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Insight-as-a-Service for Satellite Networks - NSR Sep 2018
"The terrestrial telecom industry is fast shifting towards 5G networks, with Software Defined Networks (SDN) and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) forming key parts of major strategic efforts. This is seen in multiple market movements where organizations such as Verizon, AT&T and Ericsson have begun to shift towards adopting SDN/NFV approaches to manage increasingly complex networks. But what does this mean for satellite players, and how can they remain competitive?

With satellite operators beginning to unlock value behind pixels and bits, the industry is moving downstream towards a data-driven application business. Earth Observation (EO) and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) / Internet-of-Things (IoT) satcom stand at an inflection point. While most of the opportunity will remain in the application layer, a parallel story is emerging in the network layer as well."

"NSR’s Big Data Analytics via Satellite, 2nd Edition report establishes the revenue potential for satellite big data lies largely in the Transportation, Gov/Mil and Energy markets."

"A major driving force of this growth is the increasing complexity of networks."

"... in late 2017, SES used dynamic bandwidth allocation based on SDN principles on its O3b fleet."
NSR  satellite  5G  SDN  NFV  EO  remote-sensing  M2M  IoT  market-research  SES  O3b 
september 2018
Capella Space raises $19 million for radar constellation - SpaceNews.com Sep 2018
"Capella Space, a startup planning a constellation of radar imaging satellites, has raised an additional $19 million to fund continued development of its system. ... has raised approximately $35 million to date...

That funding will support development of what Capella Space ultimately plans to be a 36-satellite constellation providing synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery with hourly revisit times. "

"SAR offers the benefit of being able to collect imagery regardless of time of day or amount of cloud cover, unlike optical imagery. However, it’s also had a reputation for being more difficult to work with, an issue Banazadeh said is fading with the rise of automated systems to interpret the imagery and extract the desired information."

Matt Ocko of DCVC: “Commodity trading, urban development, critical infrastructure, shipping and security: businesses across the board realize that milliseconds matter in today’s global economy, and a steady stream of reliable, easily accessible Earth information just does not exist.”

"Commercially, he said major customers will likely come from the infrastructure monitoring, maritime and agricultural markets."
SpaceNews  remote-sensing  EO  CapellaSpace  satellite  SAR  radar 
september 2018
Cloudflare Encrypts SNI Across Its Network | SecurityWeek.Com
“Today, as HTTPS covers nearly 80% of all web traffic, the fact that SNI leaks every site you go to online to your ISP and anyone else listening on the line has become a glaring privacy hole. Knowing what sites you visit can build a very accurate picture of who you are, creating both privacy and security risks,” Cloudflare’s Matthew Prince points out.
cybersecurity  internet  Cloudflare  SecurityWeek 
september 2018
Will technology destroy our democracy? - BBC News, Apr 2018
Will technology destroy our democracy?

Could the spread of social media and digital technology undermine democracy? Jamie Bartlett, the author of The People versus Tech, believes it could.

He argues there is a compatibility problem between democracy and technology. Institutions and regulations - like a free press, an informed citizenry, rules about election advertising - keep democracy working. All voters get the same facts and messages.

But big data analysis will enable politicians to target voters individually with highly targeted messaging that regulators can’t easily see, exploiting people's psychological vulnerabilities.

Jamie Bartlett explains more.
BBC  video  documentary  democracy  technology 
september 2018
Leave No Dark Corner - Foreign Correspondent, ABC, Sep 2018
"It’s innocuously called “Social Credit”. In fact it’s a dystopian personal scorecard for every one of China’s 1.4 billion citizens."
ABC  Australia  China  surveillance  democracy 
september 2018
93 | How Democracy Ends - The Book — Talking Politics, May 2018
An extra episode this week to talk about David's new book How Democracy Ends, out next week. With a clip from the lecture we put out at the start of the year and a chat with Helen and Chris Bickerton.
podcasts  TalkingPoliticsPodcast  politics  democracy  David-Runciman 
september 2018
71 | How Democracy Ends — Talking Politics, Dec 2017
Worst-case scenarios for democracy - especially since Trump's victory - hark back to how democracy has failed in the past. So do we really risk a return to the 1930s? This week David argues no - if democracy is going to fail in the twenty-first century it will be in ways that are new and surprising. A talk based on his new book coming out next year. Recorded at Churchill College as part of the CSAR lecture series
podcasts  TalkingPoliticsPodcast  politics  democracy  David-Runciman 
september 2018
91 | James Williams — Talking Politics, Apr 2018
We catch up with James Williams, winner of the Nine Dots Prize, ahead of the publication of his prize-winning book Stand Out of Our Light: Freedom and Resistance in the Attention Economy. What is the relentless competition for our attention doing to our well-being? How can we fight back against the endless pull of the phone in our pocket? And what does it all mean for politics? The book will available free to download from Cambridge University Press on 31 May.
podcasts  TalkingPoliticsPodcast  politics  attention-economy 
september 2018
53 | The Nine Dots Winner — Talking Politics, Jul 2017
This week we talk to James Williams, winner of the inaugural Nine Dots Prize, which offered $100,000 for the best answer to the question: 'Are digital technologies making politics impossible?' James used to work at Google and he channeled his experiences for his prize-winning entry. He tells us what he learned there and what it means to live in the attention economy. Plus we discuss how Trump has managed to monopolise the attention of the entire world. Along with the money, James now has to write a book with his answer - we'll be checking in with him along the way to see how he's getting on. With John Naughton.
podcasts  TalkingPolitics  politics  Google 
september 2018
WestJet Exec on the Evolving Cybersecurity Threats - Via Satellite - Sep 2018
"... recent research from Cybersecurity Ventures estimated that revenues from cyber crime have now reached $1.5 trillion. Smibert also gave a recent example of a cryptocurrency investor who had $24 million in a single theft drained out of their account. “Our friends at IATA say that the annual global revenues for the airline industry is $754 billion,” Smibert said. “The cyber crime industry is double of the airline industry. " "

