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iamfantastikate : history   53

Schoolbooks and Slavery in 1864: Lessons in the North and South
When you visit Black Citizenship in the Age of Jim Crow, two of the first objects you’ll see are books: The First Dixie Reader, used in the South, and The Gospel of Slavery: A Primer of Freedom, used in the North. Both were likely used in schools to teach children to read; both were published in 1864, during the American Civil War; and both discuss slavery. However, the lessons on slavery in each book are completely different. According to curator Lily Wong, the books help “set the stage” for the exhibition, which explores “both the stunning advances [in rights and freedoms for African Americans] and equally stunning reversals that unfold in the 50 years after the end of slavery.”
history  education  children  usa  politics  racism  books 
november 2018 by iamfantastikate
Pride and prejudice? The Americans who fly the Confederate flag
“The Confederate flag played a big, big part in our history,” Ira says. “… Why are these minorities pushing to do away with this flag? Look at what’s happening to our statues!” he says...

In his attic, McCluney downplays slavery ownership – saying “elite” planters, not soldiers, owned most slaves. “Most (southerners) did not have a dog in the hunt,” he says.

He is right, but only to a point. Most of the soldiers were young – a fifth were under 18 – and few owned any of the 4 million slaves in the US. But many of their households owned at least one, or they aspired to ascend to slave ownership. The 1860 census shows 49% of families in Mississippi – one in two – owned at least one slave. Mississippi had 436,631, the most in the nation and 55% of the state’s population...

Thomasa Massey, 49, jumps out of her car at Pearl Park in a majority-white Jackson suburb wearing a T-shirt with Confederate butterflies she designed with “Pride, Not Prejudice” underneath...

Davis, 47, also believes the institution might have died out due to “modernization … if they were able to compromise another 20 years. That’s what state’s rights were about: protecting slavery,” he says. “… There would not have been a war over tariffs...”

Stuart blames detractors. “It’s not us that’s racial; it’s them that’s racial. Most of ’em don’t know what it means,” she says. “It’s a symbol of our state; it’s who we are...”

“If we can’t get white people to stand together, it’s going to be another civil war,” [Barnes] adds.
history  mississippi  usa  politics  racism  equality 
august 2018 by iamfantastikate
Losing Earth: The Decade We Almost Stopped Climate Change
Hansen’s most recent paper, published last year, announced that Earth is now as warm as it was before the last ice age, 115,000 years ago, when the seas were more than six meters higher than they are today. He and his team have concluded that the only way to avoid dangerous levels of warming is to bend the emissions arc below the x-axis. We must, in other words, find our way to “negative emissions,” extracting more carbon dioxide from the air than we contribute to it. If emissions, by miracle, do rapidly decline, most of the necessary carbon absorption could be handled by replanting forests and improving agricultural practices. If not, “massive technological CO₂ extraction,” using some combination of technologies as yet unperfected or uninvented, will be required. Hansen estimates that this will incur costs of $89 trillion to $535 trillion this century, and may even be impossible at the necessary scale. He is not optimistic.
science  history  usa  politics  health  environment  future-dystopia 
august 2018 by iamfantastikate
Are Hit Songs Becoming Less Musically Diverse?
The result is a trend toward similarity, with smaller distances among songs. To date, songs that charted between 2012 and 2016 were the most similar, according to EchoNest data...

“Track-and-hook” is Seabrook’s coinage for a music-making method that fundamentally distinguishes today’s music-making from all that came before. What separates track-and-hook from its predecessors is how the music is made. The storied, solitary figure working out musical problems at a piano while filling up an ashtray has been replaced by teams of digital production specialists and subspecialists, each assigned to a snare track, a bass track, and so on, mixed and matched and stuck together like Legos...

