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Cannabis : comment reprendre le controle ?
En dépit d’une des politiques les plus répressives d’Europe, les Français, et en particulier les mineurs, figurent parmi les plus gros consommateurs de cannabis de l’Union européenne. Le système actuel de prohibition ne fonctionne pas : il est inapte à protéger les plus fragiles, il pèse lourdement sur les dépenses publiques et il profite au crime organisé. Dans cette nouvelle Note du CAE, Emmanuelle Auriol et Pierre-Yves Geoffard explorent les réformes à entreprendre pour reprendre le contrôle de ce marché. En s’appuyant sur l’analyse économique et l’étude des expériences étrangères récentes, ils défendent l’idée selon laquelle la légalisation du cannabis récréatif, strictement encadrée, permet à la fois de restreindre l’accès au produit pour les plus jeunes, de lutter contre la criminalité, et de développer un secteur économique créateur d’emplois et de recettes fiscales.
cannabis  france  law 
3 days ago by juliusbeezer
As Theresa May loses control over Brexit, her lawyer admits the EU referendum was illegal | The Canary
Prime minister Theresa May has conceded that MPs will have a vote to extend Article 50 and delay Brexit. They will also have a vote to rule out a No Deal scenario.

Despite this Commons pantomime, it’s notable that these concessions come only days after a largely unreported appeal court hearing. During this, May’s legal counsel admitted “the PM is aware” that the Leave campaigns acted unlawfully.
law  Brexit  politics  uk 
february 2019 by juliusbeezer
France's Macron leads the way as western elites malevolently confuse anti-Zionism with antisemitism
That trend was consolidated last week when Emmanuel Macron, the centrist French president, went further than simply reiterating his repeated conflation of anti-Zionism and antisemitism. This time he threatened to outlaw anti-Zionism...

Many members of the BDS movement, though not all, are anti-Zionists. A proportion are anti-Zionist Jews.

The movement not only leapfrogs western policy elites’ decades of complicity in Israel’s oppression of the Palestinians but highlights the extent of that complicity. That is one reason it is so reviled by those elites.

France has gone furthest so far in this direction, criminalizing BDS as a form of economic discrimination. It thereby conflates a state, Israel, with an ethnic group, Jews – precisely as antisemites do.
politics  france  Israel  Palestine  law  racism 
february 2019 by juliusbeezer
Macron slides into authoritarian territory with new “anti-thug” law
Dubbed the “loi anti-casseur”, or “anti-thug law”, the text aims “to reinforce and guarantee law enforcement during protests”.

“Concealing one’s face without a legitimate motive” will, under the anti-thug law, be sanctioned by one year in prison and €15,000 in fines, he said. Anyone arrested will have to prove they had a good reason to be masked. The law also provides that “thugs” who break things will have to pay for them – even if they have not been obliged by a court to do so.

So let’s recap: any protester attending a march would, under this new law, be considered a potential suspect. Covering one’s face at a march (even as protection against tear gas) could result in a prison sentence. Breaking a window or a road sign could result in blacklisting on a list for wanted criminals. And representatives of the French executive branch will have the power to remove a citizen’s right to free assembly for a month, without any prior court decision.
france  politics  authoritarianism  police  law 
february 2019 by juliusbeezer
A strange irony: How the EU withdrawal process ended up saving the Human Rights Act | LSE BREXIT
Since the autumn of 2017 the European Parliament has been clear that an important component of a future EU-UK relationship would be the UK’s continued ECHR membership. In the summer of 2018 the European commission draft report on future security cooperation again made membership of the ECHR an essential condition. Theorists of international relations and international law have argued that one the core reasons for states joining the ECHR was to create a form of democratic lock-in where the rights contained in it and the frameworks designed to protect them would be locked in place, in part because it would be hard for states to leave the Convention. Although it is superficially easy for a country to leave the ECHR, an exit mechanism is contained in Article 58 of the Convention and there no direct economic consequences to a state for doing so, the ECHR’s interconnection with other European institutions creates a layer of political restraints constraining exit. The prospect of an exit agreement was clearly used as a lever by the European Parliament in their March 2018 resolution, which required any future trade agreement to be in “strict accordance” with EU values, effectively keeping the UK in the ECHR.

This could be important for securing the HRA’s future because there remains a significant political appetite for its repeal.
Brexit  law 
december 2018 by juliusbeezer
Merkel joins Macron in calling for a ‘real, true European army’ | World news | The Guardian
Solidarity also required a commitment to the rule of law, she said, a coded reference to member states, such as Poland and Hungary, that stand accused by the EU institutions of backsliding on democratic values.

She was speaking shortly after Romania was given an unusually strong rebuke by the commission for “backtracking” on the fight against corruption and the creation of fully independent judiciary.

One of the EU’s newest member states, Romania has been on the EU’s critical list, since new laws changing the judiciary and abolishing some anti-corruption offences were introduced last winter, sparking mass street protests.
eu  law  romania 
november 2018 by juliusbeezer
Dutch man, 69, starts legal fight to identify as 20 years younger | World news | The Guardian
A 69-year-old Dutch “positivity guru” who says he does not feel his age has started a battle to make himself legally 20 years younger on the grounds that he is being discriminated against on a dating app.

Emile Ratelband told a court in Arnhem in the Netherlands that he did not feel “comfortable” with his date of birth, and compared his wish to alter it to people who identified as transgender.

Ratelband said that due to having an official age that did not reflect his emotional state he was struggling to find both work and love. He has asked for his date of birth to be changed from 11 March 1949 to 11 March 1969.

“When I’m 69, I am limited. If I’m 49, then I can buy a new house, drive a different car,” he said. “I can take up more work. When I’m on Tinder and it says I’m 69, I don’t get an answer. When I’m 49, with the face I have, I will be in a luxurious position.”
sex  funny  ageing  law 
november 2018 by juliusbeezer
Most drivers in fatal collisions with cyclists avoid jail says Cycling UK research |
From 2007-17, in the areas covered by the 10 police forces that responded, 209 cyclist fatalities were recorded. Less than half, 86, resulted in a motorist being charged with causing death by careless or dangerous driving.

Of those, 66 were convicted, with just under half of them – 31 – receiving a custodial sentence.
cycling  deaths  uk  police  law 
november 2018 by juliusbeezer
Judicial Office Launches Investigation into Complaint over Fracking Judge with Alleged Oil and Gas Ties | DeSmog UK
An investigation has been launched into allegations the judge who handed three fracking protesters “manifestly excessive” jail sentences has family ties to the oil and gas industry.

Judge Robert Altham sentenced Simon Blevins, Richard Roberts and Richard Loizou to up to 16 months in prison after they were convicted by a jury of causing a public nuisance offence. The protesters had their sentences quashed in an appeal case last week.

Under the Judicial Code of Conduct, judges are expected to disclose personal relationships, social contacts and activities that could cause a bias or a conflict of interest and which put their impartiality into question.

In a statement, the Judicial Conduct Investigations Office (JCIO), an independent body which deals with judicial complaints of misconduct, has confirmed receiving a complaint regarding Judge Robert Altham and added that it will be considered in accordance with the Judicial Conduct Rules.
law  uk  energy  climatechange 
october 2018 by juliusbeezer
A Marseille, le carrossier provoquait lui-même les accidents
Après plus de 13 accidents en moins de deux ans, c'est l'assurance qui a flairé l'affaire de ce carrossier...

