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British boy becomes Fortnite millionaire in World Cup tournament | Games | The Guardian
A total of $30m in prize money was up for grabs, the biggest ever at an esports event.

The duos winners, Emil Bergquist Pedersen from Norway and his Austrian partner, David W, who play as Nyhrox and Aqua, took home a total of $3m prize money.

More than 100 finalists took part in the event, trimmed down from about 40 million who attempted to qualify for the tournament.

A total of six matches were played in the competition, with duos earning points based on eliminations and their placing in each round.
games  sport  finance  attention 
7 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Opinion | How Silicon Valley Puts the ‘Con’ in Consent - The New York Times
The average person would have to spend 76 working days reading all of the digital privacy policies they agree to in the span of a year. Reading Amazon’s terms and conditions alone out loud takes approximately nine hours.

Why would anyone read the terms of service when they don’t feel as though they have a choice in the first place? It’s not as though a user can call up Mark Zuckerberg and negotiate his or her own privacy policy. The “I agree” button should have long ago been renamed “Meh, whatever.”
attention  internet  privacy  google  facebook  amazon 
february 2019 by juliusbeezer
Media Lens - The Filter Bubble - Owen Jones And Con Coughlin
'Owen, we absolutely loved your thread exposing Con Coughlin. But what happened to the promised Guardian article on this? I'm asking because you told us you were writing something on Oct 17. The piece then came out a week later on Oct 24 with almost all the meat missing. Did you run into internal opposition at the Guardian?' (Direct message, Twitter, November 8, 2018)

We received no reply. Jones, of course, is not about to reveal what happened to his article. Perhaps the Guardian editors simply published what he submitted. One thing is clear: somehow, at some point, the filter bubble worked its magic and prevented a damning expose of a senior UK journalist reaching the Guardian's readers.
journalism  uk  iraq  attention  agnotology 
november 2018 by juliusbeezer
‘Never get high on your own supply’ – why social media bosses don’t use social media | Media | The Guardian
Parker was joined by another Facebook objector, former vice-president for user growth Chamath Palihapitiya. “The short-term, dopamine-driven feedback loops that we have created are destroying how society works. No civil discourse, no cooperation; misinformation, mistruth,” Palihapitiya said at a conference in Stanford, California. “This is not about Russian ads. This is a global problem. It is eroding the core foundations of how people behave by and between each other. I can control my decision, which is that I don’t use that shit. I can control my kids’ decisions, which is that they’re not allowed to use that shit.”
facebook  socialmedia  twitter  attention  psychology 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Widely used U.S. government database delists cancer journal - Retraction Watch at Retraction Watch
readers who are familiar with the guidelines MEDLINE follows when deselecting journals “can draw their own conclusions.”

Here is some background information from MEDLINE:

Journals may be deselected from MEDLINE for various reasons including, but not limited to, extremely late publication patterns, major changes in the scientific quality or editorial process, and changes in ownership or publishers.

Backus added that since she’s worked with MEDLINE over the past few years, only “a handful” of journals have been removed from the index.

It’s not very many. It’s infrequent.

Oncotarget has been on our radar for some time. Besides a handful of retractions that we’ve covered, we’ve obtained emails that show an editor of the journal, Mikhail Blagosklonny, contacted colleagues of Jeffrey Beall at the University of Colorado Denver who had published in Oncotarget in 2015 after Beall added the journal to his (now inactive) list of possibly predatory publications.
sciencepublishing  reputation  beall  indexing  attention  library  politics  us  peerreview 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
Tim Berners-Lee on the future of the web: 'The system is failing' | Technology | The Guardian
The spread of misinformation and propaganda online has exploded partly because of the way the advertising systems of large digital platforms such as Google or Facebook have been designed to hold people’s attention.

“People are being distorted by very finely trained AIs that figure out how to distract them,” said Berners-Lee.

In some cases, these platforms offer users who create content a cut of advertising revenue. The financial incentive drove Macedonian teenagers with “no political skin in the game” to generate political clickbait fake news that was distributed on Facebook and funded by revenue from Google’s automated advertising engine AdSense.

“The system is failing. The way ad revenue works with clickbait is not fulfilling the goal of helping humanity promote truth and democracy. So I am concerned,”
google  facebook  news  web  internet  attention 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
Football agent guilty of killing man while texting behind wheel on M6 | World news | The Guardian
The court heard that Morrison’s speed before the “catastrophic” collision last February was “grossly excessive”. He had travelled at an average of 81mph for 23 miles beforehand, with one driver describing a vehicle going past him “like a missile”.

Forensic analysis of Morrison’s white Apple iPhone revealed he exchanged 25 WhatsApp messages in the 23 miles before the crash, just south of Tebay.

The last was sent to Championship footballer Zach Clough just 96 seconds before impact – a video link to a wonder goal the striker had scored for Bolton Wanderers. Clough responded in a text received by the agent’s phone after the crash: “Not bad was it, ha ha.”
driving  road_safety  crash_report  attention 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
Government review considers forcing cyclists to wear hi-vis and helmets · Cycling Weekly · Disqus
>I really don't understand the aversion to them.

The aversion arises from the scentific evidence: the human skull is fairly well-adapted to surviving low speed impacts. There is little evidence that a helmet is much use in the collisions with motor vehicles that are the real source of danger to cyclists. There is however good evidence that making cycle helmets obligatory reduces the uptake of cycling. As the beneficial effect of cycling on the reduction in cardiovascular risk and obesity outweighs the risks of trauma by an order of magnitude
reducing cycling (by harassing cyclists) will actually diminish the public health.
By all means wear one yourself if you want to. Just don't imagine that legislating to make everyone dress just like you leads anywhere good.
The helmet issue is a good means of distracting everyone from the real sources of road danger, however, so the road lobby like to keep it bubbling along.
cycling  helmetwars  DC  comment  attention  agnotology 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Pays-Bas. Téléphoner au volant sera bientôt puni d’une peine de prison | Courrier international
D’après la VVN, l’association de prévention routière du pays, un quart des accidents de la route sont dus au smartphone. Elle plaide pour que leur utilisation soit punie de la même façon que la conduite en état d’ivresse.

À l’heure actuelle, l’utilisation d’un téléphone au volant aux Pays-Bas est passible d’une amende de 230 euros, qu’il s’agisse d’une conversation téléphonique ou de l’utilisation d’une appli. En France, on risque une amende de 135 euros ainsi que le retrait de 3 points de son permis de conduire
attention  driving  telephony  netherlands  france  law 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Smartphones Are Killing Americans, But Nobody’s Counting - Bloomberg
Out of NHTSA’s full 2015 dataset, only 448 deaths were linked to mobile phones—that’s just 1.4 percent of all traffic fatalities. By that measure, drunk driving is 23 times more deadly than using a phone while driving, though studies have shown that both activities behind the wheel constitute (on average) a similar level of impairment. NHTSA has yet to fully crunch its 2016 data, but the agency said deaths tied to distraction actually declined last year.

There are many reasons to believe mobile phones are far deadlier than NHTSA spreadsheets suggest. Some of the biggest indicators are within the data itself. In more than half of 2015 fatal crashes, motorists were simply going straight down the road—no crossing traffic, rainstorms, or blowouts. Meanwhile, drivers involved in accidents increasingly mowed down things smaller than a Honda Accord, such as pedestrians or cyclists, many of whom occupy the side of the road or the sidewalk next to it. Fatalities increased inordinately among motorcyclists (up 6.2 percent in 2016) and pedestrians (up 9 percent).
driving  road_safety  attention  us  science  psychology 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
'Shocking' short film targets young adults using phone while driving | World news | The Guardian
Academy award winning film-maker Eva Orner has directed the centrepiece of Victoria’s latest road safety campaign, targeting young adults who use their mobile phone while driving.

The 22-minute documentary, It’s People Like Us, follows five young drivers who allowed Orner to place cameras in their cars for 10 days, recording every moment they looked down to check or send a text, took a call, or, in one case, sent a series of selfies on Snapchat.