"Smibert cautioned companies in the aerospace sector who believe they are unlikely to be targeted by hackers. “A lot of organizations make the mistake that they don’t have anything of value for hackers,” he said"
ViaSatellite  cybersecurity  aviation 
september 2018
(18) Ruckers double in original disposition - YouTube
"As far as we know, all double manual harpsichords made by the Ruckers family had a particular disposition: two sets of strings, four rows of jacks, two non-aligned manuals. The resulting palette of sounds is unmatched by later harpsichord types and perfectly fits the repertoire of the early 17th century. "
harpsichord  music  video  YouTube 
september 2018
Colosseum: A Battleground for AI Let Loose on the RF Spectrum | 2018-09-15 | Microwave Journal
"In this article, we discuss the design and implementation of Colosseum, including the architectural choices and trades required to create an internet-based radio development and test environment of this scope and scale."
MicrowaveJournal  DARPA  Colosseum  AI  RF  simulation  mirror-worlds 
september 2018
Introduction to Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanations (LIME) - O'Reilly Media
A technique to explain the predictions of any machine learning classifier.
By Marco Tulio RibeiroSameer SinghCarlos Guestrin
August 12, 2016

"In "Why Should I Trust You?" Explaining the Predictions of Any Classifier, a joint work by Marco Tulio Ribeiro, Sameer Singh, and Carlos Guestrin (to appear in ACM's Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining -- KDD2016), we explore precisely the question of trust and explanations."

"Because we want to be model-agnostic, what we can do to learn the behavior of the underlying model is to perturb the input and see how the predictions change."

"We used LIME to explain a myriad of classifiers (such as random forests, support vector machines (SVM), and neural networks) in the text and image domains."
ML  AI  neural-nets  explanation  prediction 
september 2018
M2M and IoT via Satellite, 9th Edition - NSR - Sep 2018
From press release in email 9/23, dd 9/25, "NSR Report: Smallsats to Accelerate M2M/IoT Satcom Market"

"NSR’s M2M and IoT via Satellite, 9th Edition report forecasts smallsat M2M/IoT constellations are set to propel market growth via low latency, low cost, albeit low ARPU, service. NSR’s first time forecast for this emerging smallsat market shows tremendous potential with 3.7 million M2M/IoT in-service units projected by 2027, representing 37% of overall satcom terminals."

"constellations such as Astrocast, Hiber, Kepler Communications and many more will target satcom M2M/IoT applications with ARPUs set to $1 per month or even lower"

"viability of new smallsat constellations in this market is more likely than their large LEO telecom counterparts due to much lower system CAPEX"
NSR  satellite  market-research  IoT  M2M  business 
september 2018
Reimagining of Schrödinger’s cat breaks quantum mechanics — and stumps physicists - Nature Sep 2018
In a multi-‘cat’ experiment, the textbook interpretation of quantum theory seems to lead to contradictory pictures of reality, physicists claim.
quantum-mechanics  NatureJournal 
september 2018
Protect spectrum access systems from attacks, study says | PolicyTracker Sep 2018
"Keeping networks safe from malicious or inadvertent attacks isn't just a matter for the online world. As new technologies enable the development of more potentially interfering devices, instances of spectrum disruption are on the rise. The UK Spectrum Policy Forum (SPF) has 10 recommendations to help spectrum users, managers and installers fight back. "

"Disruptions may come from cyber-spectrum criminals seeking to make money from fraud or from industrial competitors and foreign intelligence agencies looking for an economic advantage for their companies or countries, the report said. Hacktivists might want to attack spectrum-dependent systems (SDSs) for political or ideological reasons, and company insiders with legitimate access to SDSs may cause disruptions accidentally or for malign reasons. Other SDSs in the same spectrum might disrupt though accidental or deliberate system configurations; changes to the local built or natural environment could also increase interference signals."

Examples:
"Car theft is on the rise in the UK as more criminals use radio transmitters to perform “relay” car hacks.
"A robber in Saint Petersburg, Russia, defeated the alarm system in a jewellery store with a repetitive radio frequency generator whose manufacture was reportedly no more complicated than assembling a home microwave oven.
"GSM-R, which is part of the European Train Management System, involves some data which is safety-critical, said MacLeod. If the GSM-R connection is lost, the train must stop. Compact battery-powered jammers can be bought on the internet for GSM systems, and it’s likely they can be operated from within the train. In 2015, the number of interferences reported on GSM-R that could stop trains from running rose to the point where Finland reportedly switched to a domestic radio system.
"Other problems have included interference to meteorological radars from a 5 GHz disabled dynamic frequency selection mechanism and ground-based interference that caused the loss of meteorological satellite services."
PolicyTracker  cybersecurity  spectrum  UK  SPF-SpectrumPolicyForum 
september 2018
New SPF Report: Cyber-Spectrum Resilience-Framework
"New UK Spectrum Policy Forum paper identifies 10-step Cyber-Spectrum Resilience Framework for spectrum users to minimise the spectrum threat to their businesses and contribute to the overall national cyber resilience strategy."