A bord de sa Clio, "une épave" selon nos confrères de la Provence qui relate l'audience au tribunal correctionnel de Marseille, ce carrossier de 41 ans jouait aux auto-tamponneuses près de son garage du 13ème arrondissement avant de faire des constats et proposer ses services.

L'artisan explique avoir monté le stratagème, dès 2012, pour sauver son entreprise du dépôt de bilan, faire grimper son chiffre d'affaires et payer ses salariés. Ainsi, deux ans, l'homme a provoqué 13 accidents, dont 11 de sa responsabilité, pour "refus de priorité". Son assurance, qui avait déjà remboursé 20.000 euros, a alors mené son enquête et a découvert le pot-aux roses.
driving  france  law  finance 
october 2018 by juliusbeezer
Sécurité des piétons : le code de la route évolue | Cerema
Le décret n°2018-795 du 17 septembre 2018 relatif à la sécurité routière, a renforcé les sanctions an cas d'infraction du non-respect des priorités accordées aux piétons: désormais 6 points seront retirés sur le permis de conduire au lieu de 4 auparavant. Cette mesure prend effet à partir du 18 septembre 2018.

L'Aarticle R415-11 est donc modifié comme suit :"Tout conducteur est tenu de céder le passage, au besoin en s'arrêtant, au piéton s'engageant régulièrement dans la traversée d'une chaussée ou manifestant clairement l'intention de le faire ou circulant dans une aire piétonne ou une zone de rencontre.
Le fait, pour tout conducteur, de ne pas respecter les règles de priorité fixées au présent article est puni de l'amende prévue pour les contraventions de la quatrième classe. Tout conducteur coupable de cette infraction encourt également la peine complémentaire de suspension, pour une durée de trois ans au plus, du permis de conduire, cette suspension pouvant être limitée à la conduite en dehors de l'activité professionnelle.
Cette contravention donne lieu de plein droit à la réduction de SIX POINTS du permis de conduire."
france  law  driving  walking 
september 2018 by juliusbeezer
Government opens dangerous and careless cycling law consultation |
Alliston, who had been riding a fixed wheel bike with no front brake when he collided with Mrs Briggs in 2016, fatally injuring her, was acquitted of manslaughter but found guilty of causing bodily injury through wanton or furious driving under the Offences Against the Person Act 1861.

The case led to calls for the law to be updated, rather than prosecutors having to rely on outdated legislation in such circumstances and last year the government announced that it was conducting a review of the law.

Announcing the consultation today, transport minister Jesse Norman, who has responsibility for cycling and walking, said: “In recent weeks we have announced a range of measures designed to protect vulnerable road users such as cyclists and pedestrians.

This campaign so obviously ludicrously misses the point, that it's worth considering why a political party would launch it.

The creation of narratives to distract from the central problem is an essential part of the new politics. First masterminded by the Russian political adviser Vladislav Surkov in the 1990s, the essence of the strategy is to create guff in the public attentional space that distracts from any meaningful action that would harm the financial interests of the oligarchs invested in the status quo.

A review of cycling laws is ideal: cyclists are a vocal minority who can be guaranteed to rise to the bait, generating a false debate that avoids the central issues. Meanwhile the 25% or so of the public who have difficulty distinguishing between the numbers 2 (pedestrians killed by cyclists) and 1700 (p̶e̶d̶e̶s̶t̶r̶i̶a̶n̶s̶ people killed by motorists) are left with the hazy impression in their wobbling jelly-brains that cycling is dangerous, cyclists are lawless killers (because why else would they be against this obviously sensible measure), and the party proposing action is protecting the public from a very real menace.


Don't feed the troll. Or if you can't resist, make sure you attack their cynical media strategy as you do so.
cycling  road_safety  uk  law  agnotology  dccomment 
august 2018 by juliusbeezer
Brexiters seem to forget that ‘no deal’ is not legally an option | Brendan Howlin | Opinion | The Guardian
It is tempting for some British politicians to argue that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed, but it is important to recall that the Good Friday agreement was signed in April 1998 and lodged with the United Nations as a formal treaty. Twenty years of relative peace and enhanced prosperity have followed, and it must surely be understandable that people on the island of Ireland are adamant that the agreement should not be a pawn in the Brexit negotiations, not least because Northern Ireland’s population voted remain.

The UK government committed on 8 December 2017 to “the avoidance of a hard border, including any physical infrastructure or related checks and controls”. Moreover, it also agreed to a backstop agreement, which means that in the absence of any other agreement “the United Kingdom will maintain full alignment with those rules of the internal market and the customs union which, now or in the future, support north-south cooperation, the all-island economy and the protection of the 1998 agreement”.

This solemn commitment must be honoured, and the EU negotiators have made it abundantly clear that until there is a robust solution for the Irish border, there will be no future agreement with the UK on trade.
Brexit  law  ireland 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
French school students to be banned from using mobile phones | World news | The Guardian
French school students will be banned from using mobile phones anywhere on school grounds from September, after the lower house of parliament passed what it called a “detox” law for a younger generation increasingly addicted to screens.
france  law  telephony  education  censorship 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
French MPs criticise 'hasty and ineffective' fake news law | World news | The Guardian
The law aims to identify and stop deliberately false information that is “massively” spread online in the three-month period before an election.

Most criticism has been focused on the section of the law that allows political parties or candidates to complain about an item of allegedly false or implausible information online and a judge will, within 48 hours, rule on it and can block the publication. The judge must decide whether the allegedly false information could determine the course of an election, and whether it has been massively and artificially spread online.
france  news  law  censorship  politics  internet  journalism 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
British driver clocked at 165mph during secret race in France | World news | The Guardian
“I respect the 130km/h limit in France, so at most I’ll do 150km/h,” he said.
france  law  uk  police  driving 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
I served 20 years for cannabis. Now the police are cashing in on it | Rosie Rowbotham | World news | The Guardian
I’ve never considered myself to be a marijuana activist. I wasn’t a campaigner for legalization: I was making big money, and legalization would have been bad for my business.
drugs  law  canada  cannabis 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
The Many Pitfalls of Cycling Fitness | Outside Online
That’s why I break traffic laws on a sliding scale. In an area with heavy motor vehicle traffic and absolutely no bicycle infrastructure, I’ll do whatever I need to do to stay safe. If I’m in suburban strip-mall hell, there’s no shoulder, and drivers are buzzing me like I’m a spy plane in their airspace, I’ll take to the sidewalk if I deem it necessary. However, if there are protected bike lanes and dedicated bicycle traffic signals and other acknowledgements of my existence, I’ll adhere as closely as possible to the letter of the law—not only because it’s safe and practical for me to do so, but also because I want to show my appreciation for a street design that says “You belong,” not “Adapt or die.”
cycling  pqpc  law  us 
april 2018 by juliusbeezer
BDS is the French exception to international boycotts – Middle East Monitor
Like Israel, France has started to criminalise BDS activities, even though there is a long history of international boycotts; against nuclear tests, for example, or the US invasion of Iraq, and the government in Paris never targeted those calling for such boycotts. Even in France, some calls for boycotts were well-supported; the anti-Apartheid movement against South Africa, for example, and against the military junta in Myanmar when it was in power. So why is France taking this stand against the anti-Israel BDS movement?

