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在化工脱贫的路上,响水人经历过爆炸、泄漏和“大逃亡”|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
2006年,江苏省陆续出重拳治理环境问题,3年内关闭近6000家企业。当大批化工企业在这场运动式的“关厂潮”中垂死挣扎时,江苏北部向他们敞开了怀抱。

横穿江苏而过的长江,分割了苏南(包括南京、无锡、常州、苏州和镇江五个市)和苏北(徐州、连云港、宿迁、淮安、盐城),亦画下残酷的经济分割线。在紧邻上海的苏州和省会南京的带动下,苏南在经济发展中将苏北远远甩在身后。

1990年,苏北GDP只有苏南的一半左右,2007年这一差距更是扩大到三分之一。彼时江苏省级贫困县有16个,均出在苏北,盐城市更是占据了三个名额,分别是滨海、阜宁和响水。

化工业,成为这些贫困县奋身一跃的跳板。

时任江苏省常州市发展和改革委员会重大项目稽察办公室主任俞建初去到苏北时,亦为当地招商局负责人的言行感到惊讶,“我们地方环境容量大,环保指标用不了,直通大海,可以自然分解,环保上不收费用。”

人们怀念以前的陈家港和灌河。“我们这里最出名的有‘大鱼拜龙王’的现象。”采访中,韩松和吴莹都讲述了儿时看到鲸鱼的经历。

灌河被称为“苏北黄浦江”,东接黄海,是苏北唯一没有建闸的天然潮汐河道。资料显示,灌河历史上就是鲸鱼经常出没的地方,每年春季,常有“大鱼”(鲸鱼)由大海游入灌河。韩松记得小时候自己常和小伙伴去灌河洗澡,河流清澈见底。

“化工厂开过来之后,就慢慢看不见这个现象了,河水都冒着油污,不再能去游泳。”韩松说。
reportage  tragedy  accident  chemistry  industry  jiangsu  pollution  2019 
21 days ago by aries1988
Huawei: The world's most controversial company - BBC News

Ren’s early days in business instilled in him a desire to protect his company from the whims and fancies of the stock market. Huawei is privately held and employee-owned. This gave Ren the power to plough more money back into research and development. Each year, Huawei spends US$20bn on R&D – one of the biggest such budgets in the world.

“Publicly listed companies have to pay a lot of attention to their balance sheets,” he says. “They can't invest too much, otherwise profits will drop and so will their share prices. At Huawei, we fight for our ideals. We know that if we fertilise our ‘soil’ it will become more bountiful. That's how we've managed to pull ahead and succeed.”

“Admittedly, what is missing from this debate is the smoking gun,” she says.

“For the average person who has a Huawei smartphone it’s not a big deal. But if you’re a Western government that has key national security to protect - why would you allow this access to a company that is in the political system that China is in?”
2019  china  corporation  world  reportage  interview 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
To really get to know the tallest trees in the world, start with their leaves
In most of the world, logging is now largely the work of massive machinery. But in the steeply sloped woods above Lake Ägeri in Switzerland, a combination of chainsaws, jacks, muscles and gravity is still the most effective means of bringing down trees for lumber. Once every four years, skilled loggers travel to the area to collect mature trees in a sustainable harvesting tradition that, in turn, allows saplings to take in sunlight and flourish. After felling the trees at careful angles, the workers send them careening through the woods with spectacular speed and force until they reach the water below with a satisfying splash. From there, the timber is floated downriver into town. The loggers’ confident expertise masks the immense dangers of the job, which could easily turn deadly in an instant. With stunning cinematography, Ins holz (In the woods) offers a rare look at this nearly extinct practice and the culture that surrounds it, making for a deeply visceral and visually stunning celebration of a hard day’s work.
forest  reportage  swiss  worker 
january 2019 by aries1988
Two Roads for the New French Right | by Mark Lilla | The New York Review of Books

Unlike her hotheaded grandfather and aunt, Marion is always calm and collected, sounds sincere, and is intellectually inclined.

In countries as diverse as France, Poland, Hungary, Austria, Germany, and Italy, efforts are underway to develop a coherent ideology that would mobilize Europeans angry about immigration, economic dislocation, the European Union, and social liberalization, and then use that ideology to govern.

a new legal status, dubbed a pacte civil de solidarité (civil solidarity pact, or PACS), for long-term couples who required legal protections regarding inheritance and other end-of-life issues but did not want to get married.

While it’s true that fewer and fewer French people baptize their children and attend mass, nearly two thirds still identify as Catholic, and roughly 40 percent of those declare themselves to be practicing, whatever that means. More importantly, as a Pew study found last year, those French who do identify as Catholic—especially those who attend Mass regularly—are significantly more right-wing in their political views than those who do not.

The National Front is nearly as secular and even less ideologically coherent, having served more as a refuge for history’s detritus—Vichy collaborators, resentful pieds noirs driven out of Algeria, Joan of Arc romantics, Jew- and Muslim-haters, skinheads—than as a party with a positive program for France’s future. A mayor once close to it now aptly calls it the Dien Bien Phu right.

They share two convictions: that a robust conservatism is the only coherent alternative to what they call the neoliberal cosmopolitanism of our time, and that resources for such a conservatism can be found on both sides of the traditional left–right divide. More surprising still, they are all fans of Bernie Sanders.

Three months later her Institute of Social, Economic, and Political Sciences (ISSEP) opened in Lyon, with the aim, Marion said, of displacing the culture that dominates our nomadic, globalized, deracinated liberal system. It is basically a business school but will supposedly offer great books courses in philosophy, literature, history, and rhetoric, as well as practical ones on management and political and cultural combat.
reportage  politics  interview  france  conservatism  culture  ideology  conflict  globalization  crisis  morality  family  value  debate  instapaper_favs 
december 2018 by aries1988
北京回族家庭三代:信仰是怎样走向真空的?|少数族群|深度|一周精选|端传媒 Initium Media
饮食亦是维系家族传承的纽带之一。姥姥穆娜烹饪的菜肴,是玛玉从小的美食启蒙。逢年过节,一大家子人围桌而坐,姥姥和大姨掌勺:一盆羊蝎子,一锅炖牛尾,一盘子炸松肉(由牛肉馅和土豆泥混合制成的小吃)……牛肉味道醇厚,羊肉毫不腥膻,吃下去,满口都是油脂的香气。饭后,姥爷做的桂花糕、玫瑰糕清甜绵润。如今,连玛玉的汉族老公也知道,她口中的“好吃的”,特指牛尾牛舌牛蹄筋,羊蝎子羊排羊头肉,饭后必须吃点甜的才算满足。

除此之外,穆斯林禁酒的文化也早已荡然无存。特别是入了官场的回族人,哪一次仕途的攀登能脱离酒桌文化?这是一个奇怪的场,喝醉是一张入场券,酒后吐露些秘密就更好了,这样彼此都攥住了对方的把柄,同盟就形成了。在酒桌上保持清醒的那个人,是最危险、最不可信、最不会被重用的。
muslim  china  reportage 
october 2018 by aries1988
China’s Health Care Crisis: Lines Before Dawn, Violence and ‘No Trust’ - The New York Times
The country does not have a functioning primary care system, the first line of defense for illness and injury. China has one general practitioner for every 6,666 people, compared with the international standard of one for every 1,500 to 2,000 people, according to the World Health Organization.

