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你知道吗?17世纪欧洲人对中国的认知主要来自哪本著作?
21 hours ago
中國圖說 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书
你知道吗?17世纪欧洲人对中国的认知主要来自哪本著作?
21 hours ago
巴黎圣母院大火现场:“我希望这个孩子还能看看它最后的样子”|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
巴黎圣母院始建于十二世纪下半叶,在1163年到1250年间修建完成。在建成之后八个多世纪的岁月里,它曾经遭遇许多危机,但无论是法国大革命、巴黎公社起义,还是两次世界大战,它都得以保全其身。维克多·雨果1831年出版长篇小说《巴黎圣母院》,使这座教堂闻名天下,也得益于这部小说的成功,Eugène Viollet-le-Duc 才能够在十九世纪初对其进行了大规模修缮工作,此后百余年间,世人所见之巴黎圣母院,都是此次修缮的结果。在此次大火中倒塌的尖塔,也是在1831翻修中重建的。严格来说,巴黎圣母院也是一艘“忒修斯之船”,在修修补补之中,最初的圣母院似乎已经被替换成了一座新的圣母院,但谁又能说它不是巴黎圣母院呢?
yesterday
专访宪法学者张千帆:宪政文明的暖流会融化中国体制的坚冰|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
张千帆是中国最负盛名的宪法学者之一,研究领域包括比较宪法与行政法,司法制度,中西方政治、道德与法律思想。

我们必须理解,宪法规定的党的领导是抽象和一般的,不是指治国理政日常实践中各级领导人的具体行为。任何领导人都是会犯错误的凡人,譬如某个县委书记完全可能滥用职权。宪法规定的党的领导显然不是要神化任何领导人,否则就变成了人治,就抵触了宪法第五条规定的法治和依法治国。这些问题早在八十年代就得到清理并达成共识,现在不应该再成为问题。

因此,问题不在于党的领导,而在于如何领导。执政党需要通过宪法和法律去体现其意志,执政党的意志应该通过民主和法治程序体现出来,而不是通过各种讲话或指示。当然,执政党的行为可以通过制定党内规章加以规范,但这些法规、规章都必须符合宪法。事实上,你用宪法规定来坚持党的领导地位,这本身已表明执政党只能在宪法与合宪法律的框架内行使权力。否则,宪法没有意义的话,党的领导也就没有法律根基了。

实际上,世界上每个国家的政府都是不愿意实施宪法的,但民主国家的政府不得不实施宪法,最终是因为有选票,不实施宪法的话会得罪太多的选民,领导人当选了也会下台。但如果没有真正的选举,政府不用对公民负责,不实施宪法也没有什么后果。

如果双方都能了解对方的真实想法,共同点还是很容易找到的,因为央港博弈是一种“协调博弈”,而非零和博弈。中央的主要目标维持主权统一,香港则希望维持高度自治的空间和制度的完整性。在主权统一的基础之上,中央应该还是愿意去谈的。现在,中央可能对于香港有一些误解,好像主张港独的人越来越多;香港则觉得中央似乎越来越强硬,这样下去会对双方之间的情感和认知产生负面影响。

中国现体制可以被视为两次世界大战的国际“冰河期”形成的一块坚冰。现在冰河早已融化,世界主流文明一直处于自由民主的暖流中。记得刚打倒“四人帮”的时候,叶剑英就说过“坚冰已经打破,航道已经开通”。此言不虚,四十年改革开放其实就是暖流和坚冰的“热交换”过程。当然,摩擦还会不断发生,自由民主国家也会遇到移民、民粹、两极分化等问题的困扰,但是应该会有惊无险,社会契约即便破裂也会修复。如果今后若干年我们仍然处在一个温暖的国际大环境下,我相信世界文明暖流最终会化解每一块坚冰。
interview  opinion  constitution  china  hongkong  game  theory  democracy  today  future  leader  intelligentsia  reform  politics 
yesterday
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【我认识的英国人如何看待巴黎圣母院火灾?】何越:受人的生命和生活质量最重要的理念影响,我先生马克斯才会说出“幸好没出人命,毁了可以重建”这样的评价。
\\“我先生的高贵祖国玩剩下的东…
2 days ago
(500) http://www.ftchinese.com/story/001082385?full=y
【我认识的英国人如何看待巴黎圣母院火灾?】何越:受人的生命和生活质量最重要的理念影响,我先生马克斯才会说出“幸好没出人命,毁了可以重建”这样的评价。
\\“我先生的高贵祖国玩剩下的东…
2 days ago
Exploring Lake Baikal | JSTOR Daily
The nature of the lake itself lends it to great diversity. For one thing the lake is at least 25 million years old. It is also extremely deep, and unlike many deep lakes, all depths contain plenty of dissolved oxygen. Under such conditions, organisms have the entire lake in which to speciate. Species can differentiate at opposite ends of the lake, or in the same location but at different depths. Several river systems drain into Baikal, so additional organisms have the opportunity to colonize the lake. Some of these species remain as they are, adding to the diversity, while others evolve in the lake into even more unique creatures.
lake  baikal  russia  mongolia  nature  climate  animal  ecosystem 
3 days ago
Fire of Notre-Dame: An elegy of Western decline - CGTN
if the collapse of the Twin Towers of New York City in 911 represented a deep wound of American capitalism, the fall of Notre-Dame spire is at least a sign of decay of Christendom in France and perhaps even a deny of the state's political order.
opinion  2019  chinese  intelligentsia  west  civ  christianity  france  crisis 
5 days ago
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有一次我在波士顿等地铁,坐在站台椅子上感觉到了一点儿风的变化,于是随口嘀咕了一句“车来了”,旁边一个美国人听到后走到站台边缘探头看了看隧道,回来对我说“How do u know that?”
7 days ago
Notre-Dame Attic Was Known as ‘the Forest.’ And It Burned Like One. - The New York Times

