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Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the street
Most individuals prefer bicycling separated from motor traffic. However, cycle tracks (physically separated bicycle-exclusive paths along roads, as found in The Netherlands) are discouraged in the USA by engineering guidance that suggests that facilities such as cycle tracks are more dangerous than the street. The objective of this study conducted in Montreal (with a longstanding network of cycle tracks) was to compare bicyclist injury rates on cycle tracks versus in the street. For six cycle tracks and comparable reference streets, vehicle/bicycle crashes and health record injury counts were obtained and use counts conducted. The relative risk (RR) of injury on cycle tracks, compared with reference streets, was determined. Overall, 2.5 times as many cyclists rode on cycle tracks compared with reference streets and there were 8.5 injuries and 10.5 crashes per million bicycle-kilometres. The RR of injury on cycle tracks was 0.72 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.85) compared with bicycling in reference streets. These data suggest that the injury risk of bicycling on cycle tracks is less than bicycling in streets. The construction of cycle tracks should not be discouraged.
pqpc  SeparatistCritique  canada  sciencepublishing 
8 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Priorité absolue aux piétons, suggère un groupe de travail sur la sécurité routière | Le Devoir
Il s’agirait d’une véritable révolution sur les routes du Québec : un groupe de travail recommande la mise en place d’un « code de la rue » voué à atténuer la « culture du char » et qui donnerait la priorité aux usagers les plus vulnérables, comme les piétons et les cyclistes.

Selon ce que Le Devoir a appris, ce projet, inspiré de pays européens, introduirait le principe de prudence dans le Code de la sécurité routière (CSR). Les automobilistes devraient céder le passage aux gens qui se déplacent à pied non seulement aux passages prévus à cet effet, mais aussi à tout endroit situé à plus de 50 mètres d’un passage pour piétons. Bref, le jaywalking serait légalisé.

Cette nouvelle version du CSR accorderait la priorité absolue à la vie humaine plutôt qu’au temps de déplacement en voiture, comme c’est le cas à l’heure actuelle. Les auteurs de l’étude estiment réaliste d’implanter un tel code de la rue au Québec, malgré la règle du « no fault » et des décennies de domination de la voiture sur les routes nord-américaines.
walking  driving  road_safety  canada  français 
february 2019 by juliusbeezer
Mom Lets Her Kids Walk to the Bakery Down the Block. Child Protective Services Tells Her, "Never Again Till They Are 12." - Let Grow
On this day, it was lunchtime and my kids wanted cheese sticks from the bakery. The 7-year-old was excited to go and the 3-year-old decided to tag along and I was like, "Okay." My kids tend to be cautious, so I'm happy when they show a desire for something like that. If I stand on the sidewalk I can see them almost until they enter the bakery, and then I can see them on the way back. They left my sight for about three minutes. How awful, right?

They ran back happily and excited. But then I saw someone following close behind them. It wasn't my neighbor or someone I knew -- it was someone on her lunch break. And when she got close she kind of looked at me and said, "Is everything okay?" And I said, "Yes, I'm watching where they're going. They're practicing their independence."
politics  children  canada 
december 2018 by juliusbeezer
Ex-B.C. transport minister Todd Stone pans ‘gaps’ in road speeds study | Vancouver Sun
Brubacher said his team analyzed more than 16 years of data on fatal crashes, auto-insurance claims and ambulance dispatches for road trauma.

“We studied crashes that occurred on (or within half a kilometre) of roads affected by the speed-limit changes. We also looked at crashes that occurred on roads nearby those where the speed limits where changed and across the entire province,” he said.

Crash rates across the whole province didn’t change, but on roads where the speed limits were increased, there was a 43 per cent increase in auto-insurance claims, a 30 per cent increase in claims that resulted in an injury and an estimated 118 per cent increase in fatal crashes (the equivalent of 15 more fatal crashes per year), Brubacher said.

“We feel it is very unlikely that these changes are explained by bad weather or distraction, as Mr. Stone suggests, because they are localized to a narrow corridor along the highways with raised speed limits.”

Stone said that the relatively small number of fatal crashes means there are wide margins for error and it’s possible there was actually a decrease. But Brubacher said that’s highly unlikely.

