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Parents’ Screen Time Is Hurting Kids - The Atlantic
Yet for all the talk about children’s screen time, surprisingly little attention is paid to screen use by parents themselves, who now suffer from what the technology expert Linda Stone more than 20 years ago called “continuous partial attention.” This condition is harming not just us, as Stone has argued; it is harming our children. The new parental-interaction style can interrupt an ancient emotional cueing system, whose hallmark is responsive communication, the basis of most human learning. We’re in uncharted territory.
children  shallows  Technology 
june 2018 by oripsolob
Having Your Smartphone Nearby Takes a Toll on Your Thinking (Even When It’s Silent and Facedown)
[I]ndividuals who completed these tasks while their phones were in another room performed the best, followed by those who left their phones in their pockets. In last place were those whose phones were on their desks. We saw similar results when participants’ phones were turned off: people performed worst when their phones were nearby, and best when they were away in a separate room. Thus, merely having their smartphones out on the desk led to a small but statistically significant impairment of individuals’ cognitive capacity — on par with effects of lacking sleep.

Beyond these cognitive and health-related consequences, smartphones may impair our social functioning: having your smartphone out can distract you during social experiences and make them less enjoyable.
shallows  Technology  phone  Social  Psychology  sociology 
march 2018 by oripsolob
I have forgotten how to read - The Globe and Mail
When we become cynical readers – when we read in the disjointed, goal-oriented way that online life encourages – we stop exercising our attention. We stop reading with a sense of faith that some larger purpose may be served. This doesn't mean we're reading less – not at all. In fact, we live in a text-gorged society in which the most fleeting thought is a thumb-dash away from posterity. What's at stake is not whether we read. It's how we read....

The suggestion that, in a few generations, our experience of media will be reinvented shouldn't surprise us. We should, instead, marvel at the fact we ever read books at all. Great researchers such as Maryanne Wolf and Alison Gopnik remind us that the human brain was never designed to read. Rather, elements of the visual cortex – which evolved for other purposes – were hijacked in order to pull off the trick. The deep reading that a novel demands doesn't come easy and it was never "natural." Our default state is, if anything, one of distractedness. The gaze shifts, the attention flits; we scour the environment for clues. (Otherwise, that predator in the shadows might eat us.) How primed are we for distraction? One famous study found humans would rather give themselves electric shocks than sit alone with their thoughts for 10 minutes. We disobey those instincts every time we get lost in a book.
literacy  Books  shallows 
february 2018 by oripsolob
Early Facebook and Google Employees Form Coalition to Fight What They Built - The New York Times
SAN FRANCISCO — A group of Silicon Valley technologists who were early employees at Facebook and Google, alarmed over the ill effects of social networks and smartphones, are banding together to challenge the companies they helped build.

The cohort is creating a union of concerned experts called the Center for Humane Technology. Along with the nonprofit media watchdog group Common Sense Media, it also plans an anti-tech addiction lobbying effort and an ad campaign at 55,000 public schools in the United States.

The campaign, titled The Truth About Tech, will be funded with $7 million from Common Sense and capital raised by the Center for Humane Technology. Common Sense also has $50 million in donated media and airtime from partners including Comcast and DirecTV. It will be aimed at educating students, parents and teachers about the dangers of technology, including the depression that can come from heavy use of social media.
shallows  education  Technology 
february 2018 by oripsolob
The iPhone X proves the Unabomber was right - Chicago Tribune
Smartphones have followed the same pattern. When cellphones first appeared, they gave people one more means of communication, which they could accept or reject. But before long, most of us began to feel naked and panicky anytime we left home without one.

To do without a cellphone — and soon, if not already, a smartphone — means estranging oneself from normal society. We went from “you can have a portable communication device” to “you must have a portable communication device” practically overnight.

Not that long ago, you could escape the phone by leaving the house. Today most people are expected to be instantly reachable at all times. These devices have gone from servants to masters.

