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pierredv : earthobservation   26

Cliff Mass Weather and Climate Blog: Will 5G Undermine Weather Prediction?
potential harm to U.S. and worldwide numerical weather prediction by interfering with the 23.8 GHz band is certainly real, but difficult to quantify
Cliff-Mass  5G  interference  NOAA  MetSat  EarthObservation  EO 
may 2019 by pierredv
Earth Observation: Not Just Imagery - NSR, Jan 2019
"In an industry dominated by optical and radar imaging satellites, it is not surprising to see diversification into non-imagery assets, such as the recent announcements from Spire, GeoOptics, and GHGsat. Radio occultation, greenhouse gas monitoring, infrared, the market is expanding, looking for new ways to monitor human activity and the changing world.

NSR’s Satellite-Based Earth Observation, 10th Edition report forecasts the revenue opportunity from non-imagery data to grow to almost $255M by 2027, at a CAGR of 45.7%. Early investment from Public Authorities, Weather, and Energy customers is expected to drive the market, until supply and data pipelines are matured, when Services and Industrial verticals especially will show more interest."

"... NSR forecasts the opportunity to shift in the favor of these downstream services, from 5% of total non-imagery EO revenues coming from IP and Big Data analytics in 2017 to 74% by 2027."
NSR  satellite  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  EO  market-research 
january 2019 by pierredv
NSR Report: Earth Observation Markets to Generate $54 Billion in Revenue by 2027 - NSR, Oct 2018
"NSR’s Satellite-Based Earth Observation (EO), 10th Edition report, released today, projects Earth Observation satellite data and services will represent a $54 billion cumulative opportunity over the next ten years, growing to $6.9 billion annually in 2027"

"The market’s evolution toward more on-demand data and services will be driven by satellite constellations, high-volume imagery platforms, and subscriptions"

"As the EO industry continues to shift from imagery to insights, ... a greater opportunity for downstream Information Products and Big Data analytics, than for the sale of data."

"the market is expected to face aggressive consolidation"
NSR  EO  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  satellite  business  market-research  data-analytics  analytics 
october 2018 by pierredv
APOD: 2018 September 9 - Aerosol Earth
"... the Goddard Earth Observing System Forward Processing (GEOS FP) model relies on a combination of Earth-observing satellite and ground-based data to calculate the presence of types of aerosols, tiny solid particles and liquid droplets, as they circulate above the entire planet. This August 23rd model shows black carbon particles in red from combustion processes, like smoke from the fires in the United States and Canada, spreading across large stretches of North America and Africa. Sea salt aerosols are in blue, swirling above threatening typhoons near South Korea and Japan, and the hurricane looming near Hawaii. Dust shown in purple hues is blowing over African and Asian deserts."
images  photography  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  APOD  ** 
september 2018 by pierredv
EO Investment Picture: Worth More Than a Thousand Words - Northern Sky Research Jul 2018
"The Earth Observation (EO) market has been in constant evolution and recently, it has transitioned from costly, large EO satellites to smaller, more nimble ones flying as part of constellations. Using many small satellites is enabling real-time earth monitoring and observation, and with this, increasingly large amounts of data are being produced every day. Additionally, medium resolution imaging (1 m. to 5 m.) is abundant, and its price relatively low and declining."

"This combination of price decrease and data profusion has created a business opportunity favoring the entrance of new players and the application of digital technologies into new business models,"

"Small satellite constellations with new sensor technologies have enabled data and imaging of the Earth in large amounts, thereby allowing for a new set of companies to arise at the intersection of low-priced imagery and digital technologies: data analytics.

And it is not by coincidence that NSR’s research found almost 90% of new space companies dedicated to EO are for data analytics; inexpensive imagery and digital technologies can deliver high value intelligence applications at a much cheaper cost."

"45% of new EO companies were founded in North America and captured 84% of total investments."

