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jerryking : foreign_aid   24

Joe Clark’s new book: Canada is the country that ‘lectures and leaves’ - The Globe and Mail
Nov. 01 2013 | The Globe and Mail | CAMPBELL CLARK.

Our country, Mr. Clark argues in How We Lead: Canada in a Century of Change, should “lead from beside.”
foreign_policy  foreign_aid  diplomacy  Canada  Canadian  leadership  books  soft_power  Joe_Clark  NGOs  international_relations  Commonwealth 
november 2013 by jerryking
An Economic Statecraft Model -
Published: May 7, 2013

The Obama administration’s efforts in the region should be more economic than military. “The United States government has done a terrible job of focusing on economic issues in the Middle East,” Thomas R. Nides, a former deputy secretary of state, told me recently. “You have huge youth unemployment and no hope.”

This argument is hardly new. “To succeed, the Arab political awakening must also be an economic awakening,” Mrs. Clinton said, more than a year ago. “Economic policy is foreign policy,” her successor, John Kerry, said this week.

Last month he asked Congress to approve the creation of a $580 million “incentive fund” that would reward countries in the Middle East and North Africa for enacting reforms that foster market-based economies, democratic norms, independent courts and civil societies.
Africa  statecraft  foreign_aid  foreign_policy  economic_policy  Arab-Muslim_world  Junior_Achievement  economic_warfare 
may 2013 by jerryking
Toward better, smarter foreign aid - The Globe and Mail
Mar. 29 2013 | The Globe and Mail | Editorial

...the federal government’s decision in the 2013 budget to fold the Canadian International Development Agency into the Foreign Affairs Department has aroused controversy, with claims that the government is trying to diminish Canada’s contribution to the overcoming of international poverty. These objections are misplaced. A more focused version of CIDA will do better work. There is no need to measure success by larger budget allocations or some set percentage of Canada’s GDP....Scott Gilmore, the CEO and founder of Building Partners, has changed the focus of his development organization, toward connecting local entrepreneurs in emerging markets to domestic, regional and global supply chains.

“We have changed our entire model. We now work with mining companies to help them find local supplies. We work with local governments so they can learn how to win contracts and back small businesses so they can afford to bid on larger projects. It is a revolutionary way of thinking for the development industry. ”
capacity-building  Canada  Canadian  CIDA  editorials  foreign_aid  foreign_policy  international_development  rethinking  Scott_Gilmore 
march 2013 by jerryking
Canada’s African adventure takes a colonial turn - The Globe and Mail
Feb. 02 2013 | The Globe and Mail | by DOUG SAUNDERS.

Even though Ottawa had shifted its foreign-aid focus away from Africa a few years ago, the government has come back in force, with a new large-scale aid strategy in which its agencies work with resource companies, alongside charities and private aid groups, in a way that, in the words of International Co-operation Minister Julian Fantino, “addresses social and environmental issues of extractive sector development” and helps countries “use resource rents and investment to spur economic diversification in local communities, often focused on agricultural and agribusiness development.” It makes some sense: Canada ought to be providing this sort of aid to the people it’s contacting – sometimes beneficially, sometimes otherwise – with its resource-taking activities.

But the end effect is that Canada has landed in Africa in a big way: tearing up the land, building new towns, creating roads and pipelines and airports, and bringing in new forms of government and administration to create new economies and enforce human rights and democratic standards.

This bears a strong resemblance to what the military calls counterinsurgency: To make the local population tolerate your forceful acts and embrace your cause, you win over their hearts and minds by building roads, schools, water supplies and better farms. In the process, though, you become something like a colonial government.

