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Chicago Kids Exposed To Lead And Other Factors Struggle As Adults | WBEZ
Chicago kids who grow up with high levels of lead in their blood and in communities with high rates of violence and incarceration suffer as adults. That’s according to a new Harvard University study that examines data from Chicago children who grew up in the 1990s. The analysis was published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 

Co-authored by PhD student Robert Manduca and sociologist Robert Sampson, the study aimed to go beyond a more traditional focus on poverty and tease out possible correlations between specific environmental factors and adult outcomes. 

The researchers refer to the three factors of incarceration, violence and lead exposure as creating “toxic neighborhood environments.” And they found that these factors were associated with disparities between groups in areas of incarceration, more teen pregnancy and lower wages.
class  race  inequalities  prisons  sociology  NPR 
16 days ago by oripsolob
Smart Justice: An Animated Series on Vimeo
Three short videos: 1) Life w/o parole, 2) Life after incarceration, and 3) Bail
prisons  race  women  gender  inequalities  videos 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
Today, Explained - Written in blood
For 31 years, Joe Bryan has been in prison for a murder he says he didn’t commit. He was convicted based on bloodstain-pattern analysis, but ProPublica’s Pamela Colloff says it's way less scientific than you might think.

Blood spatter analysis is sham science...
prisons  sociology 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
Americans' Perceptions of U.S. Crime Problem Are Steady
Google Doc in Prisons folder / can specify which cities to make it local
sociology  prisons  lessons 
december 2018 by oripsolob
The State of Justice Reform 2017
Look at:

"Reformers Look to Jails as a Key to Ending Mass Incarceration"

Recently, attention to the problem of mass incarceration in the United States has broadened beyond a concentration on state and federal prisons to include local jails. Unlike prisons, which hold those who have been convicted of crimes, jails primarily hold individuals awaiting trial (called the “pretrial” population) or serving short sentences (typically less than one year).
prisons  sociology 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Race, Discipline, and Safety at U.S. Public Schools | American Civil Liberties Union
The new data shows that students of color make up the majority of public school students. When federal data was first collected in 1968, over 80 percent of public school students were white. Because of changing demographics, white students now constitute just 49 percent of American school children. As the federal government considers further cuts to education funding, it should recognize that the harm will now fall in greater measure on communities of color, which have historically been underserved by school systems.
prisons  education  sociology  race 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The hidden racism of school discipline, in 7 charts - Vox
Starting even before kindergarten, black students are more likely to be suspended or expelled. They're more likely to be referred to law enforcement or even arrested. And even when they're breaking the same rules, studies have found black students are punished more often and more harshly than their white peers.

7 charts / 3 students per chart?
race  inequalities  sociology  education  prisons  lesson 
september 2018 by oripsolob
New Trier High School Summary of Selected Facts;
Look at racial demographics then click "Discipline Report" on right hand side. Compare the racial makeup of school ("Enrollement") to the percentages of students given severe disciplinary consequences (eg., suspensions).

NTHS: Black = 0.6% of students, but 6.3% and 7.5% of (in- and out-of-school) suspensions, respectively. Do the math then read this: https://www.vox.com/2015/10/31/9646504/discipline-race-charts
education  sociology  race  inequalities  newtrier  lesson  prisons 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The Myth of Meritocracy | On The Media | WNYC Studios
6:37
Martin Luther King, 1968, National Cathedral speech / relates to The Color of Law and westward expansion and federal subsidies

"It's all right to tell a a man to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps', but it is a cruel jest to say to a bootless man, that he ought to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps'..."

References study of differences in resume callbacks based on (black vs white) names

Rich are more likely to say that "hard work" matters more.
radio  NPR  inequalities  Podcast  sociology  race  class  mythology  prisons  Money  story 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Got Your ACE Score?
10 questions plus score key and graphs and charts
children  sociology  prisons  class  Health  design 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Listening To Broward County's Silenced Students | HuffPost
The process of removing students of color from school for minor classroom disturbances is called the school-to-prison pipeline. Expelled or pushed into juvenile detention centers and jail cells, these young people often have their lives derailed by harsh disciplinary measures.

