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Trump’s Birthright Citizenship Proposal Is at Odds With Legal Consensus - The New York Times
The meaning of that clause is plain, said Peter J. Spiro, a law professor at Temple University. “The conventional understanding is absolutely clear that children born in the United States are citizens of the United States, with the insignificant exception of the children of diplomats,” he said.

A main purpose of the clause was to overrule Dred Scott, the shameful 1857 Supreme Court decision that said black slaves were property and not citizens. The decision said the Constitution barred Congress and the states from granting citizenship to the descendants of slaves, and it helped prompt the Civil War.

The 1898 decision did not specifically discuss unauthorized immigrants. But in 1982, in Plyler v. Doe, the Supreme Court ruled that undocumented children were entitled to free public education. The court relied on another part of the 14th amendment, its equal protection clause, and it interpreted language similar to that in the citizenship clause.

“Although the court splintered over the specific question of public education,” Mr. Ho wrote, “all nine justices agreed that the Equal Protection Clause protects legal and illegal aliens alike. And all nine reached that conclusion precisely because illegal aliens are ‘subject to the jurisdiction’ of the U.S., no less than legal aliens and U.S. citizens.”
education  history  constitution 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
Jonathan Haidt: The moral roots of liberals and conservatives | TED Talk
1) Harm/Care (compassion for the weak, eg.)
2) Fairness/Reciprocity (unclear if this appears in animals)
3) Ingroup/Loyalty (tribal psych/found in animal groups, too)
4) Authority/Respect (voluntary deference)
5) Purity/Sanctity (attaining virtue via body control, the Left & food)

Across cultures, Liberals tend to value or function on 2 channels, Conservatives function on all 5 channels.
Video  education  politics  Psychology  culture  sociology 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
Great American High School: Reforming the Nation’s Remaining Low-Performing High Schools | America's Promise Alliance
Over the last two decades, the number of low-performing high schools has been cut in half, as high school graduation rates have reached an all-time high. While graduation at the remaining low-performing high schools still is just a 50-50 proposition, these schools make up a small percentage of high schools throughout the country, totaling just 10 percent of all traditional high schools enrolling 300 or more students.

From this progress, a clear vision emerges on how high schools can be reformed to once again serve as engines of economic and community development. This is why the Great American High School report, authored by Civic Enterprises and the Everyone Graduates Center at the Johns Hopkins University, was released in partnership with America’s Promise Alliance and the Alliance for Excellent Education, as part of the GradNation campaign working to increase the national on-time graduation rate to 90 percent.
education  inequalities  sociology 
9 weeks ago by oripsolob
Are you in the U.S. middle class? Try our income calculator | Pew Research Center
Decent in terms of norming for geographical region, but focuses too much on income as a factor
class  Money  sociology  education 
12 weeks ago by oripsolob
Race, Discipline, and Safety at U.S. Public Schools | American Civil Liberties Union
The new data shows that students of color make up the majority of public school students. When federal data was first collected in 1968, over 80 percent of public school students were white. Because of changing demographics, white students now constitute just 49 percent of American school children. As the federal government considers further cuts to education funding, it should recognize that the harm will now fall in greater measure on communities of color, which have historically been underserved by school systems.
prisons  education  sociology  race 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The hidden racism of school discipline, in 7 charts - Vox
Starting even before kindergarten, black students are more likely to be suspended or expelled. They're more likely to be referred to law enforcement or even arrested. And even when they're breaking the same rules, studies have found black students are punished more often and more harshly than their white peers.

7 charts / 3 students per chart?
race  inequalities  sociology  education  prisons  lesson 
september 2018 by oripsolob
New Trier High School Summary of Selected Facts;
Look at racial demographics then click "Discipline Report" on right hand side. Compare the racial makeup of school ("Enrollement") to the percentages of students given severe disciplinary consequences (eg., suspensions).

NTHS: Black = 0.6% of students, but 6.3% and 7.5% of (in- and out-of-school) suspensions, respectively. Do the math then read this:
education  sociology  race  inequalities  newtrier  lesson  prisons 
september 2018 by oripsolob
10 Steps Towards Open Inquiry, Constructive Disagreement - Heterodox Academy
1) Add language to your syllabi that makes clear open inquiry and constructive disagreement are expected. Help set the tone in your class by using the syllabus to communicate the value you place on open inquiry and constructive disagreement. A post on our blog from last January offers some suggestions; the comments on that post provide even more great ideas.


3) Say these two sentences at least once every day in class: “I don’t know” and “How do you see it?” Intellectual humility and intellectual curiosity are productive starting points for constructive engagement across lines of difference. By admitting to ourselves and others that we don’t have all the answers, we open the door to being genuinely interested in others’ perspectives and the path they took to seeing the world as they do. Let’s model these dispositions for our students.