Instead of going to a doctor’s office or a community clinic, people rush to the hospitals to see specialists, even for fevers and headaches. This winter, flu-stricken patients camped out overnight with blankets in the corridors of several Beijing hospitals, according to state media.

Hospitals are understaffed and overwhelmed. Specialists are overworked, seeing as many as 200 patients a day.

China’s “barefoot doctor” system was one of the Communist revolution’s most notable successes. In 1965, Chairman Mao, troubled by the lack of health care in the countryside, envisioned an army of people who spent half their time farming (many worked in the fields without shoes) and half their time treating patients. They weren’t doctors, but rather a sort of health care SWAT team. The authorities gave them a short training period — several months to a year — and a bag of limited medicine and equipment.

When Dr. Huang saw a newspaper article about general practitioners, he decided to enroll in a training program in 2007. He was inspired by his aunt, a “barefoot doctor” in Mingguang, a city in Anhui Province, one of the poorest regions in China.

As a boy, he had followed his aunt as she went to people’s homes to deliver babies and give injections. “After becoming a doctor, I’ve realized that the people’s needs for ‘barefoot doctors’ is still very much in demand,” he said.

Dr. Yang, 31, said her practice was largely free of grumpy patients and, as a result, “yi nao.” She sees 50 to 60 patients in a workday of about seven and a half hours. In the United States, a family doctor has 83 “patient encounters” in a 45-hour workweek, according to a 2017 survey by the American Academy of Family Physicians. That’s about 16 patients in a nine-hour workday.

She’s available to dispense round-the-clock advice to her patients on WeChat, a popular messaging app in China. A patient is generally kept in the waiting room for a brief period and, if necessary, gets to talk with her for at least 15 minutes.
doctor  hospital  china  today  reform  reportage 
october 2018 by aries1988
编程要从娃娃抓起:家长们的焦虑托起百亿级产业
Scratch是麻省理工学院开发的一款专门针对低年龄段孩子的编程工具,因其入门简单、操作极具趣味性,推出十余年来,已经是世界上最流行的儿童编程语言。即便是不会英语、不会用键盘打字的孩子,也可以通过拖拽积木形状的模块来实现构成程序的命令和参数,在制作动画、游戏的过程中学习到有关编程的基本知识。
programming  kid  2018  reportage  china  formation 
september 2018 by aries1988
Twitter
RT : 'Labor shortage and low productivity were threatening the future of the Kato farm, on the Japanese island of Hokkai…
ai  video  japan  farming  population  crisis  youth  workforce  research  reportage  fromage  milk  robot  children  family 
may 2018 by aries1988
中国面壁者:西南大山深处的核九院年轻人_能见度_澎湃新闻-The Paper
中国面壁者:西南大山深处的核九院年轻人_能见度_澎湃新闻-The Paper 下载APP 进入原新闻 进入原话题 下载APP 去提问 / 下载APP 打开澎湃客户端提问 视频 时事 财经 思想 生活 上直播 @所有人 温度计 一级视场 World湃 湃客科技 围观 七环视频 大都会 追光灯 运动装 健寻记 城市漫步…
2018  scientist  chinese  state  propaganda  reportage  youth 
may 2018 by aries1988
异乡人:庄祖宜——跟着外交官丈夫去游牧,她用锅铲“炒熟” 异乡|异乡人|深度|一周精选|端传媒 Initium Media
到了成都没几日,庄祖宜就上手做四川泡菜,搬出从淘宝网上买的宜兴土陶缸子,盛入青绿的豆角、火红的辣椒和嫩黄的生姜,放在窗下一隅。

平日里,先生上班,孩子上学,时间便属于她一个人。她通常在早上步行去玉林菜市场买菜,鲜果、蔬菜、香料、干货、水产…… 挨个摊位走下来,累了便四处觅食。随意“叫份一两的面条”,“碗底是香喷喷的独门调料,上头有葱花绍子,再打碗白水面汤,一小碟免费的泡菜,十口以内吃完,畅快淋漓,切切实实点中我的心。”
cuisine  reportage  chengdu 
april 2018 by aries1988
A Beijing Bookstore Where George Washington Is on the Shelves
The All Sages Bookstore, run by a onetime Tiananmen Square protester, has survived both the capital’s ferocious property market and the censorship of the Xi Jinping era.
beijing  reportage  bookstore  book  love  politics  story 
march 2018 by aries1988
From imitation to innovation: How China became a tech superpower
The most obvious example is DJI, a Shenzhen-based startup that virtually created the category of consumer drones, including the popular Phantom and Mavic series.

As Gu was discussing genius and mortality, his robot farted. The little machine is programmed to do so, but it happens

Now his team is working on “far-field speech recognition”, deciphering commands shouted or whispered from three to five metres away.
chinese  technology  leader  today  reportage 
february 2018 by aries1988
Twelve Days in Xinjiang: How China’s Surveillance State Overwhelms Daily Life
Pedestrians pass a “convenience police station” in the Erdaoqiao neighborhood of Urumqi. URUMQI, China—This city on China’s Central Asia frontier may be one of…
xinjiang  reportage  2017  police 
december 2017 by aries1988
La traduction dopée par l’intelligence artificielle
« Tout le monde s’est rué sur ces technologies. C’était complètement fou ! », raconte Philipp Koehn, de l’université Johns-Hopkins (Maryland), pionnier d’une technique précédente, balayée par la nouvelle venue. « Avant ces inventions, on estimait qu’il fallait un an pour progresser d’un point sur une certaine échelle de qualité. Après, en un an, les bonds, pour certaines paires de langues, ont été de près de huit points », constate François Yvon, ­directeur du Laboratoire d’informatique pour la mécanique et les sciences de l’ingénieur (Limsi-CNRS) à Orsay (Essonne). Et en août, un nouveau venu, DeepL, aussi à l’origine du dictionnaire Linguee, se targuait d’un gain de trois points supplémentaires sur la même échelle de qualité par rapport à ses concurrents.

Puis nouvel hiver dans le domaine, avec des évolutions assez lentes. Jusqu’aux secousses de l’année 2014. Trois articles, quasi simultanés, l’un de chercheurs de Google, les deux autres de l’équipe de l’université de Montréal menée par Yoshua Bengio, expliquent comment de nouveaux algorithmes promettent de tout changer. Les mots-clés ne sont plus « linguistique » ou « statistique » mais « apprentissage » et « réseaux de neurones ». Ces derniers ont été inventés dans les années 1950 et remis au goût du jour, notamment par Yoshua Bengio, pour la reconnaissance de caractères manuscrits ou l’identification ­d’objets ou d’animaux dans les images.

