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Qualcomm, Facebook, Google want new rules for 60 GHz | FierceWireless
"A group of companies including Qualcomm, Facebook, Google, Intel and Samsung have formed a 60 GHz Coexistence Study Group because they’re concerned about drones and other radar devices being used in the unlicensed 60 GHz spectrum."

"The group’s concern about use of the band was galvanized by two companies that are seeking waivers from the FCC to use the spectrum. Leica Geosystems has asked the FCC to allow the operation of its drones in the 60-64 GHz portion of the 60 GHz band. And Vayyar Imaging is seeking a waiver to allow its interactive motion sensing device to operate within 57-64 GHz."
FierceWireless  drones  UAS  Qualcomm  Facebook  Google  60GHz  unlicensed 
13 days ago by pierredv
How AI Will Help Radar Detect Tiny Drones 3 Kilometers Away - Defense One
via Brian Daly, AT&T

"AESA radars, which steer its multiple radar beams electronically instead of using physical gimbals, have been around for years. The real innovation lies in training software to detect objects, including objects as small as DJI’s popular Mavic drones, in radar imagery. But there’s very little imagery data to train a machine learning algorithm on how to see something that small. What’s needed is a dataset of extremely small modulations in the echoes of radar signals. The researchers used a GAN to turn a small bit of available training data into an abundance."
AI  radar  drones  UAS 
july 2019 by pierredv
Ultra-Reliable IoT Communications with UAVs: A Swarm Use Case - IEEE Journals & Magazine Dec 2018
Abstract:
UAVs are powerful IoT components, offering sensing, communications and data analysis in the air. Recently, 3GPP TS 22.261, TR 22.862, and TR 36.777 have specified performance requirements for communications between multiple UAVs in the 5G domain. This article discusses communications reliability challenges in a UAV swarm context. Recommendations for designing an ultra-reliable communications system for UAV swarms are introduced with a focus on the software protocol stack and RF hardware. For the purpose of demonstration, we developed Easy- Swarm, an open-source UAV swarming platform that adopts the LoRa radio at the physical layer and a low-latency channel access protocol at the MAC layer. Real-life testbeds are built consisting of 10 UAVs and 20 robotic cars that produce background traffic. LoRa, WiFi and LTE networks are employed to provide broadband and cellular wireless network support. Results show that using LoRa leads to better reliability, in particular allowing for higher swarm density and longer coverage distance, than when WiFi is used. In addition, LTE provides the best reliability and latency for UAV swarms with good network connectivity.
IEEE  UAV  IoT  UAS 
december 2018 by pierredv
Satellite Big Data 3L’s: Location, Location, Location — NSR's Big Data Analytics , Satnews Daily Sep 2018
Article by Shivaprakash Muruganandham, NSR Analys

"NSR’s Big Data Analytics via Satellite, 2nd Edition report identifies seven vertical markets as growth areas, and more than 70 percent of the share is held by the Transportation, Government and Military (Gov/Mil) and Energy markets throughout the forecast period."

Transportation

"The mobile nature of the transportation segment ensures that it remains important throughout the next decade, with nearly 1 out of every three dollars spent on SBD coming from land, maritime and aeronautical transport segments."

Government & Military

"NSR finds growth in this sector to be largely driven by the rise of geospatial intelligence (GEOINT), with EO applications growing at nearly twice the rate of M2M/IoT SATCOM applications"

Energy

"M2M/IoT SATCOM will continue to play a major role in Energy, due to the remote nature of asset locations and the absence of terrestrial solutions."

"NSR’s considers that EO satellite-based analytics services are expected to grow in importance for this vertical, despite competition from unmanned aerial system (UAS) alternatives. This growth will be fueled by the rise of new sensing capabilities such as methane tracking and emissions monitoring solutions for O&G companies looking to mitigate financial risks."
NSR  market-research  satellite  data-analytics  Satnews  EO  remote-sensing  UAS 
october 2018 by pierredv
Expert Commentary: The Dark Side of Detect and Avoid - Inside Unmanned Systems, Mar 2018
"Your task is to penetrate U.S. air surveillance networks, slip drones into American airspace and spy on critical infrastructure like dams, power plants, factories, etc. "

"EASY WAY NO. 1: Simply have 3PLA, the Third Department of the People’s Liberation Army’s General Staff Department—China’s equivalent to the U.S. NSA. hack into the databases of the NASA-designed future Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) system to get fine-grained ground based DAA (GBDAA) data from the hundreds of radars that will be connected to UTM.... find out which companies are flying near your targets of interest, ... and then get 3PLA to hack into the target’s imagery servers. "

"EASY WAY NO. 2: This option is a bit more expensive, but gives you more control over the intelligence gathered. You do all the steps from easy way No. 1, but instead of just waiting, you take over their drone and gather your own imagery"

"EASY WAY NO. 3: Put your own data links on buildings near targets and take over drones to do your spying. A drawback to easy way No. 2 is that cell phone company cyber security is actually quite good, making it tough to hack into their network and fly them from China directly. Easy way No. 3 gets around cell phone company security by simply taking direct control of unwitting American drones. ... There’s a chance that upcoming airworthiness standards for beyond line of sight (BLOS) drone operations will err on the side of reliability and toss security out the window ... links that don’t ask too many questions when lost also don’t care if a slightly higher powered antenna takes over from their original ground station and gives their drone orders for a bit."

"EASY WAY NO. 4 (THIS SHOULD PROBABLY BE CALLED DEAD EASY WAY NO. 1): Start your own drone critical infrastructure inspection front company and make money while you spy!"

