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Segregation in the Armed Forces During World War II and the Double V Campaign || The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
Two months to the day after Pearl Harbor (Feb. 7, 1942), the most widely read black newspaper in America, the Pittsburgh Courier, found a way to split the difference — actually, the newspaper cleverly intertwined them into a symbol and a national campaign that urged black people to give their all for the war effort, while at the same time calling on the government to do all it could to make the rhetoric of the Declaration of Independence and the equal rights amendments to the Constitution real for every citizen, regardless of race. And in honor of the battle against enemies from without and within, they called it “the Double V Campaign.”
War  race  history  inequalities 
4 days ago by oripsolob
The Truth Behind '40 Acres and a Mule' || The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
It is difficult to stress adequately how revolutionary this idea was: As the historian Eric Foner puts it in his book, Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877, “Here in coastal South Carolina and Georgia, the prospect beckoned of a transformation of Southern society more radical even than the end of slavery.”
War  race  history  inequalities 
4 days ago by oripsolob
'Unexampled Courage' Tells The Story That Inspired Integration Of U.S. Armed Forces : NPR
Isaac Woodard, Judge Jay Waties Waring (aristocratic descendant of slaveowners), and Harry Truman

Waring: "I had to decide whether I was going to be ruled by white supremacy or be a federal judge and decide the law."

Dissented in the landmark 1951 Briggs v. Elliott case.

Though the plaintiffs lost the case before the three judge panel which voted 2-1 for the defendants, Waring's eloquent dissent, and his phrase, "Segregation is per se inequality" set the stage for 1954 Brown v. Board.
race  politics  history  inequalities  War  NPR 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
The Flu Felt Around The World | On the Media | WNYC Studios
And it's actually not until pretty much the end of the 20th century that you start to have really scrupulous attempts to figure out how massive had the global toll been. And then the toll starts to jack up to somewhere between 75 and 100 million. I mean this whole parts of the planet that weren't even counted like most of Africa. As far as we can tell, there was no place on earth that missed the 1918 flu.

There are any number of reports to be found where an individual got on the subway in Coney Island and was dead by the time they reached the Upper East Side. It was hemorrhagic. People's bodies turned black. They had internal bleeding. They coughed up blood.

All the schools were closed in Baltimore. And his father ordered all the children to remain inside the house until whatever this is ends. So for months, they were locked basically inside the home and his job as a little boy was to sit in a certain place by the front window and keep a log of hearses coming down the street and see if you can identify how many caskets were pulled out of the neighbor's houses. Imagine that was his job.

AMANDA ARONCZYK: And yet incredibly, unimaginable as it may seem in today's breathless hype filled media environment, the overarching story of life on Earth wasn't big news.

LAURIE GARRETT: It's interesting because as the flu rolled out across the nation, it's remarkable when you go through old newspapers to see how little coverage it actually got. And I think everybody who's ever dug into the history of 1918 has been struck by this. There is only a, you know, a few newspapers that were really dedicated to the story. And of course there was no such thing as a science reporter or a health reporter. These were written by the same guy who yesterday was covering a brawl in a high school gym, you know?
history  War  Media 
december 2018 by oripsolob
Peter van Agtmael’s Eye on America - The New York Times
“There’s this pressure that war can be a shortcut to becoming a man that was appealing,” he explained. “I understood war was screwed up, but I also liked the idea of being respected for bravery,” he said, adding, “along with other dark and immature reasons.”

In his early stints, he said, he looked at the war mainly from the perspective of an American on the front lines. But he soon realized that the war was more about America in the Middle East and the people who lived there. Those people, he said, were the ones affected by it, the ones “who we generally refuse to see as three-dimensional human beings.”

As the wars continued, he said, he grew more interested in knowing what it was about America that made it “keep on fighting these reckless wars in reckless ways.”

In truth, he knew little about his own country.

