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The True Story Behind an Iconic Vietnam War Photo Was Nearly Erased — Until Now - The New York Times
A photographer, John Olson, approached and began to document the moment. His photo of the unconscious Marine lying on the tank surrounded by his wounded brothers-in-arms now stands among the iconic images of the Vietnam War. Some of Olson’s photos from the battle were included in a photo essay in Life magazine on March 8, 1968. The picture of the wounded Marine was the largest photo in the feature, published as a two-page spread. Both painterly and heart-wrenching, it was a raw artifact of a hellish 26-day battle that contributed to turning the American public against the war. Fifty years later, with the approach of the anniversary of the battle, that photo gained renewed exposure — by way of a best-selling book, a major exhibition at the Newseum in Washington and numerous articles and videos in the media.

With this new exposure came uncertainty, then controversy. Who was the unconscious man on the tank? In the past three years, two different story lines have emerged. The confusion raises questions of accuracy and identity. It weighs the duties of journalism against the lure of uplifting war narratives. And it brings into question how much the instinct to memorialize truly respects the dead.
War  photography  mythology  history 
2 days ago
This phenomenon of always being reachable is what Linda Stone, a former Apple and Microsoft executive, calls continuous partial attention. Unlike multitasking — juggling activities of similar importance that don’t require too much cognitive processing — C.P.A. is a state of alertness during which you’re motivated by the desire not to miss out on anything.

Ms. Stone, who gives lectures and consults on issues relating to technology and attention, describes C.P.A. as an “always-on, anywhere, anytime, any place behavior that involves an artificial sense of constant crisis.” Being distractible — allowing incessant beeps, flashes and trills to shatter any semblance of concentration — contributes to a strained lifestyle, she said. Half-paying attention to everything means you’re not able to fully pay attention to anything.

This kind of task switching comes with a cost. It’s called attention residue, a term established by Sophie Leroy, a professor at the Bothell School of Business at the University of Washington. In a 2009 study, Dr. Leroy found that if people transition their attention away from an unfinished task, their subsequent task performance will suffer. For example, if you interrupt writing an email to reply to a text message, it will take time to refocus when you turn your attention back to finishing your email. That little bit of time of adjusting your focus — the residue — compounds throughout the day. As we fragment our attention, fatigue and stress increases, which negatively affects performance.
shallows  phone  technology 
9 days ago
Chicago Kids Exposed To Lead And Other Factors Struggle As Adults | WBEZ
Chicago kids who grow up with high levels of lead in their blood and in communities with high rates of violence and incarceration suffer as adults. That’s according to a new Harvard University study that examines data from Chicago children who grew up in the 1990s. The analysis was published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 

Co-authored by PhD student Robert Manduca and sociologist Robert Sampson, the study aimed to go beyond a more traditional focus on poverty and tease out possible correlations between specific environmental factors and adult outcomes. 

The researchers refer to the three factors of incarceration, violence and lead exposure as creating “toxic neighborhood environments.” And they found that these factors were associated with disparities between groups in areas of incarceration, more teen pregnancy and lower wages.
class  race  inequalities  prisons  sociology  NPR 
15 days ago
Part 1: The Myth Of The Frontier | On the Media | WNYC Studios
In his new book, The End of the Myth: From the Frontier to the Border Wall in the Mind of America, Grandin traces how the idea of endless, unstoppable growth has influenced US policy and psychology — and how President Trump’s call for a barrier at the southern border upends the idea of America as a country of boundless possibility.
history  mythology  politics 
18 days ago
2020 presidential election: Kamala Harris’s plan to raise teacher pay, explained - Vox
“We are a nation and a society that pretends to care about education. But not so much the education of other people’s children. We gotta deal with that,” Harris said Saturday, previewing her plan. “You can judge a society by the way it treats its children. And one of the greatest expressions of love that a society can give its children is educating those children with the resources they need. Teachers are our greatest resource in that endeavor.”
education  Speech  mythology  nthsea 
22 days ago
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29 days ago
Here's What's Become Of A Historic All-Black Town (Mound Bayou) In The Mississippi Delta : NPR
Teddy Roosevelt proclaimed it "The Jewel of the Delta."

Booker T. Washington praised it as a model of "thrift and self-government."

Mound Bayou, in the Mississippi Delta: a town founded in 1887 by former slaves, with a vision that was revolutionary for its time.

