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kme : racism   22

Pinpointing Racial Discrimination by Government Officials -
If awareness really is the first step toward a fix, then the study may be helpful in refining our understanding of racial discrimination in America. It occurs not only in the labor market and the criminal justice system, but also in countless small frictions every day.

The culprit may not be a hate-spewing white nationalist, but rather a librarian or a school administrator or a county clerk, unaware that shes helping some clients more than others.
bias  discrimination  customerservice  racism  america 
december 2017 by kme
Going It Alone | Outside Online
“For me, the fear is like a heartbeat, always present, while at the same time, intangible, elusive, and difficult to define,” Evelyn C. White wrote in her 1999 essay “Black Women and the Wilderness.” In it she explains why the thought of hiking in Oregon, which some writer friends invited her to do, fills her with dread. In wilderness, White does not see freedom but a portal to the past. It is a trigger. The history of suffering is too much for her to overcome. This fear has conjured a similar paralysis nationwide. It says to the minority: Be in this place and someone might seize the opportunity to end you. ­Nature itself is the least of White’s concerns. Bear paws have harmed fewer black bodies in the wild than human hands. She does not wish to be the only one who looks like her in a place with history like this.
hiking  at  racism 
april 2017 by kme
Can Training Help People Un-learn a Lifetime of Racial Bias? - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus
The fact that those officers didn’t blow my head off wasn’t luck. It was implicit bias in action—one of the lightning-fast automatic cognitive processes that shape much of human decision-making. The instant the officers saw me, a white female, they made the split-second decision that I was no threat.

In this case, they were right, but too often it plays the other way: An officer’s implicit bias categorizes an innocent black man as dangerous, simply because of who he is, and the man is shot or killed. If I had been a black man and did the same dumb, innocent thing—opened my door in the face of a cop who thought he was in a dangerous situation—it might have been the end of me.

In 2010, social psychologists set up a contest, asking colleagues to submit their best ideas for de-biasing. The team of 22 researchers tested the 17 best methods, such as boosting attitudes toward African Americans, encouraging negative impressions of whites, fostering identification with African Americans, instructing participants to think about the world from a different perspective, or strengthening egalitarian feelings.

In Moskowitz’s view, de-biasing programs should only be created by experts in psychology; several academics have created such programs, including researchers affiliated with Project Implicit, but these academic-run programs can’t begin to address the demand. Furthermore, any project to teach unbiasing techniques should collect data, Moskowitz says. “If you’re not doing that, you’re just taking a swing, and you have no sense if it’s working or not,” he says. “The stage we’re at is translating nuanced lab work into field settings, and it requires some expertise. But some people see it as a money grab.”

Along these lines, some companies have adopted blind reviewing, taking the names off of job applicants’ resumes. Others use structured interviews with a consistent set of questions, to make the hiring process more data-driven and less prone to subjective impressions. Cook Ross includes recommendations for these structural tweaks to help companies perform performance reviews and interviews more equitably. Police departments can introduce rule-based criteria to guide traffic stops or arrests that might reduce the impact of bias.
bias  racism  lawenforcement  sexism  psychology 
november 2016 by kme
Conservatives Never Understood Obama on Racism -- NYMag
That is the standard lens through which conservatives view Democratic policy on any issue with a disparate impact. This Wall Street Journal editorial from the previous election is typical; it accuses Democrats of “asking for black votes as a matter of racial solidarity,” citing ads denouncing Republican vote suppression and stand-your-ground laws. In reality, stand-your-ground laws have been shown to disproportionately harm African-Americans, and piles of studies find that voting restrictions disproportionately impact racial minorities, and that Republican legislatures tend to propose them in reaction to higher minority turnout. (Every so often a Republican legislator or operative is dumb enough to admit this motive in public.)

But it’s a complete fantasy. Obama’s account of racism in the United States is just the opposite. Perhaps Shapiro has heard the president talk about the moral arc of the universe bending toward justice. The notion that the United States is capable of racial progress is literally the single most prevalent theme of Obama's rhetoric. It runs through his victory speech in 2008 (“that is the true genius of America — that America can change. Our union can be perfected.”) to his speech commemorating the march at Selma (“We do a disservice to the cause of justice by intimating that bias and discrimination are immutable, that racial division is inherent to America.”). In his recent speeches this spring, Obama has focused almost singularly and obsessively on rebutting left-wing pessimists who doubt America's ability to progress on racial justice.
politics  racism  america 
june 2016 by kme
Unconscious racism is pervasive, starts early and can be deadly | Aeon Essays
And that, in a nutshell, might be the most damaging part of the racial empathy gap – we bury it deep in the subconscious in layers of denial to protect our social reputation. We might explicitly deny our internal reactions, but implicitly we follow their whispered mandates right down the line.
racism  bias  psychology  culture  society 
march 2016 by kme
I, Racist — THOSE PEOPLE — Medium
Nor does it dawn on her that the very fact that she moved away from an increasingly Black neighborhood to live in a White suburb might itself be a aspect of racism. She doesn't need to realize that “better schools” exclusively means “whiter schools.”

But here is the irony, here’s the thing that all the angry Black people know, and no calmly debating White people want to admit: The entire discussion of race in America centers around the protection of White feelings.

There’s a headline from The Independent that sums this up quite nicely: “Charleston shooting: Black and Muslim killers are ‘terrorists’ and ‘thugs’. Why are white shooters called ‘mentally ill’?”
whitepeople  race  racism  perspective 
october 2015 by kme

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