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How We Analyzed Video Gambling in Illinois | ProPublica Illinois
More often than not, video gambling machines are found in lower-income communities, our analysis of demographic data found. Devices can be found in Berwyn but not Oak Park, Waukegan but not Lake Forest, Harvey but not Palos Park. In fact, as the average income level of a community decreases, the average number of machines increases. The city of Chicago does not allow gambling machines within the city limits and has therefore been excluded from this analysis.

We found a significant negative correlation between the number of video gambling machines and the average household income of a city and a county.
Games  Video  sociology  class  inequalities 
28 days ago by oripsolob
How We Analyzed Video Gambling in Illinois | ProPublica Illinois
The first story in the series, published Jan. 16, looks at the finances behind the expansion of video gambling. For this story, we conducted a demographic analysis of where machines are distributed. The analysis found the number of machines increases as the average income level of the community decreases.
sociology  class  inequalities  Games 
28 days ago by oripsolob
The Gap | National Low Income Housing Coalition
No State Has an Adequate Supply of Affordable Rental Housing for the Lowest Income Renters
class  sociology  inequalities  housing 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
Peter van Agtmael’s Eye on America - The New York Times
“There’s this pressure that war can be a shortcut to becoming a man that was appealing,” he explained. “I understood war was screwed up, but I also liked the idea of being respected for bravery,” he said, adding, “along with other dark and immature reasons.”

In his early stints, he said, he looked at the war mainly from the perspective of an American on the front lines. But he soon realized that the war was more about America in the Middle East and the people who lived there. Those people, he said, were the ones affected by it, the ones “who we generally refuse to see as three-dimensional human beings.”

As the wars continued, he said, he grew more interested in knowing what it was about America that made it “keep on fighting these reckless wars in reckless ways.”

In truth, he knew little about his own country.

“I started discovering America while on embeds in Iraq and Afghanistan because I was suddenly seeing a cross culture of race and class in American society that I hadn’t been exposed to growing up,” he said.
photography  conference  2018  War  gender  race  class 
december 2018 by oripsolob
Walking-to-Work Stories: Heartwarming or Harmful? | On the Media | WNYC Studios
We begin this week's transit-oriented theme show with a story of Good Samaritans and gratitude. Specifically, the beloved, "heartwarming" media trope of the person who walks miles and miles and miles to work — usually out of heartbreaking necessity — and is rewarded for their perseverance with a car, or a bike, or at least an appearance on the 5 o'clock news. Uplifting as these tales may sometimes be, they are also "terrible," as Streetsblog national reporter Angie Schmitt explained to Brooke.
story  race  class  car  sociology  inequalities  NPR  Podcast  radio  Media 
november 2018 by oripsolob
Opportunity Insights
"Translating Research Into Policy Action to Increase Upward Mobility"
class  race  sociology  inequalities  Map 
october 2018 by oripsolob
The Opportunity Atlas
Could be connected to the Social Class Stations activity, adding the dimension of race.
Map  sociology  class  inequalities  race 
october 2018 by oripsolob
The American Dream Is Harder To Find In Some Neighborhoods | WBEZ
A new online data tool being made public Monday finds a strong correlation between where people are raised and their chances of achieving the American dream.

Harvard University economist Raj Chetty has been working with a team of researchers on this tool — the first of its kind because it marries U.S. Census Bureau data with data from the Internal Revenue Service. And the findings are changing how researchers think about economic mobility.

It used to be that people born in the 1940s or '50s were virtually guaranteed to achieve the American dream of earning more than your parents did, Chetty says. But that's not the case anymore.

"You see that for kids turning 30 today, who were born in the mid-1980s, only 50 percent of them go on to earn more than their parents did," Chetty says. "It's a coin flip as to whether you are now going to achieve the American dream."
mythology  sociology  class  inequalities 
october 2018 by oripsolob
Are You Middle Class? This Calculator Claims to Tell You - The New York Times
“Our determination of whether or not you’re in the middle class is based on income alone,” said Rakesh Kochhar, a senior researcher at Pew.
class  sociology  Money 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Are you in the U.S. middle class? Try our income calculator | Pew Research Center
Decent in terms of norming for geographical region, but focuses too much on income as a factor
class  Money  sociology  education 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Some Colleges Have More Students From the Top 1 Percent Than the Bottom 60. Find Yours. - The New York Times
Students at elite colleges are even richer than experts realized, according to a new study based on millions of anonymous tax filings and tuition records.