5) Lie to your students. To encourage your students to question claims and engage evidence, Jim Lemoine encourages us to lie to our students. As he writes here, “I’ve found that one of the best ways to get your students to freely tell the truth as they see it, is to warn them that you will be untruthful.”
politics  education 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The Politics of the Professoriat: Political diversity on campus | CBC Radio
"We've created a hostile climate for people who don't fit in intellectually. We've marginalized them. We've made it clear they don't belong; they're not welcome. And then the really smart ones among them don't apply! And what we're left with is a politically homogeneous field of inquiry, which therefore has problems studying anything that is politically valenced."
– Jonathan Haidt

Why does a "political monoculture" hurt social science research?

ophobophobia = fear of being branded Islamophobic, homophobic, etc. For example, to address poverty/inequality, three factors are critical in why certain groups or individuals do better than others:

1) Whether parents are married (even if you're poor)
2) Subculture that emphasizes importance of education and/or delayed gratification
3) IQ

But though these are the most important determinants, we have not made progress in research, because of ophobophobia: "no one dares address these major factors"; instead, more focus on structural racism, etc. And this issue of poverty/inequality must be solved. But ophobophobia rules out 90% of the causal factors.

"Students and professors know, he adds, that 'if you step out of line at all, you will be called a racist, sexist or homophobe. In fact it’s gotten so bad out there that there’s a new term—‘ophobophobia,’ which is the fear of being called x-ophobic."

"Human beings are tribal creatures. We evolved for small religions....We're really good at making something sacred and trusting each other....You can see this easily with fundamentalist Xians. Some of the them will deny evolution -- seems silly from the outside. You can see the same thing on college campuses. The causes of college campuses are laudable, but we should pursue them practically, pragmatically, and rationally. But "when we make them into a religion, that's when we activate all of our 'religious software', which is a set of mental concepts that include blasphemy, heresy, burning at the stake, witch hunts. The basic language is one of sin, and blasphemy, and punishment. No one speaks up for anyone because then they'll be called a witch.

But there is NO ROLE for religion in the classroom in intellectual matters. There we need communities in which NOTHING is sacred. Now there so much that is sacred on campus, can't be said."

The Religion of Social Justice. Justice is a good thing, but when Social Justice becomes a religion...

IGen believes in the concept that "words are violence".
politics  Podcast  sociology  education  race  inequalities  religion  Speech 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Teacher pensions: The full story — 1IL
The Illinois Policy Institute is out with a new report attacking public-worker pensions for causing property taxes to rise, especially teacher pensions. Which is somewhat comical, because the only other way to pay for those pensions is with the state income tax, and the IPI doesn't want that, either.
education  Money  labor  nthsea 
august 2018 by oripsolob
Some Colleges Have More Students From the Top 1 Percent Than the Bottom 60. Find Yours. - The New York Times
Students at elite colleges are even richer than experts realized, according to a new study based on millions of anonymous tax filings and tuition records.

At 38 colleges in America, including five in the Ivy League – Dartmouth, Princeton, Yale, Penn and Brown – more students came from the top 1 percent of the income scale than from the entire bottom 60 percent.
education  class  inequalities  design 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Opinion | How Entitled Parents Hurt Schools - The New York Times
With economic segregation in the United States worsening, there is likely to be a growing number of school districts where poor children, and poor parents, predominate.

Yet, economic segregation, which is more pronounced among families with children, also creates public school districts where affluent families predominate. This can lead to trouble in schools, but of a distinct kind. Motivated by a fierce desire to protect their children and themselves from difficulty, and armed with a robust sense of entitlement as well as ample economic, cultural and social resources, affluent parents can create conflict and interfere with school districts on a scale that is rarely acknowledged.
class  education  inequalities  Money 
june 2018 by oripsolob
IEA applauds General Assembly for passing state budget and increasing education funding, cautions against changes made to TRS and SURS | Illinois Education Association
In addition to all of the good news, there was also a last-minute pension proposal introduced as part of the budget package that has several components, the most concerning of which is a decrease to 3 percent from the current 6 percent that employers can offer educators in both the Teachers’ Retirement System and State Universities Retirement System for pay increases in the four years used to calculate their retirement without incurring any additional costs.
education  Money  nthsea  labor 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Elgin Teachers Roundly Reject Novel Contract | WBEZ
Like nearly every other school district in the state, Elgin’s current contract is made up of set salary increases called “steps,” given for years of service, and “lanes,” given for additional higher education.

“Traditional ‘step and lane’ schedules tend to be very backloaded, so you’re making more money later in your career,” said Kency Nittler, who follows trends in teacher contracts for the National Council on Teacher Quality. But Nittler said that isn’t helpful in retaining or motivating early career teachers.

The rejected contract would have allowed younger teachers to move up faster to a higher pay rate by accumulating “career credits.” Those would be given for additional years of service and education — just like the traditional teachers contract — but also for many of the additional things teachers do at schools.

