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Pentagon report: DoD needs to test how satellites would perform under attack - SpaceNews.com
"The Defense Department’s director of operational test and evaluation warns in a new report that the military today is not able to assess the durability of its satellites if they came under attack."

Quote of Behler: "... the DoD currently has no real means to assess adequately the operational effectiveness, suitability and survivability of space-based systems in a representative environment."

"The 2019 report echoes many of the same problems the DOT&E office has identified in recent years on the Global Positioning System constellation. Testers said the disjointed management of the GPS enterprise of satellites, ground systems and user equipment continues to plague the program.

The report again cautions that the Air Force is not able to properly test the resilience of its new GPS 3 satellites against orbital threats. It also notes that GPS user receivers continue to face schedule slips and are years behind schedule."
SpaceNews  DoD  GPS 
20 days ago by pierredv
Protecting Wideband RF Systems In Congested Electromagnetic Environments, Jan 2020
"The Wideband Adaptive RF Protection (WARP) program seeks to enhance protections for wideband receivers operating in congested and contested EM environments. The goal is to develop wideband, adaptive filters and analog signal cancellers that selectively attenuate – or cancel – externally generated interference signals (from adversarial jamming, for instance) and self-generated interference signals (like those created by a radio’s own transmitter) to protect wideband digital radios from saturation."
RF  filtering  DoD  Interference 
24 days ago by pierredv
DoD PNT Task Force Charter: ‘Best investments may be non-GPS’ - GPS World : GPS World, Dana Goward, Jan 2020
Augmenting GPS with other systems was suggested as the most promising area of improvement in a recently released memo establishing a Defense Science Board task force on positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT).
GPS  PNT  GPSWorld  Dana-Goward  DoD 
6 weeks ago by pierredv
US Department of Defense PNT strategy: 'GPS is not enough' - GPS World : GPS World Oct 2019
Bullets
= GPS might be interfered with globally
= Multiple, diverse PNT sources, modular open system needed for receivers
= Civil use hampering military efforts to leverage GPS for military advantage
= DoD PNT efforts to be increasingly classified, not shared with civil users
GPS  GPSWorld  DoD  PNT 
october 2019 by pierredv
Karl Rove and a Pitch for a Nationwide 5G Network Tailor-Made for Trump’s 2020 Campaign | The New Yorker, May 2019
"The D.O.D. spectrum, which is set aside by the government for classified, unclassified, and emergency communications, blankets the country but is often unused. Rivada wants to monetize it—minute by minute, hour by hour, as needed, to telecom and other companies—and share the proceeds with the government. (If the military needs the airwaves, Rivada’s software would automatically bounce commercial users.)"

"If Rivada’s proposal were to be adopted, it would create a new asset class—bandwidth—that could be traded on the commodities market, like oil or soybeans. And it would make Rivada, which holds patents to run this market (a process known as dynamic spectrum arbitrage), an extremely lucrative company."

"... as Thomas Hazlett, a professor at Clemson University, who specializes in the information economy, told me, “Trump is a target of opportunity on this. Certainly, his predilections for overturning normal processes are known. The idea is that you have this kind of special project, and it goes against the liberalization trend at the F.C.C., and you tie it to national security and all these other issues. The political system would seem to be ripe for that.”"
NewYorker  5G  Rivada  DoD 
may 2019 by pierredv
Air Force experiment NTS-3 could point the way to the next generation of GPS - SpaceNews.com Mar 2019
"As an immediate response, the Air Force has begun deploying more-advanced GPS satellites, called GPS 3, designed to be more resistant to jamming and spoofing.

The Air Force also is looking for ways to shore up the PNT capabilities provided by GPS. One approach the Air Force believes could work is to supplement its medium Earth orbiting GPS constellation with an additional layer of smaller satellites in geosynchronous Earth orbit.

To test that idea, the Air Force Research Laboratory in 2022 will launch an experimental PNT satellite called NTS-3, short for Navigation Technology Satellite 3."

"As the U.S. military’s first Navigation Technology Satellite mission in 40 years, NTS-3 is intended to test new hardware including a digital signal generator that can be reprogrammed on orbit, enabling operators to quickly deploy new signals as they encounter electronic threats."

"The Air Force still has 31 GPS 2 satellites in service and has only just begun to deploy its GPS 3 constellation. "
SpaceNews  GPS  satellite  USAF  DoD 
march 2019 by pierredv
Radio Frequency-Activity Modeling and Pattern Recognition (RF-AMPR) | SBIR.gov 2018
"OBJECTIVE: The PMW 120 Program Office desires a Radio Frequency Activity Modeling and Pattern Recognition (RF-AMPR) capability to perform pattern recognition, anomaly detection, and improved clustering of radio frequency (RF) signals. Specifically, it shall consist of a parametric RF classifier, a generative model of activity in the local electromagnetic environment, a machine learning-based anomaly detection method, and an RF data-clustering algorithm that classifies data that would otherwise be discarded by the parametric classifier."

"DESCRIPTION: Current automated RF data analysis and information discovery methods necessitate discarding significant volumes of sensor data as “non-analyzable”. This SBIR topic seeks to apply machine learning methodologies to better characterize this discarded data, enabling a more complete understanding of RF activity present in a specific environment."

