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aries1988 : university   65

The Uselessness of Freedom

I sincerely hope that you remember this line. How can we avoid such a tragic scenario? For graduates of Fudan University, I believe that one was is by keeping the unofficial school motto in mind. The prerequisite for freedom is its uselessness. In discussing the concept of ‘uselessness’ in 2017 I said something to the effect that the ‘uselessness’ of Fudan is not that of [the third-century BCE Taoist thinker] Zhuangzi, who spoke about the uselessness of the serrate oak [or ‘Tree of Heaven’, 樗樹 chū shù, from which nothing utilitarian could be made] and commented that ‘Axes will never shorten its life, nothing can ever harm it. If there’s no use for it, how can it come to grief or pain?’ [as translated by Burton Watson]. Rather the ‘uselessness’ about which I’m talking about here is that of Immanuel Kant who reasoned that humanity was an end in itself [something related to his views on ‘Ding an sich’] and not merely a tool to be used for some other purpose.
2019  university  speech  graduation 
8 weeks ago by aries1988
曲卫国 | 2019复旦毕业典礼的发言

这些年的毕业典礼,我每次都反复絮叨非正式版的民间复旦校训:自由而无用。遗憾的是,翻看前几次的发言,我发现我的心情一年比一年沉重。2017年我主要谈的是无用,non-instrumental。2018年我发现有必要对于自由好好地思考一番,因为说到自由,大家似乎更关注自己的自由权利。
fudan  university  ceremony  talk  leader  linguist  freedom  culture  opinion  2019 
9 weeks ago by aries1988
东京大学入学致辞:年轻人,等着你的,是一个无论如何努力也得不到回报的社会|端傳媒 Initium Media
事实上,各类数据都证明女性考生的偏差值(注:偏差值=50+10×(个人成绩-平均值)/标准差,是日本大学录取考生时的重要标准)要高于男性考生。

回望女性学刚开始的时候,世间满是未解之谜。为什么男主外女主内?家庭主妇是什么?要做什么?在没有卫生巾和卫生棉的时代,女性月经时用什么?日本历史上有同性恋吗?……因为这些不曾有人调查,所以没有先行研究。也因此不管做什么,都是这个领域的开拓者,第一人。在今天的东京大学,不论是关于主妇的研究,还是少女漫画或性研究都可以取得学位。

你们是被选拔至此的。据说每一位东大生一年的国家财政负担是500万日元。在今后的4年间等待你们的是绝佳的教育学习环境。

请不要忘记,你们认为的努力之后的回报,实则并不是你们努力的结果,而是托了大环境的福罢了。

诞生女性学的摇篮是女权主义(feminism)这一女性运动,女权主义绝不是让女性像男性般行为举止,或是让弱者成为强者的思想。女权主义,是让弱者在原来的状态下被尊重的思想。

没有必要害怕不同的文化,人生在世,天涯可存。对你们而言,东大的标签即便是在陌生的世界,任何环境,任何世界,即便成为难民,也能为你的生存提供必要的知识。我相信在大学学习的价值,不在获得已知的知识,而是获得为了产生至今从未有人知晓的知识的能力。
gender  speech  university  tokyo  japan  equality  society 
april 2019 by aries1988
刘擎:2018西方思想年度述评(观念/文化篇:自由主义之死与智识争论复兴)
【編者按】本文為華東師範大學劉擎教授自2003年起所撰之「西方思想年度述評」系列第16年作品下篇,首發於《騰訊·大家》欄目,略去部分內容和全部文獻註釋。完整印刷版將在《學海》雜誌發表。端傳媒經作者及《騰訊·大家》授權刊發,以饗讀者。

令人憂慮的是「自由主義造就了現代世界,但現代世界正在背離自由主義」。如果要復興自由主義的活力,必須反省它失去活力的多種成因。在社會經濟方面,需要反省自由主義崇尚的「優績制」(meritocracy)競爭對造成貧富差別與社會固化的影響。在文化方面,檢討「身份政治」的局限,在正當回應族群歧視的過程中,沒有防止它演變為「宗派憤怒」的傾向。在國際與地緣政治方面,自由派也沒有足夠的智慧和勇氣來捍衞「二戰」後形成的同盟和自由制度體系。在政治上,當政的自由派已經變得越來越保守,傾向於維持現狀,而完全忘記了自由主義最初的激進立場。

沃森的觀點可能在政治上不正確,但如果在科學上是真實的呢?難道科學真理應當屈從於政治正確的管制嗎?