To help keep spectrum-using systems safe, the paper includes the below ten-point checklist for spectrum users, managers and installers:

1. Spectrum Audits: Do you know what frequencies you are using and why?
2. Impact assessment: Do you know what would the impact be on your business if you lost access to spectrum?
3. Detect/Monitor/Record: Are you checking the availability and usage of your frequencies?
4. Respond and Recover: Have you got a plan for getting back to business as usual after an interruption to your spectrum access?
5. Reporting: How and when do you report disruption?
6. Practice: Have you stress tested your system and your response and recovery plans?
7. Awareness: Are your staff aware of potential threats to spectrum availability?
8. Update: Do you implement regular updates?
9. Qualified personnel: Do you ensure that you are using suitably qualified personnel (SQP) to configure and control your systems?
10. Board responsibility: Do your Directors take responsibility for spectrum resilience?
cybersecurity  spectrum  UK  SPF-SpectrumPolicyForum  QinetiQ  cyber-spectrum  denial-of-spectrum 
september 2018
Astrocast on satellite mission to fill in coverage for IoT | FierceWireless Sep 2018
"Astrocast, a Lausanne, Switzerland-based company, is preparing to launch a constellation of satellites that could be used to “fill in” areas that cellular IoT technologies don’t cover."

“We are very low speed, low data rate, small data packets and designed for battery-operated small form factor devices,” said Bryan Eagle, U.S.-based vice president at Astrocast, in an interview with FierceWirelessTech. “That’s really our sweet spot. We’re much more an extension of NB-IoT, LoRa, Sigfox, than we are any relation to the OneWeb” or something of that nature.

"Fabien Jordan, CEO and founder to Astrocast, said the goal eventually is to have 64 operational nanosatellites to offer global coverage, and that likely will be complete in the end of 2020 timeframe."

"The company is using the L-Band, with spectrum ascertained through the Swiss national regulator."
FierceWireless  IoT  satellite  nanosatellites  smallsats 
september 2018
Is 5G just a testbed for 6G? (Whisper it, is 5G the new 3G?) Sep 2018
"The point of the session was the industry has an intensive workload to actually deliver on the vaulted promise of 5G. The first wave of 5G services will transform neither the industrial landscape, controlling most of the wider economy, nor the telecoms industry itself."

"the elephant in the room, the prospect of failure – that 5G, like the UMTS system a generation before, might just be a proving ground for the genuine article. At URLLC 2018, the panel and audience toyed with the grim theory, not new, that 5G might only be a glimpse of the future, and change nothing by itself."
5G 
september 2018
Can OneWeb Cross the Valley of Death? - NSR Sep 2018
Blog doesn't answer the question the headline poses - but hints No.

"OneWeb has accomplished a significant feat by raising the most funding – $1.7 billion – offering it a tremendous benefit over other similar LEO constellations. However, despite this notable amount, the question remains – is it enough to support and sustain this mega constellation, or is it just buzz and hype?"

"NSR considers OneWeb is currently placed between the technology transfer and product launch phases and will soon enter the said valley [of death]."

"NSR estimated a total CAPEX of over $5 Billion for OneWeb- which is $2 billion over the originally expected total CAPEX of around $3 billion. Considering this CAPEX value, a total available funding amount of $1.7 billion to date and a valuation of capacity as well as service revenue streams from various applications, NSR estimates a negative ROI over the next 10 years, which is attenuated further with the recently announced (and later retracted) confusing news of a $6 billion associated CAPEX."

"The dismissal of landing right requests (such is the case in Russia) also poses a significant threat to the success of OneWeb, as does the heavy recurring cost of fleet replenishment every 7-10 years."

"Market readiness, however, is a probable barrier for OneWeb."
NSR  OneWeb  business  satellite  NGSO  LEO 
september 2018
FCC's 5G masterstroke little more than big biz cash giveaway – expert • The Register Sep 2018
"What the FCC should have done, Levin all but shouts from the rooftops, is placed some requirements on Big Cable to rollout out to rural areas in return for making more money in metropolitan areas."
TheRegister  Blair-Levin  FCC  5G 
september 2018
Protecting the power grid from GPS spoofing -- GCN Sep 2018
"It’s relatively simple for bad actors to bring down a power grid by spoofing the GPS signals the grid uses to time stamp sensor measurements, according to researchers at the University of Texas at San Antonio."

The sensors -- phasor measurement units -- are installed in fixed locations throughout the grid and transmit 30 measurements per second to the control center, where operators monitor grid performance and increase or decrease the supply of electricity depending on the readings. That data is time stamped with the signals received by the sensors’ on-board GPS receivers.

