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jerryking : prevention   12

Deadly Falls in Older Americans Are Rising. Here’s How to Prevent Them. - The New York Times
By Katie Hafner
June 4, 2019

for people over 75, the rate of mortality from falls more than doubled from 2000 to 2016.....The most likely reason is that people are living longer with conditions that in the past they might have died from,” she said. In addition, she continued, older adults are on medications that increase their risk of falling. Women are slightly more likely to fall than men, but men are slightly more likely to die as a result of a fall......“The take-home message is that falls kill,”....
Although the trend is disturbing, falls needn’t be an inevitable part of aging, and they are preventable.......The biggest risk factor for falls that can’t be changed is your age,” said Dr. Elizabeth Eckstrom, a geriatrician at Oregon Health & Science University. “Most of the other risks can be mitigated.”

(1) Exercise!
incorporating exercise into a daily routine....at least 20 minutes a day, combining aerobic and anaerobic exercise. Weight lifting, particularly for strengthening the legs, is a good idea....Tai chi, the Chinese martial art, appears to be an effective way to improve balance. It involves very slow, purposeful movements in coordination with breathing and muscle activity.
(2) Mind your meds
Medications, especially those that help with sleep, can compromise balance. ....benzodiazepines such as Valium and Xanax are especially bad.....“Metabolism slows in older adults, so toxicity to benzos builds up, which can cause dizziness,”.....The same goes for non-benzodiazepines such as Ambien. Sedating antihistamines such as Benadryl and Advil PM are also bad for balance.
(3) Re-accessorize
Eyesight is a crucial component when it comes to falls. Avoid bifocal or progressive lenses when walking outside. “If you’re wearing bifocals and stepping down off a curb, that changes your depth perception,”.......use a single-focus lens for walking outside....Then there’s footwear. Fashion needs to take a back seat to function. “No high heels,”....Anything the foot slides into is a terrible idea, she said: “Avoid cute slide-in sandals.” All shoes should have a back, and a sole with good tread. Slippers, too, can be bad. “Slippers make you slip,”.....Are you too proud to use a cane or walker? Get over it.
(4) Eliminate tripping hazards.
The accumulated clutter of a lifetime can be lethal. Get rid of small scatter rugs in your home, and eliminate extension cords that stretch across a floor.
(5) Early and often to the bathroom.
Hydration is a good way to fight dizziness. Drink plenty of water throughout the day,
aging  footwear  geriatrics  hydration  prevention  quality_of_life  risk_factors  strength_training 
june 2019 by jerryking
Traffic accidents: predict, then prevent
March 19, 2013 | G&M | NICK ROCKEL.
Edmonton cut crash deaths and injuries by nearly 40 per cent by crunching data ranging from road design to license plates....Beyond looking for existing patterns to improve traffic safety, OTS has started peering into the future, with the use of predictive analytics.

Last year, its analytics team collaborated with the University of Alberta's departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, to build a computer model that shows, based on snow conditions, when to expect a higher number of collisions.

This weather model predicts collision trends seven days in advance with about 90-per-cent accuracy, Mr. Shimko says. As conditions turn hazardous, the city's Traffic Management Centre can use this information as part of its digital sign messaging.

As well, OTS works with the Edmonton Police Service on several initiatives to reduce speeding and other traffic violations.

Last year it began collecting and analyzing data on every licence plate detected via intersection safety devices, photo speed enforcement and other automated means, and giving high-risk drivers' plates to the police. "Then the police can target their resources based on those high-risk drivers," who typically have more injury collisions, Mr. Shimko says. "Some of the initial results are quite promising."

Special to The
Edmonton  predictive_analytics  analytics  data  prevention  engineering  data_driven  massive_data_sets  weather  traffic_congestion  OTS  collisions 
march 2013 by jerryking
Catching the Sights, Not the Bugs - NYTimes.com
By EMILY BRENNAN
Published: December 26, 2012

Q. What should you pack?

A. For any overseas trip, I recommend taking along self-treatment for traveler’s diarrhea — loperamide, known by the brand name Imodium here, and an antibiotic, the most common being ciprofloxacin.

If you’re going to a malarial area, the travel clinic should prescribe you malaria prophylaxis, the most common of which is Malarone, to take during your trip and seven days after it. That will kill off any parasites in your bloodstream, but two milder forms of malaria can continue to multiply in the liver. If you develop an unexplained fever six months, even a year, after your return, go to your doctor.

Other things to pack: Band-Aids and topical antibiotics to treat minor wounds; water purification tablets like Potable Aquaor Coghlan’s or portable filters; sunscreen; and insect repellent with 30 to 50 percent DEET. Hikers should bring a full suture kit. If you’re staying in accommodations that do not have good screens, I recommend getting mosquito nets and clothes impregnated with pyrethrum, a natural insect repellent.
travel  disease  prevention  mens'_health  illness  germs  insurance  malaria  diarrhea  packing  safety 
december 2012 by jerryking
Prepared for the worst?
May 14, 2011 | Stabroek News | Editorial.

Natural disasters are, by definition, unforeseeable; but an ounce of prevention can be worth a pound of cure. Better levees would have averted much of the worst damage when Katrina struck New Orleans; Japan could have placed its power plants further inland (and away from earthquake fault-lines); and deep-water drilling could have been better regulated in the Gulf. We should not discount the need to maintain sea defences (squatters and other hindrances notwithstanding) and undertake other necessary measures before we find ourselves in a crisis. The absence of disasters nearly always breeds complacency; budgets are slashed and worst-case scenarios dismissed, until the chance for preventive maintenance has passed. But none of that should obscure the fact that the worst time to prepare for a storm is when the clouds have already gathered.
natural_calamities  prevention  preparation  worst-case  disasters  disaster_myopia  disaster_preparedness  complacency  thinking_tragically 
may 2011 by jerryking
Pledged to Find Cancer Cure, but Advances Prove Elusive - Series - NYTimes.com
April 23, 2009 | New York Times | By GINA KOLATA

The death rate for cancer, adjusted for the size and age of the
population, dropped only 5 percent from 1950 to 2005. In contrast, the
death rate for heart disease dropped 64 percent in that time, and for
flu and pneumonia, it fell 58 percent.
survival  disease  prevention  metastatic  Gina_Kolata  cancers 
april 2009 by jerryking

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