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EconStor: Apple, Amazon, Google, Facebook, Microsoft: Market concentration - competition - innovation strategies
Abstract

"Based on a systematic review and evaluation of business reports, documents, statistics, literature and press releases, this paper analyzes the market concentration and the expansion and innovation strategies of the leading internet companies Google, Facebook, Apple, Amazon and Microsoft. The findings invalidate any claims that a decentralization of the market and a democratization of the internet is taking place, or that research, development and innovation processes are becoming more open and collaborative. The five examined companies, as the operators of the core infrastructures of the worldwide web, shape the overall products and services offer of the internet, determine access to the web, structure the communication possibilities for users, and are the main drivers of innovation in this field. Not decentralization, democratization and open innovation, but market concentration, control and power struggles are categories to adequately describe the fundamental dynamics of the commercial internet."
antitrust  GAFA  Apple  Amazon  Google  Facebook  Microsoft 
13 days ago by pierredv
Microsoft’s Matrix Spoof (from Bill Gates Keynote at Comdex 2003)
Via Petri Mahonen, Feb 2020

"At Comdex 2003, during Bill Gates keynote address included a parody film of The Matrix starring Steve Ballmer as “Steve-o” and Bill Gates as a Morpheus-like character. I think this is one of the most creative things Microsoft has done in years and its too bad they did not release it to the public (I suppose they are afraid of problems with Warner Bros?)."
Microsoft  parody  spoofs  humor  video  PR 
5 weeks ago by pierredv
The Gap Between the Haves and Have-Nots of Tech Widens - The New York Times
The Gap Between the Haves and Have-Nots of Tech Widens

"In the last two weeks, Microsoft, Apple and Amazon — like Alphabet, all flirting with a $1 trillion stock value on Wall Street — posted record results. The final member of tech’s Big Five, Facebook, which is a little more than halfway to a $1 trillion valuation, also reported strong earnings."

“The strong are getting stronger, and the weak are getting weaker. It’s a market of haves and have-nots,” said Daniel Ives, managing director of equity research at Wedbush Securities. “In 20 years covering tech, it’s unlike anything I’ve ever seen.”

"Sonos has sued Google, accusing Google of infringing on five of its patents, including technology that lets wireless speakers connect and synchronize with one another."

"To assuage some concern about sluggishness in its main search ad business, Alphabet disclosed for the first time detailed revenue figures for its YouTube and cloud computing units, which are growing faster than the rest of the company. YouTube sold $15.1 billion worth of ads in 2019, up 36 percent, while its cloud unit grew more than 50 percent to $8.9 billion. Ad revenue from search increased 15 percent to $98.1 billion."
NYTimes  GAFA  Google  Alphabet  Amazon  Facebook  Apple  Microsoft  advertising 
7 weeks ago by pierredv
Tech giants step up lobbying in Washington, Irish Times, Jan 2020
"Four of the five biggest US technology giants boosted their lobbying spending last year as they battled charges of unfair competition, sought to shape privacy legislation and pursued large government contracts in an increasingly hostile Washington. Facebook led spending increases by Amazon. com, Apple, and Microsoft. Alphabet was the lone member of the quintet with a decline."
"The tech industry has become one of the biggest spenders in Washington and is rivaling traditional lobbying powerhouses, including the pharmaceutical industry and big business lobbies."
lobbying  Facebook  Apple  Microsoft  Alphabet  Google  Amazon  GAFA 
8 weeks ago by pierredv
Why Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google Need to Be Disrupted - Esquire Feb 2018
"Four companies dominate our daily lives unlike any other in human history: Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google. We love our nifty phones and just-a-click-away services, but these behemoths enjoy unfettered economic domination and hoard riches on a scale not seen since the monopolies of the gilded age. The only logical conclusion? We must bust up big tech."

