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oripsolob : education   1331

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Opinion | Why Girls Beat Boys at School and Lose to Them at the Office - The New York Times
As a psychologist who works with teenagers, I hear this concern often from the parents of many of my patients. They routinely remark that their sons do just enough to keep the adults off their backs, while their daughters relentlessly grind, determined to leave no room for error. The girls don’t stop until they’ve polished each assignment to a high shine and rewritten their notes with color-coded precision.

We need to ask: What if school is a confidence factory for our sons, but only a competence factory for our daughters?
gender  education  inequalities  sociology 
7 days ago by oripsolob
Do historians miss the ideals of assessment, as some have suggested?
“Explain how we know what we think we know.”

Mintz said he focuses on seven such goals in his own classes. His students should demonstrate or explain:

1) Mastery of essential facts, chronology and periodization.

2) Familiarity with significant historical controversies and conflicting interpretations.

3) How historians are able to reconstruct certain significant facts about the past.

4) The ability to form meaningful and researchable historical questions and construct “concise, sophisticated, compelling theses.”

5) The ability to locate, weigh and evaluate evidence, such as issues of authorship or bias, and assess arguments and construct logical and convincing interpretations, along with other disciplinary methodological skills.

6) Historical thinking, including the ability to describe how institutions, customs or social roles evolved over time and the capacity to understand the perspectives of historical actors, “including those we might find morally repellant.”

7) Connections between past and present in a nuanced, balanced manner.

This kind of transparency isn’t necessarily easy for historians. Panelist Catherine Denial, Bright Professor of American History at Knox College, said she has a mind that “intuits” historical thinking and for years assumed that her students’ minds “worked the same way.”

One of [the] favorite tools is a primary source analysis template inspired by a Wineburg’s call to make visible the invisible processes at work in learning history, and his observation that historians source, contextualize and corroborate historical information. To that list of tasks, Denial added, "observe," as, in her experience, both K-12 educators and college students "leap toward making meaning out of primary source material without first slowing down to make sure they really understood what they were seeing or hearing."

Her "SOCC" template asks students to examine a primary-source document for sourcing (its origins), to observe it, to contextualize it based on existing knowledge and draw hypotheses about its meaning, and to corroborate it with other primary and secondary materials and test their hpotheses.
history  education 
23 days ago by oripsolob
Chicago’s pension crisis isn’t really about pensions — it’s about debt
Why would the city so dramatically underfund its pensions? The answer is that “borrowing” from pension funds can appeal to elected officials for the same reason borrowing from other sources does: It allows the city to spend more money without asking residents to pay higher taxes. Essentially, Chicago has been borrowing from pension funds in order to pay for other priorities while keeping taxes artificially low. But as the debt payments on that pension borrowing have grown, the city has historically proven unwilling to pay them in full either, creating a spiral of rising costs.
chicago  Money  education  labor  mythology 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
Save Old Town School
We’d seen the school increase prices for group classes by 25 to 30 percent over several years, and for individual lessons by more than 40 percent. We also had heard that enrollment was declining. But until recently, we didn’t realize how bad things had gotten.

Now, though, we’ve dug into the data. Student enrollment (group classes and private lessons) peaked in 2011 and has been heading downhill since then — starting just after the school went into debt (since repaid) to open an additional Lincoln Square building so it could expand class offerings.

Group class enrollment declined 28 percent from 2011 to 2017. Private lesson enrollment was down almost 7 percent.

We believe turning enrollment around must be the school’s top priority. Student tuition provides more than half of the Old Town School’s revenue — and enables the school to pay our wonderful musician-teachers. But we’ve seen little evidence that the school knows how to market its programs effectively.
chicago  Music  education 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
Challenging Students . . . And How to Have More of Them (#) - Alfie Kohn
Learning by doing, a common shorthand for the idea that active participation helps students to understand ideas or acquire skills, is an established principle of progressive education. Much less attention, however, has been paid to the complementary possibility that teachers are most effective when they show rather than just tell. In fact, this idea doesn’t even seem to have a name — so let’s call it “teaching by doing” (TBD).

