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Four Ways to Innovate Through Analogies - WSJ - WSJ
By JOHN POLLACK
Nov. 7, 2014 | WSJ |

Here are four rules for innovating through analogy.

(1) Question conventional analogies. Always kick the tires on the analogies you encounter or consider. Some analogies ring true at first but fall apart on closer examination.
(2) Explore multiple analogies. No matter how seductive an analogy may be, be sure to examine several others before deciding which one might be most useful. Usually, more than one analogy can shed light on a given situation.
(3) Look to diverse sources. The art of analogy flows from creative re-categorization and the information that we extract from surprising sources
(4) Simplify. Similarly, Steve Jobs recognized that the digital “desktop,” first developed but unappreciated at Xerox PARC, was an analogy with the potential to make computers accessible to millions of people—an insight he put to work when he launched the first Mac.
storytelling  pattern_recognition  innovation  analogies  simplicity  Charles_Darwin  theory  theory_of_evolution  conventional_wisdom  Steve_Jobs  under_appreciated  Xerox 
november 2014 by jerryking
Darwin's Famous Finding
To quote Darwin, although some don't credit him with it, "it is not the strongest that survive, nor the most intelligent, but those most adaptable to change".
Charles_Darwin  adaptability  theory_of_evolution  Darwinism  change  quotes 
october 2014 by jerryking
Let's get Darwin's theory straight
Oct. 24, 2011 | The Financial Times p8. | Letter to the editor
Darwin was not interested in the survival of fit individuals. He observed and described how groups and their traits survived - specifically, its members must live long enough to procreate, leaving fertile offspring.

We are evolutionarily irrelevant once we stop bearing children or if we bear infertile children. If a weak, weedy, timid man or woman leaves a dozen procreating children, he or she is a Darwinian "fit" survivor. A war hero or heroine who bears no children is evolutionarily unfit. The genetic traits of the weedy will survive, those of the heroes will not.

This is Darwinian evolution. In business terms it can be applied, for instance, to Coca-Cola and Apple, whose former employees survived to spawn many other soft drink and technology companies. But without survival to procreation of fertile offspring, there are none fit to survive, in Darwinian theory. This is the basis of natural selection of genetic traits.
letters_to_the_editor  Charles_Darwin  Luke_Johnson  evolution  theory_of_evolution  natural_selection  Darwinian 
november 2011 by jerryking
Six Victorian inheritances we should cherish -
May. 22, 2011 | The Globe and Mail | Editorial.

Science: The adoption and regularization of the scientific method and the emergence of Darwinism - especially as promoted to the general public by Thomas Huxley.

Humanitarianism: Emergence of internationalism, growing partly from the anti-slavery movement and later energized by the statesman William Ewart Gladstone's articulation of the need to recognize the rights of many small nations. As Gladstone said of the downtrodden: "The sanctity of life in the hill villages of Afghanistan among the winter snows, is as inviolable in the eyes of Almighty God as can be your own." Closer to home, Charles Dickens was a powerful advocate for the poor and for factory workers.

Feminism: The roots of the modern women's movement are to be found, in part, in the establishment of women's colleges at Oxford and Cambridge in the last third of the 19th century - and in J.S. Mill's book The Subjection of Women.

Free trade: International trade networks were given impetus by the liberals of "the Manchester school," imperial collaboration and colonial development; the result of all these was a form of what is now called globalization.

Progress: The Victorians, arguably more than any other series of generations, demonstrated their commitment to the idea of progress; the Great Exhibition of 1851, held in the Crystal Palace in London, probably stands as the most conspicuous expression of industrial progress. Prince Albert was an enthusiastic backer, as was his wife Queen Victoria.

