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Opinion | America’s Risky Approach to Artificial Intelligence
October 7, 2019 | The New York Times | By Tim Wu
Mr. Wu is the author of “The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires.”

The brilliant 2014 science fiction novel “The Three-Body Problem,” by the Chinese writer Liu Cixin, depicts the fate of civilizations as almost entirely dependent on winning grand races to scientific milestones. Someone in China’s leadership must have read that book, for Beijing has made winning the race to artificial intelligence a national obsession, devoting billions of dollars to the cause and setting 2030 as the target year for world dominance. Not to be outdone, President Vladimir Putin of Russia recently declared that whoever masters A.I. “will become the ruler of the world.”..... if there is even a slim chance that the race to build stronger A.I. will determine the future of the world — and that does appear to be at least a possibility — the United States and the rest of the West are taking a surprisingly lackadaisical and alarmingly risky approach to the technology........The plan seems to be for the American tech industry, which makes most of its money in advertising and selling personal gadgets, to serve as champions of the West. Those businesses, it is hoped, will research, develop and disseminate the most important basic technologies of the future. Companies like Google, Apple and Microsoft are formidable entities, with great talent and resources that approximate those of small countries. But they don’t have the resources of large countries, nor do they have incentives that fully align with the public interest (JCK: that is, "business interests" vs. "public interest"]..... The history of computing research is a story not just of big corporate laboratories but also of collaboration and competition among civilian government, the military, academia and private players both big (IBM, AT&T) and small (Apple, Sun)......Some advocates of more A.I. research have called for a “Manhattan project” for A.I. — but that’s not the right model. The atomic bomb and the moon rocket were giant but discrete projects. In contrast, A.I. is a broad and vague set of scientific technologies that encompass not just recent trends in machine learning but also anything else designed to replicate or augment human cognition.....the United States government should broadly fund basic research and insist on broad dissemination..... the United States needs to support immigration laws that attract the world’s top A.I. talent. The history of breakthroughs made by start-ups also suggests the need for policies, like the enforcement of antitrust laws and the defense of net neutrality, that give small players a chance.... the computer scientist and entrepreneur Kai-Fu Lee, in his book “AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order,” describes a race between China and Silicon Valley, as if the latter were the sum total of Western science in this area. In the future, when we look back at this period, we may come to regret the loss of a healthy balance between privately and publicly funded A.I. research in the West, and the drift of too much scientific and engineering talent into the private sector.
antitrust  ARPA  artificial_intelligence  Beijing  Bell_Labs  Big_Tech  business_interests  China  China_Rising  FAANG  high-risk  immigration  industrial_policies  Kai-Fu_Lee  Manhattan_project  publicly_funded  R&D  risks  science_fiction  Silicon_Valley  talent  Tim_Wu  Vladimir_Putin  Xerox 
october 2019 by jerryking
Another Melting Pot Boils Over Due to Immigration | Fast Forward | OZY
A former British colony that gained independence in 1966, modern Guyana was largely built with the help of generations of Indian indentured laborers. Their descendants, now known as East Indians, make up 40 percent of the population, while Afro-Guyanese — descendants of African slaves — comprise 30 percent. Groups of Indian, African, European, Chinese and indigenous heritage are all prominent.
Guyana  human_trafficking  immigration  immigrants  melting_pot 
july 2018 by jerryking
Keeping America's Edge
Winter 2010 | National Affairs | Jim Manzi.

