recentpopularlog in

juliusbeezer : research   49

Why Can't the U.S. Treat Guns as a Public-Health Problem? - The Atlantic
After a deadly shooting, the debate always, it seems, breaks down like this: One side argues for gun control, and the other argues there is no research proving those measures work. There is, in fact, little research into gun violence at all—especially compared to other causes of death in the United States.

The modern origins of the impasse can be traced to 1996, when Congress passed an amendment to a spending bill that forbade the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using money to “advocate or promote gun control.”

The National Rifle Association had pushed for the amendment, after public-health researchers produced a spate of studies suggesting that, for example, having a gun in the house increased risk of homicide and suicide. It deemed the research politically motivated.
us  research  politics 
11 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Twitter
RT : One issue I've seen in France is dept's assuming that researchers always write well…
research 
june 2019 by juliusbeezer
The Problem With Sexual Arousal Studies - Pacific Standard
For years now, we’ve been hearing that men on average are sexually target-specific, while women on average are not. In other words, if you show men various kinds of pornography while having a little measuring device strapped to their penises, those penises don’t get hard to every type of pornography; instead, they seem to evince a distinct preference for either men or for women as sexual “targets.” By contrast, if you insert a blood-flow measuring device into women’s vaginas and show them various kinds of porn, well, they appear to become aroused to just about everything sexual—men, women, monkeys, you name it...
Nevertheless, the problem I’ve long had with the arousal studies is this: The vagina is not the homologue to the penis. The penis's homologue is the clitoris. The vagina comes from different embryological tissue altogether, so why should we expect it to behave in a way that is comparable to the penis?
sex  research 
november 2018 by juliusbeezer
A self-driving car can choose who dies in a fatal crash. These are the ethical considerations | World Economic Forum
To conduct the survey, the researchers designed what they call “Moral Machine,” a multilingual online game in which participants could state their preferences concerning a series of dilemmas that autonomous vehicles might face. For instance: If it comes right down it, should autonomous vehicles spare the lives of law-abiding bystanders, or, alternately, law-breaking pedestrians who might be jaywalking? (Most people in the survey opted for the former.)
All told, “Moral Machine” compiled nearly 40 million individual decisions from respondents in 233 countries; the survey collected 100 or more responses from 130 countries. The researchers analyzed the data as a whole, while also breaking participants into subgroups defined by age, education, gender, income, and political and religious views. There were 491,921 respondents who offered demographic data.
driverless  driving  research 
november 2018 by juliusbeezer
Amazon.fr - Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences, Global Edition - Howardlune, Berg Bruce - Livres
Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences, Global Edition (Anglais) Broché – 24 janvier 2017
research  methodology  sociology 
april 2018 by juliusbeezer
The impact of parenthood on environmental attitudes and behaviour: a longitudinal investigation of the legacy hypothesis | SpringerLink
This paper explored whether having children leads to changes in individual-level environmental attitudes and behaviours, possibly as an effect of having greater consideration for future generations (the ‘legacy hypothesis’). Using the Understanding Society Survey, changes in three environmental attitude items and the frequency of 11 environmental behaviours were assessed for those who had children in between two waves of data collection. We examined four groups of people: those who had at least one new child (irrespective of whether this was a firstborn or not), those who became a parent for the first time, first-time parents with high environmental concern and first-time mothers. Our analysis showed only small changes in individual-level environmental attitudes and behaviours following people having a new child. In contrast with expectations from the legacy hypothesis, all changes were negative, indicating the environmental behaviours were performed less often. The only observed positive change was an increase in the desire to act more sustainably amongst first-time parents who already had a high level of environmental concern. Overall, the results do not provide support for the legacy hypothesis. Where there are any changes, these are more likely to be negative, suggesting that having a child reduces self-reported environmental behaviours.
climatechange  psychology  parents  children  research 
december 2017 by juliusbeezer
The unexpected reason researchers choose open access | Nature Index
“We found a significant proportion of responses that say open-access journals are cited more heavily than subscription journals,” Sbaffi says of the global survey of academics — 40% of whom were from the UK — carried out by publishers Taylor & Francis in March 2014. “In the hard sciences they believe this to be truer than in the social sciences.”

