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Amid concerns, OneWeb gets vague about constellation’s cost - SpaceNews.com
Jeff Foust's summary: "Speaking at World Satellite Business Week, Eric Béranger, president and COO of OneWeb, would no longer affirm that the company's satellites would cost $500,000 each, instead saying the satellites would cost less than $1 million. Other analysts project the satellites to cost $700,000 to $900,000 each once large-scale production gets underway. OneWeb, meanwhile, has assigned the CEO role that Béranger prevuously had to Adrian Steckel, making Steckel OneWeb's fourth CEO is as many years. "

"OneWeb in 2015 set the goal of building 900 satellites for $500,000 each or less, with the total estimated cost of building, launching and operating the constellation at $3.5 billion. ... Asked by SpaceNews if the satellites could still come in under $500,000 each, Béranger said only that they were now “below $1 million” per unit. Industry analysts who follow OneWeb said as recently as August that OneWeb is looking at roughly $700,000 to $900,000 per satellite"

"OneWeb has raised $1.7 billion in equity since 2015, with Japanese tech giant SoftBank providing $1 billion of that total."
SpaceNews  OneWeb  satellite  NGSO  business  investing 
september 2018
The brain’s default mode network – what does it mean to us? Mar 2015
Marcus Raichle interviewed by Svend Davanger

"The default mode network is comprised of several areas of the cortex that are most active when no external tasks demand our attention"

"It was really surprising that, after the demanding tasks were completed, activity in these areas of the cortex increased again. The brain seemed to revert back to a default activity level, which is there in the absence of a specific, ongoing, external task"

"Many of the functions of the network are associated with our perception of our selves."

"It’s not only important to remember what’s important, but also to put a value on what’s important. The part of the default mode network up front, down almost between your eyes, just above your nose, has to do with deciding whether something is good, bad, or indifferent."

"Dreaming is mind-wandering disconnected. Why do we dream? Although there is no clear scientific answer, we cannot claim that dreams are just an inconvenience."

“To summarize the function of the three networks: the attention network makes it possible for us to relate directly to the world around us, i.e., here and now, and the default mode network makes it possible to relate to ourselves and our memories and previous experiences, i.e., the past and future. The salience network makes us switch between the two others according to our needs.”
neuroscience  default-mode-network  meditation  dreams  interviews 
september 2018
Kepler, Phasor test flat panel antenna with LEO cubesat - SpaceNews.com Sep 2018
"Startups Kepler Communications and Phasor said Sept. 10 that they successfully demonstrated a link between Kepler’s cubesat and a Phasor flat panel antenna."

The test, according to the companies, “represents the first example of a wideband [low-Earth orbit] satellite to have been auto-acquired, auto-tracked, and communicated with, by a commercial flat panel, electronically-steerable antenna.”

"the tests show the company should be able to achieve a 10 Mbps downlink, 10 Mbps uplink connection with a 30-square-centimeter Phasor antenna."
SpaceNews  Kepler  Phasor  satellite  NGSO  antennas  LEO 
september 2018
Dreaming and the Default Mode Network: Some Psychoanalytic Notes: Contemporary Psychoanalysis: Vol 49, No 2
Abstract

This article makes a brief contribution to the ongoing dialogue on dreams between neuroscience and psychoanalysis by linking several converging lines of evidence. Recent evidence indicates that the default mode network (DMN), a highly interconnected set of “hubs” in the brain, is active during sleep. In addition, activity in the DMN is strongly associated with mental imagery that is not directly tied to current perception (“stimulus-independent thought”), which is also a central feature of dreams. Finally, the elimination of dreams is correlated with lesions in areas that have a high degree of overlap with two regions of the DMN, the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the temporo-occipital junction. Given that the vmPFC is a key node in brain circuitry regulating motivation, these converging lines of evidence support the basic psychoanalytic idea that dreams arise from wishful impulses and other emotional motivations.
dreams  psychotherapy  neuroscience 
september 2018
The Path of Robotics Law by Jack M. Balkin :: SSRN May 2015
Via Blake Reid

"Lawrence Lessig's famous dictum that "Code is Law" argued that combinations of computer hardware and software, like other modalities of regulation, could constrain and direct human behavior. Robotics and AI present the converse problem. Instead of code as a law that regulates humans, robotics and AI feature emergent behavior that escapes human planning and expectations. Code is lawless. "
robotics  AI  law  cyberlaw 
september 2018
Editor’s Corner—3 reasons why Verizon’s big 5G launch is decidedly underwhelming | FierceWireless
"After years of discussing its 5G plans, and months of buildup and hype, Verizon finally took the wraps off of its first 5G commercial launch. And the results are uninspiring, to say the least."