.....One of the most painful things about markets is that they often make fools of our fathers: Sharp operators with an eye for trends often outperform those who carefully learn a trade and continue a tradition. ...First, To begin with, we must unwind some recent errors that fail to take account of these circumstances. Most obviously, government ownership of industrial assets is almost a guarantee that the painful decisions required for international competitiveness will not be made. When it comes to the auto industry, for instance, we need to take the loss and move on. As soon as possible, the government should announce a structured program to sell off the equity it holds in GM. ....Second, the financial crisis has demonstrated obvious systemic problems of poor regulation and under-regulation of some aspects of the financial sector that must be addressed — though for at least a decade prior to the crisis, over-regulation, lawsuits, and aggressive government prosecution seriously damaged the competitiveness of other parts of America's financial system ........Regulation to avoid systemic risk must therefore proceed from a clear understanding of its causes. In the recent crisis, the reason the government has been forced to prop up financial institutions isn't that they are too big to fail, but rather that they are too interconnected to fail......we should therefore adopt a modernized version of a New Deal-era ­innovation: focus on creating walls that contain busts, rather than on applying brakes that hold back the entire system.....Third, over the coming decades, we should seek to deregulate public schools. .....We should pursue the creation of a real marketplace among ever more deregulated publicly financed schools — a market in which funding follows students, and far broader discretion is permitted to those who actually teach and manage in our schools. There are real-world examples of such systems that work well today — both Sweden and the Netherlands, for instance, have implemented this kind of plan at the national level......Fourth, we should reconceptualize immigration as recruiting. Assimilating immigrants is a demonstrated core capability of America's political economy — and it is one we should take advantage of. ....think of immigration as an opportunity to improve our stock of human capital. Once we have re-established control of our southern border, and as we preserve our commitment to political asylum, we should also set up recruiting offices looking for the best possible talent everywhere: from Mexico City to Beijing to Helsinki to Calcutta. Australia and Canada have demonstrated the practicality of skills-based immigration policies for many years. We should improve upon their example by using testing and other methods to apply a basic tenet of all human capital-intensive organizations managing for the long term: Always pick talent over skill. It would be great for America as a whole to have, say, 500,000 smart, motivated people move here each year with the intention of becoming citizens.
social_cohesion  innovation  human_capital  Jim_Manzi  immigration  immigration_policies  recruiting  interconnections  too_big_to_fail  economic_downturn  outperformance  capitalization  human_potential  financial_system  regulation  under-regulation  too_interconnected_to_fail  systemic_risks  talent  skills  innovation_policies 
august 2017 by jerryking
In 1967, the birth of modern Canada - The Globe and Mail

1967 is the hinge upon which modern Canadian history turns and, in certain respects, the key to understanding the challenges of the next half-century.

Today, we live in the country shaped by the decisions and transformations of 1967, far more than by the events of 1867.

Let me make the case, then, that 1967 was Canada’s first good year. We should spend this year celebrating not the 150 th year of Confederation, but the 50th birthday of the new Canada.

But let me also make the case that our conventional story about the birth of second-century Canada is largely wrong. We like to believe that starting in the late 1960s, a series of political decisions, parliamentary votes, court rulings and royal commissions descended upon an innocent, paternalistic, resource-economy Canada and forced upon it an awkward jumble of novelties: non-white immigration, bilingualism, multiculturalism, refugees, indigenous nationhood, liberation of women and gays, the seeds of free trade, individual rights, religious diversity.

But the explosions of official novelty that were launched in and around 1967 weren’t a cause; they were an effect of profound changes that had taken place in Canadians themselves during the two decades after the war, in their thinking and their composition and their attitude toward their country, in Quebec and English Canada and in indigenous communities.

There is a solid line leading from the events of 1967 to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982: It was impossible to have a Canada of multiple peoples, as we discovered was necessary in the late 1960s, without having a Canada of individual people and their rights.

....Individual rights, Quebecois consciousness, indigenous shared-sovereignty status and cultural plurality weren’t the only inevitable outcomes of the 1967 moment. What Canada witnessed over the next two decades was a self-reinforcing spiral of events that often sprung directly from the centennial-era awakening of a postcolonial consciousness.
Doug_Saunders  anniversaries  1967  nostalgia  nationalism  '60s  turning_points  centenaries  pride  Pierre_Berton  Canada  Canada150  national_identity  aboriginals  postcolonial  symbolism  John_Diefenbaker  Lester_Pearson  multiculturalism  Quebecois  Quiet_Revolution  monoculturalism  land_claim_settlements  immigration  royal_commissions  sesquicentennial  Charter_of_Rights_and_Freedoms  Confederation  retrospectives 
january 2017 by jerryking
A supersized Canada is so 20th century - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Wednesday, Nov. 02, 2016

