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‘Last Secret’ of 1967 War: Israel’s Doomsday Plan for Nuclear Display - The New York Times
By WILLIAM J. BROAD and DAVID E. SANGER JUNE 3, 2017

On the eve of the Arab-Israeli war, 50 years ago this week, Israeli officials raced to assemble an atomic device and developed a plan to detonate it atop a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula as a warning to Egyptian and other Arab forces, according to an interview with a key organizer of the effort that will be published Monday.

The secret contingency plan, called a “doomsday operation” by Itzhak Yaakov, the retired brigadier general who described it in the interview, would have been invoked if Israel feared it was going to lose the 1967 conflict. The demonstration blast, Israeli officials believed, would intimidate Egypt and surrounding Arab states — Syria, Iraq and Jordan — into backing off.

Israel won the war so quickly that the atomic device was never moved to Sinai.
existential  Israel  Arab-Israeli_War  anniversaries  1967  nuclear  secrets  Doomsday  Arab-Muslim_world  Six-Day_War  David_Sanger 
june 2017 by jerryking
Robert F. Worth’s ‘A Rage for Order’ - The New York Times
By KENNETH M. POLLACKAPRIL 25, 2016
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Middle_East  Arab-Muslim_world  Arab_Spring  ISIS 
may 2016 by jerryking
Contain and Amplify - NYTimes.com
MAY 27, 2015
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Thomas L. Friedman
Tom_Friedman  pluralism  Arab-Muslim_world  Middle_East  religious_tolerance  Syria  Yemen  Libya 
may 2015 by jerryking
An Economic Statecraft Model - NYTimes.com
By DAVID ROHDE
Published: May 7, 2013

The Obama administration’s efforts in the region should be more economic than military. “The United States government has done a terrible job of focusing on economic issues in the Middle East,” Thomas R. Nides, a former deputy secretary of state, told me recently. “You have huge youth unemployment and no hope.”

This argument is hardly new. “To succeed, the Arab political awakening must also be an economic awakening,” Mrs. Clinton said, more than a year ago. “Economic policy is foreign policy,” her successor, John Kerry, said this week.

Last month he asked Congress to approve the creation of a $580 million “incentive fund” that would reward countries in the Middle East and North Africa for enacting reforms that foster market-based economies, democratic norms, independent courts and civil societies.
Africa  statecraft  foreign_aid  foreign_policy  economic_policy  Arab-Muslim_world  Junior_Achievement  economic_warfare 
may 2013 by jerryking
The Scary Hidden Stressor - NYTimes.com
By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN
Published: March 2, 2013

Consider this: The world’s top nine wheat-importers are in the Middle East: “Seven had political protests resulting in civilian deaths in 2011,” said Sternberg. “Households in the countries that experience political unrest spend, on average, more than 35 percent of their income on food supplies,” compared with less than 10 percent in developed countries.
"The stressor is never the only explanation for the crime, but it is inevitably an important factor in a complex set of variables that lead to a disaster. “The Arab Spring and Climate Change” doesn’t claim that climate change caused the recent wave of Arab revolutions, but, taken together, the essays make a strong case that the interplay between climate change, food prices (particularly wheat) and politics is a hidden stressor that helped to fuel the revolutions and will continue to make consolidating them into stable democracies much more difficult. "...
Everything is linked: Chinese drought and Russian bushfires produced wheat shortages leading to higher bread prices fueling protests in Tahrir Square. Sternberg calls it the globalization of “hazard.”
Tom_Friedman  Arab-Muslim_world  climate_change  food  fault_lines  hidden  multiple_stressors  political_instability  political_unrest 
march 2013 by jerryking
A Long War - WSJ.com
April 16, 2003 | WSJ | By R. JAMES WOOLSEY
James_Woolsey  Arab-Muslim_world  Cold_War 
july 2012 by jerryking
Arabs and free trade -
13 May 2003 |The Globe and Mail A.18 | editorials

The decades-old Arab economic boycott of Israel is a "cut off your nose to spite your face" kind of measure -- hurtful to Israel's Western-oriented economy but equally damaging to Arab economies, which would benefit from trade with the Middle East's strongest player.

In a sense, though, the boycott is standard fare among Arab countries. They don't simply close their borders to Israeli products; they close them to each other's products, too. Arab states have some of the global economy's highest tariff barriers, averaging 20 per cent or more. Many, including Saudi Arabia, are not even members of the World Trade Organization.

It has been almost 30 years since the oil embargo against the West, which proved to be the high-water mark for Arab economic influence. Since then, Arab countries have failed to diversify, even into oil-related products such as petrochemicals. Dependence on fluctuating oil revenues has only grown. Meanwhile, according to the International Monetary Fund, many Arab countries maintain greater state control over their economies than existed in the old Soviet bloc.