"Diving deeper into 2017, and more particularly into the dynamic North American market, NSR’s analysis shows most investor attention was focused on two companies: Orbital Insights and Descartes Labs. "
NSR  satellite  space  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  business  market-research  data-analytics  investing  EO  OrbitalInsights  DescartesLabs 
july 2018 by pierredv
Earth observation startup Planet trims workforce by "less than ten percent" - Jul 2018
"Planet, the startup that operates the world’s largest constellation of Earth imaging satellites, laid off dozens of workers July 13. One source put the number at 38."

Per Jeff Foust, seem to be "shifting from developing its imaging satellite constellation to creating new commercial products based on the images those satellites provide"

"Planet was founded in 2010 with a small team and a big idea: to deploy an enormous constellation of cubesats to offer daily, global Earth imagery. The San Francisco startup, which grew to employ nearly 500 people, achieved that goal late last year with 200 satellites, including its own cubesats and larger spacecraft it acquired when it took control of BlackBridge’s RapidEye fleet in 2015 and Google’s Terra Bella constellation in 2017."
SpaceNews  space  remote-sensing  satellite  business  EO  EarthObservation 
july 2018 by pierredv
Non-GEO Constellations: Surviving the Disruption - Northern Sky Research - May 2018
"The main industry segments most affected by Non-GEO constellations are HTS Communications, IoT and Earth Observation (EO). ... The main industry segments most affected by Non-GEO constellations are HTS Communications, IoT and Earth Observation (EO). Each of these segments presents its own set of challenges and therefore different barriers to success. NSR’s Satellite Constellations: A Critical Assessment report investigates for the first time what guarantees success for LEO constellations within these three segments and the associated disruption on the industry."

"higher revenue requires a higher market share, which further requires low latency and higher coverage. That is the main value proposition of mega-constellations. However, the bigger the constellation, the higher the capital investment needed, and the higher the complexity of manufacturing with (because of their architecture) higher replenishment cost."

"The new Non-GEO constellations are expected to cause the biggest disruption in the HTS segment, conspicuously in Consumer Broadband and Backhaul/Enterprise verticals."

"these new LPWAN IoT constellations, despite offering the highest innovative disruption value, are not likely to have a significant impact on the overall satellite industry - financially, contributing just over 2% of overall NGEO revenues by 2027."

"A combination of low revenues and insufficient market capture will restrain at least one EO constellation from closing its business case."

"New IoT constellations such as Hiber, Astrocast and Kepler have a unique business case based on providing low cost, low power IoT solutions. This market is currently addressed by companies like Sigfox and LoRA on the terrestrial side and – to a limited extent – Iridium, Globalstar and Orbcomm on the satellite side."
NSR  market-research  satellite  space  business  LEO  NGSO  IoT  EO  EarthObservation 
may 2018 by pierredv
Deimos Imaging Makes History with US GSA Contract - Via Satellite - April 2018
Deimos Imaging and UrtheCast have won a GSA Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) 070 contract by the United States General Services Administration (GSA), the procurement arm of the federal government. The five-year GSA program establishes long-term government-wide contracts and allows federal customers to efficiently purchase Earth observation products and services from Deimos Imaging under GSA IT Schedule 70, Special Item Number 132-41. Under this contract, Deimos Imaging can provide federal, state, local, tribal, and regional government agencies with customized and ready-to-use satellite imagery products and services.
ViaSatellite  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  DoD  GSA  DeimosImaging  UrtheCast 
april 2018 by pierredv
Satellite operators, data analysts agree on need for speed - April 2018
"Geospatial data companies are focusing intently on quickly acquiring satellite imagery and delivering it to customers."

