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jerryking : oecd   10

A Chance to Lift the 'Aid Curse' - WSJ.com
March 22, 2005 | WSJ | By JAGDISH BHAGWATI.

even as aid proponents now ask for each OECD country to spend 0.7% of GNP on foreign aid, and for the bulk of it to be spent in Africa, there are many skeptics who argue that these targets are overambitious. These are not indifferent folk, morally defective; they include developmental economists familiar with the history of aid and Africanists with experience of the continent. Their worry is that the absorptive capacity in many of the countries where the substantially increased aid funds will be spent is limited.
Africa  foreign_aid  OECD  economists  absorptive_capacity 
december 2012 by jerryking
Average Is Over, Part II
August 7, 2012 | NYT | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN.

A big mismatch exists today between how U.S. C.E.O.’s look at the world and how many American politicians and parents look at the world — and it may be preventing us from taking our education challenge as seriously as we must.

For many politicians, “outsourcing” is a four-letter word because it involves jobs leaving “here” and going “there.” But for many C.E.O.’s, outsourcing is over. In today’s seamlessly connected world, there is no “out” and no “in” anymore. There is only the “good,” “better” and “best” places to get work done, and if they don’t tap into the best, most cost-efficient venue wherever that is, their competition will....The trend is that for more and more jobs, average is over. Thanks to the merger of, and advances in, globalization and the information technology revolution, every boss now has cheaper, easier access to more above-average software, automation, robotics, cheap labor and cheap genius than ever before. So just doing a job in an average way will not return an average lifestyle any longer....Which is why it is disturbing when more studies show that American K-12 schools continue to lag behind other major industrialized countries on the international education tests....Every three years, the O.E.C.D. has been giving the PISA test to a sample of 15-year-olds, now in 70 countries, to evaluate reading, math and science skills. The U.S. does not stand out. It’s just average, but many parents are sure their kid is above average. With help from several foundations in the U.S., Schleicher has just finished a pilot study of 100 American schools to enable principals, teachers and parents to see not just how America stacks up against China, but how their own school stacks up against similar schools in the best-educated countries, like Finland and Singapore....
averages  Tom_Friedman  CEOs  Outsourcing  politicians  OECD  data_driven  K-12  PISA  rankings  standardized_testing  assessments_&_evaluations  mismatches 
august 2012 by jerryking
Toronto congestion costs Canada $3.3-billion: OECD
Nov. 19, 2009 | The Globe and Mail | by Brodie Fenlon. More
should be done to capitalize on immigrants' international networks in
order to expand Canada's global trade. Cities outside Toronto need to
increase investment in affordable and rental housing that serves
newcomers.
OECD  Toronto  congestion  transit  transportation  planning  immigrants  traffic_congestion 
december 2009 by jerryking
Where are the world's poor finding hope? Under the table -
May 30, 2009 | The Globe and Mail | by Doug Saunders. A
generation ago, informal work was on the fringes of the poorest and most
authoritarian countries. Now, according to a study by a group of
economists from the OECD, the majority of the world's jobs are
"informal" or officially non-existent, and that proportion is increasing
rapidly. "Informality is increasingly becoming normal," they conclude,
"not least in middle- and even high-income countries." Dr. Deepa
Narayan and her team of analysts at the World Bank have authored
"Moving Out of Poverty: Success from the Bottom Up". Are informal labour
markets a cause of rising fortunes or an unfortunate byproduct?
Doug_Saunders  informal_economy  OECD  Bottom_of_the_Pyramid  ProQuest 
june 2009 by jerryking
How human and social capital contribute to economic growth and well-being — Highlights of an HRDC/OECD symposium
Applied Research Bulletin - Volume 7, Number 1 (Winter-Spring
2001)

Social capital may have a payoff—lower transaction costs.

"Trust" was a focal point in many discussions of social capital. Much of
the theoretical reasoning supporting the idea that social capital may
have a payoff — in terms of lower transaction costs, for example — is
based on the fact that trustworthiness among members of a society
permits business and social dealings to respond efficiently to changing
circumstances. The level of trust in a community is perceived by some
experts as a product of the "norms and networks." As a result, estimates
of trust have often been used as measures of social capital.

Links are weak between economic growth and human and social capital in
OECD countries.
social_capital  trustworthiness  Toronto  economic_development  OECD  payoffs  transaction_costs 
february 2009 by jerryking

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