According to historian and Middle East expert Dominique Vidal, this can be explained by the size of the Jewish community in France, the largest outside Israel and the US, as well as its large North African community. “Israel-Palestine is thus a sensitive topic,” said Vidal. Indeed, the French government is determined to prevent the conflict from being imported into France. During Israel’s military offensive against Gaza in 2014, this was one of the arguments used to ban any demonstration in Paris in support of the Palestinians. It was, however, swept aside by BDS activist and former co-president of the French Jewish Union for Peace Jean-Guy Grielsamer: “What fuels anti-Semitism is banning BDS,” he countered. “It also assumes that all Jewish people are supporting Israel.” The number of French Jewish activists involved in the BDS movement “is not insignificant,” he added.
france  politics  law  freedom 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
Whose interests are the GMC really trying to serve in the Bawa-Garba case?
When I look at some of the arguments advanced in the Crown Court by both the defence and prosecution I cannot quite believe such arguments were part of criminal proceedings. A significant amount of them were technical points relating to the clinical assessment of shock. How has a junior doctor found themselves in the dock in criminal proceedings arguing that they were “correct to be cautious about introducing too much fluid into the [patient] because of his heart condition”? Together with the prosecution, in order to gain a conviction making points about capillary refill and high levels of lactate in the blood. It was also decided to to use Dr Bawa-Garba’s educational ePortfolio reflections against her, this will have a catastrophic effect on a future doctor’s ability to reflect openly and honestly about serious incidents and mistakes.
medicine  law  uk  healthcare 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Lactalis baby milk salmonella scandal affects 83 countries, CEO says | World news | The Guardian
Created in 1933 by Besnier’s grandfather, Lactalis has become an industry behemoth with annual sales of some €17bn (£15bn). Its products include Président butter, Société roquefort, and Galbani ricotta and mozzarella in Italy. It has 246 production sites in 47 countries.

Two of its brands, Picot and Milumel baby milk, were the subject of chaotic international recalls issued in mid-December after dozens of children fell sick.

The scandal deepened this month when French investigative weekly Le Canard Enchaine reported that state inspectors had given a clean bill of health to the Lactalis site in Craon, northwest France, in early September.

They failed to find the salmonella bacteria that had been detected by Lactalis’s own tests in August and November, which were not reported to the authorities. The company said it was not legally bound to report the contamination.
food  france  law 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
There’s a highly successful treatment for opioid addiction. But stigma is holding it back. - Vox
The research backs this up: Various studies, including systematic reviews of the research, have found that medication-assisted treatment can cut the all-cause mortality rate among addiction patients by half or more. Just imagine if a medication came out for any other disease — and, yes, health experts consider addiction a disease — that cuts mortality by half; it would be a momentous discovery.

“That is shown repeatedly,” Maia Szalavitz, a longtime addiction journalist and author of Unbroken Brain: A Revolutionary New Way of Understanding Addiction, told me. “There’s so much data from so many different places that if you add methadone or Suboxone in, deaths go down, and if you take it away, deaths go up.”
drugs  healthcare  law  us  culture 
december 2017 by juliusbeezer
Pays-Bas. Téléphoner au volant sera bientôt puni d’une peine de prison | Courrier international
D’après la VVN, l’association de prévention routière du pays, un quart des accidents de la route sont dus au smartphone. Elle plaide pour que leur utilisation soit punie de la même façon que la conduite en état d’ivresse.

À l’heure actuelle, l’utilisation d’un téléphone au volant aux Pays-Bas est passible d’une amende de 230 euros, qu’il s’agisse d’une conversation téléphonique ou de l’utilisation d’une appli. En France, on risque une amende de 135 euros ainsi que le retrait de 3 points de son permis de conduire
attention  driving  telephony  netherlands  france  law 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
En 2017, on continue à tuer sans aller en prison –
Quelle est la société qui permet de tuer des gens en toute impunité, sans passer par la case prison? Notre société automobile.

Aujourd’hui, il est fréquent d’écoper de prison ferme pour des vols ou du trafic de drogue et de pouvoir, par contre, rentrer tranquillement chez soi du tribunal alors qu’on a été jugé pour avoir tué des gens en voiture.

Cela paraît complétement aberrant, mais c’est pourtant la réalité du système judiciaire français.
crash_report  law  france  road_safety 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Sex Work Gives Me Anxiety — But For Me, It’s Better Than a Cubicle
I’ve become isolated in other ways too. I am a cold ocean away from most of my family, with whom I rarely speak. It feels wrong to manufacture a false life for them, when both my living and writing revolve around sex work. They may celebrate my writing, which appears in publications they might recognize, but would almost certainly regard the sex work that supported me to write it as distasteful and horrific...
And then there are the barriers to accessing healthcare. Risk of physical disease is low in my particular line of sex work, and anonymous clinics here test anyone who walks in the door. But if my National Health Service doctor were to learn that I do sex work, that information would go in my file. Colleagues of mine report that doctors can attach a number of stigma-laden assumptions to patients who they learn are sex workers. One reported that she could not get opiate pain medication after an operation, as her doctor feared she would sell or abuse the drugs. Another told me that her doctor refused to prescribe benzodiazepines for panic attacks, saying that if she wanted not to panic, she could stop doing sex work. So I keep my work to myself and lie to my doctor, rather than risk having to argue over my treatment.
sex  work  healthcare  law 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Uncategorized Archives - Craig Murray
No, the Catalan Parliament has been suspended because the Constitutional Court fears it may be about to vote in a way that the Spanish government does not like.

Note that it has not even done this yet. Nobody knows how its members will actually vote, until they vote. The Constitutional Court is suspending a democratically elected body in case it takes a democratic vote of its members.
law  spain  catalonia  humanrights 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Britain announces 15 years in prison for reading banned literature
British lawmakers have announced 15 years in prison for taking part of banned literature. However, the threat of prison only covers new story formats that lawmakers think don’t deserve the same kind of protection as old-fashioned books: it’s only people who watch video on the Internet who will be put in prison, and only when they watch something that promotes terrorism, whatever that means this week.
censorship  law  uk 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
UK's foremost libel lawyer sets his sights on Israel's enemies | The Times of Israel
“There’s a Jewish choice in life,” he continues. “You can either be the Jew that people want to pick on — or they can say, oh, typical Jews, so belligerent. I always think, well, if people don’t like me, at least I’ve hit them.”

Lewis takes a ruthless approach, believing that it’s necessary to be aggressive against anti-Semites on social media.

“Someone can be a Nazi, but at least [if they are taken to court] they can be a homeless Nazi,” he says. “I’m quite happy to take their homes off them. If these people would have rational debate, I would do that [instead], but they are nutters who have conspiratorial theories and I will never change their outlook.”
uk  law  journalism  freedom 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
We want to make our roads safer for everyone – especially cyclists | Discussion | The Guardian
but you'll deflect attention with endless whataboutery....

