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aries1988 : study   29

History of Japan : Episode 248 - Family Matters
This week we take on the history of the von Siebold family -- father Philip Franz, son Alexander, and daughter Kusumoto Ine. How does the story of this unusual family fit in to the story of 19th century Japan?
family  japanese  japan  netherlands  history  medicine  study  gaijin 
september 2018 by aries1988
异乡人——雷立柏:东西方的对话不只有手机和高铁,还有孔子和柏拉图|一周精选|深度|异乡人|端传媒 Initium Media
“中国古代的理性文明都遇到了天花板,他们的科学研究没有连续起来,”雷立柏说,“反倒是黑暗的欧洲中世纪里,天文学、物理学、数学、逻辑学和工程学都和神学一起发展起来了,产生了哥白尼和伽利略这样的人。宗教的强大并没有阻碍科学的发展,它不是科学的敌人,反倒是朋友。”
gaijin  beijing  latin  language  study  greek  science  history 
february 2018 by aries1988
Alienation 101
No single front in bilateral relations connects more people in both countries, or has the potential to influence a cohort so vital to the future: the sons and daughters of China’s ruling class.

karaoke bars and bubble-tea shops, which now outnumber Starbucks in Iowa City.

Some nights, Haddy goes to bed and realises she hasn’t spoken a word of English all day.
usa  chinese  youth  study  student  life  conflict  american  reportage  comparison  campus  moi 
may 2017 by aries1988
我们究竟需要多大的词汇量?
从统计图中可以看出,《经济学人》的36万多词文本中,只有 92.57% 的单词落在BNC词表中前8000词区间中。也就是说,假如你的词汇量是8000,那么你只能读懂《经济学人》文本的92.57%,按照上面的词汇覆盖率标准,这样的覆盖率并不能保证顺利理解文本。如果你的词汇量达到了10000,那么你大概可以读懂 95.05%的《经济学人》,基本可以理解文本内容。如果词汇量达到了15000,你的词汇覆盖率会上升到97.92%,基本达到了充分理解的程度。

由此看来,“掌握几千个单词就够用”这种说法在阅读中并不靠谱。即使你词汇量达到8000,读起野生外刊仍然会捉襟见肘。如果想要比较舒服地读懂外刊,那么你的词汇量最好不要低于12000。

那么,熟练掌握几千个单词对听力够用吗?答案也是否定的。认真听过BBC以及VOA的同学应该会留意到,这些听力材料的难度并不比原版外刊低多少,要听懂它们仍然需要10000以上的词汇量。
vocabulary  study  english  tool  to:things  numbers  question  howto  data  analysis 
december 2016 by aries1988
The search goes on | The Economist
The West has gained a lot from Christianity. There is still more to learn
The Christianisation of Europe, he says, was not a bunch of reactionary clerics trying to shut down a noble, free, secular ancient world, but a new idea of “a voluntary basis for human association in which people joined together through will and love rather than blood or shared material objectives”. Christianity declared that humans “have access to the deepest reality as individuals rather than merely as members of a group”.

Out of this, with a reinjection at the Reformation, came the origins of the modern world: a belief in equality of status as the proper basis for a legal system and the assertion of natural rights leading to individual liberty, as well as the notion that a society built on the assumption of moral equality should have a representative form of government.




The Evolution of the West: How Christianity Has Shaped Our Values. By Nick Spencer. SPCK; 190 pages; £9.99.
book  religion  christianity  europe  Renaissance  history  mentality  study  society  opinion  debate  middle-age  antiquity 
november 2016 by aries1988
What caused the Black Death and could it strike again? | Aeon Essays
The earliest plague graves ever discovered, by the 19th-century Russian archaeologist Daniel Abramovich Chwolson in what is now Kyrgyzstan, dated to about 1339 – shortly before the Black Death exploded across Asia and Europe. Those graves lie in a Nestorian Christian cemetery near Lake Issyk-Kul, not far from what is now Xinjiang, or western China. There’s no reason to think that these quiet Christians in their remote habitation were the index cases of the Black Death, but they were surely among the early ones.
medical  study  history  pandemic 
october 2016 by aries1988
考研中的时间管理与高效学习【方法与软件推荐】
之前答应过一些朋友要写下来的,拖了这么些时日直到今天才完成。虽然考研成绩还未出来,我觉得我最好还是先写出来分享给大家。我是教育学跨考MTI,说实话,难度挺大的,毕竟翻译专业的专业性较强。考研期间,自己摸索了一些方法,主要是通过一些App与软件进行时间管理,提高学习效率,自我感觉是获益匪浅。
这篇文章分两部分,第一部分时间管理,第二部分高效学习。话不多说,直接上干货吧(能叫干货吗?。
workflow  howto  study  time  management 
august 2016 by aries1988
Baidu uses millions of users' location data to make predictions | New Scientist
The researchers hand-labelled thousands of areas of interest – offices, shopping centres and industrial zones – across China. Then they studied location data from the end of 2014 to the middle of 2016 to see how many people were at those places at each time, and how that changed through the year.
data  baidu  study  chinese  economy  opinion 
july 2016 by aries1988
The long march from China to the Ivies | 1843
The nearly 400 students in Monica’s international wing each pay an annual tuition of roughly $15,000 per year – giving the public school a multi-million-dollar revenue stream.