“I started discovering America while on embeds in Iraq and Afghanistan because I was suddenly seeing a cross culture of race and class in American society that I hadn’t been exposed to growing up,” he said.
photography  conference  2018  War  gender  race  class 
december 2018 by oripsolob
Drunk History: "Charleston" :: Comedy :: Reviews :: Drunk History :: Paste
He’s recounting the truly inspirational story of Robert Smalls (Brandon T. Jackson), a former slave who leads a takeover of a Confederate ship and later enlists thousands of black soldiers for the Union army. (
history  Video  War  race 
november 2018 by oripsolob
Frederick Douglass in Full - The New York Times
Dependent upon abolitionist charity for his family’s daily bread, Douglass nonetheless chafed under a stifling Garrisonian orthodoxy that required adherents to embrace pacifism and abstain from politics. He charted a course away from all that by starting his own newspaper and openly embracing as household saints blood-drenched figures like the slave-rebellion leader Nat Turner and the white revolutionary John Brown, both of whom he classed with the founders.
Books  history  race  politics  War 
november 2018 by oripsolob
Opinion | What America Owes Frederick Douglass - The New York Times
Editorial by David W. Blight

"The very thing Your Excellency would avoid” — a race war — “in the Southern states can only be avoided by the very measure that we propose,” i.e., black suffrage, Douglass said. As the delegation walked out, the president was overheard saying: “Those damned sons of bitches thought they had me in a trap. I know that damned Douglass; he’s just like any nigger, and would sooner cut a white man’s throat than not.”

Douglass left a timeless maxim for republics in times of crisis: “Our government may at some time be in the hands of a bad man. When in the hands of a good man it is all well enough.” But “we ought to have our government so shaped that even when in the hands of a bad man we shall be safe.” Politics, he insisted, mattered as much as the air he breathed.
history  race  War  constitution  politics 
november 2018 by oripsolob
Starship Troopers: One of the Most Misunderstood Movies Ever - The Atlantic
But those critics had missed the point. Starship Troopers is satire, a ruthlessly funny and keenly self-aware sendup of right-wing militarism.
Movie  sociology  War  history 
october 2018 by oripsolob
How 'The Battle Hymn Of The Republic' Became Everybody's Anthem : NPR
A quick bit of history: It's the middle of the Civil War. Union soldiers are sitting around a campfire, goofing off, singing songs — and they're ribbing on this one guy. "One of the members of the singing group is a Scottish immigrant named John Brown," Harvard professor John Stauffer says.

To be clear, he's not talking about the famous abolitionist, who was executed before the war even began; this John Brown was just a regular soldier. Stauffer, who co-authored the book The Battle Hymn of the Republic: A Biography of the Song that Marches On, says the soldiers were making up new lyrics to the tune of an old hymn, "Say Brothers, Will You Meet Us."

"So when they start making up songs to pass the time, comrades needle him and say, 'You can't be John Brown — John Brown's dead.' And then another soldier would add, 'His body's moulderin' in the grave,' " Stauffer explains. Though their impromptu rewrite was inspired by a regular soldier, the ghost of the abolitionist loomed large — and a marching song called "John Brown's Body" was born.
history  Music  War 
july 2018 by oripsolob
How Trump's 'War' On The 'Deep State' Is Leading To The Dismantling Of Government : NPR
GROSS: One of the new hires in the Trump administration is John Bolton. He is the new national security adviser. You're probably familiar with him from the Iraq War days.

OSNOS: Right. Exactly. John Bolton was one of the advocates for the invasion of Iraq. He was a senior arms control expert at the State Department and has been sort of in Washington ever since - you know, not in especially prominent roles, but he's well-known, particularly to Republicans, in that administration.

GROSS: One of the people you spoke to for your New Yorker piece is Lawrence Wilkerson, who was Colin Powell's chief of staff during the George W. Bush administration, and - you know, during the lead-up to the war in Iraq and during the war in Iraq. And he told you he's afraid that the Trump administration is building a case for attacking Iran just as the Bush administration built a case for invading Iraq under the false charges that Iraq had functioning weapons of mass destruction. Do you share his concern about Iran?

OSNOS: Well, I do see a pattern emerging - that the administration is making an increasingly strident case that Iran as a national security threat to the United States, as they put it, is something that we cannot afford to wait to resolve. And that is language that is very similar to what we heard in 2002 and 2003. You know, the key message in the run-up to the war in Iraq was that this was a war of necessity. We didn't have a choice was what we were told because if we didn't do it - that Iraq was developing the chemical, biological and perhaps nuclear weapons that would be a risk to the U.S.

