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juliusbeezer : reading   16

The Digital-Humanities Bust - The Chronicle of Higher Education
A similar shortfall is evident when digital humanists turn to straight literary criticism. "Distant reading," a method of studying novels without reading them, uses computer scanning to search for "units that are much smaller or much larger than the text" (in Franco Moretti’s words) — tropes, at one end, genres or systems, at the other...
Distant readers are not wrong to say that no human being can possibly read the 3,346 novels that Matthew L. Jockers, an associate professor of English at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, has machines do in Macroanalysis: Digital Methods and Literary History (University of Illinois Press, 2013). But they never really say why they think computers can. Compared with the brute optical scanning of distant reading, human reading is symphonic — a mixture of subliminal speaking, note-taking, savoring, and associating.
reading  digitalhumanities  corpus  humanities  funny 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Vincent Goulet, Médias et classes populaires. Les usages ordinaires des informations
Sa contribution, issue d’une thèse de sociologie préparée sous la direction de Patrick Champagne et saluée par le Prix de la recherche 2009 de l’Inathèque de France, est triplement innovante. D’abord, une approche des médias par les usages, qui met en oeuvre une démarche rarement pratiquée en France, l’étude de réception : l’auteur se donne alors les moyens d’éviter un « médiacentrisme » très commun qui, axé sur les seuls producteurs et productions, en infère des effets...
L’ouvrage structuré en trois parties (« Sociabilités populaires et circulations des informations » ; « Les fonctions sociales et identitaires des informations » ; « Construction du jugement et compétence politique populaires ») fait voyager le lecteur des lieux et pratiques de sociabilité populaire, vers les usages sociaux, et notamment identitaires des informations, pour aboutir aux productions et appropriations populaires des informations médiatiques, notamment politiques. Ce riche tableau de la culture médiatique populaire ouvre de nombreuses pistes de réflexion. On peut, à titre d’exemples, en retenir trois qui se présentent comme autant de réfutations de lieux communs sur les pratiques médiatiques et populaires, et contribuent salutairement à renouveler la sociologie des médias, la sociologie du populaire et la sociologie politique.
sociology  media  reading  theory  hermeneutics  réception 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Masters Review | “How To Shit” by Ottessa Moshfegh
I don’t like talking about “how to write fiction.” I don’t like “craft” terms. Discussions about craft reinforce what feels to me to be an institutionalized paradigm for fiction dictated by the publishing industry...

Boredom is a symptom of denial, I thought. A bored person is a coward, essentially. So I conceived of a character trapped by social mores, who plumbs the depths of her own delusions and does something incredibly brave; I thought that would be fun for the kind of audience I was writing to. Thus Eileen was born...

you could say that I participated in the paradigm I’m so critical of. I drank the Kool-Aid. I ate the shit. But my aim was to shit out new shit. And so in writing, I think a lot about how to shit. What kind of stink do I want to make in the world? My new shit becomes the shit I eat. I learn by digesting my own delusions. It’s often very disgusting. The process requires as much self-awareness and honesty as I’m capable of having. It requires the courage to be hostile and contradictory. My creativity seems to gain traction out of this relationship with reality: I hate you, I hate myself, I love myself, you love me, I love you, I hate you, ad infinitum. I am interested in my own hypocrisy. It provides the turbulence for me to change.
writing  literature  reading 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
VersoBooks.com
WikiLeaks specializes in publishing, curating, and ensuring easy access to full online archives of information that has been censored or suppressed, or is likely to be lost. An understanding of our historical record enables self-determination; publishing and ensuring easy access to full archives, rather than just individual documents, is central to preserving this historical record. Since publishing Cablegate, WikiLeaks has continued to work to make PlusD the most complete online archive of US Department of State documents, adding to the library each year with newly available cables and other documents from the State Department communications system. It can be accessed through a set of specially developed search interfaces at https://wikileaks.org/plusd.
reading  research  writing  wikileaks  agnotology  attention  journalism  history  archiving 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Writing for an academic audience | OUPblog
Completing multitudinous years of education presumably encourages people to juxtapose one esoteric word after another in order to fabricate convoluted paragraphs formulated of impressively, extensively elongated and erudite sentences. To put it another way: completing many years of education encourages people to write complex paragraphs full of long sentences composed of long words.