Open access has been held up as a way for academics to get a wider audience for their research. Scholars also back the idea that publically funded research should be widely available and not restricted to subscription-based journals. But the paper by Sbaffi and her colleagues points to the importance of quality, reputation, impact factor and peer review as the main criteria for academics in selecting a publication to submit to, whether subscription-based or open access.
openaccess  scholarly  research  sciencepublishing 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Learn more about OpenTrials
Open Knowledge is developing Open Trials, an open, online database of information about the world’s clinical research trials. We are funded by The Laura and John Arnold Foundation through the Center for Open Science. The project, which is designed to increase transparency and improve access to research, will be directed by Dr. Ben Goldacre, an internationally known leader on clinical transparency.

OpenTrials is building a collaborative and open linked database for all available structured data and documents on all clinical trials, threaded together by individual trial. With a versatile and expandable data schema, it is initially designed to host and match the following documents and data for each trial:

Registry entries
Links, abstracts, or texts of academic journal papers
Portions of regulatory documents describing individual trials
Structured data on methods and results extracted by systematic reviewers or other
Researchers
Clinical Study Reports
Additional documents such as blank consent forms, blank case report forms, and protocols

The intention is to create an open, freely re-usable index of all such information, to increase discoverability, facilitate research, identify inconsistent data, enable audits on the availability and completeness of this information, support advocacy for better data and drive standards around open data in evidence-based medicine.
science  medicine  sciencepublishing  openmedicine  openscience  research  search 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Progresser en orthographe, c’est devenir meilleur dans toutes les matières
« Faut-il encourager les étudiants à améliorer leur orthographe ? ». « Le résultat est clair : l’amélioration de la maîtrise de la langue peut produire des effets sensibles sur les résultats et peut être un vecteur de lutte contre l’échec », explique-t-il.

Un échantillon de quelque 849 étudiants a participé à cette « expérience contrôlée », en étant d’abord informés en début d’année universitaire de la possibilité d’utiliser la plate-forme en ligne du Projet Voltaire pour améliorer leurs compétences orthographiques, et en les incitant à le faire. Ensuite, les étudiants ont été divisés en deux groupes tirés au sort : seulement la moitié d’entre eux a été fortement encouragée à utiliser le logiciel de perfectionnement en orthographe, grammaire et syntaxe, par des rappels réguliers de leurs enseignants sur l’importance d’une bonne maîtrise de la langue et en mettant en exergue que les notes obtenues sur la plate-forme seraient prises en compte pour l’évaluation finale.

Lire aussi : Trop d’étudiants fâchés avec l’o
français  education  orthographe  language  research 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Why we should worry less about predatory publishers and more about the quality of research and training at our academic institutions
Rather than viewing predatory publishers as a disease in themselves, I suggest we should regard them instead as a symptom of malaise within the academic research establishment. Without unhelpful systems of research metrics that reward researchers for the quantity rather than the quality of their output, and which may be easily gamed, predatory journals would disappear as there would be no demand for them. Similarly, if universities and research institutions supported graduate students and faculty in improving research design and reporting, the low-quality output would dry up. As others have argued before, we need less but better research.12

Likewise, while commentators bemoan the lack of peer review by predatory publishers, perhaps we should also criticise the absence of internal, collegial peer review which universities should provide before work is submitted to any journal. While peer review by journals can identify problems with research reporting and highlight omissions or ambiguities, it is too late to correct more fundamental weaknesses in research design.
openaccess  sciencepublishing  scholarly  research 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Ten simple rules for responsible big data research
The beneficial possibilities for big data in science and industry are tempered by new challenges facing researchers that often lie outside their training and comfort zone. Social scientists now grapple with data structures and cloud computing, while computer scientists must contend with human subject protocols and institutional review boards (IRBs). While the connection between individual datum and actual human beings can appear quite abstract, the scope, scale, and complexity of many forms of big data creates a rich ecosystem in which human participants and their communities are deeply embedded and susceptible to harm. This complexity challenges any normative set of rules and makes devising universal guidelines difficult.
opendata  sciencepublishing  ethics  research  privacy 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Audiences and Readers of Alternative Media: The Absent Lure of the Virtually Unknown - Jun 30, 2016
Reasons for the virtual absence of research in this area are proposed, and contrasts between users of conventional media and alternative media audiences suggested, along with a political ethics of listening. Connections between social movements and alternative media uses are discussed, the interplay between political consciousness and alternative media use is examined, and social conditions in which the latter are responded to are explored. Finally, the variety of alternative media formats, genres and technologies is noted.
sociology  media  research 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Infographics | ORI - The Office of Research Integrity
The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) has developed a series infographics addressing the Responsible Conduct of Research and the handling of research misconduct. These infographics can be used by RCR instructors and Research Integrity Officers (RIOs) to help educate the community on research integrity topics. ORI encourages the sharing and distribution of these resources with colleagues.
research  ethics  misconduct 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
The Grad Student Who Never Said "No" - Healthier & Happier
When she arrived, I gave her a data set of a self-funded, failed study which had null results (it was a one month study in an all-you-can-eat Italian restaurant buffet where we had charged some people ½ as much as others). I said, "This cost us a lot of time and our own money to collect. There's got to be something here we can salvage because it's a cool (rich & unique) data set." I had three ideas for potential Plan B, C, & D directions (since Plan A had failed). I told her what the analyses should be and what the tables should look like. I then asked her if she wanted to do them...

