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oripsolob : sociology   1247

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Derek Black and Matthew Stevenson — How Friendship and Quiet Conversations Transformed a White Nationalist - The On Being Project
Sociology Sal:
Retweeted Krista Tippett
This was a great episode. For #teachsoc it highlights ingroups/outgroups, stereotypes, and the importance of personal connection. #race
inequalities  sociology  race  Podcast  NPR 
yesterday by oripsolob
Facial recognition's 'dirty little secret': Millions of online photos scraped without consent
Facial recognition can log you into your iPhone, track criminals through crowds and identify loyal customers in stores.

The technology — which is imperfect but improving rapidly — is based on algorithms that learn how to recognize human faces and the hundreds of ways in which each one is unique.

To do this well, the algorithms must be fed hundreds of thousands of images of a diverse array of faces. Increasingly, those photos are coming from the internet, where they’re swept up by the millions without the knowledge of the people who posted them, categorized by age, gender, skin tone and dozens of other metrics, and shared with researchers at universities and companies.
privacy  1984  photos  sociology  Social  Media  Corporation 
5 days ago by oripsolob
They Left Me Out, and I Saw It All - The New York Times
FOMO versus actually knowing that you are missing out
sociology  Social  Media 
18 days ago by oripsolob
From Blackface To Blackfishing : NPR: Mickey Mouse
Mickey's early appearances were just layered with markers of blackface minstrelsy.

SAMMOND: His facial characteristics, the gloves he sometimes wears, the way that he acts, his bodily plasticity, his ability to take punishment all are kind of markers of the minstrel that are actually - had - were kind of established by the time he came on the scene in the late 1920s.

"Turkey in the Straw"

Nicholas said these cartoons were not just inspired by minstrelsy. They were quite literally minstrels in cartoons that had the same structure as minstrel shows with real people. And the audience that's watching those shorts in those days, they understood them as minstrel shows. By the time Mickey Mouse debuts, vaudeville is already on the wane. But blackface didn't die. It just left the stage and moved over to this new medium.

...

Nicholas told me that in the script for "Dumbo," the lead crow was actually called Jim Crow.

...
"Coal Black And De Sebben Dwarfs," by the way, that short is part of what's now called the Censored Eleven - a bunch of Warner Brothers cartoons that have since been taken out of syndication for being too racist. So Coal Black was happening alongside Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny and Felix the Cat. But Nicholas said this newer version of blackface with these much more markedly racist caricatures, it's, like, so obviously racist that people just stopped paying attention to how racist Mickey Mouse and Felix the Cat were.

...
After World War II, the nascent civil rights movement and the advent of television changed the terrain for blackface again. "Amos 'N' Andy," that long-running blackface radio show, tried to make the jump to TV in 1951 only with an entire cast of black actors in those lead roles. But the show's blackface reputation preceded it. And civil rights groups, including the NAACP, successfully petitioned CBS to cancel the show. So it was gone after three seasons. The weird twist to that is there wouldn't be another TV show with a majority black cast for another two decades. That's "Sanford And Son" in case you were wondering.
...
And this isn't just about blackface. This is about the white fantasy of black culture generally, right? So I mean, that's where I see this coming from. It's that there's this is deep, deep fetishistic desire for temporary blackness or the benefits of blackness that then triggers an equally deep shame on the other side of it because they - people know it's wrong at some level, you know? I mean, how else do you explain something that just has been roundly condemned for generations and just keeps happening.

DEMBY: Which brings us to this phenomenon that people are referring to as a new form of blackface - blackfishing, you know, like catfishing
race  history  humor  NPR  Music  sociology  Social  Media 
25 days ago by oripsolob
How We Analyzed Video Gambling in Illinois | ProPublica Illinois
More often than not, video gambling machines are found in lower-income communities, our analysis of demographic data found. Devices can be found in Berwyn but not Oak Park, Waukegan but not Lake Forest, Harvey but not Palos Park. In fact, as the average income level of a community decreases, the average number of machines increases. The city of Chicago does not allow gambling machines within the city limits and has therefore been excluded from this analysis.

