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mcherm : medicine   199

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Powerful antibiotic discovered using machine learning for first time | Society | The Guardian
They claim to have used AI to develop an antibiotic that works via a new mechanism. If so, this is an incredible step forward. But it is somewhat overblown -- the AI didn't design the drug, it just told them which of several existing drugs to test for antibiotic properties.
science  biology  medicine  ai  machinelearning 
7 days ago by mcherm
Scientists discover 'why stress turns hair white' - BBC News
In a mouse model, stress depletes a kind of stem cell that produces color in hair.
medicine  via:slashdot  personal_net 
5 weeks ago by mcherm
Decreasing human body temperature in the United States since the industrial revolution | eLife
A remarkable claim: normal human body temperature has dropped by more than half a degree in the past 150 years and this study claims it is real, not a measurement artifact. Perhaps due to better health and/or better heated houses.
medicine  history  science  via:HackerNews 
7 weeks ago by mcherm
We ‘may’ have discovered a potential remedy for tinnitus – by accident.
They were testing a treatment for motion sickness (a vibrating thing that goes behind your ear). They accidentally discovered it seems to do really good things for tinnitus -- plausible as both originate from the inner ear.
science  medicine  invention  via:HackerNews 
november 2019 by mcherm
Scientists Now Know How Sleep Cleans Toxins From the Brain | WIRED
Using an MRI they determined that in non-REM sleep the neurons fire in huge waves which then causes blood to move away and brain fluids to come in cleaning out waste byproducts.
medicine  sleep  via:rachel  science 
november 2019 by mcherm
How oral contraceptives may affect women’s minds | The Guardian
A few comments on how the birth control pill affects women's brains.
medicine  sex  TheGuardian  via:reddit  brain 
october 2019 by mcherm
Your $220 million to the ALS bucket challenge made a difference - Business Insider
Remember the "Ice Bucket Challenge"? The money it raised funded research that actually made meaningful progress on ALS.
science  socialcomputing  upliftingnews  medicine  via:reddit 
september 2019 by mcherm
Lyme disease: is a solution on the way? | Science | The Guardian
Claim: Lyme disease vaccines were killed by anti-vax movement; cures not found as scientists refuse to believe the patient's symptoms are real. I'm somewhat skeptical.
via:rachel  medicine  TheGuardian 
july 2019 by mcherm
The boy was dying. Zebrafish helped save his life - STAT
Quick research replicated the child's unique mutation in an animal model, allowing researchers to test numerous drugs and find one that was effective in time to save the child's life.
medicine  via:HackerNews  science 
july 2019 by mcherm
How the Gut Microbiome Could Provide a New Tool to Treat Autism | Science | Smithsonian
In a small study (and the article isn't clear about controls and blinding) replacing gut microbiome in autistic kids with digestion issues helped digestion AND the mental symptoms of Autism.
science  brain  SmithsonianMagazine  via:rachel  medicine 
june 2019 by mcherm
How My Husband Became a Poster Child of the Post-Antibiotic, Superbug Era
He caught an infection which was immune to almost every known antibiotic. His wife (a bacterial researcher) treated him with a custom bacteriophage (virus that plays on bacteria).
medicine  science  via:HackerNews 
may 2019 by mcherm
'Looping' Created an Underground Insulin-Pump Market - The Atlantic
Our society is failing insulin users - first insanely high prices, then this!
medicine  healthcare  via:HackerNews 
april 2019 by mcherm
Why Are Human Teeth So Messed Up? - SAPIENS
Because teeth are genetically pre-programmed but jaw size isn't, and modern humans don't spend enough time chewing really tough stuff for their job to reach full strength and size.
via:HackerNews  medicine  science 
march 2019 by mcherm
The million-dollar drug | CBC News
The treatment works, but because it completely cures the patient in a single treatment it is not economically feasible.