Per-capita incomes, unsurprisingly, are declining. The gross domestic product of the entire Arab world is less than Spain's, and only four-fifths of Canada's. Last year, Arab countries received less foreign investment than did Sweden.
ProQuest  editorials  Middle_East  Arab-Muslim_world  boycotts  decline  global_economy 
july 2012 by jerryking
The missing link, indeed
September 6, 2006| Globe & Mail | Letter to the editor
If foreign policy drives Islamic terror, could Ms. Khan explain the beheading of Christian schoolgirls in the Philippines, the murder of citizens in Thailand, the bombing of tourists in Egypt, the slaughter of black Africans in Sudan, the killing of more than 100,000 Algerians, the massacre of Indians in Mumbai, the daily slaughter of Shiites by Sunnis in Iraq, and murder and mayhem over cartoons? Is the common denominator a belligerent foreign policy toward the Muslim world?
Islamic  terrorism  foreign_policy  Arab-Muslim_world  appeasement  Canada  letters_to_the_editor 
june 2012 by jerryking
'Oops. I Told the Truth.'
October 17, 2004 | NYT | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN.

The next U.S. president has three baby booms bearing down at us, and without a massive injection of truth-telling they could all explode on the next president's watch.
(1)American baby boom generation is now just two presidential terms away from claiming its Social Security and Medicare benefits.
(2) the young people in India, China and Eastern Europe, who in this increasingly flat world will be able to compete with your kids and mine more directly than ever for high-value-added jobs.
(3) the Arab world. The Arab region has had the highest rate of population growth in the world in the last half century. It has among the highest unemployment rates in the world today. And one-third of the Arab population is under the age of 15 and will soon be entering both a barren job market and its child-bearing years.
flat_world  Tom_Friedman  truth-telling  Bill_Cosby  Arab-Muslim_world  high-wage  baby_boomers  India  China  Eastern_Europe  young_people 
january 2012 by jerryking
Pop-Tarts Or Freedom? - Op-Ed - NYTimes.com
January 16, 2005 | NYT | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN;

In the wake of U.S. aid to help Muslim and other victims of the recent tsunami, Colin Powell suggested that maybe, now that the Muslim world had seen ''American generosity'' and ''American values in action,'' it wouldn't be so hostile to America.

Don't hold your breath waiting for a thank-you card. If the fact that American soldiers have risked their lives to save the Muslims of Bosnia, the Muslims of Kuwait, the Muslims of Somalia, the Muslims of Afghanistan and the Muslims of Iraq has earned the U.S. only the false accusation of being ''anti-Muslim,'' trust me, U.S. troops passing out bottled water and Pop-Tarts in Indonesia are not going to erase that lie. It is not an exaggeration to say that, if you throw in the Oslo peace process, U.S. foreign policy for the last 15 years has been dominated by an effort to save Muslims -- not from tsunamis, but from tyrannies, mostly their own theocratic or autocratic regimes.
U.S.foreign_policy  Arab-Muslim_world  Arab_Spring  autocrats  op-eds  Tom_Friedman  anti-Americanism  tyrants  tsunamis  Muslim  Colin_Powell 
january 2012 by jerryking
Canada can help stop this march to the abyss
Aug 1, 2006 | The Globe and Mail pg. A.15 | Michael Ignatieff

Hezbollah's strategy is to lure Israel into an escalation of violence that will radicalize the Arab world and cause Israel to lose its remaining international support. The terrible tragedy in Qana, which claimed more than 50 lives, is thus a victory for Hezbollah. But that is not all. Hezbollah then hopes to draw Israel into a wider conflict that would result in its ultimate destruction. In this terrible struggle, Israel cannot win, Hezbollah cannot lose and Lebanon perishes.
ProQuest  Michael_Ignatieff  Lebanon  Israel  Hezbollah  Canada  legitimacy  Arab-Muslim_world  Middle_East 
october 2011 by jerryking
1967: A critical year for Obama’s presidency - The Globe and Mail
KONRAD YAKABUSKI | Columnist profile | E-mail
WASHINGTON AND JERUSALEM— From Saturday's Globe and Mail
Published Friday, May. 20, 2011
1967  Arab-Muslim_world  Middle_East  obama  U.S.foreign_policy  Six-Day_War  Benjamin_Netanyahu  Konrad_Yakabuski  Mideast_Peace 
may 2011 by jerryking
Tribes With Flags - NYTimes.com
By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN
Published: March 22, 2011

Is the battle for Libya the clash of a brutal dictator against a
democratic opposition, or is it fundamentally a tribal civil war?”
...Iraqis still have not given us the definitive answer to their key
question: Is Iraq the way Iraq is because Saddam was the way Saddam was
or was Saddam the way Saddam was because Iraq is the way Iraq is: a
tribalized society? All the other Arab states now hosting rebellions —
Yemen, Syria, Bahrain and Libya — are Iraq-like civil-wars-in-waiting.
Some may get lucky and their army may play the role of the guiding hand
to democracy, but don’t bet on it.