"Anomaly classification shall include “known unknowns”, radio frequency events that are outliers of known classes, and “unknown unknowns”, anomalous RF events that represent new devices or activities."
SBIR  DoD  RF  spectrum  machine-learning  anomaly-classification  ML  AI 
october 2018 by pierredv
FAA Mulls Recommendations For Planned GPS Interference | Aviation Week Aug 2018
"The FAA says it is studying the recommendations a special committee issued earlier this year to better notify aircraft operators of planned GPS signal interference events caused by Defense Department testing."

"Loss of GPS in an aircraft equipped to report its position by automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) “Out,” a capability the FAA requires by 2020, causes that aircraft to be lost as a target for onboard ADS-B “In” systems, affects aircraft depending on satellite-based augmentation systems for precision approaches and presents a problem for the FAA’s strategy to decommission some secondary surveillance radars (SSR) as ADS-B becomes its primary means of surveillance. The FAA is considering decommissioning 80% of terminal radars as ADS-B equipage by aircraft operators increases, the TOC says."

"In May 2017, the FAA asked the TOC, a committee managed by standards organization RTCA, to provide recommendations on improving practices related to “intentional” GPS interference caused by military testing events. The committee did not consider other sources of GPS interference such as solar weather, illegal jamming or signal spoofing."
AviationWeek  FAA  DoD  GPS  aviation  air-traffic-control 
august 2018 by pierredv
NASA, Defense Department support giving space traffic management role to Commerce - SpaceNews.com June 2018
"At a rare joint hearing of the strategic forces subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee and space subcommittee of the House Science Committee June 22, officials said they backed the plan in Space Policy Directive 3 announced four days earlier to give Commerce Department authority to provide safety-related space situational awareness data to civil and commercial satellite operators."
space  SpaceNews  legislation  DoC  NASA  DoD 
june 2018 by pierredv
US Government and Military Satellite Market, Forecast to 2022, Jan 2017
"The US government is the single largest purchaser of commercial satellite services in the world, and accounted for $1.34 billion in 2015."
satellite  space  forecast  market-research  USG  DoD 
june 2018 by pierredv
US DOD Partners with SES to Secure O3b MEO Services - Via Satellite - Jun 2018
"SES, has signed a single-award Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) with the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) for Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), low-latency, High Throughput Satellite (HTS) services. The total amount of all orders placed against the BPA cannot exceed $516.7 million over a five-year period of performance from May 1 this year to April 30, 2023.

With this agreement, DOD customers will have the opportunity to access SES’ O3b MEO services worldwide. The BPA scope of work covers managed services, including HTS capacity and broadband services, gateway services, and monitoring and control services, as well as satellite terminals, field service representative support, training and terrestrial backhaul."
ViaSatellite  SES  O3b  DoD  MEO  HTS 
june 2018 by pierredv
DARPA asks industry to develop small, secure military satellites to operate in low-Earth orbit (LEO) - Apr 2018
"U.S. military researchers are asking for industry's help in developing a constellation of small, secure, and affordable military satellites that not only are able to operate in low-Earth orbit (LEO), but also that capitalize on modern commercial satellite technologies.... the Blackjack program to develop SWaP-optimized military communications and surveillance satellites designed to operate in LEO."

"The Blackjack program seeks to develop enabling technologies for a global high-speed network backbone in LEO that enables networked, resilient, and persistent military payloads that provide infinite over-the-horizon sensing, signals, and communications capabilities."

"The Blackjack program has three primary objectives:
-1- develop payload and mission-level autonomy software with on-orbit distributed decision processors that can operate autonomously with on-orbit data processing, and perform shared tasks on-orbit;
-2- use advanced commercial manufacturing for military payloads and the spacecraft bus, including high-rate manufacturing using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS)-like parts, reduced screening and acceptance testing for individual spacecraft, and reduced expectations for spacecraft life; and
-2- demonstrating satellite payloads in LEO that operate on par with current GEO systems with the spacecraft at costs of less than $6 million per satellite."

"The goal is to develop a 60-to-200-satellite constellation operating at altitudes of between 310.7 miles and 807.8 miles"
DARPA  LEO  satellite  DoD 
may 2018 by pierredv
Defense Department turning over space traffic management to Commerce, but details still unclear - SpaceNews.com May 2018
"Although there is overall agreement on the transfer of responsibilities, the specifics of who will do what may take years to sort out. DoD has deep expertise in “space situational awareness,” or SSA, whereas Commerce faces a steep learning curve."

"DoD holds the SSA authority and public service responsibility under section 2274 of Title 10 of the U.S. Code"

"The chairman’s mark of the Fiscal Year 2019 National Defense Authorization Act unveiled on Monday includes language that lays a path for the implementation."

"The space catalog is maintained by the Joint Space Operations Center at Vandenberg Air Force Base, which is part of U.S. Strategic Command. The center operates the Space Surveillance Network, a worldwide system of ground-based radars along with ground-based and orbital telescopes."

"There are 1,500 active satellites on orbit today. DoD monitors about 20,000 objects in space that are 10 cm or larger."

