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FCC Radio Frequency Service Interference Complaint Portal - PSIX-ESIX
To submit radio interference complaints on behalf of public safety entities, first responders, police, fire, law enforcement or a federal agency, click the Public Safety link below. To submit radio interference complaints on behalf of a commercial or federal entity, click the Enterprise link below. For consumer complaints involving TV, phone, internet, radio, or emergency communications, click the Consumer link below.
FCC  public-safety  Interference  EB  enforcement  Enforcement-Bureau 
7 days ago by pierredv
Unlicensed Signal Boosters Get a Boost From Amazon | WIRED Aug 2019
Via Blake Reid

"The FCC requires booster manufacturers to get their products certified as safe, and it publishes each valid certification on its website. WIRED found a number of sellers offering boosters on Amazon that are not listed as certified by the FCC."
Amazon  cellular  enforcement  FCC 
6 weeks ago by pierredv
How to Stop Spam Robocalls With STIR/SHAKEN, New York Intelligencer, May 2018
Phone spam skyrocketed thanks to two things
= VOIP "means that open-source software can let a single computer hooked up to the web make thousands of calls an hour"
= "easy ability of anyone to “spoof” a phone number"

"since mid-2015, a consortium of engineers from phone carriers and others in the telecom industry have worked on [addressing phone spoofing]. The solution: the STIR (Secure Telephone Identity Revisited) and SHAKEN (Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs) standards. The idea: make it so every phone has a certificate of authenticity attached to it — a kind of digital signature — that allows you to once again trust your caller ID."

"STIR/SHAKEN has spent the last year or so running in a test-bed environment overseen by ATIS. ... For this system to work, carriers on both sides of a phone call need to be involved. Verizon has stated that it plans to begin to implement STIR/SHAKEN in parts of its network this year, with a bigger rollout scheduled for 2019"

<Lots of open questions and problems>
= UI not defined
= extra hoops for legitimate VOIP users
= "will only work in the U.S., and robocalls and phone spam are at this point a global problem"
= easy to set up shop anew if flagged as spammer
spam  robocalls  FCC  spoofing 
may 2019 by pierredv
It’s a wrap: FCC concludes first set of high-band auctions, raising $2.7B | FierceWireless May 2019
the Spectrum Frontiers auctions of the 24 GHz and 28 GHz bands raised more than $2.7 billion in gross bids. Combined, 55 applicants were qualified to bid, and the winning bidders won 5,869 licenses, according to the FCC.
FCC  FierceWireless  5G  mmwave  spectrum-auctions  24GHz  28GHz 
may 2019 by pierredv
FCC Chairman Pai: Private sector should build 5G; security is key issue | FierceWireless
"Looking at the bigger picture, “we believe 5G security issues need to be addressed upfront,” he said in prepared remarks. “Making the right choices when deployment is beginning is much easier than trying to correct mistakes once network construction and operation is well underway. Moreover, decisions that impact 5G security need to be made with the long term in mind. Focusing too heavily on short-term considerations could result in choices that are penny-wise but pound foolish.”"
FierceWireless  5G  security  cyber-spectrum  cybersecurity  FCC  Ajit-Pai 
may 2019 by pierredv
Captain Midnight broadcast signal intrusion - Wikipedia
"On April 27, 1986, American electrical engineer and business owner John R. MacDougall, using the pseudonym Captain Midnight, jammed the Home Box Office (HBO) satellite signal on Galaxy 1 "

FCC penalities were nugatory then, too: under a plea bargain, John MacDougal "received a $5,000 fine, one year unsupervised probation, and his amateur radio license was suspended for a year." It’s amazing he was even found; "a tourist overheard him discussing the incident on a pay phone off Interstate 75"

"Satellite hijacking only became a felony only after this event."
jamming  spectrum-vulnerability  hacking  FCC  Wikipedia  stories  people 
april 2019 by pierredv
Echodyne gets OK to conduct drone detection at Super Bowl | FierceWireless Jan 2019
The FCC has given Echodyne the go-ahead to operate two low powered fixed radar transmitters in the immediate vicinity of Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta during Super Bowl LIII on Sunday.

The radars are intended to be used as part of a drone detection system that will be installed at the perimeter of the stadium to alert security personnel, including federal officers, of any unidentified drone activity during the big game, according to material the company submitted to the FCC.
FierceWireless  FCC  Echodyne  drones  detection  radar 
january 2019 by pierredv
FCC Begins Closing Nearly A Dozen Field Offices. | Story | insideradio.com aug 2016
"The Federal Communications Commission will soon be packing its boxes in nearly a dozen field offices as the Enforcement Bureau begins implementing the agency’s plans to consolidate operations into fewer locations and rely on a strike force based in Washington, DC. "
FCC  enforcement  Enforcement-Bureau  EB 
january 2019 by pierredv
Swarm, after FCC blunder, hires satellite regulatory veteran Kalpak Gude - SpaceNews.com Jan 2019
"Swarm Technologies, a satellite communications startup infamous for launching four satellites without regulatory approval last year, has hired Kalpak Gude, a well-known spectrum and regulatory expert, to lead its global regulatory activity."

"The FCC fined Swarm $900,000 last month, and stipulated that the startup designate a regulatory compliance director to prevent similar missteps. "
SwarmTechnologies  SpaceNews  FCC  enforcement  satellite  EB 
january 2019 by pierredv
FCC fines Swarm $900,000 for unauthorized smallsat launch - SpaceNews.com Dec 2018 Dec 2018
Swarm Technologies will pay $900,000 to settle an investigation by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission into the startup’s launch of four picosatellites on an Indian rocket this January without regulatory approval, the FCC announced Dec. 20.
space  FCC  enforcement  Enforcement-Bureau  EB  Satellites  SwarmTechnologies  satellite 
december 2018 by pierredv
European and North American authorities consider future spectrum needs of train passengers and operations | PolicyTracker: Nov 2018
"US regulator the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is considering a request for an ultra-wideband positive train control system while in Europe, CEPT is studying spectrum requirements and candidate bands to replace the current train connectivity system. "

"CEPT is currently consulting on spectrum needs for the successor to GSM-R."

