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Retrotechtacular: 934 MHz CB Radio | Hackaday
Via Dale Hatfield

"Governments tend to be their happiest when in the driver’s seat, and thus they were reluctant to simply licence the same CB allocation as the American one. During the protracted period of campaigning by CBers over the end of the decade it became obvious that there was a very significant demand for an allocation but they could not be seen to let the illegal CBers win. Their first tactic was to propose a 928 MHz UHF allocation with a 500mW power limit which was rejected by the CB lobbyists, so the final allocation became a 27 MHz one with a 4W limit on an odd set of frequencies incompatible with the American ones, and using FM rather than the American AM. Alongside this they clung to a UHF allocation, which was finally given at 934 MHz."

"The Government hoped that having two CB allocations unique to the UK would create a home-grown industry supplying British-made CB rigs, a seductive idea for politicians with little knowledge of how the electronic hardware industry works."
radio  history  CB-radio  UK  industrial-policy 
12 weeks ago by pierredv
UK, 'Five Eyes' & the Future of SatNav & PNT | RNTF, Aug 2019
The United Kingdom has a golden opportunity with this initiative to be a world leader in PNT.

To capture this title, they must be innovative and not just field a British version of what the US, Russia, Europe, and China have already done. The UK must focus on users, reliability, resilience, and affordability.
august 2019 by pierredv
Mozilla Named "Internet Villain" for Supporting DNS-Over-HTTPS by a UK ISP Association
Mozilla was nominated as one of the three ISPAUK's 2019 Internet Villains for their proposed approach "to introduce DNS-over-HTTPS in such a way as to bypass UK filtering obligations and parental controls, undermining internet safety standards in the UK."
CircleID  surveillance  internet  DNS  UK 
july 2019 by pierredv
Unlocking digital competition, Report of the Digital Competition Expert Panel - GOV.UK March 2019
"An independent report on the state of competition in digital markets, with proposals to boost competition and innovation for the benefit of consumers and businesses. "



This is the final report of the Digital Competition Expert Panel. Appointed by the Chancellor in 2018, and chaired by former Chief Economist to President Obama, Professor Jason Furman, the Panel makes recommendations for changes to the UK’s competition framework that are needed to face the economic challenges posed by digital markets, in the UK and internationally. Their report recommends updating the rules governing merger and antitrust enforcement, as well as proposing a bold set of pro-competition measures to open up digital markets.
competition  UK  Internet  antitrust 
april 2019 by pierredv
How the mythology of World War II shaped Brexit - The Christian Science Monitor Daily for March 28, 2019
"Inside the [Biggin Hill Memorial] museum, a retired police officer peers into a cabinet of medals, maps, and crockery. “This is why a lot of people voted to come away,” explains Robin, who didn’t want his surname used. “We would like to stand alone again. We’ve always been an island nation.”"

"But the mythmaking that connects the Battle of Britain to Brexit has a particular strain. In this narrative, Britain is forever battling alone, bereft of allies, against a dominant continental European power. And anyone who settles for less than victory is an appeaser on par with those of the 1930s, before Churchill led the nation to its “finest hour.”"

"In the hands of pro-Brexit politicians, myths of wartime derring-do fueled the 2016 referendum, which turned on ideas of sovereignty and EU overreach, as well as immigration and jobs."

“In many countries [the war is] recognized as a disaster and a cause of immense suffering. In Britain’s case it’s seen as a uniquely powerful moment of national success.”
CSMonitor  politics  mythology  Brexit  UK 
april 2019 by pierredv
The historical burden of antisemitism | In the Long Run - Helen Thompson, Mar 2019
"The Labour Party’s crisis over antisemitism under Jeremy Corbyn’s leadership has an air of inevitability. Yet the party’s tribulations brought about by Corbyn’s past and present political commitments are also in part the story of a struggle against the very idea that the past acts as a constraint on political beliefs."
antisemitism  politics  UK 
march 2019 by pierredv
U.K. Cyber Security Center Says Most Attacks Are From Hostile States - Bloomberg Oct 2018
"The U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre blamed hostile foreign states for the majority of the 1,167 attacks it has handled in the two years it’s been running, equivalent to 10 assaults a week."