"The settlement was criticized by some for being too lenient, but it’s worth asking whether Google—today worth $770 billion and the object of affection for any free-market evangelist—would exist if the DOJ hadn’t put Microsoft on notice regarding the infanticide of promising upstarts. In the absence of the antitrust case, Microsoft likely would have leveraged its market dominance to favor Bing over Google, just as it had used Windows to euthanize Netscape. "
techlash  Esquire  Amazon  Apple  Facebook  Google  Microsoft  antitrust 
december 2019 by pierredv
ADLaM comes online | Microsoft Story Labs - Dec 2019
How a new alphabet is helping an ancient people write its own future
language  linguistics  Microsoft  stories 
december 2019 by pierredv
Smiles beam and walls blush: Architecture meets AI at Microsoft - Oct 2019
“To my knowledge, this installation is the first architectural structure to be driven by artificial intelligence in real time,” said Sabin, principal designer at Jenny Sabin Studio in Ithaca, New York, who designed and built the pavilion as part of Microsoft’s Artist in Residence program

"The two-story structure, made of 3D printed nodes, fiberglass rods and fabric digitally knit with photoluminescent yarn, uses AI to translate anonymized data about facial expressions, noise, voice tones and language into a choreographed dance of color and light."

" painstakingly manual installation"

"Previous projects in the Artist in Residence program have encouraged reflections on the future of food at a time when enhanced sensing capabilities enable humans and plants to communicate, explorations of technologies that open visual arts to people who have limited vision, and clothing that responds to personal hydration levels."
Microsoft  AI  sculpture  art  installation  MSR 
november 2019 by pierredv
How to troubleshoot non-browser apps that can't sign in to Office 365, Azure, or Intune - Office 365
Resolution 2: Firewall or proxy servers require additional authentication

To resolve this issue, configure an exception for Office 365 URLs and applications from the authentication proxy. For example, if you're running Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration Server (ISA) 2006, create an "allow" rule that meets the following criteria:

Allow outbound connections to the following destination: *.microsoftonline.com

Allow outbound connections to the following destination: *.microsoftonline-p.com

Allow outbound connections to the following destination: *.sharepoint.com

Allow outbound connections to the following destination: *.outlook.com

Allow outbound connections to the following destination: *.lync.com

Allow outbound connections to the following destination: osub.microsoft.com

Ports 80/443

Protocols TCP and HTTPS

Rule must apply to all users.

HTTPS/SSL time-out set to 8 hours
Office  Microsoft  troubleshooting 
august 2019 by pierredv
Outlook 2016 stuck on trying to connect - Microsoft Community
Below are general troubleshooting options for Outlook. Try one by one and and check after each step

1. Create new Outlook profile to rule out corruption in Outlook profile. - http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/outlook-help/...

2. Repair your Outlook data files - https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Repair...

3. Run SCANPST.exe. Open your Outlook > Press CTRL+SHIFT+ESC to open Task Manager > Under processes tab, right click on Outlook.exe > Open File Location > This location contains SCANPST.exe which you should double clikc to run

4. Disable Anti-virus temporarily.

5. There is a possibility that some Add-in is causing the problem. To rule this out, start Outlook in safe mode. Hold CTRL key and click on Outlook icon. Don't leave CTRL key, till it asks for the confirmation about safe mode.

6. Login to Windows with a new profile to rule out problem in Windows profile.

7. Right click on Outlook icon and run as Administrator.

8. File > Options > Advanced > Check Disable Hardware Graphics Acceleration
Outlook  troubleshooting  Microsoft 
june 2019 by pierredv
Using app passwords with apps that don't support two-step verification - How to create a new app password
How to create a new app password

To create a new app password for an app or device, take the following steps. You can repeat these steps to create an app password for as many apps or devices as you need.

Go to the Security basics page (https://account.microsoft.com/security) and sign in to your Microsoft account.

Select More security options.

Under App passwords, select Create a new app password. A new app password is generated and appears on your screen.