The obvious trend is that the Billboard Hot 100 will continue to musically converge, a path that might just be the natural progression of popular culture. Give it enough time and we’ll all be listening to the same thing.
music  history 
june 2018 by iamfantastikate
How a Special Diet Kept the Knights Templar Fighting Fit
The knights’ diets seem to have been a balancing act between the ordinary fasting demands on monks, and the fact that these knights lived active, military lives. You couldn’t crusade, or joust, on an empty stomach. (Although the Knights Templar only jousted in combat or training—not for sport.) So three times a week, the knights were permitted to eat meat—even though it was “understood that the custom of eating flesh corrupts the body.” On Sundays, everyone ate meat, with higher-up members permitted both lunch and dinner with some kind of roast animal. Accounts from the time show that this was often beef, ham, or bacon, with salt for seasoning or to cure the meat...

But on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays, the knights ate more spartan, vegetable-filled meals. Although the rules describe these meals as “two or three meals of vegetables or other dishes eaten with bread,” they also often included milk, eggs, and cheese. Otherwise, they might eat potage, made with oats or pulses, gruels, or fiber-rich vegetable stews. (The wealthier brothers might mix in expensive spices, such as cumin.) In their gardens, they grew fruits and vegetables, especially Mediterranean produce such as figs, almonds, pomegranates, olives, and corn (grain).* These healthy foodstuffs likely also made their way into their meals.

Once a week, on Fridays, they observed a Lenten fast—no eggs, milk, or other animal products. For hearty fare, they relied on dried or salted fish, and dairy or egg substitutes made from almond milk. Even here, however, there are pragmatic concessions. The weak and sick abstained from these fasts and received “meat, flesh, birds, and all other foods which bring good health,” to return them to fighting shape as quickly as possible.
food  history  health 
may 2018 by iamfantastikate
I Don’t Know How to Waste Time on the Internet Anymore
And then, one day, I think in 2013, Twitter and Facebook were not really very fun anymore. And worse, the fun things they had supplanted were never coming back. Forums were depopulated; blogs were shut down. Twitter, one agent of their death, became completely worthless: a water-drop-torture feed of performative outrage, self-promotion, and discussion of Twitter itself. Facebook had become, well … you’ve been on Facebook...

There is an argument that this my fault. I followed the wrong people; I am too nostalgic about bad blogs; I am in my 30s and what I used to think was fun time-killing is now deadly. But I don’t think so. What happened is that the internet stopped being something you went to in order to separate from the real world — from your job and your work and your obligations and responsibilities. It’s not the place you seek to waste time, but the place you go to so that you’ll someday have time to waste. The internet is a utility world for me now. It is efficient and all-encompassing. It is not very much fun.
internet  facebook  twitter  history  opinion 
may 2018 by iamfantastikate
Could Ida B. Wells Have Exposed Lynching on Your Newsfeed?
To determine trustworthiness, [Facebook] plans to survey its 2 billion users about the sources with which they’re most familiar and best recognize.

However, by that standard, we’d never have had Tom Paine, Ida Tarbell or Ida B. Wells. We’d never have had a revolution, broken up the robber-baron monopoly corporations, or heard enough about the lynchings to have anything resembling a [National Lynching Memorial]—or even, probably, to make them stop.
history  media  racism  usa  facebook 
may 2018 by iamfantastikate
'Corporations Are People' Is Built on a 19th-Century Lie
A few years later, in an opinion in an unrelated case, Field wrote that “corporations are persons within the meaning” of the Fourteenth Amendment. “It was so held in Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad,” explained Field, who knew very well that the Court had done no such thing.

His gambit worked. In the following years, the case would be cited over and over by courts across the nation, including the Supreme Court, for deciding that corporations had rights under the Fourteenth Amendm...
history  u.s.a.  money  corruption 
april 2018 by iamfantastikate
Archeological find affirms Heiltsuk Nation's oral history
B.C. archaeologists have excavated a settlement in the area — in traditional Heiltsuk Nation territory — and dated it to 14,000 years ago, during the last ice age where glaciers covered much of North America. 

"This find is very important because it reaffirms a lot of the history that our people have been talking about for thousands of years," Housty said.
canada  history  native-american-tribes  amazing 
september 2017 by iamfantastikate
Hidden Racism
Melfi shields white viewers from the uncomfortableness of seeing the totality of the horror their counterparts inflicted on the black women who worked at NASA, and he does so at the expense of the agency of those women, portraying them as being in desperate need for a white man’s validation.