At 38 colleges in America, including five in the Ivy League – Dartmouth, Princeton, Yale, Penn and Brown – more students came from the top 1 percent of the income scale than from the entire bottom 60 percent.
education  class  inequalities  design 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Opinion | How Entitled Parents Hurt Schools - The New York Times
With economic segregation in the United States worsening, there is likely to be a growing number of school districts where poor children, and poor parents, predominate.

Yet, economic segregation, which is more pronounced among families with children, also creates public school districts where affluent families predominate. This can lead to trouble in schools, but of a distinct kind. Motivated by a fierce desire to protect their children and themselves from difficulty, and armed with a robust sense of entitlement as well as ample economic, cultural and social resources, affluent parents can create conflict and interfere with school districts on a scale that is rarely acknowledged.
class  education  inequalities  Money 
june 2018 by oripsolob
The Myth of Meritocracy | On The Media | WNYC Studios
6:37
Martin Luther King, 1968, National Cathedral speech / relates to The Color of Law and westward expansion and federal subsidies

"It's all right to tell a a man to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps', but it is a cruel jest to say to a bootless man, that he ought to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps'..."

References study of differences in resume callbacks based on (black vs white) names

Rich are more likely to say that "hard work" matters more.
radio  NPR  inequalities  Podcast  sociology  race  class  mythology  prisons  Money  story 
may 2018 by oripsolob
This Is America | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Today, more than 45 million Americans live in poverty. The problem has been addressed countless times since the nation’s founding, but it persists, and for the poorest among us, it gets worse. America has not been able to find its way to a sustainable solution, because most of its citizens see the problem of poverty from a distance, through a distorted lens. So in 2016, we presented "Busted: America's Poverty Myths," a series exploring how our understanding of poverty is shaped not by facts, but by private presumptions, media narratives, and the tales of the American Dream. This week we're revisiting part of that series.

1. Matthew Desmond [@just_shelter], author of on the myriad factors that perpetuate wealth inequality and Jack Frech [@FrechJack], former Athens County Ohio Welfare Director, on how the media's short attention span for covering inequality stymies our discourse around poverty. Listen.

2. Jill Lepore, historian and staff writer for the New Yorker, on the long history of America's beloved "rags to riches" narrative and Natasha Boyer, a Ohio woman whose eviction was initially prevented thanks to a generous surprise from strangers, on the reality of living in poverty and the limitations of "random acts of kindness." Listen.

3. Brooke considers the myth of meritocracy and how it obscures the reality: that one's economic success is more due to luck than motivation. Listen.
class  race  inequalities  Podcast  NPR  sociology  mythology  history 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Does “Early Education” Come Way Too Late? (Rebroadcast) - Freakonomics Freakonomics
The gist: in our collective zeal to reform schools and close the achievement gap, we may have lost sight of where most learning really happens — at home.

Thirty Million Words Initiative
sociology  education  mcp  inequalities  class  radio  children  brain 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Got Your ACE Score?
10 questions plus score key and graphs and charts
children  sociology  prisons  class  Health  design 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Three Miles | This American Life
There’s a program that brings together kids from two schools. One school is public and in the country’s poorest congressional district. The other is private and costs $43,000/year. They are three miles apart. The hope is that kids connect, but some of the public school kids just can’t get over the divide. We hear what happens when you get to see the other side and it looks a lot better.
education  inequalities  Podcast  mcp  NPR  sociology  Money  class 
january 2018 by oripsolob
Why Education Matters to Your Health - The Chronicle of Higher Education
For decades, life expectancy for Americans has been improving, thanks to advancements in technology and medical care. Before 1999, middle-age mortality rates were declining by about 2 percent a year. But suddenly, starting in the late 1990s, rates of morbidity and mortality — in other words, of sickness and death — began to increase for white men and women between the ages of 45 and 54 who did not have a college degree.

