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October 2015 – amy hodges
Review of
blog  ais 
may 2018 by oripsolob
An American Studies:
The official blog of Spiro Bolos and John S. O'Connor
ais  history  blog  AISblog  english  writing 
june 2017 by oripsolob
How Donald Trump happened: Racism against Barack Obama.
In a 2011 paper, Robin DiAngelo—a professor of multicultural education at Westfield State University—described a phenomenon she called “white fragility.” “White Fragility is a state in which even a minimum amount of racial stress becomes intolerable, triggering a range of defensive moves,” she writes. “These moves include the outward display of emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and behaviors such as argumentation, silence, and leaving the stress-inducing situation. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium.”
politics  sociology  race  inequalities  history  ais  election 
march 2016 by oripsolob
America's Long (Unaddressed) History of Class - On The Media - WNYC
Nancy Isenberg, author of the forthcoming book, White Trash: The 400-Year Untold Story of Class in America, argues that the myth of America as a classless nation has obscured an ugly truth: that this country was founded on a disdain for the poor that has never been fully addressed.
class  radio  race  inequalities  sociology  books  history  ais 
march 2016 by oripsolob
Tactical Experts Destroy the NRA’s Heroic Gunslinger Fantasy | The Nation
For every justifiable homicide in the US, guns are used to commit 34 murders and 78 suicides.
mythology  sociology  ais  constitution 
december 2015 by oripsolob
Sydney Howard Gay’s "Record of Fugitives"
The Record of Fugitives in its entirety consists of two notebooks and several pages of addenda. These materials are presented on this website in three different view formats. Using the navigational options to the left, researchers can examine individual pages of the record, with each image accompanied by its transcribed text. To read the record in this way, click on "Book 1" to get started. It is also possible to view and download the entire document in either an image (facsimile) or textual (transcription) version.
race  history  ais  inequalities 
november 2015 by oripsolob
Secret World War II Chemical Experiments Tested Troops By Race : NPR
Edwards was one of 60,000 enlisted men enrolled in a once-secret government program — formally declassified in 1993 — to test mustard gas and other chemical agents on American troops. But there was a specific reason he was chosen: Edwards is African-American. Even once the program was declassified, however, the race-based experiments remained largely a secret until a researcher in Canada disclosed some of the details in 2008. Susan Smith, a medical historian at the University of Alberta in Canada, published an article in The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. In it, she suggested that black and Puerto Rican troops were tested in search of an "ideal chemical soldier." If they were more resistant, they could be used on the front lines while white soldiers stayed back, protected from the gas.
race  war  inequalities  history  ais 
june 2015 by oripsolob
Racial Bias in Crime Reporting - On The Media
Research shows the media disproportionately depict African-Americans as criminals, and whites as victims. Brooke speaks with Nazgol Ghandnoosh, research analyst at The Sentencing Project, about her study, "Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies," which details how media distortions feed our own implicit biases. (And you can take Harvard's Implicit Association Test yourself here.)
media  race  inequalities  sociology  ais  npr 
june 2015 by oripsolob
The Bill That Nobody Read - On The Media
USA PATRIOT Act: listen to the whole episode before you judge.
constitution  9/11  war  ais  history  privacy  npr 
may 2015 by oripsolob
Why Reconstruction Matters - Eric Foner
By the turn of the century, with the acquiescence of the Supreme Court, a comprehensive system of racial, political and economic inequality, summarized in the phrase Jim Crow, had come into being across the South. At the same time, the supposed horrors of Reconstruction were invoked as far away as South Africa and Australia to demonstrate the necessity of excluding nonwhite peoples from political rights. This is why W.E.B. Du Bois, in his great 1935 work “Black Reconstruction in America,” saw the end of Reconstruction as a tragedy for democracy, not just in the United States but around the globe.