回應這種鏗鏘有力的質疑其實並不困難,而且可以斬釘截鐵:沃森的這種觀點首先在科學上錯誤的(雖然他是一位科學大師),因為在生物學意義上,「種族」類別(白人、黑人、黃種人等)並不存在,這早已是學術界的普遍共識。

社會生活中使用的種族分類,是文化和政治塑造的概念(所謂「社會建構」),並不具有對應的生物學依據。這是目前生物學和人類學界的主流觀點,已經有大量的研究證據支持,也有許多相關的科普作品傳播。

萊克認為不應當迴避研究不同人群(populations)之間的遺傳差異。他明確反對一種流行的誤解:由於人類來自共同的祖先,人群相互分離的時間不久,不足以在自然選擇壓力下形成重要的遺傳差異。「但這不是事實」,他指出「東亞人、歐洲人、西非人和澳大利亞人的祖先(直到最近為止)幾乎完全相互隔絕了4萬年或更長的時間,足以讓進化力量發生作用」。人群之間的遺傳差異不僅客觀存在,而且會影響某些遺傳疾病、特定的身體性狀甚至行為和認知能力在人群之間的概率性差異。

研究人群遺傳差異是一把雙刃劍:在很多情況下它會揭露「種族」概念的虛假性,瓦解絕大多數的刻板印象,但遺傳學的發現也有可能會確證某些刻板印象。在這種情況下,科學發現的隻言片語會被某些願意信奉種族主義觀點的人用來證明自己正確。恰恰因為存在這種可能性,萊克才要在文章中直面這個問題。

美國大學招生同樣以「擇優錄取」為主要原則,反映了美國的「優績制」(meritocracy)的價值取向,但其公平原則也包含對弱勢群體的「補償正義」觀念,突出體現於「平權法案」(Affirmative Action,又譯作「肯定性措施」)。此外,還會兼顧「文化多樣性」的目標,可能會考慮校園的「族裔平衡」(racial balancing)。擇優錄取、補償正義和文化多樣性,這三重維度之間存在張力,每個大學有自己側重與應對策略。
summary  read  2018  west  intelligentsia  journalism  liberalism  opinion  race  usa  debate  polemic  university  elite  policy  scientist 
february 2019 by aries1988
Twitter
RT : "C'est un mur de l'argent" : des personnalités s'engagent contre la hausse des frais universitaires pour les non-Eu…
2019  university  français  fee  reform  gaijin  student 
january 2019 by aries1988
Professor Michael Puett in Conversation Julia Lovell - YouTube
33:52 censorship
37:30 Cambridge University Press
48:16 Utopia of getting rid of the Chinese Department. Hegel
https://youtu.be/edysgDkIKcU?t=5044 The most important question
Lovell: no soft power
china  history  historian  translation  world  university  west  today  softpower 
october 2018 by aries1988
Mary Beard Takes On Her Sexist Detractors | The New Yorker

In “The Fires of Vesuvius: Pompeii Lost and Found” (2008), she points out that the ancient city lacked zoning regulations, which meant that a blacksmith’s noisy shop could lie on the other side of the wall from a wealthy family’s frescoed dining room. Her deductive observation from the presence of tartar on the teeth of skeletons—that Pompeii was a city of bad breath—is a typical Beardian turn.

Beard does not wear makeup and she doesn’t color her abundant gray hair. She dresses casually, with minor eccentricities: purple-rimmed spectacles, gold sneakers. She looks comfortable both in her skin and in her shoes—much more preoccupied with what she is saying than with how she looks as she is saying it.

She is a frequent contributor to Radio 4, the British equivalent of NPR, offering audio essays on subjects as varied as dementia, the four-minute mile, and academic testing.
bbc  female  culture  classic  university  intelligentsia  uk  history  roman 
june 2018 by aries1988
林開世:人類學有什麼用?|廣場|探索學院|端傳媒 Initium Media
幾乎在大學裏所有正常的學科,從數學、物理、生化、農經、文學、歷史、機械到公衛,專門科目所學的與你職場所要做的事,往往沒有清楚的相關,甚至根本派不上用場。許多中、小型工廠與企業需要的專業知識,其實高中教科書或大一的課本就足以應付,你要去的編輯出版社或報社,大都不需要員工對社會現象做階級分析或跨文化比較。大學學科的訓練只是儲備你到達職場、工廠、企業後,處理問題的潛在能力。至於你真的會碰到什麼樣的企劃案,什麼樣的實際困難,什麼樣的工作環境,常常與你在所學是無關的。

在這個學科的價值不清的情況下,你自我議價的空間就很大,你越能夠清楚的肯定你自己的所學,你就越有機會創造比較多的可能。

人類學家的任務一直是不斷在不同的人群的社會實踐中,發掘不可抹滅的差異、難以壓制的抗拒、不可思議的創意,以及無法理喻的荒謬。這些令人驚訝的行動與思維,持續的挑戰我們視為當然的秩序與界限,讓我們無法安穩的靜止與滿意,推擠我們往前往後、上上下下的多看一眼,多聽一點。

