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aries1988 : scandinavia   30

看理想
本期《八分》收听提示:

1. 那些“奇葩”的北欧国家和国民
2. 两个国家是否友好,最简单的检测方法是什么?
3. 挪威为什么要送一座山给芬兰庆生?
4. 芬兰人认为日常最尴尬的事是什么?
podcast  scandinavia 
august 2018 by aries1988
The Scandinavians ‘hitchhiked’ their way to the boons of empire | Aeon Ideas

Imperialists came in many different varieties in the 19th century. Scandinavia and the US (outside of North America) point us to a more sophisticated understanding of empire. Some imperialists administered territory and opened markets. Others provided capital to build railways and link the global economy. Still others produced migratory labour or hauled commodities. Administering territory was the most prestigious job. But it was not the only way to be an imperialist. Profit and power could also be won by hitchhiking.
colonialism  scandinavia  history  today  capital  world  order  comparison  theory 
february 2018 by aries1988
Hygge: the Danish key to happiness or pseudo-wisdom?
You get the idea. Hygge, as encapsulated by the publishing industry, is a new kind of self-help fad for the money-rich and time-poor looking for quality life experiences.

It is the commodification of this essentially unassuming idea of happiness into a trend, an idea of life as a project, something to be endlessly curated and enhanced through the consumption of the one thing you haven’t got and, frankly, can’t ever have: an ideal Nordic lifestyle. This is the winter antidote to the ideal Mediterranean lifestyle that we also cannot have, the one with local food and wine on the terrace of a 15th-entury villa in Tuscany or Puglia and no work. Hygge? Save yourself the money, here’s the summary. Wear socks. Bake. Light endless candles. Don’t go out. Unless it’s nice out. In which case, do go out. With socks (leave the candles). You’re welcome.
ft  critic  book  life  dane  scandinavia 
december 2016 by aries1988
Why is English so weirdly different from other languages? – John McWhorter | Aeon Essays

almost all European languages belong to one family – Indo-European – and of all of them, English is the only one that doesn’t assign genders that way.

There is no other language, for example, that is close enough to English that we can get about half of what people are saying without training and the rest with only modest effort.

Crucially, their languages were quite unlike English. For one thing, the verb came first (came first the verb). But also, they had an odd construction with the verb do: they used it to form a question, to make a sentence negative, and even just as a kind of seasoning before any verb. Do you walk? I do not walk. I do walk.

Old English had the crazy genders we would expect of a good European language – but the Scandies didn’t bother with those, and so now we have none. Chalk up one of English’s weirdnesses. What’s more, the Vikings mastered only that one shred of a once-lovely conjugation system: hence the lonely third‑person singular –s, hanging on like a dead bug on a windshield. Here and in other ways, they smoothed out the hard stuff.

English got hit by a firehose spray of words from yet more languages

One result was triplets allowing us to express ideas with varying degrees of formality. Help is English, aid is French, assist is Latin. Or, kingly is English, royal is French, regal is Latin – note how one imagines posture improving with each level: kingly sounds almost mocking, regal is straight-backed like a throne, royal is somewhere in the middle, a worthy but fallible monarch.

Clip on a suffix to the word wonder, and you get wonderful. But – clip on an ending to the word modern and the ending pulls the accent ahead with it: MO-dern, but mo-DERN-ity, not MO-dern-ity. That doesn’t happen with WON-der and WON-der-ful, or CHEER-y and CHEER-i-ly. But it does happen with PER-sonal, person-AL-ity.

What’s the difference? It’s that -ful and -ly are Germanic endings, while -ity came in with French. French and Latin endings pull the accent closer – TEM-pest, tem-PEST-uous – while Germanic ones leave the accent alone. One never notices such a thing, but it’s one way this ‘simple’ language is actually not so.

What English does have on other tongues is that it is deeply peculiar in the structural sense. And it became peculiar because of the slings and arrows – as well as caprices – of outrageous history.
comparison  language  english  history  linguist  culture  scandinavia  origin  vocabulary  instapaper_favs 
august 2016 by aries1988
The Minecraft Generation
Jordan wanted to build an unpredictable trap. An 11-year-old in dark horn-­rimmed glasses, Jordan is a devotee of Minecraft, the computer game in which you…
story  fun  children  game  tradition  scandinavia  teamwork  organisation  sexism  mentality  tool  solution 
april 2016 by aries1988
Swedish PM describes countrymen’s gloom as ‘surreal’ - FT.com
Sweden’s economy may be booming and its authorities may have stemmed a massive influx of refugees but prime minister Stefan Lofven is getting little of the credit. Sweden, says Mr Lofven, is a country where “it is as if everything is going in the
scandinavia 
april 2016 by aries1988
The Fugitive
His feet froze solid. An avalanche buried him up to his neck. Villagers risked death to hide him. How Jan Baalsrud escaped the Nazis and became a Norwegian folk hero.
scandinavia  story  survive  war 
march 2016 by aries1988
English for Swedes
cheap vs. sheep (also: cheat sheet, chit-chat)
Yale vs. jail
line but linear (/layn/ but /li-ne-ar/, not /layn-ar/)
variable and variance have the stress on the first syllable.
analysis has the stress on the second syllable.
magazine and all other words with a z, which is generally not pronounced as an s.

in Swedish the verbs are not conjugated.

