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jerryking : evolution   28

Fossil Site Reveals Day That Meteor Hit Earth and, Maybe, Wiped Out Dinosaurs
March 29, 2019 | The New York Times | By William J. Broad and Kenneth Chang.

The Chicxulub impact and the global disaster it wrought are sometimes held up as the death stroke for the dinosaurs. But many scientists argue that an array of other factors, including volcanic eruptions and climatic disruptions, contributed to the demise of the giant reptiles.
asteroids  dinosaurs  disasters  evolution  existential  extinction  fossils  meteorites  meteors  natural_calamities  paleontology 
march 2019 by jerryking
Opinion | Survival of the Sneakiest - The New York Times
By David P. Barash
Dr. Barash studies the evolutionary factors influencing human behavior.....Stealth can win out over speed and strength in the arms race of evolution.

Dec. 15, 2018
arms_race  evolution  natural_selection  human_behavior  stealth  human_evolution 
december 2018 by jerryking
Computing Beyond Moore’s Law - The CIO Report - WSJ
Apr 8, 2016 GUEST VOICES
Computing Beyond Moore’s Law
Moore's_Law  software  evolution  cloud_computing  Marc_Andreessen  Irving_Wladawsky-Berger 
april 2016 by jerryking
BlackBerrys once ruled the world - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail

Published Tuesday, Sep. 24 2013

BlackBerries ruled the world briefly, but their maker failed to see that future growth lay in the consumer market and in social media, not in the e-mail-obsessed business world.

When BlackBerry tried to adapt, it did so too slowly. It took years instead of the requisite months to launch an operating system that competed with the dominant players. Its corporate DNA was as unevolved as its products, and now the world has passed it by – even though its newest products can do virtually all the same things a Samsung or Apple smartphone can do.
BlackBerry  blindsided  RIM  PalmPilot  editorials  evolution  obsolescence  adaptability  windows_of_opportunity 
october 2013 by jerryking
Stone Age cave dwellers had healthier mouths than we do - The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail

Published Thursday, Feb. 21 2013

Think of your mouth as being in a constant state of disease..."There is a very low diversity of bacterial species and a high prevalence of disease-causing pathogens."...In fact, our teeth and gums are generally in worse shape than our cave-dwelling ancestors....What's to blame? Our shift to a carbohydrate-rich diet – especially the increased consumption of processed sugar – fostered the growth of certain bacteria that cause gum disease and dental decay, "Hunter-gatherers in general had really good teeth. You see quite a bit of wear because of the highly abrasive nature of their diet, but you see almost no signs of pathology," said Cooper.

"That all changes with farming and the increased consumption of domesticated cereals," added Cooper.

The DNA analysis revealed that as agriculture took hold, there was a marked decrease in bacterial diversity and certain disease-causing microbes became more prevalent, including Porphyromonas gingivalis which contributes to gum disease.The composition of oral bacteria underwent another dramatic shift with the industrial revolution and the introduction of processed sugar and flour. There was a further decrease in diversity, and a rise in bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans, which causes dental caries commonly known as cavities......Diet has influenced the bacteria that inhabit the human body "and we can see that in the oral cavity," said Cooper. "One can pretty safely deduce that same thing has happened in the gastrointestinal system, which is arguably even more important in terms of the role of bacteria in human health."

Indeed, a growing body of medical research suggests that the loss of beneficial bacteria is associated with a range of modern systemic diseases, from diabetes and heart disease, to obesity and autism. And perhaps most important of all, a diverse gut bacteria is necessary to train the immune systems of young children.
evolution  bacteria  diets  dental  guts  disease  pathogens  digestive_systems  microbes  microbiome  gums  gastrointestinal  hunter-gatherers  immune_system  human_evolution 
february 2013 by jerryking
Change or die: could adland be the new Detroit?
Feb 18, 2011|Campaign |Amelia Torode (head of strategy and innovation at VCCP and the chair of the IPA Strategy Group) and Tracey Follows ( head of planning at VCCP)...

As the world changed with the globalisation of markets, the transformative power of digital technologies and a shift in consumer demand, the automotive industry and the city of Detroit did not. At a fundamental level, nothing changed. Detroit failed to adapt, failed to evolve.

We have started to ask ourselves: is adland the new Detroit?

