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aries1988 : paris   48

杜卿:作为“记忆之场”的巴黎圣母院,透过脆弱寻回神圣价值|端傳媒 Initium Media
这些间歇性的事件并未改变圣母院与政治的关系,它对王权的重要性,依旧无法与举行加冕仪式的兰斯(Reims)大教堂、和安葬国王与王后的圣德尼(Saint Denis)教堂比肩。

1638年10月,在王子奇迹般地诞生后,路易十三发布了著名的誓愿,将他自己和整个王国献给玛利亚,圣母崇拜因此飞跃发展。其实,早在他差点病死在里昂后,他就写下了该誓愿的初稿,并选择8月15日圣母升天节(Assomption)来庆祝。是日,巴黎的父母都会带着小孩来圣母院祈祷,这一传统甚至流传至今。

路易十四继承父亲的遗志,重修了整个祭坛,放上圣母哀悼基督的雕像;而且每次军事胜利,他都在此举行盛大的赞美颂,并把敌军的旗帜保存在圣母院。政治与宗教自此融合,时常举行赞美颂、圣母升天节祈福、军队祈福和重要人物葬礼的圣母院,逐步媲美甚至超越了兰斯和圣德尼大教堂。

圣母院最高光的时刻之一,即1804年拿破仑的加冕典礼。为了赋予自己新的合法性,他不愿前去传统中国王加冕的兰斯大教堂,这位自诩的“法国人的国王”,再次肯定了圣母院新的国家象征的地位。

拿破仑三世(Napoléon III)治下,每逢攻陷塞瓦斯托波尔(Sébastopol)、马真塔(Magenta)战役获胜、皇子受洗等大事,圣母院的钟声定会响起。

自1843年始,建筑师让-巴蒂斯特·安托瓦·拉叙(Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Lassus)与欧仁·维奥莱-勒-杜克(Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc)主持的圣母院修复工程持续了20年。他们添加了数个滴水兽和新的尖塔,仿佛雨果笔下荒诞与诡谲并存的黑色哥特虚构被赋予了实体。
history  paris  france  church  cathedrale 
april 2019 by aries1988
Notre-Dame Attic Was Known as ‘the Forest.’ And It Burned Like One. - The New York Times

Some of those elements, like firewalls or a sprinkler system, were absent by choice — so as not to alter the landmark’s design or to introduce electrical wiring deemed a greater risk amid the timbers that supported Notre-Dame’s ornate lead roof.

“There had been a systematic refusal to install anything electrical” within “the forest” because of the risk, said Pierre Housieaux, president of the Paris Historical Association. “Everyone knew that the attic was the most fragile part.”

As flaming pieces of the upper structure fell to the cathedral floor, some of the interior furnishings also caught fire.

Firefighters deployed a robot equipped with tank-type treads and a camera to pull hoses into the cathedral and aim water at the flames. Firefighters also used aerial drones to get a view, including thermal imaging, into the inferno.

The firefighters brought out irreplaceable artifacts, including candelabras, statues, furnishings and religious relics like a linen fabric associated with Saint Louis, and what tradition holds is the crown of thorns worn by Jesus. Mayor Anne Hidalgo described seeing them passing treasures hand to hand in a human chain.

The Notre-Dame restoration project was to focus on reinforcing the spire and repairing some of the attic beams, said Olivier de Chalus, a construction engineer and volunteer guide at the cathedral. He described the structure under the roof as “the cathedral’s jewel, the true piece of art that wasn’t accessible to many.”
2019  fire  arte  paris  church 
april 2019 by aries1988
On the Roof of Notre-Dame, Before It Burned

they were discreetly thrilled to be spending their workdays in the gargoylesphere. From where they were standing, you could see the Eiffel Tower, Les Invalides, the mysteriously lopsided towers of Saint-Sulpice.

I got up close to a clock that, I was amazed to learn, was wound every Thursday morning. The job site seemed clean and well organized—there was a shower cabin where, before descending, each worker was required to wash off toxic lead, untold quantities of which were released tonight into the atmosphere—but I was amazed at how fragile everything was, and how intimate its upkeep. The cathedral was the work of people, not machines.

