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Why we still need John Berger’s Ways of Seeing | Dazed
But it’s Berger’s discussion of how we look at women which resonates most strongly in our current image-obsessed society. Today, the idea of the male gaze may seem well established, and Berger and his all-male team didn’t claim to invent the concept which would later be christened by film critic Laura Mulvey.
gender  women  sociology  inequalities  Video  tv  advertising 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
The internet isn’t why Trump won, Stanford and Brown study finds.
Trump performed worse than previous Republican candidates among internet users and people who got campaign news online, the authors find in a paper published July 18 in the journal PLOS One. And he outperformed his predecessors among the demographic groups least likely to be online. In other words, Mitt Romney and John McCain got more support from internet users than Trump did.

The paper, from Stanford economists Levi Boxell and Matthew Gentzkow and Brown economist Jesse Shapiro, adds to a growing body of research indicating that the internet’s effects on U.S. political opinion may be overstated. The same authors found in 2017 that the country’s polarization has been most intense among the oldest Americans, who also spend the least time online. Cable news has been a more significant driver of partisan divisions, research suggests. In November 2016, just weeks after Trump’s election, media studies professors Keith Hampton and Eszter Hargittai made a persuasive case in the Hill that Trump’s win wasn’t Facebook’s fault. Hampton and Hargittai pointed out that research shows Facebook users are more likely to be connected to different kinds of people, while disconnection from the internet is broadly associated with social isolation and intolerance. Trump voters were also far less likely to use Twitter or Reddit than Clinton voters, they noted.

***Still, the authors were careful to acknowledge that more research is needed. The conclusion that “the internet was not a source of advantage to Trump,” they explain, relies on a series of three assumptions, each of which could be called into question.

If any media platform is to blame, it is not the web. It is more likely television, which is a more important source of political information. Growing polarization may also result from structural economic changes, like rising inequality, that have occurred in recent decades.
Social  Media  politics  literacy  election  mythology  tv 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Feminist Frequency — Critical Commons
A collection of clips from Anita Sarkeesian analyzing the gender politics of commercial television
tv  gender  sociology 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Are you really Facebook’s product? The history of a dangerous idea.
But even that isn’t where the story begins, because “you are the product” had been deployed to criticize media decades long before “social” entered the equation. Whether or not blue_beetle knew it, a version of the quote predates not just Facebook and Digg but the entire modern consumer internet. The invaluable online resource Quote Investigator traces it all the way back to 1973, and an unlikely source: a short film by the artists Carlota Fay Schoolman and Richard Serra called “Television Delivers People.”
This was not a novel idea even then: You can hear in “Television Delivers People” echoes of Gil Scott-Heron’s 1970 protest anthem, “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised.” These works aimed to expose broadcast television as a corporate-sponsored force for homogeneity and conformity, an obstacle to social or political change.

In this respect, Facebook is nearly TV’s opposite. The social network stands accused of unduly amplifying, not crushing, divisive views—of polarizing rather than homogenizing us.

There are at least two alternative ways of viewing our relationship to Facebook that hold more promise for making that relationship a healthier and less exploitive one. The first is to view ourselves as customers of Facebook, paying with our time, attention, and data instead of with money. This implies greater responsibility on both sides. If we understood that Facebook and other “free” online services exact real costs to things we value, we might use them more sparingly and judiciously.

The second is to view ourselves as part of Facebook’s labor force. Just as bees labor unwittingly on beekeepers’ behalf, our posts and status updates continually enrich Facebook. But we’re humans, not bees, and as such we have the capacity to collectively demand better treatment.

How about this, then, as an (admittedly ungainly) alternative to that overused maxim: “If you aren’t paying for it with money, you’re paying for it in other ways.”
advertising  Media  Social  Corporation  Video  art  tv  politics 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Deep Space Nine’s Revolutionary Look at Black Fatherhood
The crux of this is the pervasive mythology surrounding the “missing black father.” At his feet has been laid the blame for poverty, mass incarceration, police brutality, and any number of ills, rather than the real culprit — the systemic, institutionalized racism that defines so much of American life. Despite statistics and studies that contradict this mythology, this archetype continues to cast a shadow on the black community. It’s because of this that the representation of the black father in television holds so much weight.
race  tv  sociology 
january 2018 by oripsolob
Fandom: A Passion For Soap Operas Kept One Prisoner Out Of Trouble : NPR
Chris Scott spent 13 years in prison for a murder he didn't commit.

Before his time in jail, he led a quiet, domestic life with his two sons and his girlfriend.

