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EC warns on state-backed threats to 5G - Mobile World Live
The European Commission (EC) highlighted significant security challenges arising from deployment of 5G networks following a wide-reaching risk assessment around the technology, in what is being regarded as a thinly-veiled swipe at Chinese vendors Huawei and ZTE.

Following risk assessments by the bloc’s 28 member states, the EC highlighted several security challenges it believes are likely to appear or become more prominent in 5G than in previous generations of mobile technology.
EC  EuropeanCommission  5G  Huawei  ZTE  cybersecurity  spectrum-vulnerability  China 
4 days ago by pierredv
(46) How useful is network slicing? | Wiilam Webb, LinkedIn, Oct 2019
Via Gabor, Oct 2019

"So is slicing as important as proponents suggest? Until we know what extra charge will apply for higher QoS, how extensive 5G coverage is, and how effective throttling and radio channel reservation can be, then it is hard to tell."
LinkedIn  William-Webb  5G  QoS 
7 days ago by pierredv
5G mobile network deployment - implications for MNOs and towercos - AnalysysMason Jul 2019
"The number of 5G deployments is increasing worldwide and these deployments are making use of new spectrum and new technologies. Mobile network operators (MNOs) and towercos will need to respond differently to the network architecture and infrastructure requirements for 5G. More specifically, MNOs need to fully understand the costs associated with 5G in terms of both capex (for example, new equipment) and opex (for instance, site rental), whereas towercos must consider how they can maximise revenue from their towers amidst changes to site configurations, while also identifying opportunities to address the changing infrastructure requirements of MNOs. This article discusses how mobile network deployment is changing in response to 5G technology and examines how these changes will affect MNOs and towercos."
AnalysysMason  cellular  5G  business 
13 days ago by pierredv
CTIA - Protecting America’s Next-Generation Networks
Executive Summary
The wireless industry has baked security into our networks since the beginning, and works diligently to continually update and build on our security capabilities with every generation of wireless. Today’s 4G LTE networks have the most advanced security features to date, and 5G will further improve upon them.

As 5G networks start to be deployed this year, wireless providers are leveraging new and advanced measures—after years of research, investment, and contributions to standards bodies—to secure 5G networks. This paper updates CTIA’s 2017 Protecting America’s Wireless Networks paper to feature 5G security highlights, including
CTIA  cellular  Wireless  security  5G 
19 days ago by pierredv
Is 5G a Solution in Search of a Problem? – Brink – The Edge of Risk - William Webb
"Original proponents of 5G suggested widespread use of virtual and augmented reality, autonomous cars that need low-latency gigabit connectivity, body-cams, ubiquitous internet of things and many services we cannot currently imagine. However the upgrade to 4G showed that charging customers more did not work. More critically, few consumers will see any benefit from 5G."

"A Poor Business Case for the Operator"

"5G appears to be another leap into the unknown. But unlike 3G, which happened during a tech bubble, 5G is happening in an era of austerity."
5G  hype  cellular 
27 days ago by pierredv
Why 5G requires new approaches to cybersecurity - Brookings, Tom Wheeler and David Simpson, Sep 2019
"The hyperbolic rhetoric surrounding the Chinese equipment issues is drowning out what should be a strong national focus on the full breadth of cybersecurity risk factors facing 5G."

"Policy leaders should be conducting a more balanced risk assessment, with a broader focus on vulnerabilities, threat probabilities, and impact drivers of the cyber risk equation."

"There are five ways in which 5G networks are more vulnerable to cyberattacks than their predecessors:"
1. moved away from centralized, hardware-based switching to distributed, software-defined digital routing
2. virtualizing in software higher-level network functions formerly performed by physical appliances
3. the network is also being managed by software—...—that itself can be vulnerable
4. dramatic expansion of bandwidth
5. IoT

Recommendations
#1: Companies must recognize and be held responsible for a new cyber duty of care
#2: Government must establish a new cyber regulatory paradigm to reflect the new realities
Brookings  5G  cybersecurity  risk-assessment 
5 weeks ago by pierredv
5G Real Security Threats Lost in Trump's Twitter Diplomacy - CircleID Sep 2019
"A new report on 5G and geopolitics by Oxford Information Labs details the complex landscape of 5G security. Importantly, it draws out how a variety of proven technical concerns around the quality of Huawei security practices and equipment are drowned out by the US' Twitter diplomacy."

"Critical international dialogue on genuine cybersecurity concerns relating to 5G and Huawei are being lost in the noise of the US-China trade war. This includes issues like network resiliency, attack surfaces, remote access, and the move to software-defined networks"

"... the evolution from 4G to 5G will be more complex than previous evolutions in mobile technology. For instance, rather than cookie-cutter networks, 5G implementations will be highly specialised and vulnerable to software exploits."
CircleID  Huawei  5G  security  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity 
5 weeks ago by pierredv
Study on using millimetre waves bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the Union - Publications Office of the EU
Final report - Study
Publication metadata

“Study on using mm-waves bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the Union (SMART 2017/0015)” The objective of the study was to explore the state of play and the prospects for the use of the mm-waves frequency bands for the 5G ecosystem in the Union, while taking into account also the prospective use of these bands in other geographical regions, in view of the ITU World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (WRC 19). In line with the policy priorities of the European Union, the study has explored the potential services that would make use of mm-wave bands and their respective demand, with a focus on the 24.25-27.5 GHz ('26 GHz') ‘pioneer’ band in order to strengthen the prospects of using this band for 5G. In addition, synergies with the use of the adjacent '28 GHz' band for fixed terrestrial and/or satellite services have been explored such as the potential development of hybrid terrestrial-satellite systems. The study has also analysed the co-existence scenarios between incumbent (mainly satellite) and terrestrial 5G services in the 26 GHz band and assessed the prospects for the evolution of the business environment alongside the progressive deployment of terrestrial 5G services. It has addressed business-related and regulatory aspects (such as authorisation) and assessed the potential health effects due to exposure to the electromagnetic fields (EMF) of mm-wave spectrum. The findings of the Study have contributed to assessing the impacts of the Commission implementing decision for designating the 26 GHz pioneer band for wireless broadband electronic communications services in the Union under harmonised technical conditions suitable for 5G. This measure is a follow-up of to the 5G Action Plan (5GAP) and the European Electronic Communications Code. Furthermore, the results of the study will contribute to the assessment of opportunities of usage of other mm-wave bands for electronic communications and other relevant services, in line with the 5GAP and the opinion of the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG).
EU  Scott-Marcus  5G  EMF-exposure  health 
7 weeks ago by pierredv
5gs Waveform Is A Battery Vampire - IEEE Spectrum Jul 2019
"Wireless standards are frequently updated, and in the next 5G release, the industry could address concerns that OFDM may draw too much power in 5G devices and base stations. That’s a problem, because 5G is expected to require far more base stations to deliver service and connect billions of mobile and IoT devices."