Sigirci, Ozge, Marc Rockmore, and Brian Wansink (2016), “How Traumatic Violence Permanently Changes Shopping Behavior,” Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1298. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01298.
Siğirci, Ozge and Brian Wansink (2015), “Low Prices and High Regret: How Pricing Influences Regret at All-You-Can-Eat Buffets,” BMC Nutrition, 1:36, 1-5, doi:10.1186/s40795-015-0030-x.
Kniffin, Kevin, Ozge Sigirci and Brian Wansink (2015), “Eating Heavily: Men Eat More in the Company of Women,” Evolutionary Psychological Science, 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s40806-015-0035-3.
Just, David R., Ozge Siğirci, and Brian Wansink (2015), “Peak-end Pizza: Prices Delay Evaluations of Quality,” Journal of Product & Brand Management, 24:7, 770-778, doi:10.1108/jpbm01-2015-0802.​
Just, David R., Ozge Sigirci, and Brian Wansink (2014), “Lower Buffet Prices Lead to Less Taste Satisfaction,” Journal of Sensory Studies, 29:362-370.
statistics  research  ethics  commenting  sciencepublishing  scholarly 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
VersoBooks.com
WikiLeaks specializes in publishing, curating, and ensuring easy access to full online archives of information that has been censored or suppressed, or is likely to be lost. An understanding of our historical record enables self-determination; publishing and ensuring easy access to full archives, rather than just individual documents, is central to preserving this historical record. Since publishing Cablegate, WikiLeaks has continued to work to make PlusD the most complete online archive of US Department of State documents, adding to the library each year with newly available cables and other documents from the State Department communications system. It can be accessed through a set of specially developed search interfaces at https://wikileaks.org/plusd.
reading  research  writing  wikileaks  agnotology  attention  journalism  history  archiving 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Paul Mason wrote: “Borrowing money to spend on defence buys you good, high-skilled jobs; enhanced R… – Medium
Paul Mason wrote:
“Borrowing money to spend on defence buys you good, high-skilled jobs; enhanced R&D; resilience in the face of a bad world situation and — if you do it right — rekindles social cohesion. It also demands an industrial policy”

This is often said. However “defence” spending represents rather poor value for money by the metric of capital invested/job created compared with any other sector. Policymakers sincere about minimising unemployment should know this. “Defence” R&D may indeed produce interesting work (the internet…), but if it remains unpublished/classified, as is likely, then again, greater public benefit would be obtained by investment elsewhere.
That said, the autonomy of the Baltic states and of Europe in general is worth defending. You’re surely right to be thinking about military solutions. After all, invading eastern Europe has always gone so well for anyone who’s tried it in the past.
Or maybe the UK should try to avoid appearing like a warmongering blimp-head manoeuvring on the borders of a country whom history grants every right to wariness.
Still, the UK can always resort to selling the exploding fruits of such excellent policy to oppressive regimes around the world. How’s that working out for ya?
war  europe  uk  research  economics  dccomment 
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
Stop the EMA Backsliding on Open Clinical Data [Updated] - Open Enterprise
the drug companies really don't want their dirty washing for all to see, and they have been lobbying extremely hard to water down the provisions. And in fact, it seems they have succeeded, as the All Trials Web site explains:

The good proposals in the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA) draft policy on sharing clinical trial data could be at risk.

