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The State of Justice Reform 2017
Look at:

"Reformers Look to Jails as a Key to Ending Mass Incarceration"

Recently, attention to the problem of mass incarceration in the United States has broadened beyond a concentration on state and federal prisons to include local jails. Unlike prisons, which hold those who have been convicted of crimes, jails primarily hold individuals awaiting trial (called the “pretrial” population) or serving short sentences (typically less than one year).
prisons  sociology 
3 days ago by oripsolob
Are You Middle Class? This Calculator Claims to Tell You - The New York Times
“Our determination of whether or not you’re in the middle class is based on income alone,” said Rakesh Kochhar, a senior researcher at Pew.
class  sociology  Money 
11 days ago by oripsolob
Are you in the U.S. middle class? Try our income calculator | Pew Research Center
Decent in terms of norming for geographical region, but focuses too much on income as a factor
class  Money  sociology  education 
12 days ago by oripsolob
Race, Discipline, and Safety at U.S. Public Schools | American Civil Liberties Union
The new data shows that students of color make up the majority of public school students. When federal data was first collected in 1968, over 80 percent of public school students were white. Because of changing demographics, white students now constitute just 49 percent of American school children. As the federal government considers further cuts to education funding, it should recognize that the harm will now fall in greater measure on communities of color, which have historically been underserved by school systems.
prisons  education  sociology  race 
20 days ago by oripsolob
The hidden racism of school discipline, in 7 charts - Vox
Starting even before kindergarten, black students are more likely to be suspended or expelled. They're more likely to be referred to law enforcement or even arrested. And even when they're breaking the same rules, studies have found black students are punished more often and more harshly than their white peers.

7 charts / 3 students per chart?
race  inequalities  sociology  education  prisons  lesson 
21 days ago by oripsolob
New Trier High School Summary of Selected Facts;
Look at racial demographics then click "Discipline Report" on right hand side. Compare the racial makeup of school ("Enrollement") to the percentages of students given severe disciplinary consequences (eg., suspensions).

NTHS: Black = 0.6% of students, but 6.3% and 7.5% of (in- and out-of-school) suspensions, respectively. Do the math then read this: https://www.vox.com/2015/10/31/9646504/discipline-race-charts
education  sociology  race  inequalities  newtrier  lesson  prisons 
21 days ago by oripsolob
The Politics of the Professoriat: Political diversity on campus | CBC Radio
"We've created a hostile climate for people who don't fit in intellectually. We've marginalized them. We've made it clear they don't belong; they're not welcome. And then the really smart ones among them don't apply! And what we're left with is a politically homogeneous field of inquiry, which therefore has problems studying anything that is politically valenced."
– Jonathan Haidt

Why does a "political monoculture" hurt social science research?

ophobophobia = fear of being branded Islamophobic, homophobic, etc. For example, to address poverty/inequality, three factors are critical in why certain groups or individuals do better than others:

1) Whether parents are married (even if you're poor)
2) Subculture that emphasizes importance of education and/or delayed gratification
3) IQ

But though these are the most important determinants, we have not made progress in research, because of ophobophobia: "no one dares address these major factors"; instead, more focus on structural racism, etc. And this issue of poverty/inequality must be solved. But ophobophobia rules out 90% of the causal factors.

"Students and professors know, he adds, that 'if you step out of line at all, you will be called a racist, sexist or homophobe. In fact it’s gotten so bad out there that there’s a new term—‘ophobophobia,’ which is the fear of being called x-ophobic."

"Human beings are tribal creatures. We evolved for small religions....We're really good at making something sacred and trusting each other....You can see this easily with fundamentalist Xians. Some of the them will deny evolution -- seems silly from the outside. You can see the same thing on college campuses. The causes of college campuses are laudable, but we should pursue them practically, pragmatically, and rationally. But "when we make them into a religion, that's when we activate all of our 'religious software', which is a set of mental concepts that include blasphemy, heresy, burning at the stake, witch hunts. The basic language is one of sin, and blasphemy, and punishment. No one speaks up for anyone because then they'll be called a witch.