Some of those elements, like firewalls or a sprinkler system, were absent by choice — so as not to alter the landmark’s design or to introduce electrical wiring deemed a greater risk amid the timbers that supported Notre-Dame’s ornate lead roof.

“There had been a systematic refusal to install anything electrical” within “the forest” because of the risk, said Pierre Housieaux, president of the Paris Historical Association. “Everyone knew that the attic was the most fragile part.”

As flaming pieces of the upper structure fell to the cathedral floor, some of the interior furnishings also caught fire.

Firefighters deployed a robot equipped with tank-type treads and a camera to pull hoses into the cathedral and aim water at the flames. Firefighters also used aerial drones to get a view, including thermal imaging, into the inferno.

The firefighters brought out irreplaceable artifacts, including candelabras, statues, furnishings and religious relics like a linen fabric associated with Saint Louis, and what tradition holds is the crown of thorns worn by Jesus. Mayor Anne Hidalgo described seeing them passing treasures hand to hand in a human chain.

The Notre-Dame restoration project was to focus on reinforcing the spire and repairing some of the attic beams, said Olivier de Chalus, a construction engineer and volunteer guide at the cathedral. He described the structure under the roof as “the cathedral’s jewel, the true piece of art that wasn’t accessible to many.”
2019  fire  arte  paris  church 
7 days ago
Notre Dame Is the Burning Heart of Paris

It’s partly that, at 856 years old, Notre Dame has witnessed much of French history. It’s where Henry VI was crowned, and Napoleon became emperor. A few hours into the fire, French TV news was running everything from clips of François Mitterrand’s funeral to scenes from a movie version of Victor Hugo’s “Hunchback of Notre Dame.”

In his address to the nation, Mr. Macron described what Parisians are feeling as a “tremblement intérieur” — an internal trembling.

A hundred years from now, people will still be talking about the fire of 2019.
2019  paris  france  architecture  patrimoine  fire  tragedy  accident  art  church  christianity  français 
8 days ago
996工作制是奋斗还是剥削?你该不该加班?李永乐老师讲机会成本 - YouTube
996工作制是奋斗还是剥削?你该不该加班?李永乐老师讲机会成本 - YouTube If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. Up Next Autoplay is paused YouTube…
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8 days ago
Emilia Clarke, of “Game of Thrones,” on Surviving Two Life-Threatening Aneurysms

But I kept at it. In school productions, I played Anita in “West Side Story,” Abigail in “The Crucible,” one of the witches in “Macbeth,” Viola in “Twelfth Night.” After secondary school, I took a gap year, during which I worked as a waitress and went backpacking in Asia. Then I started classes at the Drama Centre London to pursue my B.A. As fledgling actors, we studied everything from “The Cherry Orchard” to “The Wire.” I didn’t get the ingénue parts. Those went to the tall, willowy, impossibly blond girls. I got cast as a Jewish mother in “Awake and Sing!” You should hear my Bronx accent.

In those days, I thought of myself as healthy. Sometimes I got a little light-headed, because I often had low blood pressure and a low heart rate. Once in a while, I’d get dizzy and pass out. When I was fourteen, I had a migraine that kept me in bed for a couple of days, and in drama school I’d collapse once in a while. But it all seemed manageable, part of the stress of being an actor and of life in general. Now I think that I might have been experiencing warning signs of what was to come.

I could hardly catch my breath. I went back to the hotel, where some people invited me to a party on the roof. “I think I’m good!” I told them. Instead, I went to my room, ate Oreos, watched “Friends,” and called everyone I knew.