"The cell phone companies already have impressive cyber security for the relay portion of the network; your cell phone calls are very secure while they’re being relayed between cell towers. The problem remains with the drone data links themselves. The FAA simply must write drone command and communications standards that give link reliability and security equal footing."

"The issue will be the sheer volume of vetting required to manage the same level of security screening for the unmanned aviation business community."
drones  UAS  UAV  cybersecurity  hacking  UTM  spectrum  reliability 
october 2018 by pierredv
LeClairRyan | The FAA Reauthorization Act: What is in it and what does it mean for you? Oct 2018
Mark Dombroff, Mark McKinnon, and special guest panelist Jim Williams of JHW Unmanned Solutions LLC will unpack the hundreds of pages of legislation, explain what it means for the aviation industry, and explore its impact on the following areas:

• Integration of unmanned aircraft into the National Airspace System,
• Changes to aircraft certification requirements and procedures,
• The FAA’s ongoing restructuring efforts,
• Revisions to rest and duty rules for flight crews,
• Modifications to the Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP),
• Efforts to strengthen cybersecurity,
• New studies and regulations affecting privacy,
• Changes to passenger rights,
• Funding for the Airport Improvement Program,
• Changes to the regulation of model aircraft.
LeClairRyan  UAS  UAV  drones  legislation  presentations 
october 2018 by pierredv
6 Great Uses for Contruction Drones - Dronethusiast
Uses For Drones in Construction Projects
= Drone For Surveying
= Inspection: "compare the model of the existing site with the design file, and the final product was a very useful heat map that showed the external contractor’s progress in amazing detail"
= Showing Clients the Progress
= Monitoring Job Sites
= Inspecting Structures - deterioration
= Better Safety Records - "When you can use drone imaging to show erection sequences, crane locations, and perimeter security like fencing, you can view them repeatedly to pinpoint where projects begin to get congested, and even predict where hazards could pop up"
= Keeping the Project On-track, On-Budget
drones  construction  UAS  UAV 
october 2018 by pierredv
[pdf] FAA (Right of Way Rules) Mitigation by Technology Workshop, Mar 2018
Unmanned Aircraft Systems Traffic Management (UTM): Conflict Mitigation Approach
Dr. Marcus Johnson
91.113 (Right of Way Rules) Mitigation by Technology Workshop
March 2018
FAA  UTM  UAS 
october 2018 by pierredv
FAA clears DJI and other drone companies to fly near airports - Engadget Oct 2018
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has given nine companies permission to fly in controlled airspace, such as airports, as part of its Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability (LAANC) initiative. One of those nine companies is DJI, along with Aeronyde, Airbus, AiRXOS, Altitude Angel, Converge, KittyHawk, UASidekick and Unifly. It doesn't mean operators can fly those brands' drones over airports anytime they want, though -- it only means that professional drone pilots can now get authorization to enter controlled airspace in near-real time instead of waiting for months.

A pilot that's going to use a drone to conduct an inspection, capture photos and videos or herd birds away from airports, for instance, can now send their applications to fly in controlled airspace to LAANC
Engadget  drones  FAA  LAANC  DJI  UAV  UAS 
october 2018 by pierredv
Why The Use Of Drones Still Faces Big Regulatory Hurdles - Forbes Sep 2018
"While the debate over drone regulation is in its early stages, there’s little doubt there will be a Grand Canyon-size gap between what industry would like in certification standards and what the FAA and other regulators are willing to approve.
In the end, a new category of air operator may emerge — companies that are certified and approved to operate larger drones… And that transition — from an open-access system of ownership and operation to one with similar controls and barriers to entry as aviation and aerospace manufacturing — may be tumultuous as companies vie for what is currently an elusive standard of certification."
Forbes  drones  UAS  regulation  FAA 
september 2018 by pierredv
Drones and Frequencies to Fly on - ECC Newsletter August 2018
" CEPT held a Workshop on ‘spectrum for drones – UAS’ in sunny Copenhagen on 29-30 May 2018. The focus of the workshop was on drones which fly in circumstances where they do not need communications with air traffic control."

"The workshop heard from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which has new draft regulations before the EU Commission. The approach includes three categories of operations (Open, Specific and Certified) in an operation centric approach."

"These acts are expected to be published by the end of 2018 or in early 2019. They will be complemented by related standardisation initiatives."

"When it comes to UAS, frequencies are used in a number of ways: for command and control (CC) and identification, as well as for payload transmissions (e.g. on-board cameras sending information to the ground). Communications solutions are also needed for drones-to-drones, drones-to-infrastructure and for radar sensors and optical sensors on board the drones. In addition, they are needed for distribution of positioning information in order to avoid collisions, geo-awareness about fly zone restrictions such as around airports, sensitive facilities and locations, and drones traffic management."

"In the specific category, the basic principle is that a UAS operation, before being conducted, must be approved on the basis of a risk assessment."

"It was agreed at the workshop that, in the future, spectrum harmonisation may indeed be needed in areas of e-identification, geo-awareness and anti-collision. The various ideas for the technical solutions have, however, not converged in standardisation, while the use of several technologies may even provide a potentially safer approach using data fusion. Hence, the precise impact and needs for new frequency opportunities for drones/UAS is not yet clear."