"As fifth generation or 5G telephone networks come into service, companies should examine their supply chains, which may be at greater risk of hacking, the report recommended."
Bloomberg  UK  cybersecurity  vulnerability  5G 
october 2018 by pierredv
Protect spectrum access systems from attacks, study says | PolicyTracker Sep 2018
"Keeping networks safe from malicious or inadvertent attacks isn't just a matter for the online world. As new technologies enable the development of more potentially interfering devices, instances of spectrum disruption are on the rise. The UK Spectrum Policy Forum (SPF) has 10 recommendations to help spectrum users, managers and installers fight back. "

"Disruptions may come from cyber-spectrum criminals seeking to make money from fraud or from industrial competitors and foreign intelligence agencies looking for an economic advantage for their companies or countries, the report said. Hacktivists might want to attack spectrum-dependent systems (SDSs) for political or ideological reasons, and company insiders with legitimate access to SDSs may cause disruptions accidentally or for malign reasons. Other SDSs in the same spectrum might disrupt though accidental or deliberate system configurations; changes to the local built or natural environment could also increase interference signals."

"Car theft is on the rise in the UK as more criminals use radio transmitters to perform “relay” car hacks.
"A robber in Saint Petersburg, Russia, defeated the alarm system in a jewellery store with a repetitive radio frequency generator whose manufacture was reportedly no more complicated than assembling a home microwave oven.
"GSM-R, which is part of the European Train Management System, involves some data which is safety-critical, said MacLeod. If the GSM-R connection is lost, the train must stop. Compact battery-powered jammers can be bought on the internet for GSM systems, and it’s likely they can be operated from within the train. In 2015, the number of interferences reported on GSM-R that could stop trains from running rose to the point where Finland reportedly switched to a domestic radio system.
"Other problems have included interference to meteorological radars from a 5 GHz disabled dynamic frequency selection mechanism and ground-based interference that caused the loss of meteorological satellite services."
PolicyTracker  cybersecurity  spectrum  UK  SPF-SpectrumPolicyForum 
september 2018 by pierredv
New SPF Report: Cyber-Spectrum Resilience-Framework
"New UK Spectrum Policy Forum paper identifies 10-step Cyber-Spectrum Resilience Framework for spectrum users to minimise the spectrum threat to their businesses and contribute to the overall national cyber resilience strategy."

To help keep spectrum-using systems safe, the paper includes the below ten-point checklist for spectrum users, managers and installers:

1. Spectrum Audits: Do you know what frequencies you are using and why?
2. Impact assessment: Do you know what would the impact be on your business if you lost access to spectrum?
3. Detect/Monitor/Record: Are you checking the availability and usage of your frequencies?
4. Respond and Recover: Have you got a plan for getting back to business as usual after an interruption to your spectrum access?
5. Reporting: How and when do you report disruption?
6. Practice: Have you stress tested your system and your response and recovery plans?
7. Awareness: Are your staff aware of potential threats to spectrum availability?
8. Update: Do you implement regular updates?
9. Qualified personnel: Do you ensure that you are using suitably qualified personnel (SQP) to configure and control your systems?
10. Board responsibility: Do your Directors take responsibility for spectrum resilience?
cybersecurity  spectrum  UK  SPF-SpectrumPolicyForum  QinetiQ  cyber-spectrum  denial-of-spectrum 
september 2018 by pierredv
MEO startup Methera plans “high density” HTS constellation - aug 2018
"In medium Earth orbit, the only system providing satellite broadband today is SES Networks’ constellation of 16 O3b satellites. A British startup with its own 16-satellite constellation idea wants to change that. Methera Global Communications estimates it needs $500 million to build and launch a constellation of satellites each equipped with 40 gigabits of capacity to beam down Ka-band connectivity to highly concentrated areas. If successful, Methera will launch its first spacecraft in 2022, with service starting that same year."

" “Instead of trying to put a thin veneer of coverage around the globe, what we’re doing is looking at a small number of targets where we will put lots of capacity,” [CEO Chris McIntosh] said. Methera’s 700-kilogram satellites — the same mass as the first-generation O3b satellites — will hone capacity on extremely specific locations, targeting a small number of high-value customers "

"But positioning the satellites in medium Earth orbit means customers of Methera’s system will need advanced antennas that can track the satellites as they move relative to the Earth’s surface. ... O3b faced the same challenge and, finding flat panel, electronically steerable antennas commercially unavailable, started service in 2014 with terminals using two dishes ensuring a constant link for uninterrupted service. ... Methera is focusing initially on parabolic antennas as well"

"Methera has a pending application with the U.K.’s telecom regulator Ofcom to license its low-latency satellite system, McIntosh said. The company has not applied for market access in the U.S. with the Federal Communications Commission because the U.S. is not an area of initial focus, he said. "