“According to our model, the increase in fatal crashes on affected segments could have been as low as 10 per cent or as high as 225 per cent, but the best estimate was an increase of 118 per cent.”
driving  road_safety  canada 
october 2018 by juliusbeezer
I served 20 years for cannabis. Now the police are cashing in on it | Rosie Rowbotham | World news | The Guardian
I’ve never considered myself to be a marijuana activist. I wasn’t a campaigner for legalization: I was making big money, and legalization would have been bad for my business.
drugs  law  canada  cannabis 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
Fun shows how population in is spread. Source:
map  Canada  trivia  geography 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Les bandes cyclables ne suffisent pas, concluent des chercheurs | Nicolas Bérubé | Actualités
L'absence de séparation physique entre les cyclistes et le trafic automobile a fait les manchettes à Toronto il y a deux mois, quand le jeune Xavier Morgan, 5 ans, qui roulait à vélo avec son grand-père sur la piste cyclable du boulevard Lake Shore, a perdu le contrôle de son vélo et a dévié dans le trafic, où il a été happé mortellement par une voiture. Après le drame, la Ville de Toronto a érigé des barrières le long de cette piste cyclable, qualifiée depuis longtemps de non sécuritaire par ses usagers. La Ville a annoncé son intention de revoir la sécurité de ses aménagements cyclables.
crash_report  canada  pqpc  cycling 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Stop swooning over Justin Trudeau. The man is a disaster for the planet | Bill McKibben | Opinion | The Guardian
Last month, speaking at a Houston petroleum industry gathering, Trudeau got a standing ovation from the oilmen for saying: “No country would find 173bn barrels of oil in the ground and just leave them there.”

Yes, 173bn barrels is indeed the estimate for recoverable oil in the tar sands. So let’s do some math. If Canada digs up that oil and sells it to people to burn, it will produce, according to the math whizzes at Oil Change International, 30% of the carbon necessary to take us past the 1.5C target that Canada helped set in Paris.

That is to say, Canada, which represents one half of 1% of the planet’s population, is claiming the right to sell the oil that will use up a third of the earth’s remaining carbon budget. Trump is a creep and a danger and unpleasant to look at, but at least he’s not a stunning hypocrite.
climatechange  canada 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
La qualité de l'eau des Grands Lacs menacée par l'administration Trump |
La porte-parole de la Coalition Eau Secours, Martine Chatelain, souligne que « l'eau ne connaît pas de frontières » et que les coupes budgétaires imposées aux États-Unis ne tarderont pas à se faire sentir au Canada, où 10 millions de citoyens s'approvisionnent directement de ce bassin versant.

Selon la proposition de budget obtenue par l'Associated Press, la hausse des dépenses militaires annoncées par Donald Trump se réaliserait notamment aux dépens de l'Agence américaine de protection de l'environnement (EPA), qui verrait son financement amputé d'un quart.

Son initiative de restauration des Grands Lacs, le plus grand écosystème d'eau douce au monde, écoperait pour sa part d'une compression budgétaire de pas moins de 97 %.

Mme Chatelain fait état d'une « catastrophe » et signale qu'à court terme, le lac Érié pourrait carrément cesser d'être une source d'eau potable.
water  us  canada  politics 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Around the Web: Saving Government Data from the Trumpocalypse – Confessions of a Science Librarian
While I’m working on a major update to my Documenting the Donald Trump War on Science: Pre-Inauguration Edition and preparing for the first of the post-inauguration posts, I thought I’d whet everyone’s appetite with a post celebrating all the various efforts to save environmental, climate and various kinds of scientific and other data from potential loss in the Trump presidential era.
openscience  opendata  canada  us  politics  library 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
Has Facebook gone too far? – Medium
I then went to my Facebook profile to see how I could stop Facebook from translating my posts in the future and there is no way to do that. Facebook essentially took my post, applied some Artificial Intelligence to it, changed its meaning and grammatical quality but kept me as the author. This resulted in my kids questioning my ability to write in French. In fact, I’m pretty sure everyone who read the post in French had the same reaction. To add insult to injury, I only found out about it because my kids made fun of me. In fact, Facebook hid the whole thing from me. I have no way of reading the version of my post that other people are seeing on Facebook.
translation  facebook  enfr  canada 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
The Internet Archive is building a Canadian copy to protect itself from Trump - The Verge
Kahle estimates it will cost “millions” of dollars to host a copy of the Internet Archive in Canada, but it would shield its data from some American legal action.