That morning on the roof, Decaillot and Baumgartner wrapped Saint Andrew’s head in bubble wrap, sealing it with orange tape. They put it in a wooden crate where his brethren—along with four smaller sculptures depicting symbols of the Evangelists—were waiting. The saints’ bodies were joined with their heads last week, at the artisans’ workshop in Périgueux.
paris 
april 2019 by aries1988
Notre Dame Is the Burning Heart of Paris

It’s partly that, at 856 years old, Notre Dame has witnessed much of French history. It’s where Henry VI was crowned, and Napoleon became emperor. A few hours into the fire, French TV news was running everything from clips of François Mitterrand’s funeral to scenes from a movie version of Victor Hugo’s “Hunchback of Notre Dame.”

In his address to the nation, Mr. Macron described what Parisians are feeling as a “tremblement intérieur” — an internal trembling.

A hundred years from now, people will still be talking about the fire of 2019.
2019  paris  france  architecture  patrimoine  fire  tragedy  accident  art  church  christianity  français 
april 2019 by aries1988
就士游 | 陈浩武:从启蒙运动到大革命——法国旅行手记(下)
如果我们把法国的历史追溯到墨洛温王朝,在公元714年,查理马特成为墨洛温王朝的宫相,这位勇敢而坚毅的人物,由于在公元732年“图尔之战”中击败阿拉伯大军,赢得“锤子”的称号,而导致他的家族的崛起。其子“矮子丕平”在751年由教皇加冕,取代墨洛温而建立加洛宁王朝。

丕平的儿子即为查理曼大帝,他在公元843年公布《凡尔登条约》,将全部欧洲分为三块,即东法兰克,西法兰克和中法兰克,分别封给他的三个儿子领有。其中东法兰克即今天的德国;中法兰克即今天的意大利;西法兰克即今天的法国。为什么今天欧盟会结成一个整体?因为他们本来就是一家人!西法兰克(法国)的加洛宁王朝在公元984年被卡佩王朝继承,主要是没有男性子嗣,卡佩王朝是其母亲一系。

卡佩王朝至公元1328年被瓦卢瓦王朝所继承,其原因也是男性子嗣的灭绝。瓦卢瓦王朝第一任国王弗朗索瓦一世,就是前面讲到的达.芬奇的密友。瓦卢瓦王朝的最后一任国王亨利四世在1589年被刺杀死亡后,无男性子嗣传位,被波旁公爵一系继承,也就是波旁王朝。这个王朝在法国大革命中被推翻。再往后,就是拿破仑上台当了皇帝。
kingdom  king  france  history  paris 
october 2018 by aries1988
French windows: an expat’s view of Paris

The most striking thing about the city, of course, is the people who live here. After almost two years here I’ve concluded that three terms sum up the Parisian experience like no other: la terrasse, faire le pont and la rentrée.

If in London you’re defined by where you work and in New York you’re defined by how much you earn, in Paris you’re defined by your ability to converse on books, philosophy or art. The French can discuss ideas for hours but equally can respond to almost any question — how was Saint-Tropez? Will Macron manage to reform France? How will the feud over [late rock star] Johnny Hallyday’s inheritance conclude? — with a shrug of their shoulders and two words: c’est compliqué.

in France there are 11 jours fériés or public holidays each year. If a férié falls on a Tuesday, you skip work on Monday as well, and make a bridge from the weekend. This is such a national pastime that there is even a section dedicated to le pont on the French public administration website.