In other words, Libya is just the front-end of a series of moral and
strategic dilemmas we are going to face as these Arab uprisings proceed
through the tribes with flags."
tribalism  civil_wars  Arab-Muslim_world  Libya  uprisings  Tom_Friedman  Arab_Spring  tribes 
march 2011 by jerryking
China, Twitter and 20-Year-Olds vs. the Pyramids - NYTimes.com
By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN
February 5, 2011
The forces that were upholding the status quo in the Arab world for so
long — oil, autocracy, the distraction of Israel, and a fear of the
chaos that could come with change — have finally met an engine of change
that is even more powerful: China, Twitter and 20-year-olds. ...Egypt’s
government has wasted the last 30 years — i.e., their whole lives —
plying them with the soft bigotry of low expectations: “Be patient.
Egypt moves at its own pace, like the Nile.” Well, great. Singapore also
moves at its own pace, like the Internet. ....The Arab world has 100
million young people today between the ages of 15 and 29, many of them
males who do not have the education to get a good job, buy an apartment
and get married. That is trouble. Add in rising food prices, and the
diffusion of Twitter, Facebook and texting, which finally gives them a
voice to talk back to their leaders and directly to each other, and you
have a very powerful change engine.
Singapore  China  Middle_East  Arab-Muslim_world  Egypt  Tom_Friedman  competitiveness_of_nations  Arab_Spring  sclerotic  young_people 
february 2011 by jerryking
Op-Ed Columnist - www.jihad.com - NYTimes.com
By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN
Published: December 15, 2009

Only Arabs and Muslims can fight the war of ideas within Islam. Islam
needs the same civil war. It has a violent minority that believes bad
things: that it is O.K. to not only murder non-Muslims — “infidels,” who
do not submit to Muslim authority — but to murder Muslims as well who
will not accept the most rigid Muslim lifestyle and submit to rule by a
Muslim caliphate.

What is really scary is that this violent, jihadist minority seems to
enjoy the most “legitimacy” in the Muslim world today. Few political and
religious leaders dare to speak out against them in public. Secular
Arab leaders wink at these groups, telling them: “We’ll arrest if you do
it to us, but if you leave us alone and do it elsewhere, no problem.”
Tom_Friedman  Afghanistan  Virtual_Afghanistan  Arab-Muslim_world  online_recruiting  silence 
december 2009 by jerryking
Op-Ed Columnist - This I Believe
December 1, 2009 | NYTimes.com | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN
Arab-Muslim_world  Tom_Friedman  Afghanistan  Iran 
december 2009 by jerryking
America vs. The Narrative
November 28, 2009 | - NYTimes.com | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN. It
seems that Major Hasan was just another angry jihadist spurred to
action by “The Narrative,.” which is the cocktail of half-truths,
propaganda and outright lies about America that have taken hold in the
Arab-Muslim world since 9/11. Propagated by jihadist Web sites, mosque
preachers, Arab intellectuals, satellite news stations and books — and
tacitly endorsed by some Arab regimes — this narrative posits that
America has declared war on Islam, as part of a grand
“American-Crusader-Zionist conspiracy” to keep Muslims down. Yes, after
two decades in which U.S. foreign policy has been largely dedicated to
rescuing Muslims or trying to help free them from tyranny — in Bosnia,
Darfur, Kuwait, Somalia, Lebanon, Kurdistan, post-earthquake Pakistan,
post-tsunami Indonesia, Iraq and Afghanistan — a narrative that says
America is dedicated to keeping Muslims down is thriving.
anti-Americanism  Tom_Friedman  U.S.foreign_policy  Arab-Muslim_world  counternarratives 
november 2009 by jerryking
Bret Stephens: The Carter Ricochet Effect - WSJ.com
NOVEMBER 23, 2009 | Wall Street Journal | by BRET STEPHENS.
Takeaway message? Even the purest of motives can lead to the most
disastrous results.
Bret_Stephens  Obama  U.S.foreign_policy  Islam  takeaways  Arab-Muslim_world  anti-Americanism  Saudis 
november 2009 by jerryking

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