The future of privacy and surveillance under the Trump administration remains unpredictable, but the president-elect has shown support for greater law enforcement surveillance powers and legal censorship, including “closing that internet up in some ways” to fight terrorism. “Somebody will say, 'Oh freedom of speech, freedom of speech.' These are foolish people,” he said in a 2015 speech.
archiving  politics  canada  us 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Ottawa opted for 'less safe' O'Connor Street bikeway design to make way for cars - Ottawa - CBC News
The two-way lane on the east side of O'Connor that the city finally settled on was the third choice of the cycling infrastructure specialists, who felt the design is as direct as Option 1, "but is less safe."
Mobycon found the city's top choice takes up less road, but "the intersections with the side streets are more difficult than with one-directional cycle crossings."
road_safety  canada  cycling  pqpc 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
What is anger? 2. Jean Briggs | The History of Emotions Blog
Let me make four quick points about this. First, and most obviously, as I have said, there is no Inuit word for “anger”. Secondly, it is notable that there is no reference anywhere to the idea that any of these Inuit words includes a necessary reference to revenge or pay-back (which is considered a defining feature of orge – the Ancient Greek philosophical concept of anger adopted by Nussbaum and others). Thirdly these words are primarily, though not exclusively, terms for outward actions – such things as shouting, scolding, threatening, and physically attacking. The Inuit vocabulary as translated by Briggs (and this is reinforced also by another recent linguistic study) is primarily a behavioural one.2 So, whatever it is that is standing in the place of “anger” or “bad temper” in the worldview of the Utku seems to have been more a set of behaviours than a set of feelings. Finally, Inuit languages do not seem to have an equivalent category to the English ‘emotion’ at all, so their second-order moral and psychological beliefs about shouting, attacking, and hostility will not be based on the same model of the mind as is familiar in modern academic psychology.
psychology  anthropology  language  emotion  canada 
september 2016 by juliusbeezer
Study: The Latest Evidence That Bike Helmet Laws Don't Help Rider Safety - CityLab
The point is not that helmets do nothing or that you shouldn’t wear them. If you fall off your bike and hit your head, it’s obviously much better to have a helmet on. At a personal level, if that’s what it takes to get you riding, by all means, helmet up. But at the local government level, it’s time to recognize that other safety measures have far greater public health benefits—in particular, well-designed infrastructure that separates riders from general traffic.

[my comment: Helmet laws were always a victim-blaming distraction from the real issue of bad driving and disrespect for cyclists, so research results that discredit helmet compulsion as an effective public health measure are hardly surprising. Looks like it's time to jump ship and demand "better infrastructure," while ignoring, of course, the real problem: too many motor vehicles, negligently driven.
Vancouver? Illegal to even cycle two abreast there, I read. Mustn't delay the motorist for even a moment, must we? I do understand that as a major oil producing country, each new cyclist is bad news for your economy. Best put the cyclists off the road on to some annoying narrow cycle lanes with plenty of stop lines and long waits at tricky junctions. If you can ensure the cycle track surfacing is inferior, whilst banning cyclists from using the nice smooth direct road alongside, so much the better. Make sure you include plenty of car parking alongside so they'll get doored now and again. Do route cyclists up on to the sidewalk from time to time: it's an effective way of making cyclists more generally disliked by pedestrians, further diverting attention from the real problem.
Yes, more cycle infrastructure is certainly the answer: for committed Fordists.]
cycling  helmetwars  canada  dccomment  pqpc 
november 2015 by juliusbeezer
Bicycling injury hospitalisation rates in Canadian jurisdictions: analyses examining associations with helmet legislation and mode share -- Teschke et al. 5 (11) -- BMJ Open
The fact that we did not find an effect of helmet legislation for injuries to any body region is not surprising, since most injuries were not head injuries. Even studies of helmet use have not found an effect for serious injuries to any body region.48 After a crash, injuries to the torso, extremities and neck cannot be mitigated by a helmet, and injuries to these body regions were incurred in 87% of the hospitalisations in this study. The lack of a protective effect of legislation on brain and head injury rates is more unexpected. Helmet legislation in Canada has resulted in higher helmet use, so this cannot explain the results.
cycling  road_safety  dccomment  helmetwars  canada  bmj 
november 2015 by juliusbeezer
Jonathan McLeod: The problem with bike helmets | Ottawa Citizen
We can treat Canada as a laboratory in which to judge the efficacy of helmet use in increasing safety. In the past decades, six provinces have enacted mandatory helmet laws, while the rest haven’t. Mandatory helmet laws have been shown to greatly increase the percentage of bicyclists who wear helmets (while also reducing the number of people who choose to ride a bike).