Since then those rates have been climbing by about half a percentage point a year among the white working class. "In this historical context of almost continuous improvement," write Ms. Case and Mr. Deaton, "the rise in mortality in midlife is an extraordinary and unanticipated event."

See graph: "Deaths of Despair"
education  class  inequalities  sociology  Health 
january 2018 by oripsolob
Race, Class, and the Framing 
of Drug Epidemics - Contexts
Something as simple as taking the bus to work, an hour and a half commute, turns into a lesson about life at the margins in a state governed by an opiate panic. Conversation inevitably turns to why someone is riding public transportation in a rural area where a vehicle is a necessity. I hear stories of people whose cars have been seized by the police, through asset forfeiture, returned to them so damaged from drug searches that the cars are beyond repair. People travel two hours south or north to meet with probation officers; an appointment in the afternoon means they might have to take the day off from work, spending several hours loitering in a local park or library until they can check in for the weekly supervision that costs them $100 a month. Lapses in regular ridership are often explained by a return to jail because of missed appointments with probation officers or positive drug tests.
War  race  class  inequalities  sociology  history 
december 2017 by oripsolob
Poverty in America
Students will explore U.S. census data, including infographics and reports, to better understand rates of poverty in the nation.
sociology  class  inequalities 
december 2017 by oripsolob
Social Class Quiz
46 questions total. Divide total by 46
sociology  class 
november 2017 by oripsolob
Lifestyles of the Rich and Hidden - On The Media - WNYC
A year and a half after the Panama Papers, the Paradise Papers have again thrown back the curtain on the vast world of wealth that exists in offshore tax havens. But even after the two largest data leaks in history, those in the know say that we have still barely glimpsed the extent of this ecosystem. And according to Brooke Harrington, Professor of Economic Sociology at Copenhagen Business School and author of Capital Without Borders, if we really want to understand the situation, we need to look beyond the wealthy themselves and toward the industry devoted to keeping them rich and hidden. Bob talks to Harrington about the profession of "wealth management," why it's a threat to democracy and what can be done.
NPR  radio  Podcast  inequalities  sociology  class  Money 
november 2017 by oripsolob
Is $100,000 middle class in America? - The Washington Post
The majority of Americans — 62 percent — identify as “middle class,” according to a Gallup poll conducted in June. It’s the highest percentage of people feeling that way since 2003.

Check out the median income calculators...
class  sociology  inequalities  Money 
october 2017 by oripsolob
Study: Poor Kids Who Believe in Meritocracy Suffer - The Atlantic
A new study finds that believing society is fair can lead disadvantaged adolescents to act out and engage in risky behavior.
class  race  mythology  education  sociology  chicago  inequalities 
july 2017 by oripsolob
The housing subsidy that no one is talking about—and has never been cut.
When is a housing subsidy not a housing subsidy?

When it subsidizes homeownership.

When is a housing subsidy economic stimulus and not charity?

When the money supports bankers, real estate agents and developers.

In 2017, the federal government subsidized homeownership to the tune of $140.7 billion dollars; it is estimated 75 percent of this allocation went to households earning over $100,000.00. In 2017, the federal government subsidized rental assistance housing to the tune of $46.0 billion dollars, all of which went to households poor enough to “qualify” for this assistance. Guess which of these two housing assistance programs of the federal government are being proposed for massive cuts in 2018. We’ll give you one hint: bankers and real estate agents are not freaking out!
opinion  sociology  housing  inequalities  class  Money 
july 2017 by oripsolob
The Bizarre Ritual of the 19th Century Wedding Photo
What may surprise today’s audience is the lack of virginal white. At that time, white showcased class more than it symbolized purity. “In the 19th century, life was not as clean as it is now. To own a white garment was a laborious thing,” explains Maresca. “People who wore white usually had a laundress.” The brides in darker hues are likely wearing their “occasion” dress, which would have been a more practical blue or green.