For all there are more cars on the road, covering much more distance, and hence more car related accidents, you'll struggle to find a driver causing an accident because he/she was using a track only machine on the road, one with insufficient and illegal braking...

The law is very big on intent, Alliston comes across as a fantasist, playing out his dreams on the road. Cycling activism encourages this, and is why it needs to be dealt with.
commenting  cycling  road_safety  law 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le blog Droit administratif | Demande d’abrogation de la norme contenue dans la décision du Conseil d’Etat rendue le 13 juillet 2016
« le principe de sécurité juridique, qui implique que ne puissent être remises en cause sans condition de délai des situations consolidées par l’effet du temps, fait obstacle à ce que puisse être contestée indéfiniment une décision administrative individuelle qui a été notifiée à son destinataire, ou dont il est établi, à défaut d’une telle notification, que celui-ci a eu connaissance ; qu’en une telle hypothèse, si le non-respect de l’obligation d’informer l’intéressé sur les voies et les délais de recours, ou l’absence de preuve qu’une telle information a bien été fournie, ne permet pas que lui soient opposés les délais de recours fixés par le code de justice administrative, le destinataire de la décision ne peut exercer de recours juridictionnel au-delà d’un délai raisonnable ; qu’en règle générale et sauf circonstances particulières dont se prévaudrait le requérant, ce délai ne saurait, sous réserve de l’exercice de recours administratifs pour lesquels les textes prévoient des délais particuliers, excéder un an à compter de la date à laquelle une décision expresse lui a été notifiée ou de la date à laquelle il est établi qu’il en a eu connaissance ».

Nous publions ici la demande d’abrogation de cette norme, adressée au Président de la République par le Professeur Frédéric Rolin, qui permet de discuter tant du bien fondé du principe ainsi dégagé que du statut de la jurisprudence.

[when you're banging your head on a brick wall, it might be a good idea to stop. See also bullshit, truthiness, and the unbearable verbosity of academic rebuttal]
france  law  writing  funny  attention 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Rule of Law (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
[top stuff from the Californie jurisprudence -rs]
The best known are the eight formal principles of Lon Fuller’s “inner morality of law”: (1964; see also the lists in Finnis 1980: 270–1; Rawls 1999: 208–10; and Raz 1979 [1977]: 214–18) generality; publicity; prospectivity; intelligibility; consistency; practicability; stability; and congruence. These principles are formal, because they concern the form of the norms that are applied to our conduct.

So for example, the requirement that laws be general in character, rather than aimed at particular individuals, is purely a matter of form.
law  writing  philosophy 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le Conseil d'État : Accueil
Good source of parallel legal texts from the France's supreme administrative court
law  france  translation 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
The FBI’s Hunt for Two Missing Piglets Reveals the Federal Cover-Up of Barbaric Factory Farms
The factory farm industry and its armies of lobbyists wield great influence in the halls of federal and state power, while animal rights activists wield virtually none. This imbalance has produced increasingly oppressive laws, accompanied by massive law enforcement resources devoted to punishing animal activists even for the most inconsequential nonviolent infractions — as the FBI search warrant and raid in search of “Lucy and Ethel” illustrates.

The U.S. government, of course, has always protected and served the interests of industry. Beginning when most of the nation was fed by small farms, federal agencies have been particularly protective of agricultural industry.
food  agriculture  us  law  spectacle  activism 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
They thought they were going to rehab. They ended up in chicken plants | Reveal
Sharon Cain runs the drug court in rural Stephens County and decides where to send defendants for treatment. She said state regulators don’t stop her from using CAAIR.

“I do what I wanna do. They don’t mess with me,” she said. “And I’m not saying that in a cocky way. They just know I’m going to do drug court the way I’ve always done it.”
drugs  prison  us  law  humanrights 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Self-determination - Wikipedia
The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.[1][2] It states that a people, based on respect for the principle of equal rights and fair equality of opportunity, have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no interference.
spain  politics  law  catalonia 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Commentary: As cyclists, this is what we're up against | CyclingTips
I regularly engage with educated people who angrily refute the underlying science behind Vision Zero — 20 years of data demonstrating that slowing down vehicular traffic saves lives — in a manner that calls to mind climate change deniers brushing aside melting icecaps and madcap hurricanes. I see legions of people complaining about naughty cyclists, seemingly inured to the human costs of distracted, drunk, drugged, speeding or otherwise law-breaking drivers.

The recent protests in Charlottesville, Virginia, illuminated how the expression of hate — especially about race but also about religion, sexuality, gender and even political orientation — suddenly has been normalized to a disturbing degree. I see a lot of that same hate directed toward cyclists, and an equally disturbing sense of apathy in the general public about that hate. This hate is dangerous and it has consequences.
cycling  road_safety  law  authoritarianism 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Scottish independence: the Queen makes rare comment on referendum | Politics | The Guardian
As David Cameron prepares to issue a warning in Scotland that a vote for independence will lead to a permanent split from the UK, campaigners for the union welcomed the Queen's remarks as a reminder of the monumental decision facing voters in Scotland.

The comments by the Queen came as she left Crathie Kirk near her Balmoral estate in Aberdeenshire after the Sunday morning service. The Queen told a well-wisher: "Well, I hope people will think very carefully about the future."

The Queen's remarks were interpreted by no campaigners as helpful to their cause. They were seen to tally with a warning the prime minister will deliver in Scotland on Monday, on his final visit north of the border before Thursday's vote, that a vote for independence would lead to an irrevocable break with the UK.
IndyRef  law  politics  uk 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
You're nicked: most common motoring offences revealed - Read Cars
One in three (34%) of drivers admitted to doing something illegal on the road in the last 14 days, while two out of three (64%) confessed to committing as many as five illegal acts in their vehicle a month – and of these, 72% were men.
road_safety  law  uk  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Lords of Misrule | Matt Stoller
By the mid-2000s, though, Sporkin’s Silver Age faded into brass—and got smeared with generous helpings of chickenshit. One of the chief villains here is Mary Jo White, who headed the Southern District before Jim Comey and trained Preet Bharara. When she was appointed to run the SEC in 2013, President Obama said that “You don’t want to mess with Mary Jo.” Like much of the pseudo-populist rhetoric of the Obama age, it was fake tough-guy talk; Mary Jo White was in fact a softie at the SEC, pulling back on the already fading agency’s disclosure rules. Before she took the reins, she had represented some of the key villains in the financial crisis. This in itself is not a disqualification; what is scandalous is that she was caught discussing a proposal to procure a private-sector job for the SEC official who was in charge of investigating one of her clients, then Morgan Stanley CEO John Mack. Sure enough, the official got his job at her law firm, and Mack was never charged. Everything about White, from Obama’s phony get-tough bluster, to White’s delusional sense of her own upstanding moral character in the face of rancid corruption, to the destruction of Sporkin’s legacy, is sickening beyond belief.
finance  law  us  politics 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
In Solidarity with Library Genesis and Sci-hub
We have the means and methods to make knowledge accessible to everyone, with no economic barrier to access and at a much lower cost to society. But closed access’s monopoly over academic publishing, its spectacular profits and its central role in the allocation of academic prestige trump the public interest. Commercial publishers effectively impede open access, criminalize us, prosecute our heroes and heroines, and destroy our libraries, again and again. Before Science Hub and Library Genesis there was or Gigapedia; before Gigapedia there was; before there was little; and before there was little there was nothing. That's what they want: to reduce most of us back to nothing. And they have the full support of the courts and law to do exactly that.
sciencepublishing  politics  law  openaccess 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
What to Do if You are Hit by an Uninsured or Untraced Driver
Being in an accident with an uninsured or untraceable driver is understandably frustrating. According to one survey, there were approximately 1.2 million uninsured drivers on the road in 2013 so it’s no wonder accidents involving uninsured drivers are so common. In the UK, third party insurance is the legal minimum insurance required and this covers injuries or damages to other people and vehicles if you’re in an accident.
driving  law  uk 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Torture: On the Wrong Side of History - Los Angeles Review of Books
in 1946, the US Government executed Japanese soldiers for waterboarding American prisoners of war. In January 1968, the Washington Post ran a front-page photograph of a US soldier waterboarding a North Vietnamese prisoner. On the same day that the photo was published, then-Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara ordered an investigation. The soldier was later arrested, charged with torture, tried, and convicted. So: Waterboarding was illegal and punishable by death in 1946. It was illegal in 1968. The law never changed. Mitchell, the CIA, and the Bush administration simply pretended that the issue had never been decided.