The truth is that they lived freely in the fact that their lives were just as valid as anyone else’s.

What actually happened — documented in the book from which the film is adapted, Hidden Figures: The Story of the African-American Women Who Helped Win the Space Race, written by Margot Lee Shetterly, a black woman — is Katherine Johnson refused to use NASA’s colored restrooms. She defiantly used the white bathroom, even though doing so was illegal.
media  film  history  u.s.a.  politics  equality 
february 2017 by iamfantastikate
Maiden America
The idea of sexual purity was a relatively late addition to Christian doctrine. Not even priests needed to be celibate until the twelfth century—and that change, according to Medieval historian R. I. Moore, had more to do with blocking church officials from transferring church wealth to their families than it did with forging any sort of resemblance between the lives of priests and how Jesus lived.

In the foundational years of Christianity, the sexual purity of women was of no great concern. An unmarried girl’s sexual activity was seen, according to historian of early Christianity Peter Brown, as “simply a bad omen for her future conduct.” A sexually active teen might grow up to be a wife who took lovers, not that that was such a bad thing either. The goal of marriage was not a sacred union of souls, but reproduction—needed to replenish the constantly keeling-over population at a time when the average lifespan was twenty-five years.

For a woman to take a vow of abstinence, then, was considered radical. St. Cecilia was a buzzkill at her own engagement party, wearing sackcloth and ashes. When Thecla left her fiancé to don men’s clothing and preach alongside Paul the Apostle, the rejected suitor complained that this denigration of marriage was “bizarre and disruptive to the human race.” It was certainly disruptive to families. Early women of the church had to fight their fathers to take their vows, and they fended off prospective suitors by making themselves repulsive: shaving their heads, scarring their faces, cutting out their own eyes.
history  u.s.a.  sex  sexism  religion  politics  christianity  gender 
january 2017 by iamfantastikate
Cleveland creating 'Don King Way' where Don King killed a man
A Cleveland street where iconic boxing promoter Don King once killed a man 50 years ago is about to be renamed… Don King Way. Only in America.
wtf  ohio  history  sports  u.s.a. 
november 2016 by iamfantastikate
The Lost Civilization of Dial-Up Bulletin Board Systems
The sysops might initiate one-on-one chat at any time. Long before texting and Slacking and Facebook messaging became the norm for interchange, BBS chats felt like being with someone in person. Sometimes strong personal relationships were built. My best friend is someone I first met when he called my BBS in 1993.

That personal connection was sorely missing on big-name online subscription services of the time—Prodigy, CompuServe, and AOL. Even today, the internet is so overwhelmingly intertwined that it doesn't have the same intimate feel. Once the web arrived in the mid-1990s, it seemed inevitable that the BBS would die off.

