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jerryking : revolutionary_guards   8

The Shadow Commander - The New Yorker
SEPTEMBER 30, 2013 ISSUE

The Shadow Commander
Qassem Suleimani is the Iranian operative who has been reshaping the Middle East. Now he’s directing Assad’s war in Syria.

BY DEXTER FILKINS
Iran  Revolutionary_Guards  Qassim_Suleimani  Quds_Force  covert_operations  Syria  Middle_East 
august 2014 by jerryking
Qassim Suleimani, Iran’s Master of Iraq Chaos, Still Vexes the U.S. - NYTimes.com
By MICHAEL R. GORDON
Published: October 2, 2012

A soft-spoken, gray-haired operative who carries himself with the confidence that comes from having the backing of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s supreme leader, General Suleimani is the antithesis of the bombastic Iranian president. Now a major general — the highest rank in the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps — after a promotion last year, he has been the mastermind behind two central Iranian foreign policy initiatives, exerting and expanding Tehran’s influence in the internal politics of Iraq and providing military support for the rule of President Bashar al-Assad of Syria.... General Suleimani first came to the attention of Iraqis during Iran’s bloody eight-year war with Iraq. As commander of the Revolutionary Guards’ 41st Division, he gained a reputation for leading reconnaissance missions behind Iraqi lines — so much so that the Iraqi military would single him out in its radio broadcasts, according to Ali Alfoneh, a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who has made a career out of studying General Suleimani.

The war shaped his attitude toward Iraq, according to Ryan C. Crocker, the former American ambassador to Baghdad. “For Qassim Suleimani, the Iran-Iraq war never really ended,” Mr. Crocker said in an interview. “No human being could have come through such a World War I-style conflict and not have been forever affected. His strategic goal was an outright victory over Iraq, and if that was not possible, to create and influence a weak Iraq.”

In the late 1990s, General Suleimani was picked to lead the Quds Force, a Revolutionary Guards special operations unit. The Revolutionary Guards was formed to support revolutionary movements abroad, including in Afghanistan, Iraq and Lebanon.
Afghanistan  Iran  Iraq  Lebanon  Revolutionary_Guards  Qassim_Suleimani  Quds_Force 
october 2012 by jerryking
Iranian Plot to Assassinate Saudi Arabian ambassador to the U.S. was uncharacteristically unskilled - TIME
Oct. 12, 2011 | TIME | By Robert Baer.

According to the Department of Justice indictment, an Iranian-American used-car salesman attempted to recruit a Mexican drug cartel to carry out the hit. Other parts of the plan included bombing the Israeli embassy in Washington, as well as the Israeli and Saudi embassies in Argentina. The Iranian was willing to pay the cartel assassins $1.5 million to murder the Saudi ambassador.

...The other man in the plot, a member of the Quds Force, a secretive special forces unit of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, remains at large.(Read "Did Iran Hire Narcos as Assassins?")

Before examining these claims, it's helpful to remember what we know about the Iranian unit implicated in the indictment: The Quds Force was responsible for the truck bombing the Marine barracks in Beirut. It was behind most of the kidnappings in Lebanon in the 1980s, including that of CIA station chief Bill Buckley. It organized the 1992 and1994 bombings of the Israeli embassy and cultural centers in Buenos Aires, as well as Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia. And most recently, it undoubtedly was behind the execution of five American soldiers in Karbala, Iraq in 2007. In other words, the Quds Force has been happy to target the United States, Israel, and Saudi Arabia.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2096747,00.html#ixzz1al73dpql
Iran  Washington_D.C.  assassinations  Hezbollah  Iranians  Quds_Force  Revolutionary_Guards  Saudis  Qassim_Suleimani 
october 2011 by jerryking
Force, fear keep Iran together
Jun. 12, 2010 | - The Globe and Mail | Doug Saunders.
Iran  Ahmadinejad  Doug_Saunders  Revolutionary_Guards 
june 2010 by jerryking
Change Lies in Iran's Institutions - WSJ.com
JUNE 30, 2009 | Wall Street Journal | By GERALD F. SEIB. Look
first at the military. Iran essentially has two different military
forces -- or, perhaps more accurately, two and a half.

It has a traditional military, the descendent of the Shah of Iran's
imperial army, which is in charge of defending Iran's borders and
maintaining a traditional military infrastructure.

But the force that has the real power is Iran's Revolutionary Guard
Corps. The Revolutionary Guard is a parallel military organization set
up after the 1979 revolution to ensure that clerical leaders would have
at their disposal a force with unquestioned loyalty and a check on
traditional military officers, who were suspect because of their roots
in the Shah's regime.

During the long and grinding Iran-Iraq war, the Revolutionary Guards
also developed a kind of junior offshoot, the Basij militias, to bring
more idealistic and fearless young men to the war front.
Iran  institutional_change  Gerald_Seib  Basij  Revolutionary_Guards  fearlessness 
july 2009 by jerryking
Who Are Iran's Revolutionary Guards? - WSJ.com
Nov. 15, 2007 WSJ op-ed by Amir Taheri profiling Iran's Revolutionary Guards.
Iran  terrorism  security_&_intelligence  Revolutionary_Guards 
january 2009 by jerryking

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