"16 satellites in 18,000-kilometer polar orbits — about 2,000 kilometers below the U.S. Air Force’s GPS satellites"
SpaceNews  Methera  UK  NGSO  MEO  satellite  broadband  O3b  antennas  Ofcom 
august 2018 by pierredv
Future of UK’s planned emergency services network could be in doubt | PolicyTracker, June 2018
"The future of the UK's planned Emergency Services Network (ESN)–the LTE-based communications system being developed for the country's police, paramedics and fire services–could be in doubt."
PolicyTracker  LTE  UK  public-safety 
june 2018 by pierredv
House of Lords Select Committee publishes report on the future of AI in the UK | Covington Global Policy Watch Apr 2018
"Reflecting evidence from 280 witnesses from the government, academia and industry, and nine months of investigation, the UK House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence published its report “AI in the UK: ready, willing and able?” on April 16, 2018 (the Report). The Report considers the future of AI in the UK, from perceived opportunities to risks and challenges. In addition to scoping the legal and regulatory landscape, the Report considers the role of AI in a social and economic context, and proposes a set of ethical guidelines. This blog post sets out those ethical guidelines and summarises some of the key features of the Report."

"Access to Data
One of the key concerns set out in the Report is that all companies should have “fair and reasonable access to data”. The Committee notes the possibility that the ‘Big Tech’ companies may use network effects to build up large proprietary datasets which are difficult to match. In response, the Committee suggests ethical, data protection and competition frameworks, including a review of the use of data by the Competition and Markets Authority."
Covington  AI  UK 
may 2018 by pierredv
Glasgow leads Britain's satellite space race - Sky News, Apr 2018
"Satellites once took 10 to 15 years to design and produce but newer nano-versions can be easily built in days or weeks."

"The former shipbuilding hub has re-invented itself for the space age. It now makes more satellites than any other city outside the United States.

Scotland's first satellite, built by Clyde Space, was launched just four years ago. Since then Alba Orbital and Spire Global have joined the space race, between them putting around 100 satellites in orbit."
UK  Scotland  space  manufacturing  satellite  Spire 
april 2018 by pierredv
UK Government responds to GNSS dependence - call for action - Innovate UK - Mar 2018
"There has been much hype in the GNSS community around a recent report from the Government’s Office for Science (GO-Science) that investigated the dependencies of the UK’s critical services to satellite navigation technology, specifically Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), such as the American GPS system. The report called for some action and with typical British understatement and quiet resolve, things are happening."

"This article outlines the report, the key findings and the recommendations but also addresses what happens next, which is ultimately the call to arms of the report – take action."

"The key point from this chapter is no single mitigation technology can protect GNSS in all applications. A layered approach, application by application is required to deliver a resilient or robust system. "

"The recommendations do have a common theme; that our GNSS awareness is out of step with our dependence to GNSS and that our knowledge of the vulnerabilities and weaknesses of GNSS should be better. . . . the recommendations can be grouped into some simple sub-sets; improving awareness, improving the legal mechanisms and improving our technical expertise."
UK  GPS  GNSS  risk-assessment  mitigation  PNT 
april 2018 by pierredv
Effective Space Exec on the Company’s First Servicing Contract - Via Satellite -
"U.K.-based Effective Space announced it has secured the first contract for its in-orbit satellite servicing spacecraft, dubbed Space Drone. Under the contract, which is valued in excess of $100 million, Effective Space will launch two Space Drones to provide station-keeping and attitude control support for two communications satellites belonging to an undisclosed regional operator. The pair’s maiden voyage is scheduled for 2020."

“Operators are now waiting, in a sense, to see what will happen with the new trends of High Throughput Satellites (HTS) and Low Earth Orbit (LEO) constellations. Anything they can do to delay their replacement program could help,” Campbell said. “A solution that can extend existing assets in space is something that is getting a lot of attention in today’s market.”

"Space Drone weighs less than 400 kg, giving launch providers the option to orbit the spacecraft on a rideshare mission. Its relatively small mass also grants it the agility to traverse multiple orbits, opening the possibility for services such as active debris removal and deorbiting missions, Campbell said."

"Operators are also contending with the still-slumping price of bandwidth — meaning their number one concern now is ensuring their revenue streams remain intact as they decide where to sink their next dollar."

