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pierredv : eo   34

Cliff Mass Weather and Climate Blog: Will 5G Undermine Weather Prediction?
potential harm to U.S. and worldwide numerical weather prediction by interfering with the 23.8 GHz band is certainly real, but difficult to quantify
Cliff-Mass  5G  interference  NOAA  MetSat  EarthObservation  EO 
may 2019 by pierredv
Earth Observation: Not Just Imagery - NSR, Jan 2019
"In an industry dominated by optical and radar imaging satellites, it is not surprising to see diversification into non-imagery assets, such as the recent announcements from Spire, GeoOptics, and GHGsat. Radio occultation, greenhouse gas monitoring, infrared, the market is expanding, looking for new ways to monitor human activity and the changing world.

NSR’s Satellite-Based Earth Observation, 10th Edition report forecasts the revenue opportunity from non-imagery data to grow to almost $255M by 2027, at a CAGR of 45.7%. Early investment from Public Authorities, Weather, and Energy customers is expected to drive the market, until supply and data pipelines are matured, when Services and Industrial verticals especially will show more interest."

"... NSR forecasts the opportunity to shift in the favor of these downstream services, from 5% of total non-imagery EO revenues coming from IP and Big Data analytics in 2017 to 74% by 2027."
NSR  satellite  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  EO  market-research 
january 2019 by pierredv
EO SAR Imagery Prices Limit Opportunity - NSR Dec 2018
"In theory, radar imagery for Earth Observation is far superior to optical. With imagery capable of capturing scenes at night and penetrating clouds, SAR overcomes many challenges inherent to imaging the Earth with passive optical sensors.

"It would seem that investors are banking on these capabilities for increased coverage and insights from SAR imagery given recent funding announcements from Iceye, and Ursa Space. Revisit and analytics are cited as key drivers, with many working to develop algorithms for analyzing and monitoring assets, even across traditional vertical markets.

"However, in practice, SAR revenues and market penetration remain relatively low, and NSR does not expect radar to overtake or greatly outpace the optical opportunity anytime soon."

"When examining EO data adoption, one must consider resolution, revisit, and pricing as key customer-decision factors."
radar  remote-sensing  satellite  NSR  EO 
december 2018 by pierredv
SpaceX launch will rocket 71 satellites into space, help hunt pirates - Business Insider
"The trio of spacecraft belong to a startup called HawkEye 360, and they're designed to "see" radio signals from space. The company's software will take unique radio signals coming from ships to "fingerprint" vessels, track them over time, and even forecast future movements."

"A HawkEye 360 data visualization that shows every instance over a month in which a boat turned off its automatic identification system (AIS) for more than 8 hours."

"Pathfinder, like the other satellites SpaceX is launching, will sweep around Earth from pole-to-pole in what's called a sun-synchronous orbit — hence the "SSO" in the mission's name."

"The Pathfinder system relies on the fact that so many brands and models of radio transponders are used by ships. Minor variations in those devices , and the frequencies they use, lead to subtle differences in radio emissions that HawkEye 360 says it can detect and exploit. "

"The company expects the US military to be increasingly interested in the technology, especially considering that HawkEye 360 can deploy its sensors on airplanes and high-altitude balloons (in addition to satellites)."
remote-sensing  EO  HawkEye360  BusinessInsider  shipping 
november 2018 by pierredv
EO Smallsat Market: Where to Go from Here? - NSR Nov 2018
"Smallsat operators, now more than 40, all expect to capture a sizeable piece of the EO downstream market. The questions are: How big is this pie and who is it for?"

"NSR’s Satellite-Based Earth Observation, 10th Edition report forecasts the EO smallsat downstream market will experience double-digit CAGRs, and cumulatively account for $9.7B in revenue over the next decade. Growth will come from all verticals, but a large segment of this growth is to arrive in the form of Big Data analytics for Defense & Intelligence and Managed Living Resources (Agriculture, Forestry, etc.)."