Taking Children Backstage

One version of TBD has gained favor in the field of writing instruction,[1] where teachers are urged to reveal their own rough drafts — or, better yet, write things in front of students. It’s one thing to analyze the techniques of a story or an essay, a finished product, but it’s something else again to observe the process of writing. Particularly if the teacher/writer is narrating, explaining the rationale for choosing this word or that sentence structure, students can witness the false starts, the way errors are made and corrected. In short, they can watch a piece of writing come into being.
education  writing 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
Trump’s Birthright Citizenship Proposal Is at Odds With Legal Consensus - The New York Times
The meaning of that clause is plain, said Peter J. Spiro, a law professor at Temple University. “The conventional understanding is absolutely clear that children born in the United States are citizens of the United States, with the insignificant exception of the children of diplomats,” he said.

A main purpose of the clause was to overrule Dred Scott, the shameful 1857 Supreme Court decision that said black slaves were property and not citizens. The decision said the Constitution barred Congress and the states from granting citizenship to the descendants of slaves, and it helped prompt the Civil War.

The 1898 decision did not specifically discuss unauthorized immigrants. But in 1982, in Plyler v. Doe, the Supreme Court ruled that undocumented children were entitled to free public education. The court relied on another part of the 14th amendment, its equal protection clause, and it interpreted language similar to that in the citizenship clause.

“Although the court splintered over the specific question of public education,” Mr. Ho wrote, “all nine justices agreed that the Equal Protection Clause protects legal and illegal aliens alike. And all nine reached that conclusion precisely because illegal aliens are ‘subject to the jurisdiction’ of the U.S., no less than legal aliens and U.S. citizens.”
education  history  constitution 
october 2018 by oripsolob
Jonathan Haidt: The moral roots of liberals and conservatives | TED Talk
1) Harm/Care (compassion for the weak, eg.)
2) Fairness/Reciprocity (unclear if this appears in animals)
3) Ingroup/Loyalty (tribal psych/found in animal groups, too)
4) Authority/Respect (voluntary deference)
5) Purity/Sanctity (attaining virtue via body control, the Left & food)

Across cultures, Liberals tend to value or function on 2 channels, Conservatives function on all 5 channels.
Video  education  politics  Psychology  culture  sociology 
october 2018 by oripsolob
Great American High School: Reforming the Nation’s Remaining Low-Performing High Schools | America's Promise Alliance
Over the last two decades, the number of low-performing high schools has been cut in half, as high school graduation rates have reached an all-time high. While graduation at the remaining low-performing high schools still is just a 50-50 proposition, these schools make up a small percentage of high schools throughout the country, totaling just 10 percent of all traditional high schools enrolling 300 or more students.

From this progress, a clear vision emerges on how high schools can be reformed to once again serve as engines of economic and community development. This is why the Great American High School report, authored by Civic Enterprises and the Everyone Graduates Center at the Johns Hopkins University, was released in partnership with America’s Promise Alliance and the Alliance for Excellent Education, as part of the GradNation campaign working to increase the national on-time graduation rate to 90 percent.
education  inequalities  sociology 
october 2018 by oripsolob
Are you in the U.S. middle class? Try our income calculator | Pew Research Center
Decent in terms of norming for geographical region, but focuses too much on income as a factor
class  Money  sociology  education 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Race, Discipline, and Safety at U.S. Public Schools | American Civil Liberties Union
The new data shows that students of color make up the majority of public school students. When federal data was first collected in 1968, over 80 percent of public school students were white. Because of changing demographics, white students now constitute just 49 percent of American school children. As the federal government considers further cuts to education funding, it should recognize that the harm will now fall in greater measure on communities of color, which have historically been underserved by school systems.
prisons  education  sociology  race 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The hidden racism of school discipline, in 7 charts - Vox
Starting even before kindergarten, black students are more likely to be suspended or expelled. They're more likely to be referred to law enforcement or even arrested. And even when they're breaking the same rules, studies have found black students are punished more often and more harshly than their white peers.

7 charts / 3 students per chart?
race  inequalities  sociology  education  prisons  lesson 
september 2018 by oripsolob
New Trier High School Summary of Selected Facts;
Look at racial demographics then click "Discipline Report" on right hand side. Compare the racial makeup of school ("Enrollement") to the percentages of students given severe disciplinary consequences (eg., suspensions).