1. Verizon is still going to have to do a truck roll.
2. Verizon isn’t providing 1 Gbps speeds.
3. Verizon is going to trash all this equipment next year anyway.

"If 5G is so great, why are Verizon’s 5G speeds so similar to those already available from the likes of Common Networks and Starry?"

"Now, to be clear, I’m not saying that Verizon’s new 5G Home service is going to fail. On the contrary, ... Further, Verizon has made it very clear that fixed wireless service is one small part of the overall 5G opportunity."
FierceWireless  5G  Verizon 
september 2018
Glossary - NOAA's National Weather Service
"This glossary contains information on more than 2000 terms, phrases and abbreviations used by the NWS. Many of these terms and abbreviations are used by NWS forecasters to communicate between each other and have been in use for many years and before many NWS products were directly available to the public. It is the purpose of this glossary to aid the general public in better understanding NWS products."
glossary  terminology  NOAA  meteorology 
september 2018
La Cité Idéale - Victor Micoud's Portfolio
via Aesthetica ?Jul 2018

"This serie showcases an empty scenery where the actor, the human being, is present only through the vision he has of his environment. The way this space is being built gives us clues about our conception of "living together", the contrary however, might also be possible: the environment could influence our behaviours and interactions.

The project originated from the questions Victor Micoud asked himself during his wanderings in the environment in which he has spent his life.

These photos show the threshold of a growing urbanization in the further outskirts of Paris, around EuroDisney, in the "ville nouvelle" of Marne-la-Vallée. Through a minimalist, symetric and clean aesthetic, he tries to depict the will of a rationalization of our way of lives, integrating always more our wills, needs and dreams. This comes down to planning the habits of a medium city-dweller, leaving always less space to spontaneity, the creativity of individual initiative. In the meantime, the space created seems full of illusions, built as a "décor", it gives the impression of breaking with standardization by changing colors, shapes and sizes, learning from the mistakes made in the past.


Disneyland is famous as the world of illusions. But do these illusions really stop at the limits of the park? or do they extend further, even among the streets of the cities built around it? This question is all the more relevant knowing that Disney is the owner of the area where those cities are built.


Where are those places, un-located, neutrals, disconnected from any context? Are they part of the real world or of an illusion we create of our future?"


- Josefina Jaureguiberry
AestheticaMagazine  photography  urbanism  art 
september 2018
Wi-Fi Gets More Secure: Everything You Need to Know About WPA3 - IEEE Spectrum
"WPA3, Enhanced Open, Easy Connect: The Wi-Fi Alliance's trio of new protocols explained"
security  technology  Wi-Fi  IEEE-Spectrum 
september 2018
BlackIoT: IoT Botnet of High Wattage Devices Can Disrupt the Power Grid | USENIX
Via Bruce Schneier

"We demonstrate that an Internet of Things (IoT) botnet of high wattage devices–such as air conditioners and heaters–gives a unique ability to adversaries to launch large-scale coordinated attacks on the power grid. In particular, we reveal a new class of potential attacks on power grids called the Manipulation of demand via IoT (MadIoT) attacks that can leverage such a botnet in order to manipulate the power demand in the grid. We study five variations of the MadIoT attacks and evaluate their effectiveness via state-of-the-art simulators on real-world power grid models. These simulation results demonstrate that the MadIoT attacks can result in local power outages and in the worst cases, large-scale blackouts. Moreover, we show that these attacks can rather be used to increase the operating cost of the grid to benefit a few utilities in the electricity market. This work sheds light upon the interdependency between the vulnerability of the IoT and that of the other networks such as the power grid whose security requires attention from both the systems security and power engineering communities."
IoT  utilities  electricity  infrastructure  hacking  cybersecurity  botnets 
september 2018
47 U.S. Code § 765f - Satellite auctions | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commission shall not have the authority to assign by competitive bidding orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision of international or global satellite communications services. The President shall oppose in the International Telecommunication Union and in other bilateral and multilateral fora any assignment by competitive bidding of orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision of such services.
satellite  auctions  legislation 
september 2018
The No. 1 Lifelong Habit Of Warren Buffett: The 5-Hour Rule, Michael Simmons, Sep 2018
"This article shares that answer.