€1m A four-bedroom duplex apartment in the loft of a recent building in the 20th arrondissement near Père Lachaise

€2m A three-bedroom apartment in the 2nd arrondissement overlooking the Places des Victoires

€5.9m A four-bedroom 294 square metre apartment at Trocadéro in the 16th arrondissement, south-facing with views of the Seine and the Eiffel Tower
temoignage  paris  british  français  life  gaijin 
september 2018 by aries1988
包慧怡 | “绿人”和提着自己脑袋的圣人
不管怎么说,由于圣徒叙事图像学中有将圣徒与其受难时的刑具画在一起的肖像传统(比如圣凯瑟琳执轮子,圣劳伦斯执烤架,圣巴多罗买执匕首),而死于砍头的圣徒又人数众多,我们今天可以在雕塑和手抄本中看到大量提着自己脑袋的基督教圣人(120位之多),他们有个共同的名字叫 “持头圣人”(cephalophores)。当然,这些圣徒肖像距离“绿人”和异教头颅神的艺术形象已相去甚远,但我们仍能看到受难、死亡与新生的主题在“头颅”中不断发展和变奏。
paganism  christianity  architecture  church  paris  explained 
september 2018 by aries1988
Géographie de l'Île-de-France — Wikipédia
La petite couronne comprend 123 communes, 4 566 621 habitants en 2015, soit 37,8 % de la population de la région4, et a une superficie de 657 km2.
paris  population  numbers  shanghai  comparison 
may 2018 by aries1988
Memories of Thanksgivings Abroad and In Between

I remember tweeting into the void about Brussels sprouts and cranberry sauce on the morning of my first Thanksgiving abroad. Nobody who might have cared was up yet.

In it, she writes about realizing, after becoming a foreign correspondent, that the picture she had of America hadn’t been complete—that one hadn’t seen the whole picture of America until one had left the national borders, because the whole picture included foreign interventions, cultural exports, and various modes of thought that were invisible at home.

The agonizing particulars of the Presidential race, which were doubly nerve-wracking to watch from afar, had been hard to explain to inquisitive Spaniards. I craved American company—to be able to dish and spar with some compatriots in the know. So when a group of expats invited me to dinner, I accepted, bringing a bottle of Rioja.

All of these celebrations offered, and birds ritually consumed, have led me to a single, significant conclusion: If it’s true, as my colleague Calvin Trillin long ago suggested, that everything exotic that isn’t chicken tastes like chicken—rattlesnake, ostrich, etc.—the one thing that can be said for certain, on Thanksgiving, is that no matter what you do to it, a turkey will always taste like a turkey.
gaijin  expat  home  festival  nostalgia  work  paris  ukraine  stans  turkey  food  eating  story 
november 2017 by aries1988
audrey siourd (@audreysiourd) • Photos et vidéos Instagram
3,404 abonnés, 631 abonnement, 192 publications - Découvrez les photos et vidéos Instagram de audrey siourd (@audreysiourd)
photo  metro  book  reading  paris 
july 2017 by aries1988
Intempéries : le métro parisien transformé en piscine géante après des pluies diluviennes

Un cumul record de pluie a été enregistré à Paris dimanche 9 juillet au soir, avec 49 millimètres en une heure. C’est l’équivalent de trois semaines de précipitations moyennes en juillet dans la capitale, selon Météo France. Le précédent record, de 47 millimètres, remontait au 2 juillet 1995.
numbers  meteo  paris 
july 2017 by aries1988
Paris, ville toujours « inaccessible » pour les jeunes de banlieue
Les milliards investis dans la rénovation urbaine, censée « désenclaver » les quartiers sensibles, n’y changent rien. Adolescents et jeunes adultes issus des classes populaires de banlieue s’estiment toujours aussi « illégitimes » dans la capitale.
paris  race  youth 
july 2017 by aries1988
Musée de l'Homme
Inauguré en juin 1938, le musée de l’homme présente l’évolution de l’homme et des sociétés, en croisant les approches biologiques, sociales et culturelles selon la pensée de Paul Rivet : « l’humanité est un tout indivisible, non seulement dans l’espace, mais aussi dans le temps ». Situé dans l’aile Passy du Palais de Chaillot (Paris 16e) dans un bâtiment construit à l’occasion de l’Exposition Universelle de 1937, il rouvre en 2015 après 6 ans de travaux en réaffirmant le concept de musée-laboratoire voulu par son fondateur.
kid  paris  discovery  idea  moi  human  history  museum 
may 2017 by aries1988
Paris confidentiel : dix lieux insolites de la capitale
Loin de la carte postale, si on découvrait la capitale à travers ses adresses méconnues. Au menu : un temple bouddhiste caché, un hôtel-cabane ou encore une épicerie qui devient table unique
paris 
february 2017 by aries1988
The People Who Pass

Outside the Gare du Nord, there are people streaming from the Eurostar, tourists looking for a week’s pleasure, mingled with travellers recently arrived from Bulgaria and Romania, looking for a job or a new life. The kinds cross, with the French, permanently frowning and suspicious, among them, and the tension rises.

the usual conviction of the French police that the human comedy as it unfolds is so absorbing that to intervene and impose artificial order upon it would be inartistic.