The footage is intercut with interviews of the young adults describing their phone use. None seemed aware of how frequently they used their phone while driving.
attention  road_safety  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
'We want sauce': police called after McDonald's Rick and Morty promotion heats up | Business | The Guardian
A McDonald’s public relations stunt has ended in chaos and acrimony after the fast food chain promised fans of the TV show Rick and Morty a limited edition, long out of production Szechuan dipping sauce and then swiftly ran out.

Police were called to at least one outlet after people in queues for the sauce began getting angry and chanting “we want sauce”. Ultimately, the fallout from the stunt did not dampen demand for the sauce, with packets currently listed for hundreds of dollars on Ebay.
food  spectacle  attention  television  funny 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Outrageous good fortune smiles once again on Theresa May | Andrew Rawnsley | Opinion | The Guardian
For the most exquisitely apposite metaphor for what has happened to her premiership, you couldn’t beat the spectacle of Mrs May gulping water as the stage set fell apart. Yet I contend that she was rather lucky. She was fortunate because everyone focused on the presentational disasters rather than the content of the speech. This was devoid of what her demoralised party required from their leader. She answered the demand for a transformative vision that revived their prospects with a tired idea about the “British Dream”, a tangle of confused arguments and uninspiring, small-bore policy announcements.
politics  uk  attention  spectacle  funny 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Wikileaks Founder Blasts Twitter's Soft Censorship - Bitsonline
Julian Assange, the rogue editor of Wikileaks who is living as a refugee in the Ecuadorian embassy in London, has blasted Twitter over its increasing use of soft censorship. He highlighted a growing trend within mainstream media companies and platforms where dissenting viewpoints are labeled as offensive, or “fake news”.
The latest event seems to be an inconspicuous change in his account security settings; modifying them without his consent to ensure the images and tweets he posts are labeled as offensive or disturbing — and therefore not shown. In the era of clicks and eyeballs, this dramatically reduces the reach of his content.
twitter  assange  censorship  attention  security 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le blog Droit administratif | Demande d’abrogation de la norme contenue dans la décision du Conseil d’Etat rendue le 13 juillet 2016
« le principe de sécurité juridique, qui implique que ne puissent être remises en cause sans condition de délai des situations consolidées par l’effet du temps, fait obstacle à ce que puisse être contestée indéfiniment une décision administrative individuelle qui a été notifiée à son destinataire, ou dont il est établi, à défaut d’une telle notification, que celui-ci a eu connaissance ; qu’en une telle hypothèse, si le non-respect de l’obligation d’informer l’intéressé sur les voies et les délais de recours, ou l’absence de preuve qu’une telle information a bien été fournie, ne permet pas que lui soient opposés les délais de recours fixés par le code de justice administrative, le destinataire de la décision ne peut exercer de recours juridictionnel au-delà d’un délai raisonnable ; qu’en règle générale et sauf circonstances particulières dont se prévaudrait le requérant, ce délai ne saurait, sous réserve de l’exercice de recours administratifs pour lesquels les textes prévoient des délais particuliers, excéder un an à compter de la date à laquelle une décision expresse lui a été notifiée ou de la date à laquelle il est établi qu’il en a eu connaissance ».

Nous publions ici la demande d’abrogation de cette norme, adressée au Président de la République par le Professeur Frédéric Rolin, qui permet de discuter tant du bien fondé du principe ainsi dégagé que du statut de la jurisprudence.

[when you're banging your head on a brick wall, it might be a good idea to stop. See also bullshit, truthiness, and the unbearable verbosity of academic rebuttal]
france  law  writing  funny  attention 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Stop Expecting Facebook and Google to Curb Misinformation — It’s Great for Business
There are a few numbers these companies live and die by. One of these numbers is the quantification of “engagement,” a term kept deliberately vague so it can be expanded more easily; it essentially translates to “things happening on the website.” For Twitter, this means tweets, retweets, favorites, and various other clicking activities. “More” is directly equivalent to “better for business,” no matter what exactly there is more of. For Facebook, this translates to writing posts, sharing posts, liking posts, and so forth. The more people are staring at Facebook or clicking its click-ables, the higher this engagement number goes, and the better the company looks to investors and advertisers, the two parties that determine whether an internet firm will be massively lucrative or dead. Google’s position here is slightly different in that individual user accounts matter less, but the gist is similar: The more people looking and clicking, the better. You only need to spend several minutes on the internet to realize that a lot of this looking and clicking includes things like racist witch hunts, white supremacist evangelizing, deliberate hoaxes, and maybe even electoral interference of some sort (it seems entirely plausible that foreign governments might take to Facebook to throw wrenches in our civic life because they know we love wrenches). For years now, the major internet information brokers have been promising and promising to improve, but delivering only the most marginal signs of improvement. This isn’t a sign of failure but of lack of effort. We have yet to see what it would look like for a major technology company to make a serious, concerted attempt to filter out deliberate acts of harm and deceit.

The notion that Twitter couldn’t curb spam bots and Nazis or that Google couldn’t blacklist 4chan from its news overview is absurd. The issue is that, for revenue purposes, engagement with the informational equivalent of a leaking septic tank is indistinguishable from engagement with news sources that aren’t explicitly trying to deceive and defraud readers.
facebook  google  business  attention  twitter 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Coming Software Apocalypse - The Atlantic
he arranged an end-to-end study of Visual Studio, the only one that had ever been done. For a month and a half, he watched behind a one-way mirror as people wrote code. “How do they use tools? How do they think?” he said. “How do they sit at the computer, do they touch the mouse, do they not touch the mouse? All these things that we have dogma around that we haven’t actually tested empirically.”

The findings surprised him. “Visual Studio is one of the single largest pieces of software in the world,” he said. “It’s over 55 million lines of code. And one of the things that I found out in this study is more than 98 percent of it is completely irrelevant. All this work had been put into this thing, but it missed the fundamental problems that people faced. And the biggest one that I took away from it was that basically people are playing computer inside their head.” Programmers were like chess players trying to play with a blindfold on—so much of their mental energy is spent just trying to picture where the pieces are that there’s hardly any left over to think about the game itself.
coding  attention  programming  software 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Joseph Goebbels and Propaganda - History Learning Site
It is known that Goebbels studied the way advertising companies worked in America. A great deal of his written work was made up of short sentences – as the above indicate. Everything was kept simple so that there could be no misunderstanding as to its meaning. When Goebbels wrote for something like ‘Der Angriff’ or ‘Volkischer Beobachter’ he punctuated his sentences with capital letters. For example:

“What we demand is NEW, CLEAR-CUT and RADICAL, therefore in the long run REVOLUTIONARY. The upheaval we want is to be achieved first of all IN THE SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE. We know no IFS OR BUTS, we know only EITHER…OR.”
journalism  agnotology  attention  typography 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
Stop Worrying About Climate Deniers – We Won’t Escape Extreme Warming Unless we Deal with Climate Apathy | DeSmog UK
We should stop talking so much about climate denial. That might seem a surprising message from the author of a book on public opinion about climate change, but I’m convinced it’s the right answer for those of us who want more action to cut emissions.

Look at the news and climate denial seems to be everywhere. It’s common in the media, as Newsweek readers and UK radio listeners have recently been reminded, while its grip on the White House seems stronger than ever.

But among the public, denial is quite rare. As I show in my book, The Climate Majority, in comparison with the proportion that think climate change won’t be a threat, Americans are more likely to think 9/11 was a US government plot, more Brits think Princess Diana was assassinated, not killed accidentally, and Canadians are more likely to say Bigfoot is real. Those are fringe conspiracy theories, and it’s right they’re treated as such.

