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pierredv : justice   39

Isaiah 58 New International Version (NIV) - True Fasting
“Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen:
to loose the chains of injustice
and untie the cords of the yoke,
to set the oppressed free
and break every yoke?
7 Is it not to share your food with the hungry
and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter—
when you see the naked, to clothe them,
and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?
Bible  poverty  justice  Isaiah 
september 2019 by pierredv
Native justice: How tribal values shape Judge Abby’s court - CSMonitor Mar 2019
"When Judge Abinanti joined the Yurok Tribal Court in 2007 it operated like a normal state court, albeit on a much smaller scale. When most Yuroks got into trouble with the law they went to local state courts, and they entered a system designed to be adversarial and punitive. Root causes often went ignored and unaddressed, and recidivism inevitably followed.

Judge Abinanti has taken the court in a different direction: one more communal and rehabilitative. It’s a judicial path followed by other tribes around the country. Personal responsibility and renewal – two pillars of the once nearly extinct Yurok culture – now permeate the court’s functions.

Incarceration has largely been replaced by supervised release combined with Yurok traditions such as dancing and wood carving. Lawyering up for family disputes and child custody battles has been replaced by mediation. Almost every case is resolved through mediation – victims and perpetrators talking with each other – even if it takes years. Tribal courts resemble the growing U.S. restorative justice movement, which emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior and getting all stakeholders involved. Judge Abinanti says it just resembles the old Yurok values system."

"The Klamath River has always been at the center of Yurok life, and the tribe – the largest in California with about 5,000 members – is one of the few that still occupies its ancestral land. "

"Among the first laws the state legislature passed was the legalization of the “indenture” of “any Indian.” American Indians were also barred from voting, from giving evidence for or against whites, and from serving on juries. In combination, those laws “amounted to a virtual grant of impunity to those who attacked them,” writes Benjamin Madley, a history professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, in an email."

"Massacres, slavery, and disease reduced California’s native population to about 30,000 within 23 years of statehood. Some tribes lost 95 percent of their population. The Yurok Tribe says three-quarters of its population died in this period, and the tribe faded into obscurity."

"Whether a higher caseload would affect results is unclear. Critics of restorative justice say it’s naive and lacks effective consequences for wrongdoers."
CSMonitor  Justice  law  courts  Native-American  tribes  California  History 
april 2019 by pierredv
The Silencing of Prison Legal News | The Crime ReportThe Crime Report, June 2018
Last month, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, which covers Alabama, Georgia and Florida, upheld the state’s decision to ban Prison Legal News (PLN), on the grounds that it carries ads for services that are prohibited in Florida correctional facilities.
law  prison  justice  PLN  press  journalism  FirstAmendment 
august 2018 by pierredv
Future-Proofing Justice: Building a Research Agenda to Address the Effects of Technological Change on the Protection of Constitutional Rights | RAND
"Research Question: What are the research and other needs that either address concerns or take advantage of opportunities related to emerging technologies and the protection of individuals' constitutional rights in the criminal justice system?"

"Via a Delphi-based prioritization of the results, the panel crafted a research agenda — including best practice and training development, evaluation, and fundamental research efforts — to provide the criminal justice community with the knowledge and capabilities needed to address these important and complex technological questions going forward."

"The panel's research agenda prioritized needs that fell into three categories: best practice and training development, addressing such issues as criminal justice data quality and its implications for individuals' rights; evaluation work to better understand how analytic tools (such as risk assessment instruments) perform; and fundamental research on such topics as how the exploding volume of electronic data could affect the protection of rights."