"There are still questions on who will perform specific duties such as operating sensors, Loverro noted. When there are two satellites coming close to each other, somebody has to “task” a sensor to go take measurements and calculate distances between objects."
SSA  STM  DoD  DoC  space  legislation  orbital-debris 
may 2018 by pierredv
US Lawmakers Want DOD to Use More Smallsats, Reusable Rockets - Via Satellite - Apr 2018
"Concerned that large, high-value satellites are vulnerable to growing threats from potential enemies, the U.S. House Armed Services Committee (HASC) wants the Department of Defense (DOD) to consider making greater use of smaller spacecraft. The committee’s newly unveiled fiscal year 2019 defense authorization bill would require DOD to study the benefits and risks of using small- and medium-size buses for certain new satellites, including those providing protected communications and missile warning."

"Another space provision in the bill would require DOD to study the feasibility of using reusable launch vehicles to save money."

"To improve space management, the bill would create a U.S. Space Command within U.S. Strategic Command to promote joint space warfighting; set up a numbered Air Force for space warfighting; reorganize the existing 14th Air Force to focus on space support; and direct DOD to develop a plan for a new acquisition system for space."
ViaSatellite  DoD  satellite  defense 
april 2018 by pierredv
Deimos Imaging Makes History with US GSA Contract - Via Satellite - April 2018
Deimos Imaging and UrtheCast have won a GSA Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) 070 contract by the United States General Services Administration (GSA), the procurement arm of the federal government. The five-year GSA program establishes long-term government-wide contracts and allows federal customers to efficiently purchase Earth observation products and services from Deimos Imaging under GSA IT Schedule 70, Special Item Number 132-41. Under this contract, Deimos Imaging can provide federal, state, local, tribal, and regional government agencies with customized and ready-to-use satellite imagery products and services.
ViaSatellite  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  DoD  GSA  DeimosImaging  UrtheCast 
april 2018 by pierredv
Defense intelligence chief: ‘A lot of technology remains untapped’ - SpaceNews.com Apr 2018
"The most promising AI effort the Pentagon has going now is Project Maven. Military analysts are using Google-developed AI algorithms to mine live video feeds from drones. With machine learning techniques, software is taught to find particular objects or individuals at speeds that would be impossible for any human analyst."

"... DoD ramps up AI efforts. Defense procurement chief Ellen Lord said the Pentagon will start bringing together AI projects that already exist but do not necessarily share information or resources. "
SpaceNews  AI  Google  DoD  remote-sensing  intelligence-gathering 
april 2018 by pierredv
Pence Promises New Space Traffic Management Policy Soon – SpacePolicyOnline.com April 2018
"Vice President Mike Pence announced today that the National Space Council will soon present to the President a new policy on Space Traffic Management. The need to manage the growing congestion in Earth orbit has been discussed for years. Many expected the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) would be assigned the task, but Pence revealed that it will be the Department of Commerce instead."

"In their simplest definitions, knowing where a space object is and, if it is maneuverable, where it is going, is Space Situational Awareness (SSA) while having authority to direct an agency or company to move a satellite is Space Traffic Management (STM)."

"DOD has indicated for some time that it would like to shift SSA responsibility for civil government and commercial operators to another government agency so JSPoC can focus on its primary mission of supporting military requirements."

"No agency has responsibility for STM yet."

Pence "reiterated the Administration’s proposal to end direct support for the International Space Station (ISS) in 2025 and thereafter rely on the commercial sector to operate low Earth orbit (LEO) facilities that NASA can lease instead of own: “where the government will be a tenant and a customer, not a landlord.”"
space  STM  space-traffic-management  DoC  FAA  orbital-debris  JSPoC  DoD 
april 2018 by pierredv
US Commerce Department to Manage Space Traffic Under New Policy - Via Satellite - Apr 2018
"The United States government is putting the finishing touches on a new space traffic management policy designed to protect U.S. national security and commercial spacecraft amid growing congestion in space, Vice President Mike Pence announced April 16. "

"The new policy will direct the Department of Commerce to provide a basic level of space situational awareness for public and private use. That information will be based on the space catalog compiled by the Department of Defense."

"The policy will also encourage the commercial space industry to work with the federal government to develop data-sharing systems, technical guidelines and safety standards to minimize space debris and avoid satellite collisions. The United States will adopt those tools and encourage other countries to follow suit, Pence said."
ViaSatellite  space-traffic-management  STM  DoC  DoD  space 
april 2018 by pierredv
NOAA speeds up remote sensing license reviews amid broader regulatory changes - SpaceNews.com
"The small office that currently handles licensing of commercial remote sensing systems says it’s made major progress in processing license applications, even as the government moves ahead with broader reforms."

2015: avg 210 days
2016: avg 140 days

"One reason for the decreased review time is the establishment of a memorandum of understanding last year involving the Departments of Commerce, State, Defense and Interior, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, establishing procedures for interagency reviews for commercial remote sensing license applications."

"Some changes will require legislation, and the recommendation called on the Commerce Department to develop a legislative proposal “that would further enable the rapid, efficient, and predictable permitting of commercial remote sensing activities” by July 1."

"Congress has already been looking into legislative reform of the commercial remote sensing licensing process. The House Science Committee favorably reported last June the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act, which includes provisions to streamline licensing of such systems. The Senate has been drafting its own commercial space legislation that is also expected to address regulatory reform."
SpaceNews  NOAA  EO  remote-sensing  space  satellite  legislation  DoC  DoD  StateDepartment  DNI 
april 2018 by pierredv
March 2018 - LEO/MEO Satellites Poised to Make a Mark in Military Sector | Via Satellite
"Satellites in LEO and MEO soon will be here to stay thanks to companies like LeoSat, OneWeb, and SES-owned O3b. The question is whether they also can go beyond meeting the needs of commercial and consumer users to also serving the needs of a dispersed, increasingly mobile military. Via Satellite talks to leading LEO and MEO industry figures to see how they envision their constellations supporting military missions globally in a fast-evolving threat environment."