"the timing is apt for the emergence of in-orbit satellite vehicles such as Space Drone, Orbital ATK’s Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV) and SSL/NASA’s Restore-L."
ViaSatellite  UK  Space  satellite  in-orbit-servicing  interviews 
january 2018 by pierredv
Incorporating Social Value into Spectrum Allocation Decisions - GOV.UK 2015
Independent report on ensuring an evaluation of social value is incorporated into Spectrum Allocation decisions
By: Barwise, Cave, Culham, Lavender, Pratt and Tambini

Published 25 November 2015
From: Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport and Ed Vaizey

Details: "The UK Spectrum Strategy, launched in 2014, sets out the Government’s approach to the efficient management of radio spectrum in the UK. The ‘Incorporating Social Value into Spectrum Allocation Report’ will help better inform decision making on spectrum allocation in Government and by the regulator, and help stakeholders understand the decision making process."

Appendices: "Incorporating Social Value into Spectrum Allocation Decisions" by Fujiwara et al. was refrenced by Cave & Pratt 2016
spectrum  UK  allocation  valuation 
january 2018 by pierredv
Crafting better space industry policy | Nesta
In the US, nanosatellites are exempt from insurance, and supported with a Government run launch initiative. The USA Federal Communications Commission undertakes rigorous due diligence and imposes specific standards on the materials and building of a nanosatellite. Additionally, NASA’s CubeSat Launch Initiative supports partnerships with a large (mainly research) community, aiding collaboration and providing free launch slots to researchers willing to share their findings.
satellite  licensing  Nesta  UK 
november 2017 by pierredv
Licence to operate a space object: how to apply - GOV.UK
How to get a licence to launch or operate a spacecraft, satellite or manage other activities in outer space, under the Outer Space Act 1986.

UK nationals and companies intending to launch or procure the launch of a space object, operate a space object or carry on any other activity in outer space should make themselves familiar with the provisions of the Outer Space Act 1986 (PDF, 110KB, 8 pages) , plus the amendments made to the Act by the Deregulation Act 2015.

The Outer Space Act is the legal basis for the regulation of activities in outer space carried out by organisations or individuals established in the United Kingdom or one of its overseas territories or crown dependencies. It confers licensing and other powers on the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy acting through the UK Space Agency.
UK  space  satellite  licensing 
november 2017 by pierredv
Review of EU-third country cooperation on policies falling within the ITRE domain in relation to Brexit | Bruegel
"Bruegel scholars have just completed a study for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Parliament that seeks to help Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) and the general public to understand the possible future relationship between the EU and the UK in light of Brexit. . . The scope of the study corresponds to the thematic areas for which the ITRE Committee is responsible: energy, electronic communications, research policy and small business policy."
Scott-Marcus  Bruegel  EU  UK  Brexit  EuropeanParliament 
july 2017 by pierredv
The economic impact on the UK of a disruption to GNSS - GOV.UK, June 2017
This report researches and assesses the impact of a 5-day loss of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems on the UK economy
UK  GPS  risk-assessment  GNSS 
july 2017 by pierredv
The 4G threat: future-proofing the UK radar network - Airport Technology
"... a critical upgrade project undertaken by NATS, the UK's leading supplier of air traffic control (ATC) services, has quietly slipped under many people's radar.

The organisation, which provides ATC solutions to 15 UK airports, including Heathrow and Gatwick, and all en-route air traffic, has become the first operator to proof its radar systems against interference from the 4G network."

"NATS' solution to the problem involves upgrading its existing radars with filters that suppress the electrical waves generated by 4G network frequencies. "
UK  ATC  aviation  interference  Ofcom  NATS 
may 2017 by pierredv
Make the air fair.
Via PolicyTracker, jan 2017: "100,000 calls to action have flown in from the general public, mobilised by a campaign called Make the Air Fair. What do they want? A 30 per cent spectrum cap for all UK mobile operators. When do they want it? At some point in the future, presumably. That ball is in Ofcom’s court now."
advocacy  spectrum  spectrum-auctions  UK  Ofcom  grassroots  activism 
january 2017 by pierredv
Spending watchdog says UK government underestimated risks of LTE PPDR network — PolicyTracker - Sep 2016
"A National Audit Office (NAO) report concludes that it was a desire to save money that led the UK government to try something that with the exception of South Korea, which has a much better geographic LTE coverage, has not been tried anywhere else in the world – running an emergency services network (ESN) over a commercial supplier's network."
PolicyTracker  public-safety  LTE  UK  PPDR 
september 2016 by pierredv
'Robo-advice' approved by FCA but axes 220 jobs at RBS - BBC News March 2016
See also