The EMA has produced a further draft of the policy which would introduce barriers to access to clinical trial data that would make the job of researchers who want to scrutinise it almost impossible.

The policy introduces terms of use which say that researchers can access the data on screen only with printing, sharing or saving of the data forbidden.

It allows the company who supplied the data to the EMA to decide which information to redact so researchers may never know what information is being kept hidden.
drugs  research  medicine  openness  eu 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
How Drug Companies Keep Medicine Out of Reach - The Atlantic
"So there is the idea that there are gaps in research," Love told me in February, "and the second idea is that linking the cost of R&D to the price of the drug through the grant of a monopoly is inherently problematic, and the problems are diverse." The existing system relies on the promise of drug sales under patent to incentivize innovation -- an effective monopoly on production, typically lasting more than a decade. That system leads drug makers to set prices at whatever level they think the market can bear, regardless of the cost of manufacture or even the cost of development. The point was driven home last year, when Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, in New York, refused a new colorectal cancer drug priced at over $130,000 per year. The drug maker, Sanofi, promptly cut the price in half...
[dccomment, disqus: A martian writes:
"The discomfort of M. Gates' conflicted position is very interesting. Presumably much of his 'wealth' is still 'invested' in companies that rely on 'intellectual property' to make 'money.' Yet clearly, the experts who advise him how to spend it, are clear that for things that actually matter for humanity—curing tropical diseases, rather than selling dodgy software upgrades—this model is of proven ineffectiveness. However, should he concede the point, the resulting cultural matter-antimatter explosion could leave him standing alone in a desert, spectacles fogged by dust, and wearing only a pair of frazzled underpants."]
drugs  medicine  research  dccomment  funny 
october 2016 by juliusbeezer
The Mass Production of Redundant, Misleading, and Conflicted Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. - PubMed - NCBI
There are many important issues raised in this paper on which I strongly agree with John Ioannidis. There is a lot of research waste in meta-analyses and systematic reviews, and a flood of very low quality, and he points out the contributing factors clearly. However, there are some issues to be aware of in considering the analyses in this paper on the growth of these papers, and their growth in comparison with randomized and other clinical trials.

Although the author refers to PubMed's "tag" for systematic reviews, there is no tagging process for systematic reviews, as there is for meta-analyses and trials. Although "systematic review" is available as a choice under "article types", that option is a filtered search using Clinical Queries (PubMed Help), not a tagging of publication type. Comparing filtered results to tagged results is not comparing like with like in 2 critical ways.
medicine  research  editing  reviews  commenting 
september 2016 by juliusbeezer
CDC Ban on Gun Research Caused Lasting Damage - ABC News
The CDC conducted gun violence research in the 1980s and 1990s, but it abruptly ended in 1996 when the National Rifle Association lobbied Congress to cut the CDC's budget the exact amount it had allocated to gun violence research.

"It's worth pointing out that the language never specifically forbade the CDC from conducting the research," Wintemute said.

The 1997 appropriations bill stated, "None of the funds made available for injury prevention and control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention may be used to advocate or promote gun control." Congress also threatened more funding cuts if the gun research continued.

"The message was really clear," Wintemute said.
guncontrol  research  science 
june 2016 by juliusbeezer
Should there be greater use of preprint servers for publishing reports of biomedical science? - F1000Research
We know remarkably little, formally, about why researchers do and don’t do the things that they do and don’t do. Some efforts to secure research funding to investigate why researchers don’t publish reports of their research have not been successful (Professor Mary Dixon-Woods, personal communication). If the attractive vision of a more efficient publishing model for the life sciences is to be promoted effectively, research is needed to find answers to the questions raised by Tracz and Lawrence themselves: why are researchers reluctant to post preprints, and will sufficient other researchers post useful and critical comments on them to make the effort worthwhile?
sciencepublishing  medicine  preprint  archiving  scholarly  research 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
Undergraduate Essay | Stanford Humanities
Because IHUM is a required course, we meet students who would not normally wander into a literature course, and who are often destined for majors in engineering, human biology, or computer science. Typically, the students who have the most difficulty with their essays were educated in Asian countries (mostly Singapore, China, and Korea). They tend to be among the brightest students in the class; but they find our writing exercises baffling. We are supposed to come up with an original thesis, they ask? How are we meant to do that? Never before had they been asked to think about a text for themselves.