« Formellement, apprendre, pour ces réseaux, c’est évaluer les paramètres de cette fonction qui associe une phrase source à une phrase cible », ­résume François Yvon.
reportage  ai  translation  literature  communication  history  today 
november 2017 by aries1988
How Europe's far right fell in love with Australia's immigration policy
Conjuring an imaginary “queue” was a clever way to conflate two different sorts of refugees in the mind of the public: those who manage to reach UN camps and patiently wait for years to be resettled, and those who flee their homelands and attempt to claim asylum upon arrival in Australia. But there is no such queue, because countries are not obliged to take in refugees assigned for resettlement by the UN; if they do, it is purely good will. Signatories to the UN refugee convention are, however, obliged to assess the claims of asylum seekers reaching their shores. Australia is a society obsessed with rules and fairness, and the queue-jumping argument resonates perfectly with a population primed to think in terms of orderly regulations, most of whom have never faced state-sponsored violence or war crimes.

More than 51,000 asylum seekers arrived in Australia by sea between 2009 and 2013.

The EU has earmarked around $2bn in the past two years to address the drivers of migration.

Libya offers a worrying picture of what the future might hold if politicians like Espersen and Le Pen get their way, or if these sorts of outsourced solutions come to be seen as palatable by mainstream parties.

The EU has declared it a goal to “significantly reduce migratory flows by enabling the Libyan coast guard to ‘rescue’ a higher number of migrants and bring them back to Libya before they reach EU ships or EU territory”,

if the Australian model is adopted more fully in Europe, then there will be no hope for legitimate refugees to claim asylum through legal channels, and more of them will seek illegal paths to Europe.

The far right’s goal is to make European social benefits the exclusive property of native-born citizens, a hard-earned jackpot to be protected from the grasping hands of supposedly undeserving new arrivals.

“We are encumbered throughout ex-Christian Europe by the phenomenon of compassion,” he tells me, hinting at the logical endpoint of the policies his ideas have unleashed. “Compassion is fabulous … but it is obvious that without the use of force, we will never stop the invasion.”
far-right  australia  reportage  refugee  2010s  crisis  europe  politics  today 
november 2017 by aries1988
江湖已逝,侠客转行──四个中国调查记者的转型样本(下)|大陆|端传媒 Initium Media
2014年,一篇名为《那些年离职创业的主编们》的文章在媒体圈内流传。原《凤凰周刊》的主编黄章晋离职创办了自媒体“大象公会”;《南方周末》头版编辑创办了投资者的社交网络“雪球”;《21世纪经济报导》新闻总监左志坚创办阅读社交平台“拇指阅读”……
china  journalism  story  journalist  reportage  youth  society  today 
november 2017 by aries1988
Panda politics: the hard truth about China’s cuddliest diplomat

Far more money, time and effort has been spent on saving the giant panda from extinction than on any other animal. As such, it is considered a touchstone species — if humans can’t rescue such an icon with all of this exertion, then what hope is there for less charismatic fauna?

“For China, pandas are the equivalent of the British royal family,” Nye tells the FT. “Like the royals, they are a terrific asset because you can put them on display. You trot them around the world and they add an enormous amount to the country’s soft power.”

In fact, the first recorded example of panda diplomacy dates back much further to 685 AD, when Empress Wu Zetian of the Tang dynasty presented a pair of live bears to neighbouring Japan.

Australia, France and Canada all received pandas after agreeing to sell nuclear technology and uranium to China. Scotland accepted a pair of pandas in 2011 as part of an agreement to share offshore drilling technology and supply salmon to China, while the Dutch loan this year came as the Netherlands agreed to supply advanced healthcare services.

Chinese and western experts all agree there is no scientific reason for producing so many animals in captivity if they cannot be released in the wild. But after struggling for so many years to produce even a few surviving cubs, the machinery of panda production is now almost unstoppable, thanks to financial incentives and rivalry between competing agencies.
zoo  chinese  politics  diplomacy  animal  reportage  analysis  numbers  economy 
november 2017 by aries1988
The West should stop worrying about China’s AI revolution
China has some big advantages in AI. It has a wealth of talented engineers and scientists, for one. It also is rich in the data necessary to train AI systems. With fewer obstacles to data collection and use, China is amassing huge databases that don’t exist in other countries. The results can be seen in the growth of facial-recognition systems based on machine learning: they now identify workers at offices and customers in stores, and they authenticate users of mobile apps.

The location of the institute is well chosen. From the office windows, you can see the campuses of both Peking University and Tsinghua University, two of China’s top academic institutions. Sinovation provides machine-learning tools and data sets to train Chinese engineers, and it offers expertise for companies hoping to make use of AI. The institute has about 30 full-time employees so far, but the plan is to employ more than 100 by next year, and to train hundreds of AI experts each year through internships and boot camps. Right now, roughly 80 percent of the institute’s funding and projects are aimed at commercializing AI, while the rest is focused on more far-out technology research and startup incubation.

The goal isn’t to invent the next AlphaGo, though; it’s to upgrade thousands of companies across China using AI.

“The titans of industry [in China] have seen fortunes made and fortunes lost all within their lifetime,” he says. “When you see the tech trends shift, you had better move quickly, or someone else will beat you.”
ai  china  list  entrepreneurial  company  internet  innovation  today  comparison  opinion  reportage  shenzhen 
october 2017 by aries1988
Wolf Puppies Are Adorable. Then Comes the Call of the Wild. - The New York Times
No one will run to make one of these wolves chase him for fun. No one will pretend to chase the wolf. Every experienced wolf caretaker will stay alert. Because if there’s one thing all wolf and dog specialists I’ve talked to over the years agree on, it is this: No matter how you raise a wolf, you can’t turn it into a dog.

And behaviorally, wolf handlers say, their predatory instincts are easily triggered compared to those of dogs. They are more independent and possessive of food or other items. Much research suggests they take more care of their young. And they never get close to that Labrador retriever “I-love-all-humans” level of friendliness. As much as popular dog trainers and pet food makers promote the inner wolf in our dogs, they are not the same.

As I was emphatically told in a training session before going into an enclosure with adult wolves, the one thing you definitely do not do is look them in the eye.

When the critical period ends, wolves, and to a lesser extent dogs, experience something like the onset of stranger anxiety in human babies, when people outside of the family suddenly become scary.

Even with fur, teeth and claws, the pups were still hungry and helpless, and I couldn’t help but remember holding my own children when they took a bottle. I suspect that tiger kittens and the young of wolverines are equally irresistible. It’s a mammal thing.
wolf  story  reportage  zoo  animal  human  dog  comparison  research 
october 2017 by aries1988
Catalonia on the Brink | by Miguel-Anxo Murado | NYR Daily | The New York Review of Books
Catalonia’s relationship with the rest of Spain was not idyllic but it took the shape of a healthy contest, epitomized by the eternal rivalry between Spain’s two world-famous soccer teams: Real Madrid and Barcelona. If other Spaniards sometimes perceived Catalans as arrogant, they also thought them more efficient, more modern, more “European.” The Catalans, for their part, would sometimes grumble about Spain’s too easygoing approach to life, but then they would mock their own sense of superiority, and they, too, celebrated southern Spain’s vibrant culture.
reportage  barcelona  Catalonia  history  politics  nation 
october 2017 by aries1988
Are We Ready for Intimacy with Robots?