"So how did 5G get into a potentially power-guzzling mess? OFDM plays a large part ... OFDM has a high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR)"

"One promising alternative that Yuan’s group is considering, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), could deliver the advantages of OFDM while also overlapping users on the same spectrum."
IEEE-Spectrum  5G  3GPP 
8 weeks ago by pierredv
5G security enhancements take aim at emerging threats | FierceWireless Jul 2019
"While complex 5G networks present an expanded threat surface for potential security attacks, enhancements in the next-generation technology also provide transformational security safeguards, according to 5G Americas president Chris Pearson."

"5G Americas, along with project leaders from AT&T and Cisco, released a white paper (PDF) Wednesday detailing 5G security threats, enhancements and standards development meant to handle more stringent protections that will be required by new services and applications."

"Specific 5G security enhancements, according to 5G Americas, include:

Unified authentication framework that enables seamless mobility across different access technologies and support of concurrent connections
User privacy protection for vulnerable information often used to identify and track subscribers
Secure Service-Based Architecture and slice isolation, optimizing security that prevents threats from spreading to other network slices
Native support for secure steering of roaming (SoR), allowing operators to steer customers to preferred partner networks, which improves customer experience, reduces roaming charges, and prevents roaming fraud
Improved SS7 and Diameter protocols for roaming
Improved rogue base station detection and mitigation
Additional proprietary operator and vendor analytics for more layers of security
"
5G  cybersecurity  cyber-spectrum  FierceWireless 
10 weeks ago by pierredv
What Are the Top 5G Security Challenges? - SDxCentral
Via Scott Fox, Jul 2019

"The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport of the United Kingdom government released a technical report on 5G architecture and security in December 2018. It outlined four security mechanisms 5G networks need to meet.

First, cross-layer security. A unified framework is needed to coordinate different security methods for each security layer, such as applications or the IoT.

Then, end-to-end security. There should be a secure connection for the communication paths between the user and the core network. The distributed nature of 5G networks makes this challenging.

Cross-domain security is a must. 5G networks create a massive amount of novel use cases with unique requirements. Since the vertical market will only grow in order to fulfill those novel use cases, the report calls for cooperation between those in the 5G system to enact integrated security solutions that go across domains.

Finally, the concept of secure-by-design. As the network changes and evolves, security must be built into the design during development."
5G  cybersecurity  cyber-spectrum 
july 2019 by pierredv
Ericsson's 5G Business Potential report - Ericsson
"5G presents an opportunity for telecom operators to tap into new revenue streams emerging from the digitalization of industries. Our report The 5G business potential shows operators can benefit from up to USD 619 billion market opportunity globally in 2026."
Ericsson  IoT  5G 
june 2019 by pierredv
5G FWA: more of a challenge than a complement to fixed broadband, AnalysysMason Jun 2019
"Operators tend to think about 5G fixed–wireless access (FWA) in one of two ways:

as a complementary technology, useful only where fibre or cable is uneconomical
as a challenger technology, good enough to exploit deficiencies in existing fixed broadband supply and pricing."

"In neither case is anyone really talking about 5G fully replacing the fixed networks: it is more a matter of degree. Our study suggests that the market opportunity is for about 20–30% of broadband connections in developed economies by 2023, higher in emerging ones. That is an addressable market of 290 million static locations. We forecast that the challenger opportunity will be about twice as large as the complementary opportunity"

"I have argued elsewhere that the capacity angle to 5G tends to get overshadowed by – sometimes incompatible – longer-term thinking centred on new use cases and service-based slicing. The operators that emphasise this brave new world are usually the largest, with deep investment in FTTP or cable. Mobile-only operators often see it differently, and they see the potential immediate, more old-world, benefits of 5G as a capacity play."
AnalysysMason  5G  FWA  business-models  cellular 
june 2019 by pierredv
Marek’s Take: Network slicing is a security nightmare for operators | FierceWireless
“Even if you put security to one side, operationalizing network slicing with any kind of agility, at any kind of scale, is going to be very complex. When you then add in the security requirements — as you have to — that adds yet more complexity,” said Patrick Donegan, founder and principal analyst with HardenStance.

"And 5G networks alone have more security challenges than 3G and 4G networks. . . . each network function has a very large number of secured trusted relationships that have to be up and running continuously."

"But it’s unclear which entity will ultimately be responsible for the security of a network slice. Will it be the underlying operator? Or the enterprise/MVNO that is operating the slice?"

"... there are new players entering the space that see network slicing as an opportunity. For example, cloud providers may be able to offer a solution to this complex undertaking ... [Oracle]"
FierceWireless  5G  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  opinion 
june 2019 by pierredv
It’s a wrap: FCC concludes first set of high-band auctions, raising $2.7B | FierceWireless May 2019
the Spectrum Frontiers auctions of the 24 GHz and 28 GHz bands raised more than $2.7 billion in gross bids. Combined, 55 applicants were qualified to bid, and the winning bidders won 5,869 licenses, according to the FCC.
FCC  FierceWireless  5G  mmwave  spectrum-auctions  24GHz  28GHz 
may 2019 by pierredv
Karl Rove and a Pitch for a Nationwide 5G Network Tailor-Made for Trump’s 2020 Campaign | The New Yorker, May 2019
"The D.O.D. spectrum, which is set aside by the government for classified, unclassified, and emergency communications, blankets the country but is often unused. Rivada wants to monetize it—minute by minute, hour by hour, as needed, to telecom and other companies—and share the proceeds with the government. (If the military needs the airwaves, Rivada’s software would automatically bounce commercial users.)"

"If Rivada’s proposal were to be adopted, it would create a new asset class—bandwidth—that could be traded on the commodities market, like oil or soybeans. And it would make Rivada, which holds patents to run this market (a process known as dynamic spectrum arbitrage), an extremely lucrative company."

"... as Thomas Hazlett, a professor at Clemson University, who specializes in the information economy, told me, “Trump is a target of opportunity on this. Certainly, his predilections for overturning normal processes are known. The idea is that you have this kind of special project, and it goes against the liberalization trend at the F.C.C., and you tie it to national security and all these other issues. The political system would seem to be ripe for that.”"
NewYorker  5G  Rivada  DoD 
may 2019 by pierredv
(88) If You Don’t Know, Now You Know: 5G | The Daily Show - YouTube
"accelerate and interconnect everything"
4G "boost of $100 bn in GDP"
5G  TheDailyShow  satire  humor 
may 2019 by pierredv
Cliff Mass Weather and Climate Blog: Will 5G Undermine Weather Prediction?
potential harm to U.S. and worldwide numerical weather prediction by interfering with the 23.8 GHz band is certainly real, but difficult to quantify
Cliff-Mass  5G  interference  NOAA  MetSat  EarthObservation  EO 
may 2019 by pierredv
Protecting 5G against IMSI catchers - Ericsson Jun 2017
"IMSI catchers are devices used to intercept wireless traffic and trace subscribers by their long-term identifiers (IMSIs). While the phenomenon is often exaggerated, IMSI catchers do pose a threat to subscriber privacy. On-going 5G standardization done in 3GPP is a golden opportunity to improve subscribers’ privacy by constructing a protocol architecture that protects against IMSI catchers."

