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Female slaveholders profited as much as men, according to a new book.
Married women, who under the legal doctrine of coverture were not commonly allowed to hold property once they had husbands, petitioned courts to gain economic rights to the enslaved people they had owned before marriage—and judges often agreed with their pleas.

The stories from WPA narratives show that from the perspective of the enslaved, female slaveholders weren’t much different from their male counterparts. Many of them were just as physically cruel as men, and they didn’t hesitate to make decisions to “sell away” enslaved people or their relatives. Stories of women who whipped enslaved people with nettleweed or fed enslaved children spoiled meat, and an entire heartbreaking chapter about the practice of separating enslaved women from their infants so that they could act as wet nurses for their mistresses’ offspring, make it clear that Southern women who owned people weren’t kind “mothers” making the best of a bad situation. “If we look carefully at slave-owning women’s management styles, we find that these differed little from those used by slaveholding men—and they rarely treated enslaved people as their children,” Jones-Rogers writes.
women  history  race  inequalities 
9 weeks ago by oripsolob
Smart Justice: An Animated Series on Vimeo
Three short videos: 1) Life w/o parole, 2) Life after incarceration, and 3) Bail
prisons  race  women  gender  inequalities  videos 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
Submit a comment — Hands Off IX
Could this be used even after the public comment period has expired? Could it be used for both sides of the debate?
women  gender  sociology 
12 weeks ago by oripsolob
Title IX Public Comment Period Set To End : NPR
CIVIC ENGAGEMENT?

The Department of Education has been inundated with approximately 100,000 public comments on its proposed new rules for how campuses handle cases of sexual assault. Secretary Betsy DeVos opened the public comment period two months ago, after unveiling her plan to replace Obama-era rules with regulations that, she says, would better protect the accused. The window for comments closes Wednesday at midnight.

Many who have weighed in praise the new rules for "restoring sanity" and fairness to the process but many more are critical.
gender  women  sociology  NPR 
12 weeks ago by oripsolob
Inside the Organizations That Support Accused Campus Rapists - Glamour
Nice nuance on the issue of "false accusations":

"False rape accusation is a hot-button topic. We don’t know the exact percentage of rape allegations that are false–many feminists claim it’s 2 percent, though this is likely a low estimate, as it’s based on a study that counts only cases where the accusation is provably false. On the other end of the spectrum, True from Save Our Sons cites a statistic that one in three students found guilty of sexual misconduct through Title IX hearings are in fact innocent—a statistic that comes from a UCLA study that focused on mathematical probability of false accusations without analyzing actual cases.

“Based on the large number of emails I receive, I have a sense that false accusations are common among ex-girlfriends for various reasons, but usually out of revenge or jealously,” says True. “And also, college girls accuse either gender when they want a political advantage, like a limited graduate school slot, or an RA position.”

Men’s rights activists often cite a statistic that 41 percent of rape allegations are false, but this can’t be verified. Nor can much frequently cited data on sexual violence. There are too many complicated issues at play, such as true victims recanting because of external pressure or cases being dropped for lack of evidence."
gender  women  sociology 
12 weeks ago by oripsolob
Why we still need John Berger’s Ways of Seeing | Dazed
But it’s Berger’s discussion of how we look at women which resonates most strongly in our current image-obsessed society. Today, the idea of the male gaze may seem well established, and Berger and his all-male team didn’t claim to invent the concept which would later be christened by film critic Laura Mulvey.
gender  women  sociology  inequalities  Video  tv  advertising 
january 2019 by oripsolob
Exclusive: we re-ran polls from 1991 on Anita Hill, this time on Christine Blasey Ford - Vox
The answer might seem obvious, but some of Kavanaugh’s defenders have argued that he should be confirmed — even if guilty. The understandably pseudonymous Federalist contributor Soren Midgley has argued that “what we know about Kavanaugh’s record for the last 30 years of his life tells us the realized negative consequences would be minimal if he were actually guilty.” Washington Post columnist Megan McArdle has gone further, stating, “I would be cool with a teen murderer getting a lifetime appointment to the Supreme Court.”