And yet we still get distracted by climate denial, when our real target should be climate apathy. Many people, perhaps half the population, understand that climate change is real and a threat but just don’t think about it very much and don’t understand why they would need to change their lives to deal with it. If that apathy isn’t tackled, the world will face dangerous warming.
agnotology  attention  climatechange 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
Margaret McCartney: Why GPs are always running late | The BMJ
As a colleague puts it, general practice is based on a lie—a lie that we can do this safely and well in 10 minutes. I reckon that acceptably safe practice would take double that, and excellent practice would need more again to ensure that everything’s in place for proper, shared decision making.
medicine  uk  attention 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
See hipsters lined up outside a new restaurant? This Chicago native's app pays them to be there. - Chicago Tribune
Surkus, an emerging app [allows] businesses to quickly manufacture their ideal crowd and pay the people to stand in place like extras on a movie set. They've even been hand-picked by a casting agent of sorts, an algorithmic one that selects each person according to age, location, style and Facebook "likes."

Acting disengaged while they idle in line could tarnish their "reputation score," an identifier that influences whether they'll be "cast" again. Nobody is forcing the participants to stay, of course, but if they leave, they won't be paid — their movements are being tracked with geolocation.

Welcome to the new world of "crowdcasting."

For example: A gaming company throwing a launch party might ask Surkus to find men and women ages 18 to 32 who like comic books, day parties, dance music and the company's product.

Once potential attendees have been identified from Surkus's user profiles, the app sends "availability requests" to users' phones... participants are asked to remain discreet about the origin of their invitations. Oftentimes, women are paid considerably more than men.

Caroline Thompson, 27, a contributing writer for Vice, said she downloaded Surkus and attended an event last year at a Chicago club full of "finance bros" on a Thursday night... "80 percent of the women at the club were there because of the app," she said... she was paid $40 to attend the event.
socialmedia  crowdscience  advertising  geolocation  attention  facebook 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
When Will Climate Change Make the Earth Too Hot For Humans?
We published “The Uninhabitable Earth” on Sunday night, and the response since has been extraordinary — both in volume (it is already the most-read article in New York Magazine’s history) and in kind. Within hours, the article spawned a fleet of commentary across newspapers, magazines, blogs, and Twitter, much of which came from climate scientists and the journalists who cover them.

Some of this conversation has been about the factual basis for various claims that appear in the article. To address those questions, and to give all readers more context for how the article was reported and what further reading is available, we are publishing here a version of the article filled with research annotations. They include quotations from scientists I spoke with throughout the reporting process; citations to scientific papers, articles, and books I drew from; additional research provided by my colleague Julia Mead; and context surrounding some of the more contested claims. Since the article was published, we have made four corrections and adjustments, which are noted in the annotations (as well as at the end of the original version).
journalism  annotation  peerreview  attention  climatechange  sciencepublishing  science 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
'Strong and stable leadership!' Could Theresa May's rhetorical carpet-bombing backfire? | Politics | The Guardian
A good reason for the continued omnipresence of “strong and stable” is that most people in the country are yet to hear it. A YouGov poll last week suggested that only 15% of the public are familiar with the phrase, and that “the message has yet to cut through to everyday people”. This viral gobbet of persuasion is not, obviously, aimed at sophisticated politics junkies, but at the average voter who thinks about politics for only four minutes a week (according to Jim Messina, who managed Barack Obama’s campaign and is now reportedly working for May). If you want to make sure your message squeezes in to those four minutes, you had better make sure it is totally unavoidable.
politics  uk  reception  attention  theory 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Jill Lepore on the Challenge of Explaining Things | Public Books
But I’ve always been interested in the history of technology and arguments about progress. Much of my scholarship lies at the intersection of political history and the field known as the history of the book, a field whose very subjects—which include literacy and the printing press—are technologies. I have always been especially interested in technologies of evidence, communication, and surveillance, which would encompass everything from writing systems to lie detectors...
To be fair, it’s difficult not to be susceptible to technological determinism. We measure the very moments of our lives by computer-driven clocks and calendars that we keep in our pockets. I get why people think this way. Still, it’s a pernicious fallacy. To believe that change is driven by technology, when technology is driven by humans, renders force and power invisible...
I once wrote a piece about the history of the breast pump. I was using a breast pump at the time and every time I hooked myself up to that monstrosity I felt like I was in a Mary Shelley story and I wondered, “For God’s sake, how on earth did it come to this?” So I looked into it. And do you know why we have breast pumps in the United States? Because we don’t have maternity leave. Pumps are a very cheap and crappy substitute. Freeze your eggs, freeze your milk, work like a man. Phooey...
Here’s a way to think about that: what percentage of everything “published” in, say, 1952—that is, every radio and television broadcast, every magazine, newspaper, newsletter, book—was edited, in the sense that it passed through the hands of at least one person whose entire job was to consider the judiciousness and reasonableness of the argument and the quality of the evidence? Let’s say—wild guess—more than 98 percent. And how much of everything “published” in 2017—every post, comment, clip—is edited? Who knows, but let’s say, less than 2 percent. Doesn’t that explain a lot about the pickle we’re in?
editing  attention  history  breastfeeding  work  politics  authoritarianism  writing 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Recurrent Neural Networks
Neural network generates something looking like English with little training
learning  tools  language  attention  agnotology 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Pedestrian deaths spiked in 2016. Distraction is partly to blame, early data shows | PBS NewsHour
WASHINGTON — Pedestrian deaths are climbing faster than motorist fatalities, reaching nearly 6,000 deaths last year — the highest total in more than two decades, according to an analysis of preliminary state data released Thursday.

Increased driving due to an improved economy, lower gas prices and more walking for exercise and environmental factors are some of the likely reasons behind the estimated 11 percent spike in pedestrian fatalities in 2016. The figures were prepared for the Governors Highway Safety Association, which represents state highway safety offices.
But researchers say they think the biggest factor may be more drivers and walkers distracted by cellphones and other electronic devices, although that’s hard to confirm.
us  driving  walking  road_safety  attention 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
In the Post-Truth Era, Colleges Must Share Their Knowledge - The Chronicle of Higher Education
Sharing universities’ knowledge openly and freely — knowledge produced or nurtured at; paid for, licensed, or owned by; or affiliated with the university — could also be a triumph for higher education. This has always been the case, but effecting it now is a moral imperative in this new post-truth, failed-fourth-estate, post-literate age of Trump.

Why? First of all, we are all in the attention business, and we have to play to win. Netflix tells its shareholders that it is not in the movie business or in the television business, but in the attention business, and that its competition is not CBS or NBC Universal or YouTube, but everything: every video game, online lecture, book, football game, advertisement, poem, sermon, or daydream. We who produce knowledge are also in the attention business — competing against everything else for time and place on the screens that we carry around and shuttle to and from every few minutes. To direct attention to the real knowledge that we produce, publishing our material online for free use and reuse is the first step.
attention  open  openaccess 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
One in three admit to driving with handheld phone | road.cc
The problem is that the legislators made a major error when they brought in the handset ban: because they went against the studies that showed that the distraction is the problem, and gave the massive concession to the mobile phone industry of allowing hands-free sets--even though such calls are also distracting.

Had this exemption not been allowed, then a simpler campaign against all distraction whilst driving would be possible. That concession was the thin end of the wedge, and now we have the drivers of 40 tonne lorries watching feature films on the dashboard's built-in screen, or bus drivers placing bets on-line using an app on their "smart"phone. I even overtook a priest weaving and slowing in a queue of traffic recently; but he was merely distracted by a well-thumbed breviary.

The main problem is that driving is very boring and passive, and not unsurprisingly, people start to wonder if they could fill up the time doing something more interesting. If it can be automated, this is certainly one solution.
cycling  attention  telephony  dccomment 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Facebook
Reposting from a friend for all those Americans out there:
In case anyone is getting sidetracked by Russian spy drama and the 'Obama bugging', meanwhile the following bills have been introduced:

1. HR 861 Terminate the Environmental Protection Agency
2. HR 610 Vouchers for Public Education
3. HR 899 Terminate the Department of Education
4. HJR 69 Repeal Rule Protecting Wildlife
5. HR 370 Repeal Affordable Care Act
6. HR 354 Defund Planned Parenthood
7. HR 785 National Right to Work (this one ends unions)
8. HR 83 Mobilizing Against Sanctuary Cities Bill
9. HR 147 Criminalizing Abortion (“Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act”)
10. HR 808 Sanctions against Iran
attention  agnotology  authoritarianism  us  politics 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Numbers Are In: Fake News Didn't Work - Bloomberg View
The researchers found out that pro-Trump fake stories had been shared about 30 million times, compared with 7.6 million times for pro-Hillary Clinton ones. About 15 percent of respondents recalled seeing the average fake news headline, and 8 percent recalled believing it when they saw it. Interestingly, the most-remembered fake story was a pro-Clinton one, saying Wikileaks had fabricated compromising emails from leading Democrats.