"The United States Defense Information Systems Agency’s (DISA) recent Request for Information (RFI) calling for a low-latency satellite connectivity solution underscores the government’s openness for considering new non-Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) solutions. And that cooperative posture also has been illustrated during the Air Force’s wideband Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) exercise to define the future space architecture, where several LEO and MEO companies put forth their recommendations."

"LeoSat is on schedule to launch two demonstration satellites in the second half of 2019. Launch of the production satellites will begin in late 2020 and the constellation should be complete by 2022." LeoSat's Abad: “We are not looking to bring broadband down to every single person in the world. We want to provide carrier-grade telecommunications services via space.”

"Both LeoSat and OneWeb have received high-profile funding — SKY Perfect JSAT became an anchor investor in LeoSat in May, while OneWeb received $1 billion from Japan’s SoftBank last December, making it a 20 percent equity owner. OneWeb also has partnered with Airbus on its new high-volume production facility in Exploration Park, Florida."

“What needs to change is the ground infrastructure — you can’t build a LEO constellation realistically with two parabolic antennas and expect to reach the scale and volume that these providers talk about,” says Brad Grady, senior analyst in Northern Sky Research’s (NSR)

"NSR estimates that the defense sector will require about 14 gigabits per second of non-GEO HTS capacity demand by 2025, representing an 18 percent annual growth rate from 2015."

“Everyone has figured out that the critical point in launching these new constellations is the antenna system. You can’t have a successful non-GEO network without a very agile, very capable antenna technology,” says David Helfgott, CEO of Phasor, one of a handful of antenna technology providers who will plan to offer Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) antenna solutions for these up-and-coming constellations in the next 12 to 36 months.
ViaSatellite  LEO  MEO  ElectronicallySteerableAntenna  Phasor  satellite  defense  DoD  SES  NSR  LeoSat  OneWeb  venturecapital  VC  investing  antennas 
march 2018 by pierredv
Lockheed Martin posts satellite data online to lure space entrepreneurs - SpaceNews.com
Under pressure from the Pentagon to bring fresh ideas to the table, military satellite manufacturers are trying to build closer connections with startups and entrepreneurs that are fueling the space economy.

Lockheed Martin, the nation’s largest military contractor, rolled out a new initiative this week to attract “aspiring space technologists.” It has decided to publicly release the technical specifications of its satellite platforms in a bid to attract “companies aspiring to send innovative technologies to space,” the company announced on Thursday.

"Lockheed’s bid to attract tech partners comes as the company faces competitive challenges in its military satellite business. The Pentagon intends to re-compete the manufacturing of GPS satellites that Lockheed has owned for a decade."
SpaceNews  LockheedMartin  innovation  DoD  GPS 
february 2018 by pierredv
Pentagon space posture: Don’t even try to mess with us - SpaceNews.com, Jan 2018
In space, the United States has to become so strong to make it obvious to adversaries that they would have “no benefit to be gained” from attacking U.S. systems, Mattis said.

"Mattis’ explanation for how to make space more resilient echoes the thinking of other military leaders who have called for the Pentagon to stop using large, expensive spacecraft and instead put up constellations of cheaper small satellites that can be replaced quickly if a conflict erupted and U.S. systems came under attack."

Preferably, said Mattis, conflicts in space should be resolved diplomatically. “We’ll come up with arms control agreements at some point, and we’ll start getting this under control.”

One of the central themes is that the United States faces formidable military competitors like China and Russia. “Our competitive edge in every domain of warfare — air, land, sea, space, and cyberspace — is eroding,” Mattis said in the speech.

The reality is that a strategy that is written without regard for resource constraints is just a “bunch of words on a page,” [defense budget analyst Todd Harrison, CSIS] said.
SpaceNews  space  defense  DoD  resilience  arms-control 
january 2018 by pierredv
DoD space policy chief: ‘It’s imperative that we innovate’ - SpaceNews.com, Dec 2017
"As competition ratchets up for space dominance, adversaries are poised to challenge the United States, causing real concern among policy makers at the Pentagon."

“The threats are moving fast and we need to stay ahead of it,” said Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy Stephen Kitay.

"As U.S. dominance of space is challenged by other nations, the Pentagon has to rethink strategies and investment priorities, Kitay said. It’s not just about buying the latest and greatest technology but also about making sure U.S. systems can be defended from attacks."

Kitay: “We do have to manage risk as opposed to avoiding it. We should take calculated risks to pursue those breakthrough technologies” while also “making sure we provide the capabilities needed by war fighters.”
SpaceNews  DoD  space  risk-management  NewSpace 
december 2017 by pierredv
Military could have truly low-cost launch market in five years — if government puts in the effort, experts say - SpaceNews.com May 2017
he U.S. military could have access to a robust, competitive, low-cost launch market within five years with the proper investments, a group of experts said May 8 at an event hosted by the Air Force Association’s Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies.