"The team is also exploring using the algorithm to protect against time-synchronization attacks against financial institutions, which use the GPS timing data to time stamp financial transactions."
GPS  utilities  electricity  finance  vulnerability 
september 2018
Leading RF Security Vulnerabilities in 2018 — Bastille
Wi-FI: Krack
Keyless entry
Medical devices
Remotely hijacking vehicles

"RF vulnerabilities are most often not the result of flaws in operating systems and applications. The problems often reside in the firmware of communications chips, which are trade secrets not open to public inspection. An attack on them bypasses not just network firewalls but many forms of detection. The vulnerable devices are often simple, mass-produced ones, the kind found on the Internet of Things. Many manufacturers pay more attention to price than security."
Bastille  cybersecurity  RF  Wi-Fi  vulnerability 
september 2018
The FCC Ignores Reality in 5G Proposal | Benton Foundation
"The Coalition for Local Internet Choice and the National Association of Telecommunications Officers and Advisors asked for my view of the Federal Communications Commission’s pending order, proposing to cap the fees that state and local governments may charge for small-cell attachments."

"First, focusing on state and local government fees and processes is a distraction from the real obstacles to accelerated and ubiquitous deployment of next-generation mobile services"

"Second, local governments have a strong recent track record of endeavoring to enable and facilitate broadband deployment"

"Third, the FCC’s draft order is based on a fallacy that no credible investor would adopt and no credible economist endorse"
5G  BentonFoundation  Blair-Levin 
september 2018
Communications Resiliency | Homeland Security
Technology is a critical tool for improving interoperability that should meet the needs of practitioners on the front lines and should address regional needs, existing infrastructure, cost versus benefits, and sustainability. The resources below provide examples of communications resiliency. Fo
DHS  resilience  cybersecurity  spectrum  Communications 
september 2018
Threat Landscape and Good Practice Guide for Software Defined Networks/5G — ENISA Jan 2016
"This study reviews threats and potential compromises related to the security of SDN/5G networks. More specifically, this report has identified related network assets and the security threats, challenges and risks arising for these assets. Driven by the identified threats and risks, existing security mechanism and and good practices for SDN/5G/NFV has been identified. Finally based in the collated information technical, policy and organizational recommendations for proactively enhancing the security of SDN/5G is provided."

Published
January 27, 2016
security  cybersecurity  cellular  SDR  5G  ENISA  EU 
september 2018
No, mobile phones still won't give you brain cancer | New Scientist Jul 2018
Examples of everyday activities that the WHO places in an even higher category of risk, of “probably carcinogenic”, include breathing in emissions from frying food, working as a hairdresser and doing night shifts.
cellular  health  cancer  NewScientist  WHO 
september 2018
NSR Report: Non-GEO Satellites to Dominate Supply, Adding over 25 Tbps in Next Decade - NSR
"NSR’s Global Satellite Capacity Supply & Demand, 15th Edition report finds Non-GEO Satellite (NGSO) annual capacity revenues will skyrocket to $4 billion by 2027. These networks offer a new set of attributes for customers such as low latency, full mesh connectivity, or high-bandwidth per terminal, and will be key to unlocking new greenfield markets. However, CAPEX exposure is massive, and new revenue drivers might not be enough to pay back initial investments. Consequently, there is a risk of price disruption for the entire industry if these new players dump capacity to poach customers from legacy verticals."
NSR  market-research  satellite  business  NGSO 
september 2018
5G Wireless Technology Raises Security Fears - WSJ Sep 2018
Via Dale
By John D. McKinnon
Sept. 12, 2018 10:04 p.m. ET

"Perhaps the biggest concern is the expected flood of connected household devices, many of which already have been hacked and used in denial-of-service attacks, like one in late 2016 that made major services such as Netflix and Twitter unreachable for a day."

"With 5G, the telecommunications system itself will become so central to everyday life that experts fear it will create an ever-larger target for malicious actors. There also are worries that 5G will make it easier for hackers to turn autonomous vehicles, medical procedures and implantable devices into lethal weapons."

"federal officials are working with many device makers—including household and medical device makers—to make it easier to head off attacks."
WSJ  5G  cybersecurity 
september 2018
The FSS sector and the LEO-GEO stalemate - SpaceNews.com Sep 2018
"Orders for traditional geostationary satellites have fallen precipitously over the past three years. Industry counts show orders dropped from 26 GEO orders in 2014, to 15 in 2016 and seven in 2017. Most observers don’t believe 2018 will be much better. There are many reasons for the decline, ranging from a plateau in satellite video distribution to rapidly evolving high-throughput satellite (HTS) and digital payload technology that has created overcapacity in some segments and makes operators anxious about ordering long-life satellites that may soon be obsolete. These risks might be manageable if not for the planned low Earth orbit (LEO) constellations, with their promises of lower pricing, amplifying pricing and capacity concerns."

"The lack of clarity over the satellite industry’s future has led to an incredible standoff. On the one hand, the satellite industry is in a situation where investment in geostationary satellites is stalled due to uncertainties over the long-term industry outlook, particularly when LEO constellations enter. On the other hand, investment in LEO constellations is stalled due to shorter-term concerns about the availability of affordable consumer hardware."