And it wasn’t just US law that prohibited what the CIA was about to do. It was also the United Nations. The United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment — of which the United States was the primary author and an original signatory — specifically defined and banned anything approaching “enhanced interrogation techniques.”
torture  law 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
No. 161 Traffic-law enforcement & its relationship with risk of death from crashes - Travelwest
Before the crashes, the lifetime driving-conviction history of the entire group of licensed drivers accounted for 21,501 convictions, most commonly for speeding without penalty points (6682 convictions) or speeding with penalty points (6493 convictions). More than 10 million people were studied for longer than a decade. Conviction of drivers for traffic offences reduced the rate of fatal crashes. Each conviction led to a 35% decrease in the relative risk of death over the next month for drivers and other road users; conversely, each conviction not issued led to a corresponding increase in risk. The findings also imply that increasing the frequency of traffic enforcement might further reduce total deaths, and that emphasis of moderate penalties (around three points) is useful as a deterrent to traffic violations.
road_safety  law 
june 2017 by juliusbeezer
Operation Close Pass in Gloucestershire – Blog | Gloucestershire Road Safety
The majority of us feel that, in current conditions, it’s just too scary to mix with motor traffic on a bike. That perception is greater for women and older people so the conditions are effectively discriminating against them making those choices.
cycling  police  law  uk  psychology 
june 2017 by juliusbeezer
Using AI to Predict Criminal Offending: What Makes it ‘Accurate’, and What Makes it ‘Ethical’. | Practical Ethics
Crucially, the optimal balance between false positives and false negative will depend on the social and political context in which the assessment tool is used. It depends, for example, on the detention practices of the jurisdiction in which the assessment is being carried out: the more harmful or restrictive the detention is likely to be to a detainee, the more important it becomes to avoid false positive assessments of risk.

To illustrate, it could be argued that in countries with inhumane detention practices, reductions in false positives should be prioritised over reductions in false negatives. Conversely, if the assessment is carried out in a high-crime area with humane detention practices, there is a case for prioritising the avoidance of false negatives.
philosophy  crime  programming  law 
june 2017 by juliusbeezer
En France, un million de personnes n’ont pas accès à l’eau
La loi sur l’eau de 2006 avait déjà prévu que chaque personne a le « droit » d’accéder à l’eau potable « dans des conditions économiquement acceptables », mais cette loi n’a pas précisé comment rendre le prix de l’eau abordable. Autrement dit, à ce jour, ce droit à l’eau est en vigueur pour tous… sauf pour les plus pauvres que la loi aurait pourtant dû protéger.

Avec l’augmentation progressive du prix de l’eau et la création de fortes disparités entre les tarifs des services de l’eau, plusieurs centaines de milliers de ménages ne sont plus en mesure de payer leur eau. Ils sont contraints de choisir entre se priver de nourriture, de soins de santé, tarder à payer l’eau, voire à ne pas la payer du tout. Dans certaines collectivités, la situation est dramatique, car l’eau y est vendue au double du prix moyen national...

La solution aux problèmes économiques de l’accès à l’eau pour tous consiste à maîtriser le coût du service public de l’eau, à moduler les tarifs et à distribuer des aides qui allègent le prix du service pour les usagers les plus démunis. Une proposition de loi à ce sujet adoptée il a un an par l’Assemblée nationale a été rejetée le 22 février 2017 par le Sénat.
water  france  law  politics 
june 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cyclists Break the Law to Stay Safe, Study Finds | Bicycling
The top-line finding? More than 70 percent of the time, when cyclists break traffic laws, they do so because they feel they need to in order to stay safe. Drivers, meanwhile, break traffic laws at an equal or even higher rate, but do so most often (77 percent of the time) to save time.

As you might imagine, young males are the most prolific scofflaws. But the data produces some heartening results: Most of us (85 percent) are either entirely law-abiding or engage only in minor infringements, which the authors define as those of minimal risk or potential conflict with other road users. An example might be rolling a four-way stop sign when no traffic is present (a maneuver called the Idaho Stop, which is actually legal in that state).
cycling  law  road_safety 
june 2017 by juliusbeezer
Free Speech and Hate Speech – Extra Newsfeed
the argument that bans on hate speech violate the basic principles of free speech, and that doing so threatens democracy itself. I subscribed to that idea myself until a few years ago, when I had to work on real problems involving speech policy; what I learned is that Samudzi is completely right.
Hate speech and harassment (which is the personal, rather than group-focused, cousin of hate speech) impose costs on others for speaking. In so doing, they limit speech to those most able to pay those costs. This is the simple secret behind harassment campaigns, especially ones on the Internet.
humanrights  law  racism  feminism 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cyclist knocked down by van settles High Court action for €3m
In the High Court on Tuesday, his counsel, Michael Byrne SC, told the judge that liability in the case was conceded.

The settlement also took into account Mr Doroscan was not wearing a cycle helmet, counsel said.

While a helmet was not legally required, that issue had to be taken in to account in the assessment of the case and would account for about 20 per cent contributory negligence on the part of Mr Doroscan.
crash_report  helmetlaw  helmetwars  ireland  law 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cyclist’s brain injury award cut by €750k because he wore no helmet - Sticky Bottle
A cyclist who suffered a brain injury when he was hit by a Dublin van driver has been awarded €3 million.

However, the court was told that the injured man was deemed to have contributed 20 per cent of the negligence to the collision.

That percentage was reflected in the settlement he received, meaning the full sum he would have been awarded was €3.75 million.

The court heard while helmets were not a legal requirement for cyclists in Ireland, the absence of one could still be factored into the calculation of liability and damages in such cases.
crash_report  helmetwars  helmetlaw  dccomment  ireland  law 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le pouvoir s’acharne contre le journaliste Gaspard Glanz
Le journaliste Gaspard Glanz était poursuivi pour "injures publiques" à l’encontre de policiers. Le tribunal de Rennes l’a relaxé au nom de la liberté de la presse. Mais le procureur a décidé de faire appel de cette décision, poursuivant l’acharnement dont est victime notre confrère, qui a aussi collaboré à Reporterre. Voici le communiqué publié le 6 mai par ses avocats :

« Le journaliste Gaspard Glanz, fondateur et gérant de l’agence de presse Taranis News, est confronté à un acharnement judiciaire et politique d’une rare intensité.