medicine  via:HackerNews 
december 2018 by mcherm
This Chemical Is So Hot It Destroys Nerve Fibers—in a Good Way | WIRED
This plant produces a "hot" chemical thousands of times stronger than the hottest of peppers. It literally overloads and damages pain nerves (and temperature nerves and no others) and a better-than-opioids treatment for pain in extreme cases.
medicine  biology  via:HackerNews  wired  science 
december 2018 by mcherm
The Comforting Fictions of Dementia Care | The New Yorker
These days, we lie a lot to dementia patients to keep them happy. It would make for a good sci-fi horror short story.
medicine  ethics  via:HackerNews 
december 2018 by mcherm
Toothless Texas inmates denied dentures in state prison - Houston Chronicle
In Texas prisons they won't allow toothless inmates to get dentures, claiming that feeding them mush is a cheaper alternative.
prison  medicine  via:reddit 
december 2018 by mcherm
High Price Of Insulin Leads Patients To Ration The Drug. That Can Be Lethal : Shots - Health News : NPR
Patients are dying because they can't afford insulin. Insulin costs vastly more now than it used to.
medicine  law  via:reddit 
september 2018 by mcherm
Did A Melatonin Patent Inspire Current Dose Confusion? | Slate Star Codex
MIT patented the proper dosage of a drug; the FDA decided to (not) regulate it as a supplement; and that is why all the stores carry an incorrect dose (even now that the patent has expired).
law  ip-law  patent  bureaucracy  via:SlateStarCodex  ScottAlexander  medicine 
august 2018 by mcherm
The $250 Biohack That’s Revolutionizing Life With Diabetes - Bloomberg
Someone hacked the interface to control an insulin pump which allowed the DIY community to build devices to continually monitor blood sugar and adjust insulin levels. No equivalent commercial product exists on the market.
medicine  bureaucracy  security  via:HackerNews 
august 2018 by mcherm
How I Survived Cancer in Prison
She was told by doctors that she probably had a very serious case of cancer. Then months and months passed (with a few other increasingly concerned doctor's visits in between) in which she WASN'T sent to the hospital. Eventually, she threatened a lawsuit.
prison  medicine  via:reddit 
july 2018 by mcherm
Polio eradication: a vaccine we don’t even use anymore is spreading the virus - Vox
An oral weakened-but-live vaccine for polio (which the world stopped using in 2016) is now causing 4x more infections of polio than wild polio virus.
medicine  vox  via:vox 
july 2018 by mcherm
Mental Health On A Budget | Slate Star Codex
Some suggestions for people who need mental health care but live in the US and can't afford it.
ScottAlexander  medicine  health  brain  via:SlateStarCodex 
april 2018 by mcherm
Andrew Sullivan on the Opioid Epidemic in America
"Relying on a single study based on a mere 38 subjects, scientists concluded that the vast majority of hospital inpatients who underwent pain treatment with strong opioids did not go on to develop an addiction, spurring the drug to be administered more widely."
medicine  personal_net  via:HackerNews 
february 2018 by mcherm
Adderall Risks: Much More Than You Wanted To Know | Slate Star Codex
Detailed analysis of the state of medical knowledge about the risks from Adderall and Ritalin, along with the observation that how we prescribe and prosecute them is silly.
brain  medicine  SlateStarCodex  ScottAlexander  via:SlateStarCodex  ritilin  adhd 
december 2017 by mcherm
The Last of the Iron Lungs
There are still a few (3 in the US) polio victims surviving on iron lungs. They are alive only because they have found mechanically inclined friends.
medicine  history  gizmodo  via:SlateStarCodex 
november 2017 by mcherm
Oh my god! I'm seeing in 3D! - oculus
A woman who lacks depth perception due to an early injury to her eye claims using a 3D virtual reality system made her start viewing the actual world in 3D.
vision  medicine  virtualreality  via:reddit 
august 2017 by mcherm
How Much Sleep Do Fitbit Users Really Get? A New Study Finds Out
6.5 hrs for men, nearly 7 for women. Drops slightly with age but the numbers aren't clear.