Hiroshi Ishi­guro builds robots. Beautiful, realistic, uncannily convincing human replicas. His quest? Untangle the ineffable nature of human connection.

in Japan: the Advanced Telecommuni­cations Research Institute International in Nara and the Intelligent Robotics Laboratory on the campus of Osaka University.

Hiroshi Ishi­guro

the capacity to imbue such a machine with humanness—that ineffable presence the Japanese call sonzai-kan.

Ishi­guro believes that since we’re hardwired to interact with and place our faith in humans, the more humanlike we can make a robot appear, the more open we’ll be to sharing our lives with it.

He is convinced that human emotions, whether empathy or romantic love, are nothing more than responses to stimuli, subject to manipulation. Through the fluid interplay of its pneumatic joints, the arch of its mechanical brow, the tilt of its plastic skull, the many subtle movements achieved through years of research studying the human template, the android becomes more able to span that gap, to form a perfectly engineered bond with us. An elaborate metaphysical trick, perhaps—but what does that matter, if it fills a need? If it feels real?

Designed with the physical proportions that its human owner prefers, the preferred voice timbre and eye color and personality type, and the ability to recall and riff on its owner’s personal stories and little jokes, android will captivate human.

someone would be left alone in their advanced age to relive the joy of having a child through the cradling of a robot with stunted limbs.

The countless ways in which we judge someone based on their appearance all evaporate in the face of this neutral appearance, as Hiroshi calls the Telenoid’s blank, abstract body. And what is left in its place is that ineffable thing he has been trying to define: a distinctly human presence, free of the uncanny. It is an outsider, like its maker—but one who manages to trigger our affection. While holding the android, it hardly matters that this humanness is emitting from something that barely resembles a human at all.
human  body  android  idea  research  thinking  history  japan  japanese  reportage  interview  invention  story  emotion  office  journalism 
october 2017 by aries1988
One kind of education does not fit all
Such techniques may not seem controversial elsewhere, but in France they challenge central educational tenets. For many years, education has been subject to what might be called “the tyranny of normal”. Ever since Jules Ferry introduced compulsory, free, secular primary education in the 1880s, uniform schooling countrywide has been part of the French way of doing things. The 19th-century instituteur, or schoolteacher, was a missionary figure, a guarantor of republican equality and norms. Teachers were trained in écoles normales. To this day, the mighty education ministry sets standardised curriculums and timetables. All 11-year-olds spend exactly four-and-a-half hours on maths a week. Experimentation is frequently regarded as suspect. “Classes are not laboratories,” noted a report by the conservative education inspectorate a few years ago, “and pupils are not guinea pigs.”

French education has long been run along almost military lines. An army of 880,000 teachers is deployed to schools across the country. Head teachers have no say in staffing. In the course of their careers, teachers acquire points that enable them to request reassignment. Newly qualified ones without such points are sent to the toughest schools, and turnover in such places is depressingly high.

Each year 50,000-60,000 people apply and just 900 are admitted. Léonard Aymard, originally from Annecy, was a tour guide when he applied. Loic Shety, from Dijon, won a place even though he lacked the school-leaving baccalauréat certificate. “It’s not for everyone,” says Mathilde Allard from Montpellier, “but we work together so we don’t get lost.”

When a university cannot take any more, those at schools nearby are supposed to be given priority, but such is the demand that places are increasingly being allocated through random selection by computer, known as tirage au sort, which this year affected 169 degree subjects across France. Ability is immaterial.

The lessons of his school, as well as of Descartes and Oran-Constantine, point a way for France to overcome the tyranny of normal in order to make more of what it does well and minimise what it does not.
français  school  explained  reportage  debate  future  learn  university  system 
october 2017 by aries1988
The courting of China’s powerful princelings
Still, Ms Ye and her contemporaries are careful to keep a low profile and live relatively plain lives. Although a great car enthusiast, she prefers to drive a low-key SUV and has a comfortable and fairly understated lifestyle.

“My grandfather and his generation were idealists and they created the new China from scratch,” Ms Ye says. “Even if times are different and the ideology has changed, it is still up to my generation to honour their memory with our actions and through our contributions to society.”
reportage  chinese  rich  entrepreneurial  revolution 
october 2017 by aries1988
Wind turbine maker Goldwind looks beyond Xinjiang
Dabancheng wind farm’s location in a natural wind tunnel in China’s Xinjiang province makes it one of the best situated in the world. It is also a showcase for the turbine manufacturer Goldwind, which became the largest supplier in the world after installing so much turbine capacity in 2015 that it overtook Vestas of Denmark.

Whether or not those young enthusiasts make the trip, Goldwind is coming to them. Last year, China accounted for half the world’s wind power installation. It now has a third of the world’s total wind power generation capacity.

However, a bottleneck in transmission lines out of the region means that almost half its installed wind power went unused in the first quarter of 2016.

Most of Goldwind’s technology is licensed from Germany’s Vensys, although Goldwind has made alterations to the original designs.

Currently, wind power generation in the north of China (home to strong and regular winds) costs slightly less than thermal power generation in the south, where coal is more expensive and emissions standards are stricter. However, coal is cheapest in Xinjiang and northern China, leaving wind power at a disadvantage in its most favourable region.
md  eolien  chinese  reportage  video 
october 2017 by aries1988
What Happened to Myanmar’s Human-Rights Icon? | The New Yorker
Havel and Suu Kyi were among the many dissidents around the world who, from the mid-eighties to the early nineties, emerged as icons of freedom, often toppling the regimes that had oppressed them. In South Africa, after nearly thirty years in prison, Nelson Mandela negotiated an end to apartheid and then assumed his country’s Presidency. In Warsaw, a shipyard worker named Lech Walesa and a movement called Solidarity swept the Communist government from power. In the Philippines, the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos fell after Corazon Aquino, the widow of an assassinated critic of the regime, took up her husband’s struggle. Democratic movements did not always triumph—the Chinese government’s massacre of student protesters near Tiananmen Square is the grimmest example—but, in the last three decades of the century, the number of democracies in the world increased from thirty-one to eighty-one.

Myanmar is a patchwork of a hundred and thirty-five officially recognized ethnicities, dominated by the Bamar, from the country’s heartland, who make up sixty-eight per cent of the population and most of the ruling élite. Armed conflicts have simmered for decades between numerous ethnic groups and Bamar-led governments. In 1947, Suu Kyi’s father, Aung San, a Bamar general now regarded as the founder of the modern nation, persuaded several groups to put aside their differences in the interest of ending colonial British rule. But he was assassinated shortly before independence, which went into effect in January, 1948, and tribal conflicts soon consumed the young nation.

