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How to write about addiction without promoting stigma and bias: 4 tips for journalists - HealthNewsReview.org
if journalists are to cover addiction in an accurate way, we need to be extremely careful that the language we use does not reflect the history of moralizing, racism and bias that has marked the war on some drugs. Here are some tips that can help:
drugs  language  journalism  psychology 
january 2019 by juliusbeezer
How does exercise treatment compare with antihypertensive medications? A network meta-analysis of 391 randomised controlled trials assessing exercise and medication effects on systolic blood pressure | British Journal of Sports Medicine
Results We included a total of 391 RCTs, 197 of which evaluated exercise interventions (10 461 participants) and 194 evaluated antihypertensive medications (29 281 participants). No RCTs compared directly exercise against medications. While all medication trials included hypertensive populations, only 56 exercise trials included hypertensive participants (≥140 mmHg), corresponding to 3508 individuals. In a 10% random sample, risk of bias was higher in exercise RCTs, primarily due to lack of blinding and incomplete outcome data. In analyses that combined all populations, antihypertensive medications achieved higher reductions in baseline SBP compared with exercise interventions (mean difference −3.96 mmHg, 95% CrI −5.02 to −2.91). Compared with control, all types of exercise (including combination of endurance and resistance) and all classes of antihypertensive medications were effective in lowering baseline SBP. Among hypertensive populations, there were no detectable differences in the SBP-lowering effects of ACE-I, ARB, β-blocker and diuretic medications when compared with endurance or dynamic resistance exercise. There was no detectable inconsistency between direct and indirect comparisons. Although there was evidence of small-study effects, this affected both medication and exercise trials.

Conclusions The effect of exercise interventions on SBP remains under-studied, especially among hypertensive populations. Our findings confirm modest but consistent reductions in SBP in many studied exercise interventions across all populations but individuals receiving medications generally achieved greater reductions than those following structured exercise regimens. Assuming equally reliable estimates, the SBP-lowering effect of exercise among hypertensive populations appears similar to that of commonly used antihypertensive medications. Generalisability of these findings to real-world clinical settings should be further evaluated.
medicine  exercise  health  drugs 
january 2019 by juliusbeezer
14 ans après la décriminalisation de toutes les drogues, voici la situation du Portugal
La dépénalisation des drogues au Portugal a eu un effet semblable à celui de la psychologie inversée. Comme l’usage n’est plus interdit, on ne perçoit plus de bénéfices à la consommation de la drogue et les personnes sont davantage conscientes des conséquences et dangers éventuels.

D’un point de vue global, la consommation de drogues chez les jeunes de 15 à 24 ans a diminué. Les taux d’infection par le VIH parmi les consommateurs de drogues injectables ont été réduits à un rythme soutenu et le problème est devenu plus facile à gérer qu’au sein de pays ayant des taux élevés. En outre, les décès liés à la consommation de drogues ont sensiblement chuté comme le montre le tableau suivant de Transform Drug Policy Foundation :
drugs  portugal  français  politics 
september 2018 by juliusbeezer
Hunt and May apologise for Gosport hospital deaths | Society | The Guardian
An independent inquiry, published on Wednesday, found that 456 patients died and possibly 200 more had their lives shortened because of the routine practice at Gosport War Memorial hospital.The inquiry, led by the former bishop of Liverpool James Jones, concluded that Dr Jane Barton, the GP who ran wards at Gosport War Memorial hospital, routinely overprescribed drugs for her patients in the 1990s. Consultants were aware of her actions but did not intervene.
Gosport hospital: more than 450 patients died due to opioid drugs policy
Read more

The panel said concerns were raised as early as 1988, and three years later when a staff meeting was held supposedly for nurses to address the issue it “had the effect of silencing the nurses’ concerns”.
medicine  drugs  deaths 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
What Can We Learn About Moral Panics from Absinthe?
Absinthe’s history is one of persecution, moral panic, and demonization; these subjects are near and dear to the hearts of most (if not all) Satanists. In addition, the ritualistic nature of how the drink is prepared makes for a thoughtful commentary on traditions and their importance. ...
As it turns out the reason for absinthe’s rise in popularity in the late 19th century are rather mundane. What is interesting however is the way the spirit became a scapegoat for societal ills despite scant evidence. Claims arose that it was hallucinogenic (it’s not); absinthe was blamed for murders, suicides, and all manner of moral decay. There was a concerted propaganda campaign to malign and disparage the drink, which is at worst no more harmful than any other cocktail.
alcohol  drugs  agnotology 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
I served 20 years for cannabis. Now the police are cashing in on it | Rosie Rowbotham | World news | The Guardian
I’ve never considered myself to be a marijuana activist. I wasn’t a campaigner for legalization: I was making big money, and legalization would have been bad for my business.
drugs  law  canada  cannabis 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
Illness and Attitude – Richard Holton's 3rd Uehiro Lecture | Practical Ethics
Although there is little empirical research directly on this question, Holton draws on research on self-efficacy to support his initial hypothesis that the conception of a disorder one has may play a role in the course that it takes. Self-efficacy refers to the concept that an individual’s beliefs about their ability to succeed in a particular task can significantly influence how they approach that task. Crucially in the current context, if I don’t believe that I will be able to succeed in task X, I will be less able to adopt coping behaviours, and to sustain effort in the face of obstacles to achieving X. To extend this to addiction, it seems plausible to suppose that if I believe that I cannot overcome an addictive craving, my low self-efficacy judgement will mean that I will be less likely to exert the sort of effort that might in fact lead me to succeed in resisting the craving.