But there is NO ROLE for religion in the classroom in intellectual matters. There we need communities in which NOTHING is sacred. Now there so much that is sacred on campus, can't be said."

The Religion of Social Justice. Justice is a good thing, but when Social Justice becomes a religion...

IGen believes in the concept that "words are violence".
politics  Podcast  sociology  education  race  inequalities  religion  Speech 
22 days ago by oripsolob
Five Questions with the team behind THE AREA – Gene Siskel Film Center – Medium
"Thinking about The Area as an example, during testimony in City Hall, an activist noted that the development proposals for “the area” (the targeted property, bounded on the north and south by Garfield Boulevard and on the east and west by Steward Avenue and Wallace Street) identified it as blighted, but the proposals didn’t acknowledge how and *why* it came to be that way. The official documents didn’t explain what the train company and city set into motion years before."

"It clarifies how international economic dynamics combined with structural disadvantage and racism produce the problems that plague the city."

"And the longer we worked on the project, the more my reactions weren’t just that shock of change, but also the erasure of memories."

"I hope each person who sees The Area can reflect in their own way on the communities that made and shaped their own lives, and that they can consider the ways American society did or didn’t allow those communities to thrive, or even to exist."
sociology  Corporation  chicago  Video  inequalities  race  Movie 
4 weeks ago by oripsolob
YAMOTFABAATA - Gnomic Book
You Are Masters Of The Fish And Birds And All The Animals
Books  photography  gender  sociology 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
Robin Dunbar: Is There A Limit To How Many Friends We Can Have? : NPR
Anthropologist Robin Dunbar believes the evolutionary structure of social networks limits us to 150 meaningful relationships at a time — even with the rise of social media
sociology  Video  Psychology  Social  Media 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
Bryan Stevenson and the Legacy of Lynching | The New Yorker
Jordan Steiker, the professor who convened the meeting, told me, “In one sense, the death penalty is clearly a substitute for lynching. One of the main justifications for the use of the death penalty, especially in the South, was that it served to avoid lynching. The number of people executed rises tremendously at the end of the lynching era. And there’s still incredible overlap between places that had lynching and places that continue to use the death penalty.” Drawing on the work of such noted legal scholars as David Garland and Franklin Zimring, Steiker and his sister Carol, a professor at Harvard Law School, have written a forthcoming book, “Courting Death: The Supreme Court and Capital Punishment,” which explores the links between lynching and state-sponsored executions.
history  race  inequalities  sociology 
june 2018 by oripsolob
Feminist Frequency — Critical Commons
A collection of clips from Anita Sarkeesian analyzing the gender politics of commercial television
tv  gender  sociology 
may 2018 by oripsolob
areyoureadytotalk | SPARQTools
Starting conversations about race, etc
race  sociology  mcp 
may 2018 by oripsolob
The US fertility rate just hit a historic low - Vox
It’s not yet clear exactly what’s driving the trend, and the CDC authors don’t offer any guesses. Some, like the economist Lyman Stone, have suggested America’s “historic collapse in childbearing” is being driven by the fact that society isn’t organized to support women having all the babies they’d like to. Others have blamed the economy.

Whatever the cause, the Hill authors warned a low birthrate is another contributor to the “aging society” in the US — where the proportion of the population over 65 is greater than the proportion under age 15 — and that the effects of the low birthrate “will reverberate for years to come.”

But there are also two pieces of good news embedded in the data, especially for women. It turns out the decline in fertility is largely being driven by a dramatic drop in teen births and women joining the workforce. Second, America is simply looking more like its economic peers when it comes to the fertility rate — and that can be partially explained by the drop in unintended pregnancies.
sociology  gender  women  children  history 
may 2018 by oripsolob
The Myth of Meritocracy | On The Media | WNYC Studios
6:37
Martin Luther King, 1968, National Cathedral speech / relates to The Color of Law and westward expansion and federal subsidies

"It's all right to tell a a man to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps', but it is a cruel jest to say to a bootless man, that he ought to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps'..."