The thieves, and their invisible directors, are perceived by the French public as exclusively Roma—what English speakers often call Gypsies, the nomadic people long idealized as romantic and, for just as long, pursued as petty criminals.

We are manifold and must be respected as individuals—and we are completely different from the rest of you, with our own culture and history, giving us a collective identity that allows us to belong to the larger world of nations, just as you do. It’s our being completely different from the rest of you that makes us like the rest of you.

If Hamidovic was the face of the predatory Roma, Leonarda was the face of their persecution.

The majority should return to their countries. . . . Our role is not to welcome all the world’s misery.

Valls’s words—widely taken both as a testament of no-nonsense enforcement and as a bid for eventual power as Prime Minister or even President

an exasperated account of how the old Republican idea of French identity, open to all through education but still very specific in its style (high-minded) and values (meritocratic to the max), has been demoralized by a slack and hasty pluralism.

They insist, with Finkielkraut, that this angelism is part of a larger, enforced cult of the Other, a compulsory act of celebrating difference that is undermining the French state, so that the defenders of little Leonarda insist on embracing the Other, even as the Other picks their pockets.

In a matter of years, representations of the tsiganes have shifted away from musical talents, bohème, and free spirit to a portrayal of Roma otherness. It is our decision to see kinds that makes us sort kinds.

My daughter, when she was ten, said to her friend, ‘I’d like to eat your belly!’ I was called into the school—the principal was shocked! Perhaps my daughter needed to see a psychiatrist.

On one subject, Carmona is categorical. France is the worst place for Roma to be born. It suffers from centuries of ‘Enlightenment,’ the many centuries that created this Jacobin so-called ‘universalist’ frame without any regard to subjugated knowledge or subjugated peoples. In France, ethnic minorities are not even recognized—there’s a process of negation of identity that leads to the absurd category of ‘gens du voyage.’

If an unashamed, de-complexed agenda of national order and national security is not made plausible, the argument goes, the middle classes will continue their flight to the far right.

Le Pen can be declawed, he thinks, only if mainstream politicians can learn to speak truths that seem obvious to the stressed middle class.

The big problem in France is one of authority. Where is the authority in France? There is no authority in France now. François Hollande is no authority. In the family, where is the authority? In school, where is the authority? The ‘regal’ state of France has become nonexistent.

This is the problem of integration. What you can say twenty years ago, you can’t say it now. It is this question of bien-pensants, of angelism, and the right wing and the left wing are together responsible.

Mobility, rootlessness, nomadism—these are the facts of the new Europe. We must read Victor Hugo. The happy face of nomadism is all the French gone to London to be bankers. The wretched face is the poor Roma in their camps. And, great surprise, the miserables of our time turn out to be poor immigrants in the cold who behave like poor immigrants in the cold. Behind it, beneath it, is the new fear of having no floor beneath one’s feet. Ordinary French people feel that a real fall is possible.
paris  france  immigrant  society  politics  debate  europe  history  identity  immigration  crime  culture  book  intelligentsia  rom 
february 2017 by aries1988
Why a Paris corner shop taught FT writer the most about France
There are few better places for a Sunday brunch than Sanukiya, a small udon bar close to the Opéra. This Japanese eatery offers fabulous soups and tempura, and ice-cold Japanese beer on tap

€1m A one-bedroom apartment in the 1st arrondissement, a short walk from the Tuileries Garden

€2.5m A four-bedroom apartment in a Haussmannian building in the 7th arrondissement, close to Les Invalides