Rather than focus primarily on addiction though, Holton’s main focus in this lecture is on psycho-somatic illness. These illnesses might plausibly be understood as extreme cases of something like the phenomenon Holton is interested in, namely, attitudes mediating illness in some sense.
medicine  psychology  drugs  healthcare  philosophy 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
Relaxe pour l’automobiliste qui avait mortellement percuté un cycliste - La Voix du Nord
Une lumière aveuglante qui l’éblouissait malgré son pare-soleil. Les gendarmes ont d’ailleurs fait état de cette même gêne à laquelle ils ont dû faire face en arrivant sur les lieux du drame ce matin-là...
Aucune faute de conduite n’avait été relevée par l’enquête et tous les tests toxicologiques d’usage en matière d’accident routier étaient revenus négatifs. C’est logiquement que l’affaire avait été classée sans suite...
Les parties civiles s’appuient sur la maladie de Parkinson dont le prévenu est atteint depuis 2009 et qui a la particularité d’être dégénérative. Prendre le volant constituerait selon eux une imprudence. Mais le prévenu suivait son traitement lui permettant d’atténuer les tremblements. Le tribunal a considéré qu’il n’y avait pas de faute de conduite pouvant lui être imputée, prononçant une relaxe.
driving  france  medicine  crash_report  drugs  deaths  disease 
march 2018 by juliusbeezer
There’s a highly successful treatment for opioid addiction. But stigma is holding it back. - Vox
The research backs this up: Various studies, including systematic reviews of the research, have found that medication-assisted treatment can cut the all-cause mortality rate among addiction patients by half or more. Just imagine if a medication came out for any other disease — and, yes, health experts consider addiction a disease — that cuts mortality by half; it would be a momentous discovery.

“That is shown repeatedly,” Maia Szalavitz, a longtime addiction journalist and author of Unbroken Brain: A Revolutionary New Way of Understanding Addiction, told me. “There’s so much data from so many different places that if you add methadone or Suboxone in, deaths go down, and if you take it away, deaths go up.”
drugs  healthcare  law  us  culture 
december 2017 by juliusbeezer
Why I Don’t Have a Sobriety Date | The Fix
It's not a magical fix for addiction. There is no magical fix for addiction. By the time I decided I wasn't going to track my sobriety date anymore, I was already involved in outpatient recovery. I had professional support, peer support, and medication-assisted treatment to help me along. But I realized that by fixating on my sober time, I was setting myself up for devastation if a relapse happened. I decided to shift my focus from the length of my sobriety to the quality of my recovery, and it worked...
Recovery is about much more than sobriety. I don't know my exact sobriety date, but I do know that I've been in recovery about four years, which is considerably longer than the time it's been since I last used. That's because my recovery is not only defined by abstinence from addictive substances...
When people celebrate their sobriety birthdays, it's supposed to be a celebration of their accomplishments. I think a more palatable way to celebrate recovery is to consider every day that I'm working toward a better future a success. Instead of one birthday, I celebrate myself every day, the same way I destroyed myself every day during my active addiction.
drugs  psychology  medicine 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
NHS drug spending rises by 8% to £15.5bn in England | News | Pharmaceutical Journal
The costs of NHS medicines prescribed in hospital and in the community in England rose by 7.8% between 2013–2014 and 2014–2015, according to figures released by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) on 12 November 2015.

The biggest rise occurred in hospitals where the net ingredient cost of medicines went up 15.4%. The figure means that the sector’s medicines’ bill has risen by 59.8% over the past four years.

Overall the NHS in England spent £15.5bn on medicines in 2014–2015 — a rise of 19.4% since 2010–2011, the figures reveal.
drugs  healthcare  uk  finance  economics 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
They thought they were going to rehab. They ended up in chicken plants | Reveal
Sharon Cain runs the drug court in rural Stephens County and decides where to send defendants for treatment. She said state regulators don’t stop her from using CAAIR.

“I do what I wanna do. They don’t mess with me,” she said. “And I’m not saying that in a cocky way. They just know I’m going to do drug court the way I’ve always done it.”
drugs  prison  us  law  humanrights 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Other Inconvenient Truth - The New York Times
“The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. You understand what I’m saying? We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or blacks, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.”