人類學不斷地在探索、理解人們如何生產出特殊意義的現象與不同的價值觀念。這種好奇與同理心的培養,想要塑造的就是一種特殊的習性,一種讓你遲疑一下,停下來反思的習性。跨文化的訓練與思維會給你帶來一種猶豫,讓你意識到眼前所有做事的方式,都不可能只是當然的、理性的、正確的;而是文化的、習慣的、自我合理的。
humanity  anthropology  liberal-art  university  utility  career 
june 2018 by aries1988
Thinking about Chinese student experience
At the outset of my classes I explain and exemplify how there are usually two sides to any story,
anecdote  chinese  student  young  behavior  conflict  university  teaching  west 
january 2018 by aries1988
文冤阁大学士:另类的《大学文科新生指南》

朱绩崧是复旦大学英文系教师,常以“文冤阁大学士”为名在网络间对英语学习及本科教育提出臧否建议。最近,他撰写了一份《大学文科新生指南》,虽然语气不乏嘲讽的地方,但的确以过来人的经历对文科生的本科阶段提出了中肯建议。

精致利己主义的根本原则:三种事不做。

一、不能增长知识、开阔眼界的事。
二、不能锻炼体魄、益寿延年的事。
三、不能合法赚钱的事。
university  youth  chinese  learn  career  list  guide  advice  howto  survive  success 
november 2017 by aries1988
Derrière la polémique Rich Meet Beautiful, le phénomène des « sugar babies »
La plate-forme norvégienne se vante de mettre « en relation » des étudiant(e)s précaires avec des personnes aisées. Une enquête pour proxénétisme a été ouverte.
sex  student  university  business 
october 2017 by aries1988
Joe DiMaggio Babysat My Daughter at the Airport | Reader's Digest
She was very, very upset. She said, “I can’t believe you’ve let this family come apart. I can’t believe this child will grow up without a father.” (Which was never true and has never been true since.)
story  luck  destiny  airport  parents  children  career  research  university  couple  marriage 
october 2017 by aries1988
Accès à l’université : les propositions issues de la concertation
Les principaux acteurs de l’enseignement supérieur ont remis jeudi à la ministre Frédérique Vidal leurs propositions pour réformer l’accès à l’université.
university  français  2017 
october 2017 by aries1988
One kind of education does not fit all
Such techniques may not seem controversial elsewhere, but in France they challenge central educational tenets. For many years, education has been subject to what might be called “the tyranny of normal”. Ever since Jules Ferry introduced compulsory, free, secular primary education in the 1880s, uniform schooling countrywide has been part of the French way of doing things. The 19th-century instituteur, or schoolteacher, was a missionary figure, a guarantor of republican equality and norms. Teachers were trained in écoles normales. To this day, the mighty education ministry sets standardised curriculums and timetables. All 11-year-olds spend exactly four-and-a-half hours on maths a week. Experimentation is frequently regarded as suspect. “Classes are not laboratories,” noted a report by the conservative education inspectorate a few years ago, “and pupils are not guinea pigs.”

French education has long been run along almost military lines. An army of 880,000 teachers is deployed to schools across the country. Head teachers have no say in staffing. In the course of their careers, teachers acquire points that enable them to request reassignment. Newly qualified ones without such points are sent to the toughest schools, and turnover in such places is depressingly high.

Each year 50,000-60,000 people apply and just 900 are admitted. Léonard Aymard, originally from Annecy, was a tour guide when he applied. Loic Shety, from Dijon, won a place even though he lacked the school-leaving baccalauréat certificate. “It’s not for everyone,” says Mathilde Allard from Montpellier, “but we work together so we don’t get lost.”

When a university cannot take any more, those at schools nearby are supposed to be given priority, but such is the demand that places are increasingly being allocated through random selection by computer, known as tirage au sort, which this year affected 169 degree subjects across France. Ability is immaterial.

The lessons of his school, as well as of Descartes and Oran-Constantine, point a way for France to overcome the tyranny of normal in order to make more of what it does well and minimise what it does not.
français  school  explained  reportage  debate  future  learn  university  system 
october 2017 by aries1988
'You should consider our feelings': for Chinese students the state is an extension of family | Merriden Varrall

What is immediately notable is that while the student is not satisfied with his teacher’s position, he does not even attempt to deploy what he may consider to be relevant facts or rational counter-arguments to support his own case. He is not trying to draw on his understanding of history, or setting out what he might see to be the relevant details of the arrangements that currently influence the relationship between the mainland and the island.

This tendency to be easily offended taps into the narrative of “national humiliation” which many Chinese subscribe to – the idea that the outside world deliberately carved China up during the opium wars of the mid-1800s, leaving it weak and vulnerable. President Xi Jinping’s “China Dream” of rejuvenation is a direct response to this view.