In 1999, Suu Kyi was faced with an agonizing decision. Her husband had received a diagnosis of terminal cancer and asked the regime to let him visit her. Repeated requests were denied, but the generals offered to release Suu Kyi, so that she could visit him, in Oxford. She and Aris knew that, if she left the country, she would never be allowed back. She chose to stay in Myanmar and never saw him again.

The euphoria that surrounded her ascent obscured how extensive the military’s power remains. The Army controls the ministries for defense, home affairs, and border affairs, and a quarter of the seats in parliament are reserved for men in uniform. Even ministries that are in civilian hands, such as finance, are full of holdovers from the previous regime, and much of the country’s budget is reserved for military use.

The armed forces of today have their origin in the Burmese Independence Army, which her father founded, in 1941, in order to rid the country of the British. In her Shwedagon Pagoda speech, Suu Kyi reminded her listeners of this history. “Let me speak frankly,” she said. “I feel strong attachment for the armed forces. Not only were they built up by my father—as a child I was cared for by his soldiers.” She retains many of the military’s values, frequently stressing the importance of discipline and unity.

For her entire life, Suu Kyi has been faithful to the memory of a father she never knew and to a country that she’d seen little of between the ages of fifteen and sixty-five. The intransigence and the certitude that may now cause her to be remembered as an enemy of freedom are the same qualities that served her well in captivity. In the years alone in her house, her distance from active politics made her a perfect vessel for the hopes of her countrymen and for the idealistic projections of the wider world.
reportage  history  democracy  2017  banyan 
september 2017 by aries1988
Le Figaro - Série - Voyage dans l'amérique d'Obama
François Hauter a passé 75 jours aux Etats-Unis pour partir à la rencontre de l’Amérique de Barack Obama. Un périple qui débute à Paris, France, et se termine à Paris, Texas.
voyage  story  usa  français  reportage  interview  list 
september 2017 by aries1988
East Goes West

In the life of a Chinese tourist, guides play an especially prominent role—translator, raconteur, and field marshal—and Li projected a calm, seasoned air. He often referred to himself in the third person—Guide Li—and he prided himself on efficiency. Everyone, our watches should be synchronized, he said. It is now 7:16 P.M. He implored us to be five minutes early for every departure. We flew all the way here, he said. Let’s make the most of it.

We might think you could just make a fake card or manipulate the records—no big deal, Li said. But, if you get caught, the fine starts at eighty-eight hundred euros, and they take away your license! That’s the way Europe is. On the surface, it appears to rely on everyone’s self-discipline, but behind it all there are strict laws.

In Europe, he warned, tactfully, Throughout our trip, breakfast will rarely be more than bread, cold ham, milk, and coffee. The bus was silent for a moment.

some of his older travellers used to have a habit of hiding cash in the toilet tank or the ventilation ducts. The worst case I’ve had was a guest who sewed money into the hem of the curtains,

At a Malaysian casino hotel in 2005, some three hundred Chinese visitors were issued special meal coupons bearing cartoon pig faces. The hotel said that the illustrations were simply to differentiate Chinese guests from Muslims, who don’t eat pork, but the offended Chinese tourists staged a sit-in, singing the national anthem.

Handy and Karen kept an eye on every cent. Within a few days, they could tell me exactly how much we’d spent on each bottle of water in five countries.

On average, a Chinese tourist buys more than a thousand dollars’ worth of tax-free stuff abroad—more luxury bags, watches, and designer clothes than any other nationality, including the Japanese, according to Global Blue, the tax-free-shopping refund service. Chinese tourists abroad spend nearly twice as much on shopping as they do on hotel rooms. Several in our group told me how sorry they were that we weren’t stopping at a place called Aotelaise. The name baffled me. Someone explained that it’s a new Chinese word: outlets.

I didn’t sense overwhelming sympathy. The Chinese have been the world’s most abundant migrants, but these days many believe that they have better job prospects at home than abroad.

He was a sanitation specialist by training, and he couldn’t help but notice Milan’s abundant graffiti and overstuffed trash bins. As Li had explained it, The government wants to clean, but it doesn’t have enough money. Handy tried to be polite, but he said, If it was like this in Shanghai, old folks would be calling us all afternoon to complain.

I was struck that, for all his travels, Zhu saw an enduring philosophical divide between China and the West: two different ways of thinking, as he put it. We will use their tools and learn their methods. But, fundamentally, China will always maintain its own way, he said.
europe  china  tourist  story  youth  gaijin  reportage  travel  shopping  thinking  anecdote  world  work  stereotype  tourism 
august 2017 by aries1988
The Jujitsu Master Turning an Ancient Art Into a Modern Science
Slight young men, they developed a system that relied on leverage rather than size or strength. Wrestling and judo prized pinning or throwing an opponent on his back. The Gracies realized that, in a real fight, the opposite is often more effective—control from behind, ideally with the opponent belly-down, so that he can be strangled into submission.

The sport has evolved technically as well, spawning hundreds, even thousands, of potential moves and countermoves. (The human body in motion is a complicated thing, and two of them in antagonistic combination exponentially more so.)

He rarely wears a coat in winter, which he explains by invoking the decimating French retreat of 1812: “If Napoleon’s troops could walk three and a half months through one of the worst Russian winters in history, in summer clothing, and a significant number of them returned, we shouldn’t have any problem.”
martial-arts  brazil  leader  idea  innovation  reportage  science 
july 2017 by aries1988
Des voitures sans essence ni diesel ? Comment s’y retrouver parmi les alternatives
Si l’on en croit Nicolas Hulot, ministre de la transition écologique, les voitures à essence et diesel auront disparu d’ici à 2040. Avec quel véhicule pourrons nous alors rouler ?

dans l’Hexagone 100 000 voitures électriques ont été vendues ces dernières années, pour moins d’une centaine de voitures à hydrogène. Le tout à comparer à un marché automobile carboné où s’écoulent 2 millions de voitures neuves et 6 millions de véhicules d’occasion par an.
reportage  car  france  motor  electric  oil&gas 
july 2017 by aries1988
Will China Save the American Economy?
Chinese workers do—on average, the Chinese work 2,200 hours a year, compared to 1,790 for the United States.


But labor expenses are rising in China. According to the Chinese Business Climate Survey, put out by the American Chamber of Commerce in China and the consulting firm Bain & Company, businesses there cite rising labor costs as their top problem. That’s in part because worker organizations are gaining strength, and strikes and labor disputes are becoming more common. Today, Chinese manufacturing wages adjusted for productivity are $12.47 an hour, compared to $22.32 in the United States, according to the Boston Consulting Group.
chinese  industry  usa  reportage  numbers  comparison  workforce  manufacturing 
july 2017 by aries1988
The Long Shot - The New Yorker
Jia is not much interested in plot. His attraction to film seems to owe more to the dictum of André Bazin, the French theorist whom he counts as an inspiration, that photography “embalms time.” Jia crams his movies with so many hair styles, pop songs, and news references that they feel like time capsules of the here and now. He has a single, unwavering theme: the liminal space in which individuals try, usually in vain, to move from one life to another—floating migrants, laid-off factory hands, restless teen-agers, all trapped on the margins of China’s boom, with enough technology to glimpse the wider world but no way to reach it. In Jia’s cosmology, trains usually speed out of sight before you can catch them and motorcycles break down.

