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oripsolob : mythology   229

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The True Story Behind an Iconic Vietnam War Photo Was Nearly Erased — Until Now - The New York Times
A photographer, John Olson, approached and began to document the moment. His photo of the unconscious Marine lying on the tank surrounded by his wounded brothers-in-arms now stands among the iconic images of the Vietnam War. Some of Olson’s photos from the battle were included in a photo essay in Life magazine on March 8, 1968. The picture of the wounded Marine was the largest photo in the feature, published as a two-page spread. Both painterly and heart-wrenching, it was a raw artifact of a hellish 26-day battle that contributed to turning the American public against the war. Fifty years later, with the approach of the anniversary of the battle, that photo gained renewed exposure — by way of a best-selling book, a major exhibition at the Newseum in Washington and numerous articles and videos in the media.

With this new exposure came uncertainty, then controversy. Who was the unconscious man on the tank? In the past three years, two different story lines have emerged. The confusion raises questions of accuracy and identity. It weighs the duties of journalism against the lure of uplifting war narratives. And it brings into question how much the instinct to memorialize truly respects the dead.
War  photography  mythology  history 
3 days ago by oripsolob
Part 1: The Myth Of The Frontier | On the Media | WNYC Studios
In his new book, The End of the Myth: From the Frontier to the Border Wall in the Mind of America, Grandin traces how the idea of endless, unstoppable growth has influenced US policy and psychology — and how President Trump’s call for a barrier at the southern border upends the idea of America as a country of boundless possibility.
history  mythology  politics 
20 days ago by oripsolob
2020 presidential election: Kamala Harris’s plan to raise teacher pay, explained - Vox
“We are a nation and a society that pretends to care about education. But not so much the education of other people’s children. We gotta deal with that,” Harris said Saturday, previewing her plan. “You can judge a society by the way it treats its children. And one of the greatest expressions of love that a society can give its children is educating those children with the resources they need. Teachers are our greatest resource in that endeavor.”
education  Speech  mythology  nthsea 
24 days ago by oripsolob
See Ambrose in Perspectives (78-79). Seems to oversimplify Truman's understanding of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Did he REALLY not know these were civilian targets? Did the military really have a third bomb ready to drop? What about the option of dropping a demonstration bomb on a deserted island? Why wasn't that even mentioned?

Also, underplays the role of civilian authority centered on an elected commander-in-chief.

Ultimately, the absurdity of having nuclear weapons is never really addressed. In the end, why even argue over who decides or if there is a check on the president? Has this just occurred to people because of Trump? If there wasn't significant reform after Nixon, there wouldn't be any more political will. Plus, what about the Long Peace?

The protagonist in this story clearly signaled to his superiors that he had reservations about following orders. That alone disqualified him.

Former DoD Secretary Perry suggests the wisest course (having Congress declare war), but it comes down to a Constitutional struggle between the branches of government over control. But hasn't Congress effectively abdicated its war powers? No declared wars since WW II.
history  mythology  WWII 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
668: The Long Fuse
Chinese Restaurant Syndrome cooked up by Ho Man Kwok or "Hu-man crock of..."
restaurants  mythology  history  Food  Media  literacy 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
Ralph Northam interview: Virginia governor tells Gayle King "I'm not going anywhere" in face of calls to resign - CBS News
GAYLE KING: I know this has been a very difficult week for you in the state of Virginia. So where would you like to begin?

GOV. RALPH NORTHAM: Well it has been a difficult week. And you know if you look at Virginia's history we are now at the 400 year anniversary, just 90 miles from here in 1619. The first indentured servants from Africa landed on our shores in Old Point Comfort what we call now Fort Monroe and while--

GAYLE KING: Also known as slavery.

GOV. RALPH NORTHAM: Yes. And while we have made a lot of progress in Virginia, slavery has ended. Schools have been desegregated. We have ended the Jim Crow laws, easier access to voting. It is abundantly clear that we still have a lot of work to do and I really think this week raised a level of awareness in the Commonwealth and in this country that we haven't seen certainly in my lifetime. So--
history  race  mythology 
9 weeks ago by oripsolob
Chicago’s pension crisis isn’t really about pensions — it’s about debt
Why would the city so dramatically underfund its pensions? The answer is that “borrowing” from pension funds can appeal to elected officials for the same reason borrowing from other sources does: It allows the city to spend more money without asking residents to pay higher taxes. Essentially, Chicago has been borrowing from pension funds in order to pay for other priorities while keeping taxes artificially low. But as the debt payments on that pension borrowing have grown, the city has historically proven unwilling to pay them in full either, creating a spiral of rising costs.
chicago  Money  education  labor  mythology 
january 2019 by oripsolob
African Burial Ground Digital Diaries - New York National Parks
PBS film 55 minutes long