Some Chinese people have explained to me that the tendency to take offence when an outsider comments on China in a way they perceive as a criticism stems from the idea the country and the family are conceptually conflated such that they are understood as deserving equal loyalty.

Officially, the status of Taiwan is a “core interest” for China. That is to say, most Chinese consider the idea that Taiwan is an indisputable part of China is sacrosanct. They learn it at school, and in almost everything they see and hear as they grow up. To them, Taiwan is a family member; that is why discussions about its sovereignty tend to be emotional. Many Chinese students find it difficult to articulate why they feel the way they do about Taiwan – particularly because they have not had much training in debating or critically arguing a point. And they find it impossible to fathom that foreigners cannot understand their position on Taiwan.
chinese  young  uk  student  gaijin  conflict  emotion  explained  education  taiwan  reflex  university  mentality  instapaper_favs 
september 2017 by aries1988
TV : « Le Génie des lieux : l’ENS, l’école de l’engagement »
Notre choix du soir. Dans une passionnante série documentaire, Antoine de Gaudemar nous ouvre les portes de trois temples du savoir européens (sur Arte à 0 h 00)
arte  tv  documentary  france  uk  swiss  university  education  spirit  comparison  elite 
july 2017 by aries1988
How to tackle terrorism, by Oxford university’s vice-chancellor
Richardson’s insight into the terrorist mindset goes well beyond academic expertise. As a teenager, she was a Republican sympathiser, attending meetings and adopting Gaelic as her first language. She “would have joined the IRA in a heartbeat”, she confessed in her 2006 book What Terrorists Want. Her sympathies were the result of growing up in rural Ireland where a Republican version of history was taught, which she questioned when she learnt a different version at Trinity College, Dublin.

Education is the best form of counteracting extremism, she says. She is not in favour of the “safe spaces” that have crept into UK universities. Students should be exposed to extreme views, even those of radical imams, in a space where orthodoxies can be challenged. “We are educating students to go into the real world where you are not protected from views you don’t like.”
education  home  interview  university  uk  terrorism 
july 2017 by aries1988
His Kampf

Was Hitchens’s critique of Christianity, he said, not as wan and naive as Christianity itself? Christianity had bound together the civilizations of Europe, and now Hitchens wanted to replace it with—well, what exactly? American neoliberal internationalism? Why should anyone care if Christianity was irrational and illiberal, when rationality and liberalism had never been its purpose? Hitchens had missed the point.

In his view, the Bush administration had manipulated the country into war. “Spreading democracy” and “freedom” are, Spencer said, false ideals, distracting Americans from what really matters—namely, a consciousness of their identity as whites with a shared Christian heritage.

In December, the hipster-Marxist magazine Jacobin published an online essay, “The Elite Roots of Richard Spencer’s Racism,” that sought to understand his white supremacy. “He represents a common and longstanding (if overlooked) phenomenon: the well-educated and financially comfortable bigot,” the author, Michael Phillips, wrote. “His blend of racism and elitism represents only an extreme version of a worldview that has long prevailed among the affluent in Spencer’s hometown.”

Among the German ideas he adopted was a concept of race different from the one he and I had been taught in our multicultural workshops in the ’90s. In the modern era, American discussion of race has limited itself, by convention, to a few canonical categories: black, white, Asian, American Indian, Hispanic. “Race isn’t just color,” Spencer told an audience in December. “Color is, in a way, a minor aspect of race.”

For Spencer, race is more akin to the German Volksgeist, literally “the spirit of a people.” Volksgeist is associated, historically, with Johann Gottfried von Herder (1744–1803), and Germans became enchanted with it during the 19th century. Some would say the Second World War was the culmination of German devotion to their own Volksgeist. Herder’s followers proposed that each people has an essence that distinguishes it from others.

As one who knew Spencer when we were both hapless, overprivileged adolescents, sharing a desire to transcend our origins, what interests me the most about him is his self-reinvention, the intellectual costume changes (foppish actor, grad-school blowhard, opera-director manqué, and now architect of a white utopian dream of world-historical consequence) spanning three decades. After all, it is said that one of the great advantages of America is that its daughters and sons can escape the strictures of the world in which they were raised, be unlike their forefathers. Spencer has certainly done that.
portrait  altright  leader  university  idea  opinion  religion  usa  west  african  racism  Philosophy  intelligentsia  nazi 
june 2017 by aries1988
High-pressure parenting
the habits of the British upper classes in much of the 20th century: the business of child-rearing was largely outsourced to nannies and boarding schools.

As the West industrialised and grew richer and medicine and sanitation improved, death rates fell. Maturing economies had less need of child labour, and more need of the labour of adult women – work which took them out of the home and reduced their ability to care for large broods. What’s more, as both survival rates and the returns on education rose, the imperative when having children shifted from quantity to quality. Investing more in children’s socialisation and education served the interests of both parents and offspring.