The era Ehrlichman referred to was the beginning of the War on Drugs. Nixon started his offensive in 1971, declaring in a speech from the White House Briefing Room: “America’s public enemy No. 1 in the United States is drug abuse. In order to fight and defeat this enemy, it is necessary to wage a new, all-out offensive.”

The object of disrupting communities worked all too well
drugs  us  politics 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le Télégramme - Nutrition. Le Cern teste pour vous
Tester des pilules minceur, des compléments alimentaires, c'est le boulot du Cern. Le Centre d'enseignement et de recherche en nutrition, s'implique aussi dans la recherche pour lutter contre l'obésité ou les maladies cardiovasculaires. Le bâtiment n'a rien du laboratoire high-tech que l'on imagine volontiers. C'est même plutôt l'inverse. Perché au deuxième étage d'une vieille bâtisse de la rue de Kerlin, à deux pas de Bodélio, le Cern se fait discret. Pourtant, régulièrement, le Centre d'enseignement et de recherche en nutrition passe des annonces pour trouver des volontaires pour une étude sur les Oméga 3, pour tester un complément alimentaire, pour vérifier les propriétés de tel ou tel aliment ou encore pour lutter contre le cholestérol ou l'hypertension.
food  drugs  france 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Stop the EMA Backsliding on Open Clinical Data [Updated] - Open Enterprise
Back in April, I noted that we had potentially a big win in the form of the opening up of drug safety data in the light of recent scandals that have seen big pharma companies hiding adverse effects of their products, often with fatal results. As I warned, we weren't there yet, since the drug companies really don't want their dirty washing for all to see, and they have been lobbying extremely hard to water down the provisions. And in fact, it seems they have succeeded, as the All Trials Web site explains:

The good proposals in the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA) draft policy on sharing clinical trial data could be at risk.

The EMA has produced a further draft of the policy which would introduce barriers to access to clinical trial data that would make the job of researchers who want to scrutinise it almost impossible.

The policy introduces terms of use which say that researchers can access the data on screen only with printing, sharing or saving of the data forbidden.
drugs  linkrot  openmedicine  open  eu 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
A portrait of poly psychopharmacology – Everything Matters: Beyond Meds
God knows what all these drugs have done to me.

In order roughly by class (class is a bit subject to interpretation as so much of this stuff is used off label, especially when it was given to me):
drugs  medicine  psychology 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
Painkillers and cycling: Tramadol’s dark danger | VeloNews.com
Cycling’s tramadol problem is well-documented. In 2014, former Team Sky (and U.S. Postal) rider Michael Barry wrote in his book that he had used the drug while riding with Team Sky in 2010, and that he had witnessed other riders using it as well. Sky denies that allegation and has since called for tramadol to be banned. In October, British rider Jonathan Tiernen-Locke claimed that British Cycling doctor Richard Freeman passed out tramadol pills on a team bus at the 2012 world championships. UK Anti-Doping is investigating that claim. In 2015, the CIRC report, which investigated cycling’s doping and governance problems, described painkillers, including the legal tramadol, as being “used widely” in and out of competition.
cycling  drugs 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
Iceland knows how to stop teen substance abuse but the rest of the world isn’t listening | Mosaic
“We didn’t say to them, you’re coming in for treatment. We said, we’ll teach you anything you want to learn: music, dance, hip hop, art, martial arts.” The idea was that these different classes could provide a variety of alterations in the kids’ brain chemistry, and give them what they needed to cope better with life: some might crave an experience that could help reduce anxiety, others may be after a rush.
drugs  alcohol  tobacco  iceland 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Stop the EMA Backsliding on Open Clinical Data [Updated] - Open Enterprise
the drug companies really don't want their dirty washing for all to see, and they have been lobbying extremely hard to water down the provisions. And in fact, it seems they have succeeded, as the All Trials Web site explains:

The good proposals in the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA) draft policy on sharing clinical trial data could be at risk.

The EMA has produced a further draft of the policy which would introduce barriers to access to clinical trial data that would make the job of researchers who want to scrutinise it almost impossible.

The policy introduces terms of use which say that researchers can access the data on screen only with printing, sharing or saving of the data forbidden.