This cross-section of society indicates that cabinet cards were not restricted to the upper classes. Maresca supposes the cost to be around $5 a photo – equivalent to $100 today. Not cheap, but to capture this seminal moment in a couple’s life; priceless. “You look at the wedding business now, which is enormous – it’s an industry to itself,” says Hunt. “So you imagine that in the 19th century when this became a phenomenon it had the same impact.”

The cost reflects the fact that photography was an inexpensive industry at that time. “This takes us back to the idea of the vernacular universe,” says Maresca. “Small studios were set up all over the United States. You just didn’t need a lot to start a photographic studio. It was a relatively simple thing, and it was often very conducive to a mom and pop business.”
marriage  class  sociology  history 
july 2017 by oripsolob
Supercommuters, skyrocketing commutes, and America’s affordable housing crisis
[R]ents in coastal cities such as Washington, D.C.; Boston; and San Francisco are high, but they’re usually matched by higher incomes, as well as greater access to affordable public transit, which lowers overall transportation costs. That lowers the overall cost burden when viewed as a percentage of total spending each month. Affordability and transport really become a weight on moderate- and low-income families in areas of rising housing costs, lower average incomes, and a dearth of accessible transportation.

Factoring in transportation costs can radically change affordability studies that only take housing into account. For instance, Losing Ground found that Houston was the eighth most affordable place to live out of the 25 cities studied in 2012 (the last year the survey was completed). When transportation in the sprawling city is factored in, Houston drops to 17th. The opposite happens with cities that offer more public transportation, such as New York and Chicago, which become more affordable when factoring in the cost of mobility and getting to work.

The weight of rising rents is forcing low-income Americans to live farther and farther from where they work, which in turn increases their transportation expenses.

There’s a pronounced racial dimension to the increase in commuting time: Brookings research found that as more lower-income urban Americans are pushed to suburban areas due to rising rents, the number of jobs near the typical Hispanic (17 percent decline) and black (14 percent decline) resident in major metro areas declined much more steeply than for white (6 percent decline).

Each additional mile adds up. According to data from the Metropolitan Policy Program for the Brookings Institution, the cost of commuting hits the working poor hardest. It currently takes up roughly 6 percent of their income, double that of high-income workers. For those driving alone—a larger and larger part of the U.S. workforce—the percentage rises to 8 to 9 percent.

Instead of spending billions to build new roads to exurbs and new developments on the fringes of big metro areas, invest hundreds of millions in building better school districts in lower-priced neighborhoods already connected to regional highway systems.

For those spending more time driving to work to reach the same destination, laying more roads for longer commutes isn’t the long-term answer.
housing  sociology  inequalities  class  race 
june 2017 by oripsolob
Stop Pretending You’re Not Rich - The New York Times
There’s a kind of class double-think going on here. On the one hand, upper-middle-class Americans believe they are operating in a meritocracy (a belief that allows them to feel entitled to their winnings); on the other hand, they constantly engage in antimeritocratic behavior in order to give their own children a leg up. To the extent that there is any ethical deliberation, it usually results in a justification along the lines of “Well, maybe it’s wrong, but everyone’s doing it.”

The United States is the only nation in the world, for example, where it is easier to get into college if one of your parents happened to go there. Oxford and Cambridge ditched legacy preferences in the middle of the last century. The existence of such an unfair hereditary practice in 21st-century America is startling in itself. But I have been more shocked by the way that even supposedly liberal members of the upper middle class seem to have no qualms about benefiting from it.

Take housing, perhaps the most significant example. Exclusionary zoning practices allow the upper middle class to live in enclaves. Gated communities, in effect, even if the gates are not visible. Since schools typically draw from their surrounding area, the physical separation of upper-middle-class neighborhoods is replicated in the classroom. Good schools make the area more desirable, further inflating the value of our houses. The federal tax system gives us a handout, through the mortgage-interest deduction, to help us purchase these pricey homes. For the upper middle classes, regardless of their professed political preferences, zoning, wealth, tax deductions and educational opportunity reinforce one another in a virtuous cycle.
class  sociology  inequalities  education 
june 2017 by oripsolob
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