We found a significant negative correlation between the number of video gambling machines and the average household income of a city and a county.
Games  Video  sociology  class  inequalities 
26 days ago by oripsolob
How We Analyzed Video Gambling in Illinois | ProPublica Illinois
The first story in the series, published Jan. 16, looks at the finances behind the expansion of video gambling. For this story, we conducted a demographic analysis of where machines are distributed. The analysis found the number of machines increases as the average income level of the community decreases.
sociology  class  inequalities  Games 
26 days ago by oripsolob
'The goal is to automate us': welcome to the age of surveillance capitalism | Technology | The Guardian
“Surveillance capitalism,” she writes, “unilaterally claims human experience as free raw material for translation into behavioural data. Although some of these data are applied to service improvement, the rest are declared as a proprietary behavioural surplus, fed into advanced manufacturing processes known as ‘machine intelligence’, and fabricated into prediction products that anticipate what you will do now, soon, and later. Finally, these prediction products are traded in a new kind of marketplace that I call behavioural futures markets. Surveillance capitalists have grown immensely wealthy from these trading operations, for many companies are willing to lay bets on our future behaviour.”
1984  Technology  Corporation  sociology  advertising 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
The Gap | National Low Income Housing Coalition
No State Has an Adequate Supply of Affordable Rental Housing for the Lowest Income Renters
class  sociology  inequalities  housing 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
Regional Housing Solutions
Understanding housing submarkets can help communities develop new initiatives that are responsive to local needs.
housing  sociology  maps 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
Opinion | Why Girls Beat Boys at School and Lose to Them at the Office - The New York Times
As a psychologist who works with teenagers, I hear this concern often from the parents of many of my patients. They routinely remark that their sons do just enough to keep the adults off their backs, while their daughters relentlessly grind, determined to leave no room for error. The girls don’t stop until they’ve polished each assignment to a high shine and rewritten their notes with color-coded precision.

We need to ask: What if school is a confidence factory for our sons, but only a competence factory for our daughters?
gender  education  inequalities  sociology 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
Photo series asks teens to edit photos until they're 'social media ready' - INSIDER
A photo series has shown the lengths some young people go to to edit their appearance before posting pictures on social media platforms like Instagram — and the results are pretty shocking.

The project, entitled Selfie Harm, saw renowned British photographer Rankin photograph 15 British teens aged 13-19.

The teens were then asked to spend five minutes editing the photo until they thought it looked "social media-ready."

The shots show not only how simple it is to change your appearance in a few minutes (thanks to the plethora of apps available nowadays), but also the pressure young people are under to look a certain way.
sociology  Social  Media  inequalities  gender  photos  editor 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
Today, Explained - Written in blood
For 31 years, Joe Bryan has been in prison for a murder he says he didn’t commit. He was convicted based on bloodstain-pattern analysis, but ProPublica’s Pamela Colloff says it's way less scientific than you might think.

Blood spatter analysis is sham science...
prisons  sociology 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
AH101 Sessions
Joining Forces for Affordable Housing (sessions)
housing  sociology 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
Submit a comment — Hands Off IX
Could this be used even after the public comment period has expired? Could it be used for both sides of the debate?
women  gender  sociology 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
Title IX Public Comment Period Set To End : NPR
CIVIC ENGAGEMENT?

The Department of Education has been inundated with approximately 100,000 public comments on its proposed new rules for how campuses handle cases of sexual assault. Secretary Betsy DeVos opened the public comment period two months ago, after unveiling her plan to replace Obama-era rules with regulations that, she says, would better protect the accused. The window for comments closes Wednesday at midnight.

Many who have weighed in praise the new rules for "restoring sanity" and fairness to the process but many more are critical.
gender  women  sociology  NPR 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
Inside the Organizations That Support Accused Campus Rapists - Glamour
Nice nuance on the issue of "false accusations":

"False rape accusation is a hot-button topic. We don’t know the exact percentage of rape allegations that are false–many feminists claim it’s 2 percent, though this is likely a low estimate, as it’s based on a study that counts only cases where the accusation is provably false. On the other end of the spectrum, True from Save Our Sons cites a statistic that one in three students found guilty of sexual misconduct through Title IX hearings are in fact innocent—a statistic that comes from a UCLA study that focused on mathematical probability of false accusations without analyzing actual cases.

“Based on the large number of emails I receive, I have a sense that false accusations are common among ex-girlfriends for various reasons, but usually out of revenge or jealously,” says True. “And also, college girls accuse either gender when they want a political advantage, like a limited graduate school slot, or an RA position.”