From the 1690s until the 1790s, both free and enslaved Africans were buried in a 6.6 acre burial ground in Lower Manhattan, outside the boundaries of the settlement of New Amsterdam, later known as New York. Lost to history due to landfill and development, the grounds were rediscovered in 1991 as a consequence of the planned construction of a Federal office building. A memorial at the African Burial Ground National Monument honors the memories of the estimated 15,000 enslaved and free Africans who were interred in the burial ground.
history  race  mythology  Video 
october 2018 by oripsolob
The American Dream Is Harder To Find In Some Neighborhoods | WBEZ
A new online data tool being made public Monday finds a strong correlation between where people are raised and their chances of achieving the American dream.

Harvard University economist Raj Chetty has been working with a team of researchers on this tool — the first of its kind because it marries U.S. Census Bureau data with data from the Internal Revenue Service. And the findings are changing how researchers think about economic mobility.

It used to be that people born in the 1940s or '50s were virtually guaranteed to achieve the American dream of earning more than your parents did, Chetty says. But that's not the case anymore.

"You see that for kids turning 30 today, who were born in the mid-1980s, only 50 percent of them go on to earn more than their parents did," Chetty says. "It's a coin flip as to whether you are now going to achieve the American dream."
mythology  sociology  class  inequalities 
october 2018 by oripsolob
The internet isn’t why Trump won, Stanford and Brown study finds.
Trump performed worse than previous Republican candidates among internet users and people who got campaign news online, the authors find in a paper published July 18 in the journal PLOS One. And he outperformed his predecessors among the demographic groups least likely to be online. In other words, Mitt Romney and John McCain got more support from internet users than Trump did.

The paper, from Stanford economists Levi Boxell and Matthew Gentzkow and Brown economist Jesse Shapiro, adds to a growing body of research indicating that the internet’s effects on U.S. political opinion may be overstated. The same authors found in 2017 that the country’s polarization has been most intense among the oldest Americans, who also spend the least time online. Cable news has been a more significant driver of partisan divisions, research suggests. In November 2016, just weeks after Trump’s election, media studies professors Keith Hampton and Eszter Hargittai made a persuasive case in the Hill that Trump’s win wasn’t Facebook’s fault. Hampton and Hargittai pointed out that research shows Facebook users are more likely to be connected to different kinds of people, while disconnection from the internet is broadly associated with social isolation and intolerance. Trump voters were also far less likely to use Twitter or Reddit than Clinton voters, they noted.

***Still, the authors were careful to acknowledge that more research is needed. The conclusion that “the internet was not a source of advantage to Trump,” they explain, relies on a series of three assumptions, each of which could be called into question.

If any media platform is to blame, it is not the web. It is more likely television, which is a more important source of political information. Growing polarization may also result from structural economic changes, like rising inequality, that have occurred in recent decades.
Social  Media  politics  literacy  election  mythology  tv 
july 2018 by oripsolob
The Myth of Meritocracy | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Martin Luther King, 1968, National Cathedral speech / relates to The Color of Law and westward expansion and federal subsidies

"It's all right to tell a a man to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps', but it is a cruel jest to say to a bootless man, that he ought to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps'..."

References study of differences in resume callbacks based on (black vs white) names

Rich are more likely to say that "hard work" matters more.
radio  NPR  inequalities  Podcast  sociology  race  class  mythology  prisons  Money  story 
may 2018 by oripsolob
This Is America | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Today, more than 45 million Americans live in poverty. The problem has been addressed countless times since the nation’s founding, but it persists, and for the poorest among us, it gets worse. America has not been able to find its way to a sustainable solution, because most of its citizens see the problem of poverty from a distance, through a distorted lens. So in 2016, we presented "Busted: America's Poverty Myths," a series exploring how our understanding of poverty is shaped not by facts, but by private presumptions, media narratives, and the tales of the American Dream. This week we're revisiting part of that series.

1. Matthew Desmond [@just_shelter], author of on the myriad factors that perpetuate wealth inequality and Jack Frech [@FrechJack], former Athens County Ohio Welfare Director, on how the media's short attention span for covering inequality stymies our discourse around poverty. Listen.

2. Jill Lepore, historian and staff writer for the New Yorker, on the long history of America's beloved "rags to riches" narrative and Natasha Boyer, a Ohio woman whose eviction was initially prevented thanks to a generous surprise from strangers, on the reality of living in poverty and the limitations of "random acts of kindness." Listen.