€5m A 218 sq metre apartment in the elegant 16th arrondissement, with views of the Eiffel Tower
paris  story  money  buy  appart  restaurant  idea  japanese  food  sunday  travel 
november 2016 by aries1988
The Long Night
By 1975, Aeberhard was working part time for the organization and also had a cardiology practice in Saint-Denis, just down the street from the house where the terrorists were found. He worked there until six months ago, and had observed firsthand the demographic shift that had taken place in the neighborhood during the eighties and nineties. The postwar French working-class population had been replaced by immigrants from poorer European countries, like Portugal, Italy, and Poland. Then came the Maghrébins—people from the former French colonies of North Africa.

“We saw the signs of fundamentalism start,” Aeberhard said. “The women began dressing differently, and men began dressing differently. I’d say that was the first exterior sign.” The quality of the local school declined, as did that of the local hospital.

The journalists of Charlie Hebdo had known that they were terrorist targets, and had carried on their work at great personal risk. Last week’s victims were normal people doing normal Parisian things: eating and drinking together, going out at night to hear a concert or watch a soccer game. After a few days, the rhythm of Parisian life returned, but a new fatalism hung in the air. People seemed resigned to the idea that more attacks would happen, maybe soon.
france  terrorism  paris 
november 2016 by aries1988
An American Neurotic in Paris

No matter how familiar Paris becomes, something always reminds me that I don’t belong. The other evening, as I chastised the lady who had cut in line at the supermarket, I realized she was grinning at me — amused by my accent. During conversations in French, I often have the sensation that someone is hitting my head. When surrounded by Parisians, I feel 40 percent fatter, and half as funny. Even my shrink eventually took pity and offered to do the sessions in English. (It turns out she’s fluent.)
paris  story  expat  american 
november 2016 by aries1988
Paris Museums and Nightclubs Show Signs of Recovery After Attacks
The coordinated assaults — aimed at cafes and restaurants, a concert hall and a sports stadium — struck at the heart of a city famed for its night life, where the cancan first appeared, where Toulouse-Lautrec painted the demimonde, and where Hemingway and his Lost Generation debated literature on terraces.
paris  culture  tourism  terrorism 
january 2016 by aries1988
Paris attacks: Notes from a wounded city
As ordinary Parisians struggle to process the horror of the assaults, politicians and pundits are talking tough
story  life  paris 
november 2015 by aries1988
A breadwinner from Senegal masters the crusty Paris baguette - FT.com
The best baguette in Paris can officially be found at Le Grenier à Pain, a bakery in Montmartre, the hilly area that was once a refuge for Impressionists. The bread’s crust is deep gold and crisp; its inside, riddled with irregular holes, melts
story  france  food  work  immigrant  paris  bread 
november 2015 by aries1988
Attaques à Paris : « J’ai senti comme un pétard qui explosait dans mon bras »
Le Monde.fr version mobile - Riverain du Bataclan et journaliste au « Monde », Daniel Psenny a été blessé par balle alors qu’il tentait de secourir des blessés qui s’étaient échappés de la salle de concert.
video  paris  temoignage  terrorism 
november 2015 by aries1988
Paris witness: Simon Kuper in the Stade de France - FT.com
Tonight my family will probably be OK in Paris. But after that?
paris  story  temoignage  2015  children  terrorism 
november 2015 by aries1988
What to Do in Left Bank, Paris
From the Latin Quarter’s alleys to the grand boulevards of St.-Germain-des-Prés, the Left Bank’s classic charms can be found in cafes, museums and shops.
While…
paris  idea  travel 
april 2015 by aries1988
L'« Asian hipster cuisine » à la conquête de Paris
A la baguette, le chef Tang Chi Keung, originaire de Hongkong, qui a quitté le restaurant cantonais de l’Hôtel Peninsula de Tokyo pour cette ouverture, la première en Europe du groupe hôtelier lui aussi originaire de l’ancienne colonie britannique. Lili rejoint le cercle très restreint des grandes tables chinoises en France. Un club qui se limite pour le moment à la capitale, où plusieurs adresses ont vu le jour récemment.