By the end of it, you’ll have a clear path to adopting the 5-Hour Rule (deliberately learning for at least five hours per week) and moving much closer to Buffett’s more intensive Learner’s Lifestyle (making deliberate learning your No. 1 competitive advantage and getting essentially paid to learn)."
management  productivity  self-help  learning  * 
september 2018
First independent 5G results: Hundreds of megabits, not gigabits - Sep 2018
"Pal Zarandy, an always interesting analyst, tested Elisa's "world's first" 5G network from inside his office and outside with line of sight. The results were as expected: 5G at 3.5 GHz and Massive MIMO performs about the same as a good 4G network."

"This is the dirty secret of "5G." Almost all the claimed new uses can be met with 4G. Anyone who doesn't know that should ask an engineer."
Dave-Burstein  5G  3.5GHz  4G 
september 2018
Congress must grow to check the administrative state - AEI Sep 2018
"The rise of the administrative state and the corresponding decline in power of the legislative branch is much lamented, often by political conservatives, and rightly so. The executive branch so dominates policymaking that Congress often stands by as major aspects of public policy get rewritten without any change to underlying law. The country’s founders wanted the people’s representatives in the House and Senate to serve as checks on an overly assertive executive branch. Congress’s persistent failure to properly fulfill this essential constitutional role in recent years is one reason the nation’s politics are out of balance."
AEI  opinion  governance  US  politics 
september 2018
Vorticity - tutorials
Vorticity Basics
Relationship Between Vorticity and Divergence
What is DPVA?
Vorticity Misconceptions
Pressure Troughs and Shortwaves
What is a Shortwave Trough?
What is a Negatively Tilted Trough?
meteorology  weather  tutorial 
september 2018
How to Find Windows Spotlight Lock Screen Images - Jan 2016
The first tricky part is that the images are cached deep inside your User folder, and to find them, we’ll first need to enable the “show hidden files” option in File Explorer.
TekRevue  images  howto  Windows  Windows10  WindowsSpotlight 
september 2018
Sagano Bamboo Forest, Arashiyama, Japan - Bing
Windows 10 desktop image of the day, Fri/Sat 7/8 Sep 2018

"Although visitors to this place may feel like they’re a world away, they’re actually only a stone’s throw from urban hustle and bustle. Just beyond the western edge of Kyoto, Japan, lies the district of Arashiyama. The area is well known for beautiful natural scenery and attractions, including the Sagano Bamboo Forest. A walk along the paths of the forest is not just a visual treat—with daylight filtering through the thousands of green bamboo trunks—but a delight for the ears as well. As the wind blows through the forest, it creates a distinctive sound that is often cited as one of the most memorable aspects of the forest."
Bing  Japan  Travel 
september 2018
Orbcomm - Wikipedia
ORBCOMM (NASDAQ: ORBC) is an American company that offers industrial Internet of things (IoT) and machine to machine (M2M)[1] communications solutions designed to track, monitor, and control fixed and mobile assets in markets including transportation, heavy equipment, maritime, oil and gas, utilities and government. The company provides hardware devices, modems, web applications and data services delivered over multiple satellite and cellular networks.
Wikipedia  LEO  satellite 
september 2018
Russ Roberts on the Information Revolution, Politics, Yeats, and Yelling – Econlib
via Phil Weiser

"EconTalk host Russ Roberts does a monologue on how political discourse seems to have deteriorated in recent years and the growth in outrage, tribalism, and intolerance for those with different views from one's own. Roberts suggests that part of the problem is the revolution of the market for information caused by the internet that allows people to customize what they see to fit their own political narratives and worldview. In short, the market for news works to make us feel good rather than to help us to discover the truth. The monologue closes with some suggestions for how we might improve the way we consume information and interact with those we disagree with."
podcasts  economics  politics  US 
september 2018
Nokia warns that Trump’s China tariffs could impede U.S. 5G rollouts | FierceWireless
Nokia filed a warning with the FCC that President Trump's moves to levy tariffs on a wide variety of components from China could impede operators’ rollout of 5G network technology in the United States.

“Of particular concern to Nokia are the recent tariffs imposed on trade with China, which specifically target a wide range of components that are critical to 5G,” Nokia wrote in a recent filing to the FCC.
FierceWireless  Nokia  FCC  5G  China  trade  tariffs 
september 2018
South Africa opens door to spectrum liberalisation | PolicyTracker Sep 2018
"South Africa’s telecoms ministry has published a draft amendment to the Electronic Communications Act (ECA) that places significant emphasis on spectrum issues, with changes to access policies and licensing.

"The draft version of the amendment bill–to be presented to the South African parliament this week–includes measures designed to encourage spectrum liberalisation, such as plans to create a national wholesale open access network (WOAN) and to enable spectrum sharing, trading and refarming as well as the introduction of a “use it or lose it” licensing regime.