Men’s rights activists often cite a statistic that 41 percent of rape allegations are false, but this can’t be verified. Nor can much frequently cited data on sexual violence. There are too many complicated issues at play, such as true victims recanting because of external pressure or cases being dropped for lack of evidence."
gender  women  sociology 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
Owned, A Tale of Two Americas | Gene Siskel Film Center
The dark side of the middle class ideal of home ownership, a bedrock component of the
American Dream, is explored with briskly-paced verve, giving this twisty tale of myth-making,
entrenched racism, and financial manipulation an urgent vibrancy.  The explosive growth of
post-WWII suburbia, exemplified by developments like Levittown, launched legions of returning
white G.I.s into a class upgrade that made them lords of the lawnmower and backyard grill,
while minorities were simultaneously being barred from the giddy prosperity party of the Fifties
by practices that included extensive redlining and covenant deeds that mandated racial and ethnic
exclusions.  Director Angelini (producer of MY FRIEND DAHMER) moves forward through
the decades to link house flipping, the McMansion craze, underwater mortgages, and the 2008
crash with the widening gap between the haves and have-nots.  DCP digital.
housing  sociology  race  inequalities 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
Inside the GM plant where nooses and 'whites-only' signs intimidated workers - CNN
Boyd and other workers of color learned there was a coded language to talk about them, according to the lawsuit. White employees kept calling them "Dan." They thought some people didn't respect them enough to learn their names. But other colleagues told them it was a slur, an acronym for "dumb ass nigger."

The N-word was a regular part of life at Toledo Powertrain, where components are made for various Chevrolet, Buick, GMC and Cadillac vehicles, Boyd said. A white woman seen walking with him later found "Nigger lover" written on her pizza box.

It wasn't just Boyd and Brooks complaining. Another employee made a police report about the nooses and conversations about guns being brought to work. Others filed complaints with the Ohio Civil Rights Commission.

The commission, which enforces state laws against discrimination, announced the findings of a nine-month investigation last March: GM *did* allow a racially hostile environment.
race  sociology  Corporation  inequalities 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
Income Limits | HUD USER
useful for calculating the AMI for the MSA. Use 80% for homeowners and 60% for renters.
sociology  housing  Reference 
9 weeks ago by oripsolob
Why we still need John Berger’s Ways of Seeing | Dazed
But it’s Berger’s discussion of how we look at women which resonates most strongly in our current image-obsessed society. Today, the idea of the male gaze may seem well established, and Berger and his all-male team didn’t claim to invent the concept which would later be christened by film critic Laura Mulvey.
gender  women  sociology  inequalities  Video  tv  advertising 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
‘What the Hell Is This?’ Officer in Viral Subway Video Didn’t Know He Had Gone Viral - The New York Times
The video was not the first time Officer Ali had gotten noticed online. He had achieved a small measure of attention after Customs and Border Protection detained him at Kennedy Airport in the early months of the Trump administration, even though he was a citizen, a New York police officer and a combat veteran who had spent two years in Kuwait.
Video  sociology  Social  Media  ferguson 
11 weeks ago by oripsolob
Displaced: When the Eisenhower Expressway Moved in, Who Was Forced Out?
Mom lived at 623 S. Halsted.

Eisenhower Expressway built between 1949 and 1961. Displaced 13,000 people and 400 businesses.

Near West Side: "the community population of 50,000 includes chiefly persons of Italian, Mexican, Greek, Jewish, and Negro ancestry.”

“There was a tight-knit Greek community,” says Harry Lalagos, who was born in 1944 and lived at 642 S. Blue Island Ave. “Everybody knew everybody, and everybody had cousins and relatives that all lived in the same area. … My dad had a store down there, a grocery store and a restaurant.”

“Our doors were always open,” says Harry’s younger sister, Demetra Lalagos. “People were just popping in and out. … Everybody got along.”

But then came the expressway. “I remember the construction equipment digging down and putting in the overpasses,” Harry says. “If you were standing on the Halsted Street overpass and looking west, you would see the overpasses at Morgan Street and Racine, but it was just all dirt. And every one of the underpasses would flood from the rain. … We'd build a raft and just float around in there.”

The expressway wasn’t the only project that tore up Greektown and Little Italy. A decade later, even more people — including the Lalagos family — were forced out when the University of Illinois built a campus there. “That is what really broke up the Greektown area,” Demetra says. “It was a sad time.”

Their father was forced to close his business around 1959, and the family moved near North and Harlem avenues. “It broke his heart to move out of there, because it was his life,” Harry says.

Greektown’s surviving businesses shifted north of where they had been. “As far as the residential part of it, pretty much all of the people had scattered to different parts of the city,” Harry says.
history  chicago  sociology  inequalities 
12 weeks ago by oripsolob
Affordable Housing Units Proposed In Deerbrook Development Plan | Patch
The developers hoping to build 246 residential units behind the Deerbrook Shopping Center offered to include 18 affordable apartments for at least 25 years.

That's 7% "affordable" housing, which according to the developer means available to persons earning less than 120% AMI.
housing  sociology 
december 2018 by oripsolob
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