"In February 2018, the ECC published ECC Report 268 on the technical and regulatory aspects and the needs for spectrum regulation when it comes to drones."
ECC  UAS  drones  spectrum  CEPT  workshop  risk-assessment 
september 2018 by pierredv
FAACO Announcement - RFI - B4UFLY (Mobile Application) Mission
Title: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Safe Flight Awareness Request for Information (RFI) – Public Private Partnership to Continue the B4UFLY (Mobile Application) Mission
FAA  UAS  RFI 
august 2018 by pierredv
[pdf] FAA Second_Edition_Integration_of_Civil_UAS_NAS_Roadmap_July 2018.pdf
Five-year roadmap for the introduction of civil UAS into the
NAS
FAA  UAS  NAS 
august 2018 by pierredv
FAA to Hold First Drone Advisory Meeting Since Recharter, Chairman Resignation - Avionics, Jul 2018
"The FAA Drone Advisory Committee will host its first meeting since rechartering Tuesday at the Santa Clara Convention Center in California. In mid-June, the FAA's advisory committee that provides advice on key unmanned aircraft system (UAS) integration issues was reestablished with a designated federal officer providing administrative support. The meeting comes after the group has faced a leadership shakeup and lawsuit."

"n the committee's new charter order, FAA Acting Administrator Daniel Elwell said meeting records and minutes will be available to the public subject to the Freedom of Information Act. Historically, while the main committee meetings had been open to the public, task group meetings were not."
Avionics  aviation  UAS  drones  FACA 
july 2018 by pierredv
Stray drones at Dubai International prove costly | CNN Travel, June 2018
the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority (DCAA) has implemented Skytrax, a system that monitors domestically registered drones to prevent shutdowns.
CNN  drones  UAS  aviation 
june 2018 by pierredv
Drone interference disrupts UAV event at Xian City Wall - May 2018
"Fascinating story from the Beijing News about an event using UAVs that went awry at Xian City wall this May. The article is in Chinese - you'll need to translate it using google or similar - but it appears the event was using over 1000 drones, some of which experienced directional RF interference which caused some of the drones to stop working

Link to the article is here: http://www.bjnews.com.cn/news/2018/05/06/485895.html

Also a video of the event can be found here:-

https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_2114248"
drones  UAS  Interference 
may 2018 by pierredv
BAE Systems reveals PHASA-35 solar-powered HALE UAV | Jane's 360
BAE Systems has revealed its PHASA-35 concept for a solar-powered high-altitude long-endurance (HALE) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that can remain aloft for up to a year.

The Persistent High Altitude Solar Aircraft (PHASA) UAV features a 35 m wingspan, giving it the moniker PHASA-35. According to the company, a quarter-scale demonstrator known as PHASA-8 flew in 2017 and work is now already under way to prepare the first full-scale aircraft to be ready for flight tests in 2019.

The 150 kg PHASA-35 is being developed by BAE Systems in partnership with UK company Prismatic, which bills itself as an expert in the design, manufacture, and delivery of innovative, high-value aerospace products and systems.
BAE  HALE  UAS  HAPS  UAV 
may 2018 by pierredv
Petition for Rulemaking: Service Rules for Unmanned Aircraft Systems Command and Control - TheDCOffice.com, Apr 2019
On April 26, 2018 the FCC released a Public Notice (RM-11798, Report No 3089, DOC-350441A1) requesting comments on a petition for rulemaking by Aerospace Industries Association (AIA_8-Feb-18) asking the FCC to adopt service rules for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) command and control in the 5030-5091 MHz band.

AIA notes the FCC advanced this effort with the adoption of an allocation for UAS command and control links in the 5030-5091 MHz band in March 2017 (view prior activity). In its petition, AIA recommendations rule changes under Part 87 (Aviation Services) of FCC rules and asks the FCC to develop technical and operational rules relating to use of the 5030-5091 MHz band to enable secure Control and Non-Payload Communications (CNPC) links to support safe unmanned aircraft operations in the United States.

Comments are requested within 30 days, by May 29, 2018.
TheDCOffice  UAS  CNPC  FCC  rulemaking 
april 2018 by pierredv
Military unmanned aircraft prove vulnerable to GPS jamming - Military & Aerospace Electronics - Apr 2018
According to American defense officials, the Russian military is deploying a weaponized form of GPS jamming that is effectively blocking some U.S. unmanned aircraft operations over Syria - and is even affecting drones equipped with anti-jamming technology
Russia  GPS  UAS  jamming  drones 
april 2018 by pierredv
Editor’s Corner—Private wireless networks are quietly becoming a thing | FierceWireless Apr 2018
"For years now, a number of wireless players have been promising that there is demand among enterprises and others for private wireless networks. The argument is that utilities, cities, manufacturing companies and others have specific applications that can’t or shouldn’t run over public wireless networks, and so they will need to build their own networks—and will spend money to do it."