"The new act also gives the government, instead of the regulator ICASA, full control of the national radio plan. However, the Ministry of Telecommunications and Postal Services must still consult with the regulatory body on future actions."
spectrum  policy  South-Africa  PolicyTracker 
september 2018
Labor Day: Where does it come from? - CSMonitor.com
Labor Day dates back to 1882, when New York labor unions established a September parade. The first participants were heckled, but within 12 years, they'd won a national holiday.
CSMonitor  history  employment  holidays  labor 
september 2018
Using Satellite Data to Scale Smallholder Agricultural Insurance | CGAP Sep 2018
"This paper looks beyond the excitement of the vast possibilities for satellite data applications to promote scale in smallholder agricultural insurance. It documents lessons learned from using these data to reduce the costs and improve the quality of smallholder agricultural insurance in Nigeria and Kenya. "
CGAP  development-assistance  finance  insurance  satellite  agriculture  Nigeria  Kenya  remote-sensing  EO 
september 2018
Iridium NEXT-8 launch date dependent on satellite manufacturing, availability – NASASpaceFlight.com Sep 2018
"Iridium Communications is nearing the end of its two-year campaign with SpaceX to place 75 Iridium NEXT communication satellites into orbit. The company has launched 65 of those satellites to date, with the final 10 scheduled to launch on a Falcon 9 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, before the end of the year. The completion of the launch campaign will purposefully leave six NEXT satellites on the ground to serve as launch-replacement spares should they ever be needed over the life of the new constellation."

"The reason for the hiccup in launch processing for this final Iridium mission has to do with a specific and very important part that all of the Iridium NEXT satellites need."
NASASpaceflight  Iridium  launch 
september 2018
Quotes - Lions and tigers and bears, oh my!
This line is spoken by Dorothy, the Tin Man, and the Scarecrow, in the film The Wizard of Oz

Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NecK4MwOfeI
quotations  movies 
september 2018
Microwave Weapons Are Prime Suspect in Ills of U.S. Embassy Workers - The New York Times
"The medical team that examined 21 affected diplomats from Cuba made no mention of microwaves in its detailed report published in JAMA in March. But Douglas H. Smith, the study’s lead author and director of the Center for Brain Injury and Repair at the University of Pennsylvania, said in a recent interview that microwaves were now considered a main suspect and that the team was increasingly sure the diplomats had suffered brain injury."

"Strikes with microwaves, some experts now argue, more plausibly explain reports of painful sounds, ills and traumas than do other possible culprits — sonic attacks, viral infections and contagious anxiety. In particular, a growing number of analysts cite an eerie phenomenon known as the Frey effect, named after Allan H. Frey, an American scientist. Long ago, he found that microwaves can trick the brain into perceiving what seem to be ordinary sounds. "
NYTimes  Cuba  US  microwaves 
september 2018
Drones and Frequencies to Fly on - ECC Newsletter August 2018
" CEPT held a Workshop on ‘spectrum for drones – UAS’ in sunny Copenhagen on 29-30 May 2018. The focus of the workshop was on drones which fly in circumstances where they do not need communications with air traffic control."

"The workshop heard from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which has new draft regulations before the EU Commission. The approach includes three categories of operations (Open, Specific and Certified) in an operation centric approach."

"These acts are expected to be published by the end of 2018 or in early 2019. They will be complemented by related standardisation initiatives."

"When it comes to UAS, frequencies are used in a number of ways: for command and control (CC) and identification, as well as for payload transmissions (e.g. on-board cameras sending information to the ground). Communications solutions are also needed for drones-to-drones, drones-to-infrastructure and for radar sensors and optical sensors on board the drones. In addition, they are needed for distribution of positioning information in order to avoid collisions, geo-awareness about fly zone restrictions such as around airports, sensitive facilities and locations, and drones traffic management."

"In the specific category, the basic principle is that a UAS operation, before being conducted, must be approved on the basis of a risk assessment."

"It was agreed at the workshop that, in the future, spectrum harmonisation may indeed be needed in areas of e-identification, geo-awareness and anti-collision. The various ideas for the technical solutions have, however, not converged in standardisation, while the use of several technologies may even provide a potentially safer approach using data fusion. Hence, the precise impact and needs for new frequency opportunities for drones/UAS is not yet clear."