Avoid assigning actions to inanimate objects:
This thesis investigates algorithms. → In this thesis, I investigate algorithms.

In Swedish, no difference is made between opening and closing quotes. However, in most other languages a different glyph is used for the two. In English the opening quotes are inverted.
scandinavia  english  language  writing  advice  latex  comparison 
august 2015 by aries1988
(7 条消息) 丹麦是怎么丢掉汽车成为自行车之国的?中国若往这方面“努力”,要有哪些政策与规划? - dustette 的回答 - 知乎
所以归根结底,能让自行车成为生活方式的一部分,是因为丹麦/荷兰人的生活方式和基础设施建设/城市设计形成了互相促进的良性循环。基础设施好,人们觉得骑车出行方便,于是骑车出行的人越来越多。骑车出行的人越来越多,市政部门就有动力投入更多的钱和精力促进自行车友好型的城市设计。对于哥哈居民来说,选择自行车的最主要原因是快捷(56%),而不是环保这种高大上的原因或者便宜。 不过对于政府/社会而言,选择自行车是有很明显的cost-benefit优势的。好吧其实我也不知道他们怎么算的,不过丹麦人估算,自行车走的每一公里,社会会赚到1.22克朗;而汽车走的每一公里,社会会赔1.13克朗。
scandinavia  city  life  biking 
july 2015 by aries1988
Karl Ove Knausgaard Travels Through North America
One joy of life in the north comes after a winter storm, when the sky, freed of its burden, has paled, and the glow of the unseen sun is everywhere reflected by the snow, so that all things stand out sharp and clear.

The same thing happened nearly every time I had ordered something in the past week. The waiter or waitress would look questioningly at me and ask me to repeat myself. Every exchange of information was piecemeal, chopped into bits, full of misunderstandings and repetitions. It wasn’t that I didn’t speak English, it was that I stood on the outside of the flow that made things glide along easily and without friction, where everything said and done was as expected.

If there was one thing I had been looking forward to, and had intended to base my article on, it was the sound of adventure that American place names evoked. Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania. All my life I had kept encountering them, and when I saw them in writing, vast spaces opened up within me. The names were romantic, exotic, distant, yet so close, strange, but still familiar. This is what I had wanted to write about, what this almost mythological landscape was like in reality.

To be able to describe something, you have to feel some kind of emotional attachment to it, however faint. The external has to awaken something within; nothing means anything in itself, it is the resonance it produces, in the soul and in the language, that gives meaning to the thing described.

It’s deeply un-American, you know, not to make small talk. It’s a very important part of the culture of this country.
story  european  usa  scandinavia  people  comparison  norge  immigrant  culture  travel 
april 2015 by aries1988
Norwegians Turn Ambivalent on Statoil, Their Economic Bedrock
Though oil and gas provide a quarter of Norway’s G.D.P., concern over climate change is fracturing the country’s bond with its flagship company.

Criticism of Statoil does not come easily, for the company has long been a source of affluence as well as national pride. Since it was founded in 1972 to exploit the extensive hydrocarbon deposits in the Norwegian continental shelf, Statoil, which is two-thirds owned by the government, has pumped hundreds of billions of dollars into federal coffers, including the wealth fund. Oil and gas exports have helped make Norway, which has a population of five million, one of the wealthiest nations in the world, with a median household income of more than $62,000.

Among the world’s oil giants, Statoil’s environmental reputation is better than most. The company supports a carbon tax. It has been a leader in developing ways to store carbon dioxide underground to keep it out of the atmosphere. And its per-barrel emissions from producing oil in the North Sea are among the lowest anywhere.
scandinavia  oil&gas  future 
january 2015 by aries1988
In Sweden, the Land of the Open Door, Anti-Muslim Sentiment Finds a Foothold
Amid the relentless stream of migrants to Europe that has fueled a backlash against immigrants, directed most viciously at Muslims, arson is suspected at mosques in three Swedish cities over the last 10 days.
scandinavia  immigration 
january 2015 by aries1988
Norway the Slow Way
In the past, Norway was relatively (and I mean relatively) cheap compared to Sweden and Denmark — Swedes would come to buy products in Norway and Norwegians would go to Sweden to work. But then oil reserves were discovered off Norway’s coast in 1969, and everything changed. The youngest child had suddenly become rich. One of the byproducts of this sudden influx of capital has been an intensive modernization in nearly all sectors of Norwegian life. Just 20 years ago, Oslo was a sleepy, provincial town known mainly for annually handing out the Nobel Peace Prize. Today, it is Europe’s fastest-growing capital. Everywhere you look, skyscrapers are being thrown up
culture  explained  family  norge  scandinavia  story  tv  travel 
september 2014 by aries1988
Scandinavians Split Over Syrian Influx - NYTimes.com
“Sweden is very puzzling,” said Grete Brochmann, a leading Norwegian immigration scholar. The Swedes, she said, “are extremely liberal toward immigration, but they have a very authoritarian attitude toward debate about it. In Norway the idea is, open discussion is basically good. If there’s hostility, better to get it out.”
scandinavia  norge  immigration  today  comparison 
september 2014 by aries1988

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