Examples:
Port of Los Angeles
GE
Union Pacific Railroad

"Daniels said PACI is one of only a handful of companies that has obtained authorization from the FAA to conduct “non line of sight” flying, largely due to the company’s use of 700 MHz spectrum that won’t suffer from interference from other users. That means that PACI’s pilots will be able to install cameras on their drones and fly the drones by watching the real-time video (transmitted over PACI’s 700 MHz network) from the cameras."
FierceWireless  IoT  700MHz  drones  UAV  UAS  spectrum-leasing  spectrum-secondary-market  railroads 
april 2018 by pierredv
On the impact of inter-UAV communications interference in the 2.4 GHz band - IEEE Conference Publication
Abstract:
As the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) increases, protocols to avoid collisions between them, and to achieve collaboration through swarm-based configurations, are receiving more attention by the research community. In this work we study the performance of communication links between drones in the 2.4 GHz wireless band, where a high interference from the radio control unit is expected. We performed a large set of experimental tests, and the results demonstrate that the use of the WiFi 2.4 GHz band for any application is not compatible with overwhelming majority of remote controls working in the same frequency band. Moreover, the distance between drones, the data packet size, and the engines speed are also factors affecting the communications link quality.
IEEE  UAS  UAV  drones  interference  unlicensed  2.4GHz 
april 2018 by pierredv
LTE in the sky: trading off propagation benefits with interference costs for aerial nodes - IEEE Comm Mag, May 2016
Abstract:
The popularity of unmanned aerial vehicles has exploded over the last few years, urgently demanding solutions to transfer large amounts of data from the UAV to the ground. Conversely, a control channel to the UAV is desired, in order to safely operate these vehicles remotely. This article analyzes the use of LTE for realizing this downlink data and uplink control. By means of measurements and simulations, we study the impact of interference and path loss when transmitting data to and from the UAV. Two scenarios are considered in which UAVs act as either base stations transmitting in downlink or UEs transmitting in uplink, and their impact on the respective downlink and uplink performance of an LTE ground network is analyzed. Both measurements and simulations are used to quantify such impact for a range of scenarios with varying altitude, distance from the base station, or UAV density. The measurement sets show that signal-to-interference ratio decreases up to 7 dB for UAVs at 150 m compared to ground users. Simulation results show that a UAV density of 10/km2 gives an average degradation of the signal-to-interference ratio of more than 6 dB. It is concluded that interference is going to be a major limiting factor when LTE enabled UAVs are introduced, and that strong technical solutions will have to be found.
IEEE-CommMag  IEEE  LTE  UAS  drones  interference  UAV 
april 2018 by pierredv
Raytheon Downs UAVs with High-Power Microwaves and Lasers | 2018-03-22 | Microwave Journal
A high-power microwave and laser system developed by Raytheon downed 45 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) during a U.S. Army exercise at Fort Sill, Okla.

Raytheon's high-power microwave system engaged multiple UAV swarms, downing 33 drones, two and three at a time. The high energy laser (HEL) component identified, tracked, engaged and killed 12 airborne, maneuvering Class I and II UAVs and destroyed six stationary mortar projectiles. The solid-state laser system was mounted on a dune buggy.
MicrowaveJournal  drones  counter-measures  UAS  UAV  Raytheon 
march 2018 by pierredv
SDR's Hard Side Shown in DARPA Hackfest | EE Times Mar 2018
"During the hackfest, we saw teams struggle to master the combination of SDR and UAV technology against the background of real-world phenomenon. Teams found that no matter how much FOSS is applied, they still had to confront a diversity of challenges, among them uncertainty and latency in moving the UAVs, computational limitations of embedded systems, different processor capabilities, and various issues with radio signals.

Teams experienced such challenges throughout the event. For example, the indoor environment by the range itself fluctuated as the doors opened and closed, or as people moved around. That led to ugly radio frequency propagation issues from the concrete walls that surrounded the radios. Using an automatic system for power control or executing similar adaptive behaviors could have helped overcome the environmental changes."
SDR  EETimes  DARPA  UAS  drones 
march 2018 by pierredv
SoftBank Backs New High Altitude Pseudo-Satellite Venture - Via Satellite - Jan 2018
"A High Altitude Pseudo-Satellite (HAPS) is a category of unmanned aircraft that AeroVironment thinks could deliver a multitude of benefits to the commercial market through use of Internet of Things (IOT) and other technologies and concepts. The company has announced a joint venture with a Japanese firm to develop a solar-powered, high-altitude, long-endurance Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) and certificate it. Called HAPSMobile, the new joint venture would be 95 percent owned by Japan-based telecommunications operator SoftBank, AeroVironment said."
HAPS  satellite  ViaSatellite  investing  SoftBank  AeroVironment  UAS 
january 2018 by pierredv
Based On Group's Recommendations On How To Remotely ID And Track | Aviation Week Dec 2017
"The FAA will craft a proposed regulation from the recommendations of a broad-based advisory group that met this summer to consider ways to remotely identify and track drones. However, the group ultimately could not agree on a weight or capability threshold that would trigger the tracking requirement. The group identified several technologies that small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) could use to transmit their positions, either by direct broadcast for local reception or through a network.

The agency released the final report of its UAS Identification and Tracking aviation rulemaking committee (ARC) on Dec. 19. "

"The process generated eight proposals for technology alternatives, which fell into two broad categories as either direct-broadcast or “network-publishing” solutions for position reporting."
AviationWeek  drones  UAS  FAA  identification 
january 2018 by pierredv
Drones More Dangerous Than Birds, FAA Collision Study Says | Aviation Week Nov 2017
The stiff structures and concentrated masses of batteries and cameras on small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) will inflict more damage to aircraft structures than flexible birds, says the study by a consortium of universities under the Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (Assure).
AviationWeek  drones  FAA  UAS  collision 
november 2017 by pierredv
New Sensors, Payloads Expanding Small UAS Capabilities | Aviation Week, Sep 2017
Having widely deployed small tactical unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) across its forces, the U.S. military is moving to increase their usefulness through sensor upgrades and new payloads. The most numerous are Insitu’s ScanEagle, Textron Systems’ RQ-7 Shadow and AeroVironment’s RQ-11 Raven and RQ-20 Puma. And while the procurement peak is past, upgrades are continuing.
AviationWeek  UAS  military  DoD 
october 2017 by pierredv
Intelsat General Corp. President On Epic’s Military Uses | World Satellite Business Week content from Aviation Week
"The launch of the fifth in the Epic constellation of Boeing-made satellites, designed for maximum flexibility with the ability to interconnect between three different bands, will also be able to transmit full-motion video from small UAVs used by militaries"