"The US regulator is considering a proposal from Metrom Rail for waiver of certain rules to allow the company to install and operate an ultra-wideband positive train control (PTC)system in the 3.272-5.015 GHz band."

"Freight and passenger railroads in the US are required by law to have PTC in place, including all the required spectrum, by 31 December 2018, with PTC systems fully implemented by the end of 2020."
PolicyTracker  railroads  FCC  CEPT  spectrum  800MHz  PTC 
november 2018 by pierredv
SpaceX proposes lower orbit for its 4,000+ satellite constellation | FierceWireless Nov 2018
"SpaceX is asking the FCC to approve modifications to its license to launch and operate a constellation of non-geostationary (NGSO) satellites, reducing the altitude from 1,150 kilometers to a new altitude of 550 km.

The change in altitude will result in lower latency for the satellites—as well as allow SpaceX to speed up the deployment of its constellation."

"The revised plan calls for 16 fewer satellites—to 4,409. It would also allow for SpaceX to surpass the deployment milestones laid out in its license. Under commission rules, it’s supposed to begin operation of at least half of its authorized satellites no later than March 29, 2024. But the new target calls for launching its first batch of satellites before the end of 2019."

"The company explained that by operating closer to the Earth, SpaceX would be able to reduce the latency of its communications signals to as low as 15 milliseconds, “at which point it would be virtually unnoticeable to almost all users.” Under the previous altitude plan, the latency was expected to be on the order of 25-35 milliseconds."

"Moving to the lower altitude also increases the space between its satellites and those of other large proposed NGSO constellations, including OneWeb, Boeing and Telesat."
FierceWireless  SpaceX  NGSO  FCC 
november 2018 by pierredv
High-frequency traders flirt with high-frequency spectrum | PolicyTracker, Nov 2017
"The ongoing hunt for low latency communications between financial exchanges has generated renewed interest in the technology used for shortwave broadcasting – but using the spectrum in this way appears to breach of US regulations."

"Now an engineer in the US has stumbled upon the use of trans-Atlantic shortwave radio by high-frequency traders. As with the use of microwave, the rationale is that radio travels twice as fast through the air than light travels through fibre-optic cables."

"In addition to the technical limitations, the regulatory environment in the US, as it presently stands, also appears to cause problems for shortwave-based high-frequency traders: the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) does not appear to offer any sort of spectrum authorization product for this service."

"According to several commentators, most high-frequency traders overcome the regulatory vacuum by obtaining experimental licences. "
PolicyTracker  shortwave  AM  trading  high-frequency-trading  finance  spectrum  FCC 
november 2018 by pierredv
Viasat shrinks MEO constellation plans - SpaceNews.com Nov 2018
"... another satellite operator is reducing the size of its proposed constellation. Viasat of Carlsbad, California, modified its design for a medium-Earth-orbit constellation that would consist of 20 telecom satellites instead of 24 as originally envisioned, the FCC said Nov. 2."

The smaller constellation would orbit in four orbital pathways in 8,200-kilometer orbits, with five satellites per pathway"

"Viasat is one of several operators to have modified its constellation plans since 2016. The new approvals SpaceX is seeking cover an additional 7,518 satellites in V-band, a rarely used spectrum.

Telesat wants to double its approval, adding another 117 satellites that, like SpaceX, would use V-band spectrum.

OneWeb also asked the FCC to OK 1,200 more satellites in March, although its new request has not yet been scheduled for a vote. "
Viasat  NGSO  satellite  MEO  FCC  constellations 
november 2018 by pierredv
FCC to create new 6 GHz unlicensed band | PolicyTracker, Oct 2018
"The Federal Communications Commission has agreed to publish a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that would allow unlicensed use of the 6 GHz band. The band, which is also being studied in Europe, is widely seen as the world’s next major band for unlicensed applications.

"Under the terms of the proposals, unlicensed access to the 850 MHz of spectrum would be controlled by a lightweight database. This approach, often described as automated frequency control (AFC), is designed to prevent interference to incumbent fixed links. "

"Satellite earth stations use the band for uplinks throughout the band, but particularly within the U-NII-5 frequencies. The FCC does not think these applications should be taken into account by AFC databases because the receivers (satellites) are located so far away from Earth."

"Cable lobbyists the NCTA, as well as Commissioners Michael O’Rielly and Jessica Rosenworcel, have recently promoted the possibility of a Further NPRM (FNPRM) for the 5875–5925 MHz range. ... That band has been reserved in the US for Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC), ... FCC chair Ajit Pai would not commit to an FNPRM, but ... This did not impress Commissioner Rosenworcel."
PolicyTracker  6GHz  unlicensed  FCC  satellite  DSRC 
october 2018 by pierredv
Enforcement Advisories | Federal Communications Commission
The Enforcement Bureau is committed] to strong, vigorous, and fair enforcement of the Commission's rules. . . . The Enforcement Bureau will periodically release Enforcement Advisories, which are designed to educate businesses about and alert consumers to what's required by FCC rules, the purpose of those rules and why they're important to consumers, as well as the consequences of failures to comply. We hope that these Advisories will become a familiar tool for industry and their counsel as they conduct periodic compliance reviews and increase their internal, self-policing efforts.
FCC  EB  enforcement  Enforcement-Bureau 
october 2018 by pierredv
FCC's 5G masterstroke little more than big biz cash giveaway – expert • The Register Sep 2018
"What the FCC should have done, Levin all but shouts from the rooftops, is placed some requirements on Big Cable to rollout out to rural areas in return for making more money in metropolitan areas."
TheRegister  Blair-Levin  FCC  5G 
september 2018 by pierredv
Nokia warns that Trump’s China tariffs could impede U.S. 5G rollouts | FierceWireless
Nokia filed a warning with the FCC that President Trump's moves to levy tariffs on a wide variety of components from China could impede operators’ rollout of 5G network technology in the United States.