Whenever the idea of dramatically increasing immigration comes up, that Sir Wilfrid Laurier line is sure to be trotted out. You know the one: The 20th century will belong to Canada. The actual quote was that just as the 19th century had been the century of the United States, so Canada would “fill the 20th century.” The phrase is always invoked as an indictment against Canada’s present, and its smallness of vision. Laurier told us that one day we’d be big man on campus. And yet here we are, all these years later, somewhere between the 10th and 16th largest economy on earth.....Big Canada is a 20th-century idea. In the 21st century, it doesn’t compute. It’s an anachronism, like going online in 2016 and trying to book passage from the Old Continent to the New World in steerage class, on a steam-powered ocean liner....The main question today for Canadians and their governments should be what can be done to make us and our fellow citizens, and generations to come, safer, freer, happier and wealthier.
immigration  Sir_Wilfred_Laurier  21st._century  19th_century 
november 2016 by jerryking
Talent Loves English -
MAY 26, 2015

Continue reading the main story

David Brooks
Magna_Carta  immigration  David_Brooks  Anglo-Saxon  free_markets  capitalism  social_democracy 
may 2015 by jerryking
A fighter for immigration, inclusion and diversity - The Globe and Mail
TORONTO — The Globe and Mail
Published Friday, Apr. 17 2015,

After years of running the poverty-fighting Maytree Foundation, last fall Ratna Omidvar was named head of the new Global Diversity Exchange housed at the Ted Rogers School of Management at Toronto’s Ryerson University. The GDX, as she calls it, will do research and exchange information about diversity and the inclusion of immigrants and visible minorities – not just in Canada but all over the world.

It is essentially a “think-and-do tank,”...the GDX will tap into the great minds who have studied immigration and settlement, while sharing concrete strategies and experiences that have worked effectively.

While national governments function as the gatekeepers for immigration – letting people in or keeping them out – it is local efforts, usually at the city level, that make the difference in getting immigrants to prosper, she said.
immigration  women  diversity  Ryerson  leaders  immigrants  leadership  networking  boards_&_directors_&_governance  Maytree  talent_pipelines  under-representation  Ratna_Omidvar  Toronto  cities  think_tanks 
april 2015 by jerryking
Toronto wise to hold off celebrating Wynne’s victory - The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Published Friday, Jun. 13 2014

Ontario, and by extension its capital city, is facing big challenges. Once the dynamo of the national economy, the province is struggling to create jobs and maintain growth. Joblessness runs consistently above the national average. Ontario’s troubles have obvious and serious effects on Toronto. This city is in the process of moving from big city to true metropolis. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants are arriving every decade from all corners of the world. The city is growing up (quite literally, in its booming downtown). Will it thrive on this growth or choke on it?

To cope, Toronto needs to invest in transit, roads, water systems and other key infrastructure. It needs to reform its often-inept city government, making it leaner and more responsive. If it is to overcome the stresses of growth and continue to thrive in the coming years, it needs the consistent help of the provincial government, to which city hall is tightly tethered.

More than that, it needs Ontario to succeed. Ontario’s problem is Toronto’s problem.

Mr. Hudak’s Conservatives and Ms. Wynne’s Liberals offered starkly different solutions. Mr. Hudak promised to cut big government down to size, trim corporate taxes and spur job creation that way. Ms. Wynne promised to invest instead of cut, pouring money into transit and other needs.
Marcus_Gee  Toronto  Kathleen_Wynne  Ontario  Liberals  joblessness  job_creation  immigrants  immigration  responsiveness 
june 2014 by jerryking
Startup visa program nears approval of first applicants - The Globe and Mail

Vancouver — Special to The Globe and Mail

Published Monday, Nov. 11 2013,
immigrants  immigration  start_ups  entrepreneur 
november 2013 by jerryking
The pivot point
September 27, 2013 | RoB Magazine | Gordon Pitts.
Kevin Lynch's big ideas on reviving the East Coast economy don't include big government
economic_development  Gordon_Pitts  Atlantic_Canada  immigration  immigrants  Kevin_Lynch  thinking_big 
september 2013 by jerryking
'Heaven was the word for Canada:' race in Martin Luther King's 'North Star' - The Globe and Mail
Aug. 24 2013 | The Globe and Mail | John Ibbitson.

....Racially, the single greatest achievement may have been the decision by the government of Lester B. Pearson in 1967 to introduce the points system for choosing immigrants, sweeping away policies that had kept non-whites out of Canada for generations.

The following half-century of wide-open immigration and entrenched multiculturalism forged Canadian cities so cosmopolitan, diverse and tolerant that they come closer than any to Dr. King’s dream of harmony and equality....