The numbers, however, were close for the placebo headlines, suggesting people were overstating their exposure.

Correcting for that, Allcott and Gentzkow estimated that only 1.2 percent of people actually recalled seeing the average fake story, meaning the average American remembered about 0.92 pro-Trump fake stories and 0.23 pro-Clinton ones. Not only did the average American remember no more than one fake story, but even smaller fractions of them actually believed it. To sway a voter under these circumstances, the academics estimate that the story would need to be as persuasive as 36 campaign ads.
socialmedia  us  politics  journalism  attention  television 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Automating power: Social bot interference in global politics | Woolley | First Monday
Until roughly six years ago, technologically adept marketers used social bots to send blatant spam in the form of automatically proliferated social media advertising content (Chu, et al., 2010). A growing collection of recent research reveals, however, that political actors worldwide are beginning to make use of these automated software programs in subtle attempts to manipulate relationships and opinion online (Boshmaf, et al., 2011; Ratkiewicz, et al., 2011a; 2011b; Metaxas and Mustafuraaj, 2012; Alexander, 2015; Abokhodair, et al., 2015). Politicians now emulate the popular twitter tactic of purchasing massive amounts of bots to significantly boost follower numbers (Chu, et al., 2012). Militaries, state contracted firms, and elected officials use political bots to spread propaganda and flood newsfeeds with political spam (Cook, et al., 2014; Forelle, et al., 2015).
socialmedia  attention  spam  astroturfing  advertising 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Dear Scholars, Delete Your Account At Academia.Edu
Open Access, Non-Profit Alternatives

What, then, are the alternatives for people who want to freely distribute their work? It turns out there are a number of choices for people both connected to a university and outside of them.

Institutional Repositories: Many universities and colleges in fact have their own institutional repositories for research. At the University of Iowa, we have Iowa Research Online, which grants space to undergraduates, graduate students, faculty and many other researchers to house their work. There is in fact a consortium of repositories from the Big Ten schools called the Big Ten Academic Alliance that then begin to connect networks of scholars in a searchable database–although it is admittedly a much smaller network than exists at Academia.edu.

Zenodo: Another repository for research data is called Zenodo. It is funded by the OpenAIRE Consortium (an open access network) and CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. The site is a non-profit and integrates easily with your GitHub account. It allows users 50 GB of storage for each dataset, though you can contact them and lobby for more.

(Please note that after the original publication of this article, digital humanist Ethan Gruber launched his migration tool to allow people to migrate documents from Academia.edu to Zenodo: tool [here] and blog post on the technique [here].)
repositories  internet  business  attention 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Sound of Silence - Jessica Livingston
Another downside of friction in sharing ideas publicly is that we lose the conversation they would have generated. Before Twitter et al, and before the media were so reliant on page views, Paul wrote an essay called “What You Can’t Say.” In it he said:

The trouble with keeping your thoughts secret, though, is that
you lose the advantages of discussion. Talking about an idea leads
to more ideas. So the optimal plan, if you can manage it, is to
have a few trusted friends you can speak openly to.

Thirteen years later, that's my default plan. There’s just too much downside for me to get distracted with others’ opinions of my opinions. [1] It's not that I'm afraid of expressing my opinions. I just think, "Why bother?"

It's great that technology has given more people a voice on the internet. But that doesn't necessarily mean less friction in sharing ideas, because some of those voices are shouting down the others.
attention  agnotology  socialmedia 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Death Of Expertise
No one — not me, anyway — wants to return to those days. I like the 21st century, and I like the democratization of knowledge and the wider circle of public participation. That greater participation, however, is endangered by the utterly illogical insistence that every opinion should have equal weight, because people like me, sooner or later, are forced to tune out people who insist that we’re all starting from intellectual scratch. (Spoiler: We’re not.) And if that happens, experts will go back to only talking to each other. And that’s bad for democracy.
agnotology  attention  politics  socialmedia  philosophy 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Revealed: Thatcher aide wanted to use Prince William to hobble CND | Politics | The Guardian
The press secretary said they needed to consider “whether there was anything useful we can do to neutralise the television appeal of these demonstrations. They will secure less airtime and have less impact if something more newsworthy in television terms occurs – eg (to be brutal) a North Sea blow out; an assassination attempt on the Pope, etc; some awful tragedy.”
On 17 March 1983, Ingham told a Downing Street meeting: “I think that Good Friday is a lost cause. This is the day when the CND chain will (or will not) be formed between Aldermaston and Greenham Common. It is also a day when there is not much sport. However, what would take the trick would be press and TV pictures, for the release on the evening of Good Friday and/or Saturday newspapers of Prince William in Australia.”
attention  media  journalism  uk  politics  nukes 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Ambition Condition | Bitch Media
There’s no simple gender indicator for the weird fusion of insecurity and ambition, of feigned nonchalance and quiet competitiveness that’s common in writers of all sorts. But these traits are complicated by the cultural caricatures of ambitious women and the uneven historical patterns that have dictated whose talent is rewarded and whose isn’t...
Furthermore, to even say that you want to write lasting novels, garner hundreds of thousands of blog hits, or handmake a chapbook is to expose yourself to the “who are you to think you have anything to say?” sort of pummeling that Gould received. It can be tempting, then, for women in particular to write quietly and hope that the work will speak for itself. But by not owning up to her ambitions—whether they’re in the public or private realms—a writer feeds the machine that discounts the aspirations and talents of all women writers.
writing  attention  feminism 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Arguing the Truth with Trump and Putin - The New York Times
If there is one trait that Mr. Trump and President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia share over all others, it is their understanding of the power of separating facts from truth. By denying known and provable facts — as when Mr. Trump denies making statements he has made — or by rejecting facts that are not publicly known, as with the C.I.A.’s information on Russian hacking, Mr. Trump exercises his ever-growing power over the public sphere. The resulting frenzy of trying to prove either the obvious known facts or the classified and therefore unknowable facts — two fruitless pursuits — creates so much static that we forget what we are really talking about.

Let us imagine the conversation we would be having if we were not preoccupied with Mr. Trump’s denial of the C.I.A.’s conclusions. We would now be discussing the appropriate response to the hacking. We would be talking about consequences for the American electoral process in general and for the results of this election in particular. We would be asking why it matters if Russia’s hacking efforts were intended to benefit Mr. Trump. But in the heat of arguing about facts, journalists and pundits have acted as though the answers to these questions are obvious. They are not.

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agnotology  news  attention  us 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Twitter and Facebook Censorship and Mainstream Media Denial - Craig Murray
All my blog posts are posted to Facebook as well as twitter. Did you know when you share my post on Facebook, Facebook limits the number of your friends who can see it? In my case the limit is set to ensure that the percentage of incoming traffic to my site that comes through Facebook, is always precisely 5%. To do that, of course, they have to know precisely how much traffic is coming in to this site. Worrying, isn’t it? Before Facebook set the limitation -around the same time as twitter – the amount of incoming traffic from Facebook was around 30% of my traffic.
facebook  attention  censorship  twitter  dccomment 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Familiarity = Truth, a Reprise | Hapgood
Facebook, with its quick stream of headlines, is divorced from any information about their provenance which would allow you to ignore them. My guess is each one of those headlines, if not immediately discarded as a known falsehood, goes into our sloppy Bayesian generator of familiarity, part of an algorithm that is even less transparent to us than Facebook’s.