NTHS: Black = 0.6% of students, but 6.3% and 7.5% of (in- and out-of-school) suspensions, respectively. Do the math then read this: https://www.vox.com/2015/10/31/9646504/discipline-race-charts
education  sociology  race  inequalities  newtrier  lesson  prisons 
september 2018 by oripsolob
10 Steps Towards Open Inquiry, Constructive Disagreement - Heterodox Academy
1) Add language to your syllabi that makes clear open inquiry and constructive disagreement are expected. Help set the tone in your class by using the syllabus to communicate the value you place on open inquiry and constructive disagreement. A post on our blog from last January offers some suggestions; the comments on that post provide even more great ideas.

...

3) Say these two sentences at least once every day in class: “I don’t know” and “How do you see it?” Intellectual humility and intellectual curiosity are productive starting points for constructive engagement across lines of difference. By admitting to ourselves and others that we don’t have all the answers, we open the door to being genuinely interested in others’ perspectives and the path they took to seeing the world as they do. Let’s model these dispositions for our students.

...

5) Lie to your students. To encourage your students to question claims and engage evidence, Jim Lemoine encourages us to lie to our students. As he writes here, “I’ve found that one of the best ways to get your students to freely tell the truth as they see it, is to warn them that you will be untruthful.”
politics  education 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The Politics of the Professoriat: Political diversity on campus | CBC Radio
"We've created a hostile climate for people who don't fit in intellectually. We've marginalized them. We've made it clear they don't belong; they're not welcome. And then the really smart ones among them don't apply! And what we're left with is a politically homogeneous field of inquiry, which therefore has problems studying anything that is politically valenced."
– Jonathan Haidt

Why does a "political monoculture" hurt social science research?

ophobophobia = fear of being branded Islamophobic, homophobic, etc. For example, to address poverty/inequality, three factors are critical in why certain groups or individuals do better than others:

1) Whether parents are married (even if you're poor)
2) Subculture that emphasizes importance of education and/or delayed gratification
3) IQ

But though these are the most important determinants, we have not made progress in research, because of ophobophobia: "no one dares address these major factors"; instead, more focus on structural racism, etc. And this issue of poverty/inequality must be solved. But ophobophobia rules out 90% of the causal factors.

"Students and professors know, he adds, that 'if you step out of line at all, you will be called a racist, sexist or homophobe. In fact it’s gotten so bad out there that there’s a new term—‘ophobophobia,’ which is the fear of being called x-ophobic."

"Human beings are tribal creatures. We evolved for small religions....We're really good at making something sacred and trusting each other....You can see this easily with fundamentalist Xians. Some of the them will deny evolution -- seems silly from the outside. You can see the same thing on college campuses. The causes of college campuses are laudable, but we should pursue them practically, pragmatically, and rationally. But "when we make them into a religion, that's when we activate all of our 'religious software', which is a set of mental concepts that include blasphemy, heresy, burning at the stake, witch hunts. The basic language is one of sin, and blasphemy, and punishment. No one speaks up for anyone because then they'll be called a witch.

But there is NO ROLE for religion in the classroom in intellectual matters. There we need communities in which NOTHING is sacred. Now there so much that is sacred on campus, can't be said."

The Religion of Social Justice. Justice is a good thing, but when Social Justice becomes a religion...

IGen believes in the concept that "words are violence".
politics  Podcast  sociology  education  race  inequalities  religion  Speech 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Teacher pensions: The full story — 1IL
The Illinois Policy Institute is out with a new report attacking public-worker pensions for causing property taxes to rise, especially teacher pensions. Which is somewhat comical, because the only other way to pay for those pensions is with the state income tax, and the IPI doesn't want that, either.
education  Money  labor  nthsea 
august 2018 by oripsolob
Some Colleges Have More Students From the Top 1 Percent Than the Bottom 60. Find Yours. - The New York Times
Students at elite colleges are even richer than experts realized, according to a new study based on millions of anonymous tax filings and tuition records.

