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campylobacter : mentalhealth   59

10 Things to Say to a Suicidal Person
1. “I’m so glad you told me that you’re thinking of suicide.”
2. “I’m sad you’re hurting like this.”
3. “What’s going on that makes you want to die?”
4. “When do you think you’ll act on your suicidal thoughts?”
5. “What ways do you think of killing yourself?”
6. “Do you have access to a gun?”
7. “Help is available.”
8. “What can I do to help?”
9. “I care about you, and I would be so sad if you died by suicide.”
10. “I hope you’ll keep talking to me about your thoughts of suicide.”
mentalHealth  suicide  psychology 
25 days ago by campylobacter
17 Things Not to Say to Someone Who's Suicidal — and What to Say Instead
1. Don’t say: “Suicide is selfish.”
2. Don’t say: “There are other people who have it worse than you.”
3. Don’t say: “I get sad too sometimes.”
4. Don’t say: “Suicide is the easy way out.”
5. Don’t say: “Oh, don’t say that.”
6. Don’t say: “Are you doing this for attention?”
7. Don’t say: “Tomorrow is a new day.”
8. Don’t say: “You have no reason to feel like this.”
9. Don’t say: “Think of how your family would feel.”
10. Don’t say: “Push through it.”
11. Don’t say: “I don’t want to talk about this.”
12. Don’t say: “But your life is so good!”
13. Don’t say: “Don’t be silly.”
14. Don’t say: “You’re not praying enough.”
15. Don’t say: “Have you taken your meds?”
16. Don’t say: “You need to relax.”
17. Don’t say: “It’s all in your head.”
mentalHealth  suicide  psychology 
25 days ago by campylobacter
When Gut Bacteria Change Brain Function
Some of the most intriguing work has been done on autism. For decades, doctors, parents, and researchers have noted that about three-quarters of people with autism also have some gastrointestinal abnormality, like digestive issues, food allergies, or gluten sensitivity. This recognition led scientists to examine potential connections between gut microbes and autism; several recent studies have found that autistic people’s microbiome differs significantly from control groups. The California Institute of Technology microbiologist Sarkis Mazmanian has focused on a common species called Bacteroides fragilis, which is seen in smaller quantities in some children with autism. In a paper published two years ago in the journal Cell, Mazmanian and several colleagues fed B. fragilis from humans to mice with symptoms similar to autism. The treatment altered the makeup of the animals’ microbiome, and more importantly, improved their behavior: They became less anxious, communicated more with other mice, and showed less repetitive behavior.

Exactly how the microbes interact with the illness—whether as a trigger or as a shield—remains mostly a mystery. But Mazmanian and his colleagues have identified one possible link: a chemical called 4-ethylphenylsulphate, or 4EPS, which seems to be produced by gut bacteria. They’ve found that mice with symptoms of autism have blood levels of 4EPS more than 40 times higher than other mice. The link between 4EPS levels and the brain isn’t clear, but when the animals were injected with the compound, they developed autism-like symptoms.

Some subjects were fed 5.5 grams of a powdered carbohydrate known as galactooligosaccharide, or GOS, while others were given a placebo. Previous studies in mice by the same scientists had shown that this carb fostered growth of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria; the mice with more of these microbes also had increased levels of several neurotransmitters that affect anxiety, including one called brain-derived neurotrophic factor.

In this experiment, subjects who ingested GOS showed lower levels of a key stress hormone, cortisol, and in a test involving a series of words flashed quickly on a screen, the GOS group also focused more on positive information and less on negative.

Scientists have found that gut bacteria produce neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine and GABA, all of which play a key role in mood (many antidepressants increase levels of these same compounds). Certain organisms also affect how people metabolize these compounds, effectively regulating the amount that circulates in the blood and brain. Gut bacteria may also generate other neuroactive chemicals, including one called butyrate, that have been linked to reduced anxiety and depression. Cryan and others have also shown that some microbes can activate the vagus nerve, the main line of communication between the gut and the brain. In addition, the microbiome is intertwined with the immune system, which itself influences mood and behavior.
microbiology  nutrition  mentalHealth  autism  health 
29 days ago by campylobacter
Suicide rate growing in Alabama and across the nation
"When you do a psychological autopsy and go and look carefully at medical records and talk to family members of the victims," he said, "90 percent will have evidence of a mental health condition." That indicates a large portion weren't diagnosed, "which suggests to me that they're not getting the help they need," he said.

Cultural attitudes may play a part. Those without a known mental health condition, according to the report, were more likely to be male and belong to a racial or ethnic minority

"The data supports what we know about that notion," Gordon said. "Men and Hispanics especially are less likely to seek help."

The problems most frequently associated with suicide, according to the study, are strained relationships; life stressors, often involving work or finances; and recent or impending crises. The most important takeaway, mental health professionals say, is that suicide is not only an issue for the mentally ill but for anyone struggling with serious lifestyle issues.
mentalHealth  alabama  suicide  statistics 
july 2018 by campylobacter
load-bearing
I think one thing that’s going on here is that there are a bunch of small parts of our daily routine which are doing really important work for our wellbeing. Our commute involves a ten-minute walk along the waterfront and the walking and fresh air are great for our wellbeing (or, alternately, our commute involves no walking and this makes it way more frictionless because walking sucks for us). Our water heater is really good and so we can take half-hour hot showers, which are a critical part of our decompression/recovery time. We sit with our back to the wall so we don’t have to worry about looking productive at work as long as the work all gets done. The store down the street is open really late so late runs for groceries are possible. Our roommate is a chef and so the kitchen is always clean and well-stocked.

It’s useful to think of these things as load-bearing. They’re not just nice - they’re part of your mental architecture, they’re part of what you’re using to thrive. And when they change, life can abruptly get much harder or sometimes just collapse on you entirely.
psychology  mentalHealth 
july 2018 by campylobacter
Five Apps for Mental Health That Actually Work – Health Horizon – Medium
Here’s a list of 5 mental health apps and online programs that have been clinically validated in peer-reviewed journals — or in other words, actually work.