After sifting through the options, Monica and Christina both gravitated to Elite Scholars of China (ESC), a boutique consultancy based in Beijing. Run by Tomer Rothschild and Stacy Palestrant, an expatriate American couple, the agency guides a small group of top students (100 this year) through the application process. Most students pay more than $15,000,

The obsession among top colleges with extra-curriculars has created a strange ritual in America. In the summer preceding application, students devise heart-warming experiences that will demonstrate how they embody the ideals of empathy, leadership or resilience: they volunteer at soup kitchens for homeless people, they start a sports league for disadvantaged youths, or – if their families are wealthy – they fly off to Haiti, Guatemala or Ghana to build houses for the poor.

The essay process can be painful, but it’s pushed me out of my comfort zone and forced me to examine my life, she says. The students who get agents to do everything may get into good universities, but they miss a very precious journey.
china  education  college  usa  concours  study  abroad  youth  comparison  service  instapaper_favs 
may 2016 by aries1988
A user’s manual
Hardcore, abundant and free: what is online pornography doing to sexual tastes—and youngsters’ minds?
pornography  psychology  study 
november 2015 by aries1988
Spaced repetition - Gwern.net
OK, but what does one do with it? It’s a surprisingly difficult question, actually. It’s akin to the tyranny of the blank page (or blank wiki); now that I have all this power - a mechanical golem that will never forget and never let me forget whatever I chose to - what do I choose to remember? Tyranny of the white page.

That’s our key rule of thumb that lets us decide what to learn and what to forget: if, over your lifetime, you will spend more than 5 minutes looking something up or will lose more than 5 minutes as a result of not knowing something, then it’s worthwhile to memorize it with spaced repetition. 5 minutes is the line that divides trivia from useful data. Facts can be looked up. That’s what the Internet is for. When it comes to learning, what really matters is how things fit together. We master the stories, the schemas, the frameworks, the paradigms; we rehearse the lingo; we swim in the episteme. a memorable enough rule of thumb: ‘don’t use spaced repetition if you need it sooner than 5 days or it’s worth less than 5 minutes’.

Nowhere, really. Mnemosyne/SR software in general are just one of my favorite tools: it’s based on a famous effect discovered by science, and it exploits it very elegantly and usefully. It’s a testament to the Enlightenment ideal of improving humanity through reason and overcoming our human flaws; the idea of SR is seductive in its mathematical rigor. In this age where so often the ideal of ‘self-improvement’ and progress are decried, and gloom are espoused by even the common people, it’s really nice to just have a small example like this in one’s daily life, an example not yet so prosaic and boring as the lightbulb.
memory  study  anki  tips  analysis 
august 2015 by aries1988
The Decline of International Studies
If you want evidence-based expertise on terrorism in Pakistan, environmental degradation in China, or local politics in provincial Russia, there is someone in an American university who can provide it. It is harder to imagine a Pakistani scholar who knows Nebraska, a Chinese researcher who can speak with authority about the revival of Detroit, or a Russian professor who wields original survey data on the next U.S. presidential race.
usa  academia  geopolitics  study  world 
june 2015 by aries1988
New Young Puritans: students get serious - FT.com
At well past midnight, Reading university is fully awake. The midweek club night, known as Flirt, emits a dull thud of bass, and from time to time revellers…
school  university  study  student  mentality  success  comparison  today 
may 2015 by aries1988

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