It allows the company who supplied the data to the EMA to decide which information to redact so researchers may never know what information is being kept hidden.
drugs  research  medicine  openness  eu 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
How Drug Companies Keep Medicine Out of Reach - The Atlantic
"So there is the idea that there are gaps in research," Love told me in February, "and the second idea is that linking the cost of R&D to the price of the drug through the grant of a monopoly is inherently problematic, and the problems are diverse." The existing system relies on the promise of drug sales under patent to incentivize innovation -- an effective monopoly on production, typically lasting more than a decade. That system leads drug makers to set prices at whatever level they think the market can bear, regardless of the cost of manufacture or even the cost of development. The point was driven home last year, when Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, in New York, refused a new colorectal cancer drug priced at over $130,000 per year. The drug maker, Sanofi, promptly cut the price in half...
[dccomment, disqus: A martian writes:
"The discomfort of M. Gates' conflicted position is very interesting. Presumably much of his 'wealth' is still 'invested' in companies that rely on 'intellectual property' to make 'money.' Yet clearly, the experts who advise him how to spend it, are clear that for things that actually matter for humanity—curing tropical diseases, rather than selling dodgy software upgrades—this model is of proven ineffectiveness. However, should he concede the point, the resulting cultural matter-antimatter explosion could leave him standing alone in a desert, spectacles fogged by dust, and wearing only a pair of frazzled underpants."]
drugs  medicine  research  dccomment  funny 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
Mr. President, It’s Time to End the Racist War on Drugs - The Daily Beast
President Richard Nixon, according to a new article in Harper’s magazine, used drug policy as a political strategy—to neutralize his political foes, specifically “the anti-war left and black people.”

His domestic policy advisor John Ehrlichman, who spent 18 months in prison for his part in the Watergate scandal, outlined a scheme by which our policies to combat illicit drug abuse “could disrupt those communities.”

“We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities,” Ehrlichman reportedly told journalist Dan Baum in 1994.
drugs  war  warondrugs 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
BMJ Blogs: The BMJ » Blog Archive » Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . Naming biologics—principles and practice
Last week I discussed how drugs get their International Nonproprietary Names (INNs). The World Health Organization’s expert panel that assigns INNs has nine principles to guide its decisions, two primary and seven secondary. Here they are in abbreviated form:

1. The names should be distinctive in sound and spelling. They should not be inconveniently long and should not be liable to confusion with names in common use.
language  medicine  drugs  science 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
What is a Situation?: An Assemblic Ethnography of the Drug War — Cultural Anthropology
the drug war is best conceived as what I will call a situation. I hope to show that the concept of situation significantly adds to anthropological knowledge because it allows us to consider that which is widely diffused across different global scales as a nontotalizable assemblage, yet in its occasional and temporary local manifestation allows us to understand how persons and objects that are geographically, socioeconomically, and culturally distributed get caught up in the shared conditions emerging from the situation. Becoming caught up in the shared conditions of a situation, in turn, significantly affects the possible ways of being-in-the-world of those persons and objects that get caught up. The concept of situation, then, allows us to analytically recognize that in the current global configuration, complexity is at least as knotted nonlocally as it is locally, and thus increasingly—so I contend—local complexity emerges within the shared conditions set by this diffused complexity
spectacle  Situationism  anthropology  drugs  war 
september 2015 by juliusbeezer
E-cigarettes around 95% less harmful than tobacco estimates landmark review - Press releases - GOV.UK
An expert independent evidence review published today by Public Health England (PHE) concludes that e-cigarettes are significantly less harmful to health than tobacco and have the potential to help smokers quit smoking.

Key findings of the review include:

the current best estimate is that e-cigarettes are around 95% less harmful than smoking
nearly half the population (44.8%) don’t realise e-cigarettes are much less harmful than smoking
there is no evidence so far that e-cigarettes are acting as a route into smoking for children or non-smokers
tobacco  drugs  politics  uk 
august 2015 by juliusbeezer
Doping in Football: Fifty Years of Evidence | Four Dimensional Football
footballers who want to use performance enhancing drugs face relatively low risks, compared to cyclists. Footballers and clubs have more money available, making doping a cheap investment. And whereas cyclists have to deal with far more, far better tests (which they have no problem circumventing), footballers are rarely tested. And when they are, usually all they have to do is give a urine sample – through which a variety of advanced doping techniques cannot be detected.
sport  football  drugs  medicine 
august 2015 by juliusbeezer
The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think | Johann Hari
n the 1970s, a professor of Psychology in Vancouver called Bruce Alexander noticed something odd about this experiment. The rat is put in the cage all alone. It has nothing to do but take the drugs. What would happen, he wondered, if we tried this differently? So Professor Alexander built Rat Park. It is a lush cage where the rats would have colored balls and the best rat-food and tunnels to scamper down and plenty of friends: everything a rat about town could want. What, Alexander wanted to know, will happen then?

In Rat Park, all the rats obviously tried both water bottles, because they didn't know what was in them. But what happened next was startling.