His characters are often inspired by people he grew up with—friends, in his words, “as ignorant and coarse and full of vitality as roadside weeds.”

the movement made a searing impression on him. “Although it failed, it didn’t really fail,” he said, “because it took freedom and democracy, individualism, individual rights, all these concepts, and disseminated them to many people, including me.”

Jia immersed himself in films from Taiwan and Europe, often watching three a day. Those which he could not find in the school archives he found on the street, as pirated V.H.S. tapes. He often pedalled his bicycle across town to watch screenings at a French cultural center in Beijing.

In contrast to the epic historical Chinese dramas that were popular at the time, Jia had revealed a bitterly unadorned image of contemporary life and its discontents. To older Chinese admirers especially, the film’s honesty was bittersweet. “We had been forbidden from telling the truth for such a long time that once we were allowed to do so, we did not know how to tell the truth,” the painter Chen Danqing wrote of the film.

He felt powerless. “My motivation for making films was not simply a love of movies but also a sense of idealism, a hope that I could help to change society.”

In “Still Life,” a building launches into the air like a rocket, and a flying saucer zips across the sky. (As Jia has explained to a film magazine, China’s “official speeches and pictures are like U.F.O.s that never touch the ground.”)

“Not because they are kung-fu movies—I like kung-fu movies—but because the film underscores power, that we should ‘bow down’ before power! For ‘harmony in the world,’ we should give up individual fights and efforts. The ‘authority of power,’ the focus of his films, is what makes me extremely uncomfortable.”

“My expression, my view on history, my view on the truth must be independent,” he says, “but I tell myself not to get marginalized, because being marginalized means you can’t do anything. Marginalization can be a kind of pleasant stance—I really admire many of those people—but I would rather expend enormous energy trying to dance with the many levels of the era in which we live.”
reportage  bio  movie  chinese  china  leader  art  idea  people  nostalgia  countryside  shanxi 
june 2017 by aries1988
Remembering Tiananmen Square | The Nation
This was the “cancer cell” that the authorities had feared from the outset would appear if legal recognition were ever to be conferred on the student organizations. In the government’s eyes, if the statue of the Goddess of Democracy, erected in the square at the end of May, represented the arrogant defiance of the students and the symbolic intrusion of “bourgeois liberalism” and “Western subversion” into the sacred heart of Communist rule, the crude red-and-black banner of the Beijing Workers’ Autonomous Federation, not a hundred yards away from the goddess, represented the terrifying power of the workers awakened. Both had to be crushed, and the rapidly defecting party apparatus had to be frightened and shocked back into line.

From there on, the P.L.A. acted almost as if it were confronting Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap’s battle-hardened armies in the hills along the Sino-Vietnamese border rather than unarmed civilians. Local residents and Western journalists who visited the hospitals in western Beijing that night describe them as resembling abattoirs.
1989  history  reportage 
june 2017 by aries1988
Alienation 101
No single front in bilateral relations connects more people in both countries, or has the potential to influence a cohort so vital to the future: the sons and daughters of China’s ruling class.

karaoke bars and bubble-tea shops, which now outnumber Starbucks in Iowa City.

Some nights, Haddy goes to bed and realises she hasn’t spoken a word of English all day.
usa  chinese  youth  study  student  life  conflict  american  reportage  comparison  campus  moi 
may 2017 by aries1988
The race to build the world’s first sex robot
something as lifelike as possible – it’s his brand’s USP (unique selling point).

Matt McMullen says he’s helping the socially isolated, but once it becomes possible for a man to own a companion whose sole reason for existing is to give him pleasure, without the inconvenience of its own ambitions and needs, menstrual cycles and jealous passions, bathroom habits and in-laws, he may turn away from human relationships altogether.
reportage  robot  manufacturing  captor  industry  emotion  human  love  sex  money 
may 2017 by aries1988
Au Québec, les dangers de « l’insécurité culturelle »
L’attaque contre la mosquée de Québec est l’une des plus graves à s’être produites dans le monde occidental. La province est contrainte à l’examen de conscience.
quebec  reportage  community  muslim  canada  history  politics  identity 
february 2017 by aries1988
Les élites démocrates en pleine dépression

Au lendemain de l’élection, sa femme et lui ont tout de même décidé de faire bonne figure devant leurs deux jeunes enfants. « Depuis des mois on leur disait que Trump était un bad guy. Du coup, le mercredi, quand on leur a annoncé qu’Hillary avait perdu, on leur a assuré que Trump avait fait un beau discours de remerciements et que tout allait être OK… »

au-delà du désarroi et de la peur, la honte, l’embarras et une forme de culpabilité se sont emparés de ces milieux éduqués, ultra-informés, hyperconnectés, qui ont dû admettre leur aveuglement.

Quant aux supporteurs de Trump, durant cette campagne, ils nous inspiraient une forme de mépris.

« Dans cette société du post-fact [où le discours politique fait appel à l’émotion, au détriment des faits], éduquer les jeunes est devenu primordial. Un citoyen bien informé est toujours en meilleure position pour faire des choix. Plus que jamais, je dis à mes étudiants : “la vérité compte, la perspective historique importe, les faits ont un sens” »

Pour tenter de relativiser « la catastrophe », beaucoup comparent la situation américaine aux poussées « nationalistes, populistes, conservatrices, xénophobes » qui traversent l’Europe. « C’est une marée mondiale, la preuve que l’exceptionnalisme américain n’existe pas », défend Rhea.
trump  reportage 
january 2017 by aries1988
Que reste-t-il du rêve américain? - RFI
320 millions d’habitants, 9800 kilomètres carrés, 5 fuseaux horaires, 50 Etats aux juridictions diverses, une incroyable...
reportage  usa  2016  dream  story  immigrant  success  politics  election 
november 2016 by aries1988
Inside The World Of ISIS Investigations In Europe - BuzzFeed News
“Brussels has 19 administrative police districts that operate independently and three separate administrations for the government, NATO, and the EU,” said one of the Belgian cops involved in hunting Abdeslam. “And our government is deeply divided between the Dutch and French, so there are parallel bureaucracies for everything on the local level and dysfunction at the highest level. No wonder guys get missed.”

Fixing it would require national institutions — law enforcement, the military, and intelligence services — to give up some local autonomy in favor of further integration, something both the current political dynamic, as seen by the UK’s vote to leave the EU, and the entrenched mentality of the security establishment make very unlikely.
“No intelligence service in its right mind will regularly share intelligence with 27 other countries, because then it stops being intelligence if everyone else knows about it,” the French official said.
“Share one-on-one for a specific case, like France and Belgium on these terrorists? Sure, now that people are dead. But remember the biggest problem here is we’re all still spying on each other inside the EU.”
reportage  europe  france  belgium  police  intelligence  eu  terrorism 
august 2016 by aries1988
Fractured Lands: How the Arab World Came Apart - The New York Times
To maintain dominion over these fractious territories, the European powers adopted the same divide-and-conquer approach that served them so well in the colonization of sub-Saharan Africa. This consisted of empowering a local ethnic or religious minority to serve as their local administrators, confident that this minority would never rebel against their foreign overseers lest they be engulfed by the disenfranchised majority.