“We’re at a unique moment in time that overlaps technology, policy, business, and national security,” said Lt. Col. Thomas Schilling, chief of the Commander’s Action Group at the Air Force’s Air University. “When launch is reduced to the point where it’s not a $5 billion program, you can really do some great things…Low-cost reusable launch systems offer the potential for us to do many of the same old missions much faster and at much more affordable price points.”

“Our entire system for licensing and regulating launch is set up for infrequent, expensive occasional launch, launches-per-month,” Miller said. “What we’re looking at is going to launches-per-week and eventually even launches-per-day. And it breaks everything in the regulatory structure.”
DoD  SpaceNews  USAF  NewSpace  launch  Pentagon  regulations  satellite 
november 2017 by pierredv
SES Wins Multiple Government Contracts for MEO Capacity - Via Satellite - Oct 2017
"By the end of 2017, SES GS will be delivering nearly 4 Gigabits per second of managed O3b services supporting 13 sites globally to customers ranging from the Department of Defense (DOD) to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)."
SatelliteToday  SES  O3b  MEO  DOD  NOAA  satellite 
october 2017 by pierredv
New Sensors, Payloads Expanding Small UAS Capabilities | Aviation Week, Sep 2017
Having widely deployed small tactical unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) across its forces, the U.S. military is moving to increase their usefulness through sensor upgrades and new payloads. The most numerous are Insitu’s ScanEagle, Textron Systems’ RQ-7 Shadow and AeroVironment’s RQ-11 Raven and RQ-20 Puma. And while the procurement peak is past, upgrades are continuing.
AviationWeek  UAS  military  DoD 
october 2017 by pierredv
MD5 – A New Department of Defense National Security Technology Accelerator – Officially Launches with Disaster Relief Hackathon in New York City > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE > News Release View
via Brad Bernthal - knows Lloyd Thrall

"The MD5 National Security Technology Accelerator is a public-private partnership between the Department of Defense, NYU and a large network of top U.S. research universities that promotes civil-military technology collaboration"
DoD  entrepreneurship  innovation 
september 2017 by pierredv
Coalition Joint Spectrum Management Planning Tool (CJSMPT) · Lockheed Martin
Via Adam Drobot, May 2017

"CJSMPT automates the Commander’s Joint Chiefs of Staff Manual (CJCSM) 3320.01B Joint Task Force (JTF) spectrum management 12-step lifecycle, which is used by joint spectrum managers to establish a functional and efficient spectrum management processes."
DoD  spectrum  planning  tools 
june 2017 by pierredv
DISA | Joint Spectrum Data Repository
via Adam Drobot
"The Defense Spectrum Organization (DSO) has been chartered to collect, standardize, and distribute spectrum-related data. To fulfill this mission, the DSO provides direct on-line data access to the Joint Spectrum Data Repository (JSDR) or provides customized reports. The JSDR contains DOD, national, and international spectrum-related information up to the Secret level and can be accessed via the Joint Spectrum Center Data Access Web Server (JDAWS) tool. JDAWS provides user access to the database components of JSDR except Equipment Location-Certification Information Database (EL-CID)."
DoD  DISA  spectrum  database 
june 2017 by pierredv
Better Protection of Spectrum Is a Defense Necessity | SIGNAL Magazine - Dec 2016
By Chief Warrant Officer 5 Todd D. Conley, USN (Ret.)
"Cultural change, top-down mandates and additional resources are required to avoid dangerous scenarios."

"EMI broadly encompasses any type of interference, man-made or naturally occurring, that can potentially disrupt, degrade or otherwise impede authorized emissions over approved portions of the EMS. The interference can be intentional or inadvertent, hostile or friendly, military or civil, foreign or domestic. It can originate from a jamming device, procedural mistakes, malfunctioning equipment or improper system operation. EMI also can have static causes, such as structural or topographical obstructions."

“A mechanism within the Defense Department known as the EMI Resolution Process could become a cornerstone capability for EMS protection, but it needs a comprehensive construct with a cohesive supporting architecture. The EMI Resolution Process spans 10 principal functional areas and subprocesses, and a few of its functions occur in parallel. The areas are monitoring; detection; mitigation of EMI effects; reporting; characterization and classification; geographical location; identification; response planning; resolution of source cause; and archiving.”
DoD  interference  EMC  EMI 
march 2017 by pierredv
SSC Innovations Wins Two Contracts to Provide the Defense Department with the Ability to Leverage Limited Wireless Spectrum
SSC "has been chosen to showcase how its innovative dynamic spectrum access (DSA) technology can be used to give commercial and government entities greater access to limited spectrum resources. The company was awarded two contracts totaling nearly $20 million from the Department of Defense (DoD) to test and deploy DSA so the government can share spectrum with government users, cellular carriers and news organizations."