What we may not do is consider whether the audiences for our writing will be willing and able to read and understand what we write. In other words, aim for readability. The first step is to identify what your audience needs to know. The next step is to incorporate principles that enable you to tell your audience what they need to know clearly, simply, and concisely.

In reality, most of us are both creators and recipients of needlessly complicated prose.
reading  writing  editing 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Dating Without Kundera (Idle Words)
I fully recognize the important role of the dating book, that is, the carefully selected work you lend a prospective lover sometime in the golden honeymoon period between your second cup of coffee together and the first time you spend a night in the same bed without touching. In that short window of time, your partner is still a delicious mystery to you, an enigmatic and discerning being, and to her you are a dark continent of adventure and excitement, waiting to be explored. And so you lend her books that are funny, playful, and good subway reading, but also complex enough to hint at your Hidden Depths. Something unusual is a plus, as are lots of sexy bits, to serve as a reminder of the animal fires that burn within. And since you don't yet know one another too well, you try to choose a shotgun of a book that fires a wide pattern, thematically speaking. Like an early physicist studying the atom, you will hurl little bits of culture at your new love and collect valuable data about her inner life by observing the way they bounce off.
reading  literature  funny 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
What you read matters more than you might think — Quartz
what students read in college directly affects the level of writing they achieve. In fact, researchers found that reading content and frequency may exert more significant impacts on students’ writing ability than writing instruction and writing frequency. Students who read academic journals, literary fiction, or general nonfiction wrote with greater syntactic sophistication (more complex sentences) than those who read fiction (mysteries, fantasy, or science fiction) or exclusively web-based aggregators like Reddit, Tumblr, and BuzzFeed. The highest scores went to those who read academic journals; the lowest scores went to those who relied solely on web-based content.
reading  writing  psychology 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Get to Know the Testaments - Life:Beautiful
New to the Bible? Begin in the New Testament, reading in the following order.

• The Gospel of John and the Gospel of Mark. These two books look at the mission of Jesus.

• The Book of Acts. The amazing tale of the early Church. Continue on through Romans, a good introduction to the Apostle Paul’s letters.

• The Gospel of Matthew or the Gospel of Luke, or perhaps both. You will discover that Jesus often quotes the Old Testament.

• The Book of Genesis. Go back to the Old Testament to witness the creation of the world and how God promises to bless all nations.

• Read a couple of NT books, then one or two in the OT. When done with the NT, start over in it. You’ll understand much more the second time around. Once through the entire Bible, celebrate and continue rereading it.
religion  reading 
april 2016 by juliusbeezer
‘It is all a bit of a mess’ – observations from Researcher to Reader conference | Unlocking Research
Journals are dead – the publishing future is the platform
Journals are not dead – but we don’t need issues any more as they are entirely redundant in an online environment
Publishing in a journal benefits the author not the reader
Dissemination is no longer the value added offered by publishers. Anyone can have a blog. The value-add is branding
The drivers for choosing research areas are what has been recently published, not what is needed by society
All research is generated from what was published the year before – and we can prove it
Why don’t we disaggregate the APC model and charge for sections of the service separately?
You need to provide good service to the free users if you want to build a premium product
The most valuable commodity as an editor is your reviewer time
Peer review is inconsistent and systematically biased.
The greater the novelty of the work the greater likelihood it is to have a negative review
Poor academic writing is rewarded
sciencepublishing  scholarly  reading  writing  journals 
february 2016 by juliusbeezer
Library of Words | Authorea
If everybody on Earth writes a single word in this second, the combined corpus of words would form the equivalent of about 9,000 bibles. That’s the potential amount of writing the human race can produce in an instant. But we write considerably more than a single word in our lifetime, so nobody can ever read every single word ever written. We are restrained by our own finite time boundaries and each one of us can only put a microscopic tap into the colossal source of knowledge. That is why we specialize and why it gets harder to do so with time. That is why we select books to read and summarize them. And that is why we share our knowledge.
writing  reading  attention 
october 2015 by juliusbeezer
HighWire | Evidence-based publishing
We then understood what seems obvious now: if the reader is an expert in the subject of the article, then it matters less what journal it appears in than it does when the article’s subject is farther away from a reader’s expertise.