While Black students made up only 40 percent of district enrollment, they comprised almost 70 percent of out-of-school suspensions. Black students were three times more likely to experience out-of-school suspensions than their White counterparts.
prisons  sociology  ferguson 
february 2018 by oripsolob
Exclusive: Trump privately talks up executing all big drug dealers - Axios
He often jokes about killing drug dealers... He’ll say, 'You know the Chinese and Filipinos don’t have a drug problem. They just kill them.'
— A senior administration official to Axios
War  constitution  prisons  sociology 
february 2018 by oripsolob
Aunt Mary’s Storybook – Companions Journeying Together
We record imprisoned parents reading books to their children and send the recording and book to the child.

The overall organization is called Companions Journeying Together. The specific organization that I work for within that group is called Aunt Mary's Storybook.

They are running on a shoestring, but they are doing good work. Basically we have one full time employee facilitating work at all of the institutions you see listed on the link. We have a budget in the $50,000-100,000 range.
story  Books  prisons  sociology  children 
january 2018 by oripsolob
States of Incarceration: The Global Context 2016 | Prison Policy Initiative
Louisiana has been called “the world’s prison capital. The state imprisons more of its people, per head, than any of its U.S. counterparts. First among Americans means first in the world.” But in the global context, how far behind are the other 49 states, really? This report finds that the disturbing answer is “Not very far.”
prisons  sociology  design  inequalities 
january 2018 by oripsolob
Fandom: A Passion For Soap Operas Kept One Prisoner Out Of Trouble : NPR
Chris Scott spent 13 years in prison for a murder he didn't commit.

Before his time in jail, he led a quiet, domestic life with his two sons and his girlfriend.

Then his life became a nightmare. Scott constantly worried for his safety. He learned to cope in prison, but he knew he had to stay out of trouble, because if his innocence was proved, he wanted to be able to walk free.
prisons  sociology  culture  tv  story 
november 2017 by oripsolob
Life on Parole | Watch S35 E14 | FRONTLINE | PBS
NYTimes article on Adverse Childhood Experiences and agents of socialization, too: https://nyti.ms/2kPgKO5
prisons  sociology  Video  children 
october 2017 by oripsolob
Clem Albers | Densho Encyclopedia
Japanese Internment Incarceration photographer
prisons  history  photography 
september 2017 by oripsolob
Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lange, Clem Albers & Francis Stewart's Censored Photographs of a WWII Japanese Internment Camp | Open Culture
Once the camps were built and the internees imprisoned, however, a massive propaganda effort began, not only the sell the camps as a necessary national security measure, but to portray them as idyllic villages where the patriotic internees patiently waited out the war by farming, playing baseball, making arts and crafts, running general stores, attending school, waving flags, and running newspapers.

Perhaps because of her refusal to sentimentalize the camps, or because of her left-wing politics and opposition to internment (both known before she was hired), Lange’s work was censored, not only through restricted access, but through the impoundment of over 800 photographs she took at 21 locations. Those photos were recently published in a book called Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese American Internment and hundreds of them are free to view online at the Densho Digital Repository’s Dorothea Lange Collection. The National Park Service’s collection features 16 pictures from Lange’s visit to Manzanar. At the NPS site, you’ll also find collections of photographs from that camp by Adams, Albers, and Stewart. Each, to one degree or another, faced a form of censorship in what they could photograph or whether their work would be shown at all. What most ordinary people saw at the time did not tell the whole story. For all practical purposes, writes Oberlin Library, “life at a Japanese internment camp was comparable to the life of a prisoner behind bars.”
WWII  mythology  prisons  photos  race  inequalities 
august 2017 by oripsolob
Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar - About this Collection - Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (Library of Congress)
[NOTE: click View All or Collection Highlights]

For the first time, digital scans of both Adams's original negatives and his photographic prints appear side by side allowing viewers to see Adams's darkroom technique, in particular, how he cropped his prints.

Adams's Manzanar work is a departure from his signature style landscape photography. Although a majority of the more than 200 photographs are portraits, the images also include views of daily life, agricultural scenes, and sports and leisure activities (see Collection Highlights). When offering the collection to the Library in 1965, Adams said in a letter, "The purpose of my work was to show how these people, suffering under a great injustice, and loss of property, businesses and professions, had overcome the sense of defeat and dispair [sic] by building for themselves a vital community in an arid (but magnificent) environment....All in all, I think this Manzanar Collection is an important historical document, and I trust it can be put to good use."