1 SuperBetter at Work
By turning formerly dreary jobs into an exciting game, SuperBetter improves strategic thinking, teamwork, motivation, and mental wellbeing among employees in an entertaining way. Not only that, but it’s also been proven in peer-reviewed literature to significantly reduce anxiety.
2 myCompass
is an interactive online self-help program for people with mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety, and stress. Developed by the Black Dog Institute, the program contains 14 learning modules that teaches scientifically-backed skills meant to introduce positive habits key to overcoming mental health issues. These skills include proven psychological treatments like cognitive behaviour therapy and positive psychology.
3 SHUTi
SHUTi, or Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (pronounced shut-eye) is an online self-help program for people with insomnia. Through six learning modules, SHUTi helps users identify and retrain habits, thoughts, or behaviours that negatively impact sleep.
4 Wizard
a brain training game. Wizard features various in-game tasks like identifying items in boxes or navigation through rooms to improve the episodic memory and overall cognitive function of people with schizophrenia.
5 PTSD Coach
provides evidence-based strategies for managing the condition. Not only does the app also provide comprehensive information on PTSD, but it also allows users to track their symptoms and set up a support network of friends and fellow PTSD sufferers.
mentalHealth 
may 2018 by campylobacter
How Your Cat Is Making You Crazy
Still, he concedes, the parasite could be very bad news for a small percentage of people—and not just those who might be at greater risk for car accidents. Many schizophrenia patients show shrinkage in parts of their cerebral cortex, and Flegr thinks the protozoan may be to blame for that. He hands me a recently published paper on the topic that he co-authored with colleagues at Charles University, including a psychiatrist named Jiri Horacek. Twelve of 44 schizophrenia patients who underwent MRI scans, the team found, had reduced gray matter in the brain—and the decrease occurred almost exclusively in those who tested positive for T. gondii. After reading the abstract, I must look stunned, because Flegr smiles and says, “Jiri had the same response. I don’t think he believed it could be true.” When I later speak with Horacek, he admits to having been skeptical about Flegr’s theory at the outset. When they merged the MRI results with the infection data, however, he went from being a doubter to being a believer. “I was amazed at how pronounced the effect was,” he says. “To me that suggests the parasite may trigger schizophrenia in genetically susceptible people.”
cats  parasitology  neuroscience  veterinary  mentalHealth 
july 2017 by campylobacter
Mental Health Professionals Warn About Trump
We believe that the grave emotional instability indicated by Mr. Trump’s speech and actions makes him incapable of serving safely as president.
ethics  mentalHealth  politics 
february 2017 by campylobacter
Therapy Cats for Dementia Patients, Batteries Included - The New York Times
The robotic cats, called Joy for All Companion Pets, are made by Hasbro. They hit the market last year and cost $99 — considerably less than previous generations of robotic therapy animals, which have been around since the dawn of the millennium. “No litter box. Just love,” the slogan on the Hasbro website says. The cats come in three models: orange tabby, creamy white and silver with white mitts.
mentalHealth  alzheimers  dementia  robots  cats 
december 2016 by campylobacter
How Switzerland Accidentally Reduced Suicide
In his research, Reisch seized an opportunity to examine what effect gun ownership has on suicide in his country. Since the reduction in active-duty forces applied just to men ages 18 to 43, Reisch hypothesized that this group would see a reduction in the suicide rate, while rates among women and people outside this age group would remain steady.

It turns out he was right. Reisch’s study, published in 2013 by The American Journal of Psychiatry, showed that among this particular cohort of men, there were 2.16 fewer suicides per 100,000, meaning about 30 men were “saved” by the reforms. (In 2013, there were 222 total firearm suicides in Switzerland.)

Researchers say that reducing access to firearms—whether by keeping them locked in a secure environment, requiring waiting periods, or removing them from households altogether—is an essential strategy to save lives. That’s because suicide is usually an impulsive act: 71 percent of attempts come within the hour of making the decision to commit the act, research shows.

Men are more likely to kill themselves than women, and are much more likely to use a gun. That’s why members of the U.S. military deserve special attention, experts say. In May, the Pentagon released a report that the suicide rate among soldiers was more than twice the national average.
suicide  sexism  mentalHealth  guns  MilitaryIndustrialComplex  statistics 
september 2016 by campylobacter
Replace 'Crazy' With The Adjective You Actually Mean - The Establishment
"It took multiple misdiagnoses—most notably bipolar disorder—in my early 20s, followed by a long period of thinking that I was just a miserable failure at life, to understand the power of the word “crazy.” I’d internalized it so much that the stigma seeds sown during my childhood had grown into a self-blame garden."
ableism  linguistics  mentalHealth  writing 
june 2016 by campylobacter
5 Things Everyone Needs to Know About Verbal Abuse
1. The circuitry for physical and emotional pain appears to be the same.
2. Verbal aggression literally changes the structure of a child’s developing brain.
3. The effect of verbal aggression is greater than the expression of love.
4. Deliberately inflicted emotional and physical pain hurt more.
5. Verbal aggression and abuse are internalized.
psychology  abuse  mentalHealth  neuroscience  childabuse  childhoodDevelopment 
may 2016 by campylobacter
Thomas Insel: Toward a new understanding of mental illness
What I've been talking to you about so far is mental disorders, diseases of the mind. That's actually becoming a rather unpopular term these days, and people feel that, for whatever reason, it's politically better to use the term behavioral disorders and to talk about these as disorders of behavior. Fair enough. They are disorders of behavior, and they are disorders of the mind. But what I want to suggest to you is that both of those terms, which have been in play for a century or more, are actually now impediments to progress, that what we need conceptually to make progress here is to rethink these disorders as brain disorders.
neuroscience  medicine  psychology  mentalHealth 
may 2016 by campylobacter
Study: Suicidal Thoughts Are 'Contagious' in Teens
The study found students 12-13 years old who had a classmate that committed suicide were nearly five times as likely to have thoughts of suicide than someone who had never had a classmate kill themselves. Nearly a quarter of 16-17-year-olds studied had a classmate that committed suicide: 15.1% of those students said they had thought of suicide, compared to 7.4% of students who didn't have a classmate who had killed themselves. The study found similar effects for people who had actually attempted suicide. The effects seem to last for at least 2 years following a suicide.