"Will a LEO antenna manufacturer emerge to meet the performance and price targets needed to break this deadlock or will there be a realization that the technical challenges are insurmountable? "
LEO  GEO  opinion  NGSO  satellite  antennas  Armand-Musey 
september 2018
Telecoms AI ecosystems: increasing automation in processes - Analysys Mason Jul 2018
Operators have been aiming to use automations driven by artificial intelligence (AI) to improve processes for a long time, but the effort involved has limited the number of instances in which intelligence can be applied. The introduction of AI ecosystems means that AI and other analytics techniques can be used to model processes and apply optimisation algorithms. Moreover, where processes require dynamic optimisation, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) tools can automatically reoptimise processes as they change.
This report:

looks at the shift that is underway within the analytics market as telecom vendors develop telecoms-specific solutions
explains what the above shift is, the reasons behind the change and the implications for communications service providers (CSPs) and vendors
provides profiles of significant vendors in the market and a comparison of their approaches and tools.
AnalysysMason  AI  ML  telecoms 
september 2018
AI in telecommunications set to secure the ‘Augmented Human’ | Cambridge Consultants Feb 2018
"a new report, stating that the telecommunications sector will be an Artificial Intelligence (AI) pioneer, as many features of 5G networks and IoT networks will depend on AI techniques to reach their maximum potential"

"We expect to see data-led customisation: in healthcare with personalisation of treatments, in education with personalisation of teaching methods and curriculum, in entertainment with custom virtual reality games and maybe even in government. Of course, we also expect to see significant numbers of fully-autonomous vehicles on our roads and in our corridors transporting people and goods to where they are required."
ambridgeConsultants  AI  telecoms  spectrum  5G  IoT 
september 2018
Google Makes Its Special A.I. Chips Available to Others - The New York Times
"A few years ago, Google created a new kind of computer chip to help power its giant artificial intelligence systems. These chips were designed to handle the complex processes that some believe will be a key to the future of the computer industry.

On Monday, the internet giant said it would allow other companies to buy access to those chips through its cloud-computing service. Google hopes to build a new business around the chips, called tensor processing units, or T.P.U.s."
NYTimes  Google  AI  chips 
september 2018
Aspirin Late in Life? Healthy People May Not Need It - The New York Times, Sep 2018
"Should older people in good health start taking aspirin to prevent heart attacks, strokes, dementia and cancer?

No, according to a study of more than 19,000 people, including whites 70 and older, and blacks and Hispanics 65 and older. They took low-dose aspirin — 100 milligrams — or a placebo every day for a median of 4.7 years. Aspirin did not help them — and may have done harm."

"The new report is the latest in a recent spate of clinical trials that have been trying to determine who really should take aspirin. One study published in August found no benefit in low-risk patients. Another found that aspirin could prevent cardiovascular events in people with diabetes, but that the benefits were outweighed by the risk of major bleeding.

A third study found that dose matters, and that heavier people might require more aspirin to prevent heart attacks, strokes and cancer."
NYTimes  health  aging  aspirin 
september 2018
LEO-HTS Constellations Present Great Promise but Challenging Business Cases - NSR May 2018
"NSR’s industry-first Satellite Constellations: A Critical Analysis report, released today, forecasts a mixed outcome for large HTS constellations. NSR predicts two, out of the five Non-GEO HTS constellations analyzed, do not have a viable business case and will not be sustainable, if launched. The remaining three will generate 12% of overall satcom market revenues over the next decade. Costly systems and replenishment cycles, matched against funding challenges, demand questions, and extraordinary technical and regulatory complexity, will separate contenders from pretenders in the high stakes constellations market."

“The reduced launch and manufacturing costs are indeed enabling trends; however, there are still many challenges, like those associated with ground infrastructure costs and acquisition of landing rights, that must be overcome to build a feasible business model. The benefits from economies of scale, which mega-constellations rely upon, are generally not enough to counter these other challenges,”
NSR  market-research  business  satellite  HTS  NGSO  satellite-constellations 
september 2018
Why The Use Of Drones Still Faces Big Regulatory Hurdles - Forbes Sep 2018
"While the debate over drone regulation is in its early stages, there’s little doubt there will be a Grand Canyon-size gap between what industry would like in certification standards and what the FAA and other regulators are willing to approve.
In the end, a new category of air operator may emerge — companies that are certified and approved to operate larger drones… And that transition — from an open-access system of ownership and operation to one with similar controls and barriers to entry as aviation and aerospace manufacturing — may be tumultuous as companies vie for what is currently an elusive standard of certification."
Forbes  drones  UAS  regulation  FAA 
september 2018
5G experts discuss public vs private networks at URLLC event | PolicyTracker: Sep 2018
“The industry wants the control of a private network but the convenience of something that is managed as a service,” said Brendan Lynch...

