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1999:大使馆的血、北京的游行,与世纪之交的中国知识分子|深度|端传媒 Initium Media

出生于毛时代后期的一代人,少年时代的文化生活并不丰富,从冷战中社会主义阵营引进的为数不多的译制片,被视作珍宝。游击队电影在1980年代进入中国,因其叙事节奏快、故事复杂,区别于早年引入的社会主义电影的情节扁平、人物刻板,受到热烈欢迎。男孩们在课后扮演《瓦尔特保卫萨拉热窝》(Valter brani Sarajevo)电影中游击队员的角色,想象着像里面的英雄一样牺牲。他们乐此不疲地对接着暗号:“请给我放大一张我表妹的照片!”,“空气在颤抖,仿佛天空在燃烧!”“是啊!暴风雨就要来了”……那些电影塑造了一代人的记忆,让他们对南斯拉夫有着童年乡愁般的亲近感。

“如果放在具体的历史语境中,我想当时的情感体验跟客观现实之间是有一定距离的”,二十年后再回溯,黄纪苏认为,“国际社会如何对人道主义灾难进行干涉是一个值得深入讨论的问题。但在当时,无论是南斯拉夫,还是美国,都是作为符号进入了中国人的情感经验”。

现任教于中央戏剧学院戏文系的赵志勇1999年正在武汉大学读书,武汉没有美国领事馆,只有位于汉口的法国领事馆,他记得他的同学走几小时路到法国领事馆示威,一位同学鞋子走坏了,光着脚从汉口走了回来。

王炎也认为,1999年大使馆被炸事件标志着民族主义不再被国家所垄断,它开始成为具有高度能动性的民众力量——尽管它不一定总是正面的。

“主权与人权之辩”是科索沃战争在全球知识界开启的重要问题
以哈贝马斯为代表的“人权派”支持北约对发生在科索沃的种族清洗进行人道主义干涉,而以乔姆斯基( Noam Chomsky)为代表的“主权派”则批判美国为首的利益集团重塑后冷战时代新世界秩序的野心。

当“美国”取代了“工人阶级”,成为了活跃于全球化时代的中国左翼绕不开的问题,他们如何弥合民族主义情感结构下的主权国家视角,与共产主义运动历史中“无产阶级没有祖国”式的国际主义情感结构?

在资本主义穿透一切的时代,后冷战时代的自由主义意识形态视“主权”为最大的障碍——“人权”话语经常扮演着后冷战时期中心地带对边缘地带的掠夺工具。“国际主义”改弦更张被新自由主义经济秩序所接管,而参与这套天罗地网般的经济秩序,又只能以主权国家为单位。后发国家的左翼在对抗这套经济秩序,捍卫边缘国家在这套游戏规则中不成为中心国家经济上的殖民地时,似乎不得不站稳主权国家的位置。

二十年后的今天,中美贸易战打响,美国垄断的信息秩序对中国民族资本的封锁,再度点燃了从知识界到民间的反美民族主义情绪。
politics  left  chinese  2009  history  usa  imperialism  marxism  nationalism  anti-american 
20 days ago by aries1988
‘Overrun,’ ‘Outbred,’ ‘Replaced’: Why Ethnic Majorities Lash Out Over False Fears - The New York Times
That dynamic, sometimes known as a majority with a minority complex, is thought to be a major factor in the rise of right-wing populism in Europe, religious nationalism in Asia, and white nationalist terrorism in the United States and New Zealand.

When communal tensions broke out into the outright fighting known as the Troubles in the late 1960s, Northern Ireland’s Protestants were numerically, politically and economically dominant. But they were a minority on the island as a whole, feeding a sense of demographic peril.

Fears of existential, sectarian conflict can be self-realizing.

“more negative attitudes toward Latinos, blacks, and Asian-Americans” and “more automatic pro-white/anti-minority bias.”
rightwing  race  population  birth  usa  europe  banyan  crisis  genocide 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
White Privilege Is Real, but Well-Meaning White Liberals Are Helping to Perpetuate It - Quillette

with progressive ideology. A system that disadvantages blacks, immigrants, Hispanics or Muslims comes to be imagined as a machine operated by an omnipotent white god.

Liberals tend to believe in a kind of reverse white exceptionalism: that whites, in contrast to every other ethnic and racial group, should suppress their communal identity because it’s linked to a system of racial inequality. They seek to deconstruct white identity as an ideological construct designed to maintain power. Cultural conservatives, by contrast, consider whites a group like any other—attached to particular myths, symbols and memories—which should be able to express its identity and interests without fear of censure.

Rather than imagining a world of conflicting groups in which whites oppress non-whites, we should think of white privilege as a complex structure which all people of all races and ethnicities bear some responsibility for. Instead of adopting a simple minded narrative which demonises white identity and casts white people as the villains, we should encourage the whole of society to work collaboratively to reduce system bias.
contrarian  conservatism  usa  race  racism  stereotype  policy  opinion  caucasian  society 
april 2019 by aries1988
Audio: I went to a Shen Yun show. Here's what I saw | 89.3 KPCC
Five dance troupes accompanied by live orchestras travel the world simultaneously so that Shen Yun shows are often taking place the same week on different continents.  The show is bringing in millions of dollars during its month-long spin through Southern California, helping to offset the hundreds of thousands of dollars that the company is spending on advertising and renting top venues like the Microsoft Theater, according to Gene Del Vecchio, a USC adjunct professor of marketing.
history  sect  chinese  usa 
january 2019 by aries1988
The Parable of the Hanukkah Scolds (With a Lesson for Non-Jews, Too)
Gift giving is thought to be a holdover from Roman winter festivals. Santa Claus is a Greek saint who got garbled into something very different by medieval Dutch and English folk culture. The reindeer are from Finland. Jesus and his early followers would probably find the traditional Christmas ham to be just as shocking and un-Christian as the elves in the North Pole.