Jeff Foust's gloss: "executives from several companies said they're developing larger networks of ground stations, and turning to advanced technologies like laser communications, to quickly get images from their spacecraft to the ground and then on to customers. The longer it takes to deliver images, they argue, the less valuable it is to their customers"

"The focus on speed is essential because geospatial data is most valuable when its fresh."
SpaceNews  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  EO  Planet  Maxar  HawkEye360  Airbus  DigitalGlobe  Ursa  BlackSky 
april 2018 by pierredv
Startup with SoftBank, Airbus investment planning video constellation with several hundred satellites - Apr 2018
"A satellite startup that today announced SoftBank, Airbus, Bill Gates and OneWeb founder Greg Wyler as investors says it has plans to field a constellation of hundreds of satellites to provide global video of the Earth, but provided few details on how it will accomplish that goal."

"EarthNow spun out of the business incubator Intellectual Ventures last year with a mission to record the planet and provide video in real time to users on the ground. Airbus is the company’s manufacturing partner, using production lines made to build thousands of telecom satellites for OneWeb in Toulouse, France and Exploration Park, Florida."

"EarthNow’s imaging payload will drive the cost slightly higher than that of a OneWeb telecom satellite, which is estimated at around $1 million each, he said."

"Hannigan said Airbus is building the satellites using an enhanced version of the OneWeb bus produced by OneWeb Satellites, the Airbus-OneWeb joint venture that is building OneWeb’s constellation."

"Hannigan wouldn’t describe the EarthNow ground system, which would likely require either numerous ground stations or inter-satellite links to ensure real time data delivery, saying only that “each satellite is connected to the ground at all times.”"
SpaceNews  Space  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  OneWeb  manufacturing  Airbus  EarthNow 
april 2018 by pierredv
NASA authorization bill increases emphasis on commercial partnerships - April 2018
"A NASA authorization bill to be considered by the House next week would direct NASA to work more closely with commercial partners in areas ranging from Earth observation to deep space exploration.

The NASA Authorization Act of 2018, introduced by Rep. Brian Babin (R-Texas), chairman of the House space subcommittee, was released April 13. The legislation is scheduled to be marked up by the full House Science Committee on April 17."

"One part of the bill, titled “Commercial,” includes a number of sections directing NASA to make use of commercial capabilities in future exploration missions."

"The bill’s commercial language is not limited to space systems. The U.S., the bill states, “should foster the development of U.S. private sector remote sensing capabilities and analyses that can satisfy the public interest in long-term continuous collection of medium-resolution land remote sensing data.”"
SpaceNews  legislation  space  NASA  EO  EarthObservation  remote-sensing 
april 2018 by pierredv
Satellite images from highly oblique angles are pretty mindblowing | Ars Technica April 2018
So Simmon began fiddling with some of Planet's satellites, including its 13 SkySats orbiting at 450km above the Earth's surface that have a resolution of 80cm per pixel. Instead of taking overhead images, Simmon began to capture images from highly oblique angles—as much as a 60- or 70-percent difference from directly overhead images.
ArsTechnica  Planet  EO  EarthObservation  images  imaging 
april 2018 by pierredv
European Space Agency teams with ICEYE Finnish start-up - BBC News Mar 2018
"The European Space Agency is to work with Finnish start-up ICEYE on ways to exploit its novel radar satellites. ICEYE-X1 was launched in January - the first of multiple spacecraft that will go up in the coming years. About the size of a suitcase, these are the world's smallest synthetic aperture radar satellites and cost a fraction of traditional platforms."

"ICEYE wants to couple this vision with high temporal resolution, meaning a single spot on the Earth's surface would be surveyed several times a day. Algorithms will scour the data to detect significant changes. High-repeat requires a network of satellites, and ICEYE envisages perhaps 30 platforms in orbit."
BBC  space  EO  EarthObservation  ICEYE  satellite  smallsats  ESA  SAR  radar 
march 2018 by pierredv
Five Satellite Highlights from the FY2018 Omnibus Bill - Via Satellite - Mar 2018
"two clear winners were NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which received $20.7 billion and $1.85 billion respectively. Here are a few of the programs that got the most significant boost in funding:"