"This provides a useful summary of the ongoing discussions between mobile providers and new market segments over how to roll out 5G verticals: public versus private networks. Although operators could ultimately benefit, given that they face a significant increase in the amount of data transmitted over their networks, opportunities could soon turn into challenges if they fail to address issues like liability, security or data protection."
5G  IoT  PolicyTracker 
september 2018
The battle for more satellite bandwidth - POLITICO
Tom Stroup pushes for satellite:

"... in some of the working groups there seems to be a disconnect between space policy and the role we play in 5G services and the spectrum that will be made available for 5G services and the need for harmonization throughout the world."
Politico  space  5G  satellite  SIA  interviews 
september 2018
Amid concerns, OneWeb gets vague about constellation’s cost - SpaceNews.com
Jeff Foust's summary: "Speaking at World Satellite Business Week, Eric Béranger, president and COO of OneWeb, would no longer affirm that the company's satellites would cost $500,000 each, instead saying the satellites would cost less than $1 million. Other analysts project the satellites to cost $700,000 to $900,000 each once large-scale production gets underway. OneWeb, meanwhile, has assigned the CEO role that Béranger prevuously had to Adrian Steckel, making Steckel OneWeb's fourth CEO is as many years. "

"OneWeb in 2015 set the goal of building 900 satellites for $500,000 each or less, with the total estimated cost of building, launching and operating the constellation at $3.5 billion. ... Asked by SpaceNews if the satellites could still come in under $500,000 each, Béranger said only that they were now “below $1 million” per unit. Industry analysts who follow OneWeb said as recently as August that OneWeb is looking at roughly $700,000 to $900,000 per satellite"

"OneWeb has raised $1.7 billion in equity since 2015, with Japanese tech giant SoftBank providing $1 billion of that total."
SpaceNews  OneWeb  satellite  NGSO  business  investing 
september 2018
The brain’s default mode network – what does it mean to us? Mar 2015
Marcus Raichle interviewed by Svend Davanger

"The default mode network is comprised of several areas of the cortex that are most active when no external tasks demand our attention"

"It was really surprising that, after the demanding tasks were completed, activity in these areas of the cortex increased again. The brain seemed to revert back to a default activity level, which is there in the absence of a specific, ongoing, external task"

"Many of the functions of the network are associated with our perception of our selves."

"It’s not only important to remember what’s important, but also to put a value on what’s important. The part of the default mode network up front, down almost between your eyes, just above your nose, has to do with deciding whether something is good, bad, or indifferent."

"Dreaming is mind-wandering disconnected. Why do we dream? Although there is no clear scientific answer, we cannot claim that dreams are just an inconvenience."

“To summarize the function of the three networks: the attention network makes it possible for us to relate directly to the world around us, i.e., here and now, and the default mode network makes it possible to relate to ourselves and our memories and previous experiences, i.e., the past and future. The salience network makes us switch between the two others according to our needs.”
neuroscience  default-mode-network  meditation  dreams  interviews 
september 2018
Kepler, Phasor test flat panel antenna with LEO cubesat - SpaceNews.com Sep 2018
"Startups Kepler Communications and Phasor said Sept. 10 that they successfully demonstrated a link between Kepler’s cubesat and a Phasor flat panel antenna."

The test, according to the companies, “represents the first example of a wideband [low-Earth orbit] satellite to have been auto-acquired, auto-tracked, and communicated with, by a commercial flat panel, electronically-steerable antenna.”

"the tests show the company should be able to achieve a 10 Mbps downlink, 10 Mbps uplink connection with a 30-square-centimeter Phasor antenna."
SpaceNews  Kepler  Phasor  satellite  NGSO  antennas  LEO 
september 2018
Dreaming and the Default Mode Network: Some Psychoanalytic Notes: Contemporary Psychoanalysis: Vol 49, No 2
Abstract

This article makes a brief contribution to the ongoing dialogue on dreams between neuroscience and psychoanalysis by linking several converging lines of evidence. Recent evidence indicates that the default mode network (DMN), a highly interconnected set of “hubs” in the brain, is active during sleep. In addition, activity in the DMN is strongly associated with mental imagery that is not directly tied to current perception (“stimulus-independent thought”), which is also a central feature of dreams. Finally, the elimination of dreams is correlated with lesions in areas that have a high degree of overlap with two regions of the DMN, the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the temporo-occipital junction. Given that the vmPFC is a key node in brain circuitry regulating motivation, these converging lines of evidence support the basic psychoanalytic idea that dreams arise from wishful impulses and other emotional motivations.
dreams  psychotherapy  neuroscience 
september 2018
The Path of Robotics Law by Jack M. Balkin :: SSRN May 2015
Via Blake Reid

"Lawrence Lessig's famous dictum that "Code is Law" argued that combinations of computer hardware and software, like other modalities of regulation, could constrain and direct human behavior. Robotics and AI present the converse problem. Instead of code as a law that regulates humans, robotics and AI feature emergent behavior that escapes human planning and expectations. Code is lawless. "
robotics  AI  law  cyberlaw 
september 2018
Editor’s Corner—3 reasons why Verizon’s big 5G launch is decidedly underwhelming | FierceWireless
"After years of discussing its 5G plans, and months of buildup and hype, Verizon finally took the wraps off of its first 5G commercial launch. And the results are uninspiring, to say the least."

1. Verizon is still going to have to do a truck roll.
2. Verizon isn’t providing 1 Gbps speeds.
3. Verizon is going to trash all this equipment next year anyway.

"If 5G is so great, why are Verizon’s 5G speeds so similar to those already available from the likes of Common Networks and Starry?"