But every mass extinction has its holdouts. Even today, a small community of people still run and call BBSes. Many seek the digital intimacy they lost years ago; 373 BBSes still operate, according to the Telnet BBS Guide, mostly in the United States.
history  media  bbs 
november 2016 by iamfantastikate
“Hunger, filth, fear and death”: remembering life before the NHS
I agreed to speak about the NHS because I know there are few people left who can remember that brutal time before the welfare state, when life for many was short and cruel. I felt that I owed it to my sister Marion, whose life was cut short by extreme poverty and poor health care, along with all of those other victims of a society that protected the rich and condemned the poor to miserable lives.
equality  poverty  uk  politics  health  money  history 
february 2016 by iamfantastikate
Edgar Allan Poe Had a Time Machine and I Can Prove It
Curious and tragic, yes, but hardly evidence that the acclaimed horror writer could transcend the limits of space and time. No, my time travel theory concerns the author’s creative output, which you’ll soon see, is so flukishly prophetic as to make my outlandish claim seem plausible—nay, probable!
history  writing  funny  amazing 
january 2016 by iamfantastikate
Anne Frank’s Diary Gains ‘Co-Author’ in Copyright Move
But now the Swiss foundation that holds the copyright to “The Diary of Anne Frank” is alerting publishers that her father is not only the editor but also legally the co-author of the celebrated book. The move has a practical effect: It extends the copyright from Jan. 1, when it is set to expire in most of Europe, to the end of 2050. Copyrights in Europe generally end 70 years after an author’s death. Anne Frank died 70 years ago at Bergen-Belsen, a concentration camp, and Otto Frank died in 1980. Extending the copyright would block others from being able to publish the book without paying royalties or receiving permission. In the United States, the diary’s copyright will still end in 2047, 95 years after the first publication of the book in 1952.
copyright  media  books  history  politics  money 
november 2015 by iamfantastikate
Dear Pedants: Your Fave Grammar Rule is Probably Fake
It is indeed important to learn the accepted linguistic conventions of the standard dialect for reasons of communication, clarity and even persuasive style. But it happens to be a historically privileged dialect and is not inherently linguistically better than other, non-standard dialects of English. Even if you don’t buy this linguistic fact, like all dialects, even ones you may perceive to be ungrammatical, there are rules which reflect how speakers actually use the language. These rules are not formed by some invisible authority on high, never to be questioned, ever.
language  history  writing 
august 2015 by iamfantastikate
DECLARATION OF CAUSES: February 2, 1861 A declaration of the causes which impel the State of Texas to secede from the Federal Union. | TSLAC
In all the non-slave-holding States, in violation of that good faith and comity which should exist between entirely distinct nations, the people have formed themselves into a great sectional party, now strong enough in numbers to control the affairs of each of those States, based upon the unnatural feeling of hostility to these Southern States and their beneficent and patriarchal system of African slavery, proclaiming the debasing doctrine of the equality of all men, irrespective of race or color--a doctrine at war with nature, in opposition to the experience of mankind, and in violation of the plainest revelations of the Divine Law.
history  texas  u.s.a.  racism  equality  politics 
june 2015 by iamfantastikate
Early men and women were equal, say scientists
The study suggests that it was only with the dawn of agriculture, when people were able to accumulate resources for the first time, that an imbalance emerged. “Men can start to have several wives and they can have more children than women,” said Dyble. “It pays more for men to start accumulating resources and becomes favourable to form alliances with male kin.” Dyble said that egalitarianism may even have been one of the important factors that distinguished our ancestors from our primate cousins. “Chimpanzees live in quite aggressive, male-dominated societies with clear hierarchies,” he said. “As a result, they just don’t see enough adults in their lifetime for technologies to be sustained.”
history  science  equality  gender  equality  sexism 
may 2015 by iamfantastikate
Hypatia (/haɪˈpeɪʃiə/ hy-pay-sh(ee)ə or /haɪˈpætiə/ hy-pat-ee-ə;[2] Greek: Ὑπατία Hypatía) (born c. AD 350 – 370; died 415[1][3]) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Byzantine Empire.[4] She was the head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, where she taught philosophy and astronomy.[5][6][7][8] According to contemporary sources, Hypatia was murdered by a Christian mob after being accused of exacerbating a conflict between two prominent figures in Alexandria: the governor Orestes and the Bishop of Alexandria.[9]