In high school they had only been required to show they had absorbed what their instructors had said in class. Devising an original argument seems almost heretical to them. It is a largely foreign concept in their school cultures. American culture and economy, on the other hand, place an almost unrivaled premium on originality. Rarely do we consider, however, how originality gets taught. To be sure, universities such as Stanford offer classes in, say, mechanical engineering, in which students are called upon to invent new designs and products. But these courses tend to be reserved for upper-level students. The purpose of most basic math or science classes is not to encourage original thinking.
education  writing  humanities  research  china 
march 2016 by juliusbeezer
Telling a good story is everything — Life Tips. — Medium
Embed experts on your team to stay close to their needs. At Vine, one group that was critically important to us was top Viners. So on the guidance of karyn spencer, we hired Vine star Chris Melberger. It was enormously helpful getting his frequent input — so much better than user studies. If I could go back, I would have done this earlier — and would have hired teenagers (as many Vine users are), as Facebook has done with the ever-inspiring Michael Sayman.
Appoin
facebook  research  programming  software  socialmedia 
february 2016 by juliusbeezer
What does a researcher do all day? | Unlocking Research
the team shadowed 10 academics over a 48-hour period. They followed them through their day, literally sitting next to them. They watched lectures, sat in supervisions and took notes. As researchers did tasks the team asked questions about how they felt about the task – whether it was worth their time for example. The number was small because of the time intensity of this approach, however the process revealed good insights. Paul mentioned that they looked at the workarounds academics have for tasks and were able to determine how academics know what is succeeding and what ought they be doing.

The information gathering phase also included 12 co-design sessions looking at research and publishing tools, where they invited a group of participants to act as a designer. These were one on one co-design sessions. The academics were asked to design the journal they would like to publish in. As part of the process they took notes about how the participants talked about the publishing process...

Paul noted that being an academic is really three or four jobs – each person needs to decide what they will be very good at. He observed that academics have to discover things that are new to the world as well as all of their other administration and work.

Many of the academics observed had between six and eight, sometimes 10 different roles. Some of these come with a job title, and others are unofficial because the academic wants to be a good supervisor, tutor, or a good colleague. The longer someone is around, the more roles they collect. The team started trying to graph people’s job titles as part of the project but this proved challenging because academia is not like a company where people have a fixed job title...
What causes one of the greatest emotional lows for a researcher is being rejected for a paper. They have often put all of their effort and knowledge into a journal paper. If it is rejected after peer review they are being told they have wasted two years of their life. Paul noted that some reviewing boards are brutal and the feedback given is, frankly, rude.
scholarly  openaccess  sciencepublishing  academic  universityeducation  teaching  research  psychology  coaching  repositories 
february 2016 by juliusbeezer
CLIMATE: Bill Gates preps biggest clean energy fund 'in history' -- November 27, 2015 at 7:54 AM -- www.eenews.net
Gates and other billionaires, meanwhile, will pledge a pool of money to assist the cooperative projects. The exact spending amount was unclear yesterday, but one source put it in the billions of dollars.

"This is the single biggest cooperative research and development partnership in history," the source said.
climatechange  energy  research  finance 
november 2015 by juliusbeezer
Elsevier stopped me doing my research | Chris H.J. Hartgerink's Notebook
I am a statistician interested in detecting potentially problematic research such as data fabrication, which results in unreliable findings and can harm policy-making, confound funding decisions, and hampers research progress.

To this end, I am content mining results reported in the psychology literature. Content mining the literature is a valuable avenue of investigating research questions with innovative methods. For example, our research group has written an automated program to mine research papers for errors in the reported results and found that 1/8 papers (of 30,000) contains at least one result that could directly influence the substantive conclusion [1].

In new research, I am trying to extract test results, figures, tables, and other information reported in papers throughout the majority of the psychology literature. As such, I need the research papers published in psychology that I can mine for these data. To this end, I started ‘bulk’ downloading research papers from, for instance, Sciencedirect. I was doing this for scholarly purposes and took into account potential server load by limiting the amount of papers I downloaded per minute to 9. I had no intention to redistribute the downloaded materials, had legal access to them because my university pays a subscription, and I only wanted to extract facts from these papers.