A study from University of Toronto research Jessica Dennis found that from 1994 to 2003 mandatory helmet laws had no discernible effect on the rate of hospitalization of bicyclists resulting from head injuries. Hospitalization rates declined during this period, but that came from other safety measures, such as segregated bike lanes.

The helmet laws are a failure. They deter people from achieving the benefits of an active, environmentally-friendly lifestyle, and they have not made a dent in our safety statistics.
cycling  canada  road_safety 
august 2015 by juliusbeezer
Comparing the effects of infrastructure on bicycling injury at intersections and non-intersections using a case–crossover design
e conducted a case–crossover study,10 15 a design that uses injured participants as their own controls, well suited to studies of the effects of transient exposures (eg, varying infrastructure along a cycling trip) on acute events (eg, injury). Comparisons within individuals and trips are fully controlled for personal factors (eg, age, sex, cycling experience) and trip characteristics (eg, weather, bike type, safety equipment use).10 15 Our overall design is described in detail elsewhere.10 11

The study population included injured cyclists aged 19 years and over who were treated at emergency departments at study hospitals in Vancouver (St Paul's, Vancouver General) or Toronto
road_safety  canada  cycling 
june 2015 by juliusbeezer
Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the street
We studied six cycle tracks in Montreal that are two-way on one side of the street. Each cycle track was compared with one or two reference streets without bicycle facilities that were considered alternative bicycling routes. One reference street was a continuation of the street with the cycle track; the remaining streets were parallel to the cycle track with the same cross streets as endpoints and, therefore, subject to approximately the same intersection frequency and cross traffic as the cycle track.
Injury and vehicle/bicycle crash rates per bicycle-kilometre

The injury and crash rates for each cycle track were determined from the emergency medical response (EMR) database16 and police-recorded vehicle/bicycle crashes and estimated on the cycle tracks per bicycle-km.
cycling  road_safety  canada 
june 2015 by juliusbeezer
City cycling: health versus hazard | Mosaic
For me, of all the cities I cycled in, London was the most terrifying... Ian Roberts, Professor in the Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, began his career as a paediatric trauma doctor. “I saw lots of children hit by cars,” he says, “and it really is awful.” He describes these deaths as “kinetic energy disease” – a reference to the idea of mismatched masses in motion. When one of those masses is protected by metal casing, but the other isn’t, it’s clear who is more likely to be hurt.

One of the trends Roberts has puzzled over is the long-term decline in the death rates of British pedestrians, despite an increase in motorisation. “Road safety people would point to it as an example of how roads are getting safer. But I was a little bit sceptical… because [the] volume of kinetic energy on the road was going up.”
I learn quickly (but too late) that the hand signal for ‘stop’ is essential in busy bike traffic. Failing to use it as I slow down to navigate, I cause a near-collision as a herd of bicycles behind me screeches to a halt, one woman yelling “Seriously?” at me multiple times as she skids to a stop on the grassy verge. Wishing I could dissolve into the bike path, I sheepishly review the hand signals in my guidebook. It’s a mistake I don’t make again.
cycling  road_safety  netherlands  London  denmark  canada  us 
june 2015 by juliusbeezer
Stephen Harper: Oil's worst enemy
How to explain the seemingly schizophrenic approach? Anderson says it usually boils down to politics. During his days as minister, back in the early 2000s, he recalls enjoying fruitful discussions with industry players on climate change issues and achieving an “agree-to-disagree understanding” with Alberta and other provinces, only to return to Ottawa and find his colleagues fretting about how an emissions regime would play out among voters. In the case of Harper’s Conservatives, they may be influenced by findings of a recent Nanos poll that found Canadians are essentially split on further development of the oil sands, with most of the support for the industry focused in the Prairie provinces—a key Conservative stronghold. “Climate change is an issue where delay is often the easiest path to follow,” Anderson says.