"Now, to be clear, I’m not saying that Verizon’s new 5G Home service is going to fail. On the contrary, ... Further, Verizon has made it very clear that fixed wireless service is one small part of the overall 5G opportunity."
FierceWireless  5G  Verizon 
september 2018
Glossary - NOAA's National Weather Service
"This glossary contains information on more than 2000 terms, phrases and abbreviations used by the NWS. Many of these terms and abbreviations are used by NWS forecasters to communicate between each other and have been in use for many years and before many NWS products were directly available to the public. It is the purpose of this glossary to aid the general public in better understanding NWS products."
glossary  terminology  NOAA  meteorology 
september 2018
La Cité Idéale - Victor Micoud's Portfolio
via Aesthetica ?Jul 2018

"This serie showcases an empty scenery where the actor, the human being, is present only through the vision he has of his environment. The way this space is being built gives us clues about our conception of "living together", the contrary however, might also be possible: the environment could influence our behaviours and interactions.

The project originated from the questions Victor Micoud asked himself during his wanderings in the environment in which he has spent his life.

These photos show the threshold of a growing urbanization in the further outskirts of Paris, around EuroDisney, in the "ville nouvelle" of Marne-la-Vallée. Through a minimalist, symetric and clean aesthetic, he tries to depict the will of a rationalization of our way of lives, integrating always more our wills, needs and dreams. This comes down to planning the habits of a medium city-dweller, leaving always less space to spontaneity, the creativity of individual initiative. In the meantime, the space created seems full of illusions, built as a "décor", it gives the impression of breaking with standardization by changing colors, shapes and sizes, learning from the mistakes made in the past.


Disneyland is famous as the world of illusions. But do these illusions really stop at the limits of the park? or do they extend further, even among the streets of the cities built around it? This question is all the more relevant knowing that Disney is the owner of the area where those cities are built.


Where are those places, un-located, neutrals, disconnected from any context? Are they part of the real world or of an illusion we create of our future?"


- Josefina Jaureguiberry
AestheticaMagazine  photography  urbanism  art 
september 2018
Wi-Fi Gets More Secure: Everything You Need to Know About WPA3 - IEEE Spectrum
"WPA3, Enhanced Open, Easy Connect: The Wi-Fi Alliance's trio of new protocols explained"
security  technology  Wi-Fi  IEEE-Spectrum 
september 2018
BlackIoT: IoT Botnet of High Wattage Devices Can Disrupt the Power Grid | USENIX
Via Bruce Schneier

"We demonstrate that an Internet of Things (IoT) botnet of high wattage devices–such as air conditioners and heaters–gives a unique ability to adversaries to launch large-scale coordinated attacks on the power grid. In particular, we reveal a new class of potential attacks on power grids called the Manipulation of demand via IoT (MadIoT) attacks that can leverage such a botnet in order to manipulate the power demand in the grid. We study five variations of the MadIoT attacks and evaluate their effectiveness via state-of-the-art simulators on real-world power grid models. These simulation results demonstrate that the MadIoT attacks can result in local power outages and in the worst cases, large-scale blackouts. Moreover, we show that these attacks can rather be used to increase the operating cost of the grid to benefit a few utilities in the electricity market. This work sheds light upon the interdependency between the vulnerability of the IoT and that of the other networks such as the power grid whose security requires attention from both the systems security and power engineering communities."
IoT  utilities  electricity  infrastructure  hacking  cybersecurity  botnets 
september 2018
47 U.S. Code § 765f - Satellite auctions | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commission shall not have the authority to assign by competitive bidding orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision of international or global satellite communications services. The President shall oppose in the International Telecommunication Union and in other bilateral and multilateral fora any assignment by competitive bidding of orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision of such services.
satellite  auctions  legislation 
september 2018
The No. 1 Lifelong Habit Of Warren Buffett: The 5-Hour Rule, Michael Simmons, Sep 2018
"This article shares that answer.

By the end of it, you’ll have a clear path to adopting the 5-Hour Rule (deliberately learning for at least five hours per week) and moving much closer to Buffett’s more intensive Learner’s Lifestyle (making deliberate learning your No. 1 competitive advantage and getting essentially paid to learn)."
management  productivity  self-help  learning  * 
september 2018
First independent 5G results: Hundreds of megabits, not gigabits - Sep 2018
"Pal Zarandy, an always interesting analyst, tested Elisa's "world's first" 5G network from inside his office and outside with line of sight. The results were as expected: 5G at 3.5 GHz and Massive MIMO performs about the same as a good 4G network."

"This is the dirty secret of "5G." Almost all the claimed new uses can be met with 4G. Anyone who doesn't know that should ask an engineer."
Dave-Burstein  5G  3.5GHz  4G 
september 2018
Congress must grow to check the administrative state - AEI Sep 2018
"The rise of the administrative state and the corresponding decline in power of the legislative branch is much lamented, often by political conservatives, and rightly so. The executive branch so dominates policymaking that Congress often stands by as major aspects of public policy get rewritten without any change to underlying law. The country’s founders wanted the people’s representatives in the House and Senate to serve as checks on an overly assertive executive branch. Congress’s persistent failure to properly fulfill this essential constitutional role in recent years is one reason the nation’s politics are out of balance."
AEI  opinion  governance  US  politics 
september 2018
Vorticity - tutorials
Vorticity Basics
Relationship Between Vorticity and Divergence
What is DPVA?
Vorticity Misconceptions
Pressure Troughs and Shortwaves
What is a Shortwave Trough?
What is a Negatively Tilted Trough?
meteorology  weather  tutorial 
september 2018
How to Find Windows Spotlight Lock Screen Images - Jan 2016
The first tricky part is that the images are cached deep inside your User folder, and to find them, we’ll first need to enable the “show hidden files” option in File Explorer.
TekRevue  images  howto  Windows  Windows10  WindowsSpotlight 
september 2018
Sagano Bamboo Forest, Arashiyama, Japan - Bing
Windows 10 desktop image of the day, Fri/Sat 7/8 Sep 2018