Full disclosure, I downloaded approximately 30GB of data from Sciencedirect in approximately 10 days. This boils down to a server load of 0.0021GB/s, 0.125GB/h, 3GB/day.
textmining  openaccess  scholarly  research 
november 2015 by juliusbeezer
Which philosopher would fare best in a present-day university? | Higher Education Network | The Guardian
Immanuel Kant might look worthy of the nod – his three Critiques shaped a lot of the philosophy that came afterwards. However, those works were preceded by an 11-year hiatus in which he published nothing whatsoever – which means there would have been an entire Ref cycle for which he would not have been eligible.
Five reasons why the REF is not fit for purpose‬‬‬
Read more

We may presume that his justification for this career break – that he had used that time to wake up from his dogmatic slumber – would have cut little ice with his (admittedly fictional) research coordinator.
philosophy  scholarly  funny  research 
october 2015 by juliusbeezer
What's Online Annotation? And Why Did Helmsley Just Make a Big Grant to Support it?  - Inside Philanthropy: Fundraising Intelligence - Inside Philanthropy
The theory is that, by layering on comments and crowdsourcing their prominence à la Quora, some much-needed reality checking can be woven into the fabric of the Internet. Hypothes.is founder Dan Whaley called annotation “a critical leap forward for humanity.”...
The value of annotation to research could be a big deal. It would allow a level of ongoing, cited and interactive review to scholarly research found on the Internet. That’s good for quality of research, but also for strengthening and promoting interaction among researchers. For example, the ability to share bits of information back and forth means one scholar could chime in with a piece of data or a possible idea for future direction that could supplement a published work.
commenting  annotation  internet  sciencepublishing  science  research 
march 2015 by juliusbeezer
FAQ - HEFCE
This page complements our policy for open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework. It will be updated regularly to answer questions commonly asked by institutions. If these FAQs do not provide the information you need, please e-mail openaccess@hefce.ac.uk.
openaccess  uk  scholarly  research 
february 2015 by juliusbeezer
The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA)
Journal Impact Factor has a number of well-documented deficiencies as a tool for research assessment. These limitations include: A) citation distributions within journals are highly skewed [1–3]; B) the properties of the Journal Impact Factor are field-specific: it is a composite of multiple, highly diverse article types, including primary research papers and reviews [1, 4]; C) Journal Impact Factors can be manipulated (or “gamed”) by editorial policy [5]; and D) data used to calculate the Journal Impact Factors are neither transparent nor openly available to the public [4, 6, 7].
citation  altmetrics  peerreview  research  sciencepublishing 
february 2015 by juliusbeezer
Open and Shut?: De Gruyter’s Sven Fund on the state of Open Access: Where are we, what still needs to be done?
OA will be “a useful, marginal activity that opens up a new class of customers through the author-pays model … OA is marginal in the sense that most research is performed at a small number of institutions. ‘Most’ is not the same thing as ‘all.’ Those institutions subscribe to most (not all) of the relevant materials. So by definition the access granted by OA is marginal to what researchers at the major institutions already have. Nothing wrong with working on the margins, but let’s call it what it is.” Is this a view you share? If so, why (what is the evidence for and against?) If not, what are your expectations for OA?

A: I agree with that statement. And I would add to Joe Esposito’s argument that there have been very few technical innovations in the media industry that managed to completely eradicate the technology they initially protested against.
openaccess  sciencepublishing  research 
january 2015 by juliusbeezer
Impact of Social Sciences – Five Minutes with Trish Greenhalgh: “We need to be clear that research impact isn’t a single dimension.”
I don’t know of any university that doesn’t now have a named person with ‘impact’ on their job description. But there is great variability in who takes on the impact portfolio. In some, it’s seen as a ‘communications’ issue. In others, it’s ‘entrepreneurship’ and in others ’training and development’.
altmetrics  science  research  education 
september 2014 by juliusbeezer
Let the right one in: hiring academic staff | Opinion | Times Higher Education
We need simply to give more time to the whole business. First, to reading candidates’ research. Notwithstanding the distorting effects of the research excellence framework (which render foreign candidates for posts blindfolded in a minefield, unless they are painstakingly prepared), panels still seem too rarely to read and form their own judgement on candidates’ work, relying instead on reputation or the weight of words. (Where newly appointed professors, for example, are promptly deemed unsubmittable to the REF, something has clearly gone wrong.)