Data: find stories in numbers

It's time to reimagine our role. We're no longer solving problems but investigating mysteries; no longer taking a brief, rather taking on a case. Like a detective, we start with behaviour, looking for patterns and anomalies. We assume that what we're being told is not entirely the "truth" so search for information that is given from various perspectives and tend to believe our eyes more than our ears.

Imagine the implications for how we approach data. Seen through the lens of "mystery", we're not simply seeing data as a stream of numbers but as a snapshot of behaviour and an insight into human nature. What we do with data is the same thing we do when we sit on a park bench or at a pavement café - people-watching,albeit from desktops. It's human stories hidden within numbers, and it takes away the fear that surrounds "big data".
shifting_tastes  data-driven  data_journalism  Detroit  advertising_agencies  data  storytelling  massive_data_sets  adaptability  evolution  United_Kingdom  Publicis  managing_change  sense-making  insights  behaviours  patterns  anomalies  assumptions  automotive_industry  human_experience  curiosity  consumer_behavior 
december 2012 by jerryking
Let's get Darwin's theory straight
Oct. 24, 2011 | The Financial Times p8. | Letter to the editor
Darwin was not interested in the survival of fit individuals. He observed and described how groups and their traits survived - specifically, its members must live long enough to procreate, leaving fertile offspring.

We are evolutionarily irrelevant once we stop bearing children or if we bear infertile children. If a weak, weedy, timid man or woman leaves a dozen procreating children, he or she is a Darwinian "fit" survivor. A war hero or heroine who bears no children is evolutionarily unfit. The genetic traits of the weedy will survive, those of the heroes will not.

This is Darwinian evolution. In business terms it can be applied, for instance, to Coca-Cola and Apple, whose former employees survived to spawn many other soft drink and technology companies. But without survival to procreation of fertile offspring, there are none fit to survive, in Darwinian theory. This is the basis of natural selection of genetic traits.
letters_to_the_editor  Charles_Darwin  Luke_Johnson  evolution  theory_of_evolution  natural_selection  Darwinian 
november 2011 by jerryking
Immunotherapy's Promise as a Battler Against Cancer | Mind & Matter -
JUNE 25, 2011 | WSJ| By MATT RIDLEY.
The Latest Weapon Against Cancer: Evolution
evolution  cancers 
june 2011 by jerryking
Matt Ridley's Mind & Matter: We're the Apes Who Set to Sea -
* MARCH 12, 2011

We Are the Apes Who Took to the Sea

evolution  primates  human_evolution 
march 2011 by jerryking
Scarcity, Fountain of Innovation - The CSR Blog - corporate social responsibility
Sep. 16 2010 | Forbes | Posted by Gregory Unruh. "Panel members
came at scarcity from diverse disciplines.(e.g. perspective of
environmental sustainability), where scarcity has been a polemic since
at least the 18th century....Talk of resources scarcity, tends to focus
on energy and material constraints, but that’s only ½ of the story
because it overlooks a 3rd important resource: human
creativity (jk: human ingenuity)...Scarcity is relative. And the mere act of perceiving
scarcity changes the game...Great designers understand this. Charles
Eames says design is all about innovating around constraints. And it’s
the constraints – the scarcity – that fires the designer’s
creativity...Nature is the ultimate example of leveraging the power of
self-imposed constraints. 95% of every living thing is made out of just 4
elements: C, H, O2 and N. Scarcity of design options has not limited
nature’s creativity. There are tens of millions of diverse species and
even more miraculous functions.
constraints  creativity  design  DNA  evolution  human_ingenuity  innovation  nature  self-imposed  scarcity 
september 2010 by jerryking
Provide true value or advisers are 'toast'
April 12, 2010 | G & M | DAN RICHARDS. "punctuated
equilibrium" is working its way through the fin. industry. The late
scientist, Stephen Jay Gould, identified this concept. His insight was
that while change is a constant, the pace of change isn't - for
millennia, species have gone through centuries of slow, almost
imperceptible change, interspersed with short periods of incredibly
rapid and intense shifts. In the last 30 yrs, most industries have had
to adapt to an entirely new set of rules. Change agents like Wal-Mart,
Costco, & have reshaped retailing. Mfg has been
transformed by globalization & China. The Web has decimated the
traditional biz model for newspapers. Svcs. have seen the effects of
off-shoring. The investment industry is going through that same epochal
transformation. Defining tomorrow's winners is their ability to
demonstrate clear, compelling, discernible value: not a plan itself, but
what a plan accomplishes, and the communication of what the plan achieves.
financial_advisors  Dan_Richards  indispensable  competitive_landscape  generating_strategic_options  adaptability  Charles_Darwin  evolution  value_creation  theory_of_evolution  financial_services  disequilibriums  change_agents  constant_change  value_propositions  Communicating_&_Connecting  accelerated_lifecycles 
august 2010 by jerryking
Can Animals Be Gay? -
Published: March 29, 2010
At the heart of evolutionary biology, since Darwin, has been the idea
that any genetic traits and behaviors that outfit an animal with an
advantage — that help the animal make lots of offspring — will remain in
a species, while ones that don’t will vanish. In short, evolution
gradually optimizes every animal toward a single goal: passing on its
Charles_Darwin  evolution  relationships 
april 2010 by jerryking
Blame Evolution for Disease -
FEBRUARY 23, 2010 | Wall Street Journal | By MELINDA BECK.
Obesity? Big Feet? Blame Darwin. Evolution Helped Humans Have Children
and Survive, But It Also Led to Modern-Day Maladies, Scientists Say.

