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jerryking : affirmative_action   35

Texas top ten percent policy provides a cautionary lesson
July 8, 2019 | hechingerreport | by JILL BARSHAY

Texas’s policy to automatically admit the top students in each high school to the state’s flagship universities didn’t expand the number of high schools that send students to Texas A&M University, College Station.

One proposal to boost the number of black and Latino students in elite schools is to cream the top students from every neighborhood or community, rather than admitting only the top students on a national or statewide yardstick. That way the brightest Latino students in a predominantly Latino school, for example, can get a shot at a coveted slot that they otherwise might not get. Bill de Blasio, New York City mayor and Democratic presidential candidate, has floated this idea for diversifying his city’s elite high schools.

But the state of Texas provides a cautionary lesson for how much this sort of well-intended reform can accomplish. Research is showing that a policy that takes the top students from the state’s high schools didn’t increase diversity in Texas’s elite universities or increase the number of high schools that feed them.
admissions  affirmative_action  African-Americans  cautionary_tales  Colleges_&_Universities  diversity  elitism  high-achieving  high_schools  Latinos  students  Texas  workarounds 
july 2019 by jerryking
50 Years of Affirmative Action: What Went Right, and What It Got Wrong - The New York Times
By Anemona Hartocollis
March 30, 2019

Columbia and other competitive colleges had already begun changing the racial makeup of their campuses as the civil rights movement gained ground, but the assassination of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968, and the resulting student strikes and urban uprisings, prompted them to redouble their efforts.

They acted partly out of a moral imperative, but also out of fear that the fabric of society was being torn apart by racial conflict. They took chances on promising black students from poor neighborhoods they had long ignored, in addition to black students groomed by boarding schools......The debate over race in college admissions only intensified. By the late 1970s, colleges began emphasizing the value of diversity on campus over the case for racial reparations.

Today, Harvard and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill are facing legal challenges to race-conscious admissions that could reach the Supreme Court. The Trump administration is investigating allegations of discrimination against Asian-American applicants at Harvard and Yale. University officials who lived through the history fear that the gains of the last 50 years could be rolled back.
'60s  admissions  affirmative_action  African-Americans  anniversaries  Colleges_&_Universities  Columbia  diversity  dropouts  Ivy_League  MLK 
march 2019 by jerryking
‘Lopping,’ ‘Tips’ and the ‘Z-List’: Bias Lawsuit Explores Harvard’s Admissions Secrets
July 29, 2018 | - The New York Times | By Anemona Hartocollis, Amy Harmon and Mitch Smith.
One tries very hard to assess the candidate’s potential. Is he or she a self-starter? How much help has he had? Has the candidate peaked? How will he or she react to not being head of the class?

Does he or she have the core values, confidence, perspective and flexibility to adapt and thrive? Not surprisingly, companies and others prefer applicants who have what a law firm where I later recruited called “a can-do attitude.”
........The case has been orchestrated by Edward Blum, a longtime crusader against affirmative action and voting rights laws, and it may yield him a fresh chance to get the issue before the Supreme Court. The court turned away his last major challenge to university admissions, Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin, in 2016.

[Read: How other Ivy League schools are coming to Harvard’s defense.]

The debate goes back to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s. The assassination of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 was a turning point, pushing colleges to redouble their efforts to be more representative of American society.

But Asians were an overlooked minority despite a long history of discrimination. .......The plaintiffs say that the personal rating — which considers an applicant’s character and personality — is the most insidious of Harvard’s admissions metrics. They say that Asian-Americans are routinely described as industrious and intelligent, but unexceptional and indistinguishable — characterizations that recall painful stereotypes for many people of Asian descent. (The applicant who was the “proverbial picket fence” was Asian-American.).........Professor Khurana, the Harvard College dean, acknowledged that Harvard was not always perfect, but said it was trying to get its practices right.

“I have a great deal of humility knowing that some day history will judge us,” Professor Khurana said. “I think that’s why we are constantly asking ourselves this question: How can we do better? How could we be better? What are we missing? Where are our blind spots?”
admissions  affirmative_action  Asian-Americans  blind_spots  Colleges_&_Universities  discrimination  diversity  Harvard  Ivy_League  lawsuits  race-blind  race-conscious  selection_processes  biases  elitism  ethnic_stereotyping  meritocratic  students  racial_disparities  1968  core_values 
august 2018 by jerryking
A Different Bargain on Race
MARCH 4, 2017 | The New York Times | Ross Douthat.