"Another factor driving change and growth in the industry is the devaluation of imagery and the growing focus on Big Data analytics. Currently, Big Data analytics players favor MR imagery due to its easier access and lower costs. However, upcoming supply and growing archives are serving to depreciate the cost of imagery, lowering the barrier to entry for utilization of HR imagery."
NSR  smallsats  EO  remote-sensing  market-research 
november 2018 by pierredv
NSR Report: Earth Observation Markets to Generate $54 Billion in Revenue by 2027 - NSR, Oct 2018
"NSR’s Satellite-Based Earth Observation (EO), 10th Edition report, released today, projects Earth Observation satellite data and services will represent a $54 billion cumulative opportunity over the next ten years, growing to $6.9 billion annually in 2027"

"The market’s evolution toward more on-demand data and services will be driven by satellite constellations, high-volume imagery platforms, and subscriptions"

"As the EO industry continues to shift from imagery to insights, ... a greater opportunity for downstream Information Products and Big Data analytics, than for the sale of data."

"the market is expected to face aggressive consolidation"
NSR  EO  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  satellite  business  market-research  data-analytics  analytics 
october 2018 by pierredv
Satellite Big Data 3L’s: Location, Location, Location — NSR's Big Data Analytics , Satnews Daily Sep 2018
Article by Shivaprakash Muruganandham, NSR Analys

"NSR’s Big Data Analytics via Satellite, 2nd Edition report identifies seven vertical markets as growth areas, and more than 70 percent of the share is held by the Transportation, Government and Military (Gov/Mil) and Energy markets throughout the forecast period."

Transportation

"The mobile nature of the transportation segment ensures that it remains important throughout the next decade, with nearly 1 out of every three dollars spent on SBD coming from land, maritime and aeronautical transport segments."

Government & Military

"NSR finds growth in this sector to be largely driven by the rise of geospatial intelligence (GEOINT), with EO applications growing at nearly twice the rate of M2M/IoT SATCOM applications"

Energy

"M2M/IoT SATCOM will continue to play a major role in Energy, due to the remote nature of asset locations and the absence of terrestrial solutions."

"NSR’s considers that EO satellite-based analytics services are expected to grow in importance for this vertical, despite competition from unmanned aerial system (UAS) alternatives. This growth will be fueled by the rise of new sensing capabilities such as methane tracking and emissions monitoring solutions for O&G companies looking to mitigate financial risks."
NSR  market-research  satellite  data-analytics  Satnews  EO  remote-sensing  UAS 
october 2018 by pierredv
Insight-as-a-Service for Satellite Networks - NSR Sep 2018
"The terrestrial telecom industry is fast shifting towards 5G networks, with Software Defined Networks (SDN) and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) forming key parts of major strategic efforts. This is seen in multiple market movements where organizations such as Verizon, AT&T and Ericsson have begun to shift towards adopting SDN/NFV approaches to manage increasingly complex networks. But what does this mean for satellite players, and how can they remain competitive?

With satellite operators beginning to unlock value behind pixels and bits, the industry is moving downstream towards a data-driven application business. Earth Observation (EO) and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) / Internet-of-Things (IoT) satcom stand at an inflection point. While most of the opportunity will remain in the application layer, a parallel story is emerging in the network layer as well."

"NSR’s Big Data Analytics via Satellite, 2nd Edition report establishes the revenue potential for satellite big data lies largely in the Transportation, Gov/Mil and Energy markets."

"A major driving force of this growth is the increasing complexity of networks."

"... in late 2017, SES used dynamic bandwidth allocation based on SDN principles on its O3b fleet."
NSR  satellite  5G  SDN  NFV  EO  remote-sensing  M2M  IoT  market-research  SES  O3b 
september 2018 by pierredv
Capella Space raises $19 million for radar constellation - SpaceNews.com Sep 2018
"Capella Space, a startup planning a constellation of radar imaging satellites, has raised an additional $19 million to fund continued development of its system. ... has raised approximately $35 million to date...