Kaczynski cannot be surprised. “Once a technical innovation has been introduced,” he noted, “people usually become dependent on it, so that they can never again do without it, unless it is replaced by some still more advanced innovation. Not only do people become dependent as individuals on a new item of technology, but, even more, the system as a whole becomes dependent on it. (Imagine what would happen to the system today if computers, for example, were eliminated.)”
phone  Technology  iphone  shallows 
september 2017 by oripsolob
You’re Too Busy. You Need a ‘Shultz Hour.’ - The New York Times
Richard Thaler, the great behavioral economist and a Tversky protégé, self-deprecatingly describes himself as lazy. But Thaler is not lazy, no matter how much he may insist otherwise. He is instead wise enough to know that constant activity isn’t an enjoyable or productive way to live.

Whether you decide a Shultz Hour makes sense for you, I’d encourage you not to fool yourself into thinking that you can easily change your habits in little ways here and there. The ubiquity of smartphones, together with our culture of celebrating busyness, makes ad hoc approaches difficult. You are much more likely to carve out time for strategic thinking by making concrete changes to your habits.
shallows  iphone  Technology 
july 2017 by oripsolob
Instagram and Anxiety of the Photographer - Part III — Joshua Sariñana
“[we] still look relentlessly to technology for solutions to the very problems technology seems to cause[...]"– David Foster Wallace
shallows  iphone  photography 
december 2016 by oripsolob
The End of Reflection - The New York Times
If the data is any indication, most of us use our phones more than we think: Participants estimated an average of 37 uses throughout the day (anything that turns on the screen, from hitting snooze to making a call), but the actual number was around 85. The slight majority took less than 30 seconds. (Participants also underestimated duration of use by about an hour — the real total was 5.05 hours — which included phone calls and listening to music when the screen was off.)