The right specialisation, it seemed, was for skilled parents to work outside the home, where they could earn lots of money, and then use some of that lucre to hire child-care professionals to rear the little ones.

Instead of increasingly outsourcing child-rearing, parents are devoting more of the scarce time left outside working hours to their children. Over the last two decades, time spent by parents on child-rearing has jumped.
Mothers without university degrees now spend about 16 hours per week on child care, while those with degrees spend nearly 22 hours per week. For fathers the figures are seven and ten, respectively. This pattern is repeated across the rich world.

High-income parents are instead spending less time on other personal activities, including sleep.

//

Getting ready for university was a big deal. But there was no urgency to get into the best school possible, whatever the cost. Rather, school was a practical step on the path toward a sturdy, dependable career. You went to university to learn, first and foremost: to pick up the skills needed to find a trade. And while it might be nice to go to an elite institution, state schools provided great value for money.

I didn’t have one, other than pride, and I wasn’t proud enough at the time to go to the trouble of applying to Ivy League schools. I wasn’t certain what I wanted to do when I grew up, and it seemed to me that to justify going someplace fancy one needed to want to do something that really required one to go to that someplace, whatever that something might be. My parents are accountants. I knew I didn’t want to do that, but not much else. I was good at maths, so I thought I would be an engineer. The state school nearby was strong in engineering, cheap and willing to offer me a scholarship. Job done.

//

the more wrenching and decisive those years immediately before matriculation seemed to become, the earlier and the more aggressively parents and children prepared their case for the admissions officers.

By the age of 17, children were expected to have lived a full and complete life, developed their whole selves and undergone one or more personal epiphanies.

The marathon ends with a sprint: a burst of intense preparation for placement tests and demanding university applications and interviews, at the end of which, if all goes right, the young ones are launched into the nurturing confines of a top university, which themselves are a waiting room for an adult life of consequence, a distinguished dotage and an obituary the envy of all the other strivers.

activities outside the realm of scholarship: the enriching spheres of athletics, personal interests and community service. The marathon ends with a sprint: a burst of intense preparation for placement tests and demanding university applications and interviews, at the end of which, if all goes right, the young ones are launched into the nurturing confines of a top university, which themselves are a waiting room for an adult life of consequence, a distinguished dotage and an obituary the envy of all the other strivers.

We can lament the problems with the system, but when the other parents bring out the flashcards, we feel bound to as well.

Efforts to pick apart the value added by the universities themselves find that there is some, but that elite schools are not, as a rule, the ones that do the best job improving students’ earning potential.

Parents are investing massive amounts of time preparing their children to win a race that cannot be won.

Like her father, she is disorganised and struggles to find the motivation to do tasks that don’t interest her. (My three-year-old son, on the other hand, is a determined perfectionist, like his mother.) I want to help teach them how to follow their passions, and how to strive for the things they want, rather than for empty markers of success. But I am discovering that I don’t know how to channel their personalities and interests towards a good, happy, fulfilled life any more than I knew what to do with myself, scared in that freshman dorm room. But I am discovering that I don’t know how to channel their personalities and interests towards a good, happy, fulfilled life any more than I knew what to do with myself, scared in that freshman dorm room.
university  history  trend  story  kid  moi  youth  future  success  education  parenting  children  comparison  today  usa 
march 2017 by aries1988
La compétition mondiale des universités
La rivalité entre grandes universités existe depuis le Moyen Age en Europe. Devenue planétaire, elle est dominée par les grandes institutions américaines et britanniques à la pointe de l'innovation, assurant le capital humain qui contribue à la croissance. Quels enjeux et quel rôle des [...]
comparison  français  uk  usa  education  university  numbers  policy  opinion  research  student  chinese  ranking 
january 2017 by aries1988
Over 22? Forget blaming others: success or failure is down to you
The difference between now and then is that students cannot afford to be frivolous. Tuition fees and living costs mean degrees are about employability not enjoyability. Students are consumers buying a product, assessing their lecturers. What is surprising about Mr Siddiqui’s claim is not that it is happening but that it is so rare. Whereas people used to go to therapy, in today’s compensation culture they go to court.

As JK Rowling, the Harry Potter author, said in her commencement speech at Harvard University in 2008: “There is an expiry date on blaming your parents for steering you in the wrong direction.” The same should be said of university.
university 
december 2016 by aries1988
不跳广场舞的日本老人为何关心中国政治?
段宏庆:在日本这个社会,老年人不跳广场舞,也不帮子女带小孩,那他们怎么打发日子?这使我十分好奇。
gaijin  story  japan  china  university  elders 
november 2016 by aries1988
How Helicopter Parenting Can Cause Binge Drinking
We didn’t need much help from our parents to do those things. Which meant that at night, we were free. And we did many dangerous things. Mothers were not yet against drunk driving; cheerful ladies did not give you condoms at school. It wasn’t an arcadia, and many times things went terribly wrong. But most of us survived.