Prentice, for his part, argues that he’s since come to believe that unilaterally adopting a carbon-pricing scheme without the U.S. onboard is akin to economic suicide
climatechange  canada  politics  energy 
january 2015 by juliusbeezer
Bush Torture Indictment | Center for Constitutional Rights
One hundred and forty-seven countries, including Canada and the United States, are party to the United Nations Convention Against Torture (CAT), meaning that those countries have committed to promptly investigate, prosecute, and punish torturers. While the U.S. has thus far failed to comply with its obligations under the CAT, all other signatories are similarly obligated to prosecute or extradite for prosecution anyone present in their territory who they reasonably believe has committed torture. If the evidence warrants, as the Bush indictment contends it does, and if the U.S. fails to request that Bush be extradited to face charges of torture, Canada must, under law, prosecute him for torture.
torture  canada 
december 2014 by juliusbeezer
Canadian government orders scientists not to disclose extent of polar melting - Boing Boing
Stephen Harper's petro-Tories have a well-earned reputation for suppressing inconvenient environmental science, but they attained new Stalinist lows when their ministers prohibited Canadian Ice Services from disclosing their government-funded research on the rapid loss of Arctic ice.

The CIS scientists had asked for permission to hold a "strictly factual" press briefing on the catastrophic loss of northern ice, for which they required nine levels of government approval; the sixth level -- ministerial offices -- vetoed it.
agnotology  censorship  sciencepublishing  politics  canada 
november 2014 by juliusbeezer
Don’t be a compliance monkey | Glendon School of Translation
In Canada, federal government departments and agencies are bound by the Official Languages Act. The Act basically says that in the National Capital Region and other specific regions, government bodies have to both communicate with the public and provide a working environment in both Official Languages of this country.

When putting together a meeting or event, organizers call in the interpreters. In doing so, they are “compliant” with the Act. Since the interpreters are there, the meeting is, de facto, bilingual. On the list of things to do, they get to mentally put a checkmark beside “Official Languages”.

This attitude is compliant with the letter of the law, but not with its spirit.
interpreting  canada 
june 2014 by juliusbeezer
Your porn is not Canadian enough, CRTC warns erotica channels | National Post
a trio of Toronto-based erotica channels has earned a reprimand from the Canadian Radio-television & Telecommunications Commission.

Wednesday, the CRTC issued a broadcast notice saying AOV Adult Movie Channel, XXX Action Clips and the gay-oriented Maleflixxx were all failing to reach the required 35% threshold for Canadian content.

Based on a 24-hour broadcast schedule, that translates to about 8.5 hours of Canadian erotica a day.
porn  canada  funny 
march 2014 by juliusbeezer
About | Arts One Digital
Arts One is a year-long, interdisciplinary program taught at the University of British Columbia, in Vancouver, Canada. It combines History, English, and Philosophy to introduce students to some of the classic texts of the past two millennia of world civilization.
Arts One Digital is an open, online extension or complement to Arts One that enables anyone to join this voyage of discovery and critical analysis.
MOOC  digitalhumanities  canada 
june 2013 by juliusbeezer
Taking the plunge: open access at the Canadian Journal of Sociology
Notwithstanding a series of lingering anxieties, I was now persuaded of the benefits of open access publishing. It is also the case that making an established hard copy journal entirely electronic and open access is a big move, and the risks of this move are born almost entirely by the editor. The largest anxiety concerned the financial implications of such a move. When I first contemplated assuming the editorship I consulted with my colleague Professor Jo-Anne Wallace who was then editor of the journal English Studies in Canada. Being a bit of a pessimist I asked her what was the most unpalatable aspect of being editor, and she replied: 'laying awake at night thinking about the journal's finances'. I laughed at the time, but the humour started to wane as I subsequently found myself lying awake worrying about our journal's finances.
openaccess  sciencepublishing  editing  scholarly  publishing  sociology  canada 
august 2012 by juliusbeezer
The Canadian Encyclopedia
FrEn Bilingual Canadian encyclopedia
tools  translation  canada  enfr  fren 
may 2012 by juliusbeezer
L'Encyclopedie canadienne
FrEn Bilingual Canadian encyclopedia
tools  translation  canada  enfr  fren 
may 2012 by juliusbeezer
Canada’s new bilingual reality | Troy Media
On the hard numbers, the authors note bilingualism costs $2.4 billion a year, with $868 million of that spent by the provinces (and rest spent by Ottawa).
january 2012 by juliusbeezer
Un cuisinier québécois bien connu, une Albertaine qui enseigne le français, un journaliste politique et une jeune employée de la bibliothèque du Parlement ont une chose en commun : ils travaillent dans leur langue seconde. Ils nous racontent comment s’est passé leur saut dans l’univers de l’autre langue officielle.
français  english  enfr  fren  canada 
december 2011 by juliusbeezer
Putting a value on bilingualism
Unilinguals most likely to view language differences as "a problem"
français  english  canada  bilingualism 
december 2011 by juliusbeezer

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