Enter this app password where you would enter your normal Microsoft account password in the application.
Microsoft  Outlook  troubleshooting  howto  Office  passwords 
june 2019 by pierredv
Why Microsoft partners with rivals (Linux, PlayStation, Chromium, etc.) - YouTube, Jun 2019
Why did Microsoft go from being ruthlessly competitive to suddenly wanting to partner with seemingly everyone? - The Story Behind - Episode 51
Microsoft  TechAltar  video  YouTube  business  strategy 
june 2019 by pierredv
Keep your files and communications safe with Office - Office Support
Office gives you tools to help keep your information secure and private, and ways to recover your files from malicious attacks or accidental deletions.
Microsoft  Office  cybersecurity  howto  tools  resources 
may 2019 by pierredv
Ideas in Excel - Office Support
"Ideas in Excel empowers you to understand your data through high-level visual summaries, trends, and patterns. Simply click a cell in a data range, and then click the Ideas button on the Home tab. Ideas in Excel will analyze your data, and return interesting visuals about it in a task pane."
Microsoft  Office  Excel  howto  AI 
may 2019 by pierredv
Close to Half of America Not Using the Internet at Broadband Speeds, Says Microsoft - CircleID Apr 2019
"The US government’s most recent broadband statistics from the FCC claims 25 million Americans to be lacking access to a broadband connection. However, Microsft did not agree and after conducting its own analysis found the number much higher at 162.8 million. "
broadband  mapping  Internet  CircleID  Microsoft 
april 2019 by pierredv
Microsoft continues its quest to bring machine learning to every application | Ars Technica May 2018
We've been tracking Microsoft's work to bring its machine learning platform to more developers and more applications over the last several years. What started as narrowly focused, specialized services have grown into a wider range of features that are more capable and more flexible, while also being more approachable to developers who aren't experts in the field of machine learning.
ArsTechnica  Microsoft  ML 
may 2018 by pierredv
Where is a list of fonts that are included with Office 2016?
Rather than wait, I painstakingly transcribed this list from my own installation on a 1-week-old Windows 10 system with Office 2016:
fonts  typography  Office  Microsoft 
may 2018 by pierredv
Tech & Security Companies Sign Cybersecurity Tech Accord | Covington Global Policy Watch, Apr 2018
"Today, 34 global technology and security companies announced that they have signed a Cybersecurity Tech Accord, which publicly commits them “to protect and empower civilians online and to improve the security, stability and resilience of cyberspace.”  The signatories include Cisco, Dell, Facebook, HP, Intuit, and Microsoft.The text of the Accord references recent events that have put online security at risk, and sets forth four principles"
Covington  cybersecurity  Facebook  Microsoft 
april 2018 by pierredv
A rural broadband strategy: connecting rural America to new opportunities - Microsoft on the Issues
Brad Smith: "Today I will present Microsoft’s thoughts on the rural broadband gap in the United States at a lunch sponsored by the Media Institute in Washington, D.C."
Microsoft  TVWS 
november 2017 by pierredv
One year later, Microsoft AI and Research grows to 8k people in massive bet on artificial intelligence – GeekWire, Sep 2017
"One way to measure Microsoft’s AI bet: In its first year of operation, the AI and Research group has grown by 60 percent — from 5,000 people originally to nearly 8,000 people today — through hiring and acquisitions, and by bringing aboard additional teams from other parts of the company."
AI  Microsoft  GeekWire 
september 2017 by pierredv
So Long, And No Thanks for the Externalities: The Rational Rejection of Security Advice by Users - Microsoft Research - Cormac Herley
Via Adam Shostack