Canada, not yet fully free from its own years as a colony, is far from comfortable with this role. We ought to find some other name, and some other shape, for our African project.
Africa  counterinsurgency  CSR  economic_development  economic_diversification  natural_resources  mining  Canada  Doug_Saunders  foreign_aid  corruption  oil_industry  engineering  colonialism  large-scale  resource_extraction 
february 2013 by jerryking
A Chance to Lift the 'Aid Curse' -
March 22, 2005 | WSJ | By JAGDISH BHAGWATI.

even as aid proponents now ask for each OECD country to spend 0.7% of GNP on foreign aid, and for the bulk of it to be spent in Africa, there are many skeptics who argue that these targets are overambitious. These are not indifferent folk, morally defective; they include developmental economists familiar with the history of aid and Africanists with experience of the continent. Their worry is that the absorptive capacity in many of the countries where the substantially increased aid funds will be spent is limited.
Africa  foreign_aid  OECD  economists  absorptive_capacity 
december 2012 by jerryking
Africa Needs Tough Love -
July 15, 2003 | WJS By GEORGE B.N. AYITTEY.

President Bush correctly recognized that what Africa needs is straight talk, tough love. Short of recolonization, there's only so much he can do to help unless Africa's leadership is willing to get serious about tackling its innumerable woes.
Africa  tough_love  foreign_aid  failed_states  Robert_Mugabe  truth-telling  Zimbabwe  capital_flight  sub-Saharan_Africa  leaders  leadership 
august 2012 by jerryking
Africa's Poverty Trap -
March 23, 2007 | WSJ |By WILLIAM R. EASTERLY.

Economists involved in Africa then and now undervalued free markets, instead coming up with one of the worst ideas ever: state direction by the states least able to direct.

African governments are not the only ones that are bad, but they have ranked low for decades on most international comparisons of corruption, state failure, red tape, lawlessness and dictatorship. Nor is recognizing such bad government "racist" -- this would be an insult to the many Africans who risk their lives to protest their own bad governments. Instead, corrupt and mismanaged governments on the continent reflect the unhappy way in which colonizers artificially created most nations, often combining antagonistic ethnicities. Anyway, the results of statist economics by bad states was a near-zero rise in GDP per capita for Ghana, and the same for the average African nation, over the last 50 years....The cowed IMF and the World Bank never mention the words "free market" in thousands of pages devoted to ending poverty. Even the World Bank's 2005 World Development Report "A Better Investment Climate for Everyone" doesn't mention the forbidden words.World Bank economists are so scared of offending anyone on Africa that they recite tautologies.
William_Easterly  Africa  economists  IMF  World_Bank  foreign_aid  free_markets  failed_states  lawlessness  corruption  poverty  mismanagement  misrule  governance  poor_governance  misgovernance 
august 2012 by jerryking
Why Nations Fail -
Published: March 31, 2012

“Why Nations Fail.” The more you read it, the more you appreciate what a fool’s errand we’re on in Afghanistan and how much we need to totally revamp our whole foreign aid strategy. But most intriguing are the warning flares the authors put up about both America and China.

Co-authored by the M.I.T. economist Daron Acemoglu and the Harvard political scientist James A. Robinson, “Why Nations Fail” argues that the key differentiator between countries is “institutions.” Nations thrive when they develop “inclusive” political and economic institutions, and they fail when those institutions become “extractive” and concentrate power and opportunity in the hands of only a few.
book_reviews  Tom_Friedman  China  U.S.  Afghanistan  Non-Integrating_Gap  Egypt  foreign_policy  institutions  foreign_aid  failed_states  institutional_integrity 
april 2012 by jerryking
The Hazards of Throwing Money at the Problem -
JULY 18, 2001

"The Elusive Quest for Growth" (MIT, 342 pages, $29.95) by the economist William Easterly.....Easterly works at the World Bank. But his real concern is not with his employer or with the International Monetary Fund, although he is critical of both institutions. Rather, he wants to address the whole question of economic growth: Where does it come from? What encourages it? What discourages it? How important is luck? How important is policy? The answers he gives, in certain respects, apply as much to advanced economies like the U.S., Germany and Japan as to the developing nations of Africa and Asia....
Simply giving capital to those without it -- i.e., foreign aid -- is unlikely to stimulate growth. What is really essential is knowledge, and that cannot be transmitted by writing a check. Nor can it be gained just by sending people to school. In fact, critical knowledge, the kind those Bangladeshi textile workers seized upon, is not easily identifiable in the abstract. First entrepreneurs must perceive an opportunity for profit; then a few opportunistic people will see what knowledge is required. And then more will.