Americans at large took a different stand in October 1991, and take a mostly identical one today. In both cases, a minority of 31-33 percent say that the allegations, if true, shouldn’t disqualify Thomas/Kavanaugh from the court, while 67-69 percent argue they should.

It’s easy, especially in the wake of the Harvey Weinstein revelations and #MeToo, to assume that the American public takes allegations of sexual harassment and assault more seriously than it did decades ago. And some parts of our survey confirm that, especially the findings that American voters think less of Trump and of senators who support Kavanaugh.

But in the crucial matter of whether a true accusation of sexual assault is important enough to derail a nomination, things haven’t changed much since 1991.

In part because of the demographic makeup of the parties, there are significant gaps based on age, race, and church attendance as well. Eighty-four percent of black respondents and 75 percent of Hispanic respondents say a true allegation is enough to reject, compared to 66 percent of whites. 78 percent of people between 18 and 30 said a true allegation would be enough, compared to 63 percent of people 66 or older.
politics  gender  women  inequalities  history  sociology 
october 2018 by oripsolob
Why Laura Bush speaking up on separating families matters so much - The Washington Post
Some leading women writers deployed this strategy in the decade before the Civil War. In their efforts to end slavery, abolitionists in the 1850s described children being ripped apart from their mothers, an act so immoral that it moved previously disengaged people to take a stand against slavery.
women  history 
june 2018 by oripsolob
The US fertility rate just hit a historic low - Vox
It’s not yet clear exactly what’s driving the trend, and the CDC authors don’t offer any guesses. Some, like the economist Lyman Stone, have suggested America’s “historic collapse in childbearing” is being driven by the fact that society isn’t organized to support women having all the babies they’d like to. Others have blamed the economy.

Whatever the cause, the Hill authors warned a low birthrate is another contributor to the “aging society” in the US — where the proportion of the population over 65 is greater than the proportion under age 15 — and that the effects of the low birthrate “will reverberate for years to come.”

But there are also two pieces of good news embedded in the data, especially for women. It turns out the decline in fertility is largely being driven by a dramatic drop in teen births and women joining the workforce. Second, America is simply looking more like its economic peers when it comes to the fertility rate — and that can be partially explained by the drop in unintended pregnancies.
sociology  gender  women  children  history 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Brochure - Equal Pay Act and Ledbetter Act
On January 29, 2009, President Obama signed the first piece of legislation of his Administration: the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 ("Act"). This law overturned the Supreme Court's decision in Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc., 550 U.S. 618 (2007), which severely restricted the time period for filing complaints of employment discrimination concerning compensation.

The Act states the EEOC's longstanding position that each paycheck that contains discriminatory compensation is a separate violation regardless of when the discrimination began. The Ledbetter Act recognizes the "reality of wage discrimination" and restores "bedrock principles of American law." Particularly important for the victims of discrimination, the Act contains an explicit retroactivity provision.

People challenging a wide variety of practices that resulted in discriminatory compensation can benefit from the Act's passage. These practices may include employer decisions about base pay or wages, job classifications, career ladder or other noncompetitive promotion denials, tenure denials, and failure to respond to requests for raises.

Differences in pay that occur because of sex violate the EPA and/or Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In addition, compensation differences based on race, color, religion, national origin, age, disability, genetic information, and/or retaliation also violate laws enforced by EEOC.
women  Money  inequalities  history 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Know Your Rights: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: AAUW
Despite Title VII’s passage half a century ago, gender and race discrimination in the workplace is still a serious problem.
women  history  inequalities 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Overview Of Title IX Of The Education Amendments Of 1972, 20 U.S.C. A§ 1681 Et. Seq. | CRT | Department of Justice
Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The principal objective of Title IX is to avoid the use of federal money to support sex discrimination in education programs and to provide individual citizens effective protection against those practices.
women  inequalities 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Powers of Persuasion | National Archives
Part 1: Patriotic Pride (Man the Guns!