history  ais  race  inequalities  constitution 
april 2015 by oripsolob
Kennedy discusses the assassination of Diem, plays with John John and Caroline
jfk  ais  audio  war 
march 2015 by oripsolob
Why we still need Black History Month, even though #28daysarenotenough -
Some critics suggest that a one month ritual is inadequate to the task. The hashtag campaign #28daysarenotenough is being used to express the impossibility of exploring the entirety of the black past in one month's time. But others go further, advocating that the month should fall victim to its own success. Black history, in this view, is an established part of American history. Relegating the subject its own month segregates African American history from the "we" in "we the people." Carter Woodson's vision stands the test of time. And his approach -- which we call Black History Month -- helps ensure that understandings of the black past extend beyond ivy-covered towers and into the lives of students, teachers and the world.
race  history  ais  inequalities 
february 2015 by oripsolob
The Financial Consequences of Saying 'Black,' vs. 'African American' - The Atlantic
In one of the study’s experiments, subjects were given a brief description of a man from Chicago with the last name Williams. To one group, he was identified as “African-American,” and another was told he was “Black.” With little else to go on, they were asked to estimate Mr. Williams’s salary, professional standing, and educational background. The “African-American” group estimated that he earned about $37,000 a year and had a two-year college degree. The “Black” group, on the other hand, put his salary at about $29,000, and guessed that he had only "some" college experience. Nearly three-quarters of the first group guessed that Mr. Williams worked at a managerial level, while 38.5 percent of the second group thought so.
race  inequalities  money  ais  sociology 
february 2015 by oripsolob
Steamboat Times - Currier & Ives
A Cotton Plantation on the Mississippi ~ 1884 Full title: 'A Cotton Plantation on the Mississippi. The Harvest, 1884.' William Aiken Walker: ~ (b Charleston, SC, 23 March 1838; d Charleston, 3 Jan 1921) William Aiken Walker is considered to a leading painter of the American South, and is known for his paintings of Negroes, plantations, cotton fields, and dock scenes. The son of a prominent cotton agent, he was a true Southerner, born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1838.
history  images  ais  race 
february 2015 by oripsolob
The Fall And Rise Of U.S. Inequality, In 2 Graphs : Planet Money : NPR
In the first phase, known as the great compression, inequality fell. Incomes rose for people in the bottom 90 percent of the income distribution, as the postwar boom led to high demand for workers with low and moderate skills. At the same time, income was basically stagnant for the top 1 percent of earners. A combination of high marginal tax rates (around 80 percent) for the wealthy, and social norms, may have kept a lid on wages at the top, according to the economists who gathered the data we used to make the graphs. In the last 35 years, the reverse occurred. Top marginal tax rates fell sharply. Incomes rose for those in the top 1 percent, largely driven by rapidly rising pay for top executives. At the same time, a combination of global competition, automation, and declining union membership, among other factors, led to stagnant wages for most workers.
money  class  sociology  ais  economics  inequalities  design 
february 2015 by oripsolob
Mass incarceration: A provocative new theory for why so many Americans are in prison.
So, between ’75 and ’91, it’s almost certain that the increase in crime had to play at least some significant role in increasing the prison population. The scale of the crime boom that took place was dramatic: From 1960 to 1991, violent crime rose by 400 percent, and property crime rose by 200 percent. So clearly what’s happening is we’re just admitting more people to prison. Though we have a smaller pool of people being arrested, we’re sending a larger and larger number of them to prison. Why would that be? What appears to happen during this time—the years I look at are 1994 to 2008, just based on the data that’s available—is that the probability that a district attorneys file a felony charge against an arrestee goes from about 1 in 3, to 2 in 3. So over the course of the ’90s and 2000s, district attorneys just got much more aggressive in how they filed charges. Defendants who they would not have filed felony charges against before, they now are charging with felonies.
prisons  sociology  ais  history 
february 2015 by oripsolob
Can Students Have Too Much Tech? -
The problem is the differential impact on children from poor families. Babies born to low-income parents spend at least 40 percent of their waking hours in front of a screen — more than twice the time spent by middle-class babies. They also get far less cuddling and bantering over family meals than do more privileged children. The give-and-take of these interactions is what predicts robust vocabularies and school success. Apps and videos don’t. If children who spend more time with electronic devices are also more likely to be out of sync with their peers’ behavior and learning by the fourth grade, why would adding more viewing and clicking to their school days be considered a good idea?
shallows  education  technology  class  inequalities  sociology  ais  speech  politics 
january 2015 by oripsolob
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