"In February 2018, the ECC published ECC Report 268 on the technical and regulatory aspects and the needs for spectrum regulation when it comes to drones."
ECC  UAS  drones  spectrum  CEPT  workshop  risk-assessment 
september 2018
APOD: 2018 September 9 - Aerosol Earth
"... the Goddard Earth Observing System Forward Processing (GEOS FP) model relies on a combination of Earth-observing satellite and ground-based data to calculate the presence of types of aerosols, tiny solid particles and liquid droplets, as they circulate above the entire planet. This August 23rd model shows black carbon particles in red from combustion processes, like smoke from the fires in the United States and Canada, spreading across large stretches of North America and Africa. Sea salt aerosols are in blue, swirling above threatening typhoons near South Korea and Japan, and the hurricane looming near Hawaii. Dust shown in purple hues is blowing over African and Asian deserts."
images  photography  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  APOD  ** 
september 2018
Army turns to artificial intelligence to counter electronic attacks - SpaceNews.com aug 2018
"A team of eight engineers from Aerospace Corp. won a $100,000 Army prize by correctly detecting and classifying the greatest number of radio frequency signals using a combination of signal processing and artificial intelligence algorithms"
SpaceNews  AI  ML  spectrum  USArmy  competition  signal-classification 
august 2018
SpecGram—French Sues English—SpecGram Wire Services
"The Académie Française filed a lawsuit today at the European Court of Language Slights in Brussels against the English language, claiming 650 million euros in compensation. The suit against the English language describes “the intentional misappropriation of core elements of French and imitation of its distinctive sound.” The Académie seeks damages and an injunction that, if granted, would prevent English from being spoken until the case has been resolved. The Académie spokesman, Eustole Mesmots, PhD, RSVP, in a written statement, declared: “English has long claimed to be merely borrowing these words, but to date, nothing has ever been returned to French, and today is the day for justice.” "

"The litigation, which seeks class-action status to represent other aggrieved world languages, represents a test of the Vocabulary And Copyrighted Utterance, Oral Unit Sanctions, a decade-old law designed to prevent language identity theft. French attorney Pierre Lesgaulles argues that English shouldn’t enjoy VACUOUS protection, because no proactive steps have been taken to prevent piracy."
SpeculativeGrammarian  humor  IPR  litigation  law 
august 2018
Kepler Communications opens launch bids for Gen-1 LEO constellation - SpaceNews.com, aug 2018
"Kepler Communications announced Aug. 28 it is accepting bids from launch providers to orbit its first-generation constellation of up to 15 cubesats, but with the stipulation that the launches must happen within two years."

"Kepler plans to operate 140 satellites in low Earth orbit to provide Internet of Things connectivity to devices on the ground and to act as a relay network for other satellites by using intersatellite links. Mitry said Kepler intends to scale up fast, with the Gen-1 constellation in service by late 2020 or early 2021, a second generation of up to 50 satellites by the end of 2021, and the full 140-satellite constellation operational by the end of 2022. "

"Kepler has yet to sign a manufacturing agreement for the full 140 satellite constellation."

"Each satellite will have a mass of 12 to 15 kilograms ... the Gen-1 satellites will be slightly heavier than the prototypes because those lack intersatellite links"

"Kepler has also yet to determine if its fleet will have on-board propulsion, he said. From an altitude between 520 and 600 kilometers, Kepler’s satellites will have a design life of three to five years, he said. "
Kepler  NGSO  launch  satellite  IoT 
august 2018
FAACO Announcement - RFI - B4UFLY (Mobile Application) Mission
Title: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Safe Flight Awareness Request for Information (RFI) – Public Private Partnership to Continue the B4UFLY (Mobile Application) Mission
FAA  UAS  RFI 
august 2018
[pdf] FAA Second_Edition_Integration_of_Civil_UAS_NAS_Roadmap_July 2018.pdf
Five-year roadmap for the introduction of civil UAS into the
NAS
FAA  UAS  NAS 
august 2018
Help to shape policy with your science - Nature career feature, Aug 2018
"When scientists get involved in policy, they should be careful not to advocate for specific solutions, warns Gluckman. Instead, he says, quoting from a book by political scientist and public-policy expert Roger Pielke Jr, a scientist should be an ‘honest broker’, helping policymakers to understand possible policy options and their consequences."

"Most of all, scientists should understand that policymakers rarely want to hear about the results of a researcher’s latest peer-reviewed study. "

See also: https://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/womens-and-childrens-health-policy-center/de/policy_brief/index.html

"To make sure science influences policy, it’s best to collaborate with policymakers from the start, says Mach."
policy  policy-making  advocacy  science  NatureJournal 
august 2018
Sleep and dreaming: Where do our minds go at night? | New Scientist Jan 2013
"dreams tend to be silent movies – with just half containing traces of sounds. It is even more unusual to enjoy a meal or feel damp grass beneath your feet – taste, smell and touch appearing only very rarely. Similar studies have tried to pin down some of the factors that might influence what we dream about, though they have struggled to find anything reliable."