wikipedia  history  science  amazing-women  religion 
april 2015 by iamfantastikate
Anglo-Saxon remedy kills hospital superbug MRSA
If the 9th Century recipe does lead to new drugs, they might be useful against MRSA skin infections such as those that cause foot ulcers in people with diabetes. "These are usually antibiotic-resistant," says Diggle. However, he doesn't recommend people try this at home. It wouldn't be the first modern drug to be derived from ancient manuscripts – the widely used antimalarial drug artemisinin was discovered by scouring historical Chinese medical texts.
health  history  science  drugs  amazing 
april 2015 by iamfantastikate
Guatemalans deliberately infected with STDs sue Johns Hopkins University for $1bn
The experiments, which occurred between 1945 and 1956, were kept secret until they were discovered in 2010 by a college professor, Susan Reverby. The programme published no findings and did not inform Guatemalans who were infected of the consequences of their participation, nor did it provide them with follow up medical care or inform them of ways to prevent the infections spreading, the lawsuit states. Orphans, prisoners and mental health patients were deliberately infected in the experiments.
u.s.a.  guatemala  health  science  wtf  history  abuse  crime 
april 2015 by iamfantastikate
A Christian Nation? Since When?
Back in the 1930s, business leaders found themselves on the defensive. Their public prestige had plummeted with the Great Crash; their private businesses were under attack by Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal from above and labor from below. To regain the upper hand, corporate leaders fought back on all fronts. They waged a figurative war in statehouses and, occasionally, a literal one in the streets; their campaigns extended from courts of law to the court of public opinion. But nothing worked particularly well until they began an inspired public relations offensive that cast capitalism as the handmaiden of Christianity.
christianity  u.s.a.  history  politics  money  corruption 
march 2015 by iamfantastikate has grown to serve the entire state with nearly 7,000 original, sourced essays as of February 2015. It now serves an average of 5,000 visitors a day -- one third of whom are K-12 teachers and students. The site debuted with demonstration content on May 1, 1998. Like the communities and state it chronicles, is a work in progress. We add new features and essays continuously to fill gaps and enlarge on selected subjects, and existing essays are often expanded or corrected to reflect new information.
washington-state  seattle  history  u.s.a. 
march 2015 by iamfantastikate
Clean Water Act 101—A bit of legislative history
In this age of partisan warfare, of politicians voting strictly along party lines, and of misguided efforts to eviscerate the Environmental Protection Agency and environmental regulation as we know it, it’s fascinating to look back and revisit the passage of the Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972—also known as the Clean Water Act.  For while President Richard Nixon is often credited with establishing the Environmental Protection Agency, and with signing many of our federal environmental statutes into law, those who were not old enough at the time to remember may not be aware that President Nixon actually vetoed the Clean Water Act out of a stated concern for “spiraling prices and increasingly onerous taxes.”  In his October 17, 1972 Statement on Veto, President Nixon complained about the ”staggering, budget wrecking $24 billion” provided for in the bill, and “hope[d], with millions of taxpayers, that at least one third plus one of the members in one House will be responsible enough to vote for the public interest and sustain this veto.”
history  u.s.a.  politics  republicans  democrats  environment 
february 2015 by iamfantastikate
Harsh world of slavery focus of Louisiana plantation museum
Life-size sculptures of slave children haunt the clapboard church on the grounds of the old sugar cane plantation, where ceramic heads of black men will soon sway on pikes in the Louisiana breeze. Unlike other plantation museums along the Great River Road between New Orleans and Baton Rouge, the newly opened and under-construction Whitney Plantation focuses squarely on the plight of slaves.
history  u.s.a.  louisiana  racism  equality  art  amazing  amazing-men 
january 2015 by iamfantastikate
A Canadian City Once Eliminated Poverty And Nearly Everyone Forgot About It
Between 1974 and 1979, residents of a small Manitoba city were selected to be subjects in a project that ensured basic annual incomes for everyone. For five years, monthly cheques were delivered to the poorest residents of Dauphin, Man. – no strings attached. And for five years, poverty was completely eliminated. The program was dubbed “Mincome” – a neologism of “minimum income” – and it was the first of its kind in North America. It stood out from similar American projects at the time because it didn’t shut out seniors and the disabled from qualification.