=Commercial Earth Observation
= Wideband Global Satcom satellites, WGS 11 and WGS 12
= James Webb Space Telescope
= Earth science
ViaSatellite  legislation  NASA  EarthObservation  EO  NOAA 
march 2018 by pierredv
Debate over interference limits in 26 GHz heats up | PolicyTracker Mar 2018
"A major debate is taking shape for WRC-19 over concerns that mobile use of the popular 26 GHz band for 5G could cause harmful interference to earth exploration satellites in 23.6-24 GHz. The key is to get the emissions limits right, stakeholders say, with a significant gap between proposals from European administrations and those from the mobile industry."

"Rancy believes that if in any frequency band it does not appear possible to design equipment that will protect adjacent bands, those bands will not be accepted for 5G. It’s up to engineers to find the appropriate level of protection for the passive services, he said."

"As ITU studies began ahead of WRC-19, it became clear that using 26 GHz for mobile services could potentially interfere with the very sensitive global warming monitoring being carried out by the European Space Agency (ESA) satellite in spectrum just below 24.25 GHz, Ercole said."
PolicyTracker  EarthObservation  26GHz  5G 
march 2018 by pierredv
The Afternoon Constellation - A-Train
NASA and its international partners operate several Earth-observing satellites that closely follow one after another along the same orbital “track.” This coordinated group of satellites, constituting a significant subset of NASA’s current operating major satellite missions, is called the Afternoon Constellation, or the A-Train, for short. The satellites are in a polar orbit, crossing the equator northbound at about 1:30 p.m. local time, within seconds to minutes of each other. This allows near-simultaneous observations of a wide variety of parameters to aid the scientific community in advancing our knowledge of Earth-system science and applying this knowledge for the benefit of society. Six satellites currently fly in the A-Train: OCO-2, GCOM-W1, Aqua, CALIPSO, CloudSat, and Aura.
NASA  space  satellites  EarthObservation  orbits 
february 2018 by pierredv
National Space Council backs incremental space regulatory reform - Feb 2018
Four recommendations:

1. "calling on the Department of Transportation to replace “prescriptive launch and reentry licensing regimes” with a streamlined system by next March. The recommendation didn’t go into details about that plan, but the Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation has proposed what it calls a “21st century licensing process” that would address the ability to use the same launch license at multiple sites, or for different versions of the same family of vehicle."

2. "consolidating the Office of Space Commerce and the Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs Office, both within the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, and placing them in the office of the Secretary of Commerce."

Wilbur Ross: “This elevated and amplified Office of Space Commerce will coordinate all space-related functions at the department: remote sensing, spectrum policy, export controls, business and trade promotion, to name a few.”

3. NTIA "to work with the Federal Communications Commission “to develop protections for the radiofrequency spectrum facilitating commercial space activities.”"

4. "Council’s executive secretary, Scott Pace, to work with members of the Council to develop recommendations on export control reform"

"One topic that did not get much attention in the recommendations is commercial remote sensing regulations, beyond the decision to consolidate the office that licenses such systems within the Office of Space Commerce. Ross noted that commercial remote sensing regulations and their underlying law date back 25 years, but did not propose specific reforms."

Users Advisory Group: "The 29 members formally nominated — their appointments await approval by NASA Acting Administrator Robert Lightfoot, a formality — are heavily weighted towards industry. . . Notably absent from the panel’s membership were executives with companies that provide space services, like satellite operators and commercial remote sensing companies. "
NationalSpaceCouncil  space  SpaceNews  remote-sensing  EarthObservation 
february 2018 by pierredv
European satellite 'blinded' by radio interference - Oct 2010
The European Space Agency (ESA) said on Wednesday that it had launched a behind-the-scenes campaign to shut down illicit radio and TV transmissions interfering with a major climate satellite.
The 315-million-euro (434-million-dollar) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) probe "has been bugged by patches of interference from radar, TV and radio transmissions in what should be a protected band," ESA complained.
satellite  harmful-interference  Interference  EarthObservation  ESA  enforcement 
february 2018 by pierredv
Planet sets deadline for Canadian ground station license - Feb 2018
"Stymied by extended regulatory delays, Planet is planning to remove a ground station it built in Canada if it does not receive a government license for it by June.