Si le premier restaurant chinois de Paris s’est installé en 1929 dans le Quartier latin (il a fermé ses portes en 2003), et que les Français consomment en masse des plats asiatiques, l’arrivée de ces établissements chics, résolument chinois, est une nouveauté. Le Shangri-La, autre palace parisien appartenant à un groupe hongkongais, avait ouvert la voie avec le Shang Palace en septembre 2011. Il est actuellement le seul restaurant chinois étoilé de France (un macaron au guide Michelin).

Ces nouvelles adresses gastronomiques sont les conséquences d’une révolution entamée il y a une dizaine d’années. Cette période a vu arriver un très grand nombre de visiteurs chinois. En 2013, la France a accueilli, 1,5 million de ces vacanciers. Et la création d’une procédure accélérée permettant d’obtenir un visa en quarante-huit heures a fait exploser les demandes de 40 %. Une clientèle à attirer, comme l’explique Gregory Lan, le directeur de Soluxe 59 : « Il y a aujourd’hui à peine cinq ou six restaurants haut de gamme proposant de la cuisine chinoise à Paris. Pourtant, les touristes venus de Pékin, Shanghaï ou Hongkong sont prêts à dépenser beaucoup d’argent ici. »

Délices de Shandong, boulevard de l’Hôpital – dans le 13e arrondissement – propose un voyage dans la province du nord-est de la Chine, à l’aide d’assiettes copieuses et servies en un éclair. Le porc fumé sauté au tofu pimenté est une merveille. A La Taverne de Zhao, rue des Vinaigriers dans le 10e arrondissement, il ne faut pas passer à côté des pains farcis à la viande, originaires de la province du Shaanxi.
paris  restaurant  chinese  travel  gastronomy 
october 2014 by aries1988
Chinese Tourists Find a Movable Feast Best Left Behind
A growing number of Chinese tourists in Paris — armed with wads of cash, typically unable to speak French and still somewhat naïve about the ways of the West after decades of China’s relative isolation — are falling victim to their unrealistic expectations of the city, while also being victimized by brazen thieves who target them because they are easily identifiable as Asian, Chinese tourism industry officials here say.

"If you are lucky enough to have lived in paris as a young man, then wherever you go for the rest of your life, it stays with you, for paris is a moveable feast" - Ernest hemmingway
paris  france  tourist 
september 2014 by aries1988
My European Ritual

I call this outing my monthly “bulle de bonheur” — “bubble of happiness” — unscheduled time and as many books as I want for free.

From 11 a.m. until 1 p.m. on the third Sunday of each month, a group of retirees takes over a corner of the Rue des Martyrs in my neighborhood in the Ninth Arrondissement. It’s time for Circul’Livre, a volunteer operation dedicated to the preservation of the book. Circul’Livre was created in 2004 and now operates in about 20 locations throughout Paris. Used books are classified by subject and displayed in crates. They are not for sale. Customers take as many as they want as long as they adhere to an informal code of honor neither to sell nor destroy them. They are encouraged to drop off their old books.
paris  secret  discovery  local  travel  idea  london  budapest  granada  italia  buy  athens  amsterdam 
april 2014 by aries1988
法式洋葱汤给漫漫长夜画上句号 - 纽约时报 国际生活
美食作家朱丽叶·查尔德(Julia Child)在《我的法兰西岁月》一书中提到,凌晨3点酒吧打烊后,她会和朋友们去巴黎中央市场(Les Halles)溜达,而她对市场边上那家一年365天营业的“猪脚餐厅”(au pied de cochon)里的“洋葱汤”则情有独钟。
paris  gastronomy  soup 
november 2013 by aries1988
Paris-sur-Chine - L'EXPRESS
Ils ont la bosse du commerce, rachètent les bars-tabacs, les ongleries, les boulangeries... Quel est le secret de ces Chinois de mieux en mieux implantés en France? Enquête sur une communauté très présente dans la capitale, qui commence à faire des jaloux.
http://www.instapaper.com/read/259421720
chinese  france  paris  people  life 
august 2012 by aries1988

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