canada  money  poverty  economy  politics  futurology  history 
january 2015 by iamfantastikate
Wojtek (bear)
Wojtek (1942–1963; Polish pronunciation: [ˈvɔjtɛk]) usually spelled Voytek in English, was a Syrian brown bear cub found in Iran and adopted by soldiers of the 22nd Artillery Supply Company of the Polish II Corps. During the Battle of Monte Cassino, Wojtek helped move ammunition. The name "Wojtek" is a diminutive form of "Wojciech", an old Slavic name that is still common in Poland today and means "he who enjoys war" or "smiling warrior".[1]
wikipedia  funny  animals  amazing  war  poland  history 
december 2014 by iamfantastikate
Rosetta science: Study suggests water on Earth did not come from comets
In a study published Wednesday in the journal Science, researchers working with Rosetta's ROSINA instrument report that the water being released into space by comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko has a different chemical fingerprint than the water on Earth. This finding leads the authors to conclude that water on Earth probably came from asteroids, rather than comets.
space  science  environment  history 
december 2014 by iamfantastikate
There’s a whole genre of 9/11 Truther songs, and they’re insane
But did you know that there’s a whole genre of 9/11 Truther music? Truther Rock, or as I’m fond of calling it, Adult Conspiracy. Conspiracy theories, born on the fringes of the internet and talk radio, tend to stay there. However, some people have tried to advance the message with songs. The result is often an artful train wreck. And frankly, the musical vehicles which Truthers use to make themselves more accessible just end up making them sound crazier.
funny  history  u.s.a.  music  wtf  politics 
october 2014 by iamfantastikate
Five scary Christopher Columbus quotes that let you celebrate the holiday the right way
Rape! Columbus was such a mensch, he would let his men do whatever they wanted with the natives they captured. One of his men and a childhood friend of Columbus, Michele da Cuneo, describes in a letter how he raped a native woman.
history  u.s.a.  italy  racism  sexism  equality 
october 2014 by iamfantastikate
The Sound So Loud That It Circled the Earth Four Times
Think, for a moment, just how crazy this is. If you’re in Boston and someone tells you that they heard a sound coming from New York City, you’re probably going to give them a funny look. But Boston is a mere 200 miles from New York. What we’re talking about here is like being in Boston and clearly hearing a noise coming from Dublin, Ireland. Travelling at the speed of sound (766 miles or 1,233 kilometers per hour), it takes a noise about 4 hours to cover that distance. This is the most distant sound that has ever been heard in recorded history.
science  history  environment 
october 2014 by iamfantastikate
F-16 pilot was ready to give her life on Sept. 11
The one thing she didn’t have as she roared into the crystalline sky was live ammunition. Or missiles. Or anything at all to throw at a hostile aircraft. Except her own plane. So that was the plan.
war  history  amazing  amazing-women  u.s.a. 
september 2014 by iamfantastikate
When Women Wanted Sex Much More Than Men
Womens’ supposed greater sex drive was an argument for their inferiority, but once the assumption became reversed, no one argued that mens’ lustfulness was a sign of a fundamental irrationality that should preclude them from business and politics. Rather than a handicap, a large sexual appetite was positive once it came to be seen as a characteristic of men. Women, being passionless, supposedly lacked the drive and ambition to succeed. Much like sex, the public realm of work was dirty and distasteful, hardly suitable to womens’ delicate sensibilities. Since their instincts were maternal rather than sexual, they were best suited to staying virtuously at home with the children. Black women and poor women, on the other hand, were firmly shut out from the dainty flower role. They were still seen as suitable for both work and for satisfying white mens’ sexual urges that were no longer appropriate for their wives.
history  sex  sexuality  sexism  gender  equality  equality  religion 
july 2014 by iamfantastikate
Iraqi refugees in despair in Jordan long for Saddam era
Farouq also thinks that Jordan sooner or later will be affected by the crisis in Iraq. When he is asked what kind of circumstances would make him return to his homeland, he smiled for the first time. “I hope someone like Saddam will take over the country. Then we can defeat the extremists and rebuild Iraq again," he said. “And then I would definitely go back."
religion  islam  war  iraq  history  jordan  politics 
july 2014 by iamfantastikate
Texas county unwittingly votes in favour of reparations for African Americans