“Of particular concern to Nokia are the recent tariffs imposed on trade with China, which specifically target a wide range of components that are critical to 5G,” Nokia wrote in a recent filing to the FCC.
FierceWireless  Nokia  FCC  5G  China  trade  tariffs 
september 2018 by pierredv
FCC Commissioner O'Rielly's Appalling Op-Ed on the ITU - Aug 2018
The FCC Commissioner Michael O'Reilly's recently contributed opinion on the ITU in "The Hill" is beyond bizarre. It also sadly displays an appalling lack of knowledge of the organization and its history. I find it disturbing — as someone who held senior positions at both the FCC and the ITU and wrote the organization's history — how fundamentally ignorant an FCC Commissioner could be today of the global telecommunications ecosystem. Unfortunately, it seems symptomatic of the current Administration's anti-multilateral, alt-truth approaches.
OpenID  opinion  ITU  FCC 
august 2018 by pierredv
FCC establishes procedures for 28, 24 GHz auctions, tees up 39 GHz for 2019 | FierceWireless, Aug 2018
The FCC established bidding procedures for the upcoming 28 GHz and 24 GHz auctions and proposed the next steps in getting the upper 37, 39 and 47 GHz bands ready for a single auction in the second half of 2019.
FCC  mmwave  FierceWireless  spectrum-auctions 
august 2018 by pierredv
Legal Legacies: Milestones In Satellite History - From our Archive - Via Satellite -
Communications Satellite Act
Domestic Satellites - "Open Skies"
Earth Stations
Reduced Orbital Spacing
DBS
The Transponder Sales Decision
Separate (from Intelsat) Systems
Satellite Radio
ViaSatellite  history  satellite  regulations  FCC  Comsat  Echostar  Hughes  Intelsat 
june 2018 by pierredv
FCC proceeds with mmWave 5G plans | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"US mobile industry association the CTIA wanted the planned auctions of the 37.6–40 GHz bands and the 47 GHz band (47.2–48.2 GHz) to be brought forward to November 2018 so that they could be held alongside a planned auction of the 24 GHz band (24.25–24.45 GHz + 24.75–25.25 GHz)."
PolicyTracker  mmwave  5G  FCC  SpectrumFrontiers  CTIA  spectrum-auctions 
june 2018 by pierredv
FCC Issues Inter-Satellite Data Relay Network License to Audacy; Non-GEO Market Access to O3b - Via Satellite - June 2018
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has granted a license to Audacy that authorizes the space communications company operate the world’s first commercial inter-satellite data relay network.

The data relay network will utilize two ground stations, in San Francisco and Singapore, as well as three Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) satellites scheduled to launch in 2019. With this network, Audacy hopes the spectrum will be able to provide real-time downlink, continuous monitoring, and always-on command services to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) spacecraft.

Along with the Audacy license, the FCC has also granted O3b’s request to modify its existing U.S. market access grant by adding new non-geostationary satellites and new frequency bands to provide broadband communication services in the U.S.
ViaSatellite  Audacy  SES  O3b  FCC  NGSO  MEO 
june 2018 by pierredv
U.S. FCC Expands Market Access for SES O3b MEO Constellation | SES June 2018
"SES announced today that it has been granted, by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC), authorization to serve the U.S. market using a significantly expanded O3b fleet in the Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)."

The FCC grant opens significant additional frequencies to SES for use in its non-geostationary (NGSO) constellation and enables it to deploy O3b mPOWER satellites into inclined and equatorial orbits, delivering full global pole-to-pole coverage. A total of 26 new O3b satellites are authorized, in addition to the 16 satellites already operational and in orbit. The grant allows SES to add 4 satellites to its existing O3b constellation, which are scheduled for launch next year, and provides the framework for SES to triple its next-generation O3b mPOWER fleet by giving U.S. market access for another 22 super-powered satellites, of which 7 are currently under construction and scheduled for launch starting in 2021.
SES  satellite  MEO  O3b  FCC  NGSO 
june 2018 by pierredv
FCC Approves Audacy license for commercial satellite data-relay constellation - SpaceNews.com Jun 2018
"The U.S. Federal Communications Commission granted a spectrum license June 7 to Audacy, the Silicon Valley startup planning to establish a space-based commercial communications relay network."

"Audacy plans to send large satellites into medium Earth orbit and to begin providing services in 2020 for satellite, human spaceflight and launch vehicle operators including data downlink, continuous monitoring and command services"
SpaceNews  FCC  Audacy  NGSO  space  satellite  MEO 
june 2018 by pierredv
Mobile and satellite industries disagree on potential 37–43.5 GHz 5G tuning range | PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"These frequencies could all use the same equipment (unlike frequencies at 24.25–29.5 GHz) and they are all are on the WRC-19 agenda for potential identification for IMT in the Radio Regulations."