The rats with good lives didn't like the drugged water. They mostly shunned it, consuming less than a quarter of the drugs the isolated rats used. None of them died. While all the rats who were alone and unhappy became heavy users, none of the rats who had a happy environment did.
drugs  psychology 
july 2015 by juliusbeezer
Addiction, Climate Change, and the Psychology of Recovery
What we can learn from these experiments is that addicts stay hooked and often die if there is not a healthy environment for them to transition to. Similarly, our ecological crisis is largely a crisis of addiction. To explore this idea, I turn to a 2009 report in the journal Ecopsychology, where author Christopher Bailey draws parallels between the way addiction is classified in the DSM and how those bullet points can actually apply to the way our society uses resources. To summarize, the more fossil fuels that we use, the deeper we have to drill in order to access them, and the more exotic the methods (take tar sands, for example). This is a classic symptom of addiction, as addicts typically go to great lengths to keep using despite knowing that their resources are being depleted, and that they are bound to run out and wreak havoc along the way.
drugs  climatechange  psychology  environment 
july 2015 by juliusbeezer
Johann Hari: ‘I failed badly. When you harm people, you should shut up, go away and reflect on what happened' | Media | The Guardian
What I learned is that the opposite of addiction is not sobriety,” Hari says. “The opposite of addiction is human connection. And I think that has massive implications for the war on drugs. The treatment of drug addicts almost everywhere in the world is much closer to Tent City than it is to anything in Portugal. Our laws are built around the belief that drug addicts need to be punished to stop them. But if pain and trauma and isolation cause addiction, then inflicting more pain and trauma and isolation is not going to solve that addiction. It’s actually going to deepen it.”... If, as the book suggests, 90% of us can take drugs safely without harming ourselves or others, and criminalising the 10% who can’t only turns them into desperate thieves and prostitutes, then the war on drugs is not merely unwinnable, but inherently counterproductive.
drugs 
january 2015 by juliusbeezer
GETTING STONED (or not) WITH CAVEH | Keyframe - Explore the world of film.
Several years ago, I watched the short-lived IFC series Fishing with John, an early reality show in which actor and indie icon John Lurie goes fishing with a different celebrity in each episode. The celebrities on that show were Jim Jarmusch, Tom Waits, Matt Dillon, Willem Dafoe, and Dennis Hopper. It occurred to me that it would be fun to do a TV series called Tripping with Caveh, in which fishing with celebrities would be replaced by tripping with celebrities.

I asked every celebrity I had even the remotest access to but the only person who agreed was singer/songwriter Will Oldham. I had only met him very briefly once or twice, but he liked my films and he liked to trip. We met in Austin, Texas and spent the next day on mushrooms with two cameras rolling. The resulting film, Tripping with Caveh, was the pilot episode of a would-be TV series.

The only problem was that no television station was willing to broadcast the show.
drugs  cannabis  television  media  agnotology 
december 2014 by juliusbeezer
PLOS ONE: Accuracy and Completeness of Drug Information in Wikipedia: A Comparison with Standard Textbooks of Pharmacology
we investigated the accuracy and completeness of drug information in Wikipedia in comparison to standard textbooks of basic pharmacology and evaluated its potential for undergraduate medical education of pharmacology. By analyzing 100 randomly selected curricular drugs in the German language version of Wikipedia, we found that the information in Wikipedia contained few factual errors (<0.3%) and comprised the majority (>93%) of curricular drug information considered essential for undergraduate teaching of basic pharmacology. The drug articles in Wikipedia had an average of 262.8±37.4 edits that were performed by an average of 142.7±17.6 editors. Finally, Wikipedia was generally well referenced with an average of 14.6±1.6 citations per article and had a readability that was on par with standard textbooks of pharmacology. Similar results were obtained for the English language version of Wikipedia. Collectively, our results suggest that Wikipedia is an accurate and informative source of drug information for undergraduate medical students.
wikipedia  medicine  drugs 
september 2014 by juliusbeezer
Dissertation | Benjamin Breen
This dissertation analyzes scientific correspondence, state documents, pharmacopeias, Inquisition trials, and travel accounts to map the global circulation of tropical drugs in the 1640-1750 period. It argues that this earliest phase of the global drug trade entangled indigenous, enslaved and creole inhabitants of the ‘Luso-Tropics’ (specifically Amazonia and Angola) with natural philosophers, merchants and medical consumers in an expanding British Empire. The rise of the global pharmaceutical industry and the illicit drug trade, I argue, are the twin Janus faces of this process.
drugs  history 
june 2014 by juliusbeezer
Insight - War turns Syria into major amphetamines producer, consumer | Reuters
Syria has become a major amphetamines exporter and consumer as the trauma of the country's brutal civil war fuels demand and the breakdown in order creates opportunity for producers... Reports of seizures and interviews with people connected to the trade suggest it generates hundreds of millions of dollars in annual revenues in Syria, potentially providing funding for weapons, while the drug itself helps combatants dig in for long, gruelling battles.
drugs  syria  war 
january 2014 by juliusbeezer
Want Perfect Pitch? You Might Be Able To Pop A Pill For That : NPR
Hensch is studying a drug which might allow adults to learn perfect pitch by re-creating this critical period in brain development. Hensch says the drug, valprioc acid, allows the brain to absorb new information as easily as it did before age 7.