That funding will support development of what Capella Space ultimately plans to be a 36-satellite constellation providing synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery with hourly revisit times. "

"SAR offers the benefit of being able to collect imagery regardless of time of day or amount of cloud cover, unlike optical imagery. However, it’s also had a reputation for being more difficult to work with, an issue Banazadeh said is fading with the rise of automated systems to interpret the imagery and extract the desired information."

Matt Ocko of DCVC: “Commodity trading, urban development, critical infrastructure, shipping and security: businesses across the board realize that milliseconds matter in today’s global economy, and a steady stream of reliable, easily accessible Earth information just does not exist.”

"Commercially, he said major customers will likely come from the infrastructure monitoring, maritime and agricultural markets."
SpaceNews  remote-sensing  EO  CapellaSpace  satellite  SAR  radar 
september 2018 by pierredv
Using Satellite Data to Scale Smallholder Agricultural Insurance | CGAP Sep 2018
"This paper looks beyond the excitement of the vast possibilities for satellite data applications to promote scale in smallholder agricultural insurance. It documents lessons learned from using these data to reduce the costs and improve the quality of smallholder agricultural insurance in Nigeria and Kenya. "
CGAP  development-assistance  finance  insurance  satellite  agriculture  Nigeria  Kenya  remote-sensing  EO 
september 2018 by pierredv
APOD: 2018 September 9 - Aerosol Earth
"... the Goddard Earth Observing System Forward Processing (GEOS FP) model relies on a combination of Earth-observing satellite and ground-based data to calculate the presence of types of aerosols, tiny solid particles and liquid droplets, as they circulate above the entire planet. This August 23rd model shows black carbon particles in red from combustion processes, like smoke from the fires in the United States and Canada, spreading across large stretches of North America and Africa. Sea salt aerosols are in blue, swirling above threatening typhoons near South Korea and Japan, and the hurricane looming near Hawaii. Dust shown in purple hues is blowing over African and Asian deserts."
images  photography  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  APOD  ** 
september 2018 by pierredv
EO Investment Picture: Worth More Than a Thousand Words - Northern Sky Research Jul 2018
"The Earth Observation (EO) market has been in constant evolution and recently, it has transitioned from costly, large EO satellites to smaller, more nimble ones flying as part of constellations. Using many small satellites is enabling real-time earth monitoring and observation, and with this, increasingly large amounts of data are being produced every day. Additionally, medium resolution imaging (1 m. to 5 m.) is abundant, and its price relatively low and declining."

"This combination of price decrease and data profusion has created a business opportunity favoring the entrance of new players and the application of digital technologies into new business models,"

"Small satellite constellations with new sensor technologies have enabled data and imaging of the Earth in large amounts, thereby allowing for a new set of companies to arise at the intersection of low-priced imagery and digital technologies: data analytics.

And it is not by coincidence that NSR’s research found almost 90% of new space companies dedicated to EO are for data analytics; inexpensive imagery and digital technologies can deliver high value intelligence applications at a much cheaper cost."

"45% of new EO companies were founded in North America and captured 84% of total investments."

"Diving deeper into 2017, and more particularly into the dynamic North American market, NSR’s analysis shows most investor attention was focused on two companies: Orbital Insights and Descartes Labs. "
NSR  satellite  space  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  business  market-research  data-analytics  investing  EO  OrbitalInsights  DescartesLabs 
july 2018 by pierredv
Earth observation startup Planet trims workforce by "less than ten percent" - SpaceNews.com Jul 2018
"Planet, the startup that operates the world’s largest constellation of Earth imaging satellites, laid off dozens of workers July 13. One source put the number at 38."

