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Doctors use HIV to develop 'cure' for 'bubble boy' disease | Health, Medicine and Fitness |
Doctors are calling a new therapy a "cure" for X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency disease or SCID-X1, often dubbed "bubble boy" disease.
virology  microbiology 
5 days ago by casfindad
Doctors' son died 10 days before flu shot appointment. Now, they want to save your child - CNN
Two physicians who lost their young son to the flu last year want parents to listen to their message, born of great grief and suffering: Get your child a flu shot.
vaccination  microbiology  Influenza  virology 
november 2018 by casfindad
A Controversial Virus Study Shows Flaws in How Science Is Done - The Atlantic
Last year, the world learned that researchers led by David Evans from the University of Alberta had resurrected a virus called horsepox. The virus hasn’t been seen in nature for decades, but Evans’s team assembled it using genetic material they ordered from a company that synthesizes DNA.

But Evans’s critics argued that his work makes it easier for others to re-create smallpox themselves, and, whether through accident or malice, release it.

This controversy is the latest chapter in an ongoing debate around “dual-use research of concern”—research that could clearly be applied for both good and ill.

More than that, it reflects a vulnerability at the heart of modern science, where small groups of researchers and reviewers can make virtually unilateral decisions about experiments that have potentially global consequences, and that everyone else only learns about after the fact.

Esvelt thinks all such orders should be screened against a database of problematic sequences as a bulwark against experiments that are unknowingly or deliberately dangerous.

The problem is that scientists are not trained to reliably anticipate the consequences of their work. They need counsel from ethicists, medical historians, sociologists, and community representatives—but these groups are often left out from the committees that currently oversee dual-use research.
october 2018 by casfindad
In Australia, Cervical Cancer Could Soon Be Eliminated - The New York Times
The government started a program to distribute the HPV vaccine for free to girls more than a decade ago.
microbiology  virology  cancer  medicine  vaccination 
october 2018 by casfindad
Ebola Outbreak in Central Africa Is ‘Largely Contained’ - The New York Times
The first Ebola outbreak fought with a new vaccine is winding down, according to the World Health Organization. The outbreak lasted seven weeks.
virology  ebolavirus  ebola 
july 2018 by casfindad
Genghis Khan’s Mongol horde probably had rampant Hepatitis B | Ars Technica
Viral DNA recovered from ancient human remains sheds light on HBV's evolutionary past.
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Ancient origins of viruses discovered: New study transforms understanding of virus origins and evolution -- ScienceDaily
Research published today in Nature has found that many of the viruses infecting us today have ancient evolutionary histories that date back to the first vertebrates and perhaps the first animals in existence.
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Giant virus discovery sparks debate over tree of life : Nature News & Comment
The Klosneuviruses contradict the theory that viruses make up a distinct domain of life, but not everyone is convinced.
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Giant virus resurrected from 30,000-year-old ice : Nature News & Comment
Largest virus yet discovered hints at viral diversity trapped in permafrost.
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Ancient retroviruses emerged half a billion years ago : Nature News & Comment
This group of viruses is hundreds of millions of years older than previously thought.
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Backbone of RNA viruses uncovered
The evolutionary history of viruses is largely unknown. Large-scale discovery of vertebrate RNA viruses shows that, although viruses often jump between hosts, most have co-evolved with their hosts over millions of years
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Huge trove of unknown viruses found in fish, frogs and reptiles
Analysis of more than 200 newly discovered RNA viruses confirms that they co-evolved with their vertebrate hosts over millions of years.
virology  Evolution 
may 2018 by casfindad
Alliance on Nautilus: Unveiling the Viral Ecology of Earth
Ebola, HIV, influenza—even the common cold. Each of these maladies reinforces the commonly-held belief that viruses are harmful parasites that are potentially deadly to their host. The virus’ ability to...
microbiology  virology  virosphere  ecology 
april 2018 by casfindad
It's raining viruses, but don't panic
Untold numbers of viruses are swept up into the atmosphere along with dust and water vapor, and they can travel for thousands of miles. No need to worry, though: The vast majority of viruses infect only microbes, not humans.
april 2018 by casfindad
The 1918 Flu Pandemic: Photos From a Century Ago - The Atlantic
Amazing photos of how the country adapted and tried to reduce the spread of influenza in 1918. This epidemic claimed 50 to 100 million lives.
microbiology  virology  Influenza  photography  History 
april 2018 by casfindad
A Triathlete's Comeback From A Deadly Virus Is a Warning For A Warming Planet | HuffPost
Case study of West Nile virus infection, with warnings of spread due to climate change
flavivirus  microbiology  virology 
march 2018 by casfindad
NYTimes: Günter Blobel, Nobel Laureate Who Found Cell ‘ZIP Codes,’ Dies at 81
Blobel was a giant in cell biology. He established the signal hypothesis for protein trafficking inside the cell.
microbiology  virology  cellculture  cell  Biology 
february 2018 by casfindad
When Herpes Infects the Eye - The Atlantic
It’s a major cause of blindness, but scientists may have identified a surprising new way to treat it in mice.
microbiology  virology  herpesvirus 
february 2018 by casfindad
A Mummified Child’s Remains Show Signs of a Modern Scourge - The New York Times
For decades, scientists thought the toddler
died nearly 500 years ago from smallpox.
New research shows it carried hepatitis B.
hbv  virology 
january 2018 by casfindad
Her Husband Was Dying From A Superbug. She Turned To Sewer Viruses Collected By The Navy.
This story and the previous one by Ed Yong are two the coolest things I've read in a while. Editorial: When I read about highly promising research directions that are neglected, my reaction is that as a society we need to stop spending our time and precious resources on BS, roll up our sleeves, and get to work.
BIOL340  virology  bacteriophage  phage_therapy  microbiology 
december 2017 by casfindad
Furious Rabies after an Atypical Exposure
Apparently Karina will need to find another way to extract her revenge. The attached video and described patient outcomes are compelling evidence against eating uninspected meat, especially dog and cat meat. The video is the first I've actually been able to observe the hydrophobia that is often exhibited in rabies.
BIOL340  virology  rabies 
december 2017 by casfindad
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