At 38 colleges in America, including five in the Ivy League – Dartmouth, Princeton, Yale, Penn and Brown – more students came from the top 1 percent of the income scale than from the entire bottom 60 percent.
education  class  inequalities  design 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Opinion | How Entitled Parents Hurt Schools - The New York Times
With economic segregation in the United States worsening, there is likely to be a growing number of school districts where poor children, and poor parents, predominate.

Yet, economic segregation, which is more pronounced among families with children, also creates public school districts where affluent families predominate. This can lead to trouble in schools, but of a distinct kind. Motivated by a fierce desire to protect their children and themselves from difficulty, and armed with a robust sense of entitlement as well as ample economic, cultural and social resources, affluent parents can create conflict and interfere with school districts on a scale that is rarely acknowledged.
class  education  inequalities  Money 
june 2018 by oripsolob
IEA applauds General Assembly for passing state budget and increasing education funding, cautions against changes made to TRS and SURS | Illinois Education Association
In addition to all of the good news, there was also a last-minute pension proposal introduced as part of the budget package that has several components, the most concerning of which is a decrease to 3 percent from the current 6 percent that employers can offer educators in both the Teachers’ Retirement System and State Universities Retirement System for pay increases in the four years used to calculate their retirement without incurring any additional costs.
education  Money  nthsea  labor 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Elgin Teachers Roundly Reject Novel Contract | WBEZ
Like nearly every other school district in the state, Elgin’s current contract is made up of set salary increases called “steps,” given for years of service, and “lanes,” given for additional higher education.


“Traditional ‘step and lane’ schedules tend to be very backloaded, so you’re making more money later in your career,” said Kency Nittler, who follows trends in teacher contracts for the National Council on Teacher Quality. But Nittler said that isn’t helpful in retaining or motivating early career teachers.

The rejected contract would have allowed younger teachers to move up faster to a higher pay rate by accumulating “career credits.” Those would be given for additional years of service and education — just like the traditional teachers contract — but also for many of the additional things teachers do at schools.


“Every one of our teachers are doing things outside the normal school day, including committee work, collaborative meetings, events at the school — there are so many things they’re doing outside of those hours, and as of right now, they do it on a voluntary basis,” said Richard Johnson, president of the Elgin Teachers Association.
labor  nthsea  education 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Bring the National Memorial for Peace and Justice to Your Classroom and Community
Students can and should…

research the victim(s) of lynchings in their communities.

discuss whether the monuments should be claimed by their communities.

engage the public and local city council about why their monument should be claimed.

discuss where in the community the monument should be placed and what kind of dedication should be held.

put together any necessary interpretive panels to help their community understand the relevant history and purpose of the monument.


These are just a few of the questions that history educators can introduce to guide their students in this project.
history  lesson  education  race  pbl 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Routledge Companion on Media Education, Copyright and Fair Use | Media Education Lab
Chapter 20 - Approaches to Active Reading and Visual Literacy in the High School Classroom

John S. O’Connor and Dan Lawler
Media  education  COPYRIGHT  english  visual  literacy 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Why is the media—including the liberal media—supporting these teachers’ strikes?
One has to wonder if these strikes were happening in blue states, with Democratic governors and state legislatures, what the reception might be. One also has to wonder if the strikers and/or students were of color, what the reception might be. The coverage could turn out quite different, with the concerns of students of color being pitted against the unions, or with the ugly undercurrents of race working against the concerns and interests of both the teachers and the students.
Media  inequalities  literacy  labor  politics  education 
april 2018 by oripsolob
School Walkouts: Teens Say ‘We’re Fighting For Our Lives’ | WBEZ
Schools across Chicago have been grappling with how best to respond to the walkouts and have come up with a range of response and approaches.

Many school districts are embracing a role in the national gun debate, and are either supporting or tolerating student walkouts. That includes Chicago Public Schools and New Trier High School on the North Shore, where the teen organizers said students can protest or get a free period — no student will face consequences for either participating or not participating in the walkout.

A smaller number of school districts are actively discouraging walkouts, and a few are threatening discipline for students who participate.
Speech  education  Student 
march 2018 by oripsolob
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