“Every one of our teachers are doing things outside the normal school day, including committee work, collaborative meetings, events at the school — there are so many things they’re doing outside of those hours, and as of right now, they do it on a voluntary basis,” said Richard Johnson, president of the Elgin Teachers Association.
labor  nthsea  education 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Bring the National Memorial for Peace and Justice to Your Classroom and Community
Students can and should…

research the victim(s) of lynchings in their communities.

discuss whether the monuments should be claimed by their communities.

engage the public and local city council about why their monument should be claimed.

discuss where in the community the monument should be placed and what kind of dedication should be held.

put together any necessary interpretive panels to help their community understand the relevant history and purpose of the monument.

These are just a few of the questions that history educators can introduce to guide their students in this project.
history  lesson  education  race  pbl 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Routledge Companion on Media Education, Copyright and Fair Use | Media Education Lab
Chapter 20 - Approaches to Active Reading and Visual Literacy in the High School Classroom

John S. O’Connor and Dan Lawler
Media  education  COPYRIGHT  english  visual  literacy 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Why is the media—including the liberal media—supporting these teachers’ strikes?
One has to wonder if these strikes were happening in blue states, with Democratic governors and state legislatures, what the reception might be. One also has to wonder if the strikers and/or students were of color, what the reception might be. The coverage could turn out quite different, with the concerns of students of color being pitted against the unions, or with the ugly undercurrents of race working against the concerns and interests of both the teachers and the students.
Media  inequalities  literacy  labor  politics  education 
april 2018 by oripsolob
School Walkouts: Teens Say ‘We’re Fighting For Our Lives’ | WBEZ
Schools across Chicago have been grappling with how best to respond to the walkouts and have come up with a range of response and approaches.

Many school districts are embracing a role in the national gun debate, and are either supporting or tolerating student walkouts. That includes Chicago Public Schools and New Trier High School on the North Shore, where the teen organizers said students can protest or get a free period — no student will face consequences for either participating or not participating in the walkout.

A smaller number of school districts are actively discouraging walkouts, and a few are threatening discipline for students who participate.
Speech  education  Student 
march 2018 by oripsolob
How to Ungrade | Jesse Stommel
Grade Free Zones
Sometimes, it's hard to imagine diving right into the deep end of ungrading, so try having the first 1/3 of the term be ungraded, a sandbox for students to experiment inside before moving on to the more formal activities of a course. Or decide to grade only a few major assignments.

I've already talked at length about how I use self-assessment. What I'll add is that this work is both part of my approach to the problem of grades and also an end goal in and of itself. Ann Berthoff writes in “Dialectical Notebooks and the Audit of Meaning,” “Learning to look carefully, to see what you're looking at, is perenially acclaimed as the essential skill for both artist and scientist.” Metacognition is a practical skill that cuts across disciplines.

Process Letters
If you're only grading a few assignments, you may not feel like you have enough information to determine a final grade at the end of a course. I have students write process letters, describing their learning and how their work evolves over the term. This can be text, including (or linking to) representative examples of work they don't otherwise turn in. You might also ask students to take pictures of their work as it evolves, add voiceover to a screencast, or I've had students shoot video for a film documenting their learning (a sort of behind the scenes reel for the class).
march 2018 by oripsolob
Does “Early Education” Come Way Too Late? (Rebroadcast) - Freakonomics Freakonomics
The gist: in our collective zeal to reform schools and close the achievement gap, we may have lost sight of where most learning really happens — at home.

Thirty Million Words Initiative
sociology  education  mcp  inequalities  class  radio  children  brain 
march 2018 by oripsolob
The West Virginia teacher strike, explained - Vox
Steven Paine, West Virginia superintendent of schools, in a statement ahead of the strike said he fully recognizes and supports the work of teachers and that they “deserve more,” but “the economic realities of our state may not allow everything teachers deserve to take place immediately.” He also pointed out that work stoppages by public employees are “not lawful” in West Virginia. State Attorney General Patrick Morrisey said the strike was “illegal.”

Teachers have gone on strike anyway. West Virginia’s 680 public schools employ 19,488 classroom teachers and have enrolled 277,137 students. All 55 counties in West Virginia have closed schools for more than a week. In 2016, the average salary for West Virginia teachers ranked 48th in the country, according to the National Education Association, ahead of only Oklahoma, Mississippi, and South Dakota.

In a moment in which public unions are under an increasingly heavy threat, West Virginia teachers have shown why they matter and what they can do. The Supreme Court this week heard arguments in a case, Janus v. AFSCME Council 31, on whether employees can be required to pay dues to a union they don’t belong to.

According to the New York Times, West Virginia’s teachers were initially considering a “rolling strike,” in which teachers in a few counties would walk out each day. Donnie Ellis, the husband of English teacher Robin Ellis, said he told his wife if they wanted a change they’d really have to go for it. “It’s got to be all-in or nothing,” he said.

And so they continue to go all-in.
labor  education 
march 2018 by oripsolob
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