"The first DoD contract, worth nearly $16.8 million over two years, focuses on improving military communications performance in the field"

"Similarly, in the second contract, SSC’s DSA solution will be used to support spectrum sharing between the DoD and electronic news gathering (ENG) organizations."
SSC  DSA  spectrum-sharing  DoD  ENG 
january 2017 by pierredv
DoD Increases Presence in 2 GHz TV BAS Band | Dane Ericksen, Radio magazine - Nov 2015
"Wow, sounds pretty good. What could possibly go wrong with co-channel sharing with DoD, not directly subject to FCC authority or enforcement, and using the frequencies for lethal force applications? First, as best EIBASS has been able to tell, the MoU referenced in US92 is not the 2009 SBE-DoD MoU with its strict 0.5 dB noise threshold degradation criteria, but some new MoU to be negotiated between DoD and unspecified civilian users or groups, using an unspecified process, apparently outside of the FCC rulemaking process and likely not subject to Administrative Procedure Act safeguards. Certainly EIBASS has not been contacted and invited to participate."
DoD  BAS  2GHz  TV  DSA  sharing 
december 2015 by pierredv
DISA Releases Strategic Plan for 2015-2020
"The plan spells out the operating principles and strategic goals that will shape and prioritize DISA's efforts for the next five years."
DISA  DoD 
june 2015 by pierredv
MIL-STD-461G New Draft Released - April 2015
A new draft of MIL-STD-461G – Department of Defense Interface Standard – Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference Characteristics of Subsystems and Equipment has been released by the Department of Defense on April 1. NOTE: This draft, dated 2 March 2015 prepared by AF 11, has not been approved and is subject to modification. - See more at: http://www.interferencetechnology.com/mil-std-461g-new-draft-released/#sthash.KZeIc0Ua.dpuf
DoD  spectrum  Interference 
april 2015 by pierredv
EMC Zone: Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessment – A Last Word….For Now….
"To recap, an SSRA provides a formally documented spectrum supportability risk assessment, with mitigation measure(s) identified, to achieve a spectrum supportability determination from the service Spectrum Management Office or CIO (depending on ACAT and/or level of Interest). An SSRA should include the following components . . ."
SSRA  spectrum  spectrum-sharing  DoD 
april 2015 by pierredv
DOD, Commerce form partnership on spectrum sharing -- Defense Systems March 2015
"In a sign of progress toward goals outlined in the Pentagon’s Electromagnetic Spectrum Strategy, the Defense and Commerce departments are partnering in a new collaborative framework to share communication channels. Under a signed memorandum of agreement, both agencies have committed to increased spectrum sharing, something DOD has sought for some time. " - "This new partnership will also create the National Advanced Spectrum and Communications Test Network"
DoD  DoC  NASCTN  CAC 
april 2015 by pierredv
USN SSRA Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Document (WORD Format)
DoD Instruction 4650.01 “Policy and Procedures for Management and Use of the Electromagnetic Spectrum” issued by ASD (NII) on January 9, 2009, mandates that for all spectrum-dependent (S-D) systems, DoD Components shall determine if there will be sufficient spectrum to support operation of the system during its life cycle. In order to affect design and procurement decisions, DoD Components shall: Identify spectrum-related risks as early as possible via Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessments (SSRA). Review these assessments at acquisition milestones. Manage the risks throughout the system’s lifecycle. These FAQs will serve as the vehicle to address the TriSysCom (NAVSEA, SPAWAR,NAVAIR) questions that have accumulated with the SSRA submittal process and SSRA content. They are to be used in conjunction with the DoD “Joint Services Guide for Development of a Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessment (SSRA)”.
USN  SSRA  DoD  risk-assessment  spectrum 
february 2015 by pierredv
Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessment (SSRA)
"DoDI 4650.01 requires system developers of spectrum dependent (S-D) systems and equipment to identify and mitigate regulatory, technical, and operational spectrum supportability (SS) and electromagnetic environmental effects (E3) risks during the development process. The instruction also requires that the resulting spectrum supportability risk assessment (SSRA) be updated to provide increasing levels of detail as the item's design matures. The SSRA constitutes the basis for milestone decision authority determinations of spectrum supportability and provides increasing levels of detail regarding a system’s regulatory, technical, and operational requirements in Initial, Detailed, and Updated SSRAs."
DoD  spectrum  risk-assessment 
february 2015 by pierredv
Dynamic Spectrum Industry Day, Dec 2014 - Defense Innovation Marketplace
The Department of Defense, along with several other federal agencies, is seeking research and development (R&D) collaboration with industry and academia to advance better use of the Electromagnetic Spectrum. ... Multiple efforts are addressing this fundamental issue as it hampers U.S. innovation and economic growth and hinders U.S. military operations both domestically and overseas. The envisioned collaboration between the Government and Industry focuses on four major activities: = maturing technologies that assist in improved electromagnetic spectrum awareness, sharing, and use = experimentation to better inform the optimal allocation of the spectrum for both public and private objectives = demonstration of new technologies to increase trust among spectrum stakeholders = policy development to ensure technologies don’t outpace the appropriate guidance for their best use The following are presentations from the December 5, 2014 Dynamic Spectrum Industry Day.
spectrum  DoD  research 
january 2015 by pierredv
AWS-3 auction: DoD pledges to enable greater access to shared spectrum = FierceWireless Sep 2014
"The next major U.S. spectrum auction, for AWS-3 frequencies, is slated to begin in less than two months, and the Department of Defense (DoD) is pledging to do what it can to reduce the size of coordination zones in the 1755-1780 MHz band to enable greater access to shared spectrum by commercial operations.""
AWS-3  auctions  DoD  NTIA  FCC 
september 2014 by pierredv
Pentagon strikes deal with broadcasters, clearing way for 1755-1780 MHz auction = Nov 2013
"The Department of Defense and the broadcasting industry struck a deal that will clear the way for the FCC to auction the 1755-1780 MHz band as part of the AWS-3 auction, a move long sought by the CTIA and wireless carriers clamoring for more airwaves. In a letter sent from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration to the FCC, the NTIA detailed the agreement, which the Pentagon struck with the National Association of Broadcasters. Under the deal, the Defense Department will move its operations off the 1755-1780 MHz band to the 2025-2110 MHz band. TV broadcasters currently use the 2025-2110 MHz band for remote news gathering operations, often to transmit video from the scenes of emergencies. The Defense Department and the broadcasters have agreed to share the spectrum, clearing the way for the 1755-1780 MHz band to be used for commercial mobile services."
DoD  NAB  NTIA  spectrum-sharing  BAS  FierceWireless 
september 2014 by pierredv
Broadcasters, DoD Strike Deal on Sharing BAS Band | Broadcasting & Cable Nov 2013
"Broadcasters and the Defense Department have come to an agreement on sharing spectrum in the Broadcast Auxiliary Service (BAS) band (2025-2110 MHz), the spectrum broadcast journalists use to transmit breaking news stories back to the station." "NTIA billed it as a DoD proposal, but NAB suggested it was a team effort and pointed to its role, as well as that of the Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE), in coming to an agreement. Kaplan said broadcasters were "happy to help the cause." SBE has experience in coordinating with DoD—broadcasters already share some of the BAS band with the department already, said Kaplan."
DoD  NAB  BAS  spectrum-sharing  NTIA  Broadcasting&Cable 
september 2014 by pierredv
AWS-3 auction winners could face lots of spectrum-coordination hitches