Abstract
"The failure of users to follow security advice has often been noted. They chose weak passwords, ignore security warnings, and are oblivious to certificates. It is often suggested that users are hopelessly lazy and unmotivated on security questions. We argue that users’ rejection of the security advice they receive is entirely rational from an economic perspective. As with many activities, online crime generates direct losses and externalities. The advice offers to shield them from the direct costs of attacks, but burdens them with the indirect costs, or externalities. Since the direct costs are generally small relative to the indirect ones, they reject this bargain. We examine three areas of user education: password rules, phishing site identification, and SSL certificates. In each we find that the advice is complex and growing, but the benefit is largely speculative or moot. In the cases where we can estimate benefit, it emerges that the burden of following the security advice is actually greater than the direct losses caused by the attack."
cybersecurity  Microsoft  MSR 
july 2017 by pierredv
Progress in the Debate over TV White Space - High Tech Forum, Jul 2017
"It is pleasing to see an advocate for unlicensed operation in the TV White Space recognize that such systems can serve only a small market.  Similarly, recognition that satellites are the least costly solution for the most rural areas is refreshing.

However, the facts that Microsoft’s white paper (1) does not consider service provided by wireless carriers using 600 MHz spectrum; (2) fails to address the problems of interference among TV White Space users; and (3) appears not to have taken into account improvements in satellite technology, indicate to me that one should give relatively little weight to their conclusions about the costs of systems operating in the TV White Space relative to the costs of commercial wireless or satellite systems.

Similarly, Microsoft’s assertion that the FCC should force the upcoming repacking of TV stations to keep an additional White Space channel available everywhere—no matter the cost in impaired TV coverage—does not seem justified."
Chuck-Jackson  TVWS  Microsoft 
july 2017 by pierredv
Fon expands its Wi-Fi sharing thanks to telcos | FierceWireless
"The company now has 20 million hotspots as part of its shared system, thanks in part to partnerships it struck with telcos, mainly in Europe and Asia."

"Last November, Fon announced a deal with Microsoft whereby customers can purchase Wi-Fi passes via the Windows Store, simplifying the process for those users"

"One trend Puregger sees is Wi-Fi getting more to do within the home. With virtual assistants like Amazon’s Alexa and Google’s Home, Wi-Fi increasingly is key to the connected home"
Fon  unlicensed  Wi-Fi  hotspots  trends  Microsoft 
january 2017 by pierredv
Microsoft files for STA to test airborne Wi-Fi router for 2.4 GHz channel modeling | FierceWireless - Nov 2016
In an application for Special Temporary Authority (STA) filed with the FCC this week, Microsoft explained that STA is required for airborne operation of a Wi-Fi router attached to the exterior of a general aviation aircraft.

... the "testing will examine various techniques that might minimize the potential for the air-to-ground link to disrupt Wi-Fi communications on the ground in the area surrounding the ground station,"
Microsoft  Wi-Fi  aviation  2.4GHz 
november 2016 by pierredv
Microsoft Remote Connectivity Analyzer
"The Office 365 Support and Recovery Assistant helps users troubleshoot and fix their account or profile related Outlook issues. The assistant performs a series of diagnostics tests to identify the root cause of issues, such as verifying users’ credentials, licenses, updates to Outlook clients, and whether Outlook servers are reachable. Depending on the test results, it can offer to automatically fix problems for users or provide instruction on recommended solutions. All the diagnostics results are saved in a log file for users to share with their Outlook admin or support engineers for further investigation. Each time you run Office 365 Support and Recovery Assistant, it automatically gets updated to its latest version, so it can troubleshoot any new Outlook problems.
"
tools  Microsoft  Office  Office365 
may 2016 by pierredv
Office Configuration Analyzer Tool (OffCAT) information
"The Microsoft Office Configuration Analyzer Tool (OffCAT) provides a detailed report of your installed Office programs. This report includes many parameters about your Office program configuration. It also highlights known problems that are found when OffCAT scans your computer. For any problems that are listed in the report, you are provided a link to a public-facing article (usually a Microsoft Knowledge Base article) about each problem so that you can read about possible fixes. If you are a Helpdesk professional, you can also save the report to a file so that it can be viewed in the Office Configuration Analyzer Tool on another client on which the tool is installed."
Office  Microsoft  tools  OffCat 
may 2016 by pierredv
Microsoft Office Configuration Analyzer Tool 2.1 from Official Microsoft Download Center
"The Microsoft Office Configuration Analyzer Tool (OffCAT) 2.1 provides a quick and easy way to analyze Microsoft Office programs for known configurations that cause problems. By downloading OffCAT.msi for OffCAT 2.1, you are hereby consenting to the installation of this program to analyze select Microsoft Office programs on your computer."
Office  Microsoft  tools  OffCat 
may 2016 by pierredv
Outlook search returns No matches found - Microsoft Support
When you use Instant Search in Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, Microsoft Outlook 2010, or Microsoft Outlook 2013, you receive the following message: No matches found. Or, only some of the expected results may be returned.
Outlook  Office  search  troubleshooting  howto  Microsoft 
april 2016 by pierredv
Discover stories within data using SandDance, a new Microsoft Research project - March 2016
"Data can be daunting.