Per Jeff Foust, seem to be "shifting from developing its imaging satellite constellation to creating new commercial products based on the images those satellites provide"

"Planet was founded in 2010 with a small team and a big idea: to deploy an enormous constellation of cubesats to offer daily, global Earth imagery. The San Francisco startup, which grew to employ nearly 500 people, achieved that goal late last year with 200 satellites, including its own cubesats and larger spacecraft it acquired when it took control of BlackBridge’s RapidEye fleet in 2015 and Google’s Terra Bella constellation in 2017."
SpaceNews  space  remote-sensing  satellite  business  EO  EarthObservation 
july 2018 by pierredv
Non-GEO Constellations: Surviving the Disruption - Northern Sky Research - May 2018
"The main industry segments most affected by Non-GEO constellations are HTS Communications, IoT and Earth Observation (EO). ... The main industry segments most affected by Non-GEO constellations are HTS Communications, IoT and Earth Observation (EO). Each of these segments presents its own set of challenges and therefore different barriers to success. NSR’s Satellite Constellations: A Critical Assessment report investigates for the first time what guarantees success for LEO constellations within these three segments and the associated disruption on the industry."

"higher revenue requires a higher market share, which further requires low latency and higher coverage. That is the main value proposition of mega-constellations. However, the bigger the constellation, the higher the capital investment needed, and the higher the complexity of manufacturing with (because of their architecture) higher replenishment cost."

"The new Non-GEO constellations are expected to cause the biggest disruption in the HTS segment, conspicuously in Consumer Broadband and Backhaul/Enterprise verticals."

"these new LPWAN IoT constellations, despite offering the highest innovative disruption value, are not likely to have a significant impact on the overall satellite industry - financially, contributing just over 2% of overall NGEO revenues by 2027."

"A combination of low revenues and insufficient market capture will restrain at least one EO constellation from closing its business case."

"New IoT constellations such as Hiber, Astrocast and Kepler have a unique business case based on providing low cost, low power IoT solutions. This market is currently addressed by companies like Sigfox and LoRA on the terrestrial side and – to a limited extent – Iridium, Globalstar and Orbcomm on the satellite side."
NSR  market-research  satellite  space  business  LEO  NGSO  IoT  EO  EarthObservation 
may 2018 by pierredv
April 2018 - EO from LEO: Earth Observation Going Mainstream | Via Satellite april 2018
"NewSpace has largely put the idea of one-off satellites into the rearview mirror. Now the sector seems to be pushing the idea of a one-off constellation behind us as well."

"A decade ago, it took about $1 billion and 10 years to launch a constellation. Today, the advent of nanosatellites has cut that down to around $100 million and three years — still significant."
EO  LEO  remote-sensing  opinion 
may 2018 by pierredv
Deimos Imaging Makes History with US GSA Contract - Via Satellite - April 2018
Deimos Imaging and UrtheCast have won a GSA Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) 070 contract by the United States General Services Administration (GSA), the procurement arm of the federal government. The five-year GSA program establishes long-term government-wide contracts and allows federal customers to efficiently purchase Earth observation products and services from Deimos Imaging under GSA IT Schedule 70, Special Item Number 132-41. Under this contract, Deimos Imaging can provide federal, state, local, tribal, and regional government agencies with customized and ready-to-use satellite imagery products and services.
ViaSatellite  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  DoD  GSA  DeimosImaging  UrtheCast 
april 2018 by pierredv
Satellite operators, data analysts agree on need for speed - SpaceNews.com April 2018
"Geospatial data companies are focusing intently on quickly acquiring satellite imagery and delivering it to customers."

Jeff Foust's gloss: "executives from several companies said they're developing larger networks of ground stations, and turning to advanced technologies like laser communications, to quickly get images from their spacecraft to the ground and then on to customers. The longer it takes to deliver images, they argue, the less valuable it is to their customers"

"The focus on speed is essential because geospatial data is most valuable when its fresh."
SpaceNews  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  EO  Planet  Maxar  HawkEye360  Airbus  DigitalGlobe  Ursa  BlackSky 
april 2018 by pierredv
House Approves American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act | Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
Apr 24, 2018 Press Release
WASHINGTON – The U.S. House of Representatives today unanimously passed the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act (H.R. 2809), which simplifies and strengthens the space-based remote sensing regulatory system, enhances U.S. compliance with international obligations, improves national security and removes regulatory barriers facing new and innovative space operators.
space  legislation  remote-sensing  EO 
april 2018 by pierredv
Startup with SoftBank, Airbus investment planning video constellation with several hundred satellites - SpaceNews.com Apr 2018
"A satellite startup that today announced SoftBank, Airbus, Bill Gates and OneWeb founder Greg Wyler as investors says it has plans to field a constellation of hundreds of satellites to provide global video of the Earth, but provided few details on how it will accomplish that goal."