Summary of View A and View B submitted to IWG-2.
PolicyTracker  mmWave  cellular  satellite  WRC-19  FCC 
may 2018 by pierredv
The Curious Case of the Rogue 'SpaceBee' Satellites - The Atlantic,May 2018
"The SpaceBee is a prototype satellite from Swarm Technologies, a start-up founded in 2016 and based in Los Altos, California. There is little publicly available information about Swarm. According to Mark Harris, the reporter at IEEE Spectrum who first broke the story about the satellites’ unauthorized launch, the company is in stealth mode"

"As of April, there are 589 nanosatellites in orbit—satellites with masses between one kilogram and 10 kilograms (2.2 pounds to 22 pounds), according to a comprehensive database run by Erik Kulu, a spacecraft systems engineer in Glasgow"

"Lockheed Martin is currently building a radar system that would allow the Space Surveillance Network to track smaller objects than is possible now. The program is expected to be finished by the end of this year. "
theAtlantic  satellite  Space  orbital-debris  space-debris  FCC  nanosatellites  cubesats 
may 2018 by pierredv
FCC tells Eutelsat that Intelsat already called dibs on U.S. orbital slot - SpaceNews.com May 2018
"The U.S. Federal Communications Commission rejected a Eutelsat application for a satellite that would use the same spectrum as one planned by Intelsat. Eutelsat and Intelsat both told the FCC they wanted to field a new telecom satellite near 133 degrees west longitude to serve the U.S. market. Intelsat filed its application last May, some eight months ahead of Eutelsat, however. "

"Eutelsat, which says its filings at the United Nation’s International Telecommunication Union predate any filings supporting Intelsat’s Galaxy-15R, has not given up on securing the rights to the slot."
SpaceNews  Intelsat  Eutelsat  licensing  FCC  ITU-R 
may 2018 by pierredv
FCC Proposes Rules to Streamline FM Translator Interference Complaints | May 2018
via Dale hatfield; his commentary:

Based upon my very quick read it:

1. Appears to have been written by the media bureau with out any help from OET (or even EB)
2. Does not address the statistics of propagation – i.e., uncertainties in the calculation of coverage contours
3. Shows little appreciation of the important role of receivers when dealing with adjacent channels
4. Relatedly, does not indicate any knowledge of RIIA
5. The above was probably exacerbated by the fact that there is no indication that more sophisticated techniques were proposed after the original petition
FCC  FM  interference 
may 2018 by pierredv
Part of FCC order says ‘no’ to mobile industry trade groups, sticks with sharing in 37 GHz band | FierceWireless May 2018
"... the FCC rejected recommendations by CTIA, CCA, 5G Americas and T-Mobile to adopt exclusive area licensing in the 37-37.6 GHz band. Instead, the commission said it’s sticking with its previous plan and finds it’s in the public interest to license a portion of the band on a nonexclusive basis and to license the remainder of the band by geographic area to give potential licensees additional opportunity to access large blocks of spectrum or to use 37 GHz spectrum in combination with, and similarly to, 39 GHz spectrum"

"The plan calls for licensing the lower 37 GHz band as six 100 megahertz channels, which will allow for a sufficient acquisition of spectrum by smaller users while still allowing for aggregation by larger entities, according to the report."
mmWave  FCC  licensing  FierceWireless  37GHz 
may 2018 by pierredv
The BDAC, 5G and Cities: The Power and Perils of Asymmetry | Benton Foundation Apr 2018
"it is the first FCC to interpret its statutory mandate to say it doesn’t have much legal authority or policy rights to regulate broadcasters, telephone companies, cable companies, or wireless companies. Instead, its principal regulatory mandate is to regulate another set of enterprises: local governments."

" the BDAC and the FCC will likely adopt a framework in which industry gets all the benefits with no obligations and municipalities get all the costs and no guaranteed benefits."
BentonFoundation  Blair-Levin  5G  FCC  BDAC 
may 2018 by pierredv
Petition for Rulemaking: Service Rules for Unmanned Aircraft Systems Command and Control - TheDCOffice.com, Apr 2019
On April 26, 2018 the FCC released a Public Notice (RM-11798, Report No 3089, DOC-350441A1) requesting comments on a petition for rulemaking by Aerospace Industries Association (AIA_8-Feb-18) asking the FCC to adopt service rules for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) command and control in the 5030-5091 MHz band.

AIA notes the FCC advanced this effort with the adoption of an allocation for UAS command and control links in the 5030-5091 MHz band in March 2017 (view prior activity). In its petition, AIA recommendations rule changes under Part 87 (Aviation Services) of FCC rules and asks the FCC to develop technical and operational rules relating to use of the 5030-5091 MHz band to enable secure Control and Non-Payload Communications (CNPC) links to support safe unmanned aircraft operations in the United States.

Comments are requested within 30 days, by May 29, 2018.
TheDCOffice  UAS  CNPC  FCC  rulemaking 
april 2018 by pierredv
House passes commercial space regulatory bill - SpaceNews.com - Apr 2018
"The House of Representatives approved legislation April 24 that would reform commercial remote sensing regulation and create a licensing regime for “non-traditional” commercial space activities."

"The House approved on a voice vote H.R. 2809, the American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act"

"Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas), chairman of the House Science Committee,... he claimed, removed uncertainty regarding who would regulate emerging commercial space applications, ranging from satellite servicing to lunar landers, that don’t clearly fall into areas already overseen by the [FAA, FCC and NOAA], which today license launches, satellite communications and commercial remote sensing, respectively. "

"bill gives the Office of Space Commerce within the Department of Commerce the authority to issue “certifications” for space objects not otherwise licensed by the FAA or the FCC"

"reforms commercial remote sensing regulations, moving licensing of those spacecraft from NOAA’s Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs office to the Office of Space Commerce"

"easily cleared the House, its future is less certain. The Senate has been working on its own commercial space bill, led by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas), chairman of the Senate space subcommittee."
SpaceNews  legislation  space  DoC  NOAA  FAA  FCC 
april 2018 by pierredv
47 CFR 25.261 - Sharing among NGSO FSS space stations. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
Absent coordination between two or more satellite systems, whenever the increase in system noise temperature of an earth station receiver, or a space station receiver for a satellite with on-board processing, of either system, ΔT/T, exceeds 6 percent due to interference from emissions originating in the other system in a commonly authorized frequency band, such frequency band will be divided among the affected satellite networks in accordance with the following procedure
FCC  satellite  interference  coordination  NGSO  regulations 
april 2018 by pierredv
The FCC’s Big Problem with Small Satellites - IEEE Spectrum Apr 2018
"The FCC was worried about collisions in space, where even the smallest objects traveling at orbital velocities can inflict massive damage on satellites or, in a worst-case scenario, manned spacecraft. It thought Swarm’s SpaceBees satellites, measuring 10 by 10 by 2.5 cm, would be just too small to track."