"Butler explains that Epic, a Boeing 702MP satellite, can connect spot beams to other spot beams rather than connecting through a gateway. “You can just pick two beams anywhere on the footprint of the satellite and say, ‘I want to go from here to here,’” Butler notes. "

"Ultimately, that means users such as the U.S. military can offer more services with the same amount of capacity as in a traditional wide-beam architecture. In addition, these high-throughput satellites are able to reduce the threat of jamming. "
AviationWeek  Intelsat  Boeing  UAS  UAV  surveillance 
september 2017 by pierredv
Converge
via Brad Bernthal -- I asked about strong companies for the 3D Wireless conference, he replied "Converge from the 2016 Techstars class is on point"

About: "Converge was founded by two MIT graduates who are recognized leaders in the drone industry. They created the first app for flying a drone with a smartphone in 2008. Converge’s apps have been used on three separate continents, and at a variety of commercial, critical infrastructure, and residential sites. Converge’s team has over twenty five years of experience in the drone industry and has worked with over fifteen different drones. In 2016, Converge was selected to be part of the Techstars accelerator program, and was the first drone investment made by Techstars. Converge is backed by Samsung Next, Kima Ventures, Techstars Ventures and other amazing investors."
drones  UAS  Techstars 
september 2017 by pierredv
Commercial Fixed Wing Drone | UAV Drones | Unmanned Aircraft Systems
via Dale Hatfield
"At UASUSA we believe unmanned aircraft systems are civil servants in the air. With a different pedigree and no resemblance to the well-known military drone, UASUSA develops and sells civilian Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) that are helping governments, businesses, and non-governmental organizations resolve some of society’s biggest commercial, environmental, and scientific challenges. "
drones  UAS  UAV  Boulder 
september 2017 by pierredv
Agribotix | Agricultural Intelligence. Drone Enabled.
via Brad Bernthal, Sep 2017, for conference
"Agribotix is the agricultural intelligence company that provides fully supported, user-friendly, drone-enabled technologies and services developed exclusively for agriculture."
Boulder  UAS  drones  agriculture 
september 2017 by pierredv
New AGI Business to Focus on UAS Traffic Management for BVLOS - Unmanned Aerial Online, Jul 2016
"Analytical Graphics Inc. (AGI) – a developer of commercial modeling and analysis software for land, sea, air and space systems – has established a new business unit, SKYVUE LLC, which will deliver unmanned aircraft system (UAS) traffic management (UTM) software services for operations taking place beyond the visual line of sight (BVLOS). . . . The business will use AGI’s commercial situational awareness technology to provide air navigation services such as airspace management, real-time flight monitoring and deconfliction."
UAS  UTM  AGI  drones  traffic-management 
september 2017 by pierredv
TEKEVER, ViaSat Enter Strategic Alliance to Expand the Civilian Use of Drones with Advanced Satellite Communications | ViaSat, June 2015
"The TEKEVER Group, a leading Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) manufacturer, and ViaSat, an innovator in broadband and communication technologies and services, have announced a strategic alliance to expand the civilian use of drones with advanced satellite communications. This joint collaboration will bring ViaSat’s communication technologies onto TEKEVER’s drone platforms to push the boundaries of UAS range in civilian Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) applications."
TEKEVER  ViaSat  satellite  press-release  drones  UAS 
august 2017 by pierredv
USAF Wants Authority To Down Drones After F-22 Near Miss | Defense content from Aviation Week
"As drone technology becomes cheaper and more commercially available, the U.S. Air Force is increasingly worried about the threats posed by small UAS such as quadcopters. But while the service is developing the tools to defend against these systems—from jamming their electronics to shooting them down—it lacks the legal authority to use them, says Gen. James Holmes, commander of Air Combat Command."

"Dealing with commercial drones near protected facilities is a complicated legal issue. The FAA is responsible for all U.S. airspace, and has already established no-fly zones over every U.S. military base so any drone flight there is illegal. But determining when it is OK for the military to disable or destroy UAS that wander into its facilities is still something of a gray area. Outside the Pentagon and FAA, multiple government agencies are involved, including the Department of Homeland Security and even the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which mandates that only government agencies can use jamming against drones."
USAF  drones  UAS  AviationWeek  enforcement  Interference 
july 2017 by pierredv
Skyward aims to be the Verizon of drone services | FierceWireless Jul 2017
"It’s still early in the integration process—Verizon just acquired Skyward in February—but the drone-as-a-service company is not short on aspirations.

"Founded in 2012, the Portland, Oregon-based company wants to be the Verizon of drone services, so to speak, a goal it’s hoping to attain in part by participating in the process of actually creating rules for the road in the sky."

"Skyward doesn’t make drones, but its services enable enterprises to safely deploy drones at scale. The company employs a team of professional pilots and computer scientists who created the platform that serves various industries, including agriculture, construction, energy, mining, retail and sports."
Verizon  Skyward  drones  UAS  FierceWireless 
july 2017 by pierredv
Europe’s Complex UAV Studies Delivering Tangible Results | Aviation Week Jun 2017
"Europe’s reliance on fleets of U.S. and Israeli-produced unmanned aerial systems (UAS) has been a source of irritation for European aerospace over the last decade.

Despite billions of euros being spent across the continent to generate the technology to meet expected military needs, governments have flowed their money for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance requirements into programs such as the U.S. Reaper or the Israeli Heron.