"EarthNow spun out of the business incubator Intellectual Ventures last year with a mission to record the planet and provide video in real time to users on the ground. Airbus is the company’s manufacturing partner, using production lines made to build thousands of telecom satellites for OneWeb in Toulouse, France and Exploration Park, Florida."

"EarthNow’s imaging payload will drive the cost slightly higher than that of a OneWeb telecom satellite, which is estimated at around $1 million each, he said."

"Hannigan said Airbus is building the satellites using an enhanced version of the OneWeb bus produced by OneWeb Satellites, the Airbus-OneWeb joint venture that is building OneWeb’s constellation."

"Hannigan wouldn’t describe the EarthNow ground system, which would likely require either numerous ground stations or inter-satellite links to ensure real time data delivery, saying only that “each satellite is connected to the ground at all times.”"
SpaceNews  Space  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  OneWeb  manufacturing  Airbus  EarthNow 
april 2018 by pierredv
NASA authorization bill increases emphasis on commercial partnerships - SpaceNews.com April 2018
"A NASA authorization bill to be considered by the House next week would direct NASA to work more closely with commercial partners in areas ranging from Earth observation to deep space exploration.

The NASA Authorization Act of 2018, introduced by Rep. Brian Babin (R-Texas), chairman of the House space subcommittee, was released April 13. The legislation is scheduled to be marked up by the full House Science Committee on April 17."

"One part of the bill, titled “Commercial,” includes a number of sections directing NASA to make use of commercial capabilities in future exploration missions."

"The bill’s commercial language is not limited to space systems. The U.S., the bill states, “should foster the development of U.S. private sector remote sensing capabilities and analyses that can satisfy the public interest in long-term continuous collection of medium-resolution land remote sensing data.”"
SpaceNews  legislation  space  NASA  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing 
april 2018 by pierredv
NOAA speeds up remote sensing license reviews amid broader regulatory changes - SpaceNews.com
"The small office that currently handles licensing of commercial remote sensing systems says it’s made major progress in processing license applications, even as the government moves ahead with broader reforms."

2015: avg 210 days
2016: avg 140 days

"One reason for the decreased review time is the establishment of a memorandum of understanding last year involving the Departments of Commerce, State, Defense and Interior, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, establishing procedures for interagency reviews for commercial remote sensing license applications."

"Some changes will require legislation, and the recommendation called on the Commerce Department to develop a legislative proposal “that would further enable the rapid, efficient, and predictable permitting of commercial remote sensing activities” by July 1."

"Congress has already been looking into legislative reform of the commercial remote sensing licensing process. The House Science Committee favorably reported last June the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act, which includes provisions to streamline licensing of such systems. The Senate has been drafting its own commercial space legislation that is also expected to address regulatory reform."
SpaceNews  NOAA  EO  remote-sensing  space  satellite  legislation  DoC  DoD  StateDepartment  DNI 
april 2018 by pierredv
NOAA explains restriction on SpaceX launch webcast - SpaceNews.com Apr 2018
"During the March 30 launch of 10 Iridium Next satellites on a SpaceX Falcon 9, SpaceX cut off the live video from the rocket’s second stage nine minutes after liftoff. The company cited “restrictions” imposed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for terminating the live feed."