It’s one of the most persistent myths about how identity works: that there is some true core version — of Hanukkah, of Jewishness, of Americanness — constantly at risk of foreign contamination. But there is no pure core. It’s foreign contamination all the way through.

But just because identity is made up -- a more formal phrase is "socially constructed" -- doesn't make it meaningless.
jewish  identity  usa  conflict  opinion  christmas  children  tradition 
january 2019 by aries1988
British Political Chaos, Explained for Chrissy Teigen (and for Americans in General)
This is not to say that polarization is good, but the non-polarization of this issue, and the composition of party politics, has paralyzed both parties on the matter. And both parties are internally fractured on what to do, making it even harder for either to act.

When you talk to people here, whether they support Brexit or oppose it, they tend to evince a decidedly un-British optimism about what leaving the European Union will mean. Often, it seems to begin with the assumption that Britain is still a great power, that the world needs Britain more than Britain needs the world.
uk  politics  usa  democracy  crisis  2018 
december 2018 by aries1988
How to Watch “Crazy Rich Asians” Like an Asian-American | The New Yorker
Jiayang Fan writes about the film “Crazy Rich Asians,” directed by Jon M. Chu, starring Henry Golding and Constance Wu, and based on the book by Kevin Kwan.
movie  chinese  usa  2018 
november 2018 by aries1988
Why Are Americans Still Uncomfortable with Atheism?

Lack of belief in God is still too often taken to mean the absence of any other meaningful moral beliefs, and that has made atheists an easy minority to revile. This is especially true in America, where an insistence on the idea that we are a Christian nation has tied patriotism to religiosity, leading to such strange paroxysms as the one produced by President Trump at last year’s Values Voter Summit: “In America, we don’t worship government—we worship God.”

the national prejudice against them long predates Daniel Seeger and his draft board. It has its roots both in the intellectual history of the country and in a persistent anti-intellectual impulse: the widespread failure to consider what it is that unbelievers actually believe.

From John Locke they inherited the idea that atheists cannot be good citizens and should not be brought into the social contract; in “A Letter Concerning Toleration,” Locke had written, “Those are not at all to be tolerated who deny the being of a God.”

Two centuries after the Founders wrote a godless constitution, the federal government got religion: between 1953 and 1957, a prayer breakfast appeared on the White House calendar, a prayer room opened in the Capitol, “In God We Trust” was added to all currency, and “under God” was inserted into the Pledge of Allegiance.

Like saying “God bless you” when someone sneezes, the courts concluded, these “under God”s and “In God We Trust”s are innocuous; they belong to the realm of patriotism, not prayer.

Much of the animosity and opprobrium directed at nonbelievers in America comes from the suspicion that those who do not believe in God could not possibly believe in anything else, moral or otherwise.

Unlike the linguist—and new atheist—Steven Pinker, Gray regards the idea that the world is getting better as self-evidently silly. “The cumulative increase of knowledge in science has no parallel in ethics or politics,” he points out. Religions are still thriving, as are wars between them, and secular regimes have wrought as much, if not more, havoc under the auspices of Jacobinism, Bolshevism, Nazism, and Maoism.
religion  law  usa  american  mentality  politics  atheism 
october 2018 by aries1988
销量排行:电子书 - 亚马跌
本页展示各国亚马逊销量前十名,数据来自官方 RSS,未作修改,点击标签切换。各国销量排行有什么用?可参考《如何看待各国亚马逊销量排行》。
list  sales  amazon  book  china  usa  reading 
october 2018 by aries1988
“First Man,” Reviewed: Damien Chazelle’s Neil Armstrong Bio-Pic Is an Accidental Right-Wing Fetish Object | The New Yorker

First Man is worthy of enduring as a right-wing fetish object. It is a film of deluded, cultish longing for an earlier era of American life, one defined not by conservative politics but, rather, by a narrow and regressive emotional perspective that shapes and distorts the substance of the film.

the movie doesn’t stint on the distinctive Americanism of the action onscreen (including, in a scene of Armstrong ascending from the ground to the capsule of Apollo 11 in an elevator, a point-of-view shot that reveals, majestically, the words United States painted, vertically, on the side of the very tall rocket).

In its explicit content, and by artful omission, First Man subscribes to the misbegotten political premise that America used to be greater—and that the liberating and equalizing activism of the sixties ignored, dismissed, and even undermined that greatness.
critic  movie  rightwing  astronaut  nasa  society  usa  american  hollywood  hero  family  personality  children  death  moon  opinion  1960s 
october 2018 by aries1988
The US is hunkering down for a new cold war with China | Financial Times
If this were simply a matter of rhetoric, or the trash talk of campaigns, it could be discounted. Instead, the approach reflects a serious emerging strategy to confront China. The outlines of this clash are unfolding piecemeal, without the benefit of core strategic documents like George Kennan’s Long Telegram or Paul Nitze’s NSC-68 policy paper that crystallised US strategy in the first cold war. But it is informed by a considered diagnosis of China’s ambitions and actions during recent decades.