We need, then, to give more time to presentations and interviews: to assess a candidate’s teaching in action, really to probe and explore their research, and to assure ourselves that their apparent strengths will not melt away after appointment.
citation  research  sciencepublishing  politics 
august 2014 by juliusbeezer
Beware of Bilingual Experts | Patenttranslator's Blog
This article was brought to my attention during the course of my work reviewing translations to be used in clinical trials. An investigator submitted for review the translation of a pain questionnaire that he wanted to use in his study. After looking over the questionnaire, I informed the study coordinator that I could not approve it because there were serious problems with the translation.
translation  medicine  research  questionnaire 
june 2014 by juliusbeezer
The Work of Man Has Only Just Begun » Our Aimé Césaire Researchathon
A researchathon is a collective marathon that seeks either to answer a research question or to build a research resource. This is accomplished by bringing together a group of researchers, librarians, technologists, and students in one room for a full day of collaborative work toward a specific goal. The practice derives from the culture of hackathons familiar to technologists, in which programmers gather for long hours, often late into the night, to solve a software problem collaboratively. In the humanities we have already seen a similar phenomenon in the spread of wikithons, or marathons of wikipedia editing, and the exhilarating One Week|One Tool “barn raisings.” The word researchathon was coined, as far as we can tell, by David K. Park, Director of Special Projects at the Applied Statistics Center at Columbia University. Our Césaire researchathon is the first major attempt to bring the researchathon model to research in the humanities at Columbia — or elsewhere, for that matter.
Our researchathon will focus on building the largest existing bibliography of Aimé Césaire’s primary and secondary sources in one day. At the end of the day we hope to offer our work to present and future researchers of Césaire — open access on the open web.
internet  research  socialmedia  socialnetworking  citation  wiki 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
Guest post – Research source evaluation | From Words to Deeds: translation & the law
I teach the introductory module on legal translation for a Brazilian translation, interpreting and language school. It’s an online course and my students are spread all over the world: Estonia, Belgium, the US, Brazil, Ireland, England, Puerto Rico, Sweden, etc.

detectiveMy students are always surprised when I tell them their main job description now is “Detective.” I actually mean researcher, but the word detective is more intriguing and exciting. My job is to get them excited.
translation  research  education 
november 2013 by juliusbeezer
REF: ‘rage, rage against the dying of the light’ | Graham Scambler
Even before the RAE peeped over the horizon I was summoned by my HofD, whom I had not yet met during the several years of his tenure, to explain who I was and what I did. He was not overly harsh, agreeing to seek advice from my peers outside my university: after all, he could not judge my worth. He suggested in passing that I become PI on a small grant, say £1m or so, and think of publishing in ‘Nature’.
peerreview  research  politics  sociology  funny 
august 2013 by juliusbeezer
Do the Best Professors Get the Worst Ratings? | Psychology Today
experienced professors tend to "broaden the curriculum and produce students with a deeper understanding of the material." (p. 430) That is, because they don't teach directly to the test, they do worse in the short run but better in the long run.
education  research  teaching 
june 2013 by juliusbeezer
Equator > News > News
Misrepresentation joins fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism as unacceptable research conduct: e.g. knowingly or through gross negligence misinterpreting study results.
sciencepublishing  research 
may 2013 by juliusbeezer
How Drug Companies Keep Medicine Out of Reach - Brian Till - The Atlantic
"Once you turn that corner and realize that intellectual property rights are really man made policies that are designed to do something, and that there are other ways to induce the same thing that can compete with those ideas, then it just opens your mind up."
Love's idea suggests the use of cash prizes -- rather than patents -- to incentivize research; say, $2 billion for an effective therapeutic drug for Chagas disease. A cure, once developed, proven, and awarded a prize, would then exist as open-access intellectual property, with manufacturers around the world competing to produce the drug in the most cost effective manner.
drugs  openness  research  patents  dccomment 
may 2013 by juliusbeezer
WSIS Knowledge Communities: Is Open Access only for rich countries? Participate now in an online dialogue on open access and the developing world
The smaller African countries in particular, do not produce substantial numbers of journal articles, yet we found evidence that there is a substantial amount being produced, but not necessarily disseminated, by way of research reports and briefings, policy papers, and community-focused ‘translations’ and teaching and learning materials. These are often referred to as ‘grey literature’, but I think that this has to be revisited in a digital age,
repositories  sciencepublishing  scholarly  research  africa 
december 2012 by juliusbeezer
Open Access in France
Overview of French academe and research