"In a statement later March 30, NOAA invoked federal law that requires any commercial remote sensing system capable of taking images of the Earth from orbit be licensed by the agency. “Now that launch companies are putting video cameras on stage 2 rockets that reach an on-orbit status, all such launches will be held to the requirements of the law and its conditions,” NOAA stated. "

"For now, NOAA does not have the ability to waive the need for a license, including for upper stages with onboard cameras."
SpaceNews  SpaceX  NOAA  EO  licensing 
april 2018 by pierredv
Satellite images from highly oblique angles are pretty mindblowing | Ars Technica April 2018
So Simmon began fiddling with some of Planet's satellites, including its 13 SkySats orbiting at 450km above the Earth's surface that have a resolution of 80cm per pixel. Instead of taking overhead images, Simmon began to capture images from highly oblique angles—as much as a 60- or 70-percent difference from directly overhead images.
ArsTechnica  Planet  EO  EarthObservation  images  imaging 
april 2018 by pierredv
European Space Agency teams with ICEYE Finnish start-up - BBC News Mar 2018
"The European Space Agency is to work with Finnish start-up ICEYE on ways to exploit its novel radar satellites. ICEYE-X1 was launched in January - the first of multiple spacecraft that will go up in the coming years. About the size of a suitcase, these are the world's smallest synthetic aperture radar satellites and cost a fraction of traditional platforms."

"ICEYE wants to couple this vision with high temporal resolution, meaning a single spot on the Earth's surface would be surveyed several times a day. Algorithms will scour the data to detect significant changes. High-repeat requires a network of satellites, and ICEYE envisages perhaps 30 platforms in orbit."
BBC  space  EO  EarthObservation  ICEYE  satellite  smallsats  ESA  SAR  radar 
march 2018 by pierredv
Five Satellite Highlights from the FY2018 Omnibus Bill - Via Satellite - Mar 2018
"two clear winners were NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which received $20.7 billion and $1.85 billion respectively. Here are a few of the programs that got the most significant boost in funding:"

=Commercial Earth Observation
= Wideband Global Satcom satellites, WGS 11 and WGS 12
= GOES-R/JPSS
= James Webb Space Telescope
= Earth science
ViaSatellite  legislation  NASA  EarthObservation  EO  NOAA 
march 2018 by pierredv
International ground stations tricky for smallsat operators to license - SpaceNews.com
Small satellite operators wanting to build ground stations in multiple nations to connect with their satellites are finding it complicated dealing with different sets of regulations.

Those regulations vary to the point that trying to establish a ground station in one country might create disagreements between different nations over how those stations are controlled, industry representatives said Feb. 6 at the SmallSat Symposium here.

For NOAA’s licensing office for remote sensing satellites, the increasing globalization of the space industry means more countries are starting to regulate the same sector.

“If you have ground stations in another country, that country then wants to take jurisdiction and regulate you, and those regulations can contradict the way that the United States regulates,” said Tahara Dawkins, director of NOAA’s Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs Office. “That’s a problem. That’s something that we are facing now with many of our companies with just something as simple as ground stations.”
SpaceNews  small-sats  cubesats  regulation  NOAA  EO  EarthObservation 
february 2018 by pierredv
A Suitcase-Size Satellite’s Big Image of Frozen Earth Below - The New York Times Jan 2018
"About two weeks ago, a satellite called Iceye-X1 hitched a ride into orbit aboard an Indian rocket. It’s about the size of a suitcase, and has already sent its first picture, constructed out of microwave radar reflections, back to Earth."

"The price for the first satellite was in the “single digits in millions,” Mr. Modrzewski said. He said a more traditional radar satellite would cost a hundred times more."
satellite  earth-observation  EO  Iceye  SAR  small-sats 
january 2018 by pierredv
Accelerating Satellite Data Collection with Regulatory Reform
via Brandt Pasco

"we partnered with DigitalGlobe (DG) and NVIDIA to release labeled, very high resolution satellite imagery on Amazon Web Services as part of SpaceNetTM in order to accelerate this exploration. Other organizations such Planet, Draper, Dstl, IEEE and IARPA have all launched competitions focusing on the analysis of satellite imagery."

" it is worth taking a moment to examine an important factor influencing how startups and incumbents are able to collect and sell satellite data: regulation"

"Venture capital funding and new company starts are at an all-time high (see CB Insights report) and incumbent aerospace firms have made a series of new product announcements (e.g. DG’s Legion story). On the other hand, there has been a growing list of public and private sector stakeholders bemoaning the current state of the U.S.’s outdated remote sensing regulatory framework (e.g., U.S. Rep. Babin, U.S. Rep. Kilmer, Planet, and DG)."