Confirmation bias often comes a few seconds later as we file the information, or as we weight its importance. Based on our priors we’re likely to see something as true, but maybe less relevant given what know.
facebook  internet  socialmedia  attention 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
I'm giving up on PGP
All in all, I should be the perfect user for PGP. Competent, enthusiast, embedded in a similar community.

But it just didn't work.

First, there's the adoption issue others talked about extensively. I get at most 2 encrypted emails a year.

Then, there's the UX problem. Easy crippling mistakes. Messy keyserver listings from years ago. "I can't read this email on my phone". "Or on the laptop, I left the keys I never use on the other machine".

But the real issues I realized are more subtle. I never felt confident in the security of my long term keys. The more time passed, the more I would feel uneasy about any specific key. Yubikeys would get exposed to hotel rooms. Offline keys would sit in a far away drawer or safe. Vulnerabilities would be announced. USB devices would get plugged in.

A long term key is as secure as the minimum common denominator of your security practices over its lifetime. It's the weak link.
security  tools  attention  coding 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Facebook and Google make lies as pretty as truth - The Verge
The difference between the two is the result of AMP, an HTML framework that Google created to make mobile pages that load faster. (It also likely caused the 70news piece to be aggregated into a "top news" carousel.) AMP has the side effect of making mobile websites look a little more homogenous, narrowing down the details that publishers can customize, at least without aggressive tweaks. In a small way, the system normalizes and standardizes designs like that of 70news that otherwise would look obviously askew, tacitly accelerating traffic to questionable sites and further confusing readers who haven’t learned to discriminate.

""It’s hard to make a site look like yours in an AMP format.""

Websites that operate on these homogenizing platforms, whether they offer real news or fake, exist under the same digital gloss no matter their production budget, which presents a problem for upscale publishers wanting to stand out. "It’s hard to make a site look like yours in an AMP format," About.com CEO Neil Vogel, told Digiday in October. "You can change the header, you can change the fonts, but it’s not yours."

Over centuries, print media developed a visual language of credibility that became second nature to most readers: crisp type and clean, uninterrupted columns communicate integrity, while exaggerated images, messy layouts, and goofy text inspire doubt. On a physical newsstand, it’s still easy to tell the National Enquirer from, say, The Atlantic. Online, it’s becoming increasingly difficult to differentiate between the two.
design  google  attention  internet  blogs  news 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Where did all of these Articles Associated With Me Come From on Mendeley « ChemConnector Blog
Recently I posted that Google must have changed their algorithm and as a result introduced a lot of new articles to my profile automagically that were nothing to do with me. It took work to prune them off and hopefully they do not reappear. Tonight I went through the process of updating the past few months of publications to get my Mendeley profile up to date and, lo and behold, there were a whole series of new publications that were NOT there the last time that I checked Mendeley. Interestingly they were all articles about superconducting materials as many of those that had appeared on my Google profile were. Is it possible that Elsevier is somehow sourcing the information from Scholar? Or is Elsevier sourcing these articles from within its own library? Of course the articles all have an author “A. Williams” associated with them. I have already started the process of pruning them out. Not happy…
sciencepublishing  socialmedia  attention 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
She phubbs me, she phubbs me not: Smartphones could be ruining your love life
there’s a new relationship buster: the smartphone.

My colleague Meredith David and I recently conducted a study that explored just how detrimental smartphones can be to relationships.

We zeroed in on measuring something called “phubbing” (a fusion of “phone” and “snubbing”). It’s how often your romantic partner is distracted by his or her smartphone in your presence. With more and more people using the attention-siphoning devices – the typical American checks his or her smartphone once every six-and-a-half minutes, or roughly 150 times each day – phubbing has emerged as a real source of conflict. For example, in one study, 70 percent of participants said that phubbing hurt their ability to interact with their romantic partners.
attention  relationships 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
How To Bulk Unfollow On Twitter in Minutes | HostNexus Blog
today I went on a mission to purge my Twitter account.

As most people in Twitterdom know, there are thousands of apps that help you manage your Twitter account, so I thought that mass unfollowing on Twitter was going to be pretty simple. I tried several tools but all either had no Bulk Unfollow option or no Select All option. I started hitting Unfollow on people on Twitter Karma but that got real old after about 100 clicks. I then start hitting checkboxes on Tweepi and Untweeps but another 150 clicks later my right index finger started to cramp up in a death grip from hell. But both Tweepi and Untweeps do not list all your followers so it was kind of pointless anyhow. I then found ManageFlitter which listed all your followers in pages of 100 with checkboxes, but of course no Select All option.

I did some digging and found out that Twitter had put their foot down on Mass Unfollowing in April of this year (2010). All applications either had to remove Bulk Unfollow options or the Select All option to continue to operate within Twitter’s update TOS. Pretty ridiculous. I can understand enforcing a Bulk Unfollow option but telling developers to remove a “Select All” option? Very weird. But it got me thinking. The Select All thing is just a JavaScript call and happens in your browser so surely there should be a nifty little FireFox plugin that allows me to Select All?
twitter  attention  business  tools 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
101 Tactics to Drive Blog Traffic Which You Can Use Right Now
Traffic is very important to the success of every webmaster and blogger. It doesn’t matter how great your content is, it still needs to be read and it is traffic that makes this possible. This post will be listing 101 ways by which you can Drive Blog Traffic.
blogs  blogola  advertising  attention 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
VersoBooks.com
WikiLeaks specializes in publishing, curating, and ensuring easy access to full online archives of information that has been censored or suppressed, or is likely to be lost. An understanding of our historical record enables self-determination; publishing and ensuring easy access to full archives, rather than just individual documents, is central to preserving this historical record. Since publishing Cablegate, WikiLeaks has continued to work to make PlusD the most complete online archive of US Department of State documents, adding to the library each year with newly available cables and other documents from the State Department communications system. It can be accessed through a set of specially developed search interfaces at https://wikileaks.org/plusd.
reading  research  writing  wikileaks  agnotology  attention  journalism  history  archiving 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Never mind the algorithms: the role of click farms and exploited digital labor in Trump’s election | Antonio A. Casilli
Maybe you have read the bitter-sweet news about a Singapore teenager who helped create a Prezi presentation for Trump. She was recruited on Fiverr, a platform where, for a few bucks, you can buy copywriters, graphic designers or coders. Those micro-workers live in more than 200 countries, but less well-paid tasks are mainly allocated to South-East Asian workers. This young Singaporean’s inspiring story must not distract from the real topic here: Trump customarily outsourced the production of campaign materials to underpaid digital pieceworkers recruited on digital labor platforms. The secret weapon of this racist, misogynistic candidate, well-known for shortchanging his employees was the exploitation of underage Asian crowdworkers. Who would have thought?
facebook  socialmedia  attention  us  politics 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Facebook, Google, Twitter et al need to be champions for media literacy – Medium
systems.

While I strongly believe Facebook should hire some human editors to downgrade deceit — the algorithm-only approach has visibly failed — I’m leery of pushing them a lot further down a path we may all regret. But there are specific, positive steps they can take that don’t put them in the dangerous — for us as well as them — position of being the editors of the Internet, which too many people seem to be demanding right now.

What are those positive steps? In a nutshell, help their users upgrade themselves.

They can help their users develop skills that are absolutely essential: namely how to be critical thinkers in an age of nearly infinite information sources — how to evaluate and act on information when so much of what we see is wrong, deceitful, or even dangerous. Critical thinking means, in this context, media literacy.

What is media literacy? From my perspective, it’s the idea that people should not be passive consumers of media, but active users who understand and rely on key principles and tactics.

Among them: When we are reading (in the broadest sense of the work, to include listening, watching, etc.) we have to be relentlessly skeptical of everything. But not equally skeptical of everything; we have to use judgment. We have to ask our own questions, and range widely in our reading — especially to places where are biases will be challenged
facebook  news  attention  digitalhumanities  informationmastery 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Virtual Bus Stop Supermarket in The Netherlands | Gijs van Wulfen | Pulse | LinkedIn
Now, the bus stop supermarket in the Netherlands is an experiment. Experimenting is a great way to validate the adoption and attractiveness of your new product, service, process or experience through systematic research or testing. You test your new concept to learn if it really delivers value to your customer and if the business model you came up with is valid. By doing so, you validate the future business potential of your new concept.