But within those numbers and spreadsheets is a wealth of information. There are also stories that the data can tell, if you’re able to see them. SandDance, a new Microsoft Garage project from Microsoft Research, helps you visually explore data sets to find stories and extract insights. It uses a free Web and touch-based interface to help users dynamically navigate through complex data they upload into the tool."
microsoft  msr  Steven-Drucker  data  data  mining  visualization 
march 2016 by pierredv
Google, Microsoft wage war of words with GE Healthcare, others over white space rules - FierceWirelessTech
"GE Healthcare and WMTS say that given the nature of WMTS and the potential catastrophic consequences of even a single case of harmful interference on patient safety, the commission should deny Microsoft's requests"
Google  Microsoft  GEHealthcare  WMTS  whitespaces  risk-assessment 
march 2016 by pierredv
Microsoft slams Globalstar's latest claim of no TLPS interference with Wi-Fi, Bluetooth - FierceWirelessTech
"Globalstar once again chose to conduct another managed demonstration, which is not a satisfactory substitute for rigorous peer-reviewable testing," Microsoft said in its filing.
FierceWireless  Microsoft  Globalstar  TLPS  Wi-Fi 
november 2015 by pierredv
What is the “Get Windows 10” Tray Item and How Do You Remove It?
If you don’t want this item on your system, we recommend removing the update altogether because we don’t feel it is critical to upgrading to Windows 10, and even if it is, you can always go back on July 29 and reinstall it. Removing KB3035583 To remove KB3035583, first open Windows Update and click “Installed Updates” in the bottom-left corner.
Microsoft  troubleshooting  Windows10 
october 2015 by pierredv
MS researchers claim to crack encrypted database with old simple trick | Ars Technica
A team of Microsoft researchers led by Seny Kamara claims to have been successful at recovering a substantial amount of data from health records stored in CryptDB (PDF), a database technology that uses layers of encryption to allow users to search through encrypted data without exposing its contents.
ArsTechnica  encryption  privacy  de-anonymization  anonymity  Microsoft  MSR  SQL  CryptDB 
september 2015 by pierredv
Sprint, Google, Microsoft, Huawei, TWC and others tap into aggregated Wi-Fi - but revenues remain lethargic - FierceWirelessTech
"A wide range of major companies including Sprint, Google, Time Warner Cable, Huawei and potentially Microsoft are collecting Wi-Fi hotspots as a way to further their respective business goals. . . . However, some of the companies that are doing the actual work of aggregating those hotspots don't have much to show for their efforts--at least, not yet" - "Lowenstein said wireless carriers' business models are completely geared toward encouraging users to buy larger and larger buckets of cellular data. Thus, there's little reason for them to embrace Wi-Fi offloading since it generally gives users more data that they don't have to pay extra for."
FierceWireless  Wi-Fi  iPass  hotspots  Boingo  Towerstream  Microsoft 
july 2015 by pierredv
Research Blog: Inceptionism: Going Deeper into Neural Networks
Via Janet Galore "Artificial Neural Networks have spurred remarkable recent progress in image classification and speech recognition. But even though these are very useful tools based on well-known mathematical methods, we actually understand surprisingly little of why certain models work and others don’t." - "So here’s one surprise: neural networks that were trained to discriminate between different kinds of images have quite a bit of the information needed to generate images too. "
MSR  Microsoft  research  neural-networks 
june 2015 by pierredv
Is TV white space about to take off in the developing world? - PolicyTracker May 2015
"Hopes are fading for a successful deployment of white space in the richer countries and it's being suggested that the fate of the technology lies in the hands of chip-set manufacturers." - "It does look as if TVWS is a washout in developed countries, said Weightless SIG CEO William Webb"