Dallas county commissioners unanimously passed a Juneteenth resolution on Tuesday that appeared to be another routine proclamation, commemorating the end of slavery in the United States. But the resolution went further by including a list of injustices, and then stating in the final paragraph that blacks' suffering should be "satisfied with monetary and substantial reparations".
funny  texas  u.s.a.  politics  history  racism  money  equality 
june 2014 by iamfantastikate
Agnes Marshall
She wrote four books: Ices Plain and Fancy: The Book of Ices (1885), Mrs. A.B. Marshall's Book of Cookery (1888), Mrs. A.B. Marshall's Larger Cookery Book of Extra Recipes (1891) and Fancy Ices (1894). She also gave public lectures on cooking, and ran an agency for domestic staff. She was granted a patent for an improved ice cream machine that could freeze a pint of ice cream in five minutes, and also suggested using liquid nitrogen to make ice cream. With her husband, she established the Marshall School of Cookery in Mortimer Street in 1883, and published a weekly magazine, The Table, from 1886. The couple also sold cooking supplies and equipment.
wikipedia  amazing-women  food  history  uk  england 
june 2014 by iamfantastikate
Wiki: History of US federal minimum wage increases.svg
A history of minimum wage increases in the U.S. under the 1938 act. Shows nominal dollars and 2013 dollars.
pics  history  u.s.a.  politics  money  poverty  wikipedia 
may 2014 by iamfantastikate
Birth rates vary by season and latitude: What explains the peaks?
Behavior aside, environment does seem to affect fertility in would-be mothers and fathers both. There is a regular seasonal variation in sperm quality. A recent study examined several thousand semen samples and measured sperm concentration, motility, and morphology. Sperm concentration was highest in spring and lowest in autumn. Motility was highest in summer, and it, too, decreased through the autumn months. And reproduction is, of course, extremely energy intensive. Ovarian function seems to vary with seasonal changes in energy. Successful birth depends on things going right throughout gestation, and there may be seasonal effects on miscarriage, for example from influenza outbreaks.
health  science  history  psychology  children 
april 2014 by iamfantastikate
Wiki: Jackie Mitchell
Virne Beatrice "Jackie" Mitchell Gilbert (August 29, 1912 – January 7, 1987)[1] was one of the first female pitchers in professional baseball history. Pitching for the Chattanooga Lookouts Class AA minor league baseball team in an exhibition game against the New York Yankees, she struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in succession.[2]
wikipedia  sports  history  u.s.a.  politics  sexism  equality  gender  equality  tennessee  amazing-women 
april 2014 by iamfantastikate
From child labor to $15/hour, new report reveals 100 years of Chicken Little predictions by business
In the century since Washington State first passed a minimum wage, the real-world data has become increasingly clear: raising wages lifts workers out of poverty, creates new customers, boosts the economy, has very moderate price impacts, and does not reduce job growth. But despite the long-standing experiential evidence dating all the way back to 1915, some business lobbyists continue to tell the same scare stories they’ve been telling for the last century — even though the sky has yet to fall.
history  money  poverty  equality  u.s.a.  washington-state  seattle  politics 
april 2014 by iamfantastikate
8 pronunciation errors that made the English language what it is today
The point is malapropisms and mispronunciations are fairly common. The 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary lists 171,476 words as being in common use. But the average person's vocabulary is tens of thousands smaller, and the number of words they use every day smaller still. There are bound to be things we've read or are vaguely familiar with, but not able to pronounce as we are supposed to.
language  history  funny 
april 2014 by iamfantastikate
Neanderthal-human sex bred light skins and infertility
One of the genes, BNC2, is involved in skin pigmentation. That implies that Eurasians owe their paler skins partly to Neanderthals. Light skin is an advantage at higher latitudes because it is more efficient at generating vitamin D from sunlight, so Neanderthal DNA may have helped modern humans to adapt to life outside Africa.
science  evolution  history  health  neanderthals 
march 2014 by iamfantastikate
'There is no DNA test to prove you're Native American'
Has ancestry testing thrown up any surprises? The Seaconke Wampanoag tribe in Massachusetts is one of the few I know of that have used genetic-ancestry testing. They found they had all this African and European genetic lineage mixed in. However, I think anybody who knows Native American history would not be surprised at the way their DNA test results came out. Native people in that part of the country have been intermarrying with descendants of European and African people since the 1600s. What that shows me is that being a member of a Native American tribe cannot be seen as totally biological.