And Lawrence Wilkerson was, as he readily described, one of the people who was responsible for making that case. He helped write the speech that Colin Powell gave to the U.N. Security Council in which he argued for support of the invasion of Iraq. And what Wilkerson says today is that he sees very much, as he put it, the same playbook, and that worries him. And I think there's some real truth to that. But as he put it, you know, some of the same people are now in place, and John Bolton is at the center of his argument.

MADMAN THEORY: Melvin Laird in 1969 was Richard Nixon's secretary of defense. And Nixon had this idea which he called the madman theory - the idea that if he made the Soviet Union think that he was crazy - that he was unhinged - that they might capitulate to American interests. And so he wanted to do things that were especially aggressive. And in 1969, he ordered Melvin Laird to put the U.S. nuclear forces on high alert, meaning that they would send out planes and let it be known to the Soviet Union that they were essentially, potentially, preparing to use the nuclear arsenal.
politics  history  War  iraq  NPR 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Powers of Persuasion | National Archives
Part 1: Patriotic Pride (Man the Guns!

It's a Women's War Too!
United We Win
Use it Up, Wear it Out
Four Freedoms


Part 2: Staying Vigilant

Warning!
This is Nazi Brutality
He's Watching You
Meaning of Sacrifice
Stamp 'Em Out
images  WWII  War  history  women  race 
april 2018 by oripsolob
All World War II Posters (catalog)
Powers of Persuasion / high resolution available by selecting JPG images filter
War  WWII  history  images 
april 2018 by oripsolob
When the government refused to use slavery to recruit soldiers, the media had no qualms
While their motive was questionable, America finally saw regiments of black Union soldiers living and dying alongside their white countrymen
War  race  history  images 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Hanover Schools vote to keep Confederate names | WTVR.com
Lee-Davis High School and Stonewall Jackson Middle School in Hanover County, Virginia
history  mythology  race  inequalities  War 
april 2018 by oripsolob
The United States of Amnesia - On The Media | WNYC Studios
Fifteen years since the start of the Iraq War, we live in what many see as a fresh hell: the erosion of institutions and standards at the highest levels. But political science professor Corey Robin argues that the Trump era is merely an extension of the same reflex that gave us the Iraq War — and much that preceded it. Robin recently wrote a piece for Harper's Magazine about the American tendency to re-imagine the past. He and Brooke discuss our collective failure to draw connections between Trump and what came before, and how it forms part of a longer pattern of forgetting in American culture.

This segment is from our March 30, 2018 program, We, the Liberators.

"Whatever you're currently confronting is something we've never seen before..."

"The very person who ten years ago you would have been reviling in exactly the same terms, suddenly becomes anodyne, human, a man you'd want to hug..."

FDR, Lincoln: These were "realignment presidents". Presidents who don't just run against a candidate; they run against a whole nexus or web of institutions

When liberals make it personal (about Nixon, Reagan, Bush, Trump), they are signaling to everybody, "just get this guy out" and "everything will go back to normal."

Missed opportunities.
Podcast  history  NPR  War  iraq  politics  Books 
april 2018 by oripsolob
How Neoconservatism Led the US Into Iraq - On The Media | WNYC Studios
If you ask Democrats why the U.S. invaded Iraq in 2003, many will say that President George W. Bush cynically lied about weapons of mass destruction. Republicans — as we heard during the 2016 presidential debates — will say that President Bush meant well, but had been led astray by faulty intelligence.

Both of these narratives persist — and both distort the past, according to New York Times columnist Max Fisher. Fisher argues that the invasion was instead simply the natural unfolding of the neoconservative worldview. He and Brooke unpack the hubris behind this worldview and examine how it grew from an esoteric, academic ideology into a force that still shapes American policies and minds today.