But change is in the air, with a number of key studies defining the future of Europe’s unmanned military capabilities now reaching maturity."
AviationWeek  drones  UAS  Europe 
june 2017 by pierredv
Why not auction off low-altitude airspace for exclusive use?
"Tech-optimists predict that drones and small aircraft may soon crowd US skies. An FAA administrator predicted that by 2020 tens of thousands of drones would be in US airspace at any one time. Further, over a dozen companies, including Uber, are building vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft that could one day shuttle people point-to-point in urban areas. Today, low-altitude airspace use is episodic (helicopters, ultralights, drones) and with such light use, the low-altitude airspace is shared on an ad hoc basis with little air traffic management. Coordinating thousands of aircraft in low-altitude flight, however, demands a new regulatory framework.

Why not auction off low-altitude airspace for exclusive use?"

JP notes:

There's an intriguing analogy between low vs. high altitude airspace, and licensed vs. unlicensed spectrum. Both distinctions are underpinned by different collision risk levels.

Given the experience in spectrum, I'm not sanguine about the prospects of secondary markets and subleasing.

A more fundamental objection might be exclusion. Unlike spectrum, one can't have parallel equivalent parcels in the same geographical area. If Amazon controlled a parcel, it's unlikely that it would allow Wal-Mart to use it. Airspace parcels seem to have natural monopoly characteristics that radio frequency blocks don't.
TechnologyLiberationFront  Brent-Skorup  drones  auctions  spectrum-auctions  UAS 
june 2017 by pierredv
Qualcomm Technologies releases LTE drone trial results | Qualcomm May 2017
"Today, we are pleased to present the results of the first the first* comprehensive, systematic study of cellular system performance in networks serving low-altitude (400 feet above ground level and below) drones. The analysis supports the viability of 4G LTE commercial mobile networks for drones operating beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) at 400 feet above ground level (AGL) and below."

https://www.qualcomm.com/documents/lte-unmanned-aircraft-systems-trial-report

"testing key performance indicators (KPIs) such as coverage, signal strength, throughput, latency, and mobility under various scenarios on commercial LTE networks."

"The field trial demonstrated that LTE networks can support safe drone operation in real-world environments. Our findings showed that existing commercial cellular networks can provide coverage to drones at low altitudes up to 400 feet AGL. Our test drones also showed seamless handovers between different base stations during flights. "
Qualcomm  drones  UAS  4G  LTE 
june 2017 by pierredv
How drone hobbyist John Taylor fought the FAA and won - Technical.ly DC
"For D.C.-area lawyer John Taylor, it was a sweet resolution to a year-and-a-half-long legal skirmish. But even in victory, Taylor remains uncertain, as it’s possible the FAA moves to temporarily halt a ruling favorable to hobbyists."
drones  UAS  law 
june 2017 by pierredv
Drones—what are they good for? - Economist Technology Quarterly June 2017
"Today’s drones are mostly flying cameras. They are already being put to a wide range of business uses"

Industries discussed
= agriculture
= construction and related industries
= mining and aggregates - supply chain
= "inspection of buildings and other infrastructure, such as pipelines, wind turbines, electrical pylons, solar farms and offshore platforms"

"So the industry has been pursuing the idea of “reality capture”, using technology to measure buildings precisely during construction and track the use of raw materials on site to ensure that everything is going according to plan. Drones are ideally suited to the task. Thousands of aerial photographs are crunched into a 3D site model, accurate to within a few centimetres, called a “point cloud”, which can be compared with the digital model of the building. And safety worries that hamper the use of drones in other fields are kept to a minimum because construction sites are closed areas, workers wear hard hats, and drones fly within line of sight."

"A single drone flight can generate as much as 100 gigabytes of data, says Anil Nanduri of Intel. Airware, which is working with large insurance companies in Europe and America, has developed a system that handles the whole process."
TheEconomist  drones  UAS  commerce 
june 2017 by pierredv
The future of drones depends on regulation, not just technology - Rules & tools - Economist Technical Quarterly, June 2017
"DJI’s drones already support “geo-fencing” using technology provided by Mr McNeal’s company, AirMap. Its database of where drones are and are not allowed to fly is built into the software used to control them, working with satellite positioning to prevent an operator from flying a drone too close to an airport, for example. AirMap’s database can be updated in real time to keep drones away from unexpected events such as fires and other incidents."

"The UTM system will be automatic, with drones filing requests to use particular flight paths with a local data exchange, which then co-ordinates all the movements. “The regulator only sets the rules and defines the exchanges, so it’s a very different way of doing things from air-traffic control,” says Dr Kopardekar."

"By contrast, his firm disables drones by intercepting their control signals and video feeds. Examining the radio traffic to and from a drone makes it possible to determine what type it is, track it and if necessary take it over to disable it or force it to land. Anti-drone systems made by SkySafe, and rivals such as Dedrone and DroneShield, are being evaluated for military and government use and to police airspace around airports, stadiums and prisons (to prevent smuggling of phones, drugs and other items to inmates)."