Democracy: The electoral franchise was expanded successively in 1832, 1867 and 1885.
19th_century  Charles_Darwin  Charles_Dickens  democracy  feminism  free-trade  history  imperialism  inheritances  John_Stuart_Mill  liberal  op-ed  philosophy  political_theory  utilitarianism  values  Victorian  William_Gladstone  women's_movement 
may 2011 by jerryking
Solving Darwin's Medical Mystery - WSJ.com
MAY 10, 2011

Solving Darwin's Medical Mystery

By MELINDA BECK
Charles_Darwin  medical  mysteries  Melinda_Beck 
may 2011 by jerryking
Provide true value or advisers are 'toast'
April 12, 2010 | G & M | DAN RICHARDS. "punctuated
equilibrium" is working its way through the fin. industry. The late
scientist, Stephen Jay Gould, identified this concept. His insight was
that while change is a constant, the pace of change isn't - for
millennia, species have gone through centuries of slow, almost
imperceptible change, interspersed with short periods of incredibly
rapid and intense shifts. In the last 30 yrs, most industries have had
to adapt to an entirely new set of rules. Change agents like Wal-Mart,
Costco, & Amazon.com have reshaped retailing. Mfg has been
transformed by globalization & China. The Web has decimated the
traditional biz model for newspapers. Svcs. have seen the effects of
off-shoring. The investment industry is going through that same epochal
transformation. Defining tomorrow's winners is their ability to
demonstrate clear, compelling, discernible value: not a plan itself, but
what a plan accomplishes, and the communication of what the plan achieves.
financial_advisors  Dan_Richards  indispensable  competitive_landscape  generating_strategic_options  adaptability  Charles_Darwin  evolution  value_creation  theory_of_evolution  financial_services  disequilibriums  change_agents  constant_change  value_propositions  Communicating_&_Connecting  accelerated_lifecycles 
august 2010 by jerryking
Can Animals Be Gay? - NYTimes.com
JON MOOALLEM
Published: March 29, 2010
At the heart of evolutionary biology, since Darwin, has been the idea
that any genetic traits and behaviors that outfit an animal with an
advantage — that help the animal make lots of offspring — will remain in
a species, while ones that don’t will vanish. In short, evolution
gradually optimizes every animal toward a single goal: passing on its
genes.
Charles_Darwin  evolution  relationships 
april 2010 by jerryking
Blame Evolution for Disease - WSJ.com
FEBRUARY 23, 2010 | Wall Street Journal | By MELINDA BECK.
Obesity? Big Feet? Blame Darwin. Evolution Helped Humans Have Children
and Survive, But It Also Led to Modern-Day Maladies, Scientists Say.