Before performing the research, study lead author Sonja Swanson of Harvard School of Public Health, expected to find an increase in suicidal thoughts among students who personally knew someone who had committed suicide. Many schools offer "postvention" therapy for students who are close to a person who has killed themselves in an effort to prevent a second suicide. But the data suggests a teen doesn't have to be particularly close to someone who has killed themselves to be affected.

"Suicide death of a schoolmate was a stronger predictor of suicidality outcomes than suicide by someone personally known, perhaps because the death of a peer resonates with youth more than the death of a close adult," according to the study. "Thus, it may be best for postvention strategies to include all students rather than target close friends."
psychology  suicide  statistics  mentalHealth 
april 2016 by campylobacter
Library Offers Homeless People Mental Health Services, And It’s Working
Of the 5,000 people who visit the San Francisco Public Library every day, about 15% of them are homeless, PBS reported. After years of watching this underserved demographic float through to get Internet access, a restroom and often, just refuge from the cold, the library realized it was in an auspicious position to stage effective interventions.
homelessness  mentalHealth  poverty 
april 2016 by campylobacter
The debilitating economic disaster Louisiana’s governor left behind
Already, the state of Louisiana had gutted university spending and depleted its rainy day funds. It had cut 30,000 employees and furloughed others. It had slashed the number of child services staffers, including those devoted to foster family recruitment, and young abuse victims for the first time were spending nights at government offices.

And then, the state’s new governor, John Bel Edwards (D), came on TV and said the worst was yet to come.

Edwards, in a primetime address on Feb. 11, said he’d learned of “devastating facts” about the extent of the state’s budget shortfall and said that Louisiana was plunging into a “historic fiscal crisis.” For all the cuts of the previous years, the nation’s second-poorest state still needed nearly $3 billion — almost $650 per person — just to maintain its regular services over the next 16 months. Edwards then gave the state’s lawmakers three weeks to figure out a solution, a period that expires March 9, no clear answer in reach.

Louisiana now stands at the brink of economic disaster. Without sharp and painful tax increases in the coming weeks, the government will cease to offer many of its vital services, including education opportunities and certain programs for the needy. A few universities will shut down and declare bankruptcy. Graduations will be canceled. Students will lose scholarships. Select hospitals will close. Patients will lose funding for treatment of disabilities. Some reports of child abuse will go uninvestigated.

On Jindal’s watch, nearly every agency in Louisiana shed employees, and state lawmakers say some teetered because of the losses. The Department of Children & Family Services shrank to 3,400 employees, from 5,000 in 2008, and social workers began carrying caseloads above national standards. The state also cut funding for youth services and mental health treatment.

“When you cut those programs, it doesn’t change the need for people to get those services,” said Walt Leger (D), a state representative. “It just means you’re no longer providing them. Those folks end up in jail or wandering the street, not being treated for mental health issues, and all of those things have a huge societal cost.”
economy  GOP  poverty  wealthinequality  education  mentalHealth  politics 
march 2016 by campylobacter
10 Ways to Improve Your Marriage Right Now
01 Apologize when you are wrong
02 Imagine the other person gone during a fight
03 Laugh more
04 Arrange weekly meetings
05 Schedule sex
06 Talk about the little things
07 Have your own life
08 Remember to thank the other person
09 Stop yelling
10 Hold hands
romance  psychology  mentalHealth 
january 2016 by campylobacter
What No One Tells You About Losing Lots of Weight
Maybe diet culture could stand to take a page from sobriety culture, too. Just as you don't complete the twelve steps and celebrate with a bottle of wine, the idea that extreme weight loss has an end point after which life reverts to "normal" leaves dieters with very little recourse once the thrill of weight loss has ended. For those who have struggled with food, maintaining new habits is a lifelong, day-by-day process.

Weight-loss discourse would be healthier, too, if more focus were placed on the small, measurable, tangible positive effects it has on our lives rather than the giant, life-defining, theoretical, eventually unattainable ones. John Janetzko, for example, spoke glowingly about the new role sports play in his life – he's discovered he loves doing something he'd never felt confident enough to try before. Julia Kozerski waxes poetic about farmers' markets and bike rides.
psychology  mentalHealth  bodyshaming 
january 2016 by campylobacter
30 things I wish I knew before I started cutting:
1. Razors are a pain in the ass to get out.
2. Don’t ever let something get to the point where you can’t control it.
3. Shaving will never be the same.
3. Cuts hurt way longer than just when you’re in the shower.
4. Sleeves move around, and they won’t always be covered.
5. The fabric from your jeans will make your skin feel like it’s burning alive.
6. One cut will never be enough.
7. Every line, mark, scrape you see turns into a trigger.
8. Blood smells really, really gross.
9. The scars will constantly remind you, even on the good days.
10. You’re not sure why it feels good, it just does.
11. ^^ Sometimes it doesn’t feel good at all and it will make you cry.
12. You’ll start to see yourself as disgusting.
13. Sometimes the blood won’t stop and you swear it’s your last time, but it never will be.
14. Bandaids, Neosporin, and razors cost a lot of money.
15. Sex becomes very awkward with the lights on.
16. Cuts itch.
17. Then people ask why you’re itching.
18. You’re too hot to wear that hoodie? Too bad.
19. You’ll throw away your razors and the next day feel like a psycho when you’re digging through the trash.
20. No matter how many excuses you make up for doing it that day, none of them will be valid. Ever.
21. People will think you do it for attention, so you’ll start to believe them.
22. You’ll want to stop, you just won’t know how.
23. It will tear your heart out when your best friend does it once.
24. Some places feel better to cut than others.
25. Skin doesn’t always grow back the way you want.
26. You’ll feel like a charity case.
27. Some people will treat you like you are one, too.
28. You’ll start to think more about your back up plan for if you start to bleed out rather than college.
29. You’ll get angry if you forgot your razors.
30. Your mom’s going to cry really hard when she finally sees them.
selfharm  psychology  mentalHealth 
december 2015 by campylobacter
Music Lessons Were the Best Thing Your Parents Ever Did for You
1. It improved your reading and verbal skills.
2. It improved your mathematical and spatial-temporal reasoning
3. It helped your grades.
4. It raised your IQ.
5. It helped you learn languages more quickly.
6. It made you a better listener, which will help a lot when you’re older.
7. It will slow the effects of aging.
8. It strengthened your motor cortex.
9. It improved your working memory.
10. It improved your long-term memory for visual stimuli.
11. It made you better at managing anxiety.
13. It made you more creative.
music  education  childhoodDevelopment  psychology  mentalHealth 
november 2015 by campylobacter
EXCLUSIVE: Robin Williams’ Widow Forgave Him, Doesn’t Blame Him ‘One Bit’ for Taking His Own Life
“And now, after a year of digging into what killed my husband, finding out all about Lewy body disease, lo and behold, one of the symptoms, their vision is affected. Spatially, depth, the ability to recognize, identify objects,” she said.