Then his life became a nightmare. Scott constantly worried for his safety. He learned to cope in prison, but he knew he had to stay out of trouble, because if his innocence was proved, he wanted to be able to walk free.
prisons  sociology  culture  tv  story 
november 2017 by oripsolob
Don't Give HBO's 'Confederate' the Benefit of the Doubt - The Atlantic
Skepticism must be the order of the day. So that when Benioff asks “what would the world have looked like … if the South had won,” we should not hesitate to ask what Benioff means by “the South.” He obviously does not mean the minority of white Southern unionists, who did win. And he does not mean those four million enslaved blacks, whom the Civil War ultimately emancipated, yet whose victory was tainted. Comprising 40 percent of the Confederacy’s population, this was the South’s indispensable laboring class, its chief resource, its chief source of wealth, and the sole reason why a Confederacy existed in the first place. But they are not the subject of Benioff’s inquiry, because he is not so much asking about “the South” winning, so much as he is asking about “the white South” winning.

Knowing this, we do not have to wait to point out that comparisons between Confederate and The Man in the High Castle are fatuous. Nazi Germany was also defeated. But while its surviving leadership was put on trial before the world, not one author of the Confederacy was convicted of treason. Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop was hanged at Nuremberg. Confederate General John B. Gordon became a senator. Germany has spent the decades since World War II in national penance for Nazi crimes. America spent the decades after the Civil War transforming Confederate crimes into virtues. It is illegal to fly the Nazi flag in Germany. The Confederate flag is enmeshed in the state flag of Mississippi.

The symbols point to something Confederate’s creators don’t seem to understand—the war is over for them, not for us. At this very hour, black people all across the South are still fighting the battle which they joined during Reconstruction—securing equal access to the ballot—and resisting a president whose resemblance to Andrew Johnson is uncanny.
history  tv  race  inequalities 
august 2017 by oripsolob
NYTimes: 2 Asian-American Actors Leave ‘Hawaii Five-0’ Amid Reports of Unequal Pay
Daniel Dae Kim and Grace Park were unable to agree to new contracts with CBS. “The path to equality is rarely easy,” Mr. Kim wrote on Facebook.
tv  tokenism  race  inequalities  sociology 
july 2017 by oripsolob
Viola Davis & Hollywood’s Racial Structure | Sociology In Focus
For instance, in 1968 Diahann Carroll became the first African American female lead of a network television show. However, that feat wasn’t repeated until 2012 when Scandal premiered with Kerry Washington in the lead.
tv  tokenism  inequalities  education  money 
october 2015 by oripsolob
The Rules of Speaking Russian on The Americans -- Vulture
It’s not a show that’s meant to be watched while you’re doing the dishes or balancing your checkbook. It does require some focus.
tv  language 
march 2015 by oripsolob
Race in Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt: How critics are missing the point.
Similarly, Dong would’ve been groundbreaking 10 years ago, maybe even five years ago. But in a post-Selfie, post-Fresh Off the Boat world I just don’t care about him. Kimmy’s landlady Lillian gets a great line about how white women “swimming upstream” against negative stereotypes about Asian men can “clean up,” but Dong is, from top to bottom, a stereotype. He’s positively portrayed, but everything about that positive portrayal is straight-up model minority stuff—hardworking, smart, earnestly naive about sex and romance, unimpeachably innocent and well-intentioned.
tv  tokenism  race 
march 2015 by oripsolob
Dilshad Vadsaria - IMDb
In the CW show, "Greek". Ensemble show.
tokenism  tv  race 
march 2013 by oripsolob
It's still pretty pale at the top
NBC's spy drama, Undercovers, starring two African-American leads, was canceled in the Fall of 2010
tokenism  tv  race 
january 2013 by oripsolob
‘Real Husbands of Hollywood’ and Lack of Black Male Leads -
“Real Husbands” purports to be a gender-flipped satire of reality-TV new-money battles royale, the sort that feature would-be socialites. But it’s actually a far more subtle commentary on the death of the black male romantic lead, a reminder of the limited options for black actors on television.

At different points each of these actors has been a leading man in television or film. Mr. Kodjoe, a former model, was a star of the TV series “Soul Food” and of the short-lived “Undercovers,” a rare network show with a black couple in the lead. Mr. Martin was a star of the sitcom “All of Us.” Mr. Cannon was the star of the film “Drumline” and of several TV shows for young people.

Those days are gone. The age of black sitcoms and dramas is largely over, replaced instead with token diversity. While that may mean high times for black character actors, traditional leading men are getting the short end of the stick.
inequalities  tokenism  tv  race 
january 2013 by oripsolob
'The Walking Dead,' Like All Zombie Stories: ... Not About Zombies at All
Oscar (the new noble -- and obviously expendable -- black character, who has conveniently replaced the previous noble black character, the now-eaten T-Dog)
race  tokenism  tv 
november 2012 by oripsolob
With 'Scandal,' ABC Targets Black Female Viewers : NPR
But television still hasn't found much room for showcasing black women in starring roles outside comedy, until now.
tokenism  tv  race 
april 2012 by oripsolob
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