"So-called "robo-advice" has resulted in hundreds of job cuts at Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), just as the regulator gave its blessing to the technology.
RBS is cutting the jobs of 220 face-to-face advisers, as it switches customers to an automated online service."
automation  finance  employment  UK  BBC 
march 2016 by pierredv
More LTE-DTT interference reported in France than UK - PolicyTracker Jan 2015
"Ben Roome, the chief executive of At800, explains why the UK’s 800 MHz interference problem is less significant than expected and how the majority of interference cases the organisation deals with have nothing to do with LTE." "Of the 2.3 million households that could be affected by LTE, only forty per cent of them (900,000) relied on DTT for TV. In 2013, the figure for the households that could be affected was revised down from 900,000 to 90,000." "In the first 18 months of operating there were 200,000 phone calls and 12,000 home visits to deal with complaints of interference. In three quarters of these cases, a separate cause – usually badly installed equipment – is found to be the main cause of poor reception." "On a per base station basis, there are 10 times fewer cases of interference in the UK than in France. France’s spectrum agency ANFR sees 10-12 cases per mast, while At800 sees a cumulative average of 0.9 cases per mast."
PolicyTracker  LTE  DTT  DTV  At800  interference  UK  France  800MHz 
january 2015 by pierredv
UK "celebrates" 10 years of spectrum trading - PolicyTracker Dec 2014
"From 2008 to 2014, 11,364 licences were traded, Ofcom said on a slide prepared for its recent “changes & challenges” event (slide 7 of this presentation). These break down into 3,684 trades involving business radio spectrum, and 7,596 for fixed links. There were also 14 trades of maritime spectrum; 15 of satellite spectrum; and 55 of block assigned spectrum."
PolicyTracker  Ofcom  UK  spectrum-trading 
december 2014 by pierredv
Ofcom proposes indefinite 3.5 GHz licence for UK Broadband - PolicyTracker Oct 2014
"Last autumn, Ofcom proposed to amalgamate the unused spectrum into one contiguous 40 MHz block (3560–3600 MHz) by swapping UK Broadband's lower spectrum holding with spectrum that is currently held by the Ministry of Defence (MoD). . . In the same consultation, Ofcom also proposed to extend the licence indefinitely in order to mirror conditions in the 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz band, which are also used for mobility. UK Broadband's current licence is due to expire in July 2018. . . However, by June 2014, Ofcom had changed its proposal to just extending the licence indefinitely, without spectrum consolidation. . . Ofcom's proposal was partly influenced by UK Broadband's refusal to invest in a network if they were not granted an indefinite licence." "Globally, the fixed wireless broadband business model has proven to be difficult to make work, especially with higher frequencies such as 3.5 GHz which have poorer propagation characteristics” said Scott McKenzie, a director at Coleago Consulting.
UK  spectrum  Ofcom  3.5GHz  3.4GHz  UKBroadband  licenses  licensing 
october 2014 by pierredv
GDS design principles
Listed below are our design principles and examples of how we’ve used them so far. These build on, and add to, our original 7 digital principles. 1 Start with needs* 2 Do less 3 Design with data 4 Do the hard work to make it simple 5 Iterate. Then iterate again. 6 Build for inclusion 7 Understand context 8 Build digital services, not websites 9 Be consistent, not uniform 10 Make things open: it makes things better
design  uk  web 
december 2013 by pierredv
at800 unveils accredited installer scheme - Land Mobile
"at800, the company working to address possible disruption of Freeview services by 4G at 800MHz, has announced its accredited installer scheme. The installers will help householders resolve disruption to Freeview services on their primary TV set."
Freeview  at800  DTV  DTT  professional-installation  UK  interference  800MHz  LTE 
july 2013 by pierredv
Freeview telly test suggests 4G interference may not be a big deal • The Register
"A trial 4G network, covering 22,000 homes just left of Birmingham, only interfered with TV reception in 15 of them - paving the way for an interference-free rollout over the summer, we're told. The trial was conducted by at800, the organisation charged with spending £180m of cell network operator money to solve the problem. At800 wrote to all 22,000 homes asking them to watch for changes, and received 100 calls of which 15 could be attributed to 4G signals, and all those were fixed with a cheap filter."