Mr Pence says China’s comprehensive “influence operation” is “rewarding or coercing” American businesses, movie studios, universities, think-tanks, journalists, and government officials and targeting activities in specific congressional districts. Mr Pence concludes that “what the Russians are doing pales in comparison to what China is doing”.
2018  usa  china 
october 2018 by aries1988
In Defense of Empire - The Atlantic
From Rome’s widespread offer of citizenship to its subject peoples, to France’s offer of a measure of equality to fluent Francophone Africans, to Britain’s arrangement of truces among the Yemeni tribes, to the epic array of agricultural and educational services provided by the Europeans throughout their tropical domains—Britain’s Indian Civil Service stands out—imperialism and enlightenment (albeit self-interested) have often been inextricable.

That, I submit, would be a policy direction that internalizes both the drawbacks and the benefits of imperialism, not as it has been conventionally thought of, but as it has actually been practiced throughout history.
usa  today  world  empire  opinion  politics  order 
october 2018 by aries1988
Korean 101 (or, How to Win Over Your Girlfriend in a Semester or Less) – BLARB
Like many Asian women in their homelands or abroad, Garam spoke to her mother on the phone daily, which let me learn about her family by osmosis.
learn  korean  usa  gaijin  family 
october 2018 by aries1988
Soju, Beer Pong, and the Romance of Cultural Exchange (or the Cultural Exchange of Romance) – BLARB
As Garam introduced me to Korean food gradually during that first semester, I acquired a taste for the fundamentals. The first meal, and the one we would share most often thereafter at the circular table in her kitchen, centered around dwenjang jigae (된장 찌개), a heartier version of the miso soup you would find in a Japanese restaurant. She served it with rice, a stack of business-card-sized seaweed papers, soy sauce, and a small mound of kimchi. When I saw her meal laid out on the table in eight small dishes for two people, I became ashamed and defensive about my first attempt to cook for her: a deluxe frozen DiGiorno’s pizza. (But it was deluxe!)

Garam was impressed with my chopstick skills, which she claimed were better than hers. I held the chopsticks so they formed a V shape, whereas she held them so they formed an X. She also explained that, while Japanese use cylindrical chopsticks and Chinese use square chopsticks, Koreans use flat ones.
korea  food  usa  love  story  tradition  drinking  home 
october 2018 by aries1988
The future was now at the 1939 World's Fair – and it is still awesome | Aeon Videos
From the perspective of the 21st century, it’s hard to imagine what a marvel the 1939-1940 New York World’s Fair would have been to its visitors. Still living in the heavy shadow of the stock market crash of 1929, the many people who flocked to the big exhibition found not only bounteous luxuries such as free Coca-Cola, but the unveiling of unthinkable new technologies that promised that a better world lay ahead. Using sparkling, rare, colour film footage – itself a brand-new technology at the time – the US director Amanda Murray mines the memories of several people who attended the New York World’s Fair in 1939.
worldfair  usa  childhood  memory  modernity  technology  newyork  movie  interview 
august 2018 by aries1988
作为一个中产阶级,我对国家有哪些不满意
我的文章,很多上面的人都能看到,有的在内部刊物发表,有的被相关领导批示过,也有政府部门联系过我,还有智库针对我的文章发表过评论。所以这一篇,我也希望能被看到。这一篇讲下,作为一个看好国家前途的中产阶…
opinion  city  middle-class  comparison  usa  china  lifestyle 
august 2018 by aries1988
Bear Cam’s Captivating, Unedited Zen

Apart from that, the feed is unedited. And so even watching on a computer screen has the serendipitous feeling of catching a glimpse of wildlife out the window, rather than the on-demand control of queueing up the next episode of guaranteed glamorous sightings. Apart from that, the feed is unedited. And so even watching on a computer screen has the serendipitous feeling of catching a glimpse of wildlife out the window, rather than the on-demand control of queueing up the next episode of guaranteed glamorous sightings.

One day, I opened the cam and saw blond cubs napping and nuzzling in the sun on the riverbank—the delight took on a duller cast as soon as I realized I’d navigated to the “Highlights” feeds, and was not watching live footage.
usa  animal  live  video  summer  fishing  fun  nature  wildlife  zen 
august 2018 by aries1988
马里兰没有北京烤鸭店_易速利_新浪博客
不管小说中或者实际生活中,华人仍然基本自成体系。我们的生活戏剧中不太需要白人、黑人、印度人、犹太人、拉丁人扮演重要角色,我们只是上下班经过美国。我们的生存状态或许就跟《纽约时报》本周发表的书评标题一样,“Neither Here Nor There”。他乡难成故乡,故乡已成他乡。
usa  gaijin  chinese  sigh 
july 2018 by aries1988
这是今年最犀利的演讲:国家命运与个人命运
我认为,马克思在一百多年前的一些关于资本主义发展的具体结论有些时空的局限性,但马克思主义的基本原理是正确的,那就是生产力决定生产关系、经济基础决定上层建筑。美国经济结构的变化决定社会结构变化,也一定决定着美国政治利益、国家核心利益的变化。