Ansel Adams published a book in conjunction with a (highly controversial) photography exhibit at the MoMA during World War II. The book (and exhibit) was called Born Free and Equal: Photographs of the loyal Japanese-Americans at Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, California. This book was burned and criticized by Americans and originals are now considered rare.
photos  photography  history  prisons  race  inequalities 
august 2017 by oripsolob
About the CDC-Kaiser ACE Study
The CDC-Kaiser Permanente Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations of childhood abuse and neglect and later-life health and well-being.

Survey Questions?
All ACE questions refer to the respondent’s first 18 years of life.

Abuse
Emotional abuse: A parent, stepparent, or adult living in your home swore at you, insulted you, put you down, or acted in a way that made you afraid that you might be physically hurt.

Physical abuse: A parent, stepparent, or adult living in your home pushed, grabbed, slapped, threw something at you, or hit you so hard that you had marks or were injured.

Sexual abuse: An adult, relative, family friend, or stranger who was at least 5 years older than you ever touched or fondled your body in a sexual way, made you touch his/her body in a sexual way, attempted to have any type of sexual intercourse with you.

Household Challenges
Mother treated violently: Your mother or stepmother was pushed, grabbed, slapped, had something thrown at her, kicked, bitten, hit with a fist, hit with something hard, repeatedly hit for over at least a few minutes, or ever threatened or hurt by a knife or gun by your father (or stepfather) or mother’s boyfriend.

Household substance abuse: A household member was a problem drinker or alcoholic or a household member used street drugs.

Mental illness in household: A household member was depressed or mentally ill or a household member attempted suicide.

Parental separation or divorce: Your parents were ever separated or divorced.

Criminal household member: A household member went to prison.

Neglect
1
Emotional neglect: Someone in your family helped you feel important or special, you felt loved, people in your family looked out for each other and felt close to each other, and your family was a source of strength and support.
2
Physical neglect: There was someone to take care of you, protect you, and take you to the doctor if you needed it2, you didn’t have enough to eat, your parents were too drunk or too high to take care of you, and you had to wear dirty clothes.

As the number of ACEs increases so does the risk for the following:

Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Depression
Fetal death
Health-related quality of life
Illicit drug use
Ischemic heart disease
Liver disease
Poor work performance
Financial stress
Risk for intimate partner violence
Multiple sexual partners
Sexually transmitted diseases
Smoking
Suicide attempts
Unintended pregnancies
Early initiation of smoking
Early initiation of sexual activity
Adolescent pregnancy
Risk for sexual violence
Poor academic achievement
children  Health  sociology  Psychology  inequalities  prisons 
july 2017 by oripsolob
Two studies aim to bring funding and attention to neurofeedback in the treatment of PTSD « ACEs Too High
Research from the CDC-Kaiser Permanente Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) shows that people who suffer early childhood neglect and abuse get sick more often throughout their lives and with more serious illnesses than the average population. They also become addicted at much higher rates and are far more likely to attempt and commit suicide. As a result of all of these factors, as a cohort, people who have experienced an overwhelming amount of abuse and neglect as children will die 20 years ahead of their peers.
children  sociology  prisons  inequalities  Psychology 
july 2017 by oripsolob
The History Channel Is Finally Telling the Stunning Secret Story of the War on Drugs
“Most Americans would be utterly shocked if they knew the depth of involvement that the Central Intelligence Agency has had in the international drug trade.”

Next, New York University professor Christian Parenti tells viewers, “The CIA is from its very beginning collaborating with mafiosas who are involved in the drug trade because these mafiosas will serve the larger agenda of fighting communism.
history  sociology  mythology  prisons 
june 2017 by oripsolob
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2017 | Prison Policy Initiative
STATE vs FEDERAL: All of the offense data presented comes with an important set of caveats. A person in prison for multiple offenses is reported only for the most serious offense so, for example, there are people in prison for “violent” offenses who might have also been convicted of a drug offense. Further, almost all convictions are the result of plea bargains, where people plead guilty to a lesser offense, perhaps of a different category or one that they may not have actually committed.
prisons  sociology 
may 2017 by oripsolob
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