Evolution, the theory goes, guarantees survival to the fittest. But we
can blame evolution for some of today's most pressing health problems,
such as cancer, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease...Most
scientists—including biologists, anthropologists, paleontologists and
geneticists—see the 21st century human body as a collection of
compromises, jury-rigged by evolution as our ancestors adapted to
changing conditions.
Melinda_Beck  evolution  theory_of_evolution  disease  human_anatomy  Charles_Darwin  human_evolution 
february 2010 by jerryking
The Creation of Charles Darwin - Opinionator Blog - NYTimes.com
September 8, 2009, 9:30 pm
The Creation of Charles Darwin
By OLIVIA JUDSON
Olivia_Judson  Charles_Darwin 
november 2009 by jerryking
An Evolve-By Date - Opinionator Blog
November 24, 2009 | NYTimes.com | By OLIVIA JUDSON. why does
evolution keep failing? The question matters as never before. We humans
are busily changing the environment for most of the beings on the
planet, and often, we are doing so very fast. To know what effect this
will have, we badly need to know how readily different creatures can
evolve to deal with changes to their environment. For if we’re not
careful, many groups will soon be faced with an evolve-by date: if they
don’t evolve rapidly enough to survive in this changing world, they will
vanish.
Olivia_Judson  Charles_Darwin  evolution  theory_of_evolution 
november 2009 by jerryking
Rara avis: A local Darwin collector in his natural habitat
November 21, 2009| globeandmail.com | by CRAIG OFFMAN. Profiles
Investment banker Garrett Herman, CEO of brokerage house, Loewen
Ondaatje McCutcheon, and a renown expert on, and collector of works by,
Charles Darwin. Mr. Herman said his own bibliophilia took hold after
his marriage dissolved in the early nineties. He compiled thousands of
rarities written by the great thinkers of the ages. "I used to collect a
lot of different books: Newton, Marx, Machiavelli, Pavlov, Freud. As
you collect, though, you learn." Following a pattern of buying books
that influenced other books, the number of tomes he owned grew
exponentially. He literally had a full house.
Charles_Darwin  collectors  personal_libraries  books  Niccolò_Machiavelli  brokerage_houses 
november 2009 by jerryking
Survival of the Fittest?
Nov 3, 2008 | Electronic Engineering Times | by Howard Slater,
Azim Nakhooda. What impact should the technology sector and startups
expect? Technology companies with strong balance sheets will use this
time to expand market share, acquire weaker competitors and reinvent
themselves to rise out of the recession even healthier than before.
Startups will put initial public offerings on hold, revisit private
equity deals, scale back expansion plans or, in many cases, die of
financial starvation. These are harsh realities, but also natural
components of capital-based market cycles. Ultimately the sage advice to
"ride it out" is fair, as this too shall pass. However, the technology
landscape may be forever altered by the financial sector, as only a
survival of the fittest will live on to carry the technology torch
forward.
economic_downturn  start_ups  competitive_landscape  Charles_Darwin 
november 2009 by jerryking
Dawn at the Museum - Olivia Judson Blog - NYTimes.com
August 4, 2009 | New York Times | Olivia Judson Blog. The
Oxford Museum ranks in the annals of evolutionary history because, just
after it opened in 1860, it was the scene of a debate between Samuel
Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford, and Thomas Henry Huxley, a friend and
colleague of Darwin’s. At the time of the Huxley-Wilberforce debate,
natural history museums were not places to study evolution, they were
catalogs of nature. Large and impressive catalogs, but catalogs all the
same. While acting as hugely important stores of information about
biodiversity, both now and in the remote past, they have also become
something much more--they can can provide an invaluable source of
knowledge about recent genetic changes.
Charles_Darwin  DNA  Olivia_Judson  museums 
august 2009 by jerryking
Op-Ed Contributor - The Origin of Darwin - NYTimes.com
February 11, 2009 NYT op-ed By OLIVIA JUDSON celebrating Darwin's 200th birthday.
Charles_Darwin  op_ed  Olivia_Judson 
february 2009 by jerryking
Books on Charles Darwin - WSJ.com
FEBRUARY 6, 2009, article by James A. Secord looking at a taxonomy of books on Charles Darwin
evolution  theory_of_evolution  Charles_Darwin  History  book_reviews 
february 2009 by jerryking
Gary Marcus on Charles Darwin's 'Survival of the Fittest' - WSJ.com
FEBRUARY 11, 2009 WSJ op-ed by Gary Marcus

Neither evolution nor Darwin ever promised anything like perfection.
Evolution is not about creating perfect or optimal creatures, which
would require forethought, but only about the fact that the genes of
creatures with modest advantages ("fittest" among those that happen
currently to be alive) tend to spread throughout the population.
Darwin's theory of natural selection tells us that a one-eyed creature
may outcompete a blind creature, but that doesn't mean that a creature
with two eyes couldn't come along later.This seemingly subtle difference
-- between "fittest among the choices that happen to be lying around"
and "fittest imaginable" -- makes all the difference in the world.
evolution  economics  Charles_Darwin  theory_of_evolution  natural_selection 
february 2009 by jerryking
Darwin, DNA and Destiny AND Dangerous Ideas
February 7, 2009 G&M by MARGARET WENTE looks at a new book,
The 10,000 Year Explosion by population geneticist Henry Harpending and
physicist/anthropologist Gregory Cochran, which argues that humans have
changed significantly in body and mind in the short period of recorded
history. The advent of agriculture around 8000 BC, they argue, set off a
new explosion in the pace of evolution that may be with us still.

The timing of the column is due to Feb. 12, marking the 200th birthday
of Charles Darwin, which Wente deems the most influential scientist in
intellectual history. Darwin's theory of evolution has been making
trouble for a century and a half, and shows no sign of stopping any time
soon. Darwin's dangerous idea dethroned mankind as the pinnacle of all
creation, and knocked God the Creator right out of the sky.
Margaret_Wente  Charles_Darwin  evolution  ideas  adaptability  theory_of_evolution  dangerous_ideas  radical_ideas 
february 2009 by jerryking

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