"Although visitors to this place may feel like they’re a world away, they’re actually only a stone’s throw from urban hustle and bustle. Just beyond the western edge of Kyoto, Japan, lies the district of Arashiyama. The area is well known for beautiful natural scenery and attractions, including the Sagano Bamboo Forest. A walk along the paths of the forest is not just a visual treat—with daylight filtering through the thousands of green bamboo trunks—but a delight for the ears as well. As the wind blows through the forest, it creates a distinctive sound that is often cited as one of the most memorable aspects of the forest."
Bing  Japan  Travel 
september 2018
Orbcomm - Wikipedia
ORBCOMM (NASDAQ: ORBC) is an American company that offers industrial Internet of things (IoT) and machine to machine (M2M)[1] communications solutions designed to track, monitor, and control fixed and mobile assets in markets including transportation, heavy equipment, maritime, oil and gas, utilities and government. The company provides hardware devices, modems, web applications and data services delivered over multiple satellite and cellular networks.
Wikipedia  LEO  satellite 
september 2018
Russ Roberts on the Information Revolution, Politics, Yeats, and Yelling – Econlib
via Phil Weiser

"EconTalk host Russ Roberts does a monologue on how political discourse seems to have deteriorated in recent years and the growth in outrage, tribalism, and intolerance for those with different views from one's own. Roberts suggests that part of the problem is the revolution of the market for information caused by the internet that allows people to customize what they see to fit their own political narratives and worldview. In short, the market for news works to make us feel good rather than to help us to discover the truth. The monologue closes with some suggestions for how we might improve the way we consume information and interact with those we disagree with."
podcasts  economics  politics  US 
september 2018
Nokia warns that Trump’s China tariffs could impede U.S. 5G rollouts | FierceWireless
Nokia filed a warning with the FCC that President Trump's moves to levy tariffs on a wide variety of components from China could impede operators’ rollout of 5G network technology in the United States.

“Of particular concern to Nokia are the recent tariffs imposed on trade with China, which specifically target a wide range of components that are critical to 5G,” Nokia wrote in a recent filing to the FCC.
FierceWireless  Nokia  FCC  5G  China  trade  tariffs 
september 2018
South Africa opens door to spectrum liberalisation | PolicyTracker Sep 2018
"South Africa’s telecoms ministry has published a draft amendment to the Electronic Communications Act (ECA) that places significant emphasis on spectrum issues, with changes to access policies and licensing.

"The draft version of the amendment bill–to be presented to the South African parliament this week–includes measures designed to encourage spectrum liberalisation, such as plans to create a national wholesale open access network (WOAN) and to enable spectrum sharing, trading and refarming as well as the introduction of a “use it or lose it” licensing regime.

"The new act also gives the government, instead of the regulator ICASA, full control of the national radio plan. However, the Ministry of Telecommunications and Postal Services must still consult with the regulatory body on future actions."
spectrum  policy  South-Africa  PolicyTracker 
september 2018
Labor Day: Where does it come from? - CSMonitor.com
Labor Day dates back to 1882, when New York labor unions established a September parade. The first participants were heckled, but within 12 years, they'd won a national holiday.
CSMonitor  history  employment  holidays  labor 
september 2018
Using Satellite Data to Scale Smallholder Agricultural Insurance | CGAP Sep 2018
"This paper looks beyond the excitement of the vast possibilities for satellite data applications to promote scale in smallholder agricultural insurance. It documents lessons learned from using these data to reduce the costs and improve the quality of smallholder agricultural insurance in Nigeria and Kenya. "
CGAP  development-assistance  finance  insurance  satellite  agriculture  Nigeria  Kenya  remote-sensing  EO 
september 2018
Iridium NEXT-8 launch date dependent on satellite manufacturing, availability – NASASpaceFlight.com Sep 2018
"Iridium Communications is nearing the end of its two-year campaign with SpaceX to place 75 Iridium NEXT communication satellites into orbit. The company has launched 65 of those satellites to date, with the final 10 scheduled to launch on a Falcon 9 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, before the end of the year. The completion of the launch campaign will purposefully leave six NEXT satellites on the ground to serve as launch-replacement spares should they ever be needed over the life of the new constellation."

"The reason for the hiccup in launch processing for this final Iridium mission has to do with a specific and very important part that all of the Iridium NEXT satellites need."
NASASpaceflight  Iridium  launch 
september 2018
Quotes - Lions and tigers and bears, oh my!
This line is spoken by Dorothy, the Tin Man, and the Scarecrow, in the film The Wizard of Oz

Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NecK4MwOfeI
quotations  movies 
september 2018
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