The goal of experimentation at the start of innovation is to learn and improve. I couldn’t agree more with Davila & Epstein who state in their book The Innovation Paradox that: “Because breakthrough innovation is all about managing ignorance (rather than managing knowledge, as in incremental innovation), the way to learn is through confronting assumptions concerning a market with the reality of that market. The right technology and the right business model are discovered and shaped through smart experiments. A successful breakthrough innovation is not simply an ingenious idea, but an entire process of discovery and crafting.”
agnotology  business  attention 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Meme warfare: how the power of mass replication has poisoned the US election | US news | The Guardian
They have grown into a form of anarchic folk propaganda, ranging from tolerable epigrams to glittering hate-soaked image macros akin to a million little rogue Pravdas.

Like me, you probably have more than a few Facebook friends who make it their life’s work to circulate political memes in hopes of influencing how you see the world. They are our deadbeat uncles, former co-workers and long-forgotten high school acquaintances. They are agents of nowhere, apparatchiks of nothing in particular. And through the raw power of mass replication, even their most insipid ideas are able to surface from below. By typing some text on an image and sharing it with friends, they too have a voice capable of reaching a critical mass.

The reason why it is now possible for Darryl from Accounting who hates “social justice warriors” to have the same communicative power as a television network is down to the DNA of the medium: speed and lack of gatekeepers. Memes thrive on a lack of information – the faster you can grasp the point, the higher the chance it will spread.
facebook  internet  attention 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Twitter’s New @Replies re-design isn’t just stupid; it’s really stupid. – Medium
Sometimes I use Twitter to engage in conversations that, if viewable to my entire timeline, could open me up to abuse from non-followers. Those non-followers aren’t always passive trolls who respond to things that their followers tweet into their timeline. Increasingly, these are active trolls. They search terms to find victims. They target users. And, they leverage network ties to force context collapse.

Context collapse “ refers to the infinite audience possible online as opposed to the limited groups a person normally interacts with face to face.” It’s an academic term, coined by danah boyd. Jenny L Davis and Nathan Jurgenson introduce the idea of power to context collapse, calling it context collision. Context collision is when a party uses their greater power — more users, more time to stoke flames of trolling, their role in media — to force audiences to collapse.

To combat context collision, I rarely respond to every twitter account that tries to engage with me. Strange twitter accounts lacking institutional symbols of legitimacy — a user picture, a bio that sounds like it was written by a human, a bio that does not have racist key words in it, etc.
twitter  attention 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
seriot.ch - Parsing JSON is a Minefield 💣
In conclusion, JSON is not a data format you can rely on blindly. I've demonstrated this by showing that the standard definition is spread out over at least six different documents (section 1), that the latest and most complete document, RFC-7159, is imprecise and contradictory (section 2), and by crafting test files that out of over 30 parsers, no two parsers parsed the same set of documents the same way (section 4).

In the process of inspecting parser results, I also discovered that json_checker.c from json.org did reject valid JSON [0e1] (section 4.24), which certainly doesn't help users to know what's right or wrong. In a general way, many parsers authors like to brag about how right is their parsers (including myself), but there's no way to assess their quality since references are debatable and existing test suites are generally poor.
coding  internet  attention 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
Is Donald Trump a Democratic secret agent? - BBC News
Noah Rothman of Commentary magazine spies a pattern in Mr Trump's diatribes, whose timing, he argues, "tends to often coincide with scandalous revelations that reflect poorly on Democratic politicians".

Mr Trump, for instance, made his comments about closing US borders to all Muslims just a day after President Barack Obama's poorly received White House address on the so-called Islamic State.

Stories about Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton's email server and actions following the Benghazi consulate attack in 2012 have likewise been swamped by Trump-mania.

"None of this establishes either correlation or causation, but it is remarkably coincidental how often Donald Trump has rescued Democrats from the jaws of a terrible news cycle and the withering scrutiny of the press," he concludes.
us  politics  attention 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
What is a Good Engagement Rate? | Fan Growth and Relationship Management | FanBridge Blog
Often, people wonder if they are using platforms like Facebook and Twitter correctly because they have what they would consider to be low engagement rates. As it turns out, most people average around 0.5-1.0% engagement rates on platforms like Facebook and Twitter, as well as many others. Because of Facebook’s News Feed algorithm and other live stream-style feeds, reaching your audience, let alone getting them to interact with you can be a challenge. Just know that a 1% engagement rate is no failure.



Instagram, however, is known for having higher engagement rates than other platforms. While you may only engage with 1-2% on Twitter, Instagram has closer to a 3-6% engagement rate. It would seem that the nature of Instagram’s eye-appealing visual content, users are more likely to show support with a quick double-tap. Pair a well-designed image with a few smartly chosen hashtags, and you’ll see a great response from your followers.



Email is still the digital channel that boasts the highest engagement rate. While social channels often miss most of your followers, email subscribers are far more likely to see your message in their inbox, and therefore more likely to interact. The average open rate for an email campaign is about 20%.
twitter  facebook  email  attention  socialnetworking  socialmedia 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
What's a Good Twitter Engagement Rate for Your Tweets?
According to Social Bakers (met you guys at SMMW15!) the average Twitter engagement for the top 25 brands came in at about .0007 or .07% for a Tweet. Dasheroo’s engagement rate on a per post basis falls right in there. Our belief is that even if someone doesn’t engage directly with us, hopefully we made an impression.

So if your post got 5 Favorites, 2 RT’s and 8 Replies and you have 1000 followers:

5+2+8 ÷ 1000 = .015 or 1.5%. Pretty good as far as Twitter engagement goes according to the average of the big brands!
twitter  socialnetworking  attention 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
Addicted to Your iPhone? You’re Not Alone - The Atlantic
Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter hook us by delivering what psychologists call “variable rewards.” Messages, photos, and “likes” appear on no set schedule, so we check for them compulsively, never sure when we’ll receive that dopamine-activating prize. (Delivering rewards at random has been proved to quickly and strongly reinforce behavior.) Checking that Facebook friend request will take only a few seconds, we reason, though research shows that when interrupted, people take an average of 25 minutes to return to their original task.
facebook  twitter  attention 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
Impact of Social Sciences – Who gives a tweet? After 24 hours and 860 downloads, we think quite a few actually do
We hoped that the paper would be popular, but were surprised to observe just how well it took off on Twitter...

Since the release of the paper, it has been downloaded 3936 times and shared 518 times using social sharing tools, making this paper one of the NCRM’s most popular papers ever.

The on-going debate about changing forms of academic dissemination focuses a lot on the pros and cons of engaging audiences in social media, making research open access and whether hard-copy publication is a thing of the past. The question of resources, time and budgets may force many academics to evaluate their dissemination methods and ask themselves whether it is worth spending £1000 out of the research budget on having a print poster or a brochure designed, printed and posted, or whether they should simply spend a single hour each week engaging (but not spamming) on social media platforms and reaching far wider audiences than any print material ever could. In addition to being mindful about good use of resources, personal online reputation and being in control of it should be of interest to every academic.
twitter  scholarly  sciencepublishing  attention 
september 2016 by juliusbeezer
Bullshit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Publicly formulated the first time on January 2013[13] by Alberto Brandolini, an Italian programmer, the Bullshit Asymmetry Principle (also known as Brandolini's law[14]) states that:

The amount of energy needed to refute bullshit is an order of magnitude bigger than to produce it.
attention  socialnetworking 
september 2016 by juliusbeezer
Rules for trusting "black boxes" in algorithmic control systems / Boing Boing
Tim O'Reilly writes about the reality that more and more of our lives -- including whether you end up seeing this very sentence! -- is in the hands of "black boxes": algorithmic decision-makers whose inner workings are a secret from the people they affect.