Fiché « S » pour atteinte à la sûreté de l’État, visé par la loi sur l’état d’urgence, poursuivi par les procureurs de la République de plusieurs villes, Gaspard Glanz est manifestement ciblé par le pouvoir. Son travail serait-il si dérangeant ?
police  france  law  journalism 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cycling and the Justice System |
During early 2017 we conducted an inquiry called ‘Cycling and the Justice System’.

The select committee styled enquiry took evidence from cycling organisations, lawyers, road safety campaigners, the police and members of the general public on whether the current judicial system is serving all cyclists...
The report made 14 recommendations:

* The Highway Code should be revised

* The driving test must be changed to help improve driver behaviour towards cyclists

* Professional drivers should be retested more frequently

* Roads policing should be given a higher priority
cycling  politics  law  uk 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Article 16 de la Constitution de la Cinquième République française — Wikipédia
— Article 16 de la Constitution, version en vigueur depuis le 23 juillet 20082

Note : Cet article fut originellement (et le reste) publié avec une faute de grammaire3. Le mot « menacés » devrait en effet s'écrire « menacées ».
français  grammar  funny  law 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Strict liability in the Netherlands | BICYCLE DUTCH
When art. 185 WVW is applicable, it means the motor vehicle user is liable for financial damage, unless that driver can prove the incident was caused by circumstances beyond his/her control. That will be hard, because the driver must then prove he/she drove flawless, or that his/her mistake was not the cause of the incident. If the mistake leading to the incident was made by the non-motorised road user, that mistake has to be so unlikely, that a motor vehicle user could not reasonably have considered it to happen. Failing to give way or jumping a red light (deliberately or by mistake) are not such unlikely events, they happen regularly, so drivers are not granted ‘circumstances beyond control’ very often.
netherlands  law  cycling  driving  strictliability 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Greenpeace fined under Lobbying Act in 'act of civil disobedience' | Politics | The Guardian
Greenpeace has become the first organisation to be fined under the government’s Lobbying Act which critics warned would silence legitimate campaign groups.

Ministers said the legislation, dubbed the “gagging law” by charities, would hold corporate lobbyists to account when it was introduced in 2014.

But the act has faced intense criticism from civil society groups which have repeatedly warned that the restrictions it imposes on spending during an election would hamper the activities of legitimate groups.

Greenpeace says those fears have been borne out after the charity revealed it had been fined £30,000 for refusing to register as a “third-party campaigning organisation” in the run-up to the 2015 election...

“Now Britain is going into a second general election regulated by a law that does little to stop powerful companies exerting secret influence in the corridors of power while gagging charities and campaign groups with millions of members. If the last election is anything to go by it will have a chilling effect on groups trying to raise important issues.”
politics  uk  agnotology  law 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le combat d'un avocat pour les victimes | Collard&Associés
« Je me suis consacrée à la défense exclusive des victimes parce que j’ai connu la détresse, le désarroi de cette situation. Il y a trente ans, une de mes filles naissait handicapée à vie par la faute d’un médecin. Il y a quinze ans, j’étais gravement blessée dans un accident de voiture. Depuis, je tente de me battre contre l’irresponsabilité et le malheur. Contre l’indifférence de certains magistrats. Contre l’exploitation des victimes par des assureurs plus pressés d’encaisser des primes que d’indemniser.

J’ai rassemblé autour de moi quelques collaborateurs et associés partageant la même révolte et le même goût de l’indépendance. Et surtout la même attention à la souffrance des victimes. Avec eux je mène ce combat devant les tribunaux, sur les ondes des radios et des télévisions, dans des livres, dans les sessions de formation des magistrats, aux cotés des associations de victimes.

J’ai créé ce site Internet pour tenter d’apporter une première aide, une première réponse à des questions que l’on se pose dans l’urgence quand le malheur vient vous frapper. En souhaitant qu’il épargne aux victimes les pièges et les erreurs qui les menacent. » Me Jehanne Collard.
france  law  road_safety 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
The law for cyclists hit by vehicle doors | Cyclists’ Defence Fund
A gap in the law was highlighted in 2012 when Kenan Aydogdu was charged and tried for manslaughter in 2012 for the death of cyclist, Sam Harding, after he opened a car door into his path. Mr Aydogdu parked his car next to a bus lane which was shared by cyclists. He opened his door, hitting Mr Harding, who was flung into the path of a bus which was following him. The cyclist went under the wheels and was crushed. Mr Aydogdu had added a very high level of tint to his car windows which reduced visibility to 17%. He also admitted he had made a mistake by not looking in his mirror.

Mr Aydogdu was charged with manslaughter. Although the death involved a car, Mr Aydogdu could not be charged with Causing Death by Dangerous Driving as he was not driving. The jury took just over an hour to find Mr Aydogdu not guilty of manslaughter. As there was no other appropriate offence which he could have been charged with, he received no punishment or penalty. Clearly this shows a gap in the law which needs to be addressed.
cycling  dooring  crash_report  uk  law 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Chris Boardman 'dismayed' after driver accused of killing cyclist is cleared - Cycling Weekly
“In any other activity we would not sit back and accept that certain actions or mistakes will inevitably cause the death of others. The police and CPS need to look carefully at this case to consider how the process of investigation and prosecution can be improved.”

Mason’s family also expressed their concern and disappointment at the verdict. His daughter, Anna Tatton-Brown, said in a statement on Thursday: “It seems that failing to be aware of what’s in front of you while you’re driving is an acceptable mistake, not careless, and that no explanation for that failure is necessary.”
cycling  law  uk 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
AM - US strikes on Syria were illegal warn international law experts 08/04/2017
ELIZABETH JACKSON: Whatever the motivation for the attack on Syria, international law experts today are warning that the US strikes were, in fact, illegal. Ben Saul is a professor of international law at the University of Sydney.

BEN SAUL: It's pretty clear that the strikes are illegal under international law, because they're not a use of force in self-defence, or with the authorisation of the Security Council, which are the only two circumstances in which the use of military force is legal under the United Nations Charter of 1945.
war  law  syria 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Italy Proposes Astonishingly Sensible Rules To Regulate Government Hacking Using Trojans | Techdirt
A Telephone Wiretapping Warrant is required to listen a Whatsapp call.

A Remote Search and Seizure Warrant is required to acquire files on remote devices.

An Internet Wiretapping Warrant is required to record web browsing sessions.

The same kind of warrant that would be required for planting a physical audio surveillance bug is required to listen to the surrounding environment with the device’s microphone.