从这个意义上讲,即便特朗普两年或者六年后下台,美国也不会因为更换总统而在战略上改变对中国的基本立场。这是我的一个基本看法。

经济全球化时代国家间竞争的本质是什么?二十几年前我就提出是制度竞争,即看谁的制度安排更有利于经济增长和发展。因此,改革那些阻碍创新的制度安排,创建更加包容、可以自主经营、自主选择和自主流动的现代市场经济体系是至关重要的。

欧洲人出口的是古老的贵族文明积淀下来的审美,几乎所有的奢侈品都来自欧洲。审美是一种历史积淀,前提是一个国家历史、文化的连续性。

这个话题其实是很沉重的,在此我只想谈谈自己的体会。对个人而言,审美是一种品质和修养。一个审美能力低下的民族不仅素养、品格不高,道德水准也会有问题。

一个人做好自己每一个人生阶段中应该做好的事情,把自己喜欢做的事情尽可能地做到极致甚至像清教徒那样对待自己喜欢的职业并愿意为此努力一生,你就是一个具有使命感的人。所谓工匠精神,本质上与这种对职业的敬畏和使命感的理解与坚守密不可分。
talk  china  usa  economy  today  opinion  youth  self  patriotism  advice  2018  trump 
july 2018 by aries1988
霍夫施塔特:美国自由主义的主要诠释者
“对我来说,迪克是学者型知识分子的典范,我试着向他学习……他工作很努力,想写出好书,但他完全没有那种经常被称为美国人成功源泉的烦人的咄咄逼人姿态。他谦虚、善良,但最重要的是,他不把自己强加于别人之上,而这似乎是知识分子特有的毛病。霍夫施塔特树立了一个可能具有道德教育意义的榜样。即使他在沉默时也能给人带来助益。”
usa  intelligentsia  ww2  book  liberalism 
july 2018 by aries1988
I’m Tom Chan and This Is How I Mesh | Another Fine Mesh
Tecplot and Pointwise bookend the simulation process – Pointwise on the pre-processing side and Tecplot on the post-processing end. We have worked with the folks at Pointwise for many years and have many joint customers.

What do you see are the biggest challenges facing CFD in the next 5 years?

LES

What is some of the best CFD advice you’ve ever received?

Avoid the “black box” syndrome – don’t blindly depend on automated “black box” techniques.

Our customers are some of the smartest, most experienced engineers in the world. They work hard year after year, developing a deep knowledge of their craft. The experience and intuition they acquire can never be replaced by a “black box.”

But, much can be done to help engineers with the more tedious and tiresome tasks, which would give them more time for analysis and digging deeper into their research and designs.
tecplot  interview  cfd  fun  vietnam  chinese  usa 
june 2018 by aries1988
因为这部美剧,就是现实世界的乌托邦

分手之后依然可以做朋友。分手之后依然可以做朋友。
朋友之间有规则,且绝对坦诚。
胖女孩也能逆袭。
父母在孩子面前不避讳谈论性。
忘年交受到祝福。
当你有话想说时,永远有人愿意倾听。
无论你对爱情如何绝望,你都不会真的孤独终老。
即使你为弟弟代孕,帮助同性恋朋友形婚,你依然能够找到真爱。
没有避孕套,绝对不上床。
不管你的梦想有多荒谬,永远有人支持你。
你可以和所爱的人们生活在一起,没有各种传统社会规范的 judge。
没有人会指指点点你为什么不结婚,为什么不生小孩,为什么没有正经工作,为什么永远长不大。
你只要开心就好。
from:rss  tv  moi  usa  love  friendship  friends  cult  1990s 
may 2018 by aries1988
The Deep Pleasures of Neil Gaiman’s “American Gods” Audiobook
Talia Lavin reviews the audiobook of “American Gods,” Neil Gaiman’s sprawling, compelling novel.
book  fiction  usa  god 
may 2018 by aries1988
linsantu 5月27日 22:05 来自 微博

美国目前的教派势力图。最显眼的三家:红色天主教,蓝色美南浸会,土黄色摩门教。
usa  religion  today  numbers  list 
may 2018 by aries1988
Ballasting the US-China Relationship - John Pomfret & Paul Pickowicz | China 21
Historian Paul Pickowicz interviews acclaimed author John Pomfret about patterns in the long history of US-China relations, and how it informs the controversies in the current moment of Sino-American relations ranging from the impact of Chinese students on US universities, Xi Jinping’s end to presidential term limits, and trade and business relations.
podcast  book  usa  china  history  today  politics  leader  people 
april 2018 by aries1988
Understanding China’s Rise Under Xi Jinping -- By The Honourable Kevin Rudd
the territorial expanse of the Chinese Empire virtually doubled, occupying some 10 per cent of the world’s land area, 30 percent of the world’s population, and 32 percent of the world’s economy.
Nonetheless, for those who are professionally charged with interpreting China’s future, as you are in this great military academy, it means that we must also take time to understand China’s past. To understand how China perceives the world around it. And to understand how it now perceives its own national destiny in the turbulent world of the 21st century.