O'Reilly proposes four tests to determine whether a black box is trustable:

1. Its creators have made clear what outcome they are seeking, and it is possible for external observers to verify that outcome.

2. Success is measurable.

3. The goals of the algorithm's creators are aligned with the goals of the algorithm's consumers.

4. Does the algorithm lead its creators and its users to make better longer term decisions?
socialnetworking  safety  programming  attention  philosophy 
september 2016 by juliusbeezer
After three years of Linux, Munich reveals draft of crunch report that could decide its open source future - TechRepublic
A German city that undertook one of the world's largest shifts from Windows to Linux is struggling with buggy and outdated software.

Munich city council spent years migrating more than 15,000 staff to LiMux, a custom-version of Ubuntu, and other open-source software - a move the city said had saved it more than €10m ($11m). Microsoft's attempts to avoid such a high-profile shift by Germany's third-largest city saw the then CEO Steve Ballmer fly to Munich in 2003 to meet with the mayor at the time.

However, questions were raised over the future of LiMux at the city in 2014, when, soon after his election, the new mayor of Munich Dieter Reiter announced he would commission a report to evaluate how IT should be run at council in future — including whether the authority should continue to run LiMux.
linux  politics  germany  attention  work  software  freesoftware 
august 2016 by juliusbeezer
We should reward peer reviewers. But how?
Prioritizing speed in the review process is fine if the goal is throughput, but is it good for promoting quality science?

The answer is hardly. Rapid reviews can be shoddy, as Elsevier knows well from a case in one of its own journals last year. And given how many problems readers are identifying on sites like PubPeer once papers are published, does pushing for speed really make sense?

That leaves a final kind of incentive that some have experimented with: Money. “We need to abandon the belief that there is only one peer review market that operates entirely on volunteer labor,”
peerreview  economics  attention 
august 2016 by juliusbeezer
How DARPA Took On the Twitter Bot Menace with One Hand Behind Its Back
All this was played to the competitors in a synthetic Twitter environment over four weeks in February and March.

The teams then had to analyze this Twitter stream and guess which users were bots. Each correct guess got them a single point but a team lost 0.25 points for each incorrect guess. A team that guessed all the bots d days before the end of the challenge also got d points, since DARPA is particularly interested in the early detection of influence bots.

The winning team was from the social media analytics company Sentimetrix, which guessed all the bots 12 days ahead of the deadline while making only one incorrect guess...
Sentimetrix used a pretrained algorithm to search for bot-like behavior. The team had trained this algorithm on Twitter data from the 2014 Indian election which featured many bots. It looked for unusual grammar, the similarity of the linguistics to natural language chatbots such as Eliza, and unusual behaviors such as extended periods of tweeting without a break that a human could not easily perform.
twitter  socialnetworking  internet  attention 
july 2016 by juliusbeezer
StephenWattam.com - 'Blog
they want to use Twitter to measure some kind of human impact or reach: Twitter routinely detects and bans certain types of bot (such as those responsible for spam or manipulation of metrics), and there are 3rd-party services to do this too.

Mo is not one of those people. He heard this tale and imagined the fame and fortune that comes from having a small army of devoted followers hanging on his every word.

So, we went on fiverr.com and bought him three thousand new friends, for the princely sum of £3.84.
twitter  attention  finance 
july 2016 by juliusbeezer
The Creative World’s Bullshit Industrial Complex - 99U
This Bullshit Industrial Complex has always existed. But thanks to the precarious economics and job prospects of the creative person, it is often in a creative’s financial interest to climb the bullshit pyramid. In the short term, it’s creating a class of (often young) creatives deluded into thinking they are doing something meaningful by sharing “advice.” Long term, it’s robbing us of a creative talent.
attention  philosophy  knowledge 
july 2016 by juliusbeezer
What You Think You Know About the Web Is Wrong | TIME
Chartbeat looked at deep user behavior across 2 billion visits across the web over the course of a month and found that most people who click don’t read. In fact, a stunning 55% spent fewer than 15 seconds actively on a page. The stats get a little better if you filter purely for article pages, but even then one in every three visitors spend less than 15 seconds reading articles they land on.
attention  internet  web 
june 2016 by juliusbeezer
Chinese officials 'create 488m bogus social media posts a year' | World news | The Guardian
The Chinese government is fabricating almost 490m social media posts a year in order to distract the public from criticising or questioning its rule, according to a study.

China’s “Fifty Cent Party” – a legion of freelance online trolls so-named because they are believed to be paid 50 cents a post – has long been blamed for flooding the Chinese internet with pro-regime messages designed to defend and promote the ruling Communist party.
attention  politics  china  internet 
june 2016 by juliusbeezer
The Mistrust of Science - The New Yorker
Rebutting bad science may not be effective, but asserting the true facts of good science is. And including the narrative that explains them is even better. You don’t focus on what’s wrong with the vaccine myths, for instance. Instead, you point out: giving children vaccines has proved far safer than not. How do we know? ...

The other important thing is to expose the bad science tactics that are being used to mislead people. Bad science has a pattern, and helping people recognize the pattern arms them to come to more scientific beliefs themselves. Having a scientific understanding of the world is fundamentally about how you judge which information to trust. It doesn’t mean poring through the evidence on every question yourself. You can’t. Knowledge has become too vast and complex for any one person, scientist or otherwise, to convincingly master more than corners of it...

Few working scientists can give a ground-up explanation of the phenomenon they study; they rely on information and techniques borrowed from other scientists. Knowledge and the virtues of the scientific orientation live far more in the community than the individual. When we talk of a “scientific community,” we are pointing to something critical: that advanced science is a social enterprise, characterized by an intricate division of cognitive labor...

The mistake is to believe that educational credentials... give you any special authority on truth. What you have gained is far more important: an understanding of what real truth-seeking looks like
science  agnotology  attention 
june 2016 by juliusbeezer
Rawls on Justice
We are to imagine ourselves in what Rawls calls the Original Position. We are all self-interested rational persons and we stand behind "the Veil of Ignorance." To say that we are self-interested rational persons is to say that we are motivated to select, in an informed and enlightened way, whatever seems advantageous for ourselves.

To say that we are behind a Veil of Ignorance is to say we do not know the following sorts of things: our sex, race, physical handicaps, generation, social class of our parents, etc. But self-interested rational persons are not ignorant of (1) the general types of possible situations in which humans can find themselves; (2) general facts about human psychology and "human nature".

Self-interested rational persons behind the Veil of Ignorance are given the task of choosing the principles that shall govern actual world. Rawls believes that he has set up an inherently fair procedure here. Because of the fairness of the procedure Rawls has described, he says, the principles that would be chosen by means of this procedure would be fair principles.

A self-interested rational person behind the Veil of Ignorance would not want to belong to a race or gender or sexual orientation that turns out to be discriminated-against. Such a person would not wish to be a handicapped person in a society where handicapped are treated without respect. So principles would be adopted that oppose discrimination.

Likewise, a self-interested rational person would not want to belong to a generation which has been allocated a lower than average quantity of resources. So (s)he would endorse the principle: "Each generation should have roughly equal resources" or "Each generation should leave to the next at least as many resources as they possessed at the start."

The corollary of this, in rights terms, is that all generations have the same rights to resources, future as well as present.
justice  philosophy  attention  agnotology 
april 2016 by juliusbeezer
Journalist Enquiry Service - ResponseSource
The Journalist Enquiry Service helps journalists gather information for independent editorial from PRs in all sectors, free of charge.

It puts you in touch with experts, case studies and PR contacts, saves you hours of research, and helps you meet your deadlines.