Today, of course, all of that is different: Professional-class parents and their children are tightly bound to each other in the relentless pursuit of admission to a fancy college. A kid on that track can’t really separate from her parents, as their close involvement in this shared goal is essential. Replicating the social class across a generation is a joint project.

A teenager growing up in one of the success factories—the exceptional public high school in the fancy zip code, the prestigious private school—will oftentimes be a person whose life is composed of extremes: extreme studying, extreme athletics, extreme extracurricular pursuits, and extreme drinking. Binge drinking slots in neatly with the other, more obviously enhancing endeavors.

A binge drinker emerges from college both elevated and coarsened: educated enough to compete in the market and sullied enough by the hard knocks of binge drinking that he won’t be too shocked by what he finds there.

make too much consciousness hard for anyone to take.
essay  drinking  university  usa  parents  parenting  choice  debate  opinion  history  culture  sports  society  college 
august 2016 by aries1988
Made in Japan
Comment la pensée conservatrice se traduit-elle dans l'éducation et l'enseignement ? Quelles batailles idéologiques se jouent dans la…
japan  français  education  podcast  culture  university 
june 2016 by aries1988
The Reckoning
She played dead as the sound of gunshots reverberated around her, echoing off the red tile roofs and limestone walls. Dozens of students had run home to retrieve their deer rifles, and the echo of return fire rang out as they came back to take aim at the gunman.
killing  university  life  change  story  love  history  victim  trauma  usa  religion  guns  crime  reportage  psychology  texas  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988
The Economic Guide To Picking A College Major
There may also be a built-in risk premium: The energy industry is notorious for its boom-bust volatility, so there’s no guarantee that those newly minted petroleum engineers will still be pulling down six-figure salaries if oil prices suddenly crater.

In fact, there’s almost no correlation between how popular a major is and how lucrative it is. Psychology is far and away the most popular major despite paying a below-average median wage of $31,500. Highly paid engineering fields, meanwhile, are among the least popular fields of study.
data  ranking  university  job  choice  future  education  moi 
august 2015 by aries1988
姜建强 : 复旦宣传片,抄都没抄到精髓 _ 腾讯 · 大家
复旦的宣传片,不能说没有感动的瞬间,不能说没有铭人的细节,不能说没有自己的情节,但从品相上看,还是有挥之不去的意识形态的影子,还是有高大上的不可亲近性。怎么看,这位最后脱下头盔亮相的女主角,并不是一个完全的自由身,还是有被一种看不见的力量所束缚住的感觉。是精神?还是灵魂?总之还是不够自如,没有像精灵一样飞舞起来。但东大的那位女宇航员,就有像精灵一样飞舞的感觉。
from:rss  opinion  university  shanghai  tokyo 
june 2015 by aries1988
Teaching ‘Western Values’ in China

Chinese-style democratic meritocracy is the only viable alternative to liberal democracy, and I have front row seats to China’s experiment. What else could a political theorist ask for?

That said, I am in favor of free speech in universities. And my views are widely shared in Chinese academia: Whatever people say in public, I haven’t met a single Chinese intellectual — socialist, liberal or Confucian — who argues in private discussion for censorship of scholarly works. Censorship only serves to alienate intellectuals.
china  temoignage  intelligentsia  politics  university  freedom  expression  teaching  youth  chinese  challenge 
may 2015 by aries1988
L’inquiétant surendettement des étudiants américains
« Comme l’absence de Sécurité sociale, de congé maternité ou de régime de retraite, les études chères font partie de la culture américaine », estime, fataliste, Lesly Michals, dont deux des trois enfants seront étudiants à la rentrée prochaine. Installée en Californie, cette mère au foyer en instance de divorce s’est mise d’accord avec son ex-mari pour « faire des sacrifices ».
usa  university  money 
may 2015 by aries1988
L’éducation dans les méandres du capitalisme financier
Les universités françaises, fidèles à leur mission de service public, demeurent réticentes à l’idée de sélectionner les étudiants à l’entrée alors même que leurs moyens sont limités.

Améliorer le modèle économique des universités et des grandes écoles françaises sans marchandiser l’éducation et sans surendetter les étudiants, telle est l’équation complexe que la France est d’ores et déjà amenée à résoudre dans les prochaines années si elle veut conserver sa capacité à produire de l’innovation et à assurer sereinement et durablement l’une de ses principales promesses sociétales : l’éducation.