"An investigation by IEEE Spectrum has revealed that the FCC licensed multiple satellites smaller than 10 cm over the past five years, including some as small as 3.5 by 3.5 by 0.2 cm. But the commission has also changed its mind from one application to the next, refusing launch permission for satellites that were virtually identical to ones previously authorized. This uncertainty has led to at least one satellite maker exporting his technology rather than risk being denied a license in the U.S."

"Launching a kilogram payload to low earth orbit (LEO) currently costs at least $3000. "

"Eventually, NASA adopted KickSat-2 as an official NASA mission. Due to a regulatory quirk, NASA’s own satellites are overseen by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) rather than the FCC. KickSat-2 is now slated for launch late this year or early next. "

"Last summer, the London-based Breakthrough launched six Sprites on a German satellite from an Indian launch vehicle, far outside the FCC’s jurisdiction. Germany has no minimum size regulations for satellites."
IEEE-Spectrum  space  FCC  orbital-debris  tracking  cubesats  NASA 
april 2018 by pierredv
FCC approves SpaceX constellation, denies waiver for easier deployment deadline - SpaceNews.com Mar 2018
"accepted SpaceX’s application to reach U.S customers with a megaconstellation of 4,425 broadband satellites, but denied the company’s request to relax the deadline by which it must have its entire constellation in orbit. [FCC] also said SpaceX’s approval is conditioned on an updated de-orbit plan, since the sheer number of satellites envisioned by SpaceX’s “Starlink” constellation goes far beyond what current guidelines consider manageable."

"NASA, which said a constellation as large as SpaceX’s likely needs to meet more stringent standards than what NASA recommends for de-orbit reliability. NASA’s reliability standard is that at least 90 percent of satellites can deorbit properly after their mission is complete."
SpaceNews  SpaceX  FCC  NASA  orbital-debris  NGSO 
march 2018 by pierredv
FCC Accuses Stealthy Startup of Launching Rogue Satellites - IEEE Spectrum Mar 2018
"Federal Communications Commission (FCC) had dismissed Swarm’s application for its experimental satellites a month earlier, on safety grounds."

"On Wednesday, the FCC sent Swarm a letter revoking its authorization for a follow-up mission with four more satellites, due to launch next month. A pending application for a large market trial of Swarm’s system with two Fortune 100 companies could also be in jeopardy."

"An unauthorized launch would also call into question the ability of secondary satellite ‘ride-share’ companies and foreign launch providers to comply with U.S. space regulations."

"Swarm would provide solar-powered gateways that would collect data from nearby IoT devices using Bluetooth, LoRa, or Wi-Fi, then beam them up to an orbiting SpaceBee using VHF radio. When the SpaceBee passed over a ground station that was connected to the Internet, it would beam the data down again, and on to its end user."
FCC  enforcement  satellite  IoT  launch  space-debris 
march 2018 by pierredv
The FCC says a space startup launched four tiny satellites into orbit without permission - The Verge Mar 2018
Even though both the FCC and FAA can consider space debris during the licensing process, the two agencies do not have full authority over what companies do in space. “At the moment no US entity has oversight over on-orbit activities,” says Weeden. “It’s all done pre-launch licensing.” In fact, this is a good illustration of a strange regulatory gap that’s plagued the space industry: there’s no framework in place for how the government will oversee ambitious commercial missions in orbit.
FCC  FAA  space  Brian-Weeden  orbital-debris  space-debris  TheVerge 
march 2018 by pierredv
Approved Space Station List | Federal Communications Commission
"The list provides the following information for each space station license or U.S. market access grant: the orbital location for a geostationary satellite or identification of the grant as pertaining to a non-geostationary satellite system; space station or system name; call sign; operator name; licensing administration; frequencies; a link to where polarization, coverage, and orbital debris mitigation information can be found; launch date of the space station; and whether the space station has been granted U.S. market access. It also includes links to relevant information concerning certain Federal space stations authorized by the National Telecommunications & Information Administration (NTIA), as well as space stations authorized as points of communications for Earth Stations Aboard Aircraft (ESAA)."
FCC  resources  space  satellite 
march 2018 by pierredv
SiriusXM-AT&T Want Approval for Interference Fix. | Story | insideradio.com - Feb 2017
It has been a decade since SiriusXM Radio first raised the issue of AT&T cellphones causing interference to its network of land-based repeaters. In a letter to the Federal Communications Commission, SiriusXM VP James Blitz says the two companies have devoted “significant resources” toward a “joint coordination effort” to resolve the interference issues. They’ve included what Blitz describes as “extensive and frequent communication at multiple levels of each company” as well as “thousands of hours” of equipment testing. It seems to be paying off.
FCC  SiriusXM  AT&T  SDARS  WCS  interference 
february 2018 by pierredv
MVDDS 5G Coalition accuses OneWeb of stifling 5G terrestrial uses of the 12 GHz band | FierceWireless
"The MVDDS 5G Coalition is stepping up efforts to get the FCC to make more midband spectrum available for 5G, challenging satellite players that say the 12 GHz band is needed for their ventures.