PolicyTracker  TVWS  Microsoft  South-Africa 
june 2015 by pierredv
Students worldwide can now check eligibility for free Office from their school - blogs.office.com Feb 2015
"Millions of students around the world are eligible for free Office from their school and today we are announcing that we’ve made it easy for all eligible students globally to sign up themselves to get Office 365 and install free Office.*"
edtech  microsoft  office 
february 2015 by pierredv
Spectrum Observatory ThinkTank 2014 - Microsoft Research
Held Aug 6th, 2014. "The Microsoft Spectrum Observatory ThinkTank 2014 aims to create a forum where like-minded individuals come together to discuss and provide additional feedback so the platform can better serve the community’s research needs even more than today. " See page for slides
Microsoft  spectrum  sensing  measurement 
august 2014 by pierredv
AI Takes to the Skies - Microsoft Research
"Every airplane in flight can act as a sensor to help estimate large-scale wind conditions."
measurement  sensors  aviation  Microsoft  research  AI  Smartflow  Clearflow  Windflow 
june 2014 by pierredv
Microsoft’s Spectrum Observatory project opens up for increased collaboration - Microsoft on the Issues - Site Home - TechNet Blogs
"On March 31, we released all of the source code for the Microsoft Spectrum Observatory under an open source software license, a move that will increase opportunity for collaboration with academics, governments and others interested in learning more about how wireless spectrum is used."
Microsoft  spectrum  measurement 
may 2014 by pierredv
Microsoft releases spectrum observatory source code - PolicyTracker Apr 2014
"Microsoft has released all the source code for the Microsoft Spectrum Observatory under an open source software licence, a move that the company hopes “will increase opportunity for collaboration with academics, governments and others interested in learning more about how wireless spectrum is used”."
PolicyTracker  spectrum  measurement  Microsoft  ECC  ERO 
may 2014 by pierredv
ECC Statement on Spectrum Occupancy Workshop - Jan 2014 - CEPT.ORG - ECC - Groups - ECC - News -
"The ECC held a workshop “How Measurement of Spectrum Occupancy can help Spectrum Management” on 15 January 2014, in Mainz (Germany). The motivation for the workshop is the growing interest in the role of spectrum monitoring as a possible indicator of potential opportunities for more efficient use of the spectrum. Amongst current initiatives is the ‘Microsoft Spectrum Observatory’ set up by Microsoft. The ECC provided this opportunity to discuss with all interested parties from administrations and companies the state of the art with spectrum monitoring in this role, and how much it could potentially help frequency regulators." Then a list of comments follow, many of them critical of the Microsoft Spectrum Observatory
ECC  CEPT  Microsoft  spectrum  measurement  occupancy 
april 2014 by pierredv
Microsoft questioned over spectrum observatory project - Jan 2014
"Microsoft's director of international technology affairs Jim Beveridge came under fire this week at a workshop organised by the European Communications Committee (ECC)." Quote: Microsoft's observatory was criticised by other workshop participants for giving policymakers the impression that spectrum is unused in many bands. When summing up deliberations, Ralf Trautmann, the rapporteur for the group that prepared the latest edition of the ITU Handbook Spectrum Monitoring, said: “these statements [made by Microsoft on the basis of the Observatory's data] should not be brought to the attention of politicians who do not understand radio.” Eric Fournier, director for spectrum planning and international affairs at French regulator ANFR, accused Beveridge of being “unfair” because the measurements do not pick up radio signals with low power levels, such as those used for satellite and civil aviation.
Microsoft  spectrum  measurement  spectrum-occupancy  PolicyTracker 
march 2014 by pierredv
Microsoft mixing TV white space, spectrum policy and altruism - FierceWirelessTech Nov 2013