"The mobile device needs to transmit its long-term identifier IMSI to the network at times. The concept we propose builds on an old idea that the mobile device encrypts its IMSI using home network’s asymmetric key before it is transmitted over the air-interface."
Ericsson  cyber-spectrum  5G  IMSI-catchers  spoofing 
may 2019 by pierredv
Fighting IMSI catchers: A look at 5G cellular paging security - Ericsson May 2019
"The latest 5G standard includes several new privacy safeguards against IMSI catchers or Stingrays. By design, the new standard protects against privacy attacks in the UPLINK (through a concealed long-term identifier called SUCI). In addition, it also ensures the privacy of paging message distribution in the DOWNLINK. This latest built-in privacy enhancement is the joint effort of many working groups across 3GPP and mitigates the risk of the newest 5G-capable devices being identified or tracked via, for example, side-channel information in 5G cellular paging protocol."

"In one of our earlier blog posts, we wrote about protecting 5G against IMSI catchers, which is a significant privacy enhancement introduced for the 5G standard in the UPLINK direction. . . . In this blog post, we introduce the 5G standard's DOWNLINK privacy enhancements, specifically in the 5G cellular paging protocols."

"While in 4G paging timing was determined based on a long-term identifier (called IMSI), now in 5G they are determined based on a temporary identifier (called 5G-S-TMSI). . . . The effect of this change is that it becomes infeasible for an over-the-air attacker to deduce information about a device's long-term identifier by monitoring the air interface and detecting which paging occasions the device is monitoring. "

"While in 4G, the paging identifier could be either a long-term or a temporary identifier, on 5G networks, it can only be a temporary identifier."

"While in 4G, it is optional to refresh the temporary identifier - the S-TMSI - after paging, on 5G networks it becomes compulsory to refresh the 5G-S-TMSI. "
Ericsson  5G  cyber-spectrum  IMSI-catchers  surveillance  cybersecurity 
may 2019 by pierredv
5G - Real Satcom Opportunity or Trojan Horse? - NSR May 2019
"Can satellites participate in the 5G ecosystem? Are there tangible market opportunities for satcom in 5G, or is it just a continuation of an endless fight for spectrum?"

"5G can certainly become the next driver of growth for satcom and, according to NSR’s Wireless Backhaul and 5G via Satellite, 13th Edition report, 1 out of every 3 new $ in capacity revenues for Backhaul in the next 10 years will be directly attributed to 5G."

"All in all, satellite can meet 5G requirements. In fact, 5G won’t realize its full potential without satellite as it will be a key enabling technology in use cases like mobility or ubiquitous connectivity. The true benefit of 5G for satellite is that it opens the opportunity to seamlessly integrate with ground networks."

"C-Band reassignment is a double-edged sword. While the windfall can be very generous (if governments really let it happen), there is certain contagion risk and, more importantly, it can add further instabilities to a market with enormous pressure already."
NSR  satellite  5G 
may 2019 by pierredv
Many countries concerned about possibility of 5G side effects - PolicyTracker May 2019
"Electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure limits may become an additional challenge for the next generation of mobile networks.

“There are growing worries about EMF exposure and 5G,” said Gilles Brégant, director general of France’s national spectrum agency ANFR.

Switzerland, for example, has agreed to have the federal environmental agency measure radiation levels, assess the risks and regularly inform the public about its findings."

"Carriers fear that public perceptions could cause governments to step in – which could ultimately hamper 5G rollouts. Major players such as Telefónica, Vodafone and AT&T warned shareholders in recent financial reports that public health concerns might have an impact on their revenues."
PolicyTracker  EMF  5G 
may 2019 by pierredv
Key ETSI official calls for reform of standards body - PolicyTracker: May 2019
"The mobile broadband global standards body, the 3GPP, could collapse under its own weight unless it changes its working practices, says European Telecommunications Standards Institute CTO Adrian Scrase.

He told the Brooklyn 5G Summit that the greater magnitude of work created by 5G is a big challenge for 3GPP. Not only has the technology become more sophisticated and complicated, but the number of interested stakeholders has increased. This is reflected by the number of input documents, which increased from around 100,000 in 2017 to 120,000 in 2018."
PolicyTracker  5G  ETSI  3GPP 
may 2019 by pierredv
Global 5G wireless networks threaten weather forecasts - Nature, Apr 2019
The US government has begun auctioning off blocks of wireless radio frequencies to be used for the next-generation mobile communications network known as 5G. But some of these frequencies lie close to those that satellites use for crucial Earth observations — and meteorologists are worried that 5G transmissions from cellphones and other equipment could interfere with their data collection.
5G  NatureJournal  Interference  meteorology  NASA  NOAA 
may 2019 by pierredv
FCC Chairman Pai: Private sector should build 5G; security is key issue | FierceWireless
"Looking at the bigger picture, “we believe 5G security issues need to be addressed upfront,” he said in prepared remarks. “Making the right choices when deployment is beginning is much easier than trying to correct mistakes once network construction and operation is well underway. Moreover, decisions that impact 5G security need to be made with the long term in mind. Focusing too heavily on short-term considerations could result in choices that are penny-wise but pound foolish.”"
FierceWireless  5G  security  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  FCC  Ajit-Pai 
may 2019 by pierredv
The U.S. Government Shouldn’t Run the Country’s 5G Network - Larry Downes, HBR Apr 2019
"Leading Wall Street analysts have expressed skepticism about the business case for 5G, noting the absence, at least so far, of the kind of killer apps that drove rapid consumer adoption of 3G and 4G networks — text messaging for the former and video and software apps for the latter."

"So, if Washington really sees a connection between infrastructure, competitiveness, and national security, it should focus its attention and limited dollars on the physical networks."
HBR  Larry-Downes  5G 
may 2019 by pierredv
The 5G contradiction and lessons from fixed networks - AnalysysMason Apr 2019
"What really drives interest in 5G slicing is not efficiency, but the lure of price discrimination; this has always been operators’ dream, but it always fails to deliver on the commercial promise."
"What really drives interest in 5G slicing is not efficiency, but the lure of price discrimination; this has always been operators’ dream, but it always fails to deliver on the commercial promise."

"Bandwidth in modern wireline networks is not a scarce resource, and very few applications other than voice need more than best-efforts. This will also be true for 5G networks. It is useful to remember that, as the 5G era dawns, the average busy-hour usage per mobile subscriber in South Korea is about 35kbps, and that the average 4G macrocell bandwidth utilisation in modern economies such as Germany is less than 10Mbps."