Mentions Manifest Destiny, Vietnam War, Pentagon Papers

See: https://www.vox.com/2016/2/16/11022104/iraq-war-neoconservatives
iraq  War  mythology  history  NPR  Podcast 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Exclusive: Trump privately talks up executing all big drug dealers - Axios
He often jokes about killing drug dealers... He’ll say, 'You know the Chinese and Filipinos don’t have a drug problem. They just kill them.'
— A senior administration official to Axios
War  constitution  prisons  sociology 
february 2018 by oripsolob
Race, Class, and the Framing 
of Drug Epidemics - Contexts
Something as simple as taking the bus to work, an hour and a half commute, turns into a lesson about life at the margins in a state governed by an opiate panic. Conversation inevitably turns to why someone is riding public transportation in a rural area where a vehicle is a necessity. I hear stories of people whose cars have been seized by the police, through asset forfeiture, returned to them so damaged from drug searches that the cars are beyond repair. People travel two hours south or north to meet with probation officers; an appointment in the afternoon means they might have to take the day off from work, spending several hours loitering in a local park or library until they can check in for the weekly supervision that costs them $100 a month. Lapses in regular ridership are often explained by a return to jail because of missed appointments with probation officers or positive drug tests.
War  race  class  inequalities  sociology  history 
december 2017 by oripsolob
Nixon’s Vietnam Treachery - The New York Times
Richard M. Nixon always denied it: to David Frost, to historians and to Lyndon B. Johnson, who had the strongest suspicions and the most cause for outrage at his successor’s rumored treachery. To them all, Nixon insisted that he had not sabotaged Johnson’s 1968 peace initiative to bring the war in Vietnam to an early conclusion. “My God. I would never do anything to encourage” South Vietnam “not to come to the table,” Nixon told Johnson, in a conversation captured on the White House taping system.

Now we know Nixon lied.
War  election  history 
november 2017 by oripsolob
“This is treason”: Nixon, Vietnam and the “sordid story” of the Chennault Affair - Salon.com
In a televised address on October 31, President Johnson announced a halt to the bombing and the start of peace talks with the North “in which the Government of [South] Vietnam was free to participate.” Nixon’s lead in the polls evaporated. The final Gallup poll before the election showed the race within the margin of error.

But on November 2, the Saturday before Election Day, President Thieu publicly announced that South Vietnam was boycotting the Paris peace talks....Thieu’s objections were pretexts. He objected to holding peace talks at all, since he thought they would provide a pretext for American withdrawal and thereby doom South Vietnam to a Communist takeover. He also preferred Nixon, the prominent Cold Warrior, to Humphrey, the liberal who had privately objected to the Americanization of the war in the first place....

That same day, Johnson got an FBI wiretap report confirming that the Nixon campaign was secretly encouraging Thieu’s boycott. On the tapped embassy phone, Chennault [Nixon's SVN proxy] told Ambassador Diem “that she had received a message from her boss (not further identified),” the FBI report said. The message: “Hold on, we are gonna win.”

Furious, Johnson called the highest-ranking elected Republican in the land, Senate Minority Leader Everett M. Dirksen, R–IL, and threatened to expose the Nixon campaign.

President Johnson: Now, I’m reading their hand, Everett. I don’t want to get this in the campaign.

Dirksen: That’s right.

President Johnson: And they oughtn’t to be doing this. This is treason.

Dirksen: I know.
history  War 
november 2017 by oripsolob
Frederick Douglass Shut Down Robert E. Lee Glorifiers More Than a Century Ago
“Whatever else I may forget, I shall never forget the difference between those who fought for liberty and those who fought for slavery; between those who fought to save the Republic and those who fought to destroy it,” Douglass said in one of his final public addresses, in 1894 at Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester, New York.

In 1870, when newspapers praised Lee and lamented his death, Douglass wrote an editorial in The New National Era, asking, “Is it not about time that this bombastic laudation of the rebel chief should cease?”

He added that the paper’s staff “could scarcely take up a paper that comes to us from the South, that is not filled with nauseating flatteries of the late Robert E. Lee; and many Northern journals also join in these undeserved tributes to his memory.” Even The New York Times wrote in Lee's obituary, "His personal integrity was well known, and his loyalty and patriotism was not doubted." 
race  War  history  Media 
november 2017 by oripsolob
#NOLASyllabus – CIVIL WAR MEMORY
A Crowdsourcing Project About New Orleans, Confederate Monuments, and Civil War Memory
history  War  mythology 
august 2017 by oripsolob
The cult of memory: when history does more harm than good | David Rieff | Education | The Guardian
Hyperthymesia is a rare medical condition that has been defined as being marked by “unusual autobiographical remembering”. The medical journal Neurocase: The Neural Basis of Cognition identifies its two main characteristics: first that a person spends “an abnormally large amount of time thinking about his or her personal past”, and second that the person “has an extraordinary capacity to recall specific events from [his or her] personal past”.