3. Brooke considers the myth of meritocracy and how it obscures the reality: that one's economic success is more due to luck than motivation. Listen.
class  race  inequalities  Podcast  NPR  sociology  mythology  history 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Myth of ending Trump presidency
Until 2015, these problems were mounting but largely faceless. Donald Trump gave them a human form. He illustrates the US’s susceptibility to demagoguery and to the influence of billionaires seeking to deregulate their own businesses and cut their own taxes. He won with the assistance of one of America’s most broken and anti-majoritarian institutions (the Electoral College) with a congressional majority bolstered by gerrymandering and the underrepresentation of left-leaning urban areas.
politics  mythology  election  history 
april 2018 by oripsolob
This unheralded woman actually organized the Montgomery bus boycott
When Rosa Parks was arrested in 1955 — for refusing to move to the back of the bus — [Jo Ann] Robinson “went into high gear,” seizing the opportunity to launch a boycott she and the other members of the WPC had been planning. The night of the Parks’s arrest, Robinson printed out 35,000 fliers announcing the beginning of a citywide bus boycott on December 5, 1955. The next afternoon she and other members of the WPC handed out the fliers to black residents in Montgomery, and even volunteered to participate in the carpool system to help those who needed a ride to work. On December 5, 1955, as Robinson and the WPC had planned, local black residents in Montgomery stopped riding city buses.
mythology  race  history 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Hanover Schools vote to keep Confederate names |
Lee-Davis High School and Stonewall Jackson Middle School in Hanover County, Virginia
history  mythology  race  inequalities  War 
april 2018 by oripsolob
How Neoconservatism Led the US Into Iraq - On The Media | WNYC Studios
If you ask Democrats why the U.S. invaded Iraq in 2003, many will say that President George W. Bush cynically lied about weapons of mass destruction. Republicans — as we heard during the 2016 presidential debates — will say that President Bush meant well, but had been led astray by faulty intelligence.

Both of these narratives persist — and both distort the past, according to New York Times columnist Max Fisher. Fisher argues that the invasion was instead simply the natural unfolding of the neoconservative worldview. He and Brooke unpack the hubris behind this worldview and examine how it grew from an esoteric, academic ideology into a force that still shapes American policies and minds today.

Mentions Manifest Destiny, Vietnam War, Pentagon Papers

iraq  War  mythology  history  NPR  Podcast 
april 2018 by oripsolob
South Cumberland Elementary School Remembers the Confederacy With a Lynching
Kevin Levin: "It would be easy to conclude that the backlash against Confederate monuments and the battle flag has died down since this past summer. You would be wrong. Public schools named after Confederate leaders or that embrace the 'Rebel' mascot remain on the front lines of this debate. In recent weeks school systems in Petersburg, Virginia and Austin, Texas have joined numerous other counties across the country in renaming buildings that honor Confederate leaders."
history  race  mythology 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Swedish Cowboys & Syrian Refugees - On The Media - WNYC
In the middle of nowhere southern Sweden, there’s a popular Wild West theme park called High Chaparral, where Scandinavian tourists relive the action of the old American cowboy films. For over a year, the park served another function: a refugee camp for some 500 of the 163,000 migrants – many from Syria – who applied for asylum in Sweden in 2015.

That Syrians would find refuge here actually jibes with High Chaparral’s interpretation of the Old West, which emphasizes the new life that the frontier offered to beleaguered pioneers, and the community that was required to survive there. Americans tend to ignore this history, instead lionizing the gritty traits of the cowboy, the cultural basis for our obsession with rugged individualism.

OTM producer Micah Loewinger traveled to High Chaparral last summer, where he met Abood Alghzzawi, a Syrian asylum-seeker, who embarked on an incredible journey to the Wild West of Sweden. This piece explores how politicians seized the cowboy image to further their agendas, and how questioning the narrative of the Old West might influence immigration policy.
photos  NPR  radio  Podcast  race  history  west  mythology 
november 2017 by oripsolob
What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer - The New York Times
The USA has 270 million guns and has had 90 mass shooters from 1966 to 2012. Americans make up about 4.4 percent of the global population but own 42 percent of the world’s guns.

Adjusted for population, only Yemen has a higher rate of mass shootings among countries with more than 10 million people. Yemen has the world’s second-highest rate of gun ownership after the United States.

[C]ountries with high suicide rates tended to have low rates of mass shootings — the opposite of what you would expect if mental health problems correlated with mass shootings.

Americans sometimes see this as an expression of deeper problems with crime, a notion ingrained, in part, by a series of films portraying urban gang violence in the early 1990s. But the United States is not actually more prone to crime than other developed countries.

Any individual can snap or become entranced by a violent ideology. What is different is the likelihood that this will lead to mass murder.

[A]n American is about 300 times more likely to die by gun homicide or accident than a Japanese person.