“And so now, over a year later I totally get it. I get it, honey. I totally get it. I don't think he was trying to hit his head on the door. I know that's right. And I know he was angry with himself and he was fed up with this and he was expressing anger.”

Asked whether he was spiraling out of control, Susan Williams said things were confused.

“It's one minute, totally lucid … And then five minutes later, he would say something that wasn't -- it didn't match,” she said.

Her husband was keeping it together as best he could. “But the last month he could not. It was like the dam broke,” she said.
suicide  mentalHealth  healthcare 
november 2015 by campylobacter
Life is even harder now for the South Carolina teen assaulted by ex-Deputy Ben Fields — she recently lost her mother
In an interview with the Daily News, Todd Rutherford, the respected Columbia, S.C., attorney representing the assault victim of the recently terminated Deputy Ben Fields, revealed that his client, in addition to suffering injuries on her face, neck, and arm, is a recent orphan living in foster care.

While her identity, no doubt, will eventually be leaked to the media, it's the goal of her foster mother to protect and care for her as well as she can considering the circumstances. She communicated to us that the young victim is devastated and emotionally traumatized by all that has happened to her.
childabuse  policebrutality  blacklivesmatter  racism  sexism  education  lawenforcement  childsafety  mentalHealth 
october 2015 by campylobacter
Could Depression Be Caused By An Infection?
Harkening back to Adolph Meyer's early 20th century theory, Canli notes how certain infections of the brain – perhaps most notably Toxoplasma gondii — can result in emotional disturbances that mimic psychiatric conditions. He also notes that numerous pathogens have been associated with mental illnesses, including Borna disease virus, Epstein-Barr and certain strains of herpes, including varicella zoster, the virus that causes chickenpox and shingles.

A Danish study published in JAMA Psychiatry in 2013 looked at the medical records of over three million people and found that any history of hospitalization for infection was associated with a 62 percent increased risk of later developing a mood disorder, including depression and bipolar disorder.

Canli believes that pathogens acting directly on the brain may result in psychiatric symptoms; but also that autoimmune activity — or the body's immune system attacking itself — triggered by infection may also contribute. The Danish study also reported that a past history of an autoimmune disorder increases the risk of a future mood disorder by 45 percent.

Both infection and autoimmune activity result in inflammation, our body's response to harmful stimuli, which in part involves a surge in immune system activity. And it's thought by many in the psychiatric research community that inflammation is somehow involved in depression and perhaps other mental illnesses.
bacteriology  virulogy  neuroscience  psychology  mentalHealth 
october 2015 by campylobacter
Scientists May One Day Treat Schizophrenia By Targeting Brain Inflammation
The study showed that microglia, or the immune cells found in the nervous system, are more active in the brains of people with schizophrenia as well as those of people who are at risk for the disorder.

For the study, the researchers examined the brains of 56 adults using a technique known as positron emission tomography (PET) scans. Some participants had been diagnosed with schizophrenia, while others were at risk for the disorder -- meaning they had mild psychotic symptoms and/or family history -- and some had no symptoms and were not at risk.

The scans revealed that individuals with schizophrenia showed high levels of microglia activity in their brains, and as that microglia activity increased along with the severity of symptoms. What the activity of microglia indicates is a response to infection and damage in the brain through the process known as inflammation.
neuroscience  psychology  mentalHealth 
october 2015 by campylobacter
America wants you to suffer: The staggering ways we punish our college graduates
About 1/3 of college students are first-generation American. This means that many of their parents might be limited in their ability to give them advice on college life in the United States, since they have no direct experience. It is also important to note that 60% of these students do not complete their degree.

43% of Millennials are of color. This is the most diverse generation in U.S. history. While college campuses attempt to attract a diverse student body, students of color often find a lack of inclusion and support once they arrive. It’s also worth noting that 79% of faculty are white, a factor that researchers suggest can influence the success of non-white students.

Approximately 25% of Millennials were raised by single parents. And about 66% of single moms work outside the home — a factor that greatly limits a parent’s ability to solve a child’s problems for him or her.

26% of undergraduates are raising dependent children.

There are twice as many openly LGBT students on college campuses than there were in 2011. A recent study shows that this group suffers disproportionate sexual harassment (73%) and violence (44%).

1 in 5 women is sexually assaulted in college.

Many students face food insecurity. Hunger among college students is on the rise: 121 college campuses have food banks for students and, in one example, 60% of students at Western Oregon University reported suffering from hunger and poor nutrition.

About 4% of all undergraduates are veterans or military service members. Statistics show that this population has higher rates of mental disorders.

11% of college students have learning disabilities — a reality that would make coping with college workloads naturally more challenging.