The “Game of Thrones” creators David Benioff and D. B. Weiss have said that Daenerys Targaryen is a blend of Napoleon, Joan of Arc, and Lawrence of Arabia.
GOT  tv  actor  story  hospital  death  struggle  growup  uk  health  acting  female  fame  success  girl  interview  job 
11 days ago
日本年号变迁与时代记忆 日经中文网

不可思议的是,明治(1868~1912年)、大正(1912~1926年)、昭和(1926~1989年)都通过年号形成了时代的印象。尽管没有合理的解释,不过可以确定的是,年号会改变人的心情。此次改元或许会成为走向全新日本的契机。

说起明治就想到维新,说起大正就联想到民主和浪漫,说起昭和则想到战争和经济增长。年号让人回顾起当时的时代。而平成似乎总带着抹不掉的负面印象。

被称为日本宪政之神的尾崎行雄曾在战败后这样提倡过。尾崎主张“为了让不论男女老少还是贵贱贤愚的全体国民都认清战败的事实,我认为应该改年号。年号可以带有‘新生日本第一年’的含义。或者是带有‘民主主义元年’、‘兴国元年’或‘投降2年’等含义”(《尾崎咢堂全集第10卷》195页)。
japanese  year  calendar  time  emperor  history  future 
12 days ago
月桂叶 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书
月桂叶是由月桂的具有独特芳香的树叶。新鲜采择或脱水干燥后的月桂叶都常作为调味应用于地中海烹饪中,例如煲汤、焖、炖、烟熏等。新鲜的月桂叶性质温和,脱水后其香味会变得浓烈。中国烹饪中则常用干燥的月桂叶作为香料,通称香叶。
cuisine  condiment  mediterranean  tree  nantes 
13 days ago
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montrant le développement d'un jusqu'à son stade "Incus", près de la côte de ce…
Timelapse  cumulonimbus  Barcelone 
15 days ago
How Cellophane Changed the Way We Shop for Food - HBS Working Knowledge - Harvard Business School
Hisano explains the situation with a brief chemistry lesson in the color of cut beef, which depends on various derivatives of the protein myoglobin. When the meat is first cut, it looks purple. After being exposed to oxygen for half an hour or so, it looks bright red. More time than that, and it begins to develop a brown color. While purple beef is technically the freshest, and while it’s safe to cook beef when it first turns brown, consumers have been conditioned to believe that red equals fresh.
18 days ago
White Privilege Is Real, but Well-Meaning White Liberals Are Helping to Perpetuate It - Quillette

with progressive ideology. A system that disadvantages blacks, immigrants, Hispanics or Muslims comes to be imagined as a machine operated by an omnipotent white god.

Liberals tend to believe in a kind of reverse white exceptionalism: that whites, in contrast to every other ethnic and racial group, should suppress their communal identity because it’s linked to a system of racial inequality. They seek to deconstruct white identity as an ideological construct designed to maintain power. Cultural conservatives, by contrast, consider whites a group like any other—attached to particular myths, symbols and memories—which should be able to express its identity and interests without fear of censure.

Rather than imagining a world of conflicting groups in which whites oppress non-whites, we should think of white privilege as a complex structure which all people of all races and ethnicities bear some responsibility for. Instead of adopting a simple minded narrative which demonises white identity and casts white people as the villains, we should encourage the whole of society to work collaboratively to reduce system bias.
contrarian  conservatism  usa  race  racism  stereotype  policy  opinion  caucasian  society 
18 days ago
Les Enfoirés | WordReference Forums
Bastoune and Carnesecchi have it right, as well as David314 (but not exactly fitting this one).
Enfoirés is normally an insult (fuckers, assholes, dickheads ...) quite strong, but here it refers to Coluche (and what followed after him), who gave the word a different meaning. He even used to greet his audience with "salut les enfoirés !", a daring feat ...
explained  français  show  expression  humor  artist  charity 
20 days ago
Fairy Tales Could Be Older Than You Ever Imagined | smithsonianmag.com | Smithsonian
It turns out that it’s pretty hard to figure out how old fairy tales are using simple historical data. Since the tales were passed down orally, they can be almost impossible to unwind using a historian or anthropologist’s traditional toolbox. So the team borrowed from biology, instead, using a technique called phylogenetic analysis. Usually, phylogenetic analysis is used to show how organisms evolved. In this case, researchers used strategies created by evolutionary biologists to trace the roots of 275 fairy tales through complex trees of language, population and culture.

As they tracked, they found evidence that some tales were actually based in other stories. More than a quarter of the stories turned out to have ancient roots—Jack and the Beanstalk was traced back to the split between Western and Eastern Indo-European languages more than 5,000 years ago and a tale called The Smith and the Devil appears to be more than 6,000 years old.