Hensch gave the drug to a group of healthy, young men who had no musical training as children. They were asked to perform tasks online to train their ears, and at the end of a two-week period, tested on their ability to discriminate tone, to see if the training had more effect than it normally would at their age.
music  medicine  drugs 
january 2014 by juliusbeezer
Outrageous HSBC Settlement Proves the Drug War is a Joke | Rolling Stone
the government's rationale in not pursuing criminal prosecutions against the bank was apparently rooted in concerns that putting executives from a "systemically important institution" in jail for drug laundering would threaten the stability of the financial system.
drugs  politics 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
Heroin: art and culture's last taboo | Television & radio | The Observer
Beyond the "dirty junkie" cliches and the fear of disease, one of the reasons why heroin is still taboo is that it wipes away the sense of responsibility to the collective, to the herd. This is why heroin users are usually characterised as self-destructive narcissists who don't really deserve to survive their habits.

But it is clear that artists who are heroin users have a clearly developed sense of negativity in relation to society, and that has its own aesthetic. This indeed is the true art of heroin – to refuse life, to refuse society; terrifyingly, in every absolute sense: to just say "no".
drugs  writing  art  music 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
Ian Parker: The Search for a Blockbuster Insomnia Drug : The New Yorker
After adjusting for age, gender, smoking habits, obesity, ethnicity, alcohol use, and a history of cancer, and after controlling, as much as possible, for other diseases and disorders, Kripke found that people who had taken sleeping pills were more than three times as likely to have died during the study period as those who had not. Those on higher doses of the drugs were more than five times as likely to have died.
drugs  medicine  psychology  sleep 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
Paris Review – Pharmacopornography: An Interview with Beatriz Preciado, Ricky Tucker
B. toggles between a personal account of using topical testosterone, Testogel, as a kind of performative homage to a fallen queer friend, and a cultural analysis that investigates how pharmaceutical companies politicize the body– down to the molecule. The idea is that Testo Junkie picks up where Foucault’s The History of Sexuality left off, a chronicle of sex in an ever increasingly consumerist and pornographically identified modernity. Its mix of personal narrative and theory softened my point of entry
drugs  sex  theory 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
In search of perfection, young adults turn to Adderall at work | Al Jazeera America
So she now stays up all night writing, then, if necessary, takes Adderall the next morning to get through the workday.
Benson’s complex relationship with the drug illustrates problems Dr. Anjan Chatterjee, a professor of neurology at the University of Pennsylvania, has highlighted in connection to what he refers to as “cosmetic neurology” — the use of drugs like Adderall for performance enhancement.
Essentially, Chatterjee argues that the advances in cognitive neuroscience and neuropharmacology mean the question of to what extent we want to create and live in a drug-enhanced society may no longer be relevant. That way of life is already here, and society must now account for the moral implications it brings.
Like cosmetic surgery, cosmetic neurology will likely be available only to those with the disposable income to afford elective medicine, expanding the already wide gap between the haves and have-nots. Drugs like Adderall already tend to circulate among the wealthy — those who come from competitive universities and have access to health care that covers expensive prescriptions.
drugs  writing 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
Herbal Supplements Are Often Not What They Seem - NYTimes.com
Canadian researchers tested 44 bottles of popular supplements sold by 12 companies. They found that many were not what they claimed to be, and that pills labeled as popular herbs were often diluted — or replaced entirely — by cheap fillers like soybean, wheat and rice.
medicine  drugs  safety 
november 2013 by juliusbeezer
Setbacks | Mad In America
The good news is, I’m slowly getting better thanks to the balm of time, to meditation, and to cleaning up my diet and getting off caffeine, which IMO has a profoundly horrible and way understated withdrawal syndrome. I believe that all along, caffeine had been inflaming the underlying stuff until this final breaking point. (Caffeine interacts with GABA receptors, the ones affected by benzos, so perhaps my body was relying on it in some bizarre way. It also releases dopamine—as well as the fight-or-flight hormones adrenaline and cortisol. It is a stimulant and a psychotropic.)
caffeine  drugs 
october 2013 by juliusbeezer
Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Why I changed my mind on weed - CNN.com
Long before I began this project, I had steadily reviewed the scientific literature on medical marijuana from the United States and thought it was fairly unimpressive. Reading these papers five years ago, it was hard to make a case for medicinal marijuana. I even wrote about this in a TIME magazine article, back in 2009, titled "Why I would Vote No on Pot."

Well, I am here to apologize.