30 - 40% of all graduates have double majors, a trend designed to offer students more job prospects, and one that also brings with it far more stress as students have to overload to complete their degrees. (I have one student this term enrolled in 28 credits so that she can graduate on time.)

70% of college students have school debt and the average owed is $28,400. The total amount of student debt today is $1.2 trillion.

80% of students work part-time while in college and 18% pay their way through college. 20% of working students work 35 hours a week or more.

Only 22% of college students get their bills paid by their parents. 62% of students manage a budget.

Millennials account for 40% of the nation’s unemployed. If they do have jobs, they earn less than the nation’s median income as compared to those of the same age a decade ago.

When they do get meaningful work, they toil away at unpaid internships that may never become full-time job offers.
wealthinequality  rapeCulture  mentalHealth  education  racism  workersrights 
october 2015 by campylobacter
A Love Letter to My Neurotypical Husband, From Your Autistic Wife
Sara LeeAnn Pryde
5 Oct 2015

Before you, I knew in my marrow that I would never be suited for a conventional love relationship. How could a woman who exists mostly in her own inner world, so tightly controlled, ever share a life with another person — until “death do us part,” no less? Every attempt I’d ever made at normal had failed miserably. I am too complicated, too particular, too cerebral.

I am much too much of everything. But you don’t seem to mind at all.

When we received my autism diagnosis and I was surprised (but also not at all) and afraid it would change things between us, you smiled and said, “We always knew your mind was something special, sweetheart,” and I relaxed because I knew you meant it in the best possible way.
autism  mentalHealth  neuroscience  psychology 
october 2015 by campylobacter
Top Psychiatrist's Stunning Announcement About Gun Violence
American Psychiatric Association's president, Dr. Renee Binder.

As chief executive of the major lobby group that advocates for the interests of psychiatrists, Binder might have been expected to recommend an increase in psychiatric treatment for the mentally ill as a way to reduce gun violence. Amazingly, she not only did not make that recommendation, but she made the powerful—and well-documented—statement that people diagnosed with mental illness are far more likely to be victims of violence than perpetrators of it and that most of the mentally ill will never commit acts of violence against others. Thus, to pass laws to prevent the mentally ill from owning guns is no way to reduce the frequency of murders. In fact, as Binder pointed out, "Stronger indicators of risk include a history of violent behavior, domestic violence, and drug or alcohol abuse."
gunViolence  mentalHealth  DomesticViolence  abuse  addiction 
october 2015 by campylobacter
David Stojcevski's horrifying death in jail, explained
Prior to his jail stint, Stojcevski was being treated for his drug addiction with methadone, Xanax, and Klonopin to stave off withdrawal symptoms, which can be deadly. Even a basic knowledge of these drugs and addiction suggests that suddenly yanking Stojcevski off of his medication would cause withdrawal — and that's exactly what happened when jail officials didn't give him the drugs.

Over 17 days, Stojcevski displayed typical withdrawal symptoms. He didn't eat, likely due to withdrawal-induced nausea. He shook and appeared to experience seizures. He seemed to hallucinate, reenacting a previous fight with an inmate. On his last two days, he laid on the floor, shaking and in clear distress.

During all this time, staffers rarely tended to Stojcevski's needs, even though his cell was under surveillance 24 hours a day. As he lay on the floor shaking and not eating his food over 48 hours, no one showed up to help until the very end. But it was too late — he was pronounced dead at the hospital.
prisonreform  abuse  penalSystem  mentalHealth  ableism  homicide 
september 2015 by campylobacter
U.N. Says Cyber Violence Is Equivalent to Physical Violence Against Women
“Dead is dead,” says Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Under-Secretary-General of the U.N. and Executive Director of U.N. Women. “Whether you are dead because your partner shot you or beat you up, or you killed yourself because you couldn’t bear cyber-bullying, or you were exposed to many of the sites that lead people to suicide pacts— bottom line, we lose a life.”

Mlambo-Ngcuka explained that the report is intended to encourage governments to take action against cyber bullying, and U.N. Women is committed to making sure those efforts are sustainable and enforceable. She said the three most important ways to combat cyber violence are sensitization to the dangers, safeguards against harassment, and sanctions against those who perpetuate internet abuse. “This is a 21st century challenge that needs us to have new ways of reacting,” she says. Still, one in five female internet users live in countries where law enforcement are extremely unlikely to respond to internet violence, and only 26% of law enforcement agencies in the 86 countries surveyed are properly prepared to address the problem.
UnitedNations  AnitaSarkeesian  violenceagainstwomen  harassment  mentalHealth 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Nearly 6% of Americans suffer from a mental illness doctors barely understand
After a series of in- and out-patient hospital stays, Tusiani was diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD), a mental illness that affects an astounding 5.9% of American adults at some point in their lives, according to the National Education Alliance for Borderline Personality Disorder. But despite the prevalence of the condition, BPD is notoriously difficult to diagnose and, subsequently, difficult to treat.

Tusiani herself suffered from a myriad of symptoms that overlap with other mental illnesses like depression, eating disorders, substance abuse, and bipolar disorder. In fact, many sufferers of BPD also suffer from many of these other mental illnesses separately, so it's no wonder that BPD is often misdiagnosed and mistreated.

BPD has been linked to both genetic and environmental factors, like traumatic childhood events. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, BPD wasn't added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders until 1980, and today experts agree that the name of the illness is misleading, as "borderline" implies that the illness was an atypical version of some other mental illness.

BPD symptoms usually begin in adolescence or early adulthood, and are marked by emotional instability like extreme mood swings and outbursts, impulsive or reckless behavior, unstable relationships, and suicidal thoughts or self-harming behaviors. Some of these symptoms, while not in the extreme, happen to be common among adolescents in general, making it even harder to diagnose. That said, there is no test to diagnose BPD — often it comes down to a process of elimination, ruling out other possible mental illnesses.
mentalHealth  psychology 
september 2015 by campylobacter
How to tell whether a child might become a psychopath, as early as 5 weeks old
Researchers at the University of New South Wales have found that some children as young as three years old display callous-unemotional traits (CU traits), which are linked to psychopathy. Children with these traits didn’t react strongly like other children in the study to images of people in distress, such as a child crying, and also struggled to recognize changing facial expressions.