Instead, the demographic transformation of America has given us a Democratic Party more attuned to racial injustice or committed to ethnic patronage (depending on your point of view) than ever, and a Republican Party that has exploited white racism or ridden a white backlash against ethnic patronage (again, depending on your perspective) on its way to control of the House, the Senate and the White House.

At one end of this polarized political landscape, you have the liberal acclaim that greeted Ta-Nehisi Coates’s case for reparations, his argument that the debt owed by “the people who believe themselves to be white” to the descendants of African slaves is vast and essentially unpaid.

At the other end you have the fears of those white Trump voters who feel like the new liberalism offers affirmative action for everyone but them, allowing immigrants and minorities to “cut the line” (to borrow an image from Arlie Russell Hochschild’s recent study of working-class Republicans) and claim an American dream that they themselves can no longer reach.

These views are worlds apart, but it is actually possible to accept elements of both. It can be simultaneously true that slavery and Jim Crow robbed black Americans on a scale that still requires redress, and that offering redress through a haphazard system of minority preferences in hiring, contracting and higher education creates a new set of reasonable white grievances in its turn.
Ross_Douthat  race  race_relations  slavery  GOP  identity_politics  Democrats  reparations  affirmative_action  bargaining  one-time_events  the_American_dream 
march 2017 by jerryking
Opinion: Why Aren’t There More Black Scientists?
Remember when Justice Sandra Day O’Connor predicted in Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) that universities would no longer need race-preferential admissions policies in 25 years? By the end of this…
affirmative_action  African-Americans  Sandra_Day_O'connor  scientists  under-representation 
october 2015 by jerryking
The Impossibility of Reparations
JUN 3 2014 | - The Atlantic | DAVID FRUM.

If “reparations” means remembrance and repentance for the wrongs of the past, then let’s have reparations. Americans tell a too-flattering version of their national story. They treat slavery as ancillary rather than essential. They forget that the work of slaves paid this country’s import bill from the 17th century until 1860. They do not acknowledge that the “freedom” championed by slaveholding Founding Fathers, including the author of the Declaration of Independence, included the freedom to own other human beings as property. They can no longer notice how slavery is stitched into every line of the Constitution and was supported by every single early national institution. The self-reckoning we see in Germany and other European countries does not come easily to Americans—and is still outright rejected by many.
slavery  myths  origin_story  reparations  Ta-Nehisi_Coates  African-Americans  racial_disparities  execution  affirmative_action  race_relations  David_Frum  slaveholders  Founding_Fathers 
june 2014 by jerryking
Book Review: For Discrimination -
August 30, 2013 | WSJ | By STUART TAYLOR JR.

Book Review: 'For Discrimination' by Randall Kennedy
A scholar deftly presents the case against affirmative action—and explains why he supports it anyway.
book_reviews  books  affirmative_action  law_schools 
september 2013 by jerryking
Book Review: Mismatch -
October 23, 2012|WSJ |By TREVOR BUTTERWORTH.

The Hidden Campus Crisis
Placing unprepared students in challenging academic environments derails their lives and careers.
affirmative_action  book_reviews  achievement_gaps  African-Americans  unprepared  mismatches 
october 2012 by jerryking
The Unraveling of Affirmative Action -
October 13, 2012, 6:14 p.m. ET

The Unraveling of Affirmative Action
Racial preferences spring from worthy intentions, but they have had unintended consequences—including an academic mismatch in many cases between minority students and the schools to which they are admitted. There's a better way to help the disadvantaged.

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affirmative_action  books  Colleges_&_Universities  African-Americans  mismatches  unintended_consequences 
october 2012 by jerryking
Compassionate Action -
February 24, 2003 | WSJ |By BENJAMIN S. CARSON.

In a conversation recently with Gerhardt Casper, the former president of Stanford University, I learned that they had 1,600 freshmen slots and 19,000 applicants for those slots, 10,000 of which had 4.0 grade point averages. They, along with the Ivy League schools and select others, could easily fill the freshman class with 4.0 students. But what about the black student who grew up in the ghetto, in a single-parent home, looking over his shoulder for danger each day as he walked home and still managed to compile a 3.7 GPA and SAT scores in the 90th percentile? Or what about the student from Appalachia with a similar academic record whose father died in a mining accident and had to work and help raise his brothers and sisters?