"It is therefore perhaps better for MNOs to embrace 5G as a high-capacity dumb pipe, and to use it for low-yield but bandwidth-hungry services such as fixed–wireless access. 5G makes mobile a more effective fixed broadband substitute, so there are real organic revenue growth opportunities for mobile services. This is neither smart nor ‘efficient’, but rather wasteful in a positive way, and likely to end in less commercial disappointment than trying, once again, to make smart monetisation work."
AnalysysMason  5G  NetNeutrality 
april 2019 by pierredv
The Terrifying Potential of the 5G Network | The New Yorker - apr 2019
"The future of wireless technology holds the promise of total connectivity. But it will also be especially susceptible to cyberattacks and surveillance."
NewYorker  5G  cybersecurity 
april 2019 by pierredv
mmWave 5G real-world deployments will require very dense networks: report | FierceWireless apr 2019
"Moore conducted his tests using the Motorola Z3 handset with the 5G Moto Mod adapter. Verizon gave him a list of nine cells, and he tested about six of them while walking around Chicago.

Moore said he received a top speed of 500 Mbps during his tests. “It’s very zippy under favorable conditions with line of sight,” he said, but added that mmWave doesn’t penetrate obstacles and it doesn’t travel far."

“Moore said he tested the signal speed through a pane of glass in a restaurant that was only about 25 yards away from a cell node. “I found that the speeds were roughly halved from what I was getting outside on the street,” he said. The initial real-world 5G network tests make clear the 5G networks that use mmWave spectrum will face a lot of challenges. “It requires a very, very dense network,” Moore said.”
FierceWireless  propagation  mmwave  5G 
april 2019 by pierredv
Gather round, friends. Listen close. It's time to list the five biggest lies about 5G • The Register
Comment We thought the hype over next-generation mobile broadband networks couldn't get much thicker, but we were wrong. So let's just jump into the five biggest lies about 5G.
TheRegister  5G  hype 
april 2019 by pierredv
AT&T’s Project AirGig could extend 5G mmWave signals | FierceWireless Apr 2019
"5G may be the ultimate winner of Project AirGig, the AT&T-led initiative that uses power lines to deliver superfast internet service. Although AT&T doesn’t yet have plans to commercially deploy AirGig, the company is planning on more trials this year that will involve 5G. AT&T is also currently working with vendors and technology partners to build commercial-grade 5G equipment for those trials."
AT&T  AirGig  5G  FierceWireless 
april 2019 by pierredv
China’s Huawei bigfooted U.S. companies in 5G technology - The Washington Post apr 2019
"As U.S. officials have pressured allies not to use networking gear from Chinese technology giant Huawei over spying concerns, President Trump has urged American companies to “step up” and compete to provide the next generation of high-speed, low-lag wireless service known as 5G.

There’s just one problem: Barely any U.S. companies manufacture the technology’s most critical components."

"... four companies, Sweden’s Ericsson, Finland’s Nokia and China’s Huawei and ZTE, account for two-thirds of the global market for telecom equipment, according to analyst estimates."

"Motorola and Lucent’s wireless infrastructure businesses were soon gobbled up by Finland’s Nokia and France’s Alcatel, respectively. One reason the European companies proved so successful, Entner said, was because the European industry agreed from the start to develop a common standard for wireless communication, known as GSM, that all European telecoms would share."

"To give another perspective on Huawei’s enormous influence, the company’s chief rivals, Nokia and Ericsson, account for 17 percent and 13 percent of the global market for telecom equipment, respectively, according to figures compiled by the research firm Dell’Oro Group.

Huawei’s market share, at 29 percent, is nearly as large as both of them combined."

"As Huawei has invested in its own research and development, even Western telecom companies acknowledge that Huawei’s products are as good as — if not better than — competing equipment from Nokia or Ericsson."

"With the support of China’s state-owned development bank, Huawei also has been able to undercut competitors with attractive financing for its products. "

"It doesn’t hurt that Huawei serves a massive domestic market in China, which grants it tremendous advantages of scale that many tech companies, including American ones, are hungry to access themselves."
5G  Huawei  WashingtonPost 
april 2019 by pierredv
Furuno to launch single-band GNSS receivers for 5G - GPS World : GPS World
Furuno Electric Co. Ltd., based in Nishinomiya, Japan, has developed the GT-88 timing module and GF-8801/02/03/04/05 disciplined oscillator for users who require UTC time-synchronized signals to meet the new 5G requirements.
5G  cellular  GPS 
april 2019 by pierredv
EC outlines 5G security plan as Huawei escapes ban - Mobile World Live Mar 2019
"The European Commission (EC) unveiled a plan recommending the European Union’s (EU) 28 countries adopt a common approach to security of future 5G networks, as it sidestepped US calls for a ban on Chinese vendor Huawei."
5G  EC  EuropeanCommission  Huawei 
march 2019 by pierredv
AT&T’s “5G E” is actually slower than Verizon and T-Mobile 4G, study finds | Ars Technica
AT&T's "5G E" service is slightly slower than Verizon's and T-Mobile's advanced 4G LTE networks, a study by OpenSignal has found.

"AT&T's network name change may well trick consumers into thinking they're getting better service than a 4G operator, but they aren't. We already knew that 5G E has no technological advantage over LTE-Advanced, because they are the same thing with different names. But actual speed tests could reinforce that point."
ArsTechnica  AT&T  5G  hype 
march 2019 by pierredv
Next release of CBRS specs will support 5G | FierceWireless Mar 2019
"Just as OnGo-branded commercial services are preparing for takeoff, the CBRS Alliance announced that it’s starting work on a new release to support CBRS over 5G.

The organization said that Release 3 will address support for 5G deployments using shared spectrum in the 3.5 GHz band, complementing the 5G New Radio (5G NR) air interface developed by the 3GPP to support a variety of 5G services, devices and deployments. (It’s worth noting that many of the contributors to the specs are affiliated with both the 3GPP and CBRS Alliance.)

The alliance actually started doing a call for 5G contributions a little while back, so the work is not in its infancy, but the 5G work is going to take a while to complete, according to Chris Stark, chairman of the CBRS Alliance."
FierceWireless  5G  CBRS 
march 2019 by pierredv
Using a COTS SDR as a 5G Development Platform | 2019-02-08 | Microwave Journal
This article is intended to familiarize radio engineers with the use of a multi-purpose commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) platform for software-defined radio (SDR) that can reduce development time for 5G.

COTS SDR has been traditionally used in military radar and communications applications for high performance and design flexibility. The latest COTS SDR products offer solutions with integrated I/O, ARM processors and large FPGAs that also include intellectual property (IP) for accessing, routing and processing digital data. These attributes, combined with superior signal integrity, phase-coherent sampling and multi-channel transceivers, make a COTS SDR system an ideal choice for a 5G development platform.
MicrowaveJournal  COTS  SDR  5G 
march 2019 by pierredv
Overhyped 5G is being 'rushed', Britain's top comms boffin reckons • The Register, Mar 2019
If anyone knows the state of play in 5G, it's Regius Professor Rahim Tafazolli, director and founder at the Institute of Communication Systems and 5G Innovation Centre at the University of Surrey, and the government's go-to man for mobile technology. But he warned today that the industry was being too hasty in proclaiming the revolution.
TheRegister  5G  hype 
march 2019 by pierredv
Five Inconvenient Facts about the Migration to 5G Wireless - CircleID Mar 2019
"How do these prescriptions promote competition and help consumers? Plain and simple, they do not, but that does not stop well-funded campaigns from convincing us that less competition is better. Set out below, I offer five obvious but obscured truths. "
Rob-Frieden  5G  hype  CircleID 
march 2019 by pierredv
5G handsets are here but are the networks ready? | PolicyTracker: Feb 2019
"The mobile trade association GSMA says that LTE will continue to see strong growth in the coming years. It expects 4G to account for 60 per cent of global connections by 2025, while 5G will only make up 15 per cent of the global total during the same period."