Meanwhile, a UK study of more than 200 infants by researchers from King’s College London, the University of Manchester, and the University of Liverpool, found that it’s possible to predict whether five-week-old babies will go on to develop CU traits. Infants who preferred to look at a human face, rather than an inanimate red ball, were less likely to develop CU traits as a toddler, according to the study published in Biological Psychiatry.

The UK study found that if a mother responds more sensitively to her baby during playtime, the child is less likely to display callous unemotional behavior as a toddler. The University of New South Wales researchers also are trying to help parents find ways to develop their children’s emotional skills.
childhoodDevelopment  mentalHealth  neuroscience  psychology 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Bisexual Adults Face Heightened Risk for Health Issues Including Cancer, STDs and Depression
Studies show that bisexuals face elevated rates of poor health outcomes ranging from cancer and heart disease, to obesity, sexually-transmitted infections and mental health issues. The report highlights research showing that:

- Bisexual women have higher rates of cancer than the general population of women, higher rates of heart disease and obesity than heterosexual women, and are more likely than all other women to suffer from mental and emotional stress;
- Bisexual adults have double the rate of depression than heterosexual adults, higher rates of binge drinking, and are more likely to engage in self-harming behavior, including attempting suicide;
- Bisexual men are less likely than gay or heterosexual men to get tested for HIV, leading them to be disproportionately affected by the infection; and bisexual people are less likely to be screened for the human papilloma virus (HPV), which can increase the risk of cancer in both men and women.
bisexuality  healthcare  mentalHealth  sex  lgbtqia 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Cuddlers, Rejoice! Science Proves That Sleeping With Someone Else Is Good For Your Health
Research also shows that women in stable relationships actually fall asleep faster and wake less frequently than single women or those whose relationship status changed during the study.
mentalHealth 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Having Bipolar Disorder is Kind of Like Being a Teenager
We’re both disproportionately stressed.

We’re both impulsive.
Risky behavior and impulsivity are traits of both adolescence and bipolar disorder. In bipolar disorder, a manic episode is characterized by impulsive behaviors like shopping sprees, gambling or sexual risk-taking. The reason behind this is because the pleasure system of the brain is highly active. This system is in place to reward us for things like eating, sex and social behaviors- all things that keep you alive and procreating. Well done, you. In the brains of both teenagers and bipolar patients, the reward system just keeps asking for more and the part of the brain that is responsible for saying “when” just isn’t loud enough. So, you end up seeking that next high. This is why drug use and alcohol abuse are fairly common in both groups. We do realize it’s risky most of the time. There’s just a big difference between being asked on paper and making a decision in the moment.

We’re both emotional and angsty.
mentalHealth  neuroscience 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Facebook is finally creating a 'Dislike' button to help you express "empathy"
Facebook is finally creating a 'Dislike' button - but it won't be designed to foster negativity.

The social network's CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced today (September 14) at a Facebook townhall that the new option will be geared towards allowing users to express "empathy".

TRY A SAD FACE OR CONDOLENCES BUTTON YOU UNEMPATHETIC DUDEBROS.
facebook  socialmedia  mentalHealth  sociology 
september 2015 by campylobacter
The devastating decision not to prosecute the brutal in-custody death of Natasha McKenna
What's particularly gross about her January 26 arrest is that Natasha was actually arrested that day not for anything new, but for her behavior during a January 15 incident, after which she was actually hospitalized for 10 days during a complete psychotic breakdown. During that breakdown she resisted arrest. The day after she was released from the mental hospital, she was charged with assaulting an officer and resisting arrest from the January 15 incident that required her hospitalization. This is ludicrous. She spent pretty much the entire month of January in the hospital, but was arrested and sent to a jail that could not care for her the day she was released.

On February 3, dressed in full protective gear, five officers fought hard to restrain Natasha McKenna and successfully had her arms handcuffed behind her back. After that, she was tasered over and over and over and over again—four times, five seconds each, in a short two-minute span. Ten minutes later she was completely unconscious and had no vital signs. She slipped into a coma in the jail and died at a local hospital less than a week later.
blacklivesmatter  policebrutality  racism  mentalHealth 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Life after 11 years of captivity, rape & torture: Michelle Knight's story
Knight, too, faces serious health problems, from nerve damage in her arm to chronically cold hands caused by bad blood flow and deteriorating eyesight. She’ll likely never be able to have children. And she has yet to see Joey again. “As bad as Gina and Amanda had it, and they had it bad, when Michelle came out, she couldn’t even be reunited with her own child. That’s awful!” McGinty says. “Lawyers told her, ‘You wanna fight, we’ll put up a fight, we’ll get visitation.’ But she realized it would be too disruptive of that child’s life.... That’s the ultimate sacrifice to me. So her torture went on.”
rape  abuse  mentalHealth 
september 2015 by campylobacter
Racial Injustice Fatigue: Coping with the Toxicity of Well-Meaning White People
I remember being in college and having the entire class turn around for me to answer the professor’s questions about whether the Civil War was actually fought over slavery rather than state’s rights. Just last month I was at a celebration for my brother’s surgical residency graduation, where we were the only black people at the entire event. Waiting in line for the bathroom, I was approached for a joint by an old white guy, who was in such disbelief that I didn’t carry weed on my person that he repeatedly asked me where he could score. These experiences used to frighten me. I now regard them as a fact of life. It’s the cumulative effect of experiencing and witnessing small, daily injustice. I know I am always one more incident away from not being able to cope.
racism  mentalHealth  ptsd  whiteprivilege 
september 2015 by campylobacter
The Creepiest New Corner Of Instagram: Role-Playing With Stolen Baby Photos
Instagram users like Nikki steal images of babies and children off the Internet, give them a new name, and claim them as their own. Sometimes they create entire fake families. Others then interact in the comments of each photo, role-playing as they virtually feed, burp, swaddle, and even reprimand these virtual children. Some Instagrammers even portray themselves as virtual adoption agencies, where followers can request specific babies and toddlers they’d like to adopt—"Looking for a two-year-old girl with blonde hair, green eyes, and who is feisty"—and the adoption agency then finds a photo, usually without permission. Role playing ensues.
mentalHealth  psychology  childabuse  childsafety  copyright 
august 2015 by campylobacter
17 Illustrations That Are Incredibly Real For Anyone With ADD
For starters, it’s not always called ADD. In fact, it’s now more often classified as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattentive-type. But lots of people (including some doctors) still refer to it as ADD.
ableism  neuroscience  psychology  mentalHealth 
august 2015 by campylobacter
Inside Amazon: Wrestling Big Ideas in a Bruising Workplace
The company is conducting an experiment in how far it can push
white-collar workers to get them to achieve its ever-expanding ambitions
abuse  amazon  workersrights  harassment  mentalHealth 
august 2015 by campylobacter
Amazon 'regime' making British staff physically and mentally ill, says union
GMB says staff at distribution centres across UK under pressure to be ‘above-average Amazon robots’, following US revelations
workersrights  amazon  mentalHealth  abuse 
august 2015 by campylobacter
Saying Trigger Warnings “Coddle the Mind” Completely Misses the Point
Unfortunately, almost no articles that discuss trigger warnings seem particularly interested in centering the experiences of people with anxiety and PTSD, and how those people might be better served by institutions and classes that they’re paying thousands and thousands of dollars to attend.