If you are awake for 16 hours, turning on or checking your phone 85 times means doing so about once every 11 minutes (and doesn’t account for internet use on a computer), and 5.05 hours is over 30 percent of the day. What might be the effect on reflection of this compulsive behavior?
shallows  fb 
june 2016 by oripsolob
Note to Self: There's Just Something About Paper
Researchers at Princeton and UCLA say taking notes by hand is actually better for retaining information. In three studies, they found that students who took notes on laptops had more trouble answering conceptual questions than those who took notes longhand in a class. Laptop note takers, it turns out, tend to transcribe lectures rather than processing the facts and reframing them in their own words.
radio  books  npr  podcast  shallows  technology  education 
june 2015 by oripsolob
Technology Of Books Has Changed, But Bookstores Are Hanging In There : NPR
"For me the great lesson was that what we do during the day bleeds over into what we do during the night," she says. "The immersion online is always in some ways shadowed, if you will, by this constant reminder that we should be doing something else, too; that our email is just a click away; that there is this almost incessant feeling of 'Well, I should go faster,' instead of 'I should immerse myself.' "
shallows  books 
may 2015 by oripsolob
Your Nostalgia Isn’t Helping Me Learn — The Synapse — Medium
CRITIQUE: The Vox article defines learning as remembering information. That’s funny, because learning is not memorizing, and I think all educators would agree on that.
shallows  learning  education  technology 
april 2015 by oripsolob
Using Technology to Outsource Human Memory - The Atlantic
“the photos can help us reconstruct our memories, but they don't take the place of the experience.” Still, it turns out that photographing even the most minutiae details of our lives might prove memorable after all. Ting Zhang, a doctoral student at Harvard Business School, has been studying the process of rediscovering past experiences in our minds. What she’s found through a number of different experiments is that people don’t expect to remember the “ordinary” moments in their lives—the commonplace conversations, or the regular workday—in comparison to “extraordinary” moments like birthdays or holidays. “People underestimate rediscovery because they are overconfident in how much of the present moment they will be able to remember in the future,” Zhang wrote in an email. But, when presented with remnants of old memories, even of the most ordinary of moments, they found pleasure in remembering the experiences.
psychology  history  brain  photos  shallows 
march 2015 by oripsolob
Can Students Have Too Much Tech? -
The problem is the differential impact on children from poor families. Babies born to low-income parents spend at least 40 percent of their waking hours in front of a screen — more than twice the time spent by middle-class babies. They also get far less cuddling and bantering over family meals than do more privileged children. The give-and-take of these interactions is what predicts robust vocabularies and school success. Apps and videos don’t. If children who spend more time with electronic devices are also more likely to be out of sync with their peers’ behavior and learning by the fourth grade, why would adding more viewing and clicking to their school days be considered a good idea?
shallows  education  technology  class  inequalities  sociology  ais  speech  politics 
january 2015 by oripsolob
How people read online: Why you won’t finish this article.
Schwartz’s data shows that readers can’t stay focused. The more I type, the more of you tune out. And it’s not just me. It’s not just Slate. It’s everywhere online. When people land on a story, they very rarely make it all the way down the page. A lot of people don’t even make it halfway. Even more dispiriting is the relationship between scrolling and sharing. Schwartz’s data suggest that lots of people are tweeting out links to articles they haven’t fully read.
writing  shallows  education  ais 
september 2014 by oripsolob
Steve Jobs Was a Low-Tech Parent -
“So, your kids must love the iPad?” I asked Mr. Jobs, trying to change the subject. The company’s first tablet was just hitting the shelves. “They haven’t used it,” he told me. “We limit how much technology our kids use at home.”
shallows  technology  education 
september 2014 by oripsolob
Why I Just Asked My Students To Put Their Laptops Away… — Medium
Allowing laptop use in class is like allowing boombox use in class — it lets each person choose whether to degrade the experience of those around them. [E]ffective groups often develop elaborate structures, designed to keep their sophisticated goals from being derailed by more primal group activities like gossiping about members and vilifying non-members. The structure of a classroom, and especially a seminar room, exhibits the same tension. All present have an incentive for the class to be as engaging as possible; even though engagement often means waiting to speak while listening to other people wrestle with half-formed thoughts, that’s the process by which people get good at managing the clash of ideas. Against that long-term value, however, each member has an incentive to opt out, even if only momentarily. Anyone distracted in class doesn’t just lose out on the content of the discussion, they create a sense of permission that opting out is OK...
education  technology  shallows 
september 2014 by oripsolob
Twitter, Facebook, Instagram: It’s possible to use social media mindfully.
Sherry Turkle wrote about putting our lives “on pause" in order to tweet, text, or take a selfie: “When you get accustomed to a life of stops and starts, you get less accustomed to reflecting on where you are and what you are thinking.” A few months ago, also in the Times, Nick Bilton wrote that we're all so busy capturing moments, we're not living in them. This is a false choice. You can live in the moment and capture it.
shallows  iphone  photography  social  media  technology 
december 2013 by oripsolob
Are search engines and the Internet hurting human memory? - Slate Magazine
Though you might assume search engines are mostly used to answer questions, some research has found that up to 40 percent of all queries are acts of remembering. We're trying to refresh the details of something we've previously encountered. If there’s a big danger in using machines for transactive memory, it’s not about making us stupider or less memorious. It’s in the inscrutability of their mechanics. Transactive memory works best when you have a sense of how your partners' minds work—where they're strong, where they're weak, where their biases lie. I can judge that for people close to me. But it's harder with digital tools, particularly search engines. They’re for-profit firms that guard their algorithms like crown jewels. And this makes them different from previous forms of transactive machine memory.
search  sociology  psychology  iphone  brain  shallows 
september 2013 by oripsolob
No Child Left Untableted -
Rupert Murdoch's new idea for how to educate America.
technology  education  shallows 
september 2013 by oripsolob
Do e-readers inhibit reading comprehension? -
Compared with paper, screens may also drain more of our mental resources while we are reading and make it a little harder to remember what we read when we are done. A parallel line of research focuses on people’s attitudes toward different kinds of media. Whether they realize it or not, many people approach computers and tablets with a state of mind less conducive to learning than the one they bring to paper.
books  text  shallows 
april 2013 by oripsolob
Common Core and Print
Before we bury our books, magazines and newspapers, as an advocate for print, I would like to press pause on education's electronic obsession. As teachers, we find that our students concentrate better, read with greater clarity, and analyze text more critically when reading with physical copies of books and newspapers.
books  social  education  media  shallows 
february 2013 by oripsolob
Study Explodes the Myth of Internet-Based Information Overload | Social Media Today
Not sure it really delivers what the headline promises. Only measure people's feelings about new media, not brain-based changes.
september 2012 by oripsolob
eBooks That Read You - On The Media
2012 is the first year that adult eBooks have outsold adult hardcover books.
AIS  history  privacy  shallows  books  radio  npr 
july 2012 by oripsolob
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