"the idea that sleep helps to cement our memories for future recall "

[Mark Blagrove at Swansea University]'s "team has found that memories enter our dreams in two separate stages. They first float into our consciousness on the night after the event itself, which might reflect the initial recording of the memory, and then they reappear between five and seven days later, which may be a sign of consolidation"

"the sleeping brain also forges links to other parts of your mental autobiography, allowing you to see associations between different events"

"Perhaps the intense images are an indication of what a difficult process it is integrating a traumatic event with the rest of our autobiography."

"Despite these advances, many, many mysteries remain. Top of the list is the question of the purpose of our dreams: are they essential for preservation of our memories, for instance – or could we manage to store our life’s events without them? “There’s no consensus,” says [Patrick McNamara at Northcentral University]."

"some research suggesting that TV may have caused a major shift in the form and content of our dreams"
NewScientist  sleep  dreaming  neuroscience  psychology  dreams  memory 
august 2018
Weird dream? Your brain won't even try to make sense of it | New Scientist, Apr 2015
"The bizarre can seem completely normal when you’re dreaming, perhaps because parts of your brain give up trying to figure out what’s going on. Armando D’Agostino of the University of Milan in Italy thinks that the strangeness of dreams resembles psychosis, because individuals are disconnected from reality and have disrupted thought processes that lead to wrong conclusions."

"Using a “bizarreness” scoring system, the researchers found that dreams were significantly weirder than the waking fantasies the volunteers composed. "
NewScientist  dreams 
august 2018
Automated frequency coordination emerges as compromise for unlicensed access to 6 GHz | PolicyTracker: Aug 2018
"A coalition of major companies with an interest in unlicensed spectrum access is advocating a form of light licensing called automated frequency coordination (AFC) for the 5925–7125 MHz range in the US. The idea is that AFC would prevent interference to the fixed links and C-band satellite uplinks that currently use the band by limiting the locations where radio local area networks (RLANs) can operate. RLANs would also have to periodically transmit identifying information so that the source of any given interference can be rapidly identified."

"PolicyTracker previously noted that advocates of unlicensed use of the 5925–7125 MHz band were proposing to mitigate against potential (supposedly rare) interference to incumbent installations by setting up a database of outdoor RLAN deployments, alongside mandatory transmission of identification information.

The AFC proposal builds on this to propose that RLAN master devices cannot operate in the same channel as an incumbent fixed link within a given exclusion zone. This would be enforced through an AFC function that contains a repository of the bands’ current usage. An exception would be made for indoor devices operating at low power."

"This proposal is supported by Apple, Broadcom, Cisco, Facebook, Google, Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), Intel, Microsoft, Qualcomm and Ruckus Networks"
PolicyTracker  5GHz  spectrum-sharing  6GHz 
august 2018
Harmful spectrum pricing driven by political decisions, GSMA says | PolicyTracker, Aug 2018
"Spectrum prices in developing nations are on average three times greater than in developed countries in proportion with income per capita, according to a report recently published by mobile industry association the GSMA. The association believes the figure is driven by legislative decisions rather than market forces."

"High spectrum prices in developing countries are linked to more expensive and lower quality mobile broadband services, the report says."
PolicyTracker  GSMA  spectrum-auctions  economics 
august 2018
Milking the “Cow” or Shooting for the “Stars” - Northern Sky Research Aug 2018
"While HTS attracts the hype and promises rapid revenue growth, the truth is that today, FSS, and most specifically video, continues to be the bread and butter of satellite operators. According to NSR’s Global Satellite Capacity Supply and Demand, 15th Edition report, cumulative satellite capacity revenues over the next 10 years will surpass $189 billion, with widebeam FSS still driving 53% of these revenues. How should satellite operators balance growth and revenues?"

"Several HTS payloads have been slow in attracting customers as the operators underestimated the effort to develop sales channels. Similarly, network management for a widebeam satellite is much simpler than for an HTS satellite."
NSR  satellite  HTS  GEO  FSS  business  market-research 
august 2018
Most Americans Continue to Have Privacy and Security Concerns, NTIA Survey Finds | National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Aug 2018
"Nearly three-quarters of Internet-using households had significant concerns about online privacy and security risks in 2017, while a third said these worries caused them to hold back from some online activities. About 20 percent said they had experienced an online security breach, identity theft, or a similar crime during the past year.

However, the 2017 survey showed a decline in households reporting concerns and avoiding certain online activities compared with the 2015 survey, which first asked these questions."

