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pierredv : agriculture   25

Devastating Banana Fungus Arrives In Colombia, Threatening The Fruit's Future : The Salt : NPR
One of the biggest fears of the fresh fruit industry just came true.

A fungal disease that has been destroying banana plantations in Asia has arrived in Latin America.
NPR  monoculture  fruit  agriculture  bananas 
9 weeks ago by pierredv
Top-10 Artificial Intelligence Startups in Africa - Nanalyze
"A recent paper published by Access Partnership and the University of Pretoria points out four important sectors where AI could greatly benefit Africa’s nations – agriculture, healthcare, public services, and financial services. The paper also highlights existing structural challenges that hamper AI development including little broadband coverage, inflexible education systems, and a lack of big data. Still, there are initiatives focused on overcoming these hurdles, and Google recently opened an AI research lab in Ghana, the first of its kind on the continent, led by ex-Facebook researcher Moustapha Cisse."

"Founded in 2014, Cape Town, South Africa startup Aerobotics has raised $4.8 million to develop a geospatial intelligence platform that enables pest and disease detection in tree crops using drones, satellite imagery, and of course artificial intelligence to interpret all the big data that’s being collected."
Nanalyze  AI  Africa  South-Africa  agriculture 
april 2019 by pierredv
Cold comfort farms - Farming in Africa - 2013
"Yet Africa’s huge potential clashes with a brutal reality documented in a new report from the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), a think-tank with headquarters in Kenya. Take the cost of fertiliser, for instance. Farmers in America pay a price on delivery of $226 per tonne. But in Zambia the price is $414. Shipping costs explain only a small part of the difference. The rest is accounted for by port duties, bribes, storage fees, fuel costs, the importer’s mark-up and the credit charges racked up as the fertiliser makes its tortuous journey from port to farm."
farming  agriculture  TheEconomist  Africa 
february 2019 by pierredv
Using Satellite Data to Scale Smallholder Agricultural Insurance | CGAP Sep 2018
"This paper looks beyond the excitement of the vast possibilities for satellite data applications to promote scale in smallholder agricultural insurance. It documents lessons learned from using these data to reduce the costs and improve the quality of smallholder agricultural insurance in Nigeria and Kenya. "
CGAP  development-assistance  finance  insurance  satellite  agriculture  Nigeria  Kenya  remote-sensing  EO 
september 2018 by pierredv
Field Song on Vimeo
‘Life is to plow.’ A reflection on struggle, success and the impermanence of both. Directed by Brad Bischoff.
Vimeo  video  story  agriculture  work  documentary 
february 2018 by pierredv
It’s True: Cape Town’s Water Supply Is Three Months Away from a Shutdown by Bob Henson | Category 6 | Weather Underground
"The smaller reservoirs serving the Western Cape Water Supply System rely mainly on winter rains, and they’ve taken a huge hit from the past three years of drought. Complicating the situation further, about half of the system’s water is allocated to agriculture. As in the United States and elsewhere, it can be a political challenge to shift the rural/urban water balance, especially in the midst of a drought crisis."

"And apart from the typical year-to-year ups and downs in rainfall, there’s an ominous trend: a gradual decline in rainfall in the Cape Town area over the last 60 year"

"If Day Zero does arrive, Cape Town residents could face an exhausting set of challenges, even in just getting enough water to stay hydrated and bathed."
weather  Wunderground  South-Africa  CapeTown  drought  agriculture 
january 2018 by pierredv
Agribotix | Agricultural Intelligence. Drone Enabled.
via Brad Bernthal, Sep 2017, for conference
"Agribotix is the agricultural intelligence company that provides fully supported, user-friendly, drone-enabled technologies and services developed exclusively for agriculture."
Boulder  UAS  drones  agriculture 
september 2017 by pierredv
ChemChina-Syngenta: Why This Round Of Ag-Chem Industry Consolidation Worries Me
via Phil Weiser "I am concerned that we may be on the verge of a major loss of knowledge and experience in the agricultural sector" due to layoffs as a result of mergers
resilience  agriculture  science  employment  antitrust 
february 2016 by pierredv
Farmerbots: a new industrial revolution - tech - 01 November 2012 - New Scientist
"On the new model farms, precision will be key. Why dose a whole field with chemicals if you can spray only where they are needed? Each plant could get exactly the right amount of everything, no more or less, an approach that could slash chemical use and improve yields in one move." "Almost inevitably, these machines will eventually alter the landscape, too. The real tipping point for robot agriculture will come when farms are being designed with agribots in mind, says Sukkarieh. This could mean a return to smaller fields, with crops planted in grids rather than rows and fruit trees pruned into two-dimensional shapes to make harvesting easier."
food  agriculture  AI  robot  robotics  NewScientist  farming 
november 2012 by pierredv
Saving US grasslands: a bid to turn back the clock on desertification -
"As grasslands diminish on prairies and savannas around the world, an innovative ranching technique that reverses the environmental damage of desertification makes its way to the US." "moving his cattle around the land in a way that mimics the movement of buffalo centuries before. The idea is called Holistic Management"
farming  agriculture  csmonitor  environment  ecology 
november 2011 by pierredv
Economics focus: The plough and the now | The Economist
"A new paper by Alberto Alesina and Nathan Nunn of Harvard University and Paola Giuliano of the University of California, Los Angeles, finds striking evidence that ancient agricultural techniques have very long-lasting effects. " Long after most people have stopped tilling the land for a living, the economists find, their views about the economic role of women seem to line up with whether their ancestors ploughed or whether they hoed. Women descended from plough-users are less likely to work outside the home, to be elected to parliament or to run businesses than their counterparts in countries at similar levels of development who happen to be descended from hoe-users. The research reinforces the ideas of Ester Boserup, an economist who argued in the 1970s that cultural norms about the economic roles of the sexes can be traced back to traditional farming practices.
gender  agriculture  history  farming  equality  economics  TheEconomist 
august 2011 by pierredv
Identifying Supply and Demand Elasticities of Agricultural Commodities: Implications for the US Ethanol Mandate
Michael J. Roberts, Wolfram Schlenker. NBER Working Paper No. 15921, April 2010.
US ethanol mandate increases world food prices by 30%, expanded growing area offsets biofuel CO2 benefit.
economics  agriculture  climate  food  x:NBER 
february 2011 by pierredv
Vatican scientists urge support for engineered crops - environment - 30 November 2010 - New Scientist
"In a statement condemning opposition to GM crops in rich countries as unjustified, a group of scientists including leading members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences is demanding a relaxation of "excessive, unscientific regulations" for approving GM crops, saying that these prevent development of crops for the "public good"."
agriculture  religion  science  botany  GMO  NewScientist  poverty 
december 2010 by pierredv
How science could spark a second Green Revolution / The Christian Science Monitor -
growth in agricultural productivity: " In the US in the early 1900s, he points out, an acre of corn yielded about 25 bushels. Last year, an acre of corn produced an average of 162 bushels."
factoids  agriculture  csmonitor 
april 2010 by pierredv
Foreign Policy: Africa Plays the Rice Card
"The secret of Uganda’s homegrown success? Ignoring decades of bad Western advice." specifically, by not eliminating du8ties on imported rice, they have grown a local capability
agriculture  economics  trade  development-assistance 
may 2008 by pierredv
History of the Carrot
this is someone who REALLY cares about carrots
history  agriculture 
october 2005 by pierredv

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