# Xi’s Political Authority

there is the personality of Xi Jinping himself as a source of political authority. For those who have met him and had conversations with him, he has a strong intellect, a deep sense of his country’s and the world’s history, and a deeply defined worldview of where he wants to lead his country. Xi Jinping is no accidental president. It’s as if he has been planning for this all his life.

# Xi Jinping’s View of the Party

The Communist Party would continue, therefore, as an unapologetically Leninist party for the future.

China’s historical greatness, across its dynastic histories, lay in a strong, authoritarian hierarchical Confucian state.

# Seven Core Priorities

China’s emerging worldview, in my own estimation, is best understood as a set of seven concentric circles.

## The Party

## National Unity

From Beijing’s perspective, Tibet, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Taiwan represent a core set of security interests. Each within itself represents a confluence of external and internal security factors.

## The Economy and Environmental Sustainability

Indeed, the systematic treatment of the environment as simply an “economic externality” to the Chinese development process led to wholesale environmental destruction. China is now paying the price.

## China’s Neighbouring States - Securing China’s Continental Periphery across Eurasia

Historically, they’ve been the avenue through which China’s national security has been threatened, resulting in successive foreign invasions.
The failure of the Great Wall of China to provide security from foreign invasion is a classic case in point.

## China’s Maritime Periphery - East Asia and the West Pacific

Xi Jinping has made plain he does not see China’s role as simply replicating the current US-led liberal international order for the future.
China has consistently said that this was an order created by the Western, victorious, and by-and-large colonial powers after the Second World War.
australia  origin  history  usa  world  china  future  sinology  politics  diplomacy  analysis  xi  thinking 
march 2018 by aries1988
'Charlottesville': A Government Story About Nuclear War - The Atlantic

Charlottesville, the small but elegant center of learning, culture, and trade in central Virginia, was not hit either. This monument to the mind and manner of Jefferson retained its status as a kind of genteel sanctuary, momentarily immune to the disaster that had leveled the cities of the nation.
scifi  history  nuclear  war  usa  government  life  explained  policy  survive 
february 2018 by aries1988
Millennials Are Screwed - The Huffington Post
There are millions of Scotts in the modern economy. “A lot of workers were just 18 at the wrong time,” says William Spriggs, an economics professor at Howard University and an assistant secretary for policy at the Department of Labor in the Obama administration. “Employers didn’t say, ‘Oops, we missed a generation. In 2008 we weren’t hiring graduates, let’s hire all the people we passed over.’ No, they hired the class of 2012.”
today  youth  housing  millennials  politics  usa  numbers  statistics  workforce 
february 2018 by aries1988
The Complicated History of Hoop Skirts - Racked
Despite Amelia Bloomer’s complacence, dress reform was just getting started; its juggernaut wouldn’t soar in earnest until World War I. Still, a compassionate, empathetic analysis of material culture demands that we abandon the outside view, the privilege of hindsight, to fully inhabit our forebears’ mores. The cage crinoline, imperfect and incrementalist as it was, signaled cultural changes all the more daring for their apparent frivolity. Women always have, and always will, asserted themselves through the avenues available to them. If the master’s tools cannot dismantle the master’s house, perhaps his clothes can do the job.
clothing  female  history  usa 
february 2018 by aries1988
History of the calendar from Julius Caesar to Pope Gregory XIII to Colonial America - The Washington Post
Effectively, this was the beginning of verifiable time in the West. Historians can fix nearly exactly any event that occurred after Jan. 1, 45 B.C., after some adjustment calculations. Anything before demands a lot of guesswork.
history  calendar  europe  usa  culture  fun 
january 2018 by aries1988
Twitter
RT : Literally every French person listening to this week and realizing is featured: 😍 'Becomi…
comedy  humor  adventure  american  usa  français  france  comparison  podcast 
january 2018 by aries1988
Apple and Shazam sing the same tune
The core audio-recognition software itself was created in Silicon Valley by Avery Wang, a specialist in digital signal processing with a PhD in electrical engineering from Stanford University.

Mr Wang was sitting in a café in Palo Alto in 2000 when he came up with the breakthrough technique for identifying a song from recordings, even with low-quality phone microphones and background noise. 

His original patent, filed in 2001 jointly with his Stanford professor Julius Smith, for a “system and methods for recognising sound and music signals in high noise and distortion” remains a foundational part of Shazam’s technology and intellectual property portfolio. 

Mr Wang is the only one of Shazam’s four co-founders still working at the company. After he joins Apple, along with the rest of Shazam’s research and development team in Silicon Valley’s Redwood City, the iPhone maker will have fresh capabilities not only in music identification but the ability to recognise a wide range of audio signals, from TV and movies to the sound of people laughing or clapping.

“Apple isn’t buying Shazam for music. Instead, Shazam is an augmented-reality play,” Neil Cybart, an Apple analyst, said in his Above Avalon email newsletter on Monday.

US companies, he adds, have been more successful at commercialisation and scaling up a new technology than their British counterparts. “What we are really good at in this country is innovation and creativity. We should try to play to our strengths and be willing to partner or sell out to US companies.”
usa  uk  music  innovation  app  mobile  2017  apple  technology 
december 2017 by aries1988
« C’est devenu compliqué d’être un homme »

La drague, le flirt, la séduction obéissaient aux mêmes codes qui les avaient régis depuis la nuit des temps (approche, sourires, beaux habits, beaux discours, recherche du point de contact – physique, sentimental ou intellectuel) à la seule différence que le chemin vers l’arrivée (un baiser, une caresse) était sans doute plus bref.