"Building 5G networks is a huge investment, the GSMA says. Afke Schaart, Vice President and head of Europe, Russia and CIS at the association, claims that the rollout of 5G in Europe will cost €500 billion. "

“3.5 GHz with massive MIMO has better coverage than 1.8 GHz.”
5G  4G  GSMA  PolicyTracker 
march 2019 by pierredv
Is upgrading to 5G becoming a problem for wireless companies? | Fox News
" T-Mobile was hoping to unveil the country's first big-scale 5-G network at this week's Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, but the company came up short, announcing their network launch has been delayed until at least the second half of the year."

"at least a half-dozen handset makers saying they'll have phones ready for the new wireless system this year. The problem is that most of those phones aren't compatible with many of the major carriers' 5-G networks, and T-Mobile says the lack of handsets that can connect to the company's low-frequency spectrum is the cause for their delay"
FoxNews  5G  hype  T-Mobile 
march 2019 by pierredv
ToRPEDO Privacy Attack on 4G/5G Networks Affects All U.S. Carriers | Threatpost | Feb 2019
"Privacy-breaking flaws in the 4G and 5G mobile protocols could allow attackers to intercept calls, send fake amber alerts or other notifications, track location and more, according to a research team from Purdue University and the University of Iowa."

"The researchers uncovered three connected types of attacks that use this paging mechanism. The primary attack, dubbed ToRPEDO (short for TRacking via Paging mEssage DistributiOn), can be used to verify the location of a specific device. Attackers could also inject fake paging messages and mount denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, the team said.

Two other attacks enabled by ToRPEDO, the IMSI-Cracking attack and PIERCER (short for Persistent Information ExposuRe by the CorE netwoRk), allow an adversary to fully uncover the victim’s unique International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) number, if the phone number is known — opening the door to targeted user location-tracking."

"The TMSI is randomly assigned by the MME and is used to cloak the IMSI from side-channel attacks. The TMSI is supposed to change on a regular basis; however, previous sniffing attacks have been demonstrated that take advantage of the fact that this is not always the case."

"Beyond imprecise location-tracking and device status, ToRPEDO opens the door to much more serious attacks. For instance, once the attacker knows the victim’s paging occasion from ToRPEDO, the attacker can hijack the victim’s paging channel."

"Also, the researchers were able to validate that a tweet mentioning the victim’s Twitter handle triggers paging if the victim sets the Twitter app with push notifications on. This allows the attacker to associate a Twitter persona with a specific phone and phone number – and this likely extends to other services with push notifications, allowing he or she to start building a personal profile of the victim."

"Fortunately, each of the attacks have specific inherent mitigations."

In a paper presented at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona this week, the researchers explained that the issues arise from weaknesses in the cellular paging (broadcast) protocol. They started with the fact that when a mobile device is in its idle, low-power state, it will conserve battery life partly by polling for pending services only periodically.
5G  4G  privacy  IMSI  sniffing  surveillance  cyber-spectrum  spectrum-vulnerability 
february 2019 by pierredv
Researchers Demonstrate Serious Privacy Attacks on 4G and 5G Protocols
A group of academic researchers have revealed a design weakness in the 4G/5G protocol which can be exploited by an attacker to identify the victim's presence in a particular cell area just from the victim's soft-identity such as phone number and Twitter handle. "Any person with a little knowledge of cellular paging protocols can carry out this attack," said Syed Rafiul Hussain, one of the co-authors of the paper, told TechCrunch.

The abstract below from the paper released today called "Privacy Attacks to the 4G and 5G Cellular Paging Protocols Using Side Channel Information" specifies the dangers of the discovered vulnerability.
cyber-spectrum  spectrum-vulnerability  4G  5G  CircleID 
february 2019 by pierredv
Japanese operators vie for lower band 5G spectrum | PolicyTracker: Feb 2019
"Japan’s forthcoming spectrum award will be the first for 5G decided by a beauty contest rather than an auction. This is not the only thing that makes it unusual. "

"Over the past 12 to 18 months, Japan has debated the possible use of auctions to assign spectrum but ultimately decided to maintain its favoured approach of using beauty contests. Other countries have used auctions for 5G but Japan is sticking with what it knows best."

"MIC is awarding six blocks of 100 MHz in the more desirable lower bands (3.7 GHz and 4.5 GHz), and four blocks of 400 MHz at 28 GHz."

"Also interesting is MIC’s decision to pick out some frequency ranges for industry or specific applications."

"The government has complained recently about high mobile prices. Senior officials have accused operators of using spectrum, a public asset, in the pursuit of excess profits."
PolicyTracker  5G  Japan  spectrum-auctions  mmwave 
february 2019 by pierredv
Will 5G live up to the hype? It depends who you ask | PolicyTracker: Feb 2019
Verizon CEO Hans Vestberg, for example, told the CES show in Las Vegas that “5G will change everything”. “We’re going to see a technology change that is going to transform people, businesses and society,” he said.

At the same tech convention, AT&T CEO John Donovan confirmed that the mobile carrier would switch the “LTE” indicator to “5G E” (for evolution) when users connect to the operator’s faster LTE network.

The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) also recently published a report that highlights spectrum management issues, infrastructure sharing, access costs and investment incentives as key issues to consider for 5G success.
“A viable case for investment in 5G can be made for densely populated urban areas… [but] rural and suburban areas are less likely to enjoy 5G investment, and this will potentially widen the digital divide,” it says.

It has also warned regulators against premature 5G deployments. “The need for 5G is not immediate,” notes the report.
PolicyTracker  5G  hype  Verizon  AT&T  ITU  DigitalDivide 
february 2019 by pierredv
Are more MNOs starting to consider shared mobile networks? | PolicyTracker: Feb 2019
"An increasing number of mobile operators are proposing a pragmatic solution for the lack of investment in 5G and high network rollout costs: sharing networks. "

"Spain’s fourth largest mobile network operator (MNO) MásMóvil and regional network provider Euskaltel recently struck a deal to build a 5G pilot shared network."

"Last year, South Africa’s Vodacom and Telkom also reached a network sharing deal. The agreement will allow Telkom customers to roam on Vodacom’s 2G, 3G, and 4G networks from June 2019."

"But Mexico seems to be ahead of almost everyone, as only Rwanda has built a national wholesale mobile network before.

Red Compartida (‘shared network’ in Spanish)–which went live in March 2018–offers broadband to all of Mexico’s telecom carriers, in a move to expand mobile coverage, lower consumer prices and reduce 5G deployment costs."