"Drones will need to be equipped with “sense and avoid” systems and long-range radio to communicate with each other and with the data exchange."
TheEconomist  drones  UAS  regulation  DJI  AirMap 
june 2017 by pierredv
[pdf] UTM: Air Traffic Management for Low-Altitude Drones - NASA
"NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., with
its extensive experience in autonomous systems and air
traffic management, is leading the UTM research in close
collaboration with NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in
Edwards, Calif.; NASA’s Glenn Research Center in Cleveland;
and NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Va. Ames
has a history of conducting research in autonomy-related
topics, and is experienced at developing systems that can
adapt their behavior to environments that are complex, rapidly
changing and incompletely understood"

"NASA’s development and demonstration of technologies for a
possible future UTM system take place during four Technology
Capability Level (TCL) activities"
UTM  UAS  drones  traffic  traffic-management  aviation  factsheet 
june 2017 by pierredv
[pdf] Technical Characteristics and Regulatory Challenges of Communications Satellite Earth Stations on Moving Platforms, Cuevas & Weerackody
ABSTRACT
Earth stations on moving platforms (ESOMPs) are a new generation of satellite terminals designed
to operate at the X-, C-, Ku-, and Ka-frequency bands and provide on-the-move broadband communication
services to land vehicles, aircraft, and ships. Some of the distinguishing characteristics
of ESOMPs are that they use very small antennas and require tracking systems to maintain
accurate pointing to the target satellite. However, because they operate while on the move, there
may be instances when antenna-pointing errors may result in increased interference to other
co-frequency neighboring satellites or other radio systems. To account for pointing errors and
other time-varying characteristics of a network of ESOMP terminals, it is necessary to use statistical
approaches for interference analysis such that the resulting interference is not harmful to the
victim network. The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) made significant
technical contributions on these topics and is actively engaged in the development of international
standards for ESOMPs. This article provides an overview of ESOMPs, their technical and
operational characteristics, statistical approaches for interference analysis, and the standards and
regulatory challenges that must be addressed for their successful operation.
UAS  NGSO  GSO  ESOMP  satellite 
june 2017 by pierredv
D.C. Circuit Strikes Down FAA Registration Rule for Recreational Drones | Global Policy Watch
"On May 19, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit invalidated a Federal Aviation Administration regulation that required the owners of recreational drones—unmanned aircraft system (“UAS”)—to register with the agency.  The court held that the regulation violated the same law that the FAA had used, in part, to justify the requirement.  The court’s ruling had no effect on a separate registration requirements for drones used in commercial operations."
Covington  drones  UAS  law  FAA 
may 2017 by pierredv
Do Large Unmanned Aircraft Have A Commercial Market? | Technology content from Aviation Week
"Where is the commercial market for large unmanned aircraft systems (UAS)? When the aviation community began thinking about how to open the skies to unmanned aircraft, it was assumed they would be large, long-endurance machines sharing controlled airspace with manned aircraft.

But the market went in a different direction. Small UAS, or drones, weighing less than 55 lb.—many much less—became the name of the game. Instead of a handful of established aircraft manufacturers, startups by the score emerged to push regulators to open up access to uncontrolled airspace below 400 ft."

"The presenters were from AeroVironment, General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Northrop Grumman and NASA­—all of which were once on the government-backed Access 5 project that aimed to enable safe and routine access to the U.S. national airspace system (NAS) for high-altitude, long-endurance UAS. Although Access 5 ended in 2006 after two of a planned five years, government-supported research on airspace access for UAS has until recently tended to focus on larger, higher-flying aircraft. NASA’s UAS in the NAS project is centered on the command-and-control (C2) and detect-and-avoid (DAA) systems needed for UAS to operate in controlled airspace. Although not explicitly linked to large UAS, these systems are not designed for small drones."

“Low-altitude UAS are coming up in capability, and large aircraft are miniaturizing,” says UAS in the NAS Deputy Program Manager Davis Hackenberg.

"AeroVironment is still pushing its SkyTower concept of persistent solar-powered UAS flying at 60,000-80,000 ft. to provide communications services (see photo). Facebook’s Aquila is a similar concept, as is Airbus’s Zephyr, but while these machines are large, they are not heavy. "

"Missions could include communications relay, long linear inspections of rail, power and pipelines, border security and fisheries protection. Other missions for more specialized large UAS could include crop spraying and cargo carrying. “Freight is where I see the industry going,” says McNall. But for now, he admits, “We are not seeing a market pull to large UAS.” "
AviationWeek  UAS  AeroVironment  NASA  DAA  RTCA  Facebook  Airbus 
may 2017 by pierredv
Commercial UAS Services Business Launched By Airbus | Aviation Week, May 2017
"Airbus has formed a U.S.-based company, called Airbus Aerial, to bring together commercial satellite and unmanned aircraft remote sensing to provide data collection and image processing services to large and global enterprise customers."

"Airbus Aerial’s initial focus will be on developing new imagery services using information provided by drones, satellites, high-altitude aircraft and other sources. These could include Airbus’s Zephyr high-altitude, long-endurance “pseudo-satellite” unmanned aircraft system (UAS)."
Airbus  UAS  drones  satellite  3D-wireless 
may 2017 by pierredv
Europe proposes new UAV safety rules | ATWOnline May 2017
"The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has launched proposals to regulate the operation of small drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), in the continent."
Europe  EASA  UAV  UAS  drones 
may 2017 by pierredv
Spectrum for drones a key issue for WRC-15 — PolicyTracker, Oct 2014
As interest in drones ("unmanned aircraft systems" or UAS) continues to grow, one big question is what spectrum could be used for their command and control. WRC-15 will consider whether frequency bands allocated to the fixed satellite service (FSS) are suitable for the control and non-payload communications of drones in commercial airspace.
UAS  FSS  WRC-15  drones  CNPC 
april 2017 by pierredv
ICAO tries to solve "chicken and egg" situation of satellite CNPC for UAS — PolicyTracker, Sep 2015
"Most regions have so far opposed a proposal to allow the use of satellite control and non-payload communications for unmanned aircraft systems in spectrum allocated to the fixed satellite service. A new statement from the ICAO looks set to change that.
Representatives of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) have expressed support for an Inter-American proposal (IAP) that would allow the fixed satellite service (FSS) bands to be used for satellite control and non-payload communications (CNPC) of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). "
ICAO  UAS  CNPC  satellite  FSS 
april 2017 by pierredv
Islamic State Now Using Off-the-Shelf Drones | Aviation Week March 2017
"The conflicts in Iraq and Syria have seen the rise of a new form of unmanned warfare, the large-scale use of weaponized consumer drones. Islamic State group militants have also built a significant micro-UAV capability, and continue to grow that by leveraging commercial technology."

