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oripsolob : sociology   1077

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Robin Dunbar: Is There A Limit To How Many Friends We Can Have? : NPR
Anthropologist Robin Dunbar believes the evolutionary structure of social networks limits us to 150 meaningful relationships at a time — even with the rise of social media
sociology  Video  Psychology  Social  Media 
12 days ago by oripsolob
Bryan Stevenson and the Legacy of Lynching | The New Yorker
Jordan Steiker, the professor who convened the meeting, told me, “In one sense, the death penalty is clearly a substitute for lynching. One of the main justifications for the use of the death penalty, especially in the South, was that it served to avoid lynching. The number of people executed rises tremendously at the end of the lynching era. And there’s still incredible overlap between places that had lynching and places that continue to use the death penalty.” Drawing on the work of such noted legal scholars as David Garland and Franklin Zimring, Steiker and his sister Carol, a professor at Harvard Law School, have written a forthcoming book, “Courting Death: The Supreme Court and Capital Punishment,” which explores the links between lynching and state-sponsored executions.
history  race  inequalities  sociology 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
Feminist Frequency — Critical Commons
A collection of clips from Anita Sarkeesian analyzing the gender politics of commercial television
tv  gender  sociology 
7 weeks ago by oripsolob
areyoureadytotalk | SPARQTools
Starting conversations about race, etc
race  sociology  mcp 
7 weeks ago by oripsolob
The US fertility rate just hit a historic low - Vox
It’s not yet clear exactly what’s driving the trend, and the CDC authors don’t offer any guesses. Some, like the economist Lyman Stone, have suggested America’s “historic collapse in childbearing” is being driven by the fact that society isn’t organized to support women having all the babies they’d like to. Others have blamed the economy.

Whatever the cause, the Hill authors warned a low birthrate is another contributor to the “aging society” in the US — where the proportion of the population over 65 is greater than the proportion under age 15 — and that the effects of the low birthrate “will reverberate for years to come.”

But there are also two pieces of good news embedded in the data, especially for women. It turns out the decline in fertility is largely being driven by a dramatic drop in teen births and women joining the workforce. Second, America is simply looking more like its economic peers when it comes to the fertility rate — and that can be partially explained by the drop in unintended pregnancies.
sociology  gender  women  children  history 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
The Myth of Meritocracy | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Martin Luther King, 1968, National Cathedral speech / relates to The Color of Law and westward expansion and federal subsidies

"It's all right to tell a a man to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps', but it is a cruel jest to say to a bootless man, that he ought to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps'..."

References study of differences in resume callbacks based on (black vs white) names

Rich are more likely to say that "hard work" matters more.
radio  NPR  inequalities  Podcast  sociology  race  class  mythology  prisons  Money  story 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
This Is America | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Today, more than 45 million Americans live in poverty. The problem has been addressed countless times since the nation’s founding, but it persists, and for the poorest among us, it gets worse. America has not been able to find its way to a sustainable solution, because most of its citizens see the problem of poverty from a distance, through a distorted lens. So in 2016, we presented "Busted: America's Poverty Myths," a series exploring how our understanding of poverty is shaped not by facts, but by private presumptions, media narratives, and the tales of the American Dream. This week we're revisiting part of that series.

1. Matthew Desmond [@just_shelter], author of on the myriad factors that perpetuate wealth inequality and Jack Frech [@FrechJack], former Athens County Ohio Welfare Director, on how the media's short attention span for covering inequality stymies our discourse around poverty. Listen.

2. Jill Lepore, historian and staff writer for the New Yorker, on the long history of America's beloved "rags to riches" narrative and Natasha Boyer, a Ohio woman whose eviction was initially prevented thanks to a generous surprise from strangers, on the reality of living in poverty and the limitations of "random acts of kindness." Listen.

3. Brooke considers the myth of meritocracy and how it obscures the reality: that one's economic success is more due to luck than motivation. Listen.
class  race  inequalities  Podcast  NPR  sociology  mythology  history 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
The Blunder Years
Molly Ringwald revisits the Breakfast Club with her daughter. Start at 38:16 for a 16 minute clip.
sociology  movies  gender  inequalities  radio 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
EJI's lynching memorial: If not Montgomery, where?
National Memorial for Peace and Justice and the Legacy Museum opens April 26th
race  history  sociology 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Wilmette approves 16-unit affordable housing plan for old American Legion site - Wilmette Life
Village President Bob Bielinski told the audience that the benefits of having affordable housing in town outweighed any plan shortcomings.

“This is workforce housing,” he said. “Frankly I think this is a truly unique opportunity, and I will support it.”

Cleland Place supporters, many of whom wore stickers prominently displaying “YIMBY” for “yes in my back yard,” said the project would bring needed diversity to Wilmette housing stock, and would allow people such as preschool teachers, pharmacy technicians, waiters, retail salespeople and childcare workers to live in the town in which they worked.

“Over the years, I’ve heard the same arguments each time some type of affordable housing was proposed,” said Prairie Avenue resident Judy Goode, a former village Plan Commission member. “I think it’s time for us to mature as a village. We’re ready for this.”

Opponents repeated concerns that the project was too dense for the lot it will rise on, would add to traffic congestion at the nearby Wilmette Avenue-Ridge Road intersection and would lower nearby property values.
2018  housing  sociology  Media 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Having Your Smartphone Nearby Takes a Toll on Your Thinking (Even When It’s Silent and Facedown)
[I]ndividuals who completed these tasks while their phones were in another room performed the best, followed by those who left their phones in their pockets. In last place were those whose phones were on their desks. We saw similar results when participants’ phones were turned off: people performed worst when their phones were nearby, and best when they were away in a separate room. Thus, merely having their smartphones out on the desk led to a small but statistically significant impairment of individuals’ cognitive capacity — on par with effects of lacking sleep.

Beyond these cognitive and health-related consequences, smartphones may impair our social functioning: having your smartphone out can distract you during social experiences and make them less enjoyable.
shallows  Technology  phone  Social  Psychology  sociology 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Does “Early Education” Come Way Too Late? (Rebroadcast) - Freakonomics Freakonomics
The gist: in our collective zeal to reform schools and close the achievement gap, we may have lost sight of where most learning really happens — at home.

Thirty Million Words Initiative
sociology  education  mcp  inequalities  class  radio  children  brain 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Got Your ACE Score?
10 questions plus score key and graphs and charts
children  sociology  prisons  class  Health  design 
march 2018 by oripsolob
Listening To Broward County's Silenced Students | HuffPost
The process of removing students of color from school for minor classroom disturbances is called the school-to-prison pipeline. Expelled or pushed into juvenile detention centers and jail cells, these young people often have their lives derailed by harsh disciplinary measures.

While Black students made up only 40 percent of district enrollment, they comprised almost 70 percent of out-of-school suspensions. Black students were three times more likely to experience out-of-school suspensions than their White counterparts.
prisons  sociology  ferguson 
february 2018 by oripsolob
Exclusive: Trump privately talks up executing all big drug dealers - Axios
He often jokes about killing drug dealers... He’ll say, 'You know the Chinese and Filipinos don’t have a drug problem. They just kill them.'
— A senior administration official to Axios
War  constitution  prisons  sociology 
february 2018 by oripsolob
Ways of Thinking...: Gun Safety and Mass School Shootings
Keep in mind that schools are still very safe places to be.  And, we are living at one of the safest times in American history.  Below are some graphs showing longitudinal levels of school violence from the National Center for Education Statistics.  So, take solace in the knowledge that schools are safer than ever.  I think this data lends itself to the conclusion that we do not need armed guards in schools.
sociology  education  constitution 
february 2018 by oripsolob
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