OneWeb and other members of the Satellite Alliance say they’re all for adequate spectrum for 5G but that it should not be accomplished by reallocating or making secondary any satellite operations in the 12 GHz band.

The rift stems mostly from a petition for rulemaking the MVDDS coalition filed more than 18 months ago urging the FCC to remove regulatory constraints on the 12.2-12.7 GHz band that prevent use of the spectrum for 5G wireless broadband services. The coalition, which includes Dish Network, wants the FCC to enable a two-way mobile broadband service in the 12 GHz band."

"he Satellite Alliance, whose members include OneWeb as well as Boeing, Space Norway and Intelsat, posits that the 12 GHz band is not a suitable candidate for terrestrial wireless broadband use and that satellite operators intensively use the band every day."
FierceWireless  5G  MVDDS  satellite  OneWeb  12GHz  SpaceNorway  Boeing  FCC 
february 2018 by pierredv
[pdf] FCC R&O ET Docket 10-142, FCC-11-57
"28. We emphasize that responsibility for protecting services rests not only on new entrants but also on incumbent users themselves, who must use receivers that reasonably discriminate against reception of signals outside their allocated spectrum. In the case of GPS, we note that extensive terrestrial operations have been anticipated in the L-band for at least 8 years. We are, of course, committed to preventing harmful interference to GPS and we will look closely at additional measures that may be required to achieve efficient use of the spectrum, including the possibility of establishing receiver standards relative to the ability to reject interference from signals outside their allocated spectrum."
FCC  rulemaking  receivers 
february 2018 by pierredv
FCC to consider item on bands above 95 GHz at its February meeting | FierceWireless
"The FCC is set to consider an agenda item at its next open commission meeting on Feb. 22 that proposes to open up gobs of new spectrum above 95 GHz.

If approved, the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking would seek comment on adopting rules for fixed point-to-point use of up to 102.2 gigahertz of spectrum in various bands, as well as making up to 15.2 gigahertz of spectrum available for unlicensed use in several band segments and creating a new category of experimental licenses for the 95 GHz to 3 THz range."

aka Spectrum Horizons - Pai blog https://www.fcc.gov/news-events/blog/2018/02/01/innovation-month-fcc

"The FCC noted that the technologies that ultimately are deployed above 95 GHz will depend on the propagation properties of the spectrum in which those technologies will operate. Millimeter wave signals are affected by oxygen and water vapor within the atmosphere, although the amount of signal attenuation varies with frequency and other factors. Attenuation caused by oxygen is significant throughout the millimeter wave spectrum but increases dramatically around 60 GHz, 120 GHz and 183 GHz, the FCC said."
FierceWireless  NPRM  FCC  95GHz  Terahertz 
february 2018 by pierredv
T-Mobile presses for mmWave auction in 2018, says major carriers already acquiring significant holdings | FierceWireless, Jan 2018
If it wasn’t clear before, it is now: Wireless operators want to get their hands on more millimeter wave spectrum, and the more, the merrier. And smaller carriers are worried the deck is going to get stacked against them in favor of the largest operators.

Those themes continue to emerge through comments filed with the FCC as part of its Spectrum Frontiers initiative. The FCC has asked for input on how it should structure spectrum bands above 24 GHz for mobile radio services, and carriers aren’t shy about responding. AT&T, Verizon and T-Mobile, plus the industry association CTIA, are pushing for an auction in 2018, with T-Mobile in particular pointing to Verizon’s accumulation of millimeter wave spectrum on the secondary market giving it a competitive edge.
FierceWireless  28GHz  SpectrumFrontiers  FCC  spectrum-auctions  5G  T-Mobile  Verizon  AT&T  mmWave 
january 2018 by pierredv
Accelerating Satellite Data Collection with Regulatory Reform
via Brandt Pasco

"we partnered with DigitalGlobe (DG) and NVIDIA to release labeled, very high resolution satellite imagery on Amazon Web Services as part of SpaceNetTM in order to accelerate this exploration. Other organizations such Planet, Draper, Dstl, IEEE and IARPA have all launched competitions focusing on the analysis of satellite imagery."

" it is worth taking a moment to examine an important factor influencing how startups and incumbents are able to collect and sell satellite data: regulation"

"Venture capital funding and new company starts are at an all-time high (see CB Insights report) and incumbent aerospace firms have made a series of new product announcements (e.g. DG’s Legion story). On the other hand, there has been a growing list of public and private sector stakeholders bemoaning the current state of the U.S.’s outdated remote sensing regulatory framework (e.g., U.S. Rep. Babin, U.S. Rep. Kilmer, Planet, and DG)."

"There are three major concerns with the current process: (1) timeliness of review; (2) predictability; and (3) transparency."

"... the 1992 Land Remote Sensing Policy Act was designed for companies developing a limited number of large satellites. The development timeline for these systems was usually long and required extensive financing. As one might expect, this licensing process has been unable to keep pace with the new, more rapid development and deployment schedules posed by space startups and incumbents with new product lines."

"... NOAA CRSRA is supposed to issue a licensing decision no later than 120 days after submission. Some have described this timeline as “almost an impossible feat” for a variety of reasons ranging from staffing issues to the “stop clock” requirement ..."

"Second, industry’s frustration with licensing delays has been further exacerbated by the lack of predictability of those timelines"

"Third and finally, industry stakeholders have repeatedly expressed their concern with the lack of transparency regarding licensing questions or changes to the existing license conditions. "

FCC: companies "have also expressed some frustration with the increasingly frequent delays. There are two primary causes for these delays: (1) spectrum interference claims and (2) orbital interference claims."