Les études supérieures coûtent de plus en plus chères, de 400 euros à l’université à 15 000 euros/an dans certaines grandes écoles (voire 30 000 dollars dans certaines universités américaines) sans que ce coût puisse d’ailleurs être jugé excessif eu égard au contenu de l’offre et aux modèles économiques sous-tendant ces formations.
france  education  university  money  crisis  student 
may 2015 by aries1988
New Young Puritans: students get serious - FT.com
At well past midnight, Reading university is fully awake. The midweek club night, known as Flirt, emits a dull thud of bass, and from time to time revellers…
school  university  study  student  mentality  success  comparison  today 
may 2015 by aries1988
Graduates Cautioned: Don’t Shut Out Opposing Views

And many speakers sought to shake graduates out of any complacency — deflating their egos a bit, reminding them how fortunate they are, lamenting persistent economic inequality, and urging them to work hard and pursue higher causes.

Mostly, they expressed disapproval, warning against political orthodoxy, and insisting that the principle of airing opposing views should have trumped whatever objections there were to the speakers. (Ms. Hirsi Ali was opposed for her denigration of Islam, Ms. Rice for her role in the Iraq war, Ms. Lagarde for the I.M.F.'s treatment of poor nations, and Mr. Birgeneau for Berkeley’s rough treatment of Occupy protesters.)

Speakers exhorted young people to take risks, court failure, and embrace uncertainty and change. They noted the growing importance of high-tech fields that have long embraced those values, and the growing influence of that culture on non-tech careers.
inspiring  speech  university  campus  youth 
july 2014 by aries1988
Americans Think We Have the World’s Best Colleges. We Don’t.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, for example, periodically administers an exam called PISA to 15-year-olds in 69 countries. While results vary somewhat depending on the subject and grade level, America never looks very good. The same is true of other international tests. In PISA’s math test, the United States battles it out for last place among developed countries, along with Hungary and Lithuania.

America’s perceived international dominance of higher education, by contrast, rests largely on global rankings of top universities. According to a recent ranking by the London-based Times Higher Education, 18 of the world’s top 25 universities are American. Similarly, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, published annually by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, gives us 19 of 25.
The project is called the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (known as Piaac, sometimes called “pee-ack”). In 2011 and 2012, 166,000 adults ages 16 to 65 were tested in the O.E.C.D. countries (most of Europe along with the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan and South Korea) and Cyprus and Russia.

Like PISA, Piaac tests people’s literacy and math skills. Because the test takers were adults, they were asked to use those skills in real-world contexts. They might, for example, be asked to read a news article and an email, each describing a different innovative method of improving drinking water quality in Africa, and identify the sentence in each document that describes a criticism common to both inventions. The test also included a measure of “problem-solving in technology-rich environments,” reflecting the nature of modern work.

Instead, Piaac suggests that the wide disparities of knowledge and skill present among American schoolchildren are not ameliorated by higher education. If anything, they are magnified.
research  education  university  numbers  usa 
june 2014 by aries1988
熄不熄灯谁说了算?
如果考察一下学生宿舍熄灯制度,会发现它来自一百多年前的“军国民教育”。这个理念,中国从日本引进,就是为了有足够力量抵御外侮,恨不得全民皆兵,所有学生哥招之即来来之能战,因此平时必然进行军事化管理,什么熄灯、晨练、检查内务,都是军事化管理的遗迹。
opinion  university 
november 2013 by aries1988
说给文科新生听的几句酸话
下大力气学好外语,也就是英语。多背,多写,注意细节。不要在英语都没有精熟的时候,就意气风发朝法语、德语挺进。你有语言天赋,早去CIA了。莫学林琴南,少玩辞章;宜从严几道,多读社科。昨天还有个学生问我如何了解美国文化,我说读《美国宪法》啊,她就以为我发错了消息……

旅行……怎么说呢,有钱的话,去铁岭这样的大城市走走,还是很赞的。能出国更好,周边的日本啊,柬埔寨啊,湾湾啊,这种带点沧桑的地方更佳,亲眼看看外面的世界是官窑造的,还是民窑造的。

饮食与作息……怎么说呢,反正我所在的大学,食堂至今很差,多油多盐,偶尔吃完还胃疼,极不健康。街边的黑暗料理呢?呵呵。吃点好的吧,多花钱,少摄入,珍惜粮食和饮用水。早起早睡(这也几乎是不可操作的),我现在就极度怀念高中的住校生活,每天9点半熄灯,6点15起床,俱往矣。到了我这把年纪,快三十五了,看着同学死了俩,同事死了俩,不敢不把身体当回事了。大四时,和室友打《太阁立志传V》,连着两天没睡觉,实在太疯狂了。人人网啊,豆瓣啊,微博啊,BBS啊,每天最好限定自己上多少时间。