cellular  4G  DTV  interference  UK  antennas 
april 2013 by pierredv
BBC News - Is VAT suffering a mid-life crisis at 40?
"Value-added tax (VAT) is 40 years old on 1 April 2013. To mark the anniversary, VAT expert Colin Corder takes a look at some of the more bizarre rules surrounding VAT and asks if VAT legislation is in need of an overhaul."
BBC  unintended-consequences  ex  BBC  VAT  UK  taxes 
april 2013 by pierredv
Low-cost radar: A programme worth watching | The Economist March 2013
Trial of passive radar by Thales and NATS, British air traffic control agency multi-static primary surveillance radar (MSPSR) "The growth in radio and television broadcasts—especially with digital and high-definition TV—now provides an enormous amount of high-frequency radio waves which are ideally suitable for passive radar systems. Moreover, the availability of cheap and powerful computing makes it feasible to analyse the data required to build a system like MSPSR. Thales and its partners expect to be able to produce results as good as conventional radar. "The trials are designed to see how passive radar could support Britain’s air-traffic management. . . With growing demand for wireless devices, passive radar would allow the radio spectrum currently used by conventional radar to be freed up and auctioned off to mobile operators."
aviation  air  traffic  control  ATC  NATS  DTV  UK  Thales  radar  TheEconomist 
march 2013 by pierredv
UK scheme to help TV viewers deal with 4G interference launches — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
“At800, an organisation created to ensure that soon-to-be-deployed 4G mobile services in the 800 MHz band don't interfere with the UK's digital terrestrial TV signals, started operating on 15 March. . . . “DMSL is governed by an oversight board whose voting members are drawn from independent experts, broadcasting representatives, and representatives from each of the 800 MHz licensees. Ofcom, the regulator, will play a supervisory role and will not have a vote. The Department for Culture, Media and Sport, the government department responsible for spectrum issues, will not have a vote either.” . . . “Ofcom estimates that up to 10 per cent of the UK's digital terrestrial TV (DTT) households (2.3 million) could experience interference. The problem can usually be remedied by a plug-in filter, at800 said.”
multi-stakeholder  DTV  interference  UK  800MHz  PolicyTracker  Ofcom  TV 
march 2013 by pierredv
4G spectrum auction in the UK: were the prices paid low or merely average? - Insight - News | Analysys Mason
MHz.POP prices for UK auction: "We found that assuming values of GBP0.44 (EUR0.51) per MHz per pop for the 800MHz spectrum, GBP0.07 (EUR0.08) for the 2.6GHz paired spectrum and GBP0.04 (EUR0.04) for the 2.6GHz unpaired spectrum, while assuming that the coverage obligation (which applies only to O2) carries a cost of GBP10 million (EUR12 million), gives answers that are within 1% of each winning bid announced by Ofcom on 20 February 2013."
auction  price  spectrum  UK  Ofcom  AnalysysMason 
february 2013 by pierredv
Ruckus Wi-Fi gear powers vast UK outdoor mesh network - FierceBroadbandWireless - Jan 2013
"Global Reach deployed Ruckus' carrier-grade indoor and outdoor ZoneFlex Wi-Fi products along 27 miles of the River Thames and onboard Thames Clippers London River Ferries to support more than 30 million people accessing the river each year. The River Thames network is one of the world's largest outdoor mesh deployments, said Ruckus."
small-cells  UK  Wi-Fi  Ruckus  London  FierceWireless 
february 2013 by pierredv
Bagehot: The nanny state | The Economist Oct 20, 2012
"For Conservatives, the promise of keeping families together trumps traditional concerns about an interfering state. Tories also like the programme’s focus on teaching people how to take responsibility for their own lives, and its promise of saving money in the long term. The party that rails against the nanny state has come to embrace state nannying."
government  opinion  TheEconomist  poverty  UK  politics 
october 2012 by pierredv
Ofcom | Reducing interference between digital TV and future mobile services
"Ofcom today set out proposals to ensure that digital TV delivered through a roof top aerial can function alongside the next generation of mobile services to be rolled out from 2013.