To the sceptical eye, the contemporary elevation of remembrance and the deprecation of forgetting, these can come to seem like nothing so much as hyperthymesia writ large. Remembrance, however important a role it may play in the life of groups, and whatever moral and ethical demands it responds to, carries risks that at times also have an existential character. During wars or social and political crises, the danger is not what the American historian Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi called the “terror of forgetting”, but rather the terror of remembering too well, too vividly.
history  psychology  mythology  war  books 
may 2016 by oripsolob
Secret World War II Chemical Experiments Tested Troops By Race : NPR
Edwards was one of 60,000 enlisted men enrolled in a once-secret government program — formally declassified in 1993 — to test mustard gas and other chemical agents on American troops. But there was a specific reason he was chosen: Edwards is African-American. Even once the program was declassified, however, the race-based experiments remained largely a secret until a researcher in Canada disclosed some of the details in 2008. Susan Smith, a medical historian at the University of Alberta in Canada, published an article in The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. In it, she suggested that black and Puerto Rican troops were tested in search of an "ideal chemical soldier." If they were more resistant, they could be used on the front lines while white soldiers stayed back, protected from the gas.
race  war  inequalities  history  ais 
june 2015 by oripsolob
The Bill That Nobody Read - On The Media
USA PATRIOT Act: listen to the whole episode before you judge.
constitution  9/11  war  ais  history  privacy  npr 
may 2015 by oripsolob
course.cas.sc.edu/germanyk/post1945/materials/clips/1963_1104_jfk_vietnam_memoir.swf
Kennedy discusses the assassination of Diem, plays with John John and Caroline
jfk  ais  audio  war 
march 2015 by oripsolob
Dinsmore Ely, one who served : Ely, Dinsmore, 1894-1918 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive
Susan Holderread: I wanted to let you know about a great archival resource for those of you who teach about WWI. Dinsmore Ely, a New Trier student, fought in WWI and was killed in action. (He’s quoted on a plaque in the library). His father published a book of his letters describing his experiences and that text is available online here:
history  war  books 
february 2015 by oripsolob
“Glory” Regiment Attacks Fort Wagner, 150 Years Ago — History in the Headlines
Confederate soldiers buried Shaw’s body with his fallen black comrades in a mass grave in the island sand in an intended sign of disrespect. The colonel’s father, however, saw it differently: “We can imagine no holier place than that in which he lies, among his brave and devoted followers, nor wish for him better company—what a body-guard he has!” While the decades passed and the sea began to claim the unmarked mass grave, the 54th Regiment slipped from the national consciousness. That all changed, however, when their exploits were immortalized in the 1989 movie “Glory”—starring Denzel Washington, Morgan Freeman and Matthew Broderick.
history  war  race  inequalities  mythology  ais  movie 
november 2014 by oripsolob
'Ole Miss' Debates Campus Traditions With Confederate Roots : NPR
Some students, too, are uncomfortable with the changes. "I'm all about tradition and I think that it should remain Confederate Drive. It's just part of the history of the South," says W.T. Bailey, an accounting and finance student. One tradition that's not changing is the university's nickname, "Ole Miss." The phrase was how slaves once addressed the mistress of the plantation. It's ubiquitous on campus, on signs, sweatshirts and in the football cheer. "Ole Miss has been here since I can remember, it needs to stay," says Tommy Lee, a 1982 Ole Miss grad. "That is our slogan: We are Ole Miss."
ais  race  war  history  names 
november 2014 by oripsolob
On Iraq, Echoes of 2003 - NYTimes.com
The war claimed 4,500 American lives and, according to a mortality study published in a peer-reviewed American journal, 500,000 Iraqi lives. Linda Bilmes, a Harvard expert in public finance, tells me that her latest estimate is that the total cost to the United States of the Iraq war will be $4 trillion. That’s a $35,000 tax on the average American household. The total would be enough to ensure that all children could attend preschool in the United States, that most people with AIDS worldwide could receive treatment, and that every child worldwide could attend school — for the next 83 years. Instead, we financed a futile war that was like a Mobius strip, bringing us right back to an echo of where we started.
iraq  war  economics  money  inequalities  ais 
june 2014 by oripsolob
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