Without a proper understanding of such things, a good deal of damage can be done.
World_Bank  foreign_aid  book_reviews  entrepreneurship  IMF  policy  William_Easterly 
november 2011 by jerryking
July 3: Letters to the editor
Jul. 02, 2010 | The Globe and Mail | letters to the editor
letters_to_the_editor  Thabo_Mbeki  Africa  foreign_aid  liquor 
july 2010 by jerryking
Let's rebuild the African narrative - The Globe and Mail
Aug. 17, 2009 | Globe & Mail | by Lorna Dueck. “Trade
versus aid” was the explosive choice church leaders were given at this
summit as Ugandan economist Andrew Rugasira relayed his experience in
trying to gain access to world markets. As founder and chairman of Good
African Coffee, he urged the crowd to “see 900 million consumers and a
continent of entrepreneurs waiting to do business.” Western aid, he
said, was undermining Africa's GDP – we must reconstruct our African
Africa  Dambisa_Moyo  globalization  trade  foreign_aid  narratives 
august 2009 by jerryking
Foreign Policy: The Next Big Thing: Africa
May/June 2009 | Foreign Policy | By Dambisa Moyo. The poorest continent is rising. Really.
Africa  foreign_aid  Dambisa_Moyo  growth 
june 2009 by jerryking
Banned aid - The Globe and Mail
Saturday, May 30, 2009 | Globe and Mail | Geoffrey York. The
real reason for the shift, of course, is a new calculation of Canada's
business and geopolitical interests. Instead of Malawi and the seven
other African countries, where most people are so desperately poor that
they earn less than $2 a day, a bigger share of Canada's foreign-aid
money will flow to middle-income places such as Peru, Colombia, Ukraine
and the Caribbean, where Canada's commercial interests are more
attractive. Canada's foreign aid seems to have become an instrument of
its trade policy.
foreign_aid  Africa  canada  canadian  foreign_policy  Geoffrey_York 
june 2009 by jerryking
‘We’re not idiots. We’re adults. We can run our own society’
Saturday, May 30, 2009 | Globe and Mail | by Margaret Wente.
In the past 50 years, more than $1-trillion in development-related aid
has been transferred from rich countries to Africa. But a growing body
of critics argues that the result has been utter failure.
Dambisa_Moyo  Margaret_Wente  Africa  foreign_aid  governance 
june 2009 by jerryking
Closing the Culture Gap
Spring 2006| Stanford Social Innovation Review. Stanford: Vol.
4, Iss. 1; pg. 71, 4 pgs| G Pascal Zachary. There is a a surprising
gap in the skill set of many foreign aid workers in Africa: a lack of
knowledge of the history, social practices, and thinking of the people
they've come to help. This culture gap proves costly time and again.
Africa  foreign_aid  culture  History  Stanford  G._PASCAL_ZACHARY 
march 2009 by jerryking
Why Foreign Aid Is Hurting Africa
MARCH 21, 2009 | Wall Street Journal | By DAMBISA MOYO

Why Foreign Aid Is Hurting Africa
Money from rich countries has trapped many African nations in a cycle of
corruption, slower economic growth and poverty. Cutting off the flow
would be far more beneficial, says Dambisa Moyo.
Africa  foreign_aid  Dambisa_Moyo  corruption  development  growth 
march 2009 by jerryking
When Help Does Harm -
MARCH 17, 2009 | Wall Street Journal | by MATTHEW REES.

Book review of Dead Aid
By Dambisa Moyo
(Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 188 pages, $24)
book_reviews  economic_development  Africa  Dambisa_Moyo  Zambia  foreign_aid 
march 2009 by jerryking

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