"Although shared networks remain relatively rare, sharing infrastructure is becoming more common among mobile providers. O2 and Vodafone have just signed an extension to their current network sharing deal in the UK to cover 5G."
PolicyTracker  5G  infrastructure  infrastructure-sharing  cellular  Mexico  Spain  Rwanda  South-Africa 
february 2019 by pierredv
New security flaw impacts 5G, 4G, and 3G telephony protocols | ZDNet, Jan 2019
"A new vulnerability has been discovered in the upcoming 5G cellular mobile communications protocol. Researchers have described this new flaw as more severe than any of the previous vulnerabilities that affected the 3G and 4G standards."

"Further, besides 5G, this new vulnerability also impacts the older 3G and 4G protocols, providing surveillance tech vendors with a new flaw they can abuse to create next-gen IMSI-catchers that work across all modern telephony protocols."

According to "a research paper named "New Privacy Threat on 3G, 4G, and Upcoming5G AKA Protocols," published last year. ..., the vulnerability impacts AKA, which stands for Authentication and Key Agreement, a protocol that provides authentication between a user's phone and the cellular networks."

"Instead of intercepting mobile traffic metadata, this new vulnerability reveals details about a user's mobile activity, such as the number of sent and received texts and calls, allowing IMSI-catcher operators to create profiles for each smartphone holder."

"For example, two other academic studies from French and Finnish researchers also found that IMSI-catcher attacks are still possible against the upgraded 5G-AKA protocol, despite 3GPP's claims."
ZDNet  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  spectrum-vulnerability  3G  4G  5G  StingRay  IMSI-catchers  3GPP 
february 2019 by pierredv
China tries to control expectations of 5G ahead of rollout - Asia Times Jan 2-19
• “Huawei founder urges patience, tolerance if initial 5G launch fails to live up to the hype”

• “On Monday, party mouthpieces the People’s Daily and the Global Times ran op-eds in a bid to manage people’s expectations, saying that the nation’s 5G deployment would be gradual and that most people would have to stick to the current 4G technology longer than they might think.”

• “Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei was realistic in a recent interview, saying that many could have overrated his company’s capabilities as well as its 5G technologies and hardware.”
AsiaTimes  Huawei  5g  hype 
january 2019 by pierredv
Brussels urges EU member states to accelerate 5G spectrum assignments | PolicyTracker: spectrum news, research and training
"The head of DG Connect, which is part of the European Commission, has branded Europe’s current assignment of 5G spectrum “unacceptable” and urged countries to make more frequencies available. Roberto Viola used his keynote speech at this year’s European 5G conference to reiterate the Commission’s position on 5G and argue that member states need to move faster in assigning spectrum."

Viola quote: “The situation in the 700 MHz band is quite impressive; it’s equally impressive in the 3.5 GHz band, but it is devastating in the 26 GHz band. This is not acceptable.”

"The comments were made in the wake of the adoption of the European Electronic Communications Code, which turned 2020 targets into a legal obligation. All EU countries must now clear and assign 5G pioneer frequency bands (700 MHz, 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz) by the end of 2020."

"Moreover, Viola said he believed the “5G hype is justified” because it will become “the glue” which holds together all future technologies such as artificial intelligence, blockchain and advanced computing."

"Chinese manufacturer Huawei has again asked for patience and tolerance if initial 5G launches don’t live up to expectations."
PolicyTracker  EU  EC  Spectrum  5G  EuropeanCommission  Huawei 
january 2019 by pierredv
Telecoms, media and digital economy prediction trends 2019 - AnalysysMason Jan 2019
Here are the headline predictions for 2019 from Analysys Mason Research:

5G: there will be many commercial 5G launches but consumers will not notice
IoT: the market for IoT connectivity will continue to develop and new models will appear
Enterprises: operators will buy IT operations to expand portfolios and there will be many SD-WAN launches
Small and medium-sized businesses: this market will streamline with DaaS and cloud apps
Homes: the battle for control of the emerging home ecosystem will intensify
Digital transformation: operators will offer mobile apps for customer care, and will push into edge computing and network slicing
Artificial intelligence: automation will lead operators to cut jobs and MSPs will capitalise on the needs of SMBs
Investor value: business simplification initiatives will enable telecoms operators worldwide to reduce headcount
AnalysysMason  prediction  IoT  5G  AI 
january 2019 by pierredv
Japanese MNO says many partners misunderstand 5G | PolicyTracker Jan 2019
"Speaking at the European 5G conference, Takehiro Nakamura, senior vice president and general manager for the company’s 5G laboratories, said it was important that the telecoms industry offers a realistic view of early 5G deployments."

"According to Nakamura, who presented information to delegates on all the trials NTT has been involved in, there are two major misconceptions: coverage and performance"
PolicyTracker  5G  NTT-DoCoMo  hype 
january 2019 by pierredv
Europe hoping to overcome C-band satellite interference | PolicyTracker, Jan 2019
There has been a clear push by national regulators across Europe to release 3.5 GHz spectrum. However, mobile deployments in the region’s primary capacity band for 5G could be at risk due to potential satellite interference from neighbouring countries and military services.
C-band  3.6GHz  5G  Interference  PolicyTracker  Finland  Netherlands  satellite  military 
january 2019 by pierredv
"AT&T, Verizon gear up for 5G network slicing in 2020, 2021 | FierceWireless Jan 2019"
At its most basic, network slicing provides for a more efficient use of the network. Instead of allocating on a serialized basis, operators can do things in parallel by allocating network resources and applying certain quality of service (QoS) elements to them. Services could be priced based on the quality or performance that a business needs; even a traditional MVNO could be structured based on slice agreements.

With network slicing and 5G, the idea is for operators’ business customers to get connectivity and data processing tailored to their specific requirements—latency and/or speed, for example. The GSMA estimates (PDF) that in combination with other enablers and capabilities, network slicing will permit operators to address a revenue opportunity worth $300 billion by 2025.
FierceWireless  network-slicing  virtualization  networking  AT&T  Verizon  5G 
january 2019 by pierredv
Opinion | If 5G Is So Important, Why Isn’t It Secure? - The New York Times, Jan 2019
"The Trump administration’s so-called “race” with China to build new fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks is speeding toward a network vulnerable to Chinese (and other) cyberattacks. So far, the Trump administration has focused on blocking Chinese companies from being a part of the network, but these efforts are far from sufficient. We cannot allow the hype about 5G to overshadow the absolute necessity that it be secure."