It's a Women's War Too!
United We Win
Use it Up, Wear it Out
Four Freedoms


Part 2: Staying Vigilant

Warning!
This is Nazi Brutality
He's Watching You
Meaning of Sacrifice
Stamp 'Em Out
images  WWII  War  history  women  race 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Slavery and Indentured Servants:Law Library of Congress
Virginia was one of the first states to acknowledge slavery in its laws, initially enacting such a law in 1661. The following year, Virginia passed two laws that pertained solely to women who were slaves or indentured servants and to their illegitimate children. Women servants who produced children by their masters could be punished by having to do two years of servitude with the churchwardens after the expiration of the term with their masters.
race  history  inequalities  women 
january 2018 by oripsolob
Women’s Lives, Cut Short by the Men They Knew - The New York Times
Americans have long struggled to find common ground in the gun debate. Even after a spate of horrific mass shootings this year, Republican legislators consistently rebuffed efforts to improve gun safety laws.

If common ground does exist, it might be found here: in reducing the number of homicides each year that begin with domestic abuse. Congress attempted to address domestic violence involving guns over two decades ago with the Lautenberg Amendment. That law prohibits people from owning or purchasing guns if they have been convicted of assaulting a spouse or child, or if they are under a permanent protective order.
women  inequalities  sociology  design 
december 2017 by oripsolob
Americans see different expectations for men and women | Pew Research Center
The public has very different views about what society values most in men and what it values in women. While many say that society values honesty, morality and professional success in men, the top qualities for women are physical attractiveness and being nurturing and empathetic.
gender  inequalities  women  sociology 
december 2017 by oripsolob
Special Requests | Chicago Books to Women in Prison
You can drop off your books 2-5 p.m. any Sunday

4511 N. Hermitage Ave.
(Hermitage and Sunnyside)
Only two blocks from the Montrose Brown Line stop and plenty of free street parking

To mail books, please send them by USPS (Media Mail)

Chicago Books to Women in Prison
c/o RFUMC
4511 N. Hermitage Ave.
Chicago, IL 60640
books  sociology  prisons  women 
february 2017 by oripsolob
Donations | Chicago Books to Women in Prison
Exhaustive list of the types of books needed (and not needed)
books  prisons  women  education  sociology 
february 2017 by oripsolob
Why women are still voting for Trump, despite his misogyny - Vox
Stephanie Coontz: "I was very struck by the female supporter who said Trump is like the bully you want to beat up on the other bully. There is longstanding social science evidence that people with fewer resources, educational or economic, tend to look heroes — or villains even— to stand up for them. Somebody they think has some kind of power that they don’t have.

The exception is when you have a union. The one time that you don’t see that in action, at least so much, is when an area is unionized. Then, because workers have some kind of collective power, they’re not so likely to turn toward some authoritarian demagogue. They can actually imagine going up against the boss in their own collective power rather than finding somebody else to go up against the boss or someone else to throw under the wheels of the bus."
women  class  corporation  labor  inequalities  race  fb 
october 2016 by oripsolob
Interview: Rebecca Traister, Author Of 'All The Single Ladies' : NPR
One of the most startling statistics is that today only 20 percent of Americans aged 18 to 29 are married, and that compares to 60 percent in 1960. The other figure that I find very startling, in part because it was so resilient for so long, is the median age of first marriage for women. From the time they started recording it — which was 1890 — until 1980, that median age of first marriage for women fluctuated only between 20 and 22. ... In 1990 it jumped to over 23, which is a huge jump from having been in that small range for so long. Today, for women, it is over 27. So if you're just looking at the sort of historical picture, there's this relatively flat line for almost 100 years and now there's not just a jump over that line, but way over that line.
npr  women  inequalities  marriage  sociology  gender 
march 2016 by oripsolob
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