J’ai en mémoire cette fameuse phrase de Roland Barthes à propos du langage dans sa leçon inaugurale au Collège de France (1977) : « Le fascisme, ce n’est pas d’empêcher de dire mais d’obliger de dire. » On en est là, non ?

J’attends à présent que mes petits-enfants grandissent pour les emmener au cinéma. Et si jamais James Bond doit envoyer deux SMS et trois e-mails pour obtenir le consentement d’une James Bond Girl, si Han Solo doit se mettre aux genoux de la princesse Leia pour un baiser, si Indiana Jones doit ranger son fouet, bref si on doit en arriver là, je leur passerai les DVD des vieux films. Vaillant et entêté, je résisterai sur mon petit îlot battu par les flots.
essay  france  usa  female  movement  movie  sex  sexism  opinion  censorship 
december 2017 by aries1988
书写者何江:关于一本不存在之书的推荐和版本学研究

对于这些修改,我不太同意喜欢。究其原因,并不是因为我觉得何江写得不对或者不应该这样写,而是近几年的这个国家的政治走向,让我对这样一种“中国梦”的歌颂式的调子的本能的怀疑。也许何江的家庭和村庄的确在最近几年中日新月异,天翻地覆,而我的下意识总觉得“这些对于威权政府的赞美令人可疑”,“为什么他不提提留守儿童问题呢?”,“为什么他没有提到农民工问题呢?”。我受到的自由化的教育让我觉得:一个知识分子的良知理应让作者带有批判意识的看待问题,而不是去附和/加强一种意识形态下的主流观念。想到这里,我就意识到,我这种批评本身其实就局限于自己的背景和阶级的。只有一个城市中产阶级,才会凡事都本能地对当权者产生怀疑。而只有一个受过高等教育训练的人,才会把评判精神当作是良知的一部分。
usa  chinese  china  countryside  childhood  book 
december 2017 by aries1988
China’s mixed messages to working women

Nearly half of Chinese women enrol in tertiary education, compared with less than 40 per cent of men, according to the World Bank. While there is a gender gap in the workforce (63 per cent of women work versus 78 per cent of men) that difference is smaller than that in the US (56 per cent of women versus 76 per cent of men).

“We need companies on our side so we are not forcing our message down people’s throats,” said Virginia Tan, the co-founder of China’s first Lean In community. She left her job as a corporate lawyer two years ago to run Lean In China full time. “For us, it is a focus on personal professional development, innovation and investing in female talent, which are all in line with China’s national agenda.”
female  workplace  china  numbers  comparison  usa 
december 2017 by aries1988
The Interpreter
(1) It’s over. We failed. North Korea is a nuclear power now.
2017  korea  asia  crisis  usa  war  nuclear  military  success 
november 2017 by aries1988
The French Origins of “You Will Not Replace Us”

He sees immigration as one aspect of a nefarious global process that renders obsolete everything from cuisine to landscapes. “The very essence of modernity is the fact that everything—and really everything—can be replaced by something else, which is absolutely monstrous,” he said.

When Benoist writes that “humanity is irreducibly plural” and that “diversity is part of its very essence,” he is not supporting the idea of a melting pot but of diversity in isolation

These disciples, instead of calling for an “Islamic holocaust,” can argue that rootedness in one’s homeland matters, and that immigration, miscegenation, and the homogenizing forces of neoliberal market economies collude to obliterate identities that have taken shape over hundreds of years—just as relentless development has decimated the environment. Benoist’s romantic-sounding ideas can be cherry-picked and applied to local political resentments.

Faye, like Renaud Camus, is appalled by the dictates of modern statecraft, which define nationality in legal rather than ethnic terms.

Camus lamenting that “a veiled woman speaking our language badly, completely ignorant of our culture” could declare that she is just as French as an “indigenous” man who is “passionate for Roman churches, and for the verbal and syntactic delicacies of Montaigne and Rousseau, for Burgundy wines, for Proust, and whose family has lived for generations in the same valley.” What appalls Camus, Polakow-Suransky notes, is that “legally, if she has French nationality, she is completely correct.”

This is true, but there is always a threshold at which a quantitative change becomes qualitative; migration was far less extensive in the Middle Ages than it is today. French liberals can surely make a case for immigration without pretending that nothing has changed: a country that in 1900 was almost uniformly Catholic now has more than six million Muslims.