Interview with Chris Hardy at Comsearch "The AWS-3 auction is scheduled to start Nov. 13, and the FCC has set a total reserve price of $10.587 billion for the airwaves. The 1695-1710 MHz band will be unpaired spectrum used for low-power uplink operations. The 1755-1780 MHz band will be licensed for low-power uplink operations and will be paired with the 2155-2180 MHz band, which is unencumbered by federal users, for downlink operations." "AWS-3 licensees will have to negotiate coordination agreements with 17 different government agencies regarding 2,500 frequency assignments, Hardy said. Federal systems employ AWS-3 frequencies for myriad uses, from nationwide covert video operations to control of precision-guided munitions. "
AWS-3  frequency-coordination  Comsearch  FierceWireless  DOD  NTIA  FCC  auction 
august 2014 by pierredv
CRFS deploys RFeye sensor network at a major U.S. Army test site – May 2014
"CRFS, the world’s leading provider of distributed RF spectrum monitoring and surveillance systems under its RFeye® brand, has today announced the successful deployment of a spectrum monitoring and radio geolocation network at a major U.S. Army test site. The fully integrated system consists of a number of fixed RFeye Direction Finding Arrays and TDOA-capable RFeye Nodes. These are distributed over large areas and networked to provide continuous 24/7 real-time site monitoring together with rapid radio location of potential interference or threat sources at this high-level secure site. In addition, the system provides full data logging and recording capability for post-analysis as well as intelligence on spectrum usage, occupancy and efficiency, for use with other military systems."
CRFS  press-release  DoD  US  Army  RFEye 
may 2014 by pierredv
Pentagon Seeks to Partner for Access to Other GNSS Signals | Inside GNSS April 2014
"The U.S. military is moving toward using the signals of other satellite navigation constellations to help ensure access to positioning and timing information and to potentially thwart spoofing." "To help enhance the multi-constellation strategy work, a push has been under way to ensure distribution to military users of signal monitoring information gathered by the Global Differential GPS (GDGPS) network, said the source. The network, which was developed by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, has more than 100 U.S. and international monitoring stations with the 75 sites of NASA’s GPS Network at its core."
GPS  GNSS  InsideGNSS  Pentagon  DoD 
may 2014 by pierredv
Sign in to read: Red star rising: China's ascent to space superpower - space - 12 February 2014 - New Scientist
" The Pentagon recently acknowledged that the US military command in Africa now relies on a Chinese satellite for communications, reflecting the military's ever-larger appetite for bandwidth, which has surged in recent years as it relies increasingly on remotely operated drones and satellite radio communications." "But China's long and persistent march is not the only reason to believe the road map: the country also possesses at least two resources no other country can compete with. The first is people. [quarter million people working on space program] Another key to China's present and future success is the unique ability – granted by one-party rule – to stick to their plans longer than the political cycles of most Western governments. But perhaps the most important catalyst for Chinese innovation was being frozen out of international collaboration. "
China  space  technology  NewScientist  governance  Pentagon  DoD 
april 2014 by pierredv
Oceus says sharing AWS-3 spectrum could work to military's advantage - FierceWirelessTech
"Oceus Networks has told the FCC that a bi-directional sharing framework providing military access to the paired 1755-1780 MHz and 2155-2180 MHz bands could fulfill training requirements on remote bases and ranges with limited impact to auction revenues."
Oceus  AWS-3  DoD  FierceWireless 
march 2014 by pierredv
Expert Advice: The Low Cost of Protecting America : GPS World
"The U.S. National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Advisory Board published a seminal white paper in 2010 on the topic, strongly recommending the establishment of an eLoran system." "A well-configured eLoran system can provide navigation accuracy to within 8 to 10 meters and timing accuracy to within 30 nanoseconds. This meets the needs of an estimated 95 percent of users in the United States." "There are also signs that the U.S. intelligence, cyber, and defense communities are becoming more and more concerned. North Korea’s repeated jamming of satellite navigation and timing signals has delivered a particularly powerful lesson. South Korea has reacted by committing to establishment of a robust eLoran system. The UK has established an eLoran system and is expanding it. Russia and China have retained their versions "
GPS  GPSWorld  eLoran  navigation  public  private  partnership  jamming  aviation  spoofing  NPEC  DHS  DoD  South  Korea 
february 2014 by pierredv
TVTechnology: NAB Says DOD-BAS Agreement Will Protect ENG Spectrum -- Dec 2013
"Just before Thanksgiving Day the NAB issued a short statement on NTIA support for the ENG Spectrum Sharing Agreement between broadcasters and the Department of Defense. ... The NTIA fully supports the DOD proposal for the 1755-1780 MHz band which allows use of that band for LTE wireless broadband. Implementation of that proposal requires that DoD have shared access to the 2025-2110 MHz portion of the 2 GHz BAS band, and the DoD already has some operations in that band. " Includes links to Nebbia letter and filing
NAB  NTIA  BAS  broadcasting  2025-2110  DoD  ex  TVTechnology 
december 2013 by pierredv
US spectrum warfare strategy stresses flexibility -- Defense Systems
"Increasing reliance on scarce electromagnetic spectrum is prompting military planners to rethink their spectrum strategies as conventional tools like electronic warfare merge with cyber operations to become what senior leaders call “spectrum warfare.” In response, the Defense Department is set to release a new spectrum strategy in November that will place a premium on developing more agile, flexible systems capable of sharing spectrum."
spectrum  DISA  spectrum-warfare  DoD 
november 2013 by pierredv
EMC Zone: And Now, a Shameless Plug….
Spectrum and E3 requirements Community of Practice (previously Special Interest Area) as part of the Defense Acquisition University Acquisition Community Connection (that’s a mouthful). The site is available at acc.dau.mil/e3 or acc.dau.mil/spectrum
DAU  spectrum  E3  DISA  EMC  DoD 
june 2013 by pierredv
Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessments - interferencetechnology.com Mar 2013
"Early consideration of spectrum supportability in spectrum dependent (S-D) system acquisitions is a fundamental criterion that must be satisfied before the DoD develops and fields communications-electronics (CE) equipment and related weapons systems.  Development or acquisition of systems that meet operational requirements, but fail to obtain spectrum supportability, means those systems will not be allowed to operate in the United States or in host nations. These systems create a potential for severe mutual interference between themselves and other spectrum users, squander resources, and delay fielding warfighting capabilities to field units. “Spectrum Supportability” is defined as the assessment as to whether the electromagnetic spectrum necessary to support equipment is available for use by the system.  The assessment requires, at a minimum, receipt of equipment spectrum certification, reasonable assurance of the availability of sufficient frequencies for operation from host nati..
risk  US  spectrum  interference  DoD 
march 2013 by pierredv
Defense Department pushes spectrum sharing as solution to wireless crunch | Mobile - CNET News Oct 2010
"The Department of Defense says it's onboard with freeing up more wireless spectrum for commercial wireless broadband use. But proposals that rely heavily on the government sharing wireless spectrum with private sector wireless carriers doesn't jive with what the industry wants."
"There are three main types of sharing his agency is proposing. There's geographic sharing in which the Defense Department would continue to use its applications in certain locations in a discrete area and would allow commercial providers to use the spectrum in areas where it is not using the spectrum. There's also time-shifted sharing, which will allow commercial providers to use spectrum during certain periods of time when the government is not using a particular sliver of spectrum.