Speaking at the Canadian SmallSat Symposium here Feb. 13, Mike Safyan, senior director of launch and ground stations for the San Francisco-based company, said Planet was still waiting for the Global Affairs Canada (GAC) to decide on a remote sensing license the company needs to operate a ground station it has at Inuvik, Northwest Territories."

"Planet has been caught in an unusual regulatory situation. The company applied for, and received, a radiofrequency spectrum license from another ministry, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. However, it also needed the remote sensing license from GAC even though the satellites that will use the ground station are already licensed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the United States."

"GAC has not been forthcoming regarding the reasons for the delay. “We’ve spent a lot of time with GAC, trying to get our application understood,” Safyan said. “The process is incredibly opaque. It’s very rare that we get any meaningful feedback from GAC.”

Planet highlighted the licensing problem last summer. “It’s been a series of no updates since then, and that’s been a real challenge for us,” he said in an interview after his presentation."
SpaceNews  Planet  EarthObservation  regulations  licensing  satellite  space  Canada 
february 2018 by pierredv
International ground stations tricky for smallsat operators to license -
Small satellite operators wanting to build ground stations in multiple nations to connect with their satellites are finding it complicated dealing with different sets of regulations.

Those regulations vary to the point that trying to establish a ground station in one country might create disagreements between different nations over how those stations are controlled, industry representatives said Feb. 6 at the SmallSat Symposium here.

For NOAA’s licensing office for remote sensing satellites, the increasing globalization of the space industry means more countries are starting to regulate the same sector.

“If you have ground stations in another country, that country then wants to take jurisdiction and regulate you, and those regulations can contradict the way that the United States regulates,” said Tahara Dawkins, director of NOAA’s Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs Office. “That’s a problem. That’s something that we are facing now with many of our companies with just something as simple as ground stations.”
SpaceNews  small-sats  cubesats  regulation  NOAA  EO  EarthObservation 
february 2018 by pierredv
Spire Global is expanding cubesat constellation to offer persistent global view -
"Spire Global, the San Francisco-based company that operates 48 GPS radio occultation cubesats, could provide a persistent view of about 97 percent of Earth with a constellation of 150 satellites"

"A constellation of 100 to 200 radio occultation satellites, which provide detailed observations of atmospheric temperature and moisture, could be used in conjunction with geostationary weather satellites like NOAA’s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-16 to dramatically improve the accuracy and spatial resolution of global weather prediction models, MacDonald said."

"Spire also is expanding its ground network. The company has 27 ground stations operating and is pushing to increase that number to 50 because the added ground stations will allow the firm to provide customers with data no more than 30 minutes old"

"In addition to using its spacecraft for meteorology, Spire’s cubesats carry Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) payloads for aircraft tracking and Automatic Identification System (AIS) payloads for maritime tracking. “We collect about 10 million ship reports a day,” MacDonald said."
SpaceNews  Spire  EO  EarthObservation  cubesats  meteorology  ADS-B 
january 2018 by pierredv
Is the Earth-observation industry consolidating, or just evolving? - June 2017
"Dylan Taylor, a SpaceNews contributor and investor whose portfolio includes OmniEarth and Planet, sees consolidation going on in three dimensions. There is horizontal consolidation, as companies merge with their competitors; vertical, where companies merge with others to build up a more complete set of both imagery and analysis capabilities; and financial, where private equity companies “roll up” several companies to later sell or take public through an initial public offering (IPO) of stock."