The great difference, of course, is that in the American West, the settlers stayed and the tribal system was essentially destroyed. In the Arab world, the Europeans eventually left, but the sectarian and tribal schisms they fueled remained.

it would seem undeniable that those two factors operating in concert — the lack of an intrinsic sense of national identity joined to a form of government that supplanted the traditional organizing principle of society — left Iraq, Syria and Libya especially vulnerable when the storms of change descended.

The Alawites, along with many in Syria’s Christian minority, feared that any compromise with the protesters was to invite a Sunni revolution and, with it, their demise.

But Nasser possessed an advantage that his fellow autocrats in the region did not. With a sense of national identity that stretched back millenniums, Egypt never seemed in danger of being torn apart; the centrifugal pull of tribes or clans or sectarian identity simply didn’t exist there to the degree it did in Syria or Iraq. At the same time, Egypt’s long tradition of relative liberalism had given rise to a fractious political landscape that ran the spectrum from secular communists to fundamentalist Islamists.

For all their revolutionary rhetoric, the dictators of Libya, Iraq and Syria remained ever mindful that their nations were essentially artificial constructs. What this meant was that many of their subjects’ primary loyalty lay not to the state but to their tribe or, more broadly, to their ethnic group or religious sect.
On a more philosophical level, this journey has served to remind me again of how terribly delicate is the fabric of civilization, of the vigilance required to protect it and of the slow and painstaking work of mending it once it has been torn. This is hardly an original thought; it is a lesson we were supposed to have learned after Nazi Germany, after Bosnia and Rwanda. Perhaps it is a lesson we need to constantly relearn.

parallels in history suggest that such a course would be both wrenching and murderous — witness the postwar “de-Germanization” policy in Eastern Europe and the 1947 partition of the Indian subcontinent — but despite the misery and potential body count entailed in getting there, maybe this is the last, best option available to prevent the failed states of the Middle East from devolving into even more brutal slaughter.

If General Sisi took away any lesson from Mubarak’s downfall, though, it was to never be viewed as the West’s lap dog.

“You could say that, in many ways, the Yazidis are the pure Kurds,” he explained. “Their religion is what all Kurds believed at one time, not all this Shia-Sunni business. Everyone else changed, but they stayed true to the faith.”

Traditionally, armies and guerrilla groups try to deny or minimize their war crimes, but not so with ISIS;

Shiite-dominated army was well aware of the locals’ contempt and deeply distrusted them in turn, to such an extent that at the first sign of trouble — in this case, a few Sunni jihadists riding into town vowing vengeance — the soldiers, fearing a mass uprising against them, simply bolted.

The ISIS offensive of June 2014 marked one of the most stunning military feats in modern history: In less than one week, a lightly armed guerrilla force of, ultimately, perhaps 5,000 fighters scattered a modern and well-equipped army at least 20 times its size, capturing billions of dollars worth of advanced weaponry and military hardware, and now controlled population centers that totaled some five million people.
history  middle-east  politics  world  explained  reportage  war  comparison 
august 2016 by aries1988
Why Drivers in China Intentionally Kill the Pedestrians They Hit

In China the compensation for killing a victim in a traffic accident is relatively small—amounts typically range from $30,000 to $50,000—and once payment is made, the matter is over. By contrast, paying for lifetime care for a disabled survivor can run into the millions

These drivers are willing to kill not only because it is cheaper, but also because they expect to escape murder charges. In the days before video cameras became widespread, it was rare to have evidence that a driver hit the victim twice. Even in today’s age of cellphone cameras, drivers seem confident that they can either bribe local officials or hire a lawyer to evade murder charges.
reportage  china  today  driving  killing  life  society  money  security  crime  law 
august 2016 by aries1988
Why Singapore’s kids are so good at maths

Aiming to move away from simple rote-learning and to focus instead on teaching children how to problem solve, the textbooks the group produced were influenced by educational psychologists such as the American Jerome Bruner, who posited that people learn in three stages: by using real objects, then pictures, and then through symbols. That theory contributed to Singapore’s strong emphasis on modelling mathematical problems with visual aids; using coloured blocks to represent fractions or ratios, for example.

A switch from an ability-based model of individualised learning, to a model [which says that] all children are capable of anything, depending on how it is presented to them and the effort which they put into learning it.

unlike Singapore’s office buildings, which are so deeply chilled by air conditioning that workers regularly wrap themselves in sweaters, the classrooms are open to the tropical humidity. Ceiling fans stir the air and the chatter of other children sometimes drifts through the open windows.

Meritocracy is an element of the glue that binds Singapore together. Alongside the promise of shared prosperity and security, the idea that the brightest can rise to the top is a component of the political bargain that the city-state has struck with its citizens, under which some political freedoms are restricted in exchange for significant material benefits.

Singaporeans frequently use the Hokkien Chinese word kiasu to describe themselves. The term translates as being afraid to lose out
investigation  interview  singapore  asia  education  children  learn  methodology  comparison  uk  crisis  world  future  creativity  debate  society  history  reportage 
july 2016 by aries1988
All Due Respect - The New Yorker
In Japan, it’s a crime to own a gun, another crime to own a bullet, and a third crime to pull the trigger: three charges before you even think about a target.

The name refers to an unlucky hand at cards—yakuza means eight-nine-three—and bluffing has always been part of the image. Many gangsters are Korean-Japanese or members of other minority groups that traditionally have been scorned. These outsiders proved to be nimble after Japan’s defeat in the Second World War, an era that is explored in Tokyo Underworld, by Robert Whiting. During this period, organized-crime groups established black markets where citizens could acquire necessities, and they were skilled at dealing with the occupying Americans. As Japan rebuilt, the yakuza got involved in real estate and in public-works projects.

For the most part, the yakuza eschewed violence against civilians, because the image of criminality was effective enough in an orderly society.

Adelstein says that the key to his work is the Japanese concept of giri, or reciprocity. His typical routine involves exchanging small favors with contacts, collecting bits of information that can be leveraged elsewhere.
reportage  portrait  crime  japan  american  story  mafia  instapaper_favs 
june 2016 by aries1988
Pogboom Origins
To understand something about his background, I went out to the notorious banlieue with Kuper in May. We had an appointment with Pogba's former coach, Sambou Tati, at his first club, U.S. Roissy, in Roissy-en-Brie, 23 kilometres or so from the centre of Paris to the east.

This is, in theory, a "banlieue," which just means suburb but carries all kinds of other—usually negative—connotations in the public and global consciousness and is often the object of lazy journalism.