"There are three major concerns with the current process: (1) timeliness of review; (2) predictability; and (3) transparency."

"... the 1992 Land Remote Sensing Policy Act was designed for companies developing a limited number of large satellites. The development timeline for these systems was usually long and required extensive financing. As one might expect, this licensing process has been unable to keep pace with the new, more rapid development and deployment schedules posed by space startups and incumbents with new product lines."

"... NOAA CRSRA is supposed to issue a licensing decision no later than 120 days after submission. Some have described this timeline as “almost an impossible feat” for a variety of reasons ranging from staffing issues to the “stop clock” requirement ..."

"Second, industry’s frustration with licensing delays has been further exacerbated by the lack of predictability of those timelines"

"Third and finally, industry stakeholders have repeatedly expressed their concern with the lack of transparency regarding licensing questions or changes to the existing license conditions. "

FCC: companies "have also expressed some frustration with the increasingly frequent delays. There are two primary causes for these delays: (1) spectrum interference claims and (2) orbital interference claims."

"Despite the legitimate concerns regarding access to spectrum and interference and momentary service disruptions, many interference claims lack detailed analyses quantifying the level of projected risk especially from a low earth orbit (LEO) constellation"

"Proposed policy solutions to the existing regulatory framework remain in their formative stages. Stakeholder opinion ranges from advocating for adjustments to the existing system to a “fundamental rethinking” of the licensing process."

Recommendations
= auto-approval determinations
= review transparency
= adherence to timeline
= government coordination
Medium  In-Q-Tel  satellite  EO  earth-observation  regulation  remote-sensing  risk-assessment  NOAA  FCC  FAA 
january 2018 by pierredv
Spire Global is expanding cubesat constellation to offer persistent global view - SpaceNews.com
"Spire Global, the San Francisco-based company that operates 48 GPS radio occultation cubesats, could provide a persistent view of about 97 percent of Earth with a constellation of 150 satellites"

"A constellation of 100 to 200 radio occultation satellites, which provide detailed observations of atmospheric temperature and moisture, could be used in conjunction with geostationary weather satellites like NOAA’s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-16 to dramatically improve the accuracy and spatial resolution of global weather prediction models, MacDonald said."

"Spire also is expanding its ground network. The company has 27 ground stations operating and is pushing to increase that number to 50 because the added ground stations will allow the firm to provide customers with data no more than 30 minutes old"

"In addition to using its spacecraft for meteorology, Spire’s cubesats carry Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) payloads for aircraft tracking and Automatic Identification System (AIS) payloads for maritime tracking. “We collect about 10 million ship reports a day,” MacDonald said."
SpaceNews  Spire  EO  EarthObservation  cubesats  meteorology  ADS-B 
january 2018 by pierredv
Is the Earth-observation industry consolidating, or just evolving? - SpaceNews.com June 2017
"Dylan Taylor, a SpaceNews contributor and investor whose portfolio includes OmniEarth and Planet, sees consolidation going on in three dimensions. There is horizontal consolidation, as companies merge with their competitors; vertical, where companies merge with others to build up a more complete set of both imagery and analysis capabilities; and financial, where private equity companies “roll up” several companies to later sell or take public through an initial public offering (IPO) of stock."

"Not everyone, though, is convinced that the Earth observation sector is consolidating"

"If the Earth-observation sector isn’t consolidating, though, it is evolving. ... the focus was primarily on collecting imagery and selling it to any and all takers. ... However, that business model is changing. Earth-observation firms realize than many commercial customers have neither the ability nor the interest to develop their own imagery analysis pipelines. Instead, they want the intelligence derived from those images."
NewSpace  SpaceNews  EO  EarthObservation  space  satellite  SkyBox  Planet  MDA  Maxar  EagleView  OrbitalInsight 
january 2018 by pierredv
Morocco satellite launch could accelerate Spanish space efforts - SpaceNews.com Jan 2018
Regional rivalry: "Morocco’s launch of its Mohammed 6-A satellite last November could accelerate Spain’s work on its SeoSat/Ingenio optical Earth-observation satellite, which is expected to launch in late 2019 or early 2020."