And the final type of sharing is what he called "true sharing" or cognitive sharing. In this scenario, special technology is used to sniff the airwaves to ensure that applications designed to use the same frequencies of spectrum
cognitiveradio  cog  cellular  FCC  NTIA  DoD  spectrum  sharing 
november 2012 by pierredv
Welfare State - By Rosa Brooks | Foreign Policy Jul 2012
"The generous benefits we give our military reflect the increasingly reflexive esteem in which we hold the armed forces. Despite (or because of) the dwindling number of Americans who serve or have a close relative who serves, support for the military has become America's civil religion. "
socialism  US  budget  spending  military  DoD  Foreign  Policy 
july 2012 by pierredv
GEMSIS - US DoD Global Electromagnetic Spectrum Information System
Global Electromagnetic Spectrum Information System (GEMSIS) is the joint program of record that will transform spectrum operations from a pre-planned and static frequency assignment into a dynamic, responsive, and agile capability. The GEMSIS Program Management Office (PMO) will deliver capabilities through an evolutionary incremental acquisition approach. GEMSIS increments will provide spectrum management capabilities to further enhance the ease of use, efficiency, and effectiveness of spectrum management. The GEMSIS PMO will federate future capabilities and services through a net-centric services concept. This action enables the transformation of the current stove-piped spectrum management capabilities to an autonomous and adaptive environment that accelerates the Warfighter's ability to effectively and efficiently manage the electromagnetic battlespace.
database  spectrum  DOD  sharing 
july 2012 by pierredv
Types of Radars
great summary of various types used by militar
wireless  spectrum  DoD  defense  radar  * 
march 2012 by pierredv

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