"Despite the legitimate concerns regarding access to spectrum and interference and momentary service disruptions, many interference claims lack detailed analyses quantifying the level of projected risk especially from a low earth orbit (LEO) constellation"

"Proposed policy solutions to the existing regulatory framework remain in their formative stages. Stakeholder opinion ranges from advocating for adjustments to the existing system to a “fundamental rethinking” of the licensing process."

Recommendations
= auto-approval determinations
= review transparency
= adherence to timeline
= government coordination
Medium  In-Q-Tel  satellite  EO  earth-observation  regulation  remote-sensing  risk-assessment  NOAA  FCC  FAA 
january 2018 by pierredv
[pdf] Plan for Office of Economics and Analytics (OEA)
Recommendations and Report to Chairman Ajit Pai
Federal Communications Commission
January 9, 2018
FCC  economics 
january 2018 by pierredv
U.S. GAO - Telecommunications: FCC Should Improve Monitoring of Industry Efforts to Strengthen Wireless Network Resiliency
What GAO Found: The number of wireless outages attributed to a physical incident—a natural disaster, accident, or other manmade event, such as vandalism—increased from 2009 to 2016, as reported to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). During this time, the number of outages substantially increased from 189 to 1,079 outages, with most of the increase occurring from 2009 to 2011.

What GAO Recommends: FCC should work with industry to develop specific performance measures for the Wireless Network Resiliency Cooperative Framework, monitor the framework's outcomes, and promote awareness of it. FCC agreed with the recommendations.
GAO  FCC  resilience  telecoms  cellular 
january 2018 by pierredv
Official Observer - ARRL
Official Observer appointees have assisted thousands of Amateur Radio operators to maintain their transmitting equipment and comply with operating procedures and regulations. The object of the OO program is to notify amateurs of operating and technical irregularities before they come to the attention of the FCC and to recognize good operating practices.

The OO program serves as the first line of "eyes and ears" for the FCC. It is the backbone of the Amateur Auxiliary. OOs are certified in the Auxiliary by passing a mandatory written examination.
ARRL  interference  FCC  EB  Enforcement-Bureau 
january 2018 by pierredv
FCC Orders Lumenier To Pay FCC $180k For Non-compliant Transmitters - UASweekly.com, Dec 2017
"In an Order released on December 19, the FCC explained that Lumenier Holdco LLC (formerly known as FPV Manuals LLC) was advertising and marketing uncertified AV transmitters capable of operating on both amateur and non-amateur frequencies, including bands reserved for federal government use. Some of the transmitters also exceeded the 1-W power limit for Amateur Radio transmitters used on model craft, the FCC said"
FCC  EB  Enforcement-Bureau  drones  interference  ARRL 
january 2018 by pierredv
FCC begins approval of Orbital ATK satellite-servicing mission for Intelsat-901 - SpaceNews.com Dec 2017
Per Jeff Foust summary: "The FCC last week gave approval for Orbital ATK's Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV) to perform "rendezvous, proximity operations, and docking" with the Intelsat-901 satellite in geostationary orbit. The company still needs approvals from the FCC to relocate Intelsat-901 and then undock from it. The FCC's approvals involved the use of frequencies for telemetry, tracking and command of the MEV"

From the piece:

"The U.S. Federal Communications Commission on Dec. 5 okayed the first part of a satellite-servicing mission Orbital ATK’s Space Logistic subsidiary has with Intelsat, saying the servicing vehicle can execute “rendezvous, proximity operations, and docking with the Intelsat-901” satellite while in a graveyard orbit."

"In a public notice issued Dec. 8, the FCC authorized Space Logistics to use four different frequency bands for telemetry, tracking, and command (TT&C) of MEV-1 as the servicer completes post-launch maneuvers, reaches the graveyard orbit for decommissioned geostationary satellites some 300 kilometers above the geosynchronous arc, and attaches to Intelsat-901."

"Satellite servicing is a relatively new area for regulators, consequently requiring a lot of trailblazing by Orbital ATK. Anderson said the company has been in a dialogue with the FCC, the U.S. State Department and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for several years, and those discussions concluded that the FCC would be the licensing body for launch, deployment, docking and TT&C."

"The NOAA license is required because the MEV has cameras for docking that could also image the Earth, thus necessitating a remote-sensing license."
OrbitalATK  satellite  FCC  SpaceNews  FAA  TT&C  licenses  space  Intelsat 
december 2017 by pierredv
[pdf] GAO - FCC Should Track Growth to Ensure Sufficient Spectrum Remains Available
Highlights of GAO-18-71, a report to congressional requesters

What GAO Found

The stakeholders GAO spoke with identified two primary spectrum-related challenges for the internet of things (IoT)—the availability of spectrum and managing interference. Although not considered an immediate concern, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) staff and some stakeholders noted that rapid increases in IoT devices that use large amounts of spectrum—called highbandwidth devices—could quickly overwhelm networks, as happened with smart phones. Stakeholders and FCC staff also indicated that managing interference is becoming more challenging as the number of IoT and other wireless devices grows, particularly in bands that do not require a spectrum license

What GAO Recommends

FCC should track the growth in (1) high-bandwidth IoT devices and (2) IoT devices that rely on unlicensed spectrum. FCC did not believe these actions are necessary but noted that it would ask its TAC to periodically review and report on IoT’s growth. GAO continues to believe the recommendations are valid.
GAO  IoT  FCC 
november 2017 by pierredv
FCC grants Telesat LEO market access despite ViaSat protests - SpaceNews.com
"Following market approval given to OneWeb in June, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission on Nov. 3 granted global fleet operator Telesat permission to reach the U.S. with a constellation of 117 low-Earth orbit satellites.
Competitor and partner ViaSat of Carlsbad, California, which operates geostationary satellites and is awaiting FCC approval for a medium-Earth orbit system, had urged the FCC to deny Telesat’s filing, but was largely rebuffed."