风格呢……怎么说呢,底限是不要做文艺小清新。点一杯白猫洗洁精气味都没褪尽的卡布奇诺,临街一坐,就以为自己是林徽因、徐志摩了?徐志摩的英文很差很差,你知道吗?反正梁思成和金岳霖是知道的。如果你向往奢侈品——我至今记得一位女生看到我戴的卡地亚指环时两眼喷出的精光——冷静地问问自己,是不是内心不够强大,需要这些花里胡哨的玩意儿来支撑?我痛恨内心虚弱者!
advice  university  life 
september 2013 by aries1988
Liberal Education in Authoritarian Places
But his meaning of “freedom” seems elastic. “I have no trouble distinguishing between rights of academic freedom and rights of political expression,” he told Bloomberg News later that year. “These are two different things.” This was a startling statement, coming from a scholar of constitutional law. And along with the controversy over a stand-alone campus that N.Y.U. opened in Abu Dhabi in 2010, it contributed to Mr. Sexton’s rising unpopularity back home: the arts and science faculty, N.Y.U.’s largest, voted “no confidence” in him in March. Both overseas campuses were financed primarily with foreign subsidies.

Mr. Sexton seemed oblivious to the experiences of Johns Hopkins University, whose School of Advanced International Studies has a longstanding center in Nanjing, China, that has faced restrictions on political discussion: the halting of an on-campus public screening of a documentary about the Tiananmen Square uprising of 1989 and a ban on off-campus distribution of a journal started by an American student with articles by classmates.

But pretending that freedom of inquiry can be separated from freedom of expression is naïve at best, cynical at worst.

“In a host environment where free speech is constrained if not proscribed, faculty will censor themselves, and the cause of authentic liberal education, to the extent it can exist in such situations, will suffer,” the American Association of University Professors warned last year in a letter criticizing the Singapore venture. The letter posed 16 questions that Yale hasn’t answered; it won’t even disclose to its faculty the full terms of the Singapore deal.

At its best, a liberal education imbues future citizen-leaders with the values and skills that are necessary to question, not merely serve, concentrations of power and profit. Universities that abandon this ideal are lending their good names to the decline of liberal education; turning themselves into career-networking centers for a global managerial work force that answers to no republican polity or moral code; and cheapening the value of the diplomas they hand out, at home and abroad.
debate  idealism  today  university  usa 
september 2013 by aries1988
中国高校招生性别歧视现象严重 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
中国政法大学的一名行政人员,在教学办公室的电话中回答说,学校并没有基于性别的招生政策。在刑事司法学专业,她说,“女生的比例应当小于学生总数的15%,因为考虑到未来的职业发展”,但是女生的分数确实很出色,所以在实际操作中,招到的女生要高于这个比例。她拒绝透露姓名,也没有详细说明她的观点。

据中国的新闻报道,这类现象至少从2005年就开始了,用以应对不断提高的女大学生入学比例。女生在许多专业上超过男生,特别是语言类专业。

据《21世纪经济报道》引用的教育部数据,2004年女生占本科生总比例的43.8%,到2012年时上升到49.6%。

在硕士科目中,女生在2004年占44.1%,到2010年上升至50.3%。2010年博士研究生中的女生比例超过35.4%,高于2004年的31.3%。

今年7月,广州的《南方都市报》称,这种在招生中的歧视现象“极为明显”,称之为“男女有别”。

该报称,“中国政法大学理科女生投档线632分,男生投档线588分。”此外,还比较了其他院校的类似的例子。

该报指出,这类现象在警察或军事院校尤其根深蒂固,并且在语言类院校里也很常见。

据报道称,今年7月,上海外国语大学已经为希伯来语、阿拉伯语、乌克兰语、韩语及俄语专业的男性考生降低了投档线。

大学管理者们“认为阿拉伯国家不想和女人打交道”,熊婧说,“所以他们就增加女生考入阿语专业的难度”。阿拉伯语在中国的学校是一个小语种。
googlereader  university  china  female 
october 2012 by aries1988
日本高校国际化慢半拍 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
东京大学(The University of Tokyo)是日本最好的高校,14100名本科生中只有53名参加了2011年的国际交换项目,占总人数的0.4%。

东京的另一所知名高校庆应义塾大学(Keio University),在2010年输出133名本科生到国外,占总人数29000人的0.45%。
googlereader  japan  university 
october 2012 by aries1988
美国高中流行“聪明药” - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
尽管这些药物通常会使ADHD患者平静下来,非患者却发现,一粒药丸就可以让他们聚精会神,整晚开夜车做功课之后,还能在考试的时候保持清醒。“就好像它帮你把功课都做了一样
http://www.instapaper.com/read/356632190
googlereader  education  medicament  university 
september 2012 by aries1988
拆迁大学等于摧毁文化
拆迁大学在历史上并非没有先例,不过都非同小可
china  university  culture  today 
march 2011 by aries1988

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