Those kinds of legal safeguards are welcome,
security  surveillance  law  italy 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Middle finger councillor who ran cyclists off road fined |
Back in the old days—about three hours ago—this thread contained 28 comments, some lavishly illustrated. The site's lawyers—and Parish Councillor Atkinson—are surely happier with it now.
cycling  law  censorship  commenting  dccomment 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
At £131,000, Katie Hopkins should realise trolling on Twitter is an expensive hobby - The i newspaper online iNews
Monroe sued for libel, claiming that the suggestion created by the two tweets, to the effect that she supported the desecration of war memorials, was defamatory and had caused serious harm to her reputation. Hopkins, rejecting an offer to settle and refusing to apologise, fought. She, unlike Monroe, did not give evidence during the hearing, depriving Monroe’s barristers of what would have no doubt been some corking cross-examination, but arguments were made on her behalf. Unfortunately for her, following the form book, she lost.

The Judge had little trouble in finding that the tweets had a “defamatory tendency” – that is to say, that they would have “tended to have a substantially adverse effect on the way that right-thinking members of society would treat” Monroe...
Taking the evidence into account, including Monroe’s evidence of abuse she had suffered as a consequence of the tweets, the Judge found that serious harm had been caused to her reputation, and real and substantial injury caused to feelings, and awarded £24,000 in damages. And that’s not the worst of it. The costs bill looks set to be gargantuan. £107,000 in costs has been ordered to be paid by Hopkins on account pending a full assessment, which may well see that figure climb even higher. Estimates of £300,000 have been tossed around, and that’s before you factor in Hopkins’ own legal costs.
law  uk  twitter 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Who Has Greater Rights, Somebody Driving a BMW or a Skoda?
The Highway Code has lots of fiddly facts, but all can be boiled down to two basic concepts. “Always be considerate towards others,” is the first, and has been in the Highway Code since its inception in 1931. The second is “whatever is in front of you travelling the same way has priority.”

And that goes for whatever is in front of you, whether that’s a horse, a car, a bus, somebody on a bike, somebody on foot, or a roadside disposals operative tipping rubbish into a bin lorry.
cycling  driving  law  dccomment 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
ACLU to Obama: You Can't Just Vaporize Americans Without Judicial Process | Mother Jones
The ACLU's lawsuit isn't about drones, even though drones were used in all three killings in question. Instead, it's about targeted killings more broadly, including those carried out by drone strikes and those performed by elite American military units. The lawsuit contends that the United States government violated the constitutional rights of the three men by killing them without court review outside of an active war zone.
drones  law  us 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
ACLU Sues For Release Of Justice Department Ethics Report On "Torture Memo" Lawyers | American Civil Liberties Union
The American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit today to compel the Department of Justice (DOJ) to make public a report from the DOJ’s Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR) that examines possible ethics violations by the lawyers who wrote the Bush administration’s “torture memos.” The ACLU filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request in December seeking the release of the report, which Attorney General Eric Holder said in late November would be released imminently.
us  torture  law  ethics 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
La France doit interroger sa doctrine du maintien de l’ordre
La mise en place, quelques mois après la mort de Rémi Fraisse, d’une commission d’enquête à l’Assemblée nationale sur les modalités du maintien de l’ordre devait permettre une réflexion sur l’usage de la force en manifestation. Une majorité de députés de cette commission, socialistes et membres de l’opposition de droite, en ont jugé autrement. Il est encore temps que le quinquennat se termine en donnant un signal fort à des populations confrontées à un état d’exception qui renforce ce qu’un ex-Premier ministre a nommé « un apartheid territorial, social, ethnique ».

Cette démarche prend tout son sens au moment où, mercredi 25 janvier, sera discuté au Sénat un projet de loi qui prévoit d’aligner les capacités de riposte de la police sur celles de la gendarmerie, c’est-à-dire d’instaurer un permis de tuer. Cette loi ne fera qu’alimenter l’état d’exception permanent et renforcera la loi du 3 juin 2016, qui a intégré dans le droit commun les dispositions de l’état d’urgence. Il faut mettre un terme à cette dérive sécuritaire à l’américaine ; c’est une question de justice, de dignité et de démocratie. Mais c’est aussi une question d’efficacité. Une société dans laquelle prime l’État de droit est mieux armée pour répondre aux périls qu’un État de suspicion, fondé sur des pratiques discriminatoires et un discours de guerre. Ce n’est pas une question morale, mais un choix de société.
justice  law  france  politics  police 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
Jack Straw and UK government should face kidnap and torture claims, court rules | World news | The Guardian
Three days after that, a second Libyan dissident, Sami al-Saadi, was bundled on to a plane in Hong Kong and taken to Tripoli in a joint British-Libyan rendition operation. Saadi’s wife and four children were also kidnapped and taken to Libya. The youngest was a girl aged six. The family was incarcerated: Saadi and Belhaj were held for more than six years, and say they were subjected to torture throughout this time.

Evidence of MI6 involvement in the Libyans’ ordeal emerged in correspondence with Allen that was found inside the abandoned office of Koussa, Gaddafi’s foreign minister and former intelligence chief, after the regime fell.

Among the papers that were discovered was a fax signed by Allen, then head of counter-terrorism, in which he made clear that the agency had supplied the intelligence that made it possible for the couple to be located and detained.

Last July, the Crown Prosecution Service decided there was insufficient evidence to prosecute Allen, despite concluding that he had been in contact with the US and Libya and that he had “sought political authority for some of his actions”.

The Scotland Yard officers who investigated the affair were said to be furious at the decision, and Belhaj’s lawyers said they would be seeking permission to mount a judicial review.
torture  uk  law 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Assassinats ciblés : « Messieurs les Français, tirez les derniers ! »
Pour mieux comprendre ce phénomène, il faut tout d’abord noter que cette pratique, si elle est nouvelle en France, est devenue la routine dans d’autres démocraties occidentales.
law  france  drones  dccomment 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Orvault. Où est allé le conducteur avant l'accident mortel ?. Info -
la brigade des accidents et des délits routiers (BADR) du commissariat central chercher à cerner au plus près les circonstances du drame.
road_safety  law  police  france 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Six Volkswagen executives charged with fraud over emissions cheating | Business | The Guardian
Six former Volkswagen executives are being charged over their alleged roles in the 2015 emissions scandal, as the company admits liability and is ordered to pay a record $4.3bn (£3.5bn) penalty, US officials have said.

The men are accused of running a near decade-long conspiracy during their time at the firm and are being charged with conspiracy to defraud the United States, violations of the Clean Air Act, and wire fraud, the US attorney general Loretta Lynch said on Wednesday.

“These individuals all held positions of significant responsibility at VW, including overseeing the company’s engine development division and serving on the company’s management board,” she said, adding that they had “seriously abused those positions”.
VWgate  us  law 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Un « ami Facebook » n’est pas automatiquement un « ami », selon la Cour de cassation
La Cour de cassation a rendu publique, jeudi 5 janvier, une réponse toute juridique à cette question, estimant dans un arrêt que « le terme d’“ami” employé pour désigner les personnes qui acceptent d’entrer en contact par les réseaux sociaux ne renvoie pas à des relations d’amitié au sens traditionnel du terme ». Comme le rappelle le professeur de droit Bruno Dondero, la Cour avait été saisie du dossier d’un avocat au barreau de Paris, visé par une procédure disciplinaire. Ce dernier avait été sanctionné par le Conseil de l’ordre des avocats, mais il contestait cette décision, arguant notamment que des membres de la formation l’ayant sanctionné étaient « amis Facebook » avec des personnes impliquées dans le dossier, dont la plaignante.
facebook  france  law 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Eric Holder’s Longtime Excuse for Not Prosecuting Banks Just Crashed and Burned
The report — the result of a three-year investigation — shows that aggressive attorneys did want to prosecute HSBC, but Holder overruled them.