"Companies register a win-win when they not only generate profits but also improve the lives of their customers, sometimes quite dramatically. Cognizant of that, Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) has embarked on a global strategy to develop and promote TV white space technology as well as spread the news about the benefits of liberalized spectrum policies in conjunction with the use of dynamic spectrum-sharing technologies."
Microsoft  TVWS  whitespaces  spectrum  FierceWireless 
december 2013 by pierredv
Virtual Router - Wifi Hot Spot for Windows 7 / 2008 R2
Virtual Router is a free, open source software based router for PCs running Windows 8, Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2. Using Virtual Router, users can wirelessly share any internet connection (Wifi, LAN, Cable Modem, Dial-up, Cellular, etc.) with any Wifi device (Laptop, Smart Phone, iPod Touch, iPhone, Android Phone, Zune, Netbook, wireless printer, etc.) These devices connect to Virtual Router just like any other access point, and the connection is completely secured using WPA2 (the most secure wireless encryption.)
networking  wireless  tools  windows7  Microsoft  windows2008  Wi-Fi  hotspot 
october 2013 by pierredv
Outlook Freeware - Remove Duplicate Contacts
Removes duplicate contacts from selected Outlook folders. Contacts are recognized as duplicates if their Full Name, Email, Company and Attachments are equal accordingly. Retains original Outlook folder structure.
add-ons  tools  Outlook  Microsoft 
october 2013 by pierredv
A Wireless Way Around Data Center Traffic Jams - NYTimes.com
multigigabit wireless links to augment wired data center networks "During sudden bursts of activity, bottlenecks occur as traffic moves among dense clusters of servers. Typically, the servers are stacked one on top of another in rack after rack — and are connected by switches, routers and cables. To better handle the congestion, researchers are testing a shortcut that doesn’t involve costly rewiring. They are experimenting with wireless links, mounted atop the server racks, to supply extra bandwidth for moving data along at crunch times."
UCSB  60GHz  Heather  Zhang  Microsoft 
october 2013 by pierredv
Ofcom releases details of the UK's TV White Space trials — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"Around 20 organisations will participate in the white space trials, Ofcom said, ranging from the local internet provider, Click4Internet to the software behemoth, Google. Seven of these companies are interested in supplying the spectrum databases that would be necessary to make a White Space spectrum project workable and eleven companies are planning to participate in three case studies. Ofcom said that it wants to provide more spectrum for Dynamic Spectrum sharing - which would require spectrum database technology - by 2016. It said that it may use newly available MoD bands in order to do this."
Microsoft  PolicyTracker  whitespaces  Ofcom 
october 2013 by pierredv
New study advocates expansion of rules-based spectrum access — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
"Regulators are pursuing 'suboptimal' policies based on out of date economic theories, claims a new Microsoft-funded study of spectrum regulation. It argues that regulators should move from a licence-based approach to spectrum regulation to an unlicensed, rules-based approach. The study argues that issuing licences is an inefficient use of spectrum. “The spectrum shortage is largely an artefact of the system of assigning licensees exclusive rights to particular frequencies," it says. Beveridge supported the notion that rules-based regulation creates certainty. He said that the database could not only control access to the spectrum, but also learn about the operating environment. This would mean that the parameters for users to access spectrum could be dynamically upgraded." But how do rules get changed?
unlicensed  Richard  Thanki  DSA  Microsoft  PolicyTracker  Jim  Beveridge 
october 2013 by pierredv
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