Pogba's relationship with his birthplace is complicated. He has spent more of his adult life outside France than inside it. He left as a young man to make his fortune elsewhere. To the French, he is both immigrant and emigrant. To the Italians, he is both Frenchman and African. He has multiple identities and loyalties.
reportage  sports  football  français 
june 2016 by aries1988
Seven strange days in North Korea — FT.com
Renowned North Korea expert Andrei Lankov has described the anachronistic Soviet-style parades and night-time torch rallies as “like watching the mating season of dinosaurs”. But there is something deeply disturbing about the goose-stepping automatons, screaming acolytes and tears of ideological fervour.
dprk  korea  reportage 
june 2016 by aries1988
What About the Bombing of Nagasaki? - The New Yorker
Kyoto, Hiroshima, Yokohama, and Kokura were the first four targets chosen, with Niigata as a runner-up.

Given the plane’s mechanical problems, the crew were close to the point at which they would have to turn back or risk ditching. To have any hope of making it to a friendly airbase they would likely have had to drop the Fat Man into the ocean. “Less than two hours of fuel left,” one of the pilots wrote in his mission diary. “Wonder if the Pacific will be cold?”

After Hiroshima, now that the bomb was no longer a secret, the Army Air Forces had drafted propaganda leaflets to inform the people of Nagasaki about the possible coming shock—as much an act of psychological warfare as a humanitarian warning. But internal coördination with the bombing crews was so poor that the leaflets were delivered late. They fluttered down over the city the day after the Fat Man went off.

The day after Nagasaki, Truman issued his first affirmative command regarding the bomb: no more strikes without his express authorization. He never issued the order to drop the bombs, but he did issue the order to stop dropping them. Even if Hiroshima remains preëminent in our historical memory—the first nuclear weapon used in anger—Nagasaki may be of greater consequence in the long run, something more than the second attack. Perhaps it will be the last.
reportage  weapon  disaster  1945  nuclear  history  anniversary 
may 2016 by aries1988
外刊扫描|20世纪上半叶,在满洲生活的日本人
有这样一群人,他们曾和你我一样平凡,平凡到传统史学的宏大叙事中不会有他们的位置。然而,他们的日本人身份,让他们常常被国人贴上“侵略者”的标签而遭到排斥。他们淹没在宏大叙事之海,隐藏于种种结构性问题之下,丧失了表述自己的能力。他们将要遭受或已经遭受E.P.汤普森所谓的“后世子孙不屑一顾”(the enormous condescension of posterity)的命运。

这些人就是20世纪上半叶在满洲生活的普通的日本人。

被20世纪的时代洪流裹挟的他们,在那片原本不属于他们的土地上上演了一幕幕人间悲喜剧。他们的经验、价值、观念、思想、行动和欲望是怎样的?他们怎样认识自己的身份?他们和中国人的相处又发生了怎样的纠葛?
reportage  japanese  manchuria  ww2  chinese  history 
may 2016 by aries1988
Studio City - The New Yorker
Hengdian’s lot is eight thousand acres and includes a replica of the Forbidden City.
tv  entertainment  story  china  city  instapaper_favs  reportage  movie  industry  actor 
april 2016 by aries1988
The New Europeans
Graf von Rechberg is an interesting man. He invited asylum seekers into his home for dinner, but he held an almost apocalyptic view of their presence in Germany. Many of them, he predicted, would come to live in Muslim-majority ghettos like those in Paris, where they don’t do anything, don’t work and then watch some stupid Internet films, and then some will carry out terrorist attacks, he said. I can’t change that. I can only accept it, and that will be our future.
reportage  deutschland  people  immigration  immigrant  story  bayern  germany  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988
The Reckoning
She played dead as the sound of gunshots reverberated around her, echoing off the red tile roofs and limestone walls. Dozens of students had run home to retrieve their deer rifles, and the echo of return fire rang out as they came back to take aim at the gunman.
killing  university  life  change  story  love  history  victim  trauma  usa  religion  guns  crime  reportage  psychology  texas  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988
The Lonely Death of George Bell
The solitude of so many deaths wears on Mr. Plaza, the fear that someday it will be him splayed on the floor in one of these silent apartments. “This job teaches you a lot,” he said. “You learn whatever material stuff you have you should use it and share it. Share yourself. People die with nobody to talk to. They die and relatives come out of the woodwork. ‘He was my uncle. He was my cousin. Give me what he had.’ Gimme, gimme. Yet when he was alive they never visited, never knew the person. From working in this office, my life changed.”
death  story  newyork  life  reportage  funeral  instapaper_favs 
december 2015 by aries1988
Europe's Jihadists: What the Paris Attacks Tell Us about IS Strategy - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Olivier Roy, a French expert on Islamism, writes in Le Monde: “Almost all French radicals belong to one of two categories: They either come from the second generation of immigrants or they are converts.” What do the two groups have in common? “They break with their parents, or, to be more precise, with that which their parents represent when it comes to culture and religion.”

The younger ones can be found a hundred meters away, hanging out in front of a food stand and a café. There are perhaps a dozen of them, in their twenties and wearing sweat suits or sarwal, the baggy pants with the low-hanging crotch that Salafists prefer. It is just before noon on a workday, but none of those present have anywhere to be.

There are many like Mohammed in France, young men who live in housing projects on the outskirts of the city. Young men who feel oppressed as Muslims and who hate the country they live in. In Germany, there are no real ghettos of the kind found in France and there is also a lack of the historical rage that some French immigrants hold for the former colonial power.

there are more than 10,000 people in France with “Fiche S” files, which means they are seen as a potential danger to the state. There may not be as many in Germany, but officials here are also wondering what to do about them.
reportage  europe  middle-east  youth  numbers  deutschland  france  comparison  terrorism  germany  instapaper_favs 
november 2015 by aries1988
Dans le désert d’Atacama, l’Observatoire astronomique de Paranal - RFI
Au Chili, à 1200 km au Nord de Santiago, se trouve le VLT, le plus grand Observatoire astronomique européen, le plus grand Observatoire du monde appartenant à une seule organisation, l’ESO. En plein désert d’Atacama,...
chili  astronomy  scientist  life  desert  reportage 
november 2015 by aries1988
Japan: End of the rice age - FT.com
Japan’s rice crisis starts with its older, smaller stomachs. As the population ages, appetites are shrinking. Diets among younger Japanese favour wheat and the country is eating about 20 per cent less rice than it did two decades ago.

Other sources of demand are also vanishing: Japan drinks about a third as much (rice-based) sake as it did in 1970 and consumption of fish — the traditional accompaniment to rice — is down 30 per cent since 2005.

If the pinnacle of rice consumption is Zojirushi’s latest rice cooker, the secret of much of Japan’s rice production is another intricate feat of engineering — the Yanmar RG8, a riding automated rice planter. It is this machine, along with its various predecessors and rival products, that has arguably done more than anything else to transform Japanese rice farming, narrow the urban-rural divide and help maintain the vast membership base of the JA-Zenchu union of agricultural co-operatives
reportage  business  rice  agriculture  japan 
september 2015 by aries1988
The State of Cuba
Contradiction is more than just a sign of a changing Cuba — it is a fundamental characteristic of it.
reportage  2015  cuba  latino 
september 2015 by aries1988
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