"Shortly after taking office, the Trump F.C.C. removed a requirement imposed by the Obama F.C.C. that the 5G technical standard must be designed from the outset to withstand cyberattacks. For the first time in history, cybersecurity was being required as a forethought in the design of a new network standard — until the Trump F.C.C. repealed it. The Trump F.C.C. also canceled a formal inquiry seeking input from the country’s best technical minds about 5G security, retracted an Obama-era F.C.C. white paper about reducing cyberthreats, and questioned whether the agency had any responsibility for the cybersecurity of the networks they are entrusted with overseeing."
NYTimes  Tom-Wheeler  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  5G  cellular 
january 2019 by pierredv
New 4G, 5G Network Flaw 'Worrisome' Oct 2017
"4G and 5G wireless networks' Evolved Packet Core (EPC) architecture can be exploited to intercept and collect mobile data as well as launch denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, according to new research. "
4G  5G  cybersecurity  cyber-spectrum 
december 2018 by pierredv
3GPP approves work item to bring 5G NR into unlicensed spectrum | FierceWireless Dec 2018
"3GPP agreed at its meeting in Sorrento, Italy, this past week to start a work item dubbed NR-U, which will define how 5G New Radio is introduced in unlicensed spectrum.

"The work item covers five scenarios with functionalities such as Carrier Aggregation (within one eNodeB), dual connectivity (across two eNodeBs), LTE anchor in licensed spectrum, 5G NR anchor in licensed spectrum, uplink only in licensed spectrum, downlink only in unlicensed spectrum as well as standalone operation..."

"Operators report big speed boosts after introducing LAA, a 3GPP Release 13 technology that uses carrier aggregation in the downlink to combine LTE in unlicensed spectrum (5 GHz) with LTE in licensed spectrum."

"Casaccia suggests that the ability to operate 5G NR standalone in unlicensed spectrum could lead to local private 5G networks dedicated for a specific application such as industrial IoT or mobile broadband for enterprises, or it could provide an avenue for service providers, like cable operators and ISPs or neutral host service providers in public venues such as sports stadiums and malls."
FierceWireless  5G  unlicensed  3GPP 
december 2018 by pierredv
5G Security Transparency - Anthony Rutkowski, Dec 2018
"Fortunately, open global industry collaboration is more active today than at any point in history — especially now for 5G security. It is that collaboration that also provides significant 5G security transparency today. That transparency is more essential than ever. "
CircleID  5G  security  cybersecurity 
december 2018 by pierredv
Companies fed up with crappy Wi-Fi are deploying 5G instead - MIT Technology Review Nov 2018
"Automakers, oil companies, and shipping ports plan to build private 5G networks for faster, more reliable connectivity."

"Audi got its 5G gear through a partnership with Ericsson and is counting on the German telecommunications regulator, the Bundesnetzagentur, to sell it spectrum."
5G  MIT-Technology-Review 
november 2018 by pierredv
LTE Speeds in the US are Really Pathetic – Droid Life Nov 2018
The folks at OpenSignal put out a state-by-state report today that ranks each in terms of download and upload speeds. The report is not something this country should take anything positive from. Now, we already knew that the US compares poorly in internet speeds to the rest of the world, but look at these sad numbers.
LTE  5G  cellular  broadband 
november 2018 by pierredv
[pdf] The Evolution of Security in 5G - 5G Americas
From press release:

"The report describes 5G safeguards in depth, as well as the vulnerabilities and attack vectors that they’re designed to mitigate. It also explores how 5G differs from 4G and 3G in terms of radio and core network architectures, and how those differences affect the security mechanisms available to mobile operators, their business partners and their customers. For example, 5G is the first mobile architecture designed to support multiple, specific use cases, each with their own unique cybersecurity requirements. In the enterprise IT world, network segmentation is a common, proven way to mitigate security risks. 5G introduces the concept of network slicing, which provides mobile operators with segmentation capabilities that weren’t possible with previous generations.

Key functions and frameworks specific to previous generations (3G, 4G) will continue to work within the overall 5G umbrella. 5G allows for a proliferation of access technologies of all types with data speeds from Gbps to Kbps, licensed and unlicensed, that are based on wide swaths of spectrum bands and include technologies specified by standards bodies other than 3GPP."
5G  cybersecurity  5G-Americas 
october 2018 by pierredv
Hybrid beamforming for 5G MIMO arrays | EDN Feb 2018
"Designers have two options for beamforming, one more practical than the other. If cost and power were not constrained in 5G systems, dedicated receive and transmit paths could be added for each MIMO array element. This type of “all digital” beamforming architecture would provide the most flexibility from a system-level standpoint to form beams in large multiuser scenarios.

Cost and power are constrained, however, and that leaves hybrid beamforming – “hybrid” in that analog phase shifters are integrated with the digital circuitry. And whenever digital and analog are integrated, that’s another place where a system-level approach to design is recommended. "
antennas  5G  beamforming  MIMO 
october 2018 by pierredv
Why 5G is out of reach for more people than you think - CNET Oct 2018
"only 70 percent of rural areas have 10 Mbps LTE download speeds, compared with 91 percent in urban areas"
CNET  broadband  5G 
october 2018 by pierredv
Spectrum assignments need a rethink, say academics | PolicyTracker Oct 2018
"Academics and telecoms industry representatives recently discussed the future of spectrum auctions in a seminar on New directions in spectrum assignment for 5G hosted at French graduate engineering school Telecom ParisTech. They concluded that there is a need to rethink assignment policies to help achieve wider economic and social policy goals. "

Gerarg Pogorel, Erik Bohlin, Martin Cave
Francesco Nonno, director of regulatory affairs at Italian fibre provider Open Fiber,
" France, where the government has replaced upfront fees for licence renewals in the 900, 1800 and 2100 MHz bands with specific guaranteed coverage obligations. Pierre-Jean Benghozi of French regulator ARCEP told the seminar that this model was driven by the objective of improving geographic coverage and meeting new capacity needs."
PolicyTracker  spectrum-auctions  5G 
october 2018 by pierredv
U.K. Cyber Security Center Says Most Attacks Are From Hostile States - Bloomberg Oct 2018
"The U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre blamed hostile foreign states for the majority of the 1,167 attacks it has handled in the two years it’s been running, equivalent to 10 assaults a week."

"As fifth generation or 5G telephone networks come into service, companies should examine their supply chains, which may be at greater risk of hacking, the report recommended."
Bloomberg  UK  cybersecurity  vulnerability  5G 
october 2018 by pierredv
The Problem With 5G | PCMag.com, John Dvorak, Aug 2018
"The technology might be the problem, but even worse for the companies behind it is the perception that 5G is already unsafe before they even get it on a single pole. "

"It's a bad bet because so little is known about the effects of millimeter waves (30GHz-300GHz). While these frequencies only permeate a small fraction of the human epidermis (the skin), the effect on the cornea, in particular, needs serious research."
5G  RF  health  critique 
october 2018 by pierredv
Experts see 5G as defense to 'Stingray' spying | TheHill
"Security experts and privacy advocates are hopeful the rollout of the new 5G wireless network could eliminate a glaring surveillance vulnerability that allows spying on nearby phone calls."

"Stingrays exploit cell towers that are the backbone of the current 4G network. ... 5G networks would be less reliant on those towers and also would require new security standards for communications. The new network would be built using smaller cells, which are about the size of refrigerators and located every few blocks."