The Difference Is Culture

The United States is one of only three countries, along with Mexico and Guatemala, that begin with the opposite assumption: that people have an inherent right to own guns.
sociology  design  constitution  Psychology  mythology  culture 
november 2017 by oripsolob
The Man Who Photographed Ghosts - The New York Times
Kafka: "Nothing can be so deceiving as a photograph"
Errol Morris:"[I]t's hard for me to imagine communication without deception. They go hand in hand."
photography  photos  mythology  Media  literacy  history 
november 2017 by oripsolob
The Next Revolution in Photography Is Coming
Digital capture quietly but definitively severed the optical connection with reality_ that physical relationship between object photographed and image differentiated lens-made imagery defined our understanding of photography for 160 years. sensor replaced to record light a computational process substitutes calculated reconstruction using only one third available photons. That’s right_ two thirds is interpolated by processor in conversion from RAW JPG or TIF. It’s reality not as we know it.
photography  mythology 
august 2017 by oripsolob
Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lange, Clem Albers & Francis Stewart's Censored Photographs of a WWII Japanese Internment Camp | Open Culture
Once the camps were built and the internees imprisoned, however, a massive propaganda effort began, not only the sell the camps as a necessary national security measure, but to portray them as idyllic villages where the patriotic internees patiently waited out the war by farming, playing baseball, making arts and crafts, running general stores, attending school, waving flags, and running newspapers.

Perhaps because of her refusal to sentimentalize the camps, or because of her left-wing politics and opposition to internment (both known before she was hired), Lange’s work was censored, not only through restricted access, but through the impoundment of over 800 photographs she took at 21 locations. Those photos were recently published in a book called Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese American Internment and hundreds of them are free to view online at the Densho Digital Repository’s Dorothea Lange Collection. The National Park Service’s collection features 16 pictures from Lange’s visit to Manzanar. At the NPS site, you’ll also find collections of photographs from that camp by Adams, Albers, and Stewart. Each, to one degree or another, faced a form of censorship in what they could photograph or whether their work would be shown at all. What most ordinary people saw at the time did not tell the whole story. For all practical purposes, writes Oberlin Library, “life at a Japanese internment camp was comparable to the life of a prisoner behind bars.”
WWII  mythology  prisons  photos  race  inequalities 
august 2017 by oripsolob
Why it makes sense to bike without a helmet — Howie Chong
According to a 2006 French study, pedestrians are 1.4 times more likely to receive a traumatic brain injury than unhelmeted cyclists.

Did you catch that? Despite the fact that car accidents are the number one cause of all fatal head trauma among teenagers, the suggestion that teens wear helmets when they drive is simply brushed off. The passage treats the idea of mandatory driving helmets as completely preposterous. Yet we insist that children wear bike helmets (in fact, in some places, it's the law) despite data that shows kids are more likely to die of head injuries riding in a car than riding on a bike.

Is there an argument that says that wearing a helmet actually increases risk of injury?

Turns out that there is. There is some evidence that wearing a helmet may directly increase your chance of getting injured in the first place.

The ultimate way to make cycling safe is to promote a culture of cycling, not bike helmet use. Helmet use is very uncommon in bike-friendly cities like Copenhagen and Amsterdam, where cyclists have been socialized to see cycling as a safe activity and where there is the infrastructure to support it.
Bike  mythology  sociology  car 
august 2017 by oripsolob
A Crowdsourcing Project About New Orleans, Confederate Monuments, and Civil War Memory
history  War  mythology 
august 2017 by oripsolob
Study: Poor Kids Who Believe in Meritocracy Suffer - The Atlantic
A new study finds that believing society is fair can lead disadvantaged adolescents to act out and engage in risky behavior.
class  race  mythology  education  sociology  chicago  inequalities 
july 2017 by oripsolob
The History Channel Is Finally Telling the Stunning Secret Story of the War on Drugs
“Most Americans would be utterly shocked if they knew the depth of involvement that the Central Intelligence Agency has had in the international drug trade.”

Next, New York University professor Christian Parenti tells viewers, “The CIA is from its very beginning collaborating with mafiosas who are involved in the drug trade because these mafiosas will serve the larger agenda of fighting communism.
history  sociology  mythology  prisons 
june 2017 by oripsolob
Students Boycott High School's Required 'Racial Identity' Day
Two staff members and two students also defended the program. One, Spiro Bolos, discussed the seminar he had given, “TV Tokenism,” which criticized portrayals of minorities in media. Another, Michael Christensen, talked about her seminar, “Drawing Lines: Housing Segregation and Redlining in Chicagoland Neighborhoods.” The class apparently did not consider a variety of political views, though housing is a current topic of local political debate.
race  education  2016  mythology 
february 2017 by oripsolob
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