"An analysis of the 2017 data reveals that the decrease in reported privacy and security concerns was driven in large part by a reduction in the number of households specifically naming identify theft as a concern. "
NTIA  privacy  US  trends 
august 2018
The Seattle Plane Crash: Lessons and Questions - The Atlantic Aug 2018
"Thus sane approaches to security have been careful to set the goal of reducing risks, rather than eliminating them. "
TheAtlantic  aviation  security  risk  James-Fallows 
august 2018
FCC Commissioner O'Rielly's Appalling Op-Ed on the ITU - Aug 2018
The FCC Commissioner Michael O'Reilly's recently contributed opinion on the ITU in "The Hill" is beyond bizarre. It also sadly displays an appalling lack of knowledge of the organization and its history. I find it disturbing — as someone who held senior positions at both the FCC and the ITU and wrote the organization's history — how fundamentally ignorant an FCC Commissioner could be today of the global telecommunications ecosystem. Unfortunately, it seems symptomatic of the current Administration's anti-multilateral, alt-truth approaches.
OpenID  opinion  ITU  FCC 
august 2018
Why Foldering Adds Very Little Security - Steven Bellovin, Aug 2018
Today, an attacker with access to log files, either via subpoena or by hacking a mail server, can see the communication metadata whether Alice and Bob are using foldering or simply sending email. An eavesdropper can't see the communications in either case. This is in contrast to 2010, when an eavesdropper could learn a lot from email but couldn't from a foldering channel.
CircleID  Steven-Bellovin  email  cybersecurity 
august 2018
Cruising for Higher Throughputs - Northern Sky Research Aug 2018
"From 300 Mbps to MSC cruises announced by Marlink in June 2017 to the most recent 3.2 Gbps of throughput delivered to a Carnival Cruise Line Ship in May of 2018, there are few satellite sectors that are seeing such record levels of growth to a customer’s single location . With over 570 Gbps of throughput growth expected between 2017 – 2027 according to NSR’s Maritime SATCOM Report, what applications are driving this growth? "
NSR  satellite  broadband  maritime  GSO  NGSO 
august 2018
Viasat’s Dankberg explains medium Earth orbit thinking, global expansion strategy - SpaceNews.com Aug 2018
"Viasat is still working on a medium-Earth-orbit satellite constellation idea revealed almost two years ago, but has not finalized what that system would look like, Mark Dankberg, CEO of Viasat, said Aug. 9. Viasat is “putting a bunch of work” into optimizing a 24-satellite system disclosed in a 2016 application to the U.S. Federal Communications Commission that would provide connectivity using Ka-band and the lesser used V-band spectrum. "

“The direction we’ve been looking at is really looking at the non-GEO and the GEO as an integrated system, and that relieves that constraint. We don’t have to use the non-GEO to provide coverage everywhere.”

Viasat’s approach to globalization is to “really understand each market and be able to deliver services to end users in those markets, not just sell to intermediaries,” [Mark Dankberg] said.
SpaceNews  Viasat  MEO  NGSO  satellite  business 
august 2018
Frost & Sullivan: Small communications satellites to surge by 2030 | FierceWireless Aug 2018
Frost & Sullivan predicts launch demand will reach 11,740 small satellites by 2030, with revenues reaching $70.1 billion. Prasad told FierceWireless that 52% of those small satellites will be communications satellites offering connectivity and voice services. By comparison, communications make up just 13% of small-satellite launches between 2015 and the first quarter of 2018.
FierceWireless  Frost&Sullivan  smallsats 
august 2018
Starry expands deployment plans, reaches 350K homes in Boston | FierceWireless Aug 2018
Starry’s proprietary active phased array technology is based on the IEEE’s 802.11ac Wi-Fi standard and works in the licensed 37.0-38.6 GHz band in all of its chosen markets.
Starry  FierceWireless  antennas  mmwave  37GHz 
august 2018
Algorithms Help Power Grids Survive GPS Spoofs - IEEE Spectrum Aug 2018
"Power grids increasingly rely on GPS to stay in sync, which makes them potentially vulnerable to attacks that broadcast false GPS signals. Now researchers have developed algorithms they say could help defend against such assaults, even if a third of a power grid's GPS signals were disrupted."

"PMUs are vulnerable to GPS spoofing attacks, wherein a hacker would place transmitters near a station to broadcast counterfeit GPS signals, which would be picked up by the PMUs. Fooling the PMUs of one or more power stations could lead to disruptions that could cascade throughout an entire power grid."
GPS  IEEE-Spectrum  spoofing  energy  utilities 
august 2018
Hardly Anyone Wants to Admit America Is Beating Poverty - WSJ, Bruce D. Meyer and James X. Sullivan , Aug 2018
"poverty has declined significantly over the past 50 years, but neither side has recognized the major progress that has been made."