"Among the issues raised by the panel, the need to educate participants in the criminal justice system was most prominent."
RAND  justice  technology  constitutional-rights  law  risk-assessment 
february 2017 by pierredv
Why free lawyers shouldn’t come cheap -
"The US criminal justice system tilts against public defenders. But some states are trying to fix the imbalance."
"n Loudoun County, Va., where Ruzic works as an assistant public defender, the police department gets $84 million, county prosecutors get $3.3 million, and public defenders get $2.1 million. "
CSMonitor  prison  justice  prosecution 
july 2016 by pierredv
Criminal justice not served by punishing the poor - Seattle Times Oct 2015
'The ACLU lawsuit also spotlights a statewide issue in need of reform: the exorbitant 12 percent interest rate for court fines and fees, called “legal financial obligations.” Washington has one of the highest interest rates in the nation on those debts, according to research by the ACLU, which issued a report on local debtors’ jails last year. A majority of states charge zero interest."
SeattleTimes  justice  prison-justice  criminal-justice  ACLU 
october 2015 by pierredv
"Welcome to the Prison Phone Justice website, maintained by the Human Rights Defense Center! This site deals with the issue of prison and jail phone calls, which typically cost much more than non-prison calls. Prison phone contracts are based on a "commission" model, where the phone service provider pays a commission (kickback) to the contracting government agency, such as a state prison system or county jail. These kickbacks inflate the costs of prison and jail phone calls, which in the vast majority of cases are paid not by prisoners but by their family members. This website includes detailed information on state-by-state prison phone rates and commission data, as well as reports, articles and other resources related to prison phone services and the prison phone industry. Also please visit the Campaign for Prison Phone Justice site, which includes resources for getting involved in this issue as an advocate or activist."
prison  telephony  phone-justice  justice 
july 2014 by pierredv
Nation Inside
"Nation Inside is a platform that connects and supports people who are building a movement to systematically challenge mass incarceration in the United States."
prison  justice  prison-justice  mass-incarceration 
july 2014 by pierredv
Campaign for Washington Prison Justice -
"The Washington Prison Phone Justice Campaign demands an end to the unjust costs of telephone calls from Washington prisons, jails and other detention facilities." Also at
prison  justice  prison-justice  telephony 
july 2014 by pierredv
Court Fees Drive Many Poor Defendants Underground : NPR May 2014
3rd of 3, All Things Considered "The use of fines and fees charged to criminal defendants has exploded. People who can't afford those charges can go to jail for not paying. Hundreds of thousands are hiding from police and the courts."
justice  poverty  law  NPR 
may 2014 by pierredv
Criminal justice (2): The new debtors’ prisons | The Economist
report/critique of getting offenders to pay for enforcement. Quote: "That Brennan Centre study found that nine of the 15 American states with the largest prison populations permit “collection fees” on criminal-justice debt, which are often payable to private firms. Only one of the 15 (Texas) exempts penniless defendants from additional collection fees. All this occurs routinely, though the Supreme Court ruled in 1983 that before a court jails someone for failing to pay a fine or fee, it must first ensure that his failure to pay was wilful—that he could have paid but chose not to. Jailing someone because he cannot pay violates the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause. Similarly, 13 of the 15 states studied by the Brennan Centre charge defendants public-defender fees ($50 for a misdemeanour and $100 for a felony defence in Florida; in Virginia, as much as $1,235 for some felonies), even though the Supreme Court ruled in 1963 that the Sixth Amendment required courts to provid"
prison  TheEconomist  ACLU  Brennan  Center  for  Justice 
december 2013 by pierredv
I could have sworn… Why you can't trust your memory - Elizabeth Loftus interview - opinion - 30 August 2013 - New Scientist
Intro: "From repressed memories to faulty eye-witness testimony, psychologist Elizabeth Loftus has made her name working on false memory. She tells Alison George how recollections can be conjured up, and how this process could even be used in therapy"
law  justice  evidence  psychology  NewScientist  memory 
october 2013 by pierredv
Penal code: The coming world of trial by algorithm - tech - 06 September 2013 - New Scientist
Excerpts: ... law enforcement agencies have begun replacing human police officers with efficient, all-seeing, algorithms. ... From traffic offences to theft, increasingly it's an algorithm watching out:.... ... The scope has now widened beyond traffic misdemeanours. Increasingly, algorithms are capable of making sense of the human behaviour on CCTV. ... Sensors in roads, buildings, cars, personal devices and more would allow rigorous enforcement of even the most minor infractions ... The fact that these algorithms are often proprietary, with decisions that can be impossible to unpick, challenges fundamental principles of the law ... algorithmic enforcement may place unanticipated pressure on the justice system, by feeding in a river of minor offences, and "false positive" identifications ... Perhaps the most profound change promised by algorithmic enforcement, though, is how it could affect our day-to-day behaviour
law  justice  automated-policing  surveillance  ethics  crime  privacy  NewScientist  prediction  predictive-policing  policing 
october 2013 by pierredv
US prison inmates returning to society: How will they be received? - May 2012
p1 "These days roughly 700,000 ex-cons are hitting US streets each year" p. 2 "From 1973 to 2009, the US prison population grew by more than 700 percent – the result of an uptick in crime, huge numbers of drug arrests, and tough sentencing laws. At the end of that time more than 1.6 million people sat behind bars in federal and state penitentiaries, the largest inmate population in the world. Yet in 2010, for the first time in 38 years, the US prison population declined." p. 4 "A recent study by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) found that about two-thirds of former inmates return to prison within three years. This doesn't mean they all commit serious crimes. The biggest group of them – 45 percent – return because of simple parole violations."