References study of differences in resume callbacks based on (black vs white) names

Rich are more likely to say that "hard work" matters more.
radio  NPR  inequalities  Podcast  sociology  race  class  mythology  prisons  Money  story 
may 2018 by oripsolob
This Is America | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Today, more than 45 million Americans live in poverty. The problem has been addressed countless times since the nation’s founding, but it persists, and for the poorest among us, it gets worse. America has not been able to find its way to a sustainable solution, because most of its citizens see the problem of poverty from a distance, through a distorted lens. So in 2016, we presented "Busted: America's Poverty Myths," a series exploring how our understanding of poverty is shaped not by facts, but by private presumptions, media narratives, and the tales of the American Dream. This week we're revisiting part of that series.

1. Matthew Desmond [@just_shelter], author of on the myriad factors that perpetuate wealth inequality and Jack Frech [@FrechJack], former Athens County Ohio Welfare Director, on how the media's short attention span for covering inequality stymies our discourse around poverty. Listen.

2. Jill Lepore, historian and staff writer for the New Yorker, on the long history of America's beloved "rags to riches" narrative and Natasha Boyer, a Ohio woman whose eviction was initially prevented thanks to a generous surprise from strangers, on the reality of living in poverty and the limitations of "random acts of kindness." Listen.

3. Brooke considers the myth of meritocracy and how it obscures the reality: that one's economic success is more due to luck than motivation. Listen.
class  race  inequalities  Podcast  NPR  sociology  mythology  history 
may 2018 by oripsolob
The Blunder Years
Molly Ringwald revisits the Breakfast Club with her daughter. Start at 38:16 for a 16 minute clip.
sociology  movies  gender  inequalities  radio 
may 2018 by oripsolob
EJI's lynching memorial: If not Montgomery, where?
National Memorial for Peace and Justice and the Legacy Museum opens April 26th
race  history  sociology 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Wilmette approves 16-unit affordable housing plan for old American Legion site - Wilmette Life
Village President Bob Bielinski told the audience that the benefits of having affordable housing in town outweighed any plan shortcomings.

“This is workforce housing,” he said. “Frankly I think this is a truly unique opportunity, and I will support it.”

Cleland Place supporters, many of whom wore stickers prominently displaying “YIMBY” for “yes in my back yard,” said the project would bring needed diversity to Wilmette housing stock, and would allow people such as preschool teachers, pharmacy technicians, waiters, retail salespeople and childcare workers to live in the town in which they worked.

“Over the years, I’ve heard the same arguments each time some type of affordable housing was proposed,” said Prairie Avenue resident Judy Goode, a former village Plan Commission member. “I think it’s time for us to mature as a village. We’re ready for this.”

Opponents repeated concerns that the project was too dense for the lot it will rise on, would add to traffic congestion at the nearby Wilmette Avenue-Ridge Road intersection and would lower nearby property values.
2018  housing  sociology  Media 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Having Your Smartphone Nearby Takes a Toll on Your Thinking (Even When It’s Silent and Facedown)
[I]ndividuals who completed these tasks while their phones were in another room performed the best, followed by those who left their phones in their pockets. In last place were those whose phones were on their desks. We saw similar results when participants’ phones were turned off: people performed worst when their phones were nearby, and best when they were away in a separate room. Thus, merely having their smartphones out on the desk led to a small but statistically significant impairment of individuals’ cognitive capacity — on par with effects of lacking sleep.

Beyond these cognitive and health-related consequences, smartphones may impair our social functioning: having your smartphone out can distract you during social experiences and make them less enjoyable.
shallows  Technology  phone  Social  Psychology  sociology 
march 2018 by oripsolob
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