"Not everyone, though, is convinced that the Earth observation sector is consolidating"

"If the Earth-observation sector isn’t consolidating, though, it is evolving. ... the focus was primarily on collecting imagery and selling it to any and all takers. ... However, that business model is changing. Earth-observation firms realize than many commercial customers have neither the ability nor the interest to develop their own imagery analysis pipelines. Instead, they want the intelligence derived from those images."
NewSpace  SpaceNews  EO  EarthObservation  space  satellite  SkyBox  Planet  MDA  Maxar  EagleView  OrbitalInsight 
january 2018 by pierredv
Morocco satellite launch could accelerate Spanish space efforts - Jan 2018
Regional rivalry: "Morocco’s launch of its Mohammed 6-A satellite last November could accelerate Spain’s work on its SeoSat/Ingenio optical Earth-observation satellite, which is expected to launch in late 2019 or early 2020."

"Budding regional space rivalry?

Meanwhile, Algeria, another regional rival of Morocco, successfully launched its first communication satellite from China on Dec. 11. "
SpaceNews  satellite  EarthObservation  EO  surveillance  reconnaissance  Spain  Morocco  ThalesAlenia  Airbus  Algeria 
january 2018 by pierredv
November/December 2017 - From Looking to Listening: NewSpace Changes Course | Via Satellite
"How Earth observation is changing the mindset of the NewSpace revolution."

"For years, the first questions were about imagery... The last year has provided a stark contrast to those formative times for the industry. First, there was consolidation in the imagery space with Planet acquiring Terra Bella, MDA buying DigitalGlobe, and EagleView Technologies purchasing OmniEarth. Second, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced that for the first time in history it would be purchasing commercial weather data, and that the technology they wanted was GPS radio occultation. In addition to being a remarkable success for NewSpace, the announcement drove mass recognition of a non-imaging data type and signaled major changes for all of us in the industry."

"In addition to a fast uptake in the weather community, public agencies are quickly finding avenues to purchase additional NewSpace data sets. When the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency became interested in Spire’s ship data over the Arctic, a joint effort between Spire and Ball Aerospace created an easy avenue to leverage cutting edge data and long-time industry experience. Similar structures and direct data purchases are happening around the world for ship tracking and new radio-based sensors are being proposed monthly."

"Despite more than a half decade of looking toward imagery, we should now turn our ears toward listening. All of our technologies, communications, GPS, entertainment and others, have turned our planet into a noisy place full of important signals just waiting to be collected and put into the waiting hands of companies around the globe. What looks like noise at first glance is actually a nearly endless supply of powerful datasets that can empower business, government, and the wellbeing of people around the globe."
ViaSatellite  EarthObservation  remote-sensing  NewSpace  EO 
december 2017 by pierredv
Lockheed Martin Exec on Staying Relevant in the NewSpace Era - Via Satellite -Via Satellite
"The space community has latched onto the idea of “NewSpace” much like any tech industry gravitates to a sexy new buzzword. In reality, though, the division between NewSpace companies and their established predecessors — or “Old Space” — is a false dichotomy, says Rick Ambrose, Lockheed Martin’s executive vice president of space systems."

"According to Ambrose, the satellite industry has grown accustomed to 15-year contracts with assets that can last on orbit almost twice that, which makes it hard to inject new technology and capabilities. Some NewSpace, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) constellations boast very short lifespans for their satellites, allowing for faster refresh times and additional redundancy — and Ambrose believes this approach might cross over to GEO as well."

“Both the wideband communications and some of the Earth Observation (EO) marketplaces are getting pretty commoditized. I think we’ve counted 23 or 24 startup EO companies that want to take visible pictures of the Earth. Clearly there will be a market there but not for that many,” he said. “Likewise, I think there’s a hunger for communications, but I don’t think everyone is going to be successful in the long haul.”
SatelliteToday  satellite  LockheedMartin  NewSpace  3Dprinting  EO  remote-sensing  EarthObservation  interviews 
november 2017 by pierredv

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