prison  US  CSMonitor  justice 
may 2012 by pierredv
DOJ review of flawed FBI forensics processes lacked transparency - The Washington Post
"A Washington Post review of the department’s actions shows an agency struggling to balance its goal of defending convictions in court with its responsibility to protect the innocent. The Justice Department’s decision to allow prosecutors to decide what to disclose to defendants was criticized at the time and allowed most of the process to remain secret. But by cloaking cases in anonymity, failing to ensure that defendants were notified of troubles with their cases, and neglecting to publicly report problems or recommend solutions, the task force obscured problems from further study. "
justice  injustice  USA  WashingtonPost  ** 
april 2012 by pierredv
Harsh laws: Another one in the net | The Economist Jan 2012
another example of crazy US justice system; as in earlier pieces on prison, quote Harvey Silverglate, author of “Three Felonies a Day: How the Feds Target the Innocent”. He reckons two causes: "First, federal statutes are often so poorly written and so vague that they are in effect incomprehensible. This gives excessive discretion to bureaucrats and prosecutors, with their own career ambitions, who apply them haphazardly. Second, federal law has been moving away from mens rea (“guilty mind”), a common-law tradition that suggests that a person who had no idea he was breaking a law should not be accused of doing so."
justice  criminal-justice  crime  USA  prison  TheEconomist 
january 2012 by pierredv
Justice with Michael Sandel - Online Harvard Course Exploring Justice, Equality, Democracy, and Citizenship
"What's the Right Thing To Do? Is torture ever justified? Would you steal a drug that your child needs to survive? Is it sometimes wrong to tell the truth? How much is one human life worth?Watch the videos to hear Harvard professor Michael Sandel talk about justice, equality, democracy, and citizenship. "
justice  ethics  lectures  video  x:harvard 
september 2011 by pierredv
The persuasive power of false confessions « Mind Hacks
"... the APS article takes a different tack. It looks at the psychology of how other people involved in deciding whether the person is guilty or not are influenced by confessions"
psychology  confessions  crime  justice  x:mindhacks 
august 2011 by pierredv
False confessions: Silence is golden | The Economist
"People have a strange and worrying tendency to admit to things they have not, in fact, done"
crime  justice  psychology  TheEconomist  confessions 
august 2011 by pierredv
Conservatives and criminal justice: Right and proper | The Economist May 2011
"With a record of being tough on crime, the political right can afford to start being clever about it " Story on the swelling ranks of Republicans that have taken up the cause of sentencing and prison reform
prison  justice  TheEconomist 
june 2011 by pierredv
Buddhism and Social Justice - School of Asian Studies (SAS) - Faculty of Humanities
Description of the VICI project 'Buddhism and Social Justice: Doctrine, Ideology and Discrimination in Tension', headed by prof dr. Jonathan A. Silk.
buddhism  justice  socialjustice 
may 2011 by pierredv
The science of justice: I think it's time we broke for lunch… | The Economist
"Court rulings depend partly on when the judge last had a snack"
analysis of favorable rulings by parole boards
psychology  prison  justice  TheEconomist 
april 2011 by pierredv
The origins of selflessness: Fair play | The Economist
"The results back a cultural explanation of fairness—or, at least, of the variable levels of fairness found in different societies. In fact, those societies that most resemble the anthropological consensus of what Palaeolithic life would have been like (hunting and gathering, with only a modicum of trade) were the ones where fairness seemed to count least. People living in communities that lack market integration display relatively little concern with fairness or with punishing unfairness in transactions. Notions of fairness increase steadily as societies achieve greater market integration (see chart). People from better-integrated societies are also more likely to punish those who do not play fair, even when this is costly to themselves"
economics  psychology  society  fairness  justice  TheEconomist 
april 2010 by pierredv
Buggy breathalyzer code reflects importance of source review - Ars Technica
"Court-ordered source code reviews of the software that is used to power a breathalyzer found bugs and significant technical deficiencies. The results raise serious questions about the reliability of such devices and demonstrate the clear need for source code review."
justice  programming  law  arstechnica 
may 2009 by pierredv
Blaming and shaming inequality | Always with us? | The Economist 28 feb 2009
Review of work by social scientists Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett. they argue that policy is misguided because it conceives of social ills in isolation, rather than treating the root cause; and because the cause is not poverty as such, but inequality: "It is a sweeping claim, yet the evidence, here painstakingly marshalled, is hard to dispute. Within the rich world, where destitution is rare, countries where incomes are more evenly distributed have longer-lived citizens and lower rates of obesity, delinquency, depression and teenage pregnancy than richer countries where wealth is more concentrated. Studies of British civil servants find that senior ones enjoy better health than their immediate subordinates, who in turn do better than those further down the ladder."
sociology  economics  equality  justice  economist 
april 2009 by pierredv
The “broken windows” theory of crime is correct | Can the can | The Economist
"The idea that graffiti-spraying and other forms of low-level delinquency promote further bad behaviour has now been tested experimentally"
psychology  justice  economist 
december 2008 by pierredv
Grass-Roots Effort Paves Path to a Pardon -
George W has been very stingy with pardons: "... Mr. Bush has ... granted clemency 171 times and commuted eight sentences. At the end of his term, Mr. Clinton had granted 396 pardons and commuted 61 sentences."
politics  justice  NYTimes 
november 2008 by pierredv

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