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Writing on a new topic? Send a request to find new sources and contacts
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SEND MEDIA ENQUIRY
One simple request, thousands of new sources

You fill in the form on responsesource.com/send and we send your enquiry via email to potential sources in the sectors you choose. It’s also posted on our website, which is password protected, for subscribers to view, and a short alert will be tweeted if you choose this option. If our subscribers can help with your request, they will reply directly to you – you choose how, and give them a deadline.
journalism  internet  presse  attention 
april 2016 by juliusbeezer
Twitter
Linked article well worth a read; & pleased to learn German word for economy: Aufmerksamkeitsökonomie
attention 
april 2016 by juliusbeezer
Re: <nettime> Ten Theses on the Panama Papers
What did you learn from the Panama Papers? That African, Russian, Ukrainian and Asian 'elites' are corrupt? Well, this should have been known a for long time, with or without Panama Papers. Sure, it's never bad when stories about the international financial system's obfuscation machinery get out, provoking a political debate for at least a couple of days. That these debate have no political consequences, is part of the choreography. Next week, there's some other "news of the day", only a month later, nobody will know remember the exact spelling of Mossack Fonseca. These are firm rituals of our attention economy that we can't change. It would be unfair, of course, to take the Panama Papers for questioning these meaningless rituals.
wikileaks  journalism  german  law  humanrights  attention 
april 2016 by juliusbeezer
Should we worry about filter bubbles? | Internet Policy Review
We conclude that – in spite of the serious concerns voiced – at present, there is no empirical evidence that warrants any strong worries about filter bubbles. Nevertheless, the debate about filter bubbles is important. Personalisation on news sites is still at an infant stage, and personalised content does not constitute a substantial information source for most citizens, as our review of literature on media use has shown. However, if personalisation technology improves, and personalised news content becomes people’s main information source, problems for our democracy could indeed arise, as our review of empirical studies of media effects has shown.
attention  politics  socialmedia  bubble 
april 2016 by juliusbeezer
Trip Rapid Review System – Rapid-Reviews.info
The system is designed to replicate the results of a systematic review but using a number of shortcuts. It doesn’t rely on a full search, it doesn’t critically appraise the articles. But, that aside, if you’re interested in the bottom line result of whether an intervention has some ‘worth’ it gives surprisingly good results.

The principle stems from sentiment analysis, a technique that “…aims to determine the attitude of a speaker or a writer with respect to some topic or the overall contextual polarity of a document.” In short, it says whether a section of text is saying positive or negative things. So, from an abstract we can say if the article is saying positive or negative things about the intervention (currently, the system only works on placebo-controlled trials).
reviews  sciencepublishing  tools  attention  medicine 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
BMJ Blogs: The BMJ » Blog Archive » Jon Brassey: The rise of rapid reviews
The reality is that systematic reviews are costly interventions that typically take over a year to produce and which are, frankly, boring.

Rapid reviews fill an evolutionary gap long vacated by traditional systematic reviews—meeting the dual requirements of speed and low cost. If a review is needed in a month and on a modest budget, a systematic review isn’t worth considering. The scenario of the need for a rapid and low cost evidence synthesis is hardly atypical and it’s a result of this that rapid reviews are on the rise.

However, rapid reviews are an ungainly collection of different techniques, ranging from Trip’s five minute system to those taking six months or longer. There is no coherent language to describe them, leaving users to ask for “rapid reviews” with little appreciation of the diverse methods that are available.
ebm  medicine  publishing  attention 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
Their Violence, Our Values: A History of European Responses to Political Dissent | Ceasefire Magazine
“The deeper I delved, the more it appeared that this panic was, to some extent, kept alive by the governments of the day. I also became aware of the degree to which the presumed need to safeguard the political and social order facilitated the introduction of new methods of control and repression. I was reminded of more recent instances where; the generation of fear in the population – of capitalists, Bolsheviks, Jews, fascists, Islamists – has proved useful to those in power, and has led to restrictions on the freedom of the individual by measures meant to protect him from the supposed threat. A desire to satisfy my curiosity about what I thought was a historic cultural phenomenon gradually took on a more serious purpose, as I realised that the subject held enormous relevance to the present.”

Zamoyski’s book details the extent to which European countries of the 18th century, including Britain, adopted repressive counter-terrorism/extremism measures out of a fear that the ideals of the enlightenment would radicalise a generation of young and impressionable minds. Zamoyski traces how, rather than focusing on the causes of disenfranchisement within their populations, the monarchies of the day blamed ideology as the root cause of ‘seditious’ thinking, much in the way that Cameron does today (“We know that terrorism is really a symptom; ideology is the root cause.”)
politics  spectacle  humanrights  law  attention  AttentatsParis 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
Editing Guide - Brevy
Brevy is a wiki for summaries of peer-reviewed research. Here we seek to make research more open, accessible, and understandable for the general public while providing tools to communicate and engage with academic works. Brevy does this by providing a platform to easily create, browse, organize, and discuss these summaries...

Having trouble getting your quick summary down to 140 characters? Here are some helpful tips and examples:

Dealing with excessively long words - Try replacing these with ones more broadly characterizing the item. A couple of examples:
For the discovery of "Pikachurin," an "EGF-like, fibronectin type-III and laminin G-like domain-containing protein," you might write the protein's suggested role (a "dystroglycan-interacting protein") instead of its long title.
For a long chemical name such as "2,2-Bis-(4-(2-methacryloxyethoxy)phenyl)propane," you might instead consider it's category (a "(Meth)acrylate"), it's CAS number (or similar identifying number), or its intended purpose
Give the bottom line only - Focus on the results and conclusions rather than how the research was done unless novel techniques are a key point in the work
It doesn't have to be a full sentence - If you're grammar is a bit off, we won't complain, but keep it readable!
More to come!

We welcome suggestions for tips here. Please post them on this page's talk page, and we will consider migrating them here.
writing  sciencepublishing  editing  attention  arxiv  overlay 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
Notre-Dame-des-Landes et le droit à l'information, une histoire bien opaque | France Nature Environnement
Par quatre fois, les associations membres du mouvement FNE ont dû saisir cette instance sur le dossier Notre-Dame-des-Landes. Deux fois, les renseignements ont été transmis seulement quelques jours avant examen de nos demandes par la CADA. Les deux autres, la préfecture de Loire-Atlantique a attendu que la CADA confirme que les associations environnementales étaient dans leur bon droit...
Car du côté du Collectif d'élus Doutant de la pertinence de l'aéroport de Notre-Dame-des-Landes, le CéDpa, l'avis favorable de la CADA en automne 2015 n'a pas suffi. L'instance donne des avis, elle ne peut obliger. Le collectif est donc contraint de porter l'affaire devant le tribunal administratif de Paris dans l'espoir d'obliger l’État à rendre publique cette étude. Pourquoi une telle dissimulation ? Peut-être parce que le document est truffé d'erreurs ?
3 documents dont la dissimulation est avérée mais combien restent dans les placards ?
aéroport  attention  france  politics  law 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
The unbearable asymmetry of bullshit | Practical Ethics
When I say bullshit, I mean arguments, data, publications, or even the official policies of scientific organizations that give every impression of being perfectly reasonable — of being well-supported by the highest quality of evidence, and so forth — but which don’t hold up when you scrutinize the details. Bullshit has the veneer of truth-like plausibility. It looks good. It sounds right. But when you get right down to it, it stinks.

There are many ways to produce scientific bullshit. One way is to assert that something has been “proven,” “shown,” or “found” and then cite, in support of this assertion, a study that has actually been heavily critiqued (fairly and in good faith, let us say, although that is not always the case, as we soon shall see) without acknowledging any of the published criticisms of the study or otherwise grappling with its inherent limitations.

Another way is to refer to evidence as being of “high quality” simply because it comes from an in-principle relatively strong study design, like a randomized control trial, without checking the specific materials that were used in the study to confirm that they were fit for purpose...
As the programmer Alberto Brandolini is reputed to have said: “The amount of energy necessary to refute bullshit is an order of magnitude bigger than to produce it.” This is the unbearable asymmetry of bullshit I mentioned in my title, and it poses a serious problem for research integrity. Developing a strategy for overcoming it, I suggest, should be a top priority for publication ethics.
philosophy  ethics  attention  science  agnotology  dccomment 
february 2016 by juliusbeezer
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