"Islamic State militants started using drones to film suicide attacks for recruitment videos in 2014 and soon moved to battlefield reconnaissance. A drone video of a Syrian military base was followed by suicide bombings at the base’s weak points. Islamic State drones guide armored truck bombs to their targets; in Mosul they locate targets and help adjust the aim of mortar fire."

"ISIS documents reveal a coordinated drone effort rather than local initiatives. The most common munition is a 40-mm grenade warhead in a finned aerodynamic body, produced in large numbers."
drones  AviationWeek  UAS  UAV  ISIS 
march 2017 by pierredv
Main - Global UTM Association
"The Global UTM Association was founded in July 2016 as a non-profit organization. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland. As of August 31st 2016, it was representing organizations distributed across 15 countries and 7 activities: Air navigation service providers, UAS manufacturers, UAS operators, UTM software providers, Infrastructure providers, Regulatory bodies, and Academic experts."
UTM  UAS  drones 
september 2016 by pierredv
NASA UTM: Home - Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM)
"Enabling Civilian Low-Altitude Airspace and Unmanned Aircraft System Operations"
NASA  UTM  UAS  drones 
september 2016 by pierredv
Fact Sheet – Small Unmanned Aircraft Regulations (Part 107)
The new rules for non-hobbyist small unmanned aircraft (UAS) operations – Part 107 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (PDF) – cover a broad spectrum of commercial uses for drones weighing less than 55 pounds. Here are the highlights of the new rule.
FAA  drones  UAS  rules  regulations 
august 2016 by pierredv
FAA Drone Rules Take Effect; Commercial Use of Drones Permitted with Certain Conditions | Global Policy Watch
"The Federal Aviation Administration’s (“FAA”) long-awaited rule on the commercial use of small unmanned aircraft systems (“UAS” or “drones”) took effect Monday, August 29, 2016, providing a comprehensive and generally applicable set of rules for anyone wishing to operate a small drone for commercial purposes."
FAA  drones  UAS  rules  regulations  Covington 
august 2016 by pierredv
Hacked off | The Economist -- May 2016
"Guarding against rogue drones could be a legal nightmare"
Legal issues:
> "detecting a small hovering quadcopter drone at any reasonable distance requires a relatively powerful radar" which are covered by FCC rules
> "intercepting signals used by a drone might be considered an illegal “wiretap”, according to FCC regulations"
> "Jamming signals is also against the law."
TheEconomist  drones  UAS  UAV  countermeasures 
june 2016 by pierredv
Bumpy landing for unmanned aerial systems at WRC-15 - PolicyTracker Dec 2015
"Delegates at the World Radiocommunication Conference agreed on a range of frequencies for use by unmanned aerial systems (UAS) but technical and regulatory questions remain."
PolicyTracker  drones  UAS  WRC-15 
december 2015 by pierredv
Spectrum for drones a key issue for WRC-15 -- PolicyTracker Oct 2014
"As interest in drones ("unmanned aircraft systems" or UAS) continues to grow, one big question is what spectrum could be used for their command and control. WRC-15 will consider whether frequency bands allocated to the fixed satellite service (FSS) are suitable for the control and non-payload communications of drones in commercial airspace."
WRC-15  drones  UAS  FSS  satellite  aviation  ITU  ICAO 
october 2014 by pierredv
Busting the FAA’s “Myth Busting” Document | Drone Law Journal
"On February 26, 2014, the FAA published on its website a document entitled, “Busting Myths about the FAA and Unmanned Aircraft.” It purports to dispel “common myths,” and provide “corresponding facts.” It does neither. In fact, it’s no more than a rehash of what the FAA has been falsely claiming all along. It again cites no relevant federal statutes, federal regulations or case law to support its claims. That’s because none exists." "Let’s tear this meaningless document apart, piece by piece."
drones  UAV  UAS  FAA 
february 2014 by pierredv
No Man’s Land | MAKE
Commercial drone operator standing up to the FAA, which is trying to enforce non-binding guidance
aviation  UAS  drones  FAA  law  regulation 
january 2014 by pierredv
Technology monitor: Joining the drones club | The Economist Sep 2011
"THE future of air power is likely to be unmanned. It may also be surprisingly small. Reapers and Predators grab the headlines, but these big, high-profile drones are already outnumbered by small and cheap but capable craft. "
TheEconomist  surveillance  UAS  war  drones 
october 2011 by pierredv
Unmanned aerial warfare: Flight of the drones | The Economist Oct 2011
"Over the past decade UAS have become the counter-terrorism weapon of choice. Since 2005 there has been a 1,200% increase in combat air patrols by UAVs." "Not all the arguments favour UAS, though. Advocates of continuing investment in manned aircraft point out that current drones depend on two-way satellite communications. If the datalink is broken the remote pilot will lose direct control of the aircraft, which then has to rely on pre-loaded software and GPS guidance. For routine missions that may be all right, but for missions requiring constant oversight, the vulnerability to electronic jamming or a direct attack on a communications satellite is an Achilles heel. Datalinks can also go down without help from an enemy."
TheEconomist  aviation  UAS  interference  GPS  warfare  drones 
october 2011 by pierredv

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