To me, the entire point of a good arts studies course would be to discuss how these representations tend to be framed, and to highlight whether or not those depictions are exploitative, or even sexist, racist, and transphobic. Millennials are not afraid of these conversations. Quite the opposite, in my experience. The reason why trigger warnings and content warnings have become a mainstay in progressive blogging spaces is because young people have finally begun to acknowledge how many of us have dealt with trauma and violence, and have craved places to discuss how our stories get depicted in media.

I wish that articles about trigger warnings would stop throwing anxiety and PTSD sufferers under the bus as a veiled excuse to mock students’ political correctness. If professors think trigger warnings are for “fragile” babies, then I’d hate to see how they navigate topics like sexism and racism in their classrooms. You’d think they’d want to be sure they were discussing these difficult topics in a way that didn’t alienate their most marginalized students. Even students who don’t suffer from anxiety or PTSD could benefit from a more respectful approach to tough topics, especially given how many students have had to navigate oppressive systems for their entire lives.
mentalHealth  psychology  literature  ableism 
august 2015 by campylobacter
What do grown children owe their abusive parents?
The Debt: When terrible, abusive parents come crawling back, what do their grown children owe them?
Feb. 18 2013 6:00 AM

In a 2008 essay in the journal In Character, history professor Wilfred McClay writes that as a society we have twisted the meaning of forgiveness into a therapeutic act for the victim: “[F]orgiveness is in danger of being debased into a kind of cheap grace, a waiving of standards of justice without which such transactions have no meaning.” Jean Bethke Elshtain, a professor at the University of Chicago Divinity School writes that, “There is a watered-down but widespread form of ‘forgiveness’ best tagged preemptory or exculpatory forgiveness. That is, without any indication of regret or remorse from perpetrators of even the most heinous crimes, we are enjoined by many not to harden our hearts but rather to ‘forgive.’ ”

It’s wonderful when there can be true reconciliation and healing, when all parties can feel the past has been somehow redeemed. But I don’t think Rochelle, Beatrice, and others like them should be hammered with lectures about the benefits of—here comes that dread word—closure. Sometimes the best thing to do is just close the door.
abuse  psychology  ptsd  childabuse  mentalHealth 
august 2015 by campylobacter
4 reasons to embrace your mistakes, as told by a 'wrongologist.'
1. We don't actually hate being wrong. We hate realizing that we're wrong.
2. We're taught that being wrong = failure.
3. Assuming we're right isn't always very good, either.
4. Maybe being wrong is actually the only thing we can count on as humans.
psychology  mentalHealth  childhoodDevelopment  education 
august 2015 by campylobacter
81 Awesome Mental Health Resources When You Can’t Afford a Therapist
there’s a whole world of free or affordable mental health care out there designed to help you with just about every issue, whether that’s kicking an addiction, managing your emotions, finding a group of like-minded peers, or recovering from trauma. Even better? Some of these resources are available whenever you need them. (No need to schedule an appointment between the hours of 9 and 5.) Support groups, hotlines and call centers, websites and online forums, and even apps can be put into action when you have a crisis or just need extra support.
mentalHealth  psychology 
august 2015 by campylobacter
A new study reveals the impact that violent video games actually have on your brain.
Another series of studies show sedentary activities, such as sitting with a video game controller in your hand for an entire holiday weekend, might lead to an increase in anxiety.
mentalHealth  psychology  neuroscience  videogames 
august 2015 by campylobacter
the big list of panic attack coping mechanisms
* Do housework. It will give you something to focus on, and the feeling of control over your environment is helpful.
** Fold laundry. Clean clothes are tactilely interesting, and they smell neutral-good.
** Make the bed. The focal point of the room is now neat.

* Take a hot shower.
** Lay in the bottom of the tub and let the hot water hit your stomach and chest.
** Put your feet in the spray and focus on the way the water feels hitting the soles of your feet.

* Use music or noise.
** Hours and hours of piano jazz and relaxation music can be found on YouTube.
** Classical Indian music works well.
** Mynoise.net has soundscapes. Especially helpful are Water Stream, Cave Water, Ocean Waves, and Fire Noise (in the winter).