But only for some. Black Canadians make up 2.5 per cent of the population, but fill 9 per cent of the spaces in the country’s prisons, according to the federal Office of the Correctional Investigator. Too many poor non-white neighbourhoods are unstable and, for many of those trapped in them, unsafe
MLK  John_Ibbitson  anniversaries  speeches  Underground_Railroad  geographic_segregation  North_Star  marginalization  1967  Lester_Pearson  African_Canadians  overrepresentation  disproportionality  immigration  multiculturalism  Canadian  cities  cosmopolitan  exclusion 
august 2013 by jerryking
America's Farm Workforce Is Aging -
August 12, 2013 | WSJ | By MIRIAM JORDAN

America's Farm-Labor Pool Is Graying
Growers Say Reliance on Aging Workers Shows Urgent Need for Immigration Overhaul
workforce  aging  agriculture  farming  demographic_changes  immigration 
august 2013 by jerryking
For Foreign Investors, Profit Isn’t Only Goal - New York Times
March 16, 2008
Square Feet | Checking In
For Foreign Investors, Profit Isn’t Only Goal
investors  immigration  immigrants  visas 
august 2012 by jerryking
In Africa Town, everything to gain
May. 15 2010 | The Globe and Mail | Tristan Coloma
China  Africa  Guangzhou  immigration  challenges 
june 2012 by jerryking
Adjusting to a Dry Market -
March 17, 2003 | WSJ | By PAULETTE THOMAS | Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL. How Do You Make Adjustments When Your Market Dries Up?

THE LESSON: It's a new world. Opportunities abound across borders for those who develop the contacts and expertise.
borderless  lawyers  business_development  small_business  immigration  visas  India  Turkey  South_Korea  globalization 
may 2012 by jerryking
Why Canada needs a flood of immigrants - The Globe and Mail
Joe Friesen — Demographics reporter
From Saturday's Globe and Mail
Published Friday, May. 04, 2012
immigration  immigrants  Canada 
may 2012 by jerryking
Immigration undergoes a sea change - The Globe and Mail
CHRYSTIA FREELAND | Columnist profile
From Friday's Globe and Mail
Oct. 06, 2011

In the age of the Internet, the jet plane and the multinational company, the concepts of immigration, citizenship and even statehood are changing.
Chrystia_Freeland  Diaspora  immigration  immigrants  citizenship 
october 2011 by jerryking
Review & Outlook: A Nation in Motion
DECEMBER 22, 2010 | The Census is in. There are now
308.74 million Americans, an increase of 27 million, or 9.7%, since
2000. Americans are still multiplying, one of the best indicators that
the country's prospects remain strong.
About 13 million of that increase were new immigrants. These newcomers
brought energy, talent, entrepreneurial skills and a work ethic. Their
continued arrival in such large numbers validates that the rest of the
world continues to view the U.S. as a land of freedom and opportunity.
The Census figures also confirm that America is a nation in constant
motion, with tens of millions hopping across state lines and changing
residence since 2000. And more of them are moving into conservative,
market-friendly red states than into progressive, public-sector heavy
blue states. In order the 10 states with the greatest population gains
were Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Texas, North Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Colorado and South Carolina.
census  population_trends  internal_migration  work_ethic  immigrants  immigration  North_Carolina 
december 2010 by jerryking
Put out the welcome sign for immigrants
Nov 3, 2010 / Financial Times pg. 14 / Luke Johnson. Importing
human capital generates wealth. They bring ideas - and often financial capital - and force us to raise our game to compete. Throughout history, those who would expel or persecute industrious communities - like Nazi Germany and the Jews, Idi Amin's Uganda and Asians - have been the big
losers. What we need is brainpower and willpower - they are the greatest
natural resources. Migrants are a self-selecting minority and tend to
be young and enterprising. We should continue to make our country
attractive to arrivals from all over the world who want to start a
Luke_Johnson  human_capital  wealth_creation  migrants  immigrants  immigration  ethnic_communities  willpower  expulsions  persecution  Uganda  Idi_Amin  brainpower  South_Asians  natural_resources  self-selecting  displacement  dislocations  adversity 
november 2010 by jerryking
Defying Trend, Canada Lures More Migrants -
November 12, 2010 | New York Times | By JASON DePARLE. The
Manitoba program, started in 1998 at employers’ behest, has grown
rapidly under both liberal and conservative governments. While the
federal system favors those with college degrees, Manitoba takes the
semi-skilled, like truck drivers, and focuses on people with local
relatives in the hopes that they will stay. The newcomers can bring
spouses and children and get a path to citizenship.