Do we simply ignore such students or assuage our guilt by saying they don't have to attend one of the premier schools since there are many other excellent universities that would love to have them? Of course not. Instead, many universities take into account factors such as parental education, socioeconomic status, obstacles overcome, learning environment, living environment, responsibilities, special family circumstances, etc., which allows these students admission. The universities correctly reason that if these students could overcome such significant adversities in their lives, they will likely make great contributions to our nation.

This is the principle we should call "compassionate action," and I believe it is the right one for our current dilemma: While race-neutral, it takes a disadvantaged background into account and extends a helping hand to those who need it most. As it turns out, in the U.S., the largest percentage of people from disadvantaged backgrounds happen to be blacks and Hispanics. Those groups will be given a slightly lower bar because of their real difficulties, not from a presumption that their skin color requires it.
affirmative_action  economically_disadvantaged  U.S._Supreme_Court  admissions  race-neutrality  Stanford  applications  SAT  education  students  compassion  Appalachia  disadvantages  GPA  presumptions 
august 2012 by jerryking
What Makes a Difference -

Mr. Wood locates the origins of the modern diversity movement in President Johnson's 1965 executive order authorizing the use of affirmative action in federal contracting. The policy quickly spread to other sectors of society.

In its early years, affirmative action was rationalized as a means of making up for the legacy of slavery and Jim Crow and other forms of discrimination -- a kind of reparations. But even in this relatively benign form the policy was open to challenge on the grounds that it violated the 14th Amendment's guarantee of equal protection. Eventually the Supreme Court weighed in with Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978). But not conclusively or even coherently.

The case concerned Allan Bakke, who had been denied admission to medical school in favor of less-qualified minority candidates. In a confused decision, the court agreed that quotas were impermissible under the equal-protection clause. But Justice Lewis Powell's opinion -- which no other justice signed on to -- included a passage that would prove momentous: He argued that the goal of "attaining a diverse student body" provided a "constitutionally permissible" justification for racial preferences.

An idea now with nearly the same stature as equality and liberty. Why?

The curious thing is that, before Powell's opinion, the diversity defense of affirmative action was almost unheard of. It may have been, as Mr. Wood writes, "in the cultural air," but it was at best "a fairly marginal idea." If proof were ever needed that ideas -- including marginal ones -- have consequences, this was it. Diversity was soon everywhere. Today, Mr. Wood observes, it enjoys nearly the same stature as equality and liberty in the American pantheon.....Meanwhile diversity provided cover for a cultural revolution in higher learning: In its wake followed multicultural studies, sensitivity seminars, political correctness and speech codes.
diversity  book_reviews  affirmative_action  political_correctness  Colleges_&_Universities  LBJ 
november 2011 by jerryking
No Excuses: Closing the Racial Gap in Learning | by Abigail and Stephan Thernstrom | review: Wall Street Journal
No Excuses:
Closing the Racial Gap in Learning
Simon & Schuster, (October 2003)
by Abigail and Stephan Thernstrom

The message of Abigail and Stephan Thernstrom's "No Excuses" (Simon & Schuster, 334 pages, $26) is that, despite major progress toward racial equality since the 1950s, there is an academic chasm between black and Hispanic children on the one hand and whites and Asians on the other. "The racial gap in educational achievement is an educational crisis, but it is also the main source of ongoing racial inequality," the authors declare. "And racial inequality is America's great unfinished business, the wound that remains unhealed."

Wall Street Journal, 10/9/03

A Lot More to Learn
By Clint Bolick
achievement_gaps  race  racial_disparities  book_reviews  affirmative_action  Colleges_&_Universities 
november 2011 by jerryking
Notes from a small world
Apr 29/May 6, 1996 | The New Yorker. Vol. 72, Iss. 10; pg. 87, 1
pgs | Patricia J. Williams. Harvard Law School graduated ten black
women in 1975, the most in its long history. Williams discusses these
ten women and examines how these first beneficiaries of affirmative
action feel now.
ProQuest  Harvard  law_schools  law_students  lawyers  African-Americans  women  affirmative_action  Ivy_League  elitism  HLS 
march 2011 by jerryking
Black Empowerment Roils South Africa -

Mounting criticism of South Africa's Black Economic Empowerment policy
is coming to a head, putting black entrepreneurs amid a debate over how
to right history's wrongs without upending business. South African
Program Draws Fire. Critics Maintain Economic Policy for Black
Empowerment Benefits a Few Who Already Are Successful
South_Africa  affirmative_action  public_policy  entrepreneur  economic_empowerment 
march 2011 by jerryking

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