In September 2012, the Justice Department’s Asset Forfeiture and Money Laundering Section (AFMLS) formally recommended that HSBC be prosecuted for its numerous financial crimes.

The history: From 2006 to 2010, HSBC failed to monitor billions of dollars of U.S. dollar purchases with drug trafficking proceeds in Mexico. It also conducted business going back to the mid-1990s on behalf of customers in Cuba, Iran, Libya, Sudan, and Burma, while they were under sanctions. Such transactions were banned by U.S. law.
finance  crime  law 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
10 arguments contre l’obligation du port du casque à vélo | L'interconnexion n'est plus assurée
[Mise à jour, décembre 2016. Le casque sera obligatoire à vélo pour les enfants de moins de 12 ans à partir du 1er janvier 2017. Les arguments développés ci-dessous contre cette obligation (et non contre le port du casque, ce n’est pas la même chose) demeurent valables.]

Faut-il obliger les personnes se déplaçant à vélo à porter un casque ? C’est le souhait du sénateur Hervé Maurey (UDI, Eure), qui a déposé une proposition de loi en ce sens en février 2016. Depuis, la controverse alimente les gazettes, les radios et les conversations, et le sénateur lui-même confie qu’il ne s’attendait pas à cette soudaine heure de gloire. Le débat n’est pas nouveau et il a, d’une certaine manière, déjà été tranché plusieurs fois. Voici 10 arguments contre l’obligation de porter un casque à vélo.
cycling  france  law  helmetwars 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Victoire de la Loi Biodiversité | Intelligence Verte
Cela signifie que toutes les associations Loi 1901 pourront désormais donner, échanger et vendre des semences de variétés du domaine public *, qu'elles soient inscrites ou non inscrites au "catalogue officiel", à des jardiniers amateurs. Seules les exigences sanitaires de la réglementation sur le commerce des semences resteront applicables.

De nombreuses associations vont pouvoir bénéficier de ces dispositions et les petites entreprises qui ne pourraient jouir de cette dérogation seront amenées à créer des associations pour distribuer des variétés "hors catalogue".

Les jardiniers vont désormais avoir accès à une gamme très étendue de graines, aux goûts, aux formes et aux couleurs bien plus diversifiées qu'auparavant
france  law  food  agriculture  agroecology 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
The essence of education - The Hindu
In a crucial paragraph the judges clearly state: “In the context of teaching and use of copyrighted material, the fairness in the use can be determined on the touchstone of ‘extent justified by the purpose’. In other words, the utilization of the copyrighted work would be a fair use to the extent justified for purpose of education. It would have no concern with the extent of the material used, both qualitative or quantitative. The reason being, ‘to utilize’ means to make or render useful. To put it differently, so much of the copyrighted work can be fairly used which is necessary to effectuate the purpose of the use i.e. make the learner understand what is intended to be understood.”

The significance of this interpretation is that it explicitly rejects the adoption of American standards (the four factor test) into Indian copyright law and grounds the principle of fairness within a philosophy of education, rejecting any claim that there should be either a quantitative or a qualitative restriction imposed. The significance of not laying down any restriction will be best appreciated by anyone who has encountered higher education in any Western university where teachers and students face severe constraints because of quantitative restrictions which can have debilitating effects. Consider, for instance, a rule which says that not more than 10 per cent of a work can be reproduced for education. While the publishers have primarily advanced a single example in the entire case (namely the reproduction of chapters or books in course packs), if such a quantitative restriction were applied in the case of a poem, or a photograph it would have ridiculous consequences.
copyright  education  law  fairuse 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
UK's new Snoopers' Charter just passed an encryption backdoor law by the backdoor • The Register
In short, what the law's passage through Parliament has done to the UK government's ability to force tech companies and telcos to introduce backdoors into their technologies is make it slower and a little tougher.

Does it prevent the UK government from breaking encryption? It absolutely does not. In fact, it foresees it.

Does it mean that customers will be made aware that their communications and traffic are compromised by a backdoor? No, it does not. All of the checks and balances are safely contained within the upper levels of government and the judiciary.
uk  politics  law  surveillance  security 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Nort-sur-Erdre. Prison ferme pour le conducteur énervé « Article « L'Éclaireur
Prison ferme pour le conducteur énervé
Il avait collé une automobiliste et lui avait fait une queue de poisson : il a pris 8 mois ferme...
Un automobiliste de 22 ans a été condamné mardi soir par le tribunal correctionnel de Nantes à huit mois de prison ferme, sans aménagement de peine dans l’immédiat, pour des « violences avec arme » sur deux jeunes femmes qui le précédaient en voiture à Nort-sur-Erdre le 1er juillet dernier. « L’arme » de cet homme était en fait la Renault Clio de son père, avec laquelle il avait « collé » les deux automobilistes. Ces deux soeurs – qui roulaient à 50 km/h, la vitesse maximale autorisée à cet endroit sur cette route départementale – avaient aussi reçu une bouteille après qu’il leur ait fait une queue-de-poisson.
driving  law  france 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Jeremy Corbyn Urged By Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) To Discipline MPs Who Back Anti-Blair Motion | The Huffington Post
The Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) asked Corbyn to defeat an SNP motion, which calls for an investigation of the former Prime Minister for allegedly misleading Parliament over his case for the 2003 war.

The motion, which has the backing of the Greens and Plaid Cymru, declares that the Chilcot Inquiry’s release of Blair’s “I’ll be with you whatever” note to George Bush proved that he misled MPs about his intentions...

Among those who agreed on the stronger whipping were members of the frontbench, including Keir Starmer and Barry Gardiner, Labour sources told HuffPost UK
iraq  politics  uk  law  chilcot 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Délit d’entrave à l’IVG : Mgr Pontier en appelle directement au président
Contre l’extension du délit d’entrave à l’interruption volontaire de grossesse (IVG) inscrit dans une proposition de loi de la majorité, l’Eglise catholique a recours aux grands moyens. Le président de la Conférence des évêques de France (CEF), Mgr Georges Pontier, a écrit à François Hollande pour lui demander de ne pas laisser « arriver à son terme » ce texte législatif qui doit être examiné par les députés jeudi 1er décembre. Une telle initiative épistolaire est d’autant plus marquante qu’elle est rare.

Dans une lettre datée du 22 novembre mais rendue publique par l’épiscopat lundi soir 28 novembre, l’archevêque de Marseille, reconnu pour sa pondération, fait la critique en règle d’une proposition de loi qui, à ses yeux, porte « une atteinte très grave aux principes de la démocratie ». Ce texte, qui, souligne à deux reprises Mgr Pontier, « rela[ie] une initiative gouvernementale », vise à permettre la fermeture de sites Internet qui porteraient « des allégations ou une présentation faussées » pour en réalité dissuader des femmes enceintes de recourir à une IVG.

Lire aussi : Le gouvernement veut étendre le délit d’entrave à l’IVG à Internet
humanrights  law  france 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
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