I apologize because I didn't look hard enough, until now. I didn't look far enough. I didn't review papers from smaller labs in other countries doing some remarkable research, and I was too dismissive of the loud chorus of legitimate patients whose symptoms improved on cannabis.
drugs  medicine  politics  cannabis 
august 2013 by juliusbeezer
Podcast: David Nutt, 'The current laws on drugs and alcohol – ineffective, dishonest and unethical?' | Practical Ethics
the law to control drug use is long established, it remains unproven in efficacy. Although seemingly obvious that legal interdictions should work there is little evidence to support this assertion.
drugs  law  ethics  uk 
june 2013 by juliusbeezer
What evidence is there that pharmaceutical companies withhold clinical trial data | www.carlheneghan.comwww.carlheneghan.com
List of BadPharma instances: Rofecoxib, Rosiglitazone, Oseltamivir, Paroxetine, Reboxetine, Rimonabant
ebm  medicine  drugs 
may 2013 by juliusbeezer
How Drug Companies Keep Medicine Out of Reach - Brian Till - The Atlantic
"Once you turn that corner and realize that intellectual property rights are really man made policies that are designed to do something, and that there are other ways to induce the same thing that can compete with those ideas, then it just opens your mind up."
Love's idea suggests the use of cash prizes -- rather than patents -- to incentivize research; say, $2 billion for an effective therapeutic drug for Chagas disease. A cure, once developed, proven, and awarded a prize, would then exist as open-access intellectual property, with manufacturers around the world competing to produce the drug in the most cost effective manner.
drugs  openness  research  patents  dccomment 
may 2013 by juliusbeezer
Annie Machon: MI6 'Ghost Money' Helping Afghan Drug Trade?
So on the one hand we have our Western governments bankrupting themselves to fight the 'war on terror', breaking international laws and murdering millions of innocent people across North Africa, the Middle East, and central Asia while at the same time shredding what remain of our hard-won civil liberties at home.

On the other hand, we apparently have MI6 and the CIA secretly bankrolling the very people in Afghanistan who produce 90% of the world's heroin. And then, of course, more scarce resources can be spent on fighting the failed 'war on drugs' and yet another pretext is used to shred our civil liberties.

This is a lucrative economic model for the burgeoning military-security complex.