Yet feminism, Starbucks, the smartphone, the L.G.B.T.Q. movement, the global domination of English, EasyJet, Paris’s loss of centrality in Western cultural life—all of these developments have disrupted what it means “to be French.” The problem with identitarianism isn’t simply that it is nostalgic; it’s that it fixates on ethnicity to the exclusion of all else.
interview  usa  islam  muslim  france  français  intelligentsia  book  debate  population  race  altright  culture  identity  liberalism 
november 2017 by aries1988
An American Secret — Hidden Brain

All countries have national myths. The story of the first Thanksgiving, for example, evokes the warm glow of intercultural contact: European settlers, struggling to survive in the New World, and Native American tribes eager to help. As many of us learned in history class, this story leaves a lot out. This week on Hidden Brain, we explore a national secret: that from the time Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World until 1900, there were as many as five million Native American people enslaved. We’ll learn about this history, and the psychological forces that kept it unexamined for so long.
usa  history  slavery  memory  psychology 
november 2017 by aries1988
Sleeper hit: travelling across America via Amtrak’s trains

Trains were once the most romantic means of travel. They changed our perception of distance, shrinking and expanding the world while offering a moving window on to the grandeur of its landscapes.
travel  train  story  usa  history  american 
november 2017 by aries1988
Excavating Food Waste in Nashville, Denver, and New York - CityLab
Denverites trashed the most edible food—about 7.5 pounds per household each week—followed by New York (5.4 pounds) and then Nashville (4.6 pounds). Overall, these sums are lower than previous estimates from ReFED, a consortium of food-centric organizations, which placed the weekly figure around 11.6 pounds per household.

1 pound = 0.453 kg
city  usa  trash  food  numbers 
november 2017 by aries1988
The First Time I Met Americans - The New York Times
Children 16 and younger were evacuated to the countryside, separated from their parents. It was not so different from the experiences of British children in London in 1940, but the children of Hanoi endured all of this much longer — from 1964 to 1973 — and our life during wartime was tougher.

I didn’t think we would win a victory like my father’s generation had at Dien Bien Phu, and I also understood that the Americans were many times stronger than the French. But I strongly believed, as did most of my comrades, what President Ho had told us many times — that eventually the United States would give up and go home.

I don’t know the overall survival statistics, but out of the 25 boys from my high school who went to war, 11 were killed. Of the three young men from my apartment building in Hanoi who enlisted with me, I was the only one to return.
story  soldier  vietnam  war  1970s  american  literature  usa 
november 2017 by aries1988
Have You Ever Tried to Sell a Diamond? - The Atlantic
De Beers proved to be the most successful cartel arrangement in the annals of modern commerce. While other commodities, such as gold, silver, copper, rubber, and grains, fluctuated wildly in response to economic conditions, diamonds have continued, with few exceptions, to advance upward in price every year since the Depression. Indeed, the cartel seemed so superbly in control of prices -- and unassailable -- that, in the late 1970s, even speculators began buying diamonds as a guard against the vagaries of inflation and recession.

To stabilize the market, De Beers had to endow these stones with a sentiment that would inhibit the public from ever reselling them. The illusion had to be created that diamonds were forever -- "forever" in the sense that they should never be resold.

Specifically, the Ayer study stressed the need to strengthen the association in the public's mind of diamonds with romance. Since "young men buy over 90% of all engagement rings" it would be crucial to inculcate in them the idea that diamonds were a gift of love: the larger and finer the diamond, the greater the expression of love. Similarly, young women had to be encouraged to view diamonds as an integral part of any romantic courtship.

"We spread the word of diamonds worn by stars of screen and stage, by wives and daughters of political leaders, by any woman who can make the grocer's wife and the mechanic's sweetheart say 'I wish I had what she has.'"

N. W. Ayer proposed to apply to the diamond market Thorstein Veblen's idea, stated in The Theory of the Leisure Class, that Americans were motivated in their purchases not by utility but by "conspicuous consumption."

The message was clear: diamonds represent a sharp break with the Oriental past and a sign of entry into modern life.

DeBeers devised the "eternity ring," made up of as many as twenty-five tiny Soviet diamonds, which could be sold to an entirely new market of older married women. The advertising campaign was based on the theme of recaptured love. Again, sentiments were born out of necessity: older American women received a ring of miniature diamonds because of the needs of a South African corporation to accommodate the Soviet Union.
business  advertising  jewelry  diamond  marriage  tv  marketing  usa  japan  mentality  psychology  story  success 
october 2017 by aries1988
Rocket Man Knows Better - The New York Times
It is a criminal enterprise focused on long-term survival, far more adept at enslaving its people than fighting big-boy wars.

Sadly, the United States has largely forgotten the lessons of the Korean War, even though that conflict cost the lives of more than 33,000 American combatants. The causes of this collective amnesia are varied: The Korean War ended in an inglorious tie that was impossible to celebrate. It produced no Greatest Generation myths and few memorable movies. Then came Vietnam — the first war to be truly televised, a war that is still being parsed on public television. Vietnam seared itself into our literary and cinematic culture, blotting out Korea, the Forgotten War.

After a halting and discouraging start that cost the lives of thousands of G.I.s, the American war machine became a murderous, unstoppable force. Using bombs and napalm, the United States Air Force blew up and burned down virtually every population center in North Korea. Gen. Curtis LeMay, head of the Strategic Air Command during the Korean War, estimated that “over a period of three years or so, we killed off — what — 20 percent of the population.” That’s about 1.9 million people.

Vast numbers of Chinese troops died to save North Korea from Kim’s bloody mistake; they kept his regime from becoming a footnote in Asian history.
history  korea  war  1950s  mao  usa  2017 
september 2017 by aries1988
A Murderous History of Korea

Kim’s reputation was inadvertently enhanced by the Japanese, whose newspapers made a splash of the battle between him and the Korean quislings whom the Japanese employed to track down and kill him, all operating under the command of General Nozoe Shotoku, who ran the Imperial Army’s ‘Special Kim Division’.