Most are required to bring savings, typically about $10,000, to finance
the transition without government aid. While the province nominates
people, the federal government does background checks and has the final
say. Unlike many migrant streams, the new Manitobans have backgrounds
that are strikingly middle class.
immigration  Canada  Manitoba  Winnipeg  migrants 
november 2010 by jerryking
The Crossroads Nation -
Nov. 8, 2010 By DAVID BROOKS. What sort of country will
America be in 2030 or 2050? Nobody has defined America’s coming
economic identity. ....We’re living in an information age. Innovation
and creativity are the engines of economic growth. ...Creativity is not a
solitary process. It happens within netwks. It happens when talented
people get together, when idea systems and mentalities merge....."In
2009, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Dir. policy planning at the State Dept.,
wrote an essay , “America’s Edge.”" for Foreign Affairs in which she
laid out the logic of this new situation: “In a networked world, the
issue is no longer relative power, but centrality in an increasingly
dense global web.” the U.S. is well situated to be the crossroads
nation. It is well situated to be the center of global ntwks and to
nurture the right kinds of ntwks Building that US means doing everything
possible to thicken connections: finance research; improve
infrastructure; fix immigration; reform taxes;
R&D  infrastructure  immigration  creativity  future  David_Brooks  networks  soft_power  U.S.foreign_policy  synchronization  orchestration  centralization  Anne-Marie_Slaughter  cross-disciplinary  cross-pollination  network_density  network_power  op_ed 
november 2010 by jerryking
A few frank words about immigration - The Globe and Mail
Oct. 07, 2010 | The Globe & Mail | Margaret Wente. The
prevailing narrative is that if immigrants are doing badly, the fault
must be ours. They’re held back by subtle discrimination, we don’t
recognize their credentials and so on. No doubt there’s some truth in
this. But the greater truth is that making a go of it in a
postindustrial knowledge-based economy isn’t easy. Success depends on
sophisticated language and communication skills – along with knowledge
of local networks – that many newer immigrants never acquire. And their
kids? Their success depends largely on “ethnic capital,” a culture that
values education and expects kids to excel. Kids from cultures with lots
of ethnic capital do vastly better than kids from cultures that have
immigration  Margaret_Wente  ethnic_communities  social_capital 
october 2010 by jerryking
Toward a New American Century -
OCTOBER 7, 2010 Wall Street Journal by Michael Milken. Despite
high unemployment, declining education standards and greater
competition from China and other countries, we can extend America's
pre-eminence long into the future if the public and private sectors—and
all of us as individuals—assume greater responsibility for our common

Six areas in particular provide opportunities for positive change:

• Housing. • Entitlements. • Education. • Health.• Immigration.• Energy.
Michael_Milken  immigration  human_capital  education  energy  entitlements  housing 
october 2010 by jerryking
Review: Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World, by Doug Saunders
Sep. 25, 2010 | Globe & Mail | Review by Mark Kingwell of
Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World, by Doug Saunders,
Knopf Canada, 368 pgs., $34.95. Saunders, the European bureau chief for
the G&M, has surveyed a series of 20 urban areas around the world,
from Liu Gong Li and North Mumbai to South LA and Toronto’s Thorncliffe
Park, in order to understand “the final migration.” Most humans on the
planet now live in cities, and over the next decades another 1/4 to a
1/3 of the world will join them. Saunders calls this shift the most
decisive social and cultural change since the Enlightenment and its
legacies, including the French and Industrial revolutions, and it is
difficult to deny it. Urban migration has not just been massive; it is
proving to be one-way, fast and final with consequences affecting
everything from governance systems and financial markets to climate
conditions and fuel resources. Saunders claims that we are not paying
sufficient attention to this truth.
book_reviews  Doug_Saunders  Thorncliffe_Park  migrants  immigration  cities  urban 
september 2010 by jerryking
Rich Chinese Businessmen Want Hong Kong Homes
May 13, 2010 | BusinessWeek | By Bruce Einhorn. Wealthy
from stimulus money pumped into the Chinese economy, they are driving up
residential real estate, in a slump since the 1997 post-takeover crash.
real_estate  China  high_net_worth  Hong_Kong  passports  immigration  citizenship  Northwood 
may 2010 by jerryking
Op-Ed Columnist - Start-Ups, Not Bailouts -
April 3, 2010 | New York Times | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN. "we
also need to be thinking just as seriously and urgently about what are
the ingredients that foster entrepreneurship — how new businesses are
catalyzed, inspired and enabled and how we enlist more people to do
that". “Roughly 25 percent of successful high-tech start-ups over the
last decade were founded or co-founded by immigrants,” said Litan. Think
Sergey Brin, the Russian-born co-founder of Google, or Vinod Khosla,
the India-born co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
Kauffman_Foundation  entrepreneurship  start_ups  immigration  Tom_Friedman  Toronto  new_businesses  Silicon_Valley 
april 2010 by jerryking
Op-Ed Columnist - America’s Real Dream Team -
March 20, 2010 | New York Times | By THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN. The
majority of the 40 finalists in the 2010 Intel Science Talent Search,
which, through a national contest, identifies and honors the top math
and science high school students in America, based on their solutions to
scientific problems-- hailed from immigrant families, largely from
Tom_Friedman  high_schools  students  immigration  immigrants  Intel  contests  talent  science_&_technology  mathematics 
march 2010 by jerryking
Entrepreneurs From China Flourish in Africa - New York Times
August 18, 2007 | New York Times | By HOWARD W. FRENCH and
LYDIA POLGREEN. Hundreds of thousands of Chinese have discovered the
continent, setting off to do business in a part of the world that had
been terra incognita. The Xinhua News Agency recently estimated that at
least 750,000 Chinese were working or living for extended periods on the
continent, a reflection of deepening economic ties between China and
Africa that reached $55 billion in trade in 2006, compared with less
than $10 million a generation earlier.
China  Africa  Xinhua  international_trade  trends  entrepreneurship  immigration 
march 2010 by jerryking
What World Migration Means for Business
5/19/2003 | HBS Working Knowledge | by Marcelo M.
Suárez-Orozco. Transnational immigrants are just "the tip of the
iceberg," he said. China probably has more than 100 million internal
immigrants moving from rural areas into the cities. The greatest
dynamics today are often within nation-states like China or within
regions of the world, he said. The largest flow of refugees today is
within Africa.

Whether they are moving from one continent to another or from a village
to a city, immigrants may experience the same sorts of upheaval:
political, legal, cultural, and linguistic. "These are not unlike the
processes of moving from Montego Bay to Boston, because [often] they're
coming from completely different linguistic and cultural groups," he
mass_migrations  migrants  immigration  globalization  remittances  internal_migration  dislocations  refugees  Africa  China 
november 2009 by jerryking
We Need an Immigration Stimulus -
APRIL 27, 2009 | Wall Street Journal | by L. GORDON CROVITZ.

Economic downturn is the right time to move on immigration, one of the
few policy tools that could clearly boost growth.Immigrants have had a
disproportionate role in innovation and technology. Companies founded by
immigrants include Yahoo, eBay and Google. Half of Silicon Valley
start-ups were founded by immigrants, up from 25% a decade ago. Some 40%
of patents in the U.S. are awarded to immigrants. A recent study by the
Kauffman Foundation found that immigrants are 50% likelier to start
businesses than natives. Immigrant-founded technology firms employ
450,000 workers in the U.S. And according to the National Venture
Capital Association, immigrants have started one quarter of all U.S.
venture-backed firms.
Silicon_Valley  start_ups  L._Gordon_Crovtiz  Amar_Bhidé  immigrants  policy_tools  immigration  Kauffman_Foundation  disproportionality  economic_downturn 
may 2009 by jerryking
Facing diversity
Chrystia Freeland. London: Dec 14, 2007. pg. 1
Harvard professor Robert Putnam's work on the impact of diversity on
community values, published this summer in the journal Scandinavian
Political Studies. Putnam found that living in diverse communities makes
us worse neighbours and citizens: "Immigration and ethnic diversity
tend to reduce social solidarity and social capital...Trust (even of
one's own race) is lower, altruism and community cooperation rarer,
friends fewer," he writes.
trustworthiness  business  ethnic  immigration  ethnic_communities  Chrystia_Freeland  diversity  Scandanavian  social_cohesion 
february 2009 by jerryking

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