science  psychology  racism  history  u.s.a.  equality 
march 2014 by iamfantastikate
Wounded landscape: how Norway is remembering its 2011 Utøya massacre
The most striking memorial is called Memory Wound. The 43-year-old artist has sliced a three-and-a-half-metre-wide slit into the Sørbråten peninsula, which faces the island of Utøya where Breivik killed 69 people. It marks a "symbolic wound" in the landscape.
norway  history  art  amazing 
march 2014 by iamfantastikate
Wiki: Rebecca Lee Crumpler
Crumpler worked for the Freedmen's Bureau to provide medical care to freed slaves. She was subject to "intense racism": "men doctors snubbed her, druggists balked at filling her prescriptions, and some people wisecracked that the M.D. behind her name stood for nothing more than 'Mule Driver.'"
amazing-women  science  health  racism  history  wikipedia  massachusetts  sexism  equality  gender  equality 
march 2014 by iamfantastikate
Fossilized human feces from 14th century contain antibiotic resistance genes
Over the last five years, considerable evidence has emerged that bacteria inhabiting the gut play an important role in maintaining human health, for example, as part of the human metabolic system, says Desnues. Her own research suggests that the bacteriophage infecting the gut bacteria may help maintain these bacteria. Among the genes found in the phage are antibiotic resistance genes and genes for resistance to toxic compounds. Both toxins and antibiotics are common in nature, and Desnues suggests that the resistance genes may simply be protecting the gut bacteria from them.
health  science  history 
march 2014 by iamfantastikate
Camels Had No Business in Genesis
There are too many camels in the Bible, out of time and out of place. Camels probably had little or no role in the lives of such early Jewish patriarchs as Abraham, Jacob and Joseph, who lived in the first half of the second millennium B.C., and yet stories about them mention these domesticated pack animals more than 20 times. Genesis 24, for example, tells of Abraham’s servant going by camel on a mission to find a wife for Isaac.
atheism  religion  judaism  christianity  history  animals  funny 
february 2014 by iamfantastikate
Play as a Foundation for Hunter-Gatherer Social Existence by Peter Gray
The author offers the thesis that hunter-gatherers promoted, through cultural means, the playful side of their human nature and this made possible their egalitarian, nonautocratic, intensely cooperative ways of living. Hunter-gatherer bands, with their fluid membership, are likened to social-play groups, which people could freely join or leave. Freedom to leave the band sets the stage for the individual autonomy, sharing, and consensual decision making within the band. Hunter-gatherers used humor, deliberately, to maintain equality and stop quarrels. Their means of sharing had gamelike qualities. Their religious beliefs and ceremonies were playful, founded on assumptions of equality, humor, and capriciousness among the deities. They maintained playful attitudes in their hunting, gathering, and other sustenance activities, partly by allowing each person to choose when, how, and how much they would engage in such activities....
science  psychology  history  health 
february 2014 by iamfantastikate
Creationism in Texas public schools: Undermining the charter movement.
When public-school students enrolled in Texas’ largest charter program open their biology workbooks, they will read that the fossil record is “sketchy.” That evolution is “dogma” and an “unproved theory” with no experimental basis. They will be told that leading scientists dispute the mechanisms of evolution and the age of the Earth. These are all lies.
education  children  texas  politics  sexism  history  science  u.s.a.  religion  christianity 
february 2014 by iamfantastikate
We are scholars/experts on Ancient Judaism, Christianity, and the Bible - ask us anything! : AskHistorians
I'm sure this hardly needs to be said, but...we're here, first and foremost, as historians and scholars of Judaism and Christianity. These are fields of study in which impartial, peer-reviewed academic research is done, just like any other area of the humanities. While there may be questions that are relevant to modern theology – perhaps something like “which Biblical texts can elucidate the modern Christian theological concept of the so-called 'fate of the unevangelized', and what was their original context?” – we're here today to address things based only on our knowledge of academic research and the history of Judaism and Christianity.
reddit  history  religion  religion-christianity  religion-judaism  religion-zoroastrianism 
december 2013 by iamfantastikate

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