medicine  health  via:HackerNews 
june 2017 by mcherm
New Cancer Drug Is So Effective Against Tumors, the FDA Approved It Immediately
I didn't realize that the FDA approved drugs so quickly with so little testing even when extraordinary results were shown. It is good to know.
science  medicine  upliftingnews  law  via:reddit 
june 2017 by mcherm
Postmarketing Surveillance Is Good And Normal | Slate Star Codex
The FDA puts warnings on drugs for ALL KINDS of reasons. There are really obscure reactions, like side effects only in people who don't have a gall bladder, or only those who are Chinese or who eat sauerkraut. The FDA should use cost-benefit analysis when considering what risks to approve.
medicine  ScottAlexander  via:SlateStarCodex 
june 2017 by mcherm
FDA Opens Genetic Floodgates with 23andMe Decision - MIT Technology Review
Oh, good: 23andme is no longer prohibited from telling people what the research says about what their results mean.
censorship  law  medicine  via:SlateStarCodex 
may 2017 by mcherm
Why you shouldn't exercise to lose weight, explained with 60+ studies - Vox - 45 Highlights with LINER
Exercise uses far fewer calories than base metabolic rate, so weight loss is nearly unaffected by exercise. It requires restricting calories.
medicine  vox  via:HackerNews 
march 2017 by mcherm
SSC Journal Club: Mental Disorders As Networks | Slate Star Codex
Maybe the "mental disorders" we define in the DSM are so fuzzy because they aren't actually different disorders. Maybe most are just clusters of self-reinforcing symptoms.
brain  medicine  psychology  ScottAlexander  SlateStarCodex 
january 2017 by mcherm
Flickering lights may illuminate a path to Alzheimer's treatment - LA Times
"Science challenge: cure Alzheimers disease. Science challenge, hard mode: cure Alzheimers’ disease with an animated .gif." - Scott Alexander
via:SlateStarCodex  science  brain  medicine 
january 2017 by mcherm
PRE-SAFE® Sound: playing 'pink noise' in the split second before impact. - Mercedes-Benz
Play pink noise the instant before a collision to trigger a reflex that protects the ear from damage by really loud noise.
via:HackerNews  medicine  hack 
october 2016 by mcherm
The 4 Traits That Put Kids at Risk for Addiction -
This claims that sensation-seeking, impulsiveness, anxiety sensitivity and hopelessness predict 90% of the likelihood of drug addiction and that a simple test of middle-schoolers can identify it. Some on Hacker News say the actual study says otherwise.
drugs  brain  via:HackerNews  medicine  mental_illness  nytimes 
october 2016 by mcherm
Babies can train their immune systems from breastmilk
"Specific maternal immune cells in the milk cross the wall of the baby’s intestine to enter an immune organ called the thymus. Once there, they “educate” developing cells to attack the same infectious organisms to which the mother has been exposed."
breastfeeding  medicine  biology  via:reddit 
september 2016 by mcherm
The citalopram CIT-MD-18 pediatric depression trial: Deconstruction of medical ghostwriting, data mischaracterisation and academic malfeasance - IOS Press
Due to a lawsuit we can see how pharmaceutical companies manipulate scientific papers. They left out results, added some, included patients who should have been excluded, just lied about effect size, and had a marketer ghost-write the paper before any of the scientists listed as authors saw it.
science  ScientificMethod  via:SlateStarCodex  medicine 
august 2016 by mcherm
Acetaminophen use in pregnancy linked to kids' behavioral problems - LA Times
I'd like to hear more from others about the reliability of this study and whether other studies can confirm the link. Also about causality.
medicine  via:HackerNews 
august 2016 by mcherm
ER docs get heart rate info from Fitbit, save patient’s life | Ars Technica
"At present, activity trackers are not considered approved medical devices and use of their information to make medical decisions is at the clinician's own discretion."
medicine  ArsTechnica  via:ArsTechnica 
april 2016 by mcherm
Is ADHD diagnosed in accord with diagnostic criteria? Overdiagnosis and influence of client gender on diagnosis.