The findings might confirm the long-disregarded theory of fairy tale writer Wilhelm Grimm, who thought that all Indo-European cultures shared common tales.
linguist  children  tale  history  story 
21 days ago
When Asia Ruled the World
Nonfiction The Pudong skyline, Shanghai. Credit Lauryn Ishak for The New York Times Amazon Local Booksellers Barnes and Noble When you purchase an independently…
contrarian  west  empire  conflict  world  war  success  europe  fail  qing  ottoman  book  opinion 
21 days ago
在化工脱贫的路上,响水人经历过爆炸、泄漏和“大逃亡”|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
2006年,江苏省陆续出重拳治理环境问题,3年内关闭近6000家企业。当大批化工企业在这场运动式的“关厂潮”中垂死挣扎时,江苏北部向他们敞开了怀抱。

横穿江苏而过的长江,分割了苏南(包括南京、无锡、常州、苏州和镇江五个市)和苏北(徐州、连云港、宿迁、淮安、盐城),亦画下残酷的经济分割线。在紧邻上海的苏州和省会南京的带动下,苏南在经济发展中将苏北远远甩在身后。

1990年,苏北GDP只有苏南的一半左右,2007年这一差距更是扩大到三分之一。彼时江苏省级贫困县有16个,均出在苏北,盐城市更是占据了三个名额,分别是滨海、阜宁和响水。

化工业,成为这些贫困县奋身一跃的跳板。

时任江苏省常州市发展和改革委员会重大项目稽察办公室主任俞建初去到苏北时,亦为当地招商局负责人的言行感到惊讶,“我们地方环境容量大,环保指标用不了,直通大海,可以自然分解,环保上不收费用。”

人们怀念以前的陈家港和灌河。“我们这里最出名的有‘大鱼拜龙王’的现象。”采访中,韩松和吴莹都讲述了儿时看到鲸鱼的经历。

灌河被称为“苏北黄浦江”,东接黄海,是苏北唯一没有建闸的天然潮汐河道。资料显示,灌河历史上就是鲸鱼经常出没的地方,每年春季,常有“大鱼”(鲸鱼)由大海游入灌河。韩松记得小时候自己常和小伙伴去灌河洗澡,河流清澈见底。

“化工厂开过来之后,就慢慢看不见这个现象了,河水都冒着油污,不再能去游泳。”韩松说。
reportage  tragedy  accident  chemistry  industry  jiangsu  pollution  2019 
23 days ago
一個日本爺爺,拍了8000張30年前中國小孩的照片 - YouTube
A Japanese Old Man Took 8,000 Pictures of Children in China 30 Years Ago - YouTube If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. Up Next…
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26 days ago
Opinion | We Aren’t Built to Live in the Moment - The New York Times

Our emotions are less reactions to the present than guides to future behavior. Therapists are exploring new ways to treat depression now that they see it as primarily not because of past traumas and present stresses but because of skewed visions of what lies ahead.

Similarly, studies of children’s development show that they’re not able to imagine future scenes until they’ve gained the ability to recall personal experiences, typically somewhere between the ages of 3 and 5.
psychology  future 
27 days ago
Thicker than blood: A young Chinese woman's coming of age - SupChina
Always careful about what I ate, she enforced an even stricter diet. Certain types of animal products must be avoided because they contained growth hormones. Some seeds and plants could only be consumed in small quantities because they stimulated the sexual organs, per traditional Chinese medicine. In addition to her belief that the flow of the womb drained the brain, my mother dreaded the approach of womanhood for her daughter, a perilous world filled with lurking eyes and wandering hands.

The only item my mother cleaned with a vengeance was our underwear. She rinsed them by hand, and she boiled them in water. The designated utensil was a large porcelain washbasin with a pair of mandarin ducks printed on the bottom next to the character for “double happiness.” The basin was a wedding gift for her and my father, typical of their time.

“Only boiling water can kill all the germs,” my mother explained her peculiar method. “That place must be kept clean, otherwise you will get diseases, and people will think you are a prostitute.”
body  female  growup  girl  story  mother  chinese  sex  food  tradition  family  education  marriage 
27 days ago
Les couleurs de nos origines | ARTE
Info et société Autrement vu ARTE Regards - C’est quoi ton genre ? - La pédagogie neutre en Suède 31 min 39 min Disponible du 25/03/2019 au 23/05/2019…
video 
27 days ago
futurists and historians
What best distinguishes our species is an ability that scientists are just beginning to appreciate: We contemplate the future. Our singular foresight created…
history  future  mind  animal  human  question  opinion  futurism  historian 
27 days ago
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L'Université de Cambridge reconnaît les résultats de Gaokao et oblige les candidats à se classer dans le top 0,1% d…
28 days ago
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