* Gifs and relaxing pictures.
** r/anxiety has a megathread of relaxing images.
** see also: the following subreddits:
*** r/Awwducational/
*** r/brushybrushy/
*** r/Catloaf/
*** r/catsonglass/
*** r/Floof/
*** r/tuckedinkitties/

* Herbal tea
** You don't even have to drink it if you don't want to. The smell can be effective on its own. Peppermint, ginger, chamomile, and lemongrass are all good choices.

* Suck on a mint.

* Move around. Walk in a circle in your room. Shake out your hands. Clench and relax your fists.

* Lay down on the (nice, clean, made) bed. Breathe into your abdomen. One...two...three...four. Now breath out. Five..six...seven...eight...nine...ten. Now do it again. In. One...two...three...four. Out. Five...six...seven...eight...nine...nine. In. One...two...three...four. Out. Five...six...seven...eight...nine...eight. Keep going until you get to one. If you don't feel better, take a few normal breaths and then start over again at ten.

* Write. Get out a piece of paper and just write. It doesn't have to be coherent. It doesn't have to be legible. Just write. Say it hurts. Say you're scared. Describe the symptoms. Say you want to cry. Write it all out. The act of moving pen across paper will help no matter how incoherent the output is.

* Ask, "what am I telling myself that's making me feel this way?" If you can tease out the reason you're panicking, can you address it? Can you change the mental tape?

* Read something comforting.
** Leigh-Hunt or William Hazlett or Charles Lamb. Their language is tricky enough to require focus and their subjects are (mostly) benign and familiar enough to not be a trigger.
** Persuasion. It's slow moving and peaceful and you can read as easily as you breathe.
** [personal profile] rushthatspeaks' 365 books project. You can drop in at random and read one entry or ten. It's familiar and comfortable.
** Psalms. Just about any of them, really. Again, you can drop in and read one verse or ten pages.
** The Blue Castle. Everything will be okay in the end.
mentalHealth  psychology 
july 2015 by campylobacter
Cat Videos Improve Mental Health
A 2015 Pew Research Center report found that 45 percent of the videos people post to YouTube involve their cat or another animal.2 Incredibly, more than two million cat videos have been posted on YouTube to date, and these videos have a mind-staggering 26 billion (yes, that's billion with a b) views, making cat videos by far the most popular viewing category on YouTube.
cats  video  psychology  mentalHealth 
july 2015 by campylobacter
First robust genetic links to depression emerge
Discoveries energize hunt for genes connected to mental illness.
Heidi Ledford
15 July 2015

The analysis yielded two genetic sequences that seemed to be linked to depression: one in a stretch of DNA that codes for an enzyme whose function is not fully understood, and the other next to the gene SIRT1, which is important for energy-producing cell structures called mitochondria. The correlations were confirmed in another set of more than 3,000 depressed men and women and over 3,000 controls.

The mitochondrial connection chimes with previous work, including some from Flint’s lab3, that has linked mitochondrial abnormalities to depression. “It’s an appealing bit of biology for a disorder that makes people tired and unmotivated,” says Levinson.
mentalHealth  genetics 
july 2015 by campylobacter
San Diego County agrees to $1-million settlement in sheriff's deputy beating case
"Did the Sheriff's Department learn anything from this incident?" Basile said. "I don't think so."

Money was not the reason the family filed a lawsuit, he said. "The family wants to make sure nothing like this happens to anyone else," he said.
DownSyndrome  mentalHealth  policebrutality 
july 2015 by campylobacter
OItNB is the only TV show that understands rape
My hope is that going forward we can have a Pennsatucky Test for rape scenes much like the Bechdel Test.

- Is the victim’s point-of-view shown?
- Does the scene have a purpose for existing for character, rather than plot, advancement?
- Is the emotional aftermath explored?

As long as sexual assault continues to be a scourge of our society, TV shows ought to mine the subject; it’s important we keep the conversation going. Just take care of your characters. Don’t rape 'em and leave 'em. They deserve to have their trauma acknowledged. They deserve to have their stories told.
writing  rape  rapeCulture  sexism  psychology  mentalHealth 
july 2015 by campylobacter
Distraught people, Deadly results
Officers often lack the training to approach the mentally unstable, experts say
policebrutality  mentalHealth  psychology  homicide  statistics 
july 2015 by campylobacter
Stop Letting Trans People Die
A few weeks ago in the Advocate, I wrote that every trans death indicts our society. That parents, friends and allies should make safe space open and available to trans people, especially the youngest of us, who are most at risk. Safe harbor is hard to come by for all trans and queer folks, though, especially for trans women of color.

But when death comes at home, at the hands of a parent or a lover, we advocates ask ourselves -- who were the people who could have saved them? Where was their safe space?
transgender  transphobia  suicide  DomesticViolence  mentalHealth 
march 2015 by campylobacter
The Spoon Theory
Most people start the day with unlimited amount of possibilities, and energy to do whatever they desire, especially young people. For the most part, they do not need to worry about the effects of their actions. So for my explanation, I used spoons to convey this point. I wanted something for her to actually hold, for me to then take away, since most people who get sick feel a “loss” of a life they once knew. If I was in control of taking away the spoons, then she would know what it feels like to have someone or something else, in this case Lupus, being in control.
psychology  medicine  disability  mentalHealth 
march 2015 by campylobacter
Sleep 'Detoxes' The Brain, New Research Suggests
When you sleep, your brain undergoes a mop-up process that removes waste products linked to Alzheimer’s and dementia, according to new research published yesterday in the online version of Science.

A team of researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) used high-tech imaging to look deep into the brains of mice and discovered that the brain functions differently while asleep than awake, ridding itself of accumulated proteins at a much faster rate. (In mice, that is – but researchers use mouse brains because they’re considered surprisingly similar to human brains.)

Led by Maiken Nedergaard, M.D., who co-directs the URMC’s Center for Translational Neuromedicine, the researchers discovered that a waste-draining system they call the “glymphatic system” is ten times more active during sleep than while awake. This nocturnal cleaning system removes proteins called amyloid-beta, which accumulate into the plaques that contribute to Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.
neuroscience  psychology  alzheimers  mentalHealth 
october 2014 by campylobacter

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