"Budding regional space rivalry?

Meanwhile, Algeria, another regional rival of Morocco, successfully launched its first communication satellite from China on Dec. 11. "
SpaceNews  satellite  EarthObservation  EO  surveillance  reconnaissance  Spain  Morocco  ThalesAlenia  Airbus  Algeria 
january 2018 by pierredv
November/December 2017 - From Looking to Listening: NewSpace Changes Course | Via Satellite
"How Earth observation is changing the mindset of the NewSpace revolution."

"For years, the first questions were about imagery... The last year has provided a stark contrast to those formative times for the industry. First, there was consolidation in the imagery space with Planet acquiring Terra Bella, MDA buying DigitalGlobe, and EagleView Technologies purchasing OmniEarth. Second, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced that for the first time in history it would be purchasing commercial weather data, and that the technology they wanted was GPS radio occultation. In addition to being a remarkable success for NewSpace, the announcement drove mass recognition of a non-imaging data type and signaled major changes for all of us in the industry."

"In addition to a fast uptake in the weather community, public agencies are quickly finding avenues to purchase additional NewSpace data sets. When the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency became interested in Spire’s ship data over the Arctic, a joint effort between Spire and Ball Aerospace created an easy avenue to leverage cutting edge data and long-time industry experience. Similar structures and direct data purchases are happening around the world for ship tracking and new radio-based sensors are being proposed monthly."

"Despite more than a half decade of looking toward imagery, we should now turn our ears toward listening. All of our technologies, communications, GPS, entertainment and others, have turned our planet into a noisy place full of important signals just waiting to be collected and put into the waiting hands of companies around the globe. What looks like noise at first glance is actually a nearly endless supply of powerful datasets that can empower business, government, and the wellbeing of people around the globe."
ViaSatellite  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  NewSpace  EO 
december 2017 by pierredv
Lockheed Martin Exec on Staying Relevant in the NewSpace Era - Via Satellite -Via Satellite
"The space community has latched onto the idea of “NewSpace” much like any tech industry gravitates to a sexy new buzzword. In reality, though, the division between NewSpace companies and their established predecessors — or “Old Space” — is a false dichotomy, says Rick Ambrose, Lockheed Martin’s executive vice president of space systems."

"According to Ambrose, the satellite industry has grown accustomed to 15-year contracts with assets that can last on orbit almost twice that, which makes it hard to inject new technology and capabilities. Some NewSpace, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) constellations boast very short lifespans for their satellites, allowing for faster refresh times and additional redundancy — and Ambrose believes this approach might cross over to GEO as well."

“Both the wideband communications and some of the Earth Observation (EO) marketplaces are getting pretty commoditized. I think we’ve counted 23 or 24 startup EO companies that want to take visible pictures of the Earth. Clearly there will be a market there but not for that many,” he said. “Likewise, I think there’s a hunger for communications, but I don’t think everyone is going to be successful in the long haul.”
SatelliteToday  satellite  LockheedMartin  NewSpace  3Dprinting  EO  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  interviews 
november 2017 by pierredv
8 Satellite Data Startups Doing Geospatial Analysis - Nanalyze - Nanalyze
Capella Space - CEO "emphasizes that while his company builds satellites, it considers itself an information business"

Ursa Space Systems - "main products include a weekly time series on oil stocks down to the tank level"

SpaceKnow - "business intelligence based on imagery [plus] offers a range of other products, based on its machine-learning platform"

TellusLabs - " combining satellite imagery with other data such as local weather and crop conditions, its machine-learning algorithms ..."

UrtheCast - "does a little bit of everything in satellite data ... makes most of its money from selling satellite imagery and even video from its own satellites and space-based cameras"
satellite  geospatial-analysis  NewSpace  AI  MachineLearning  remote-sensing  EO 
september 2017 by pierredv

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