Study shows doctors diagnose ADHD when they shouldn't and also far more often on boys than girls.
adhd  science  medicine  via:SlateStarCodex 
march 2016 by mcherm
A new lease on life | Jon Udell
A hip replacement: the technology has gotten vastly better just in the past 2 years.
medicine  personal_net  via:JonUdell 
march 2016 by mcherm
If being too clean makes us sick, why isn't getting dirty the solution?
A little bit of detail about the hygine hypothesis for autoimmune problems. Talks about how we can't solve it just by getting dirty: it's about a lack of biodiversity in our parasites. Solving it by adding parasites is slightly beyond our current level of understanding.
medicine  via:HackerNews  animals 
january 2016 by mcherm
Sponge injection could save the lives of domestic gunshot victims | Ars Technica
Clever invention: blood-absorbing sponges to inject into a wound to prevent blood loss on the way to the hospital. It was invented for the military but is now being considered for civilian use.
medicine  invention  ArsTechnica  via:ArsTechnica 
december 2015 by mcherm
What Your Microbiome Wants for Dinner - Issue 31: Stress - Nautilus
How the digestive system works. And eat a varied diet with whole grains.
food  medicine  via:HackerNews 
december 2015 by mcherm
I believed we would face an antibiotics apocalypse - until now | Richard James | Comment is free | The Guardian
A new advance suggests we may be able to customize bacteria-killers, thus solving the antibiotic crisis!
TheGuardian  medicine  antibiotics  via:HackerNews 
november 2015 by mcherm
The woman who can smell Parkinson's disease - BBC News
She mentioned to scientists that she could smell Parkinson's. They tested her... she could.
science  medicine  ScientificMethod  via:HackerNews 
october 2015 by mcherm
When Radiation Isn’t the Real Risk -
The evacuation from Fukushima killed 10x as many people as the radiation would have IF the radiation caused maximal harm. It is also possible it would have caused little or negative harm. And researchers do a poor job of reporting LACK of harm from radiation.
physics  medicine  securitytheater  securitystupidity  nytimes  via:reddit 
september 2015 by mcherm
Antidepressant Paxil Is Unsafe for Teenagers, New Analysis Says -
Using the same data as the original study the researchers reached the opposite conclusion about the safety of this drug.
science  medicine  ScientificMethod  via:reddit 
september 2015 by mcherm
Should you take Tylenol, Advil, or aspirin for pain? Here's what the evidence says. - Vox
Useful advice on painkillers: take ibuprofen (Advil) not acetaminophen (Tylenol).
medicine  via:googleplus  vox 
september 2015 by mcherm
Sleeping on your side could reduce Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s risk, study finds - ScienceAlert
Frequency of different sleeping positions and a study showing that rats' brains clear out certain metabolites if the rats sleep on their sides.
science  brain  sleep  medicine  via:HackerNews 
august 2015 by mcherm
Prescriptions, Paradoxes, and Perversities | Slate Star Codex
Really interesting analysis of medicine for depression. Patients rating drugs well is negatively correlated with doctors rating them well. The strongest predictor of how well patients will rate the is how OLD the drugs are. Are patent law policies leading to bad medicine?
medicine  depression  science  statistics  via:SlateStarCodex  patent 
july 2015 by mcherm
Nefarious Nefazodone And Flashy Rare Side Effects | Slate Star Codex
Medicines with fantastically rare but severe and easily attributed risks are avoided by doctors in favor of medicines with common (but less severe) risks. This correlates better with doctors protecting themselves from lawsuit and media attention than with overall improvement in patient lives.
ethics  medicine  via:SlateStarCodex 
july 2015 by mcherm
No more dieting, and 7 other things we do differently after reporting on health care - Vox
Interesting. I particularly liked the graph showing variation in individual studies about whether various agents caused cancer.
medicine  via:vox 
may 2015 by mcherm
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