"Lucca Hirschi and Ralf Sasse, two authors of a recent paper on 5G surveillance risks, told The Hill that their analysis of new standards for 5G found that the guidelines will limit the impact of existing stingrays. ... But the fix won't not cover all stingrays, Hirschi and Sasse told The Hill in an interview. The standards would block so-called passive devices, which just pick up communications, but different kinds of active tracking devices, which can force phones to disconnect from their networks, could still get through in 5G."

"That slow rollout means that for a period of time, multiple networks may be active at once. And that means devices built for 5G may have to connect to earlier networks like 4G, exposing those devices to vulnerabilities they weren’t designed to combat, experts told The Hill."
5G  cybersecurity  surveillance  StingRay 
october 2018 by pierredv
Is 5G a Spectrum-eating Monster that Destroys Competition? Fred Goldstein, June 2018
"But 5G isn’t, as the FCC members tweet, a race that the US has to somehow “win” against China, lest uncertain horrors result. The likely real purpose of 5G is less obvious than its technology. 5G is more like a cult, a sacrificial cult that is being designed to kill off what little competition is left in the telecom industry."

"Today the biggest carriers and their backers have a new sun god called 5G. But unlike the sun, we don't know who really needs it. It’s based on a supplier-driven model, not a demand pull, given that 4G LTE has been both a technical and market success, and continues to be enhanced."
opinion  5G  critique 
september 2018 by pierredv
Insight-as-a-Service for Satellite Networks - NSR Sep 2018
"The terrestrial telecom industry is fast shifting towards 5G networks, with Software Defined Networks (SDN) and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) forming key parts of major strategic efforts. This is seen in multiple market movements where organizations such as Verizon, AT&T and Ericsson have begun to shift towards adopting SDN/NFV approaches to manage increasingly complex networks. But what does this mean for satellite players, and how can they remain competitive?

With satellite operators beginning to unlock value behind pixels and bits, the industry is moving downstream towards a data-driven application business. Earth Observation (EO) and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) / Internet-of-Things (IoT) satcom stand at an inflection point. While most of the opportunity will remain in the application layer, a parallel story is emerging in the network layer as well."

"NSR’s Big Data Analytics via Satellite, 2nd Edition report establishes the revenue potential for satellite big data lies largely in the Transportation, Gov/Mil and Energy markets."

"A major driving force of this growth is the increasing complexity of networks."

"... in late 2017, SES used dynamic bandwidth allocation based on SDN principles on its O3b fleet."
NSR  satellite  5G  SDN  NFV  EO  remote-sensing  M2M  IoT  market-research  SES  O3b 
september 2018 by pierredv
Is 5G just a testbed for 6G? (Whisper it, is 5G the new 3G?) Sep 2018
"The point of the session was the industry has an intensive workload to actually deliver on the vaulted promise of 5G. The first wave of 5G services will transform neither the industrial landscape, controlling most of the wider economy, nor the telecoms industry itself."

"the elephant in the room, the prospect of failure – that 5G, like the UMTS system a generation before, might just be a proving ground for the genuine article. At URLLC 2018, the panel and audience toyed with the grim theory, not new, that 5G might only be a glimpse of the future, and change nothing by itself."
5G 
september 2018 by pierredv
FCC's 5G masterstroke little more than big biz cash giveaway – expert • The Register Sep 2018
"What the FCC should have done, Levin all but shouts from the rooftops, is placed some requirements on Big Cable to rollout out to rural areas in return for making more money in metropolitan areas."
TheRegister  Blair-Levin  FCC  5G 
september 2018 by pierredv
The FCC Ignores Reality in 5G Proposal | Benton Foundation
"The Coalition for Local Internet Choice and the National Association of Telecommunications Officers and Advisors asked for my view of the Federal Communications Commission’s pending order, proposing to cap the fees that state and local governments may charge for small-cell attachments."

"First, focusing on state and local government fees and processes is a distraction from the real obstacles to accelerated and ubiquitous deployment of next-generation mobile services"

"Second, local governments have a strong recent track record of endeavoring to enable and facilitate broadband deployment"

"Third, the FCC’s draft order is based on a fallacy that no credible investor would adopt and no credible economist endorse"
5G  BentonFoundation  Blair-Levin 
september 2018 by pierredv
Threat Landscape and Good Practice Guide for Software Defined Networks/5G — ENISA Jan 2016
"This study reviews threats and potential compromises related to the security of SDN/5G networks. More specifically, this report has identified related network assets and the security threats, challenges and risks arising for these assets. Driven by the identified threats and risks, existing security mechanism and and good practices for SDN/5G/NFV has been identified. Finally based in the collated information technical, policy and organizational recommendations for proactively enhancing the security of SDN/5G is provided."

Published
January 27, 2016
security  cybersecurity  cellular  SDR  5G  ENISA  EU 
september 2018 by pierredv
5G Wireless Technology Raises Security Fears - WSJ Sep 2018
Via Dale
By John D. McKinnon
Sept. 12, 2018 10:04 p.m. ET

"Perhaps the biggest concern is the expected flood of connected household devices, many of which already have been hacked and used in denial-of-service attacks, like one in late 2016 that made major services such as Netflix and Twitter unreachable for a day."

"With 5G, the telecommunications system itself will become so central to everyday life that experts fear it will create an ever-larger target for malicious actors. There also are worries that 5G will make it easier for hackers to turn autonomous vehicles, medical procedures and implantable devices into lethal weapons."

"federal officials are working with many device makers—including household and medical device makers—to make it easier to head off attacks."
WSJ  5G  cybersecurity 
september 2018 by pierredv
AI in telecommunications set to secure the ‘Augmented Human’ | Cambridge Consultants Feb 2018
"a new report, stating that the telecommunications sector will be an Artificial Intelligence (AI) pioneer, as many features of 5G networks and IoT networks will depend on AI techniques to reach their maximum potential"

"We expect to see data-led customisation: in healthcare with personalisation of treatments, in education with personalisation of teaching methods and curriculum, in entertainment with custom virtual reality games and maybe even in government. Of course, we also expect to see significant numbers of fully-autonomous vehicles on our roads and in our corridors transporting people and goods to where they are required."
ambridgeConsultants  AI  telecoms  spectrum  5G  IoT 
september 2018 by pierredv
5G experts discuss public vs private networks at URLLC event | PolicyTracker: Sep 2018
“The industry wants the control of a private network but the convenience of something that is managed as a service,” said Brendan Lynch...

"This provides a useful summary of the ongoing discussions between mobile providers and new market segments over how to roll out 5G verticals: public versus private networks. Although operators could ultimately benefit, given that they face a significant increase in the amount of data transmitted over their networks, opportunities could soon turn into challenges if they fail to address issues like liability, security or data protection."
5G  IoT  PolicyTracker 
september 2018 by pierredv
The battle for more satellite bandwidth - POLITICO
Tom Stroup pushes for satellite:

"... in some of the working groups there seems to be a disconnect between space policy and the role we play in 5G services and the spectrum that will be made available for 5G services and the need for harmonization throughout the world."
Politico  space  5G  satellite  SIA  interviews 
september 2018 by pierredv
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