A vital figure in the long Japanese counterinsurgency effort was Kishi Nobusuke, who made a name for himself running munitions factories. Labelled a Class A war criminal during the US occupation, Kishi avoided incarceration and became one of the founding fathers of postwar Japan and its longtime ruling organ, the Liberal Democratic Party; he was prime minister twice between 1957 and 1960.

Kim Il-sung and Kishi are meeting again through their grandsons. Eight decades have passed, and the baleful, irreconcilable hostility between North Korea and Japan still hangs in the air.

The demonisation of North Korea transcends party lines, drawing on a host of subliminal racist and Orientalist imagery; no one is willing to accept that North Koreans may have valid reasons for not accepting the American definition of reality.

Congress and the American people knew nothing about this. Several of the planners were Japanophiles who had never challenged Japan’s colonial claims in Korea and now hoped to reconstruct a peaceable and amenable postwar Japan.

They worried that a Soviet occupation of Korea would thwart that goal and harm the postwar security of the Pacific.

it was no surprise that after a series of South Korean incursions into the North, full-scale civil war broke out on 25 June 1950.

South Korea’s stable democracy and vibrant economy from 1988 onwards seem to have overridden any need to acknowledge the previous forty years of history, during which the North could reasonably claim that its own autocracy was necessary to counter military rule in Seoul. It’s only in the present context that the North looks at best like a walking anachronism, at worst like a vicious tyranny.
war  korea  origin  disaster  nuclear  usa  explained  instapaper_favs 
september 2017 by aries1988
WindNinja | Fire, Fuel, and Smoke Science Program
WindNinja is a computer program that computes spatially varying wind fields for wildland fire application.
usa  fire  government  tool  mobile  ofm 
september 2017 by aries1988
Ken Burns’ documentary on an unwinnable war
Co-directed by Lynn Novick, ten-part series ‘The Vietnam War’ sheds new light on old wounds
coldwar  vietnam  war  documentary  usa 
september 2017 by aries1988
What the Rich Won’t Tell You - The New York Times

We often imagine that the wealthy are unconflicted about their advantages and in fact eager to display them. Since the economist Thorstein Veblen coined the term conspicuous consumption more than a century ago, the rich have typically been represented as competing for status by showing off their wealth.

Yet we believe that wealthy people seek visibility because those we see are, by definition, visible. In contrast, the people I spoke with expressed a deep ambivalence about identifying as affluent. Rather than brag about their money or show it off, they kept quiet about their advantages. They described themselves as normal people who worked hard and spent prudently, distancing themselves from common stereotypes of the wealthy as ostentatious, selfish, snobby and entitled. Ultimately, their accounts illuminate a moral stigma of privilege.

American culture has long been marked by questions about the moral caliber of wealthy people. Capitalist entrepreneurs are often celebrated, but they are also represented as greedy and ruthless. Inheritors of fortunes, especially women, are portrayed as glamorous, but also as self-indulgent.
rich  usa  mentality  society  book  money  inequality 
september 2017 by aries1988
The Risk of Nuclear War with North Korea

the two men making the existential strategic decisions were not John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev but a senescent real-estate mogul and reality-television star and a young third-generation dictator who has never met another head of state. Between them, they had less than seven years of experience in political leadership.

From time immemorial, there is a tradition of giving foreigners the best service, Pak explained. The No. 1 thing is to protect them, unless they are spies or enemies.

George W. Bush refused bilateral negotiations, then switched tacks and convened what are known as the Six-Party Talks.

Pyongyang is a city of simulated perfection, without litter or graffiti—or, for that matter, anyone in a wheelchair. Its population, of 2.9 million, has been chosen for political reliability and physical health. The city is surrounded by checkpoints that prevent ineligible citizens from entering.

Physically, he transformed himself into a near-reincarnation of his grandfather, Kim Il Sung, who was much more popular than Kim Jong Il. He bore a natural likeness to his grandfather, and, to accentuate it, he gained weight, cut his hair in a shorn-sided pompadour, and began wearing horn-rimmed glasses and a panama hat. (When foreign media suggested that he had undergone surgery to enhance the similarity, the state news agency condemned the speculation as sordid hackwork by rubbish media.)

So the Wall Street Journal is conservative? he asked. The editorial page is conservative, I said, but the news coverage is straight.

For him, basketball was everything. Kim drew pictures of Michael Jordan and slept with a basketball, according to Ko Yong Suk, the aunt who cared for him. She took him skiing in the Alps, swimming on the French Riviera, and to the Disney park in Paris. He showed flashes of stubbornness. If he was scolded for not studying, he’d refuse to eat. He wasn’t a troublemaker, but he was short-tempered, Ko told the Washington Post last year. (She and her husband defected to the U.S. and now run a dry-cleaning business, under assumed names.)

Dean Rusk, who later became Secretary of State, recalled, in an oral history in 1985, that the United States bombed every brick that was standing on top of another, everything that moved. General Curtis LeMay, the head of the Strategic Air Command during the Korean War, told the Office of Air Force History in 1984, Over a period of three years or so, we killed off—what—twenty per cent of the population.
korea  history  war  crisis  2018  interview  usa 
september 2017 by aries1988
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