"The FCC also granted Space Norway market access Nov. 3 to reach the U.S. with two satellites in non-geostationary elliptical orbits. Both Telesat and ViaSat sought to block Space Norway."

"Telesat plans to select a manufacturer for its constellation next year, and start launching in 2020, leading up to activation in 2021. The full constellation will support broadband communications with several terabits of total capacity."

"The FCC did include conditions on Telesat, such as a need to clarify space debris mitigation as the constellation progresses. . . . OneWeb and Spire both took up space situational awareness issues about Telesat LEO with the FCC. "
SpaceNews  Telesat  ViaSat  OneWeb  Ka-band  satellite  FCC  SpaceNorway  space-debris  Spire 
november 2017 by pierredv
47 CFR 25.157 - Consideration of applications for NGSO-like satellite operation. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
"This section specifies the procedures for considering license applications for “NGSO-like” satellite operation, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section."
FCC  regulations  satellite  rules  licensing  NGSO 
october 2017 by pierredv
The US incentive auction and what it means for spectrum auctions in other countries
Good summary

"The recent US incentive auction has cleared 84MHz of TV broadcasting spectrum in the 600MHz band and assigned 2×35MHz nationwide (barring a few unsold lots) for mobile use, with a net gain for the US Treasury of almost USD9 billion. This article considers how successful the incentive auction was and whether the approach used by the FCC is likely to be adopted in other countries to facilitate the transfer of spectrum to new uses."
AnalysysMason  FCC  incentive-auction 
october 2017 by pierredv
47 CFR 2.102 - Assignment of frequencies. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
(f) The stations of a service shall use frequencies so separated from the limits of a band allocated to that service as not to cause harmful interference to allocated services in immediately adjoining frequency bands.
spectrum  harmful-interference  interference  regulations  FCC  47CFR  licensing 
october 2017 by pierredv
Google Loon gets OK to help provide emergency cell service in Puerto Rico | FierceWireless, Oct 2017
Project Loon, led by Google’s parent company Alphabet, will get a chance to show how its network of balloons can provide connectivity to the people of Puerto Rico thanks to the FCC’s approval on Friday.
Alphabet  Loon  HAPS  PuertoRico  FCC 
october 2017 by pierredv
Federal Register :: Comprehensive Review of Licensing and Operating Rules for Satellite Services
SUMMARY:
The Federal Communications Commission comprehensively streamlines its rules governing licensing and operation of satellites and earth stations to foster more rapid deployment of services, greater investment, and new innovation.

Agency/Docket Number:
FCC 15-167 (2nd R&O in IB 12-267) and FCC 16-58 (Erratum)
FCC  satellite  regulation  FederalRegister  licensing 
september 2017 by pierredv
FCC Denies EchoStar Request for Co-primary Geostationary Orbit Ka-band Designation | TvTechnology
"The FCC's International Bureau last week denied a Petition for Rulemaking filed by EchoStar Satellite Corporation requesting the commission modify its Ka-band plan to permit geostationary satellite orbit (GSO) fixed satellite service (FSS) operations on a co-primary basis in the 18.8-19.3 GHz and 28.6-29.1 GHz bands designated for non-geostationary satellite orbit (NGSO) FSS. EchoStar's petition received support from SES AMERICOM, Hughes Electronics Corporation, and Hughes Network Systems, which supported EchoStar's assertion that the spectrum is lying fallow and co-primary use could lead to the introduction of additional and innovative services."
TVTechnology  EchoStar  satellite  rulemaking  FCC  GSO  NGSO  Ka-band 
august 2017 by pierredv
From Boeing to SpaceX: 11 companies looking to shake up the satellite space | FierceWireless
"Companies filed with the FCC last year to launch 8,731 non-geostationary orbit (NGSO) communications satellites, according to Parabolic Arc. Not all of them are proposing to connect the unconnected to the internet; some are geared toward IoT and others are looking at serving the space industry. Performance is expected to be far better than previous satellite generations, with fiberlike speeds and lower latency."
FierceWireless  satellite  NGSO  FCC  OneWeb  SpaceX  ViaSat  SpaceNorway  LeoSat  Karousel  Audacy  Theia  Boeing  O3b  Ku-band  Ka-band  V-band  Kepler  Telesat  * 
august 2017 by pierredv
FCC Transition Team's Jamison: Do We Need an FCC? | Broadcasting & Cable
So, what is the "yes" in Jamison's answer to whether an FCC is needed? He says it "appears" to be "important to keep radio spectrum allocation independent of day-to-day political pressures." Traditionally even deregulatory Republicans conceded there needs to be some spectrum cop on the beat.
Marc-Jamison  FCC  spectrum  regulation 
august 2017 by pierredv
US joins EU in opening 76-81 GHz for car radar — PolicyTracker, Aug 2017
"The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) decision expands the current 76-77 GHz allocation to the entire 76-81 GHz band and transitions vehicular radars out of 24 GHz, bringing the US into alignment with Europe. Expect commercial take-up in the higher band soon, said one telecoms attorney"
PolicyTracker  FCC  radar  automotive 
august 2017 by pierredv
AT&T, Verizon, FCC and the rest: These charts show who controls the nation’s licensed millimeter-wave spectrum | FierceWireless, July 2017
"Based on new charts from Allnet Insights & Analytics, it’s clear that AT&T and Verizon are poised to control a significant chunk of the nation’s available, licensed millimeter-wave spectrum. This is important because these spectrum bands are expected to form a significant chunk of future 5G services"
FierceWireless  FCC  AT&T  Verizon  mmWave 
july 2017 by pierredv
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