However, it is a lose-lose scenario for the rest of us.
iraq  drugs  war  warondrugs  afghanistan 
may 2013 by juliusbeezer
Writing Under the Influence: Greene on Benzedrine « Samir Chopra
I fell back for the first and last time in my life on Benzedrine. For six weeks I started each day with a tablet, and renewed the dose at midday. Each day I sat down to work with no idea of what turn the plot might take and each morning I wrote, with the automatism of a planchette, two thousand words instead of my usual stint of five hundred words.
drugs  writing 
may 2013 by juliusbeezer
ISCD ~ Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs
The proliferation of New Psychoactive Substances, often called ‘legal highs’, is rightly seen as a threat to public health. Enforcing the prohibition of familiar recreational drugs has proved far from a walk in the park, but when labs can churn out new drugs which mimic illicit ones but can be sold freely, what is a government to do? In the last few years, the government has repeatedly made Amendments to the Misuse of Drugs Act in an attempt to keep up.
drugs  law  medicine 
march 2013 by juliusbeezer
Légaliser les drogues ? - La Vie des idées
le droit français se caractérise par une remarquable continuité idéologique : les règles en vigueur ont une finalité éducative. La loi sert de rempart symbolique contre les drogues, et la réponse pénale tient lieu de pédagogie pour le drogué. Clairement exprimée dans les débats législatifs [1], mais également dans les rapports parlementaires [2] et dans les circulaires [3] qui règlent les évolutions les plus récentes du droit de la drogue, cette approche repose sur une conception de la peine jumelant mesure éducative et sanction punitive. Ainsi, l’usager de drogues peut être soumis à une obligation de soins dans le cadre d’une procédure judiciaire, le traitement étant prescrit par le Procureur de la République, par le juge d’instruction, ou par la juridiction de jugement (art. L3423-1, L3424-1 et L3425-1 du Code de la santé publique). La création par la loi du 5 mars 2007 du stage, obligatoire et payant, de sensibilisation aux dangers de l’usage des produits stupéfiants s’inscrit dans ce projet d’éducation par la peine (art. R131-46 et R131-47 du Code pénal).
drugs  france 
january 2013 by juliusbeezer
Cases Journal | Full text | Beijing cough: a case report
As I was being driven I noticed the "fogginess" of the atmosphere. I didn't know how much was atmospheric and how much pollution. At some point early on I noticed that I could smell and almost "taste" the air – even in my hotel room. The smell was of coal.
climate  medicine  sciencepublishing  database  drugs  cannabis 
december 2012 by juliusbeezer
Longford Trust - Wilf Self: Mind-Bending Behind Bars: Drug Use in British Prisons
My analogy is flawed of course: we may, as a society, be rather more taken by what’s on the end of our forks than is healthy for us, but chives – unlike drugs and alcohol – are entirely benign garnishes on the dish of life. Be that as it may, I do think one of the major difficulties we have in coping with intoxication in Britain today is precisely that – to pursue the analogy a little farther – most of the cooks who serve up our drug and alcohol policies have either never tasted a chive in their lives, or else they’ve had a surfeit of the things...
These treatments take as their foundation the complete abstinence from all mood-altering drugs, including alcohol. [But not coffee?]
drugs  writing 
december 2012 by juliusbeezer
The Q&A: Ben Goldacre: The drug industry doesn't work | The Economist
In the face of much evidence Ben Goldacre claims profit motive is best way of ensuring pharma innovation: I demur.
medicine  drugs  dccomment 
november 2012 by juliusbeezer
IP Policy Committee blog » Blog Archive » Worrisome EU proposal on clinical trials
EU proposal to weaken pharmaceutical regs. Unbelievable! I absolutely rant in the comments.
dccomment  drugs  science  medicine 
october 2012 by juliusbeezer
The Grass Isn’t Always Greener: A Marijuana-Borne Salmonella Outbreak « BODY HORRORS
How did the Salmonella end up in the skunk? Investigators determined that the marijuana was imported from either Jamaica or Colombia and distributors there seem to have deliberately adulterated the product with manure prior to shipment so as to increase its weight and, in turn, raise its consumer costs
medicine  drugs  cannabis 
september 2012 by juliusbeezer
Studying Drugs in All the Wrong People: Scientific American
Researchers involved in psychiatric drug development know patients like Gia well. They ask to join studies in which they may not really belong, motivated by the monetary compensation. The question is not why such individuals wish to take part but why anyone would want to enroll them. Testing a drug for bipolar disorder—or any other ailment—on people who feign the condition will skew the results. And yet these subjects are enrolled in trials, over and over again. The reasons why reveal a troubled system, one in which study sponsors reward researchers for recruiting as many subjects as they can. As a result, studies can produce suspect findings, which then sway doctors' treatment decisions for countless others.
drugs  research  science  sociology 
september 2012 by juliusbeezer
Just Another Night… « The Custody Record
Night in the life of a UK custody sergeant. The drunks.
alcohol  drugs  law  police 
july 2012 by juliusbeezer
Psychedelic Drug Research and the Data-Mining Revolution  - Technology Review
in the contrast to the small amount of formal scientific literature in this area, there are large volumes of narrative descriptions of the effects of drugs posted on the web. Their idea is to mine these descriptions using machine learning techniques to identify common features which would allow a quantitative comparison of their effects.
medicine  drugs  internet  textmining 
june 2012 by juliusbeezer
Journalism :: Irvine Welsh Official Website
We manufacture, sell, market and advertise products specifically designed to get people out of their heads. Having de facto recognised this right, it seems churlish in the extreme of the nanny state to then specify which particular substances can and cannot be considered legitimate tools in this pursuit. Particularly so when the legal framework we use seems hopelessly irrational and ridiculously culturally biased and bears little relevance to the real issues of evaluating drugs; immediate and long-term harm on health, effects on society and addictive potential. While drugs are obviously dangerous, that factor alone hardly makes them stand out amongst our modern addictions.
drugs  culture  politics  cannabis 
june 2012 by juliusbeezer
A resounding success or a disastrous failure: Re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drugs - HUGHES - 2012 - Drug and Alcohol Review - Wiley Online Library
Nuanced interpretation of the Portugese experience with decriminalisation of drugs. Briefly, both poles of the debate have been selective in their interpretation of the evidence, but these authors tend to be broadly positive to the reforms there.
drugs  politics  spectacle 
march 2012 by juliusbeezer
Pharmaceutical R
The article in Forbes references a paper that we published last year in BioSocieties, which shows the costs of R
drugs  politics  medicine 
march 2012 by juliusbeezer
Why Anti-Authoritarians are Diagnosed as Mentally Ill | Mad In America
Gaining acceptance into graduate school or medical school and achieving a PhD or MD and becoming a psychologist or psychiatrist means jumping through many hoops, all of which require much behavioral and attentional compliance to authorities, even to those authorities that one lacks respect for. The selection and socialization of mental health professionals tends to breed out many anti-authoritarians. Having steered the higher-education terrain for a decade of my life, I know that degrees and credentials are primarily badges of compliance. Those with extended schooling have lived for many years in a world where one routinely conforms to the demands of authorities.
politics  medicine  psychology  drugs 
march 2012 by juliusbeezer
This much I know: Samuel L Jackson | Life and style | The Observer
There's a distinct correlation between me being successful and me being clean. Rehab gave me a chance to find out that I could get outside myself and be OK with who I am without a substance. Since I became successful I've been offered more cocaine than I could ever possibly use, but I don't feel the need to do it.
drugs 
july 2011 by juliusbeezer
BumWine.com
Satirical treatment of alcohol as drug
alcohol  drugs  funny 
october 2010 by juliusbeezer
Drugs - Vidal
Prescient article now forty years old.
drugs 
august 2010 by juliusbeezer

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