"Instead of focusing on reported incomes, our work measures poverty based on consumption: what food, housing, transportation and other goods and services people are able to purchase. This approach, which captures the effect of noncash programs and accounts for the known bias in the CPI-U, demonstrates clearly that there is much less material deprivation than there was decades ago. "
WSJ  opinion  poverty  US 
august 2018
“No encryption, no fly” rule proposed for smallsats - SpaceNews.com Aug 2018
"Small satellites that have propulsion systems, but don’t have encrypted commanding systems, pose a small but real threat of being hacked and endangering other satellites, according to a new study."

"The concern, then is a scenario where hackers are able to take control of a satellite and redirect it quickly. Government satellites, as well as many commercial ones, have security measures like encryption that make it unlikely they could be hacked. However, many satellites run by academic institutions don’t have such security, often because of funding or technical limitations."
SpaceNews  smallsats  hacking  encryption  cybersecurity  Communications 
august 2018
Security Flaws On Comcast’s Login Page Exposed Customers’ Personal Information - BuzzFeed aug 2018
Comcast Xfinity inadvertently exposed the partial home addresses and Social Security numbers of more than 26.5 million customers, according to security researcher Ryan Stevenson, who discovered the security flaws. Two previously unreported vulnerabilities in the high-speed internet service provider’s online customer portal made it easy for even an unsophisticated hacker to access this sensitive information.
BuzzFeed  security  privacy  Comcast  spoofing 
august 2018
Electromagnetic Radiation Safety: 5G Wireless Technology: Millimeter Wave Health Effects
"Unfortunately, few studies have examined prolonged exposure to low-intensity MMWs, and no research that I am aware of has focused on exposure to MMWs combined with other radiofrequency radiation."

"In sum, the peer-reviewed research demonstrates that short-term exposure to low-intensity millimeter wave (MMW) radiation not only affects human cells, it may result in the growth of multi-drug resistant bacteria harmful to humans. Since little research has been conducted on the health consequences from long-term exposure to MMWs, widespread deployment of 5G or 5th generation wireless infrastructure constitutes a massive experiment that may have adverse impacts on the public’s health."
5G  mmwave  health-effects  radiation 
august 2018
Electric propulsion to send smallsats from LEO to GEO orbit, moon - SpaceNews.com aug 2018
"Blue Canyon Technologies, a small satellite supplier based in Boulder, Colorado, is bidding on two missions to transport spacecraft from low Earth to geostationary orbit with electric propulsion in addition to a mission to send a satellite from low Earth orbit to the moon. The missions are scheduled to fly within the next couple of years, said George Stafford, Blue Canyon chief executive and president. With electric propulsion, it will take a satellite about four months to move from low Earth to geostationary orbit and six months to reach the moon, said Daniel Hegel, Blue Canyon advanced development director."
SpaceNews  space  propulsion  BlueCanyon  smallsats 
august 2018
Small satellite sector grapples with cybersecurity requirements, cost - SpaceNews.com Aug 2018
"For cybersecurity experts, it’s clearcut: smallsat operators should take the same precautions as large satellite operators, including encrypting uplinks and downlinks, safeguarding ground stations and monitoring network activity."

"In many cases, however, small satellite developers and operators are not focusing on cybersecurity. Many of the hallmarks of the rapidly growing sector — low-cost satellites, lean operations and continual hardware and software improvements — are the same characteristics that make cybersecurity challenging."

"Gregory Falco, a research fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center Cyber Security Project, underscores the threat posed by internet connections. Falco, who has focused extensively on the Internet of Things, equates cubesats to IoT devices."
SpaceNews  smallsats  satellite  cybersecurity 
august 2018
Smallsat developers focus on improving reliability - SpaceNews.com aug 2018
"As cubesats and other smallsats transition from technology demonstration and student projects to operational missions supporting a growing array of applications, companies large and small are working to improve their reliability. ... The on-orbit performance of cubesats has long been a sore point."

[Jeroen Cappaert, a co-founder] said Spire is now considering providing mission services to companies, who they would fly their payloads on Spire satellites. “We think of Spire today as a data provider, but we’re also a mission provider,” he said. “We’ve built all this infrastructure and we think we can provide value to other companies that don’t necessarily want to spend the time and capital building all this from scratch.”

"[NanoRacks] has, to date, deployed 223 satellites from the ISS"
SpaceNews  satellite  Spire  business  smallsats  NanoRacks 
august 2018
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