From the start, it was designed to be a self-reliant, autonomous, all-black community.

For decades, Mound Bayou thrived and prospered, becoming famous for empowering its black citizens. The town also became known as a haven from the virulent racism of the Jim Crow South.

"It's almost like it was an inverted or alternate universe, where being black was a positive thing," says Rolando Herts, director of the Delta Center for Culture and Learning at Delta State University.
history  race  inequalities 
4 weeks ago
Segregation in the Armed Forces During World War II and the Double V Campaign || The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
Two months to the day after Pearl Harbor (Feb. 7, 1942), the most widely read black newspaper in America, the Pittsburgh Courier, found a way to split the difference — actually, the newspaper cleverly intertwined them into a symbol and a national campaign that urged black people to give their all for the war effort, while at the same time calling on the government to do all it could to make the rhetoric of the Declaration of Independence and the equal rights amendments to the Constitution real for every citizen, regardless of race. And in honor of the battle against enemies from without and within, they called it “the Double V Campaign.”
War  race  history  inequalities 
4 weeks ago
The Second Middle Passage || The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
That second forced migration was known as the domestic, or internal, slave trade: “In the seven decades between the ratification of the Constitution [in 1787] and the Civil War [1861],” the historian Walter Johnson tells us in his book Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market, “approximately one million enslaved people were relocated from the upper South to the lower South … two thirds of these through … the domestic slave trade.” In other words, two and a half times more African Americans were directly affected by the second Middle Passage than the first one.
race  history  Economics  inequalities 
4 weeks ago
The Truth Behind '40 Acres and a Mule' || The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
It is difficult to stress adequately how revolutionary this idea was: As the historian Eric Foner puts it in his book, Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877, “Here in coastal South Carolina and Georgia, the prospect beckoned of a transformation of Southern society more radical even than the end of slavery.”
War  race  history  inequalities 
4 weeks ago
RNC Didn’t Infringe Photographer’s Copyright, Montana Judge Rules | PDNPulse
The court ruled that the cropping and minor alterations to the light in the photograph did not transform the work. However, because the text in the mailer used Quist’s musicianship “to criticize his candidacy, subverting the purpose and function of the work,” it was transformative, the court ruled.
COPYRIGHT  photo  politics 
4 weeks ago
Derek Black and Matthew Stevenson — How Friendship and Quiet Conversations Transformed a White Nationalist - The On Being Project
Sociology Sal:
Retweeted Krista Tippett
This was a great episode. For #teachsoc it highlights ingroups/outgroups, stereotypes, and the importance of personal connection. #race
inequalities  sociology  race  Podcast  NPR 
4 weeks ago
Facial recognition's 'dirty little secret': Millions of online photos scraped without consent
Facial recognition can log you into your iPhone, track criminals through crowds and identify loyal customers in stores.

The technology — which is imperfect but improving rapidly — is based on algorithms that learn how to recognize human faces and the hundreds of ways in which each one is unique.

To do this well, the algorithms must be fed hundreds of thousands of images of a diverse array of faces. Increasingly, those photos are coming from the internet, where they’re swept up by the millions without the knowledge of the people who posted them, categorized by age, gender, skin tone and dozens of other metrics, and shared with researchers at universities and companies.
privacy  1984  photos  sociology  Social  Media  Corporation 
5 weeks ago
See Ambrose in Perspectives (78-79). Seems to oversimplify Truman's understanding of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Did he REALLY not know these were civilian targets? Did the military really have a third bomb ready to drop? What about the option of dropping a demonstration bomb on a deserted island? Why wasn't that even mentioned?

Also, underplays the role of civilian authority centered on an elected commander-in-chief.

Ultimately, the absurdity of having nuclear weapons is never really addressed. In the end, why even argue over who decides or if there is a check on the president? Has this just occurred to people because of Trump? If there wasn't significant reform after Nixon, there wouldn't be any more political will. Plus, what about the Long Peace?

The protagonist in this story clearly signaled to his superiors that he had reservations about following orders. That alone disqualified him.

Former DoD Secretary Perry suggests the wisest course (having Congress declare war), but it comes down to a Constitutional struggle between the branches of government over control. But hasn't Congress effectively abdicated its war powers? No declared wars since WW II.
history  mythology  WWII 
6 weeks ago
They Left Me Out, and I Saw It All - The New York Times
FOMO versus actually knowing that you are missing out
sociology  Social  Media 
7 weeks ago
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