Now (Jan15) 404ing. (robots.txt looked very exclusive) Fuck you "Open"Aire you are shit.

# If the Joomla site is installed within a folder such as at
# e.g. www.example.com/joomla/ the robots.txt file MUST be
# moved to the site root at e.g. www.example.com/robots.txt
# AND the joomla folder name MUST be prefixed to the disallowed
# path, e.g. the Disallow rule for the /administrator/ folder
# MUST be changed to read Disallow: /joomla/administrator/
#
# For more information about the robots.txt standard, see:
# http://www.robotstxt.org/orig.html
#
# For syntax checking, see:
# http://www.sxw.org.uk/computing/robots/check.html

User-agent: *
Crawl-delay: 10
Disallow: /
Disallow: /administrator/
Disallow: /cache/
Disallow: /cli/
Disallow: /components/
Disallow: /images/
Disallow: /includes/
Disallow: /installation/
Disallow: /language/
Disallow: /libraries/
Disallow: /logs/
Disallow: /media/
Disallow: /modules/
Disallow: /plugins/
Disallow: /templates/
Disallow: /tmp/
openaccess  scholarly  france  science  research  linkrot  archiving 
october 2012 by juliusbeezer
Studying Drugs in All the Wrong People: Scientific American
Researchers involved in psychiatric drug development know patients like Gia well. They ask to join studies in which they may not really belong, motivated by the monetary compensation. The question is not why such individuals wish to take part but why anyone would want to enroll them. Testing a drug for bipolar disorder—or any other ailment—on people who feign the condition will skew the results. And yet these subjects are enrolled in trials, over and over again. The reasons why reveal a troubled system, one in which study sponsors reward researchers for recruiting as many subjects as they can. As a result, studies can produce suspect findings, which then sway doctors' treatment decisions for countless others.
drugs  research  science  sociology 
september 2012 by juliusbeezer
Full-Text Databases and Historical Research: Cautionary Results from a Ten-Year Study
Full-text electronic searching of books, periodicals, and government documents is providing historians with the ability to survey unprecedented amounts of historical material for references traditionally not associated with those sources. Yet because the research conducted with these new tools is often not possible or practical using other methods, the shortcomings of the results are not always evident... The inability of newer tools to detect large amounts known material sparked a systematic crosschecking of the results of these databases to map the extent of the discrepancies. The article discusses some major shortcomings of these new tools, demonstrates methodologies for working around the limitations
archiving  database  research  history 
july 2012 by juliusbeezer
The Big Lie About the 'Life of the Mind' - Advice - The Chronicle of Higher Education
Wealthy students are not trapped by the system; they can take what they want from it, not feel pressured, and walk away at any point with minimal consequences. They do not have to obsess about whether some professor really likes them. If they are determined to become academics, they can select universities on the basis of reputation rather than money. They can focus on research rather than scrambling for time-consuming teaching and research assistantships to help pay the bills. And, when they go on the market, they can hold out for the perfect position rather than accepting whatever is available.
education  research  politics 
june 2012 by juliusbeezer
ResearchGate
Facebook for researchers it would seem. A tad slow. I registered. It found my publications. Worth a look later, though search seems fairly sucky.
socialnetworking  science  research  dccomment 
june 2011 by juliusbeezer
Equipoise, design bias, and randomized controlled trials: the elusive ethics of new drug development
To enroll humans in large RCTs without preliminary studies might pose truly major risks to participants, but after preliminary studies have been conducted true uncertainty no longer exists. The principle of equipoise becomes the paradox of equipoise.
ethics  research  medicine 
november 2010 by juliusbeezer

Copy this bookmark:





to read