On 22 March, Ofcom set out plans to auction 800 MHz spectrum for 4G mobile services next year.

The 800 MHz spectrum is adjacent to the frequencies used for digital terrestrial television (DTT) broadcasting. Due to its proximity, in a small number of cases this could cause the signals from mobile base stations to interfere with set top boxes and digital televisions in the future. This could potentially affect up to 3% of DTT viewers if no measures were put in place to solve the problem."
filters  receivers  interference  800MHz  cellular  UK  Ofcom  DTV  DTT 
october 2012 by pierredv
EE keeps quiet about LTE 1800 launch as competitors fume — PolicyTracker: the spectrum management newsletter
UK regulator Ofcom’s decision to let Everything Everywhere (EE) refarm its 1800 MHz spectrum and use it for LTE has predictably enraged its competitors. EE’s sale of 2 x 15 MHz of spectrum to Hutchison’s Three network has also gone down badly with Vodafone and O2.
UK  PolicyTracker  Ofcom  LTE  cellular  competition 
august 2012 by pierredv
Bidding on UK's LTE spectrum auction pushed to 2013Mobile Technology | Wireless Broadband | Wireless Carriers | RCR U.S. Wireless News July 2012
"The auction will focus on the 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum bands. In an effort to bring new competition to the market, Ofcom will set aside a section of spectrum that cannot be bid on by the three largest U.K. operators: Vodafone, Telefónica’s O2 and Everything Everywhere, a joint venture of Deutsche Telekom’s T-Mobile and France’s Orange. The reserved section can only be purchased by an existing, smaller fourth operator such as Hutchinson’s 3G or a new entrant to the market.
The government noted the auction will provide 250 megahertz of new spectrum to carriers, on top of the 333 megahertz already being used today."
Ofcom  2.6GHz  800MHz  UK  auction  spectrum 
july 2012 by pierredv
Jimmy Savile, TV Personality, Dies at 84 -
"a torrent of claims, some true, some false and others occupying the vast limbo of credibility in between"
NYTimes  obituary  UK  via  Peter  Haynes  entertainment 
november 2011 by pierredv
Lawyers back UK Uncut on taxes - The Independent 8 May 2011
"Britain could slash its £30bn a year corporate tax avoidance industry in one swoop – and raise more money from higher tax revenues – if it switched to a principles-based approach rather than the present one of "legal certainty", according to the Queen's lawyers."
Principles vs. rules
UK  law  principles  taxes 
may 2011 by pierredv
UK General Election 2010 political map - Telegraph
noticeable how Tories are south and rural; Labour is northern and urban
politics  uk  elections  visualization  via:computationallegalstudies  maps 
may 2010 by pierredv
stop the database state » NO2ID
"NO2ID is a campaigning organisation. We are a single-issue group focussed on the threat to liberty and privacy posed by the rapid growth of the database state, of which "ID cards" are the most visible part. We are entirely independent. We do not endorse any party, nor campaign on any other topic."
privacy  uk  identity  surveillance 
february 2010 by pierredv
CRFS – home – innovative, integrated real-time spectral monitoring and management systems
"CRFS develops and supplies innovative, integrated real-time spectral monitoring and management systems"
interference  measurement  uk  wireless  rf 
november 2009 by pierredv
British history: England's revolution | The Economist
review of "1688: The first modern revolution" by Steve Pincus "Far from being consensual and conservative [as held by traditional histories], the events of 1688-89 that gave birth to the modern liberal state were violent and transformative"
history  uk  books  economist 
november 2009 by pierredv
Consultation on the way forward for the future use of the band 872 - 876 MHz paired with 917 - 921 MHz | Ofcom
standard trade-off between in-band transmit power and adjacent receive channel filtering – and who would pay for the filtering.
ofcom  interference  rf  wireless  cellular  uk  Examples 
august 2009 by pierredv
Ofcom reveals UK’s real broadband speeds | Ofcom
Quote: Nationwide performance
* The average broadband speed in the UK in April 2009 was 4.1Mbit/s. This compares to an average ‘up to’ headline speed of 7.1 Mbit/s.
* The actual speeds received varied widely. Fewer than one in ten (9 per cent) of our sample on 8Mbit/s headline packages received actual average speeds of over 6Mbit/s and around one in five (19 per cent) received, on average, less than 2Mbit/s.
* Those living in urban areas received significantly faster speeds than those living in rural areas. The average speed delivered to urban consumers was 4.6Mbit/s, compared to an average of 3.3Mbit/s delivered to rural consumers.
* Consumers with all ISPs experienced a slowdown in actual speeds during peak evening hours (8-10pm), with speeds in this period around 20 per cent slower than over a 24-hour period.
ofcom  broadband  uk  internet 
july 2009 by pierredv
Policy evaluation report: AIP | Ofcom
"This document provides an evaluation of the policy of charging spectrum fees based on Administered Incentive Pricing (AIP) i.e. setting fees to reflect the opportunity cost of spectrum denied to other uses and users, rather than just the costs of managing the radio spectrum"
My take is that the jury's still out. There are only three cited cases where AIP is said to have made a difference, and Ofcom argues that given long equipment replacement cycles one should not expect quick change. (AIP started in 1998.) On the other hand, Ofcom submits that there haven't been any adverse impacts either.
ofcom  spectrum  auctions  economics  policy  uk 
july 2009 by pierredv
Video: Millions face telephone tax under Government's broadband plans for internet - Times Online
"A tax on phone lines could be introduced in an effort to try and extend the reach of super-fast broadband into the countryside.
A £6 a year tax on every phone line in the country is part of the plan outlined in the Digital Britain White Paper to stimulate the development future fibre optic services. "
internet  uk  broadband 
june 2009 by pierredv
Managing the airwaves for theatres, live events and programme-makers | Ofcom
"Ofcom today set out detailed proposals for appointing a ‘band manager’ to look after the spectrum needs of programme makers and special events (PMSE) organisers."
Andrew Stirling: "basically calls on the band manager to ensure that the needs of PMSE users are met , but allows freedom to explore further commercial exploitation on top"
regulation  wireless  ofcom  uk  radio 
march 2009 by pierredv
Delivering super-fast broadband in the UK | Ofcom
difficulties of negotiating the role of the regulator in a market that has concentration built into it - lots of lip service to ROI and consumer protection, but no specifics (understandably) on how that will achieved in practice
policy  regulation  broadband  ofcom  uk 
march 2009 by pierredv
Review of Business Radio licence fees in Band I | Ofcom
Concludes the opportunity cost of this band is zero since "all existing uses - and currently envisaged future uses - for this band could be accommodated in the existing spectrum"
Definition: "The opportunity cost of any spectrum is the “lost” value to society of any services that cannot access the spectrum because the licensees are holding it instead. For example, if user A holds all the spectrum in a particular sub-band, then the highest value of the services that could otherwise be provided as a result of access to that band (either the same type of service as provided by user A, or different services) is the opportunity cost of that spectrum. If the presence of one or more licensees in a band were to mean that other services cannot access the spectrum they need, then there is a positive opportunity cost, and therefore a basis for setting AIP fees. "
regulation  wireless  ofcom  uk 
february 2009 by pierredv
Rating Regulators 26/02/09 = Consumer Focus Publications
Rating Regulators examines issues such as transparency, access, how regulators grasp the broader perspective, how they intervene on behalf of vulnerable individuals, how they use enforcement tools when necessary - and aims to ensure that regulation of markets stays connected to its original purpose - namely to benefit the consumer.