When reading “to be a well-informed scientist,” our particular interviewee said he “relies on Science, Nature and Cell to tell me what’s important or interesting.”

The logic for this researcher is that a journal’s peer review process is not essential if he himself is qualified to have been a reviewer on the article: “I can judge for myself, and prefer to” we were told. Further, for an expert, a journal’s selectivity can be a barrier, since it removes both signal and noise, and slows the dissemination of information by the time taken in the review and revision process. The expert may wish to do his own “signal processing” (i.e., filtering for both novelty and importance), to gain access to a less-filtered and more rapid information stream.
sciencepublishing  reading  veille 
october 2015 by juliusbeezer
The Winnower | DIY Scientific Publishing
We have started to address this by developing an open source RSS reader (a feedly clone) with a plug-in functionality to allow for all the different features, but development has halted there for a while now. So far, the alpha version can sort and filter feeds according to certain keywords and display a page with the most tweeted links, so it’s already better than feedly in that respect, but it is still alpha software. All of the functionalities I want have already been developed somewhere, so we’d only need to leverage it for the scientific literature.

In such a learning service, it would also be of lesser importance if work was traditionally peer-reviewed or not: I can simply adjust for which areas I’d like to only see peer-reviewed research and which publications are close enough that I want to see them before peer-review – I might want to review them myself. In this case, peer-review is as important as I, as a reader, want to make it. Further diminishing the role of traditional peer-review are additional layers of selection and filtering I can implement. For instance, I would be able to select fields where I only want recommended literature to be shown, or cited literature, or only reviews, not primary research. And so forth, there would be many layers of filtering/sorting which I could use flexibly to only see relevant research for breakfast.
peerreview  sciencepublishing  reading 
april 2015 by juliusbeezer
Shadow-reading experiment
I've recently done some research into shadow-reading and at some point I promised myself that I'd soon experiment with it a bit in the classroom. I was curious to see what this technique, which I had never heard before, looked like in practice, and I wondered what benefits there were related to this method.

Let me briefly describe what we did in class earlier today:

1) Ss listened to a short recording, following the transcript silently. This helped them understand the gist of the text as well as see how the text was chunked.
2) I played the recording again and asked Ss to read along with the speaker. However, they could only mouth the words silently.
3) I played the recording for the third time; this time Ss were asked to read along with the speaker, quietly.
4) Finally, Ss read the text along with the speaker at a normal volume, trying as much as possible to mimic their intonation, stress and pronunciation. I turned the volume of the recording up and down at this stage, and at some point I even switched the sound off completely.
teaching  coaching  reading  english  enfr_beginner 
march 2015 by juliusbeezer
Open and Shut?: Interview with Steve Pettifer, computer scientist and developer of Utopia Documents
the only people to read many research papers today will be the author, the editor and the reviewers. How many papers are never read by anyone other than this small group is a source of disagreement, but it is widely assumed that many papers are never downloaded and/or cited. As it happens, this may be the fate of a great many of the PDF files lying around on the Web. A recent report by the World Bank, for instance, concluded that nearly one-third of its PDF reports have never been downloaded. Another 40 percent have been downloaded fewer than 100 times, and only 13 percent have seen more than 250 downloads.
attention  sciencepublishing  tools  reading  zotero 
december 2014 by juliusbeezer
SKIMMR: Facilitating knowledge discovery in life sciences by machine-aided skim reading [PeerJ PrePrints]
Unlike full reading, 'skim-reading' involves the process of looking quickly over information in an attempt to cover more material whilst still being able to retain a superficial view of the underlying content. Within this work, we specifically emulate this natural human activity by providing a dynamic graph-based view of entities automatically extracted from text. For the extraction, we use shallow parsing, co-occurrence analysis and semantic similarity computation techniques. Our main motivation is to assist biomedical researchers and clinicians in coping with increasingly large amounts of potentially relevant articles that are being published ongoingly in life sciences.
attention  sciencepublishing  science  informationmastery  reading  tools  screwmeneutics 
april 2014 by juliusbeezer

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