Evolution, the theory goes, guarantees survival to the fittest. But we
can blame evolution for some of today's most pressing health problems,
such as cancer, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease...Most
scientists—including biologists, anthropologists, paleontologists and
geneticists—see the 21st century human body as a collection of
compromises, jury-rigged by evolution as our ancestors adapted to
changing conditions.
Melinda_Beck  evolution  theory_of_evolution  disease  human_anatomy  Charles_Darwin  human_evolution 
february 2010 by jerryking
A Gazillion Tiny Avatars - Opinionator Blog -
December 15, 2009, 9:30 pm
A Gazillion Tiny Avatars
Olivia_Judson  viruses  evolution 
december 2009 by jerryking
An Evolve-By Date - Opinionator Blog
November 24, 2009 | | By OLIVIA JUDSON. why does
evolution keep failing? The question matters as never before. We humans
are busily changing the environment for most of the beings on the
planet, and often, we are doing so very fast. To know what effect this
will have, we badly need to know how readily different creatures can
evolve to deal with changes to their environment. For if we’re not
careful, many groups will soon be faced with an evolve-by date: if they
don’t evolve rapidly enough to survive in this changing world, they will
Olivia_Judson  Charles_Darwin  evolution  theory_of_evolution 
november 2009 by jerryking
Books on Charles Darwin -
FEBRUARY 6, 2009, article by James A. Secord looking at a taxonomy of books on Charles Darwin
evolution  theory_of_evolution  Charles_Darwin  History  book_reviews 
february 2009 by jerryking
Gary Marcus on Charles Darwin's 'Survival of the Fittest' -
FEBRUARY 11, 2009 WSJ op-ed by Gary Marcus

Neither evolution nor Darwin ever promised anything like perfection.
Evolution is not about creating perfect or optimal creatures, which
would require forethought, but only about the fact that the genes of
creatures with modest advantages ("fittest" among those that happen
currently to be alive) tend to spread throughout the population.
Darwin's theory of natural selection tells us that a one-eyed creature
may outcompete a blind creature, but that doesn't mean that a creature
with two eyes couldn't come along later.This seemingly subtle difference
-- between "fittest among the choices that happen to be lying around"
and "fittest imaginable" -- makes all the difference in the world.
evolution  economics  Charles_Darwin  theory_of_evolution  natural_selection 
february 2009 by jerryking
Darwin, DNA and Destiny AND Dangerous Ideas
February 7, 2009 G&M by MARGARET WENTE looks at a new book,
The 10,000 Year Explosion by population geneticist Henry Harpending and
physicist/anthropologist Gregory Cochran, which argues that humans have
changed significantly in body and mind in the short period of recorded
history. The advent of agriculture around 8000 BC, they argue, set off a
new explosion in the pace of evolution that may be with us still.

The timing of the column is due to Feb. 12, marking the 200th birthday
of Charles Darwin, which Wente deems the most influential scientist in
intellectual history. Darwin's theory of evolution has been making
trouble for a century and a half, and shows no sign of stopping any time
soon. Darwin's dangerous idea dethroned mankind as the pinnacle of all
creation, and knocked God the Creator right out of the sky.
Margaret_Wente  Charles_Darwin  evolution  ideas  adaptability  theory_of_evolution  dangerous_ideas  radical_ideas 
february 2009 by jerryking

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