* Full report
* Executive summary
* Financial Services Authority extended report
* Food Standards Agency extended report
* Ofcom extended report
* Ofgem extended report
* Ofwat extended report
* Postcomm extended report
regulation  uk  governance 
february 2009 by pierredv
Consumer Focus report on UK regulators |
Regulators policing the energy and financial services industry have been criticised for not stepping in quickly enough to help consumers.

Independent consumer group Consumer Focus compiled a report into the regulators covering food, water, energy, money, communications and postal sectors.
regulation  uk 
february 2009 by pierredv
digital britain - interim report
UK government outlines plans for digital transition
The interim report contains more than 20 recommendations, including specific proposals on:

* next generation networks
* universal access to broadband
* the creation of a second public service provider of scale
* the modernisation of wireless radio spectrum holdings
* a digital future for radio
* a new deal for digital content rights
* enhancing the digital delivery of public services
uk  media  policy  communications 
february 2009 by pierredv
Low power licence-exemption limits above 10GHz | Ofcom
Result of consultation
"Devices which transmit at very low power levels, such as ultra wideband (UWB) devices are exempt from licensing. In August 2008 we issued a consultation on a proposal to increase the power limits for such devices in the frequency bands above 10GHz
... We received over 10 responses, some of which were confidential. These were all from licence holders in the affected frequency bands and all expressed concern at the impact that increased exemption levels might have on their use of the spectrum."
ofcom  uk  wireless  regulation  europe  uwb 
december 2008 by pierredv
It's the great analogue sale as airwaves go on the block | Media | The Observer
The Observer: "It's the great analogue sale as airwaves go on the block
The powerful UHF network that carries national TV will now be available for phone